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J I /lyi// L u/n 4 i^'t w / / <LZ^^ 




E N G L I S H and S P A N I S H, 

"^uch more Cofious than any other hitherto Extant. 


The true Etymology of Words, wiih their various Significationsj 

Terms of Arts and Sciences, Proper Nanles of Men and Women, Surnames 
of Families, Titles of Honour, the Geography of ¿^¿7/;/ and the ¡fefi 
Indies, and principal Plants growing in thofe Parts. 

■ ■ To all which are added, Vaft Numbers of 


all literally explained, with their Equivalents. 

By Captain John Stevens. 



Efpafiol y Ingles, y Ingles y Efpañolj 

Mucho mas copiofo que quantos ha/la aora han Jal ido d luz. 

En el qual fe pone laEtymologia de las Palabras, con fus varias Significaciones ; 
Términos de Artes y Sciencias, Nombres propios de Hombres y Mugeres, Ape- 
llidos de Cafas o Familias, Tirulos de Nobleza, la Geographia de EjpaTía y de las 
Indias Occidentales, y las principales Plantas que le crian en dichas parces. 

A lo c[ual fe ha añadido una immenficlad de Refranes, Phrafes, y Modos de hablar Obfcuros, 
Todos explicados á la Le:ia, con fus Ecjuivalcntes. 

Por el Capitán Don Juan Stevens, 


Printed for J.Disbt. A. Betti*wo»th, P. Fatram, J. P»mbertom. C. Ritington 
J, HoosB. F. CtAT, J. £atlxTd wid E. Svmom, M.DCC.XXVI. 


r, «i ] 





SO N tantos los *Dicionar¡os de 
todos géneros i y tan 'varios los par- 
ticulares Trologos dellos] que [era 
cafi imponible dezir algo en efle, 
que no fe aya dicho antes en algún otro j 
for lo qual-, aquellos mal acondicionados^ 
que dejfeanfcr tenidos por Criticos^ a cofia 
del crédito de los que procuran en alguna 
; manera fer de algún iitil en ejia vida, 
comunicando lo que ¡aben a los demás 
que aun no han al caneado el mifmofaber 
no dexaran de diffamar al efcritor con el 
titulo de Tla?iario. Tor ¿íta^ )' otras 
no menos fnjlanciales razones^ fe e^ita^d 
toda proUxidad. Lo primero de que le 
parece al autor dejla obra advertir al 
letor es^ que no fe halla con . hajiante 
caudal de 'vanidad^ para cngaTiar al 
mimdo^ alega-'uk^ que las ordenes preci- 
fas de perfonas calificadas^ y la impor- 
tunidad de amigos, le han obligado a 
ímprsitder efte trabajo^ effos motivos no 



ICTION ARIES of all Toits 
are fo numerous, and the re- 
fpeólive Prefaces to them fo 
various, that it will be nc^t to 
an impoíTibility to fay any thing in this, 
that has not been before ia:d in fome 
other, for which thofe ill-natur'd per- 
fons, who would be thousht Criticks, 
at the expencc of the reputation of fuch 
as endeavour to be fome way ferviceable 
in their generation, by imparting what 
they know to the reft that have not yet 
atiaiu'd the fame knowledge, will be rea- 
dy to revile the "Writer with the title of 
a Plagiary. For this, and other no lefs 
fubftantial reaf?ns, all prolixity fhall be 
here avoided. The Crft thing the com- 
piler of this Work thinks fít to acquajnc 
the Pvcader with is, that he has no^hc 
vanity to irapoie upon the publick, by 
telling them, the commands of great, 
mcttj and the importunity of friends have 
A .» oblig'dy 


hin Ihgiido a incJticirle : Khi^m gran 
f erf 1! age ccnoccy cuya generojidad alcan- 
ce kfoportar femejante empleo ^ ni hwvie- 
ra fido facil perfuadirle amigos preteit- 
elidosy que fe tomaJ[en la libertad de 
accTifejarle que fe impuftejfe tan train jefa 
tarca^ fvi mjflrarle el fruto que avia de 
facnr della. Solos los libreros han pre- 
í-alecidOy los qv.ales echando de cer que 
vo fe hallava nn l^icionario Efpanol, 
concluyeron que el facar uno a. luz les 
feria proz-echcf^ y per algunas razones 
le juzgaren capaz de cumplir lo que def- 
feai'aVy y conformemente fe lo propv.Jieron 
en términos que le parecieron raznables. 
Jíjlo es hablar claro ; los demás fn fok 
pretextos i-anos^ diciados por la prefiin- 
cion, pues no obflante todas las falfedades 
que publican para encubrir fu at'aricia ■, 
los mas realzados perfona^js no afpiran 
a íKas que fu interés, y los mas aplau- 
didos dcftnfores de fus patrias las hu- 
bieran dexado perecer, fino fe engrande- 
cieran a Ji por los mifmos medios con que 
procuran engaytar el mundo, como ft fue- 
ran effetos de un zelo puro por el bien de 
fus dichas patrias. 

En lo que teca a efie 'Dicionario, ni 

fe puede efperar que el autor hable con 

defprecio de fu obra, lo qual fuera cm-^ 

"rario k nueflro natural, pues todos en 

meral tienen algún amor a. lo que han 

•oducido j ni le ejik bien alabarla, 

nal no dexara de parecer muy grande 

lancia^ contra todas reglas de mo- 


L IV ] 

oblig'd hitn to undertake this work, thofe 
motives have been remote from him, he 
is a ilrangcr to any mighty perfons who 
have fo much generoiity as to encourage 
fuch an undertaking, and would not ea> 
lily comply with fuch pretended friends 
as fliould take the liberty to put him up- 
on fixh a laborious task, without fliow- 
ing him what account it would -turn to. 
The only inducement he has had, ha:s 
been from the Bookfellers, who finding 
a demand for a SpaniiTi Diólionary, con- 
cluded it would be for their advantage to 
print one, and for feveral reafons judg'd 
him capable of anfwering their expeda- 
tion, and accordingly propos'd to him 
fuch terms as he thought fit to accept ofl 
This is plain dealing, all other pretences 
are but empty notions infpir'd by vain- 
glory, when whatfoever falfehood they 
give out to palliate their avarice, all that 
the greateft men really aim at is nothing 
but their intereft, and the moil celebra- 
ted patriots would fiXfifer their country to 
perifli, did they not raife themfelves by 
that which they would have thought a 
zeal to fupport it. 

As to this Didionary, neither can the 
Author be expeóled to fpeak meanly of 
his performance, which would be unna-; 
tural, all men being apt to have fome 
efteem for their own produi^ions, nor 
may he prefume to extol it, becaufe that 
would juftly be look'd upon as a notable 
piece of arrogancy, againft all the rules 

" ^' of 

[ V ] 

'dejiia/ypor covftgniente 'antes fuera qni-'o^ modeííy, and confcquently ratKcr lef- 
tar que añadir a fu eftimacion. EJio fe fen than add to its eftecm. This may be 

p7iede afirmar con cerdad^ y fin incur 
rir cenfura, a faber, qtie es el mas co- 
fiofo de qtiantos bajía aora han falido a 
hz^ por quanta todos los que ejiat'an 
antes imprefjos en varias lenguas^ y fe 
pudieron ai'er por dinero^ han fido re- 
pajfados , para las adiciones, como fe 
puede echar de <ver en efe, por eftar los 
autores citados, qnando algunas pala- 
Iras parecen dudofas. Ademas, el 
autor eftos años paffados ha ley do muchos 
libros Efpañoles, que no avia vijfo antes, 
fin omitir cofa que fe hallare en ellos 
propria para fus adiciones, nombrando 
los efcritoreSy quandoquiera que las pa- 
labras de que fe fir ven fe apartan mucho 
del eftilo de los mas modernos, o del que 
cil prefente fe ifa en converf ación. A- 
cerca de lo qual fe ha de reparar, que 
en la lengua Efpañola fe han admitido 
mas novedades, defde el tiempo que fe 
infiituyeron academias^ en aquella nación^ 
y que ha fido tan grande y tan familiar 
el comercio con Francia , por razón de 
aver admitido un üey Frances, que en 
do^ientos años antes de aquellos dias, de 
manera que al prefente fe halla zma mul- 
titud de palabras nuevamente forjadas, 
de que no avia noticia alguna antes defie 
figlo en que eft amos, Efcufado fera aqui 
enfeñar h los que aprenden, el fonido y 
pronunciación de todas las letras del 
alphabetOy por quanto las hallaran per-^ 
fet amenté explicadas en fus particulares 

y pro- 

aíTerted with truth, and without incur- 
ring any cenfure, viz. that it is the moil 
copious of any yet extant, in regard that 
all thofe which were publiili'd before in 
fcveral languages, and could be purchas'd, 
have been confulted, to make the im- 
provements, as may appear upon perufal, 
their feveral authors being quoted, where 
any words are liable to be call'd in que- 
ftion. Befides, the compiler has read 
many Spanifh authors of late, which he 
had not feen before, and omitted nothing 
he could find in them, that was proper 
to be added, mentioning them particular- 
ly where the terms they ufe feem to de- 
viate very much from the ftile of the 
more modern authors, or what occurs ia 
common converfation. Wherein it is to 
be obferv'd, that the Spanifli language 
has received greater alteration iince the 
ereding of academies in that nation, and / 
the great and familiar intercourfe with / 
France, upon their admitting of a French/ 
king, than it did in two hundred years \ 
before that time, fo that there is now a \ 
multitude of new jfram'd Spanifli words, , 
which were utterly unknown before this ' 
prefent century. It will be needlefs to 
inftruól learners here in the Spanifli way 
of founding and pronouncing the feveral 
letters of the alphabet, becaufe they will 
find the fame in their proper and refpe- 
(5tive places, fully explain'd, after the 





y proprios íu^^áres, en el wdo mds in- ' 
léli^ibky porque cilgwias dtUas fon muy 
different es de lo que fe ufa en Ingles, pero 
en lo general concuerdan con el Latin, del 
qnal el Efpañol trae fu origen^ y la 
femejanca que le tiene es tan grande, que 
el que tuciere algtin razenahlc conocimi- 
ento del primero podra con brevedad 
aprender el fegundo. Ln mayor diffe- 
rencia conjifte en algunas palabras que 
h'trodiíxcrofi los Godos y los Alárabes 
Tiñentras fueron fenores de Efpaña, los 
qnales también hizieron alguna mudan f a 
en la pronunciación : a, lo qtial fe puede 
madir lo que fe toco arriba, acerca de 
las palabras que fe han introducido de 
ijueoo defde la grande corrcfpondencia 
con Francia, y algunas pocas tomadas de 
la lengua Italiana. T,as mas deflas ul- 
timas fe hallan principalmente entre la 
gente culta, Narciffosy 'Damas remilga- 
das, que aman hablar tin lengiiage, que 
inuchasi'ezes ni ellos, ni los que los oyen 
entienden, como lo lemos demafiada- 
mente pratjcado en Inglaterra, adonde no 
fon menos apetecidas las palabras noce- 
íes, aunque aya otras dejas proprias de 
mayor fignijicaclcn -, y a la fcrdad, no 
es jnenos enfadofo que ridiculo el oyr 
hombres ignorantes, y mugeres tontas 
que fe canfan por dar a. conocer fu poco 
jefo en ttna gerigonca, que no ay quien 
la entienda^ 

JLos verbifs irregulares van todos con- 
jugados, hafia donde llegan fus irregu- 

mofl: intelligible manner, fevcral of thcRí 
diftcring very much from what is ufual 
in Engliih, but mofl: generally agreeing 
with the Latin, from which the Spanifli 
derives its original, and fo much refem- 
bles it, that any one who \s knowing in 
the former may foon make himfelf mafl:er 
of the latter. The greateft difference 
confifts in fome few words introduced by 
the Goths and the Arabs, whilft they 
rul'd in Spain, who alfo vary'd the pro- 
nunciation ; to which may be added , 
what was hinted before , of the new 
coin'd words lince the extraordinary in- 
tercourfe with France, and fome few bor- 
row'd from the Italian. Moft of thefe 
laft are chiefly in ufe among the affedted 
part of the nation, Beaus and Bels, who 
are fond of delivering themfelves in fuch 
a language, as very often neither they 
nor their hearers underftand, as we fee 
too often praóti'sd in England,, where we 
are no lefs fond- of new coin'd words, 
tho' we have olxr ones more íignifícant of 
our own ; and it is no lefs provoking 
than ridiculous to hear ignorant men and 
filly women labouring to expofe their 
nonfenfe in an unintelligible jargon. 

The irregular verbs are all conjugated;^ 
as far as their irregularities extend, which 


Jaridades, h qual [era de mucho útil a 
los qtíe han menejier ferdrfe dellos -, 
otras cofas que fe encaminan por reglas 
ciertas, fe han de aprender, o por la 
grammatica, o la cojtiimh-e, como no 
pertenecientes a cfia obra. Son tantos los 
refranes y las frafcs Efpañolas, que los 
curiofos apenas hallaran alguna fent encía ^ 
o en libros, o en converfacion, que no eftc 
aqiii haji antemente explicada. El kn- 
giiage defie Tiicionario es el mifmo que 
fe habla en la corte de Efpaña, y entre 
toda la gente acendrada de aquella na- 
ción^ y por configuiente el mifmo que fe 
• halla en todos fus efcritores mas afama- 
dos ^ y adonde ocurrieren otras palabras, 
fiempre llevan fu nota de que fon anti- 
guas, o particulares de algunas prodn- 
cias ; y fe ha de reparar que la mifma 
lengua es mii'verfal en toda aquella im- 
menfa monarchia, a faber, en todas par- 
tes de las Indias Occidentales, las lilas 
Philipinas, ^c. con fola alguna poca dif- 
ferencia en la pronunciación, en provin- 
cias muy remotas, i como fe aee en otros 
reynos. Verdad es que ay tina lengua 
particular en Bifcaya, que fe habla entre 
aquella gente, pero apenas fe halla al- 
mno que no hable Efpañol. Lo mifmo fe 
puede dezir de Cataluña, adonde tam- 
bién tienen tina mefcla del antiguo Fran- 
ces, o lenguage Limofin, y el Eípañol 
que ya paffó, pero la lengua uni'verfal 
fiempre fe conferva entre todos efiados. 
Ejio hajiara para evitar la repetición 
de lo mucho que otros han dicho, y 
para no enfadar al leUor^ 

is a con/idcrable help to all that have oc- 
caííon to malee ufe of them ; other things 
that are according to the eílabliOrd rules, 
rauft be learnt either by grammar or nft-, 
as not appertaining to this work. The 
Spanifli proverbs and phrafes are fo nu- 
merous, that the curious can fcarce fail of 
finding any thing thoroughly explain d, 
which may occur to them cither in read- 
ing, or converfation. The language of 
this Diñionary is the fame that is fpoken 
at the court oí Spain, and by all the po- 
lite perfons of that nation, and confe- 
quently the fame that is found in all 
their moil celebrated authors j for where 
other words occur, they are always no- 
ted as obfolete, or peculiar to fome pro- 
vinces ,• and it is to be obferv'd, that the 
fame is univerfal throughout that great 
monarchy, that is, in all parts of the 
Wefi Indies, the Philippine Jflanás, &c. 
only allowing fome fmall difference in 
the pronunciation in remote province?, 
as is ufual in all other countries. It is 
true, there is a peculiar language in Wf- 
cay, fpoke among thofe people, yet there 
are fcarce any of them that do not fpeak 
Spaniili. The fame may be faid oiCata- 
lonia, where they alfo ufe a compofitioii 
of old French or Limoiin, and antiqua- 
ted Spanifb, but ftill the univerfal tongue 
is preferv'd among all degrees of peo- 
ple. This may fuffice to avoid repeat- 
ing too much of what has been faid by 
others, and tiring the patience of tho 


>D I C I o N ARI o 



Nem S P A N I S H and E N G L I S H 


A A 

A The firíl letter of the al 
phabet, and the firíl of 
A the vowels, as ñanding 
'^ ill need of no other to 
be pronounced, as the conibnants doi 
In Sfanifi it is pronounced as in Latin, 
that is, opening the mouth ; as in the 
■words all, hall, &c. not as in the 
■words hard, bard, and others of that 
kind. The Greeks call it Alpla, the 
Hebrews Alefh, the Arabs Al/ph, the 
Vhcenicians Alioz, the Indians Alephu, 
and ib other nations. ,' 

A is the beginning of Spahifi verbs 
form'd out of nouns, as alancear, a- 
hrafar, acarrear, from ¡anca, bráfa, 
carro, &c. 

jí, a prepoíition, to, at, towards. 
A, an adverb, a way of calling, as 
A yuan. Ho there yokn; alfo a note 
of reprehenlion, as A traviéffo, O un- 
%^y one ! 

A, a verb, the third perfon lingular 
of the verb e, or he ; as To he, I have; 
3'« has. Thou haft ; El ha, or a. He 

A fometimes Aands for áy ; as Mu- 
chos días a, many days Imcc. 

j1 denotes the dative cafe, zs Dad- 
jo a Pedro, give it to teter ; Ibmetimes 
the accufative, as amo a Dios, I love 
God ; and Ibmetimes the infinitive 
mood, as I-'oy a comer, I go to eat. 

Aaron, o Barba de Aaron, the herb 
-*vake-robbin, or calves-feet , alfo the 
proper name Aann, 


A'b a, take heed, beware, ; as 'Aba 
el lobo, take heed of the wolf. 

Ababo'l, a poppey. Vid. Amapola. 
Abac A'RES,a nation in SouthAmerica. 
A'baco, the abacus, is a quadran- 
gular piece , commonly accompanied 
with a cymatium, and fcrving inftead 
of a corona, or drip to the capital, 
whereof it is the fuperior or higheft 
part ; that is, it fupports the lower 
face of the architrave. So call'd from 
the Greek abacion, which fignifies a 
iquare trencher or table. 

Abaco'a, one oíúisLucayan iflands 
of America, i z leagues long, and hard- 
ly half a league broad. 

Aba'd, an Abbat, chief of a mona- 
fiery of Monks of the orders of St.Be- 
nediH, St. Bernard, Sc. Dafil, and fonie 
others. In Spain fome houfcs of Ca- 
nons Regular have Abbats. In the coun 
try in Spain they alio in many places 
call the Parfon of the pariib. Abad. It 
is derived from the Hebrew Aba,- figni- 
fying a father, fuperior, or mafter. 

Prov. El Abad de donde canta yanta: 
Where the Abbat fings, there he gets 
his dinner. To lignify that church- 
men are to live by their fundion. 

Prov. Conw canta el Abad, refpónde el 
monacillo : As the Abbat lings, fo the 
Acolyte, or the Clerk anfwers. To ad- 
vife men to good breeding ; becaufc 
tho' a man be a fuperior, if he gives 
! bad language, he may meet with 
I worfe 


good as ihe brought, much to the fame 


Prov. De cafa del Abad, comer y Ue- 
vár: At the Abbat's houfe eat and 
carry away. To fhew the great ho- 
fpitality of Abbats and churchmen, and 
efpecially their charity to the poor,' 
who have enough to eat and carry a- 
way. ' 

Prov. Abad y Ballejléro : An AbbaC 
and Crofs-bow-man, or, as we now 
fay, a Gunner. A reflcñion upon 
churchmen, who prefumc, contrary to 
the canons, to follow hunting, or 
fuch like fports. A ge'neral term to 
exprefs a icandalous churchman. 

Prov. Adelante ejla li cafa del Abad í 
The Abbat or the Curate's houfe ¡9 
farther on. An uncharitable way of 
refufing any thing that is asked, as 
laymen U)'d to da by pilgrims, or o- 
thcr poor, fending them away to the 
Curate's or Religious Houfcs. 

Prov. Abad avariento por un bodigo 
pierde ciento : A coVctous Curate lofes 
an hundred loaves or cakes to get one. 
This is when the Curate quarrels with 
a parifhioner for not offering, and he 
never offers after. ^°^ unlike, AH 
covet, all Icfe. 

Prov. Abad ^e carfuéla ccm^il Jx 
¿Ua, pedis la cacucla: Curate of par- 
cuéla eats up the pot, and asks for the 


pipkin. This was fome very ^.j 

curate of that place, from whom it be- 

bur fcolds fay,' I save her as I came a provtib, applied to any maa 

'' " B that 


xhat has had much, and Aill covets 

Prov. MaJ laUguéro, tened el cuello 
quedo: Fawning Abbat, hold your neck 
Hill. Applied to any man that is over 
ceremonious, cringing, and fawning, 
and ufej many indecent actions with 
his head. 

I'rov. §uátido elAbiid lame el cuchillo, 
mal f am el monacillo: When the Cu- 
rate licics the knife, it's bad for the A- 
colyte or Clerk. It's a fign the com- 
mons are fliort : and when the nialter 
farts ill, it muft be worfc with the 

S. Aba'd, a port in the i^rcat ifland 
oí California, on the back of í*r/¿ j4w;e- 

Aca'da, a bead in the Eajl-Indies 
of a i;reat bulk, cover'd with a fort of 
Ihells or fcales like armour, and proof 
againll any weapon, and having one 
horn in the forehead; commonly call'd 
a Rhinoceros. 

Aeade'jo, that ibrt of fak-fiih we 
call Poor Jack ; the bird call'd a Wag- 
tail ; and the fly we call the Sfanip 
Fly, or Canlharis, us'd for railing blif- 

A bade'nco, belonging to an Abbat; 
the territory belonging to an Abby. 

Aeade'sa, an Abbefi of aMonafte- 
ry of religious women. 

Abadía, the dignity of an Abbat, 
or an abby. 

A BAH ADO, clofe cover'd, fo that 
the (learn is kept in. 

A BAH A R, to cover clofe, to keep in 
fteam, and therefore ibmctimcs ufed 
for llifling, becaufc that keeps in the 
breath. From báho, the fteam, 

Aeaja'r, vid. Ahaxar. 

Abai'els, a ridge of high moun- 
tains in South America. 

Aba'jo, vid. Abáxo. 

Abai.a'do, Obf, loofc, puffy, not 
lying clofe. 

Abalanca'do, put or thruft for- 
fvard, hazarded. 

Abala.v^ado'r, one that thrufts 
forward, or hazards. 

Abalaní a'r, Pref. Abalando, aba- 
linpas, abalanfa ; Impcrf. Abalan fáva ; 
Prct. Abalancé, abalanfajle, abalancé; 
Imp. Ahalánca ; to put forward, to 
venture, to hazard ; faying or doing 
any thing without coniidcration. From 
the Creek bailo, to call or throw. 

Abaldonado, icproach'd, ill fpo- 
Jcen of; alio IlS Mandcnado, abandon'd, 

Aealdona'e, to tai'nt, to caft re- 
proaches upon one, to give ill language. 
piom halMn, a reproachful word. It 


is alfo found Ibmetimes for Abandonar, 
to abandon or forfakc. 

Aballar, to move any thing with 
dilliculty, to put away with force. 

Abalorio's, bugles. 

Aea'na, vid. Havana. 

Abana'do, fann'd. 

Abañador, a fen, or one that fans. 

Abana'r, to fan. 

Abanca'y, a fmall river in the 
kingdom of Peru in America, which 
falls into the great river Mara'ión. 

Aba'n(|03 or jíWwfc, advance-money, 
this is paid beforehand. 

Abandira'do, a Ibldier or an en- 
fign's fervant that carries the colours 
for him ; a iliip, or any place that is 
adorn'd with many colours, flags, and 

Abande'rar, to hang or adorn a 
place with colours and lireamers. 

Abandonado, caft off, forfaken, 
abandon'd, given over. 

Aeandona'r, to abandon, forfake, 
caft off, or give over. 

Abanica'rse, to fan one's felf. 

Abani'co, a fan, fuch as women 

Abanillo, a fan. 

Aeani'no, a Cnall fort of ruff or 
gorget, formerly worn by women in 

A'eano, any ibrt of fan. 

Ab ANT a'l, an apron. \iá.Avantál. 

Abanta'r, to row on, to pafs for- 

Aba'q.i;e, afmall ifland on the South 
fide of Hi/panicla in the TVeJl Indies. 

Abarata'do, cheapned, or become 

Abaratadór, one that cheapens. 

Aearata'r, to fell cheap ; alfo to 
cheapen, or beat down the price of a 

Aba'rca, a fort of ihoes ufed by 
country people that live on mountains 
or rocky places. There are two forts 
of them ; the one made all of wood, 
fuch as the French call Sabots, cilVd in 
Spanifli Abarcas, becaufe they are made 
like a boat, which they call Barca ; the 
other fort is of rawhides, bound about 
their feet with cords, which fecurcs 
them againft the fhow. 

ABARCA'oojfhod with Abarcas ; alfo 
grafp'd or fecur'd within one's arms. 

Abarca'r, to clafp in the arms, to 
rake together much wealth, to aiiume 
command, to afpire to honour Hence 

Prov. ^lir'n muelo abarca, poco a- 
priéta : He that grafps at much, holds 
faft but little ; or, All covet, all lofs 

Abarioa'r, to fail to windward, 


to gain upon a wind, to tack from fide 
to lide. 

Abarra'do, daih'd or flung againft 
a wall, or other place. 

Abarraganada, alewd woman,oi 
millrcis kept by one man, a whore that 
is ill keeping. Via. Barragán. 

Aearragana'do, a man that keeps 
a wench. 

Abarraganamie'nto, the lewd 
life of a man and woman who live to- 
gether in fornication. 

Abarragana'rse, to give one's 
felf up to live in fornication. 

Abarraja'r, or Abarraxar. vid. Ba- 

Abarrancade'ro, a fteep down- 
fall, a dangerous hill or rock, a preci- 

Aearranca'do, flicking in clefts 
or craggy places, or in bogs between 

Ar.ARRANC a'r, Vvef.Ab.trránco, Pret. 
Abarranqué; to fall or throw down 
headlong, to tumble off precipices, to 
nick in bogs. Met. To run one's felf. 
into dangers,, or troublefome bufinefs 
that is not to be got through. 

ABARRANCARE, vid. Aban'amár. 

Abarra^r, to daíh or fling againft 
a wall. 

Abarra'z, an herb call'd StavefacrCj 
or loufe-bane. 

Aearri'sco, wholly, altogether, 
utterly, perfeñly, throughly. From 
barrido, fwept clean. 

Aearro'tes, byEngliih failors call'd 
Dennage, being fmall parcels of goods 
to fill up the cavities in flowing of a. 

Aeasita'do, well furniih'd or pro- 
vided ; *C¿lfa abajláda, a houfe v.ell 

Abasta'nca, or Abafo, fufficiency, 
ftore, plenty. 

Aeasta'r, to ftore, furniih plenti- 
fully, or fiilly provide. 

Abastece'r, to furniih, provide, 
fupply, or ftore with provifions, or o- 
therwifc. *^*~ 

Abasteci'do, furniflied, provided, 
! fupply'd. 

! Abastiona'do, in the fliape of a 
I baftion, or fortified with ball ions. 

AbastioNa'r, to fortify with ba- 

Aba'sto, plenty, abundance, fuf- 
ficiency. ,Vid. Abajlár and Abújiánca. 

Abatanando, fuU'd or mill'd, as 
cloth is thicken'd. Vromhatari, aful- 
ling-mi 1. 

Abatana'dor, a fuller of cloth. 
Abatanar, to full or mill cloth. 


A B D 

Abatidame'nte, meanly, bafely, 
faintly, negligently, feebly, humbly. 

Abati DO, mean, abjc¿t,humble, dif- 
couiaged, difmay'd, low in fpirit, call 

Abatido'r, a pcribn that opprcflei 
or calis down others, or difcourages 

Abatí m i ií'nto, difcouragemcnt, 
diflieartening, debaling, humbling, call- 
ing down. In the lea-man's phrafe, 
leeward way. 

Abatir, to beat down, to difcou- 
rage, or call down, to debaft, to hum- 

Abatir la vatidera, to ftrike the co- 

Abatir la vandéra por gaindamáma, 
to flrike the colours, and hoilt thsm 
again as loon as run down. 

Abatirfe, to humble or fubmit one's 

Abatió/e el Gerifalte, the Gerfaulcon 

Abaxade'ro, a place to defcend or 
<X)nie down, as the fide of a hill, or 
the like. 

Abaxa'do, come down, or brought 
down, humbled, fet lower, abafed, 
leien'd, or diminilh'd. 

Abaxador, he that takes down, 
humbles, lelfcns, or abates any thing 

Aeaxamii;'nto, an humbling, de- 
bafing, leflening, taking down, or a- 

Abaxa'r, to come down, to floop, 
to bring down, to humble, to lower, 
to defcend. 

Abaxár la caliza, to hang down the 
head, that is, to fubmit or alfent. 

Abaxár Jos párpados, to wink. 

Abaxár los brios, to cool a man's cou- 

Ahaxár la marea, to ebb as the wa- 
ter does. 

Abaxár las rentas, to lower the re- 

Ahaxár «/ Halaln, [in faulconry] to 
jjjjjng down a hawk's fat. 

Abaxár el tono, to lower the voice, 
•or fet the tune lower. 

Aba'xo, below. 

De Dios abáxo, under God. 


Aebrbviatúra, vid. Ahreijiadúra. 

A B D 

Aedala', a Moorifli piopcr name of 
a man, íígnifying God's fervant. 

Aedala^i2, another Mooriih proper 
name of a man, íígnifying the fervant 
of the Powerful or Mighty. 

Abdicación, abdication, refigning, 


Abdica'do, abdicated, refigned, re- 

Aedica'r, to abdicate, to refign, to 


ABECt', the alphabet, a,b, c. 

ABtCLnA'Rio, the Hrll book in 
which children learn to read, like our 
Primer, ib call'd from the a, b, c. 

AbechÚcho, a bird of prey, the 
Taliel of a Sparrow-hawk. 

Abe'ja, a bee, fo call'd from the 
Latin apes. 

Prov. Abeja, y oveja, y piedra que 
trevéja, y pcndola tras oreja, y parte en 
¡a Igrcja, defféa a fu hijo ¡a viéja : The 
old woman wiíhes her fon bees, flieep, 
a working-ftone, (:hut is, a mili) a pen 
behind his car, (that is, a good clerk- 
fliip) and a place in the church ; be- 
cause thefe are all profitable things. 

Prov. §uándo fuga el abeja miel 
torna, y quando el araña ponfóiia : When 
the bee fucks, it turns honey ; and 
when the fpider, it becomes poifon. 
Apply'd to thofc who make ill ufe of 
good things, and convert them to bad 
purpofes, when others make the bell 
of thofe fame things. 

Abajarron, a fort of locuft that 
devours the leaves and buds of trees. 

Abejaruco, vid. Ahejeriico. 

Aeaje'ra, the herb call'd balm, 
gentle, or beewort. 

Abejeria, a place where they keep 
many bees. 

Aeejerúco, a bird that devours the 
bees, call'd a Witwall, or aWoodwall. 

Aeejilla, a little bee. 

Abejón, a bee that has lofl; its fling, 
a drone. 

Abejón jue'go, a fort of play a 
mong children, at which one cries Buz, 
and if the other is not watchful to pull 
away his head, he gives him a cuft on 
the ear. Thence Jugar con uno al abe- 
jón, is to make fport of, or make a jeft 
of a man. 

Abejona'zo, a great bee, orawafp. 

Abejorúco, vid. Abejeriieo. 

Abejue'la, a little bee. 

AbeJurÚco, vid. Abejerúco. 

Abemola'r, Obf. to foftcn, to fup- 

Abene'ncia, vid. Avenencia. 

Abenir, vid. Avenir. 

Abenruy'z, the name of a famous 
Arabian phylician, whence the 

Prov. Abenruyz y Galeno traen a mi 
cafa el bien agéno : Abenruyz. and Galen 
bring other mens goods to my houfe. 
The faying of phyficians, who by read- 
ing Abenruyz,, Galen, and other fam'd 
phyficians, get wealth. 

A B I 

Abenúz, the ebony-tree, a wood 
well known for its blackncfs ; it bears 
no fruit. This name 1 take to be Ara- 
bick, for the common Spaniih name is 

Aberiguación, vid. Averiguación, 

Aberigua'uo, vid. Averiguado. 

Aei'r, vid. Averiguar. 

Abertura, an opening, a chink, 
breach, or cleft ; a yawning ; a leak in 
a fiiip. In architc¿lure the doors and 
windows of a houfe are call'd Abertu- 
ras. From abrir, to open. 

Aee'so, bad, naught. Obf. 

Aeestializa'do, become bcaftly or 

AbesTializa'r, to make beaftly, 
or brutal, 

AeestrÚz, or Avefln'tz, an oflrich, 
the largcft of all birds, and therefore 
cannot tly, but makes ule of its wings 
to run the fafler : Its feathers make the 
fine plumes we fee put to feveral ufes. 

Abe'to, the fir-tree. From the La-, 
tin abies. 

Abetunando, daubed over with a-, 
ny glutinous fluft. 

Abetuna'r, to daub over with bi- 
tumen or any glutinous, flicking fluff. 
From betun, any fuch fort of daubing 

Abezadame'nte, knowingly, cuf- 
tomarily, like one that has been taught 
or ufed to a thing. 

Abeza'do, accuflom'd, ufed, inur'd. 

AEEZAMiE'NTo,accuftoming, learn- 
ing, inuring. 

Abeza'r, to accuflom, to inure, to 

Aee'zo, as Abezamiento. 
A B I 

Abia'r, to put into the way, alfb 
to prepare. Properly aviar, from via^ 
the way. 

Asia's, Abia, a proper name of a 
man in fcripture ; it fignifies the Fa- 
ther of the Lord, or the Will of the 

Abiatha'r, a fcripture proper name, 
and fignifies Excellent Father, or Fa- 
ther of the Remainder. 

Abibe, a ridge of mountains in the 
province of Vraba in South America; 
the length of it not known, but in 
ibme places io leagues over. 

Abjeción, abjcdncfsjvilenels, bafe- 

Abjl'to, abjecl, vile, bafe. Latin, 

Abiertame'nte, openly, plainly, 
manifeflly, evidently. 

Abie'rto, open, clear, manifeft, 
plain, evident. From the Latin aper- 

B J, Cridif* 

A B I 

Ctfilite ttlürlo, a term among mcr- 
chaius, ligiiifyiiig lull credit without 
any liniicaiioii. 

Abigail, a fcripturc proper name 
oF a woman, the wife oÍKibatCUirme- 
//(/, and afterwards of king Danid ; 
and another who was daughter toX?- 
ai, filter to Scr;;!a, and mother to yo- 
ab. It li^nifics. Rejoicing of the father. 
Abigarra'do \ 1 «TiDO, a garment 
of fcveral colours, liaili'd, that they may 
all appear, formerly worn by fbldiers ; 
itippofed to be derived from Lizano, 
that IS, fine or gay. 

Abicl'o, a driver of cattle ; proper- 
ly he that drives a whole tlock or herd 
to Ileal it. From the Latin abigo, to 

Abil, ovHabil, apt, fit, handy, pro- 
per, convenitnt, able. 

A'BiLA,or Abyla monte, the name of 
» mountain in A nek, oppolitc to ano- 
ther in Spain callM Calfe, both at the 
mouth of the Streights. The Moors at 
prcilnt call it Alcudia. Theft two 
mountaiiis arc the celebrated Hcrcuks's 
Pillars. The etymolc^y of Abyla is fiip- 
pofcd to be Hebreiv, lignifying a boun- 
dary, or limit of a country. 

Abilida'p, or Habilidad, ability, 
handinefs, capacity. 

Abilita'do, or Habilitado, made ca- 
pable, able, fit, cnipower'd, enabled. 

Abilita'r, or Habilitar, to qualify, 
to enable, to make fir, to capacitate. 

Abilml'ste, hanJily, dcxtrouily, 
fitly, with capacity or handineis. 

A E I L T A n A .M l'n TE, Or A'jUtadamén- 
te, bafcly, meanly, vilely, after an ab- 
ject manner. 

ABiLTA'no, or Avihado, debafcd, 
made vile and abjcñ. 

Abilta'r, or Aviltar, to debafe, 
to make mean, vile, or abjeft. From 
the Latin t lis. 

Ae 1 M E L e'c H, a fcripture proper 
name of a man, fignifying. Father 

Aeión, the bird call'd a martlet. 
^BiPi, a mountain in J?e«;Gr¿i»;zrf/r, 
abounding in emralds. 

ABiNT£STA'To,one that dies with- 
out making a will. From the Latin 

Aeiro'n, the fcripture name of him 
that mutiny'd with Datl an againftAio- 
fet, and was fwailow'd up by the earth. 
Abisabo, vid. Avfado. 
Abisa'g, the name of the beaurifid 
maid broi-ght to lie with king Daijid, 
when he was 'fa old he could not be' 
warm in his bed. 

Abi'sca, a prcn'ince in the kingdom 
*/ ?ir«, iu ¿Mih America. 

A B I 

ABism a'do, funk, deprcfs'd, caft in- 
to the deep abyfs. 

Abisma R, to link, to depreis, to caft 
into the abyis. From abifmo, the abyfs. 

Abismo, an abyfs, a bottomlcfs pit, 
a deep gulph, a deep valley. Met.WtW, 
or any profound thing that cannot be 
comprehended. Lat. Abyjftis. 

Abismales, the nails that fallen 
the iron head to a ipear, lance or pike ; 
lb call'd from abijnio, becaufe they go 
quite through. 

Abiso'n, vid. Avifon, 

Abi'spa, a wafp ; more properly 
(pelt avifpa, becaufe deriv'd from the 
Latin vefpa. 

AmsPADO, ftung by a wafp, wafp- 
illi, uncafy, nettled, provok'd or olicn- 

Abispa'r, to nettle, provoke, fret, 
or vex a man. In Cant, to fright and 
to cheat. 

Abispeda'r, in Cant, togazcflea- 

Abispe'ro, a neft of wafps. 

Abispillo rfert'W, therumpofabird. 

Aeispo'n, a hornet, a great wafp. 

Abissi'nia, the kingdom of that 
name in Africk. 

Abita'ble, inhabitable, that may 
be inhabited. 

Aeitacio'n, orHiii/Mcio'w, a dwel- 
ling-place, a manfion, or habitation. 

Abita'culo, a place of abode. 

A BIT a'do, or Habitado, inhabited. 

Abitado'r, ot Habitador, an inha- 
bitant, a dweller. 

Abita'nte, or Habitante, idem. 

Abita'r, or i/rt¿<í<T>-, to dwell, live, 
or inhabit in a place. Lat. habito. 

Abiti'llo, or HabitiUo, a little ha- 
bit, a little cufiom ; alio the habit or 
garment to be worn. Dimunitive of 

A'BiTO,or Hábito, a habit or cuilom ; 
alio a habit, fuch as religious men wear, 
and the diltindive badge of all orders 
of knighthood. Lat. habitus. 

Mudar abito, to alter one's courfe 
of life. 

Renunciar ¡os óbitos, to forfake a re- 
ligious Life. 

CnvaUero de abito, a knight of ibme 

Aeitua'do, habituated, accuftomed, 

Aeitua'r, to habituate,to accuflom, 
to inure. 

Abitu'd, habit, cufiom. Lat. ha 

Abiva'do, quicken'd, enliven'd, 
ftirr'd up, awakM, rouz'd. 

Abivador, one that enlivens, quic- 
kens, encourages^, or loures. 


^Abivamie'nto, a livening, quic- 
kening, rouzing, encouraging. 

Abiva R, to enliven, quicken, en- 
courage, or rouze up. 

Ahiiar colores, to make colours more 

Aliivár el ftit'go, to make the fire 

Abivar la brjfia, to quicken a beaft 
by (purring or whipping. 

Abivar pajjiónes, to provoke the paf- 

Ab'.var rencillas, to revive crudsjes. 

Abivasj o! Avivas, the vives, a dii- 
eale among horfes. 

A B L 

Abla', the axle-tree of a cart or 
waggon ; alio taken for labia. 

ABLANDA'DO,lbftned,iinooth'd, pa- 
cified, appeas'd, ailwageil, made gentle. 

Ablandado'r, one that loftcns, 
fmooths, or fooths, pacifies, appeafes, 
or ailwages. 

Ablandadu'ra, a ibftning, iboth- 
ing,, pacifying, or apptafiiig, 

Ablanda'r, to íóften, to iooth, 
flatter, appeafc, or pacify. From blan- 
do, íbft. 

Abla'nda higos, a *bft fellow, that 
is to be moulded every way. 

Ablenta DO, fan'd, or winnow'd 
like corn. 

Aelentadór, one that fans, or 

Abllnta'r, to fan, or winnow 
corn, or the like. 

Ablución, oí Alluición, a waíhing 
or cleanlíng. 


Aboba'do, or yiboiiado, foolifti, ama- 
zed, one gaping or gazing as allonilh- 

Abobamie'nto, ot Abovamiento, a- 
llonifhment, gazing as if one were be- 
fide hirr.felf. 

Aboea'r, or Abozar, to become 
foolifh, or make one a fool, or to 
make a man gaze as if he were befide 
himfelf. From bobo, a fool. 

Aeocada'do, bitten, or full 5?^ 
holes as if they were bit out. 

Abocada'r, or Abocadear, to bite, 
to fnap w ith the mouth, to bite out 
Pieces, or take out pieces as if they 
were bitten. From bocado, a mouthful, 
and that from beca, the mouth. 

Abocar, a term ufed by fportfmcn, 
when a dog feizes a partridge ; alio, to 
ipeak to a man, as 

Abocarfe, that is, for two to come 
mouth to n.outh, to confer» From bo- 
ca, the mouth. 

Alocar las virgas, to make fail the 
yards of a lliip, particularly in time. 



of battel ; to fcize them faft, that they 

may not tall. 

Aeochorna'do, cxce/Tive clofe and 
hoc, or overcome aiii fainting with 
txcefs of heat. 

Aeochorna'r, to overcome or fii- 
fle, to make faint wich excellive heat . 
From bochorno, a vehement clofe heat. 

Abofetea DO, ciift'd, box'J, buf- 
feted, btatcn on the face, or about the 

Aeofeteadór, one that cuffsjboxes, 
or butiets another. 

AbofjjTeadu'ra, ot Abofeteami'en- 
io, a b^xmg, cuthng or bufteting. 

AáOEETEAR, to cuft, box, buftet, 
or itrike on the face. From bofetada, 
a cv fr, or box on the ear. 

i'l dOGAci a, ihe office or duty of a 
ro'jr. kiior at iav\'; aJlb the practice or 

-', pleading, arguing, or 
<j.J ii., as'kwyers do. 

.1 coiinftlJor at law, or 
anvo... J ; aiiO-aii laterceiior or medi- 
atür I'loni the Latin advo atiis. 

¿'.oiuido flu lira, an ignorant pet- 

Aboga'lla, an oak-apple. 

Abogar, to plead as a co'-nfellor 
or lawyer dots. 

Aeole Noo, a pedigrecj a lineal ¿e- 
fcent of a faúiily , allb a paternal e- 
flate of a fami.y. From agudo, a 

Abolición, an abolifliing, annul- 
ling, or mailing void. 

Aboli'do, ab^lifli'd, annuU'd, or 

Acoli'r, to abolifli, to annul, to 
cancel, or vacate. Lat. 

Abolla'do, bruis'd, batter'd, crufh- 
ed, as things of metal that have bruifes 
or dents beaten into chcm. 

Abollador, one that bruifes, bat- 
ters, or makes dents in things. 

ABOLLA'Dos,rais'd work, or cmbof- 
fing in embroidery. 

^^Abolla'r, to bruife, batter, or beat 
«Sirs in things. From the Latin ¿i/;//, 
a morfel, or a lump, or an excrefcence. 

Abollona'do, full of bunches, 
flicking out, or knobs made \\ ith beat- 
ing, as in vefiels of metal that arc bat- 
ter'd out. 

Abollo na'r, to raife knobs or 
rifings on any thing with bruifing or 
beating. Etym. the fame as abollar. 

Aeolório, vid. Ahclcngo. 

Aeomina'ble, abominable, detefia- 
blc, loathfom, execrable. 

Abominación, abomination, detef- 
tation, loathing, abhorring. 

Abomina'do, abominated, abhor- 
jsd, deteiledj loathed. 


Aeomina'r, to abominate, to ab- 
hor, to dctelt, to loath. From tilt La- 
tin abomiihr. 

Aeona'do, one that has a good ac- 
count given of him, or that has Iccu- 
rity or bail given for him. 

Abonador, one that anfwers or 
fpcaks a good word for another ; alfo 
a fdi'cty or bail. 

A^onamil'nto, Ipeaking a good 
word, or giving a good charaiter of 
another, eiving lecunty or bail for him 
Abonanza, the clearing or break- 
ing up of the weather, and becoming 

Abonanca'r, to clear up, to grow 
fair weather. From bcnanca, fair wea- 

Abona'r, to fpeak a good word for, 
or give a good charafter of another, 
to be bound for one to bail a man. 
From bueno good, fb to make good. 

Abonar niercadiiria, to warrant goods, 
to anfwer tor their goodnefs. 

Abonarfe el tténrfo, the weather 

Aeonda'ncia, or Mundancia, a- 
bundance, plenty, liore. 

Abondanteme'nte, abundantly, 

Aeonda nte, abounding, plentiful. 
Alonda'r, to abouni.1, to have 
plenty, to be well Itor'd. From the 
Lat abundo, to abound 

Abondosame'nte, vid. Abondante- 

Aeomdo, or Abondóso, Obf. plen- 
tiful, abounding. 

Abono, giving a man a good word 
or character, being bound f-,r him. 

A.'jordadÚra, boarding of a fliip, 
or bringing a fliip clofe to the ftwre. 

Aborda'r, to lay a ihip aboard, 
or to board her as in fight; alio to 
bring her clofe to the fliore. From 
bjrde, the edge of any thing. 

Abordo, a fca-term, aboard, that 
is, in the Ihip. 

Aborígenes, ^iov^fCKM, the ancient 
inhabitants of that part of Italy where 
Kome was built ; fo call'd, as if they 
had been there from the beginning, 
and thence ufcd to exprefs the ancient 
or firit inhabitants of anyplace. From 
ttie Lat. aborigine, from the beginning 
Aeorra'r, to blot ont. Vid. borrar. 
Aborrasca'do, grown blulieiin;;, 
flormy, foul weather. 

Aborrasca'r, to grow bluftering, 
ftormy, foul weather. From borrafca, 
a tempeil, or i;orm. 

AborrecedórJ one that hates, 
loaths, or abhors. 

Aíorrlce'r, yd aborréfcoj to hate. 

A B R 

abhor, loath, or diilikc. From th* 
Lat. abborreo. 

Akoirecer los hué'uos, to fall off from 
one's friend tliip ; verbatim, to hate 
the eggs ; bccaufe birds leave their egg» 
when they find they have been hand- 

Aborrecible, hateful, loathfom. 

Aborrecido, hated, loathed, ab- 
horred, dillik'd. 

Aborrecisue'nto, hatred, loath-, 
ing, diliike. 

Aborresce'r, v\á. Aborrecer. 

AeoRRescido, vid. Aborrecido. 

Aeorrido, vext, diíguited, weary 
of one's life. 

Aborrir, to vex, torment, or dif- 
guil ; to be vex'd at one's felf, or ano- 

Aborta'do, which- is born Oi* 
brought into the world before its time, 

Abortadúra, an untimely birth, 
bringing into the world before its time. 

Aeorta'r, to bring forth before 
the due time. 

Abortivo, abortive, born befora 
the time. 

Aborto, a mifcarriage, bringing 
forth before time. 

Abortón, an abortive child, or o- 
ther creature born before its time. 

Abotona'do, button'd as a man's 
coat ; in trees it is budded. 

A BOTONADURA, buttoning, or the 
place on %vhich the buttons are faftned, 

Abotona'r, to button a garment j 
in trees, to bud. From hotán¡ a but- 
ton, or a bud of a tree. 

Abova'do, vid. Abobado: 

Aboveda'do, vaulted, or arched. 

Aeoveda'r, to vault or arch. 
A B R 

Abra', or Aura, there will be, or 
fliall be, the fiiture tenfe of aver, to 
have ; allb, it will come, but in thii 
fenfe Obf. 

'Abra, any opening, a creek of the 
fea, or an inlet into ttie land. Fronj 
abrir, to open. 

Aera^a'da, an embracing, hugging, 
cr claiping in the arms. 

Abraca'do, embrac'd, hugg'd, of 
elafp'd in the arms. 

Abracador, one that embraces, 
hugs, or claips in the arms. 

Aera<^adores, in Sc-til, are meir 
hired to ñand in a place where the 
brokers fhops are, who lay hold o£ 
people that go by, and court them to 
buy fomething of thofe brokers. Hence 
it is alio a cant word amongft game- 
fters, to iignify thofe that r jK.^ i: their 
livelihood to i^o about to. draw gamc»- 

A B R 

Bers together to the giming-houfe. 

Abra^amie'nto, embracing, hug- 
ginij, or clafjiiii J in :hc arms. 

AbraijA'r, to embrace, to hugg, to 
clafp in the arms: alio to cncompals 
or hem in. From braioJ, the arms. 

Atr.icjr la op:n.én ¡If ¿Iro, to approve 
of, or follow another man's opinion. 

Abracar la razón, to aJhcre to rca- 
fon, or be pcrfuaJcd to rtafon 

A»ra\o, an embrace, a hug, clafp- 
ing one's arms about another. 

Abraham, the patriarch jlfcr.ii'.t»;, 
a proper name. 

ABRA'NTts, a town in Portiigal on 
the river T.Jgi<3, 6 leagues from Tomar, 
containing about looo houles, fends 
deputies to zhc Cortes. It is a duke- 
dom, and the title given to the cldcft 
Ion of the duke oí Aveiro. 

Aerasa'do, burnt, confuraed with 

Abrasador, one that burns or con- 
fumes with tire. 

Abrasadura, a burning. 

ABRASAMit'NTo,a burning or con- 
fuming with fire. 

Abrasa'r, to burn,toconfumc wi:h 
fire. From bra/a, a burning coal. 

Aerazade'ras, cramping-irons to 
hold faft flone or timber. From abra- 
far, to embrace, or clafp faft. 

Abre', or Am, I fliali or will have. 
Vid. Awr. 

Abre'go, the Ibuth-weft wind, 
corruptly fo call'd from the Latin A- 
fricuiythencc to the Spanilli termination 
Áfrico, and fo corruptly by ignorant 
iea-mcn to Ábrego, as may be icen in 
other words. Yet Covamibias derives 
it from rigo, to water, bccauic it is 
rainy. I kno%v F. yof. deAcoJla, in his 
Hat. Hifi. of the mjl Ind. lib. j. cap. 9. 
f . 5 3. l:ne i. fays. Viento Ábrego, o Sur, 
making thcíc two one and the fame: 
But this proceeded from his want of 
knowledge in terms of navigation, or 
a negligence in being particular ; fince 
the Ábrego is partly ibuth, and there- 
fore perhaps he thought himfelf not 
obliged to diftinguifti betwixt every 
point of the compals. Whatever was 
his motive, it is moft certain that A- 
brego is the fbuth-weil \vind, the due 
Ibuth being call'd J«r, or Aujlro. 

Abre'moSj we ihall or will have. 
'Vid. A'ji'r. 

A^-Rí6]os, OT Báxos tie Babueca, a 
parcel of rocks on the north fide of the 
idand nifpanicla 111 America. The name 
iignifcs, open your eyes; to denote 
that failors muft be watchful, and have 
their eyes open to avoid them. 

ABRtvADLROj a watcriiig-placc for 

A B R 

Abheva'do, water'd, or carried to 
drink as cattle are 

Abrevar, to water cattle. 

Abreviado, abridged, Ihortned, 
made brief, cut oft ihort. 

AuRLviADOR, an abridger, one that 
makes iV.ort ; aifo an oti^xer that dif 
patches the Pope's briefs. 

A B R E V I A Du R A , or Abreviamiento, a n 
abridgment, retrenchment, cutting oil, 
or ftiortennig, or writing with abbre- 

Abrevia'r, to make fhort, to be 
brief, to abridge, to cut oft fliort. 
From breve, Ihort. 

Abre'yro, a town in Pcrtugal in 
the diliriit of rilUreal, 5 leagues from 
Villafior ; it contains but 1 io houfes. 

Abridor, one that opens ; alfo an 
iron tool ufed to ilaich bands on. 

Abriga'do, kept warm, or warm 
clad, or clofe llielter'd from the wea- 
ther; in the fea-language land-lock'd, 
thr.t is, fo enclos'd with land, that no 
wind can hurt a ihip. 

Abriga'no, a place that isflieltcr'd. 

Abriga R, to cover warm, to cloath 
warm,to flielter clofe from the weather. 

Abrigo, covering or cloathing 
warm ; any covert againlt the weather, 
but more particularly againil cold. 

Ai'.RiL, the month of April. Lat. 

Prov. En Abril no quites f I : In April 
do not take oft" a thread. That is, tho' 
the weather be hot, leave ofi^no cloaths, 
becaufe the weather is yet uncertain. 

Prov. Abriles y Condes los mas fon 
traydóres : Aprils and Earls, moft of 
them are traytors. April is a month 
of very uncertain weather, which gives 
it that reputation ; and great men ea- 
fily fly in their king's face. 

Prov. Ahrt'l y Mayo li Uave de todo el 
am: April and May are the key of all 
the year. That is, as they prove, you 
may cxpeft from the year. 

Prov. Abril facalas del cubil, y pune- 
las en el hajiil: April brings them out 
of thtir bed, and puts them upon ftalk. 
That is, the barley, which then fprouts 
out, grows to a Hem. 

Prov. Abril frio, pan y vino: A cold 
April, bread and wine : that is, it pro- 
duces bread and wine, becaufe it keeps 
the fpring back, and makes it the fafer. 
Yet others fay. Abril frio, nmchj pan y 
poco liino : A cold April, much corn and 
little wine. That is, it produces much 
of the one, and little of the other; be- 
caufe the corn requives to be kept back, 
and the vine ihould be more forward. 

Prov. Abril frio hinche el silo ; mo- 
jado, silo y campo: A QcAá April fills the 


granary or barn, and a wet one the 
granary and the field. If it be cold, 
there is plenty of grain ; but if cold 
and Wet, fo much that the barns can- 
not heilJ it, it mull be left in the field . 

Prov. Ln Abril aguas mil: In April 
a thoufand lliowers. That is, it is a 
ihowery month. 

Prov. Abril frio, tortas de trigo : A 
cold April yields cakes of corn. That 
is, there is ib much that it clings to- 

Abrimie'nto, an opening, a dif- 

Abrinq.uina'do, ready to crack, 
or cleave afunder. 

Pared abrinquiñada, a wall that is 
cracking or opening. 

Abrir, to open, to diicovcr, to dif- 
clofe, to reveal, to cleave afunder, to 
expound. From the Latin aperire, to 

Ahrir lo feUado, to unfeal. 

Abrir mano de una co/a,xo deíiftfrora 
a thing. 

Abrir porti/lo, to make a breach. 

Abrir en cobre, to engrave on copper. 

Ahrir puerta, to give an opportunity, 
to make way. 

Abrir tienda, to open fhop ; taken 
in a bad ienfe for women when they 
firft expofe themfelves to be lewd. 

Abrir el ojo, to iland upon one'sguard, 
to be watchful. 

Abrir el tiempo, is when the weather 
clears up, and clouds break away. 

Abrir camino, to facilitate, to make 

Ahrir la mano, to receive bribes. 

Abrirfe la pared, is when the wall 

Abrir la cabeza, to break a man's 

Abrir a mo, to cut a man for the 

Ahrir el cuello, to drels a band, as 
was ufed in Spain. 

Abrirfe en las rafones, to explain 
one's felf. «^3.? 

Abroc ha'do, laced, buckled, faften- 
ed, but moll properly clafped together. 

Abrochadura, clafping, hooking, 
or drawing cloaths together. 

Abrocha'r, to hafp or clafp cloaths 
together, but ufed fometimes for any 
way of making thccQ faft. From broche, 
a claip. 

Abrogación, an abrogating, an- 
nulling, or making void. 

Abroga'do, abrogated, annulled, 
aboliihed, or made void. 

Abroga'r, Pr.T;f To abrogo, Prxt. 

To abrogué; to abrogate, to annul, to 

aboliih, to make void. Lat. abrogare. 

z jltrój*}. 

A B S 

Ahrojos, brambles, briars ; alio fuch 
as foldicrs call calthrops, chaulIetrapcSj 
or crows-fecc, being four pointed i- 
rons, fo made, that whatfocver way 
they fall, one point is always up : 
They are ufed to hinder the approach 
of cavalry, bccaufe they run into the 
horfes feet and lame them. 

Prov. §MÍén abrojos fiémbra, efpínas 
coje : He that fows brambles, reaps 
thorns. That is, if a man employ him- 
felf in mifehiefor idlenefs, he niuñ cx- 
peil a fuitable harveih No man can 
expctl to fow what is iifelefs £nd hurt- 
ful, and to reap any thing of value or 

Prov. §uié}' fiémhra alrrdjos, no ande 
defcaho: He that fows brarabks murt 
not po bartfoot. That is, he who 
lays fnares for others mull be upon his 

Aeróllos, fome little iilands, and 
a oreat parcel of rocks on the coalt of 
Brazil in America. So call'd, either 
from Ahre os olhos, open your eyes, to 
warn failors to be watchful of them ; 
or from Ahrolhos, brambles, in ?ortu- 
gi<efe, thofe rocks being as bad at fea, 
as brambles alliore to thofe that go 

Abroma'r, to weary, to tire, to 
confume. From broma, the worm in 

A E R o M a'd o, worm-eaten, tired, 
confumed, wearied out. 

Abromador, a tirtfom, confuming 
perfon , alfo a fpendthrift. 

Abroq.ulla'do, cover'd with a 
Ihield or target to ward off the ene- 
mies weapons. 

Abroquelarse, to cover one's 
body with a buckler or target againft 
an enemy, to ward off a blow. From 
broquel, a buckler. 

Abrótano, the herb fouthernwood. 
Lat. abrotanum. 

A B S 
AbscondÍdo, vid. Efionciido. 
^^bse'ncia, or Aiiféncia, abíence. 
Lat. abfeniia. 

Absíntio, the herb wormwood, 
Lat. Vid. Axéyixo. 

Absoh;ción, abfolution, remiíTion, 
fisrgivencfs or pardon of fins or often- 

Aesolve'r, Prif To alfuého, Prset. 
Ahfohi, ; to abiblve, forgive, difcharge 
lins or ofiences. From the Latin ab- 

Absoluto, abfolure. Lat. alfolutus. 

Aesorta'r el inptnio, to employ the 

wit, to plunge it fo that a man is bc- 

iides himfelf. From the Latin abfor- 

iersj to fwallow ug. 


Absorto, wholly taken up, wrap- 
ped in imagination, amazed. Lat. ab- 

Abste'mio, abficmious, one that is 
abllinent or fparing in his meat, drink, 
and other things. Lat. ahjlemius. 

Aestene'r, Prxf Abjléngo, abjlié- 
nes, abjiihie ; Pr-Tt. Abjitive, abjluvijle, 
ahjliiio ; Fut. Abjlendre, abjlendraj, ah- 
Jieridrá ; to abltain, to refrain from 
meat, drink, pleafure, or any other 
thing. From the Lat. ahjliiiere. 

Abstenido, abliain'd, rcfrain'd, 
kept back. 

Abstersivo, that may be wiped 
oft. From the Lat. ahjiergere. 

Aestine'ncia, abltinence, or for- 
bearing of meat, drink, pleafurcs, or 
the like. Lat. abjlinentia. 

Día de abjlinéjicia, a day of abfti- 
ncncc, is that which only obliges to 
abilain from eating of flefli, but is not 
a fall, which allows but one meal a 

Aestruso, abftrufe, hidden, con- 
ceal'd, profound. Lat. abflriifois. 

Abstuve, abjiuviéra,abjliívi'e£e, ab- 
jlúvo ; vid. a!Ji¿»ér. 

Absue'lva, abfuého, vid. abfclvér. 
Aesurdame'nte, abfwdly, prepo- 

Absurdo, abfurd, prepoflerous. 
Absv'nthio, the herb wormwood, 
Latin ahfyi.thium. 

Aeuba'do, one that has got the 
French pox. From bubas, the pox. 

Abubilla, a bird call'd a Hoope, 
that has a crelt from the bill to the 
neck, and delights in dung and filth. 

Aeuca'sta, a fort of Wild-duck, 
pretty large, and always found near 
the íéa. 

Abuca'stro, a tireibme difagreea- 
ble fellow. 

Aeuchorna'r, vid. abochornar. 
Abue'la, a grandmother, better 
ipelt agüela ; fee it there. 

Abue'lo, a grandfather, better Ipek 
agüelo, where fee more of it. 
Abue'los, any anceftors. 
A eue'ltas de'sso, together with 
that. It is properly two words, A 

Aeue'nas, fairly, by fair means. 
Two words, like the laft. 

A B u H a'd o, fwollcn, puffed up, 
bloated ; alfo fplenatick, morofe, ill- 

Abuhamie'hto, a fwelling, pufEng 
up, bloarins» , alfo fplenaticknefs, mo- 
rofenefs, or foppirti ill nature. 

Aeuha'r, to fweil, pun" up, bloat; 
alfa to be lpknatick,.juorofe, or in che 

A B Y 

mumps. From liih, an owl. 

Aeúlla, a bubble in the water. 
From the Lat. bulla. 

Abulta'do, bulky, grols, that has 
a great body. 

Abulta'r, to make a great bulk, 
to have a lai-gc body. From bulto, a 

A eÚlto, by the lump; as femar 
a bulto, to take a thing upon content ; 
comprar a bulto, to buy by the parcel 
without examining. But this is rather 
two words, a bulto, by the bulk. 

Abunda'ncia, abundance, plenty, 
great flore. 

Aeunda'n TE, abounding, plentiful, 
well ilored. 

Aeundanteme'ntf, abundantly, 

A fund a'r, to abound, to be plen-» 
tiful, to have great ftore. From the 
Lat. abundare. 

Aeundósame'nte, as Abundante- 
mente. Barbarous. 

Abundosida'd, abundance, plenty, 
great ftore. A word little ufed. 

Abundoso, abounding, plentiful, 
well flored, 

Aeura'do, burnt, fcorch'd. Bar- 

Aeura'r, to burn, to fcorch. Bar- 

AEuRE'NA,a diftriil in the province 
of Veragua in America. 

Aburra, a valley in the province of 
Pipayan in America. 

Aburrido, vcx'd, delperate, wea- 
ry of one's life. 

Aburrir, to vex, diflraft, or make 
a man weary of his life. 

Ahuirtr ¡os huevos la gallina, h for- 
the hen to take a dillafle to her eggs, 
and not fit upon them any more. 

Abusa'do, abufed, ill employ'd^ 

Abusa'r, to abufe, mifufe, mifem' 
ploy. From the Lat, abut or. 

Abusión, abuíe, mifemploying, mif- 
applying; alfo fuperftition. 

Abuso, zsAbufón, the abufe of any 

A BUT a'r da, a buiiard, lb call'd ftora • 
the Lat. avis tarda, a How bii'd. 
Aeuva'do, vid, Abubado. 
AbuviLla, vid. Abiibília, 

A B Y 
Aeydo, the fortrefs of Abydos in 
Afia, oppofite to Sejlos in Europe, on 
the HeUefpont, both of them call'd the 

A'eyla jmÓnte, vi¿. 'Ahila, 
AEY'scA,a province in the king<?am 
of Peru in America, ■ 

A'C A 


A C A 

Acá', Ii'uhci'. 

g»r .ii.j, hucabouts. 

jii>\ y MhUa, hithiT and thiihcr. 

AcABAriAMi; NTi> coinjil>.atl_Vj pcr- 
ftitly, ablb! 

Al >ea'i>o, ciidcd, finiíliMj com- 
p!cat, perfect, concIuji.ll, JliJ. 

Acá ba'r, to make an end, to con- 
clude, to fin ill), to perfect, to aecom- 
pliih, to depart out of this life. 

"Kafuiilo acabar con el, I cannot pre- 
vail with hiiii. 

AcaLe acra tie Ikgar, I am but juil 
come this moment. 

Aca'bo, at the end, in conclufion. 
Properly two words, A cabo. 

A cabo dc rato, after a while, after 
ibmc time. 

Prov. A cabo de cié» años, lodos fert- 
rnos fahos : \Vc fliall be all fafe an 
hundred years hence. That is, we 
ihall be out ^i all troubles and dangers. 
We often f.iy. It is all one an hundred 
years hence. 

Prov. A cabo de cien años, marido foys 
fárco: After an hundred years, huf- 
band you are wall-cy'd. That is, when 
one finds out a thing that is very ob- 
vious to every body, and could not be 
conceal'd, it is ridiculing the difcove- 
ry; as if a woman ihould, after being 
married many years, find out that her 
husband was wall-cy'd. 

Prov. A cabo de cien á~:os los reyes 
fon lilíános, y a cabo de ciento y diez 
Jos viUanos fon reyes: At an hundred 
years end kings become clowns; and 
at the end of an hundred and ten, 
clowns become kings. This denotes 
the power of time, and inftability 
of human aflairs, which raifc pcafar.ts 
to thrones, and cail down royal fami- 
lies among peafams. 

AcACAN', a water-carrier, that car- 
ries water about tlu. ftreets on an af;, 
to fell. Arabick, from the •worAfccaic, 
to give drink or water ; derived from 
the Hebrew/if/!/', lignifying the fame. 

Acacay'z, VÁAlcaduz. 

Acacha'do, fc]uattcd down. 

Acacha'r, to fquat down. 

Aca'c I A, a thorny plant or ihrub, 
which bears leaves like rue. There is 
another fort %vhich grows into a tret, 
and out of its feed is made a liquor 
uied in phyfick, and for want of it 
apothecaries ufe the juice of (lots. La- 

A ca'da uno, to every one. 

A cada pájfo, at every Aep. 

A cada iredo, at every diflance. 
' A cada ptiérp le llega fu San Martín : 
Ei'ery hog has his St. Martins day ; be- 

A C A 

caufc on that day they kill hogs. We 
iiy, hviry oog his day. 

aija'd/, a Ipade. Some will have 
It to be derived fioni afaa, becaufe it 
cuts ; but Co-jarri'.bias brings it from 
the Hebrew viaat fad, being an ax al- 
fa, and then we n.uK cait away the m. 

Ae.AUL iMiA, an academy. Plato's 
fchool in Aliens .was firil call'd bv this 
name ; now it is any place arts or ici- 
tnces are taught in, or where learned 
men meet. 

Acade'mico, a member of an aca- 
demy, a fcholar or a mailer. 

Aca'dia, a province in the north- 
eall coalk of America, beuig part oiSav 
prance. It is a pcnnifula. 

AcADiLLO, a little fpade; the dimi- 
nutive of Afada. 

AiADON, a fpade. Sec Acáda above. 

Prov. Vreffanie un acadon, yo a ios 
taii/bic'n, no •aiéne bien miigér: Lend me 
a fpade, and I you alfo ; this does not 
hang well together, wife. This they 
fjy, w hen one anfwers nothing to the 
purpofe, or gives fome account that is 
incoherent in it felf. The ground of 
the proverb, they fay, was this : A man 
told a woman he loved her ; Üic an- 
fwer'd, and ib do I you ; the husband 
overheard her anfwer, and afterwards 
ask'd her what the man had faid ; fhe 
told him, he ask'd to borrow a fjiade; 
whereupon the husband reply'd. Lend 
me a fpade, andfodo I you, do not hang 
well together. 

Acabona'da, a flroke of a fpade, 
or the depth that a fpade cuts at once ; 


A tres acadonadas fe hallara agua, 
you'll find water at three cuts of a 
fpade; to expreG the water is very 
near at hand. 

ArADON'A'zo, a great Ipade, or a 
blow with a ipade. 

A^ADONciLLO, OT!o, a lit- 
tle fpade ; the diminutive ot'Afado'n. 

Acadonea'r, to dig, or delve. 

AcADONt'RO, one that works with 
a ipade, a digger or delver. 

AcAnúz, an aqueduft,- any conve- 
niency to convey water. Vid. Akadúz. 

Acaecií'r, to happen, to chance, 
to fall out. From the Latin accidere. 

Acaecido, happen' d, chanced, fall- 
en out. 

Acaecimip/nto, an accident. 

Acaesce'r, vid. Acaecer. 

Acaía'tf, a Ibrt of fiat basket, or 
voider ihc ladies ufe for their linnen 
cr cloaths ; a table-basket. The Arabs 
fay it is derived from their word fa- 
pla, a porringer, or deep veifel ; but 
CovarrHbias will have the radix to be 

A C A 

the Hebrew word f»pl>y the general 

name of all vcflcls. 

AíjAfra'n', faftron. From the Ara- 
bick zabafaran; CovarruLias {zys, from 
the Uehvew fapl'ar, beautiful, becauic 
it is of a golden colour. 

Acafran Romt, bahard-faffron. 

Acai-rana'i., a field where faíFrcn 

Acafrana'ro, drcfs'd or dy'd with 
faftron, or of a laftron-colour. 

Acaírana'r, to drefs or dye with 

A^aga'ya, a javelin to caft. From 
the Arabick cegace, to call. 

Ai^agua'n, an entry to a houie, a 
porch. Vid. caguán. 

Acaiia'r, vid. Azahar, 

Acá la', the ATíorí religious worfliip, 
their prayers and ceremonies. 

Acala', «a difirid in the province 
of J'era Paz in Ncrth America. 

Acalca'do, prefTed clofe together. 

Acalca r, to prcis clofe together. 

Acall'ja, or Azaleja, a towel to 
wipe iiands with. Arabick. 

Acalla'do, ftill'd, quieted, appeaf- 
ed, filenced. 

Acalla'r, to flill, quiet, appeafe, 
filence, to hulh as they do children. 
From callar, to hold one's peace. 

.'\calma'iio, calm'd or Itill'd. 

Acalma'r, to calm or flill. Froia 
calma, a calm. 

Acalora'do, warm'd, heated, made 

Acalora'r, to warm, heat, or 
make hot. From calor, heat. 

Acamoda'r, vid. Camodar. 

Acampa'do, encamped, lying in the 
field. . 

Acampa'r, to encimp, to lye in 
the field. From campo, a field. 

Acampea'r, as Acamfar. 

AcANA',a fort of tine wood brought 
from the Wefl h.dies of a very deep red. 
The name is Indian. 

AcANAHORiAs, vid. fanahorias. 

Acanala'po, made with, gutters or 
channels, as pan-tiles, or other tUSS^ 
to carry oft water. In columns or the 
like, \\here it is ornament, we call it 
fluted. ■ 

Acanala'r, to cut in gutters or 
channels ; in columns and cai-v'd- 
work call'd fluting. From canal, a 

Acaxa'les, in gutters or channel?, 
or a fluted column. Properly they are 
two words. 

Acanela'do, of a cinnamon co- 
lour, or drefs'd with cinnamon. From 
canela, cinnamon. 

Ac A Nil- 


AcaNilia'do, interwoven with 
canes, or rccJí, like watüiig, or any 
thing üonc after that manner. 

PaP.o Oi-.n-l/ailo, a coarfe fort of 
cloath with great threads like rcecii. 

Acañaverea'do, pierc'd, prick'd, 
or wounded with the points of canes 
or reeds. 

AcañavereadÓr, one that pricks 
or wounds others with iharp canes or 

Aca.saverea'r, to pierce, prick, 
or wound wLh Ihaip canes or reeds, 
which was fornierly i.fed to make cri- 
mináis conte£j runiiing Iharp rteos be- 
tween their nails and their flelli. from 
ca-a, a Cane or rctd. 

AcAÑoNtAnOj cannonaded, batter- 
ed with cannon. 

Aca.sonea'k, to cannonade, to bat- 
ter with cannon. 

Acantara'do, meafured out by 
pitchers, alio llruck with a pitcher. 

Acantara r, to meafurc out by 
pitchers, aifo to llrike with a pitcher. 
Prom ( iintaro, a pitcher. 

ACA NTi.o, a ort of thiitle .ail'd 
in Enghfii btars-fbot, or bears-ciavv. 
Lat. acatithia. 

Acantila'do, flreightnedj hard 
preis'd, drove tor.ectihty. 

Acantila'r, lo Itreighcen, to prefs 
hardj to drive to nccelhty. i'ioaitan- 
to, a corner; as if a man were drove 
into a corner, where he could not help 

Acapa'do, muffled up in a cloak. 

Acapa'r, to murRe up in a cloak. 
From cafa, acloak. 

Acatarrado, flirowded or fliel 
ter'd under another man's cjoak, taken 
into another's prcttdion. 

Acaparra'r, to llirowd or ñielter 
under another's cloak, to put under 
another's prottftion. From cafa, a 
cloak. A word not much us'd. 

ACAPisTLt, a town in 'Se-w Spain. 

AcapÚlco, a city in the kingdom 

of New Spain, and its gi eat port on the 

^^outh Sea, where they always embark 

for Pfr«»and the Phlppine illands, in 

about 17 degrees of north latitude. 

A^a'r, vid. 

Acara'do, confronted, brought face 
to face ; alfo ciAUitenanced, as hien a- 
carado, «ell countenanced, that is, one 
who'iias .1 good face. 

Acara'f., to confront, to bring face 
to face. fri::n cara, the face. 

A^aranda'do, fifted. 

A^aranda'r, CO lift. From ca- 
rnndc. J fieve. 

AcarcoK, vid. Azarcón. 

Acardenala'do, full of fears, beat- 


en or wounded fo that the (cars re- 

Acardenaia'r, to makeicarf, to 
beat or wound ib that the fears remain. 
From cariie>, a icar. 

Acaricia 00, much made oi^ treat- 
ed tenderly. 

Acaricia'r, to make much of, to 
treat tenderly and afl'edionately. From 
caricia, loving and endearing ufagc. 

Acarna'nia, the ancient name of 
a province in Lpinis in Greece, once 
famous for fine hoi les. There was al- 
fo a city of thij name in Sici/y. 

AcAROTi, 1-1 Azaróle, the name of 
a tree in Ptrjia, not unlike that which 
yields the frankincenfe. 

Acarreadizo, that may be, or is 
brought or earry'o. 

Acarreando, brought or carry'd. 

Acarreador, one that brings and 

Acarreadúra, bringing or carry- 

AcARREA'R,to bring or carry. From 
carro a cart, as things brought or car- 
ry'd in a cart. 

Acarre o, carriage. 

Acarre'to, vid. Acarreo. 

Acarrila'do, put into the way. 

Acarrila'r, to put into the way, 
or into the track. From carril, the 
crack carts leave in the road. 

taced, or tnat has great cheeks. 

Acarrila'r, to grow full chesk'd, 
plump-faced. From carillo, a cheek. 

Aca'so, by chance, accidentally, ca- 
fually. Tliey are properly two w^rds, 
A cafo. 

Acata'do, refpefted, honour'd. 

AcatadÚra, the countenance, pre- 
fence, aipeft, or face. 

Acatamil'nto, prefence, afpcd ; 
alio reverence, refpect, honour. 

Acata'r, to rcfpedt, honour, reve- 
rence ; alfo to behold, to look upon, 
to view. From catadura, the counte- 

•Acatar.ra''do, that has taken cold. 

Acatarra'rse, to take cold. From 
coimro, a cold. 

Aca'te, the precious none com- 
monly call'd a cat's eye. 

AcATLAN, a fga-port town in the 
province of Mccloacan in North America. 

Acavala'do, made even, made up 
of what was deficient. 

Acavala'r, to make even, to make 
up what was deiicicnt. From caí-ál, 
compleat or entire, without deficiency. 

Acavalla'do, great, bulky, like a 

Acava'llo, on horfeback, Pro- 

A C C 

pcrly two words, A cavallo, 
Acava'r, vid. Acabar. 
Acaudala'do, rich, wealthy, well 


Acaudaladór, one that gathers 
wealth, or makes up a liock. 

Acaudalar, to grow rich, to ga- 
ther wealth, to lay up a flock. From 
caudal, a flock. 

Acaudilla'do, lead, conduced as 
foldiers by an otficer. " 

Acaudillador, one that leads or 
conducts, as an othccr does foldiers. 

Acaudilladúra, or Acaudillamien- 
to, leading, condufting, as oiHcers do 
their foldiers. 

Acaudilla'r, to lead, conduit, or 
command, as an officer over foldiers. 
From caudillo, an officer or commander. 

AcAxÚTLA, a fea-port town on the 
South Sea, north of the bay of Fonfica, 
in the province of Cuatimala in Ameri- 
ca, about 7 leagues from the city of 
St, Salvador, and between tho'c of 
New Leon and Santiago de GuatimaU, 
in about thirteen degrees of north la- 

Acayrela'do, adorn'd with fquarc 
loops or laees, or needle-work. 

Acayrela'r, to adorn with fquarc 
loops or laces, or needle-work. From 
cayrél, a fine fort of loops put on the 
edges of cloaths, or made in needle- 

A C C 

Acca'dia, a province in North A- 
merica, part of New trance, in about 
4') degrees of north latitude. There is 
alfo a fmall city in the kingdom oíNa- 
ples of this name. 

Accaraig, a town in the province 
oí Parana in South America, on the ri- 
ver Parana, otherwifc call'd the Na- 
tivity of our Bleffed Lady. 

Acci.PciÓN, accepting, allowing, 

Accession, acceffion, increafc, 
coming or adding to ; alfo the fit cr 
paioxyfm of a fever, otherwife call'd 
Accidente, the Spanifh phyficians uling 
both terms indifferently. From the 
Lat. accejfio, an increafe or addition. 

AccE sso, an addition, alfo accefs, 
and an avenue cr way to a place. From 
the Lat. accejfuj. 

Accessor, one that adds or con- 
fents to, an acceflary.'nte, acceíTarily. 

AccESsÓRio, acceílary, or confent- 
ing, or alliliing to. 

Accide'n'te, the fit or paroxyfln 
of a fover, or any other fit of a dif^ 
eafe ; alfo an accident. From the La- 
tin accidere, to happen. 

C AccióNg 


Acf los, a deed, an aflion ; alio 
tlic title or claim a man has to any 
thing. It is alio an action at law, or 
ail acci:rjtion laid againlt a nun. 
Accomoda'do, vid. Aiomodadi). 
Acccmoda'r, vid. A-iiniodar. 
AccKLDiTA DO, vid. Acreditado. 
AccosTtJMBRADO, vid. Accjium- 

Acea'r de Ivs Mens, a Moorilh 
ceremony, part of their devotions. 
Aci/bo, vid. Azcbo. 
AccBiicHt, vid. •Azebúihe. 
Act.cha'do, watch'd, cy'd, obfcrv- 
ed, fpy'd, or ptcp'd on. 

AcLCHADOR, one that is always 
watching, and prying, or oblcrving, 
or peeping. 

Aclchamii/nto, a watching, ob- 
fcrving, or prying, or peeping. 

Aci;cha'n(;a, a watching, prying, 
or peeping ; alfo a fnare laid to entrap 

Acecha r, to watch, pry, or peep 
into others adions. From the Latiu 
f^cfor, to follow. 

ActcHiA, vid. Acequia, 
Acecina'r, vid. Cecinar. 
Aceda'r, vid. Azedar. 
Acedí'ra, the herb forre!, fo call- 
ed from aze'do, fowcr. 

Acl'dia, lloth, Latin. Alfo as.íí- 

Ace'do, vid.AZf'do. 
Ace'falo, vid. Azéphah. 
Aceleración-, halle, fpeed. 
Acelera'do, hafty, fpeedy. 

AcELERAMit'xTO, hailing, ipeed- 

Acelera'r, to make haftc, to haf- 
tcn, to make fpeed. From the Latin 
accelerare, to haften. 

Ace'lga, the herb call'd white beet. 

Cara de acelga, a face that is of a 
grecnilh unufual colour. 

Acemite, or Azemite, the fineft of 
all the flower, of which they make 
fine cakes without leaven, and there- 
fore fitppofcd by fome to be derived 
from the Greek privati\'e a, and ftmi, 
leaven ; others fay, from the Arabick 
cenat, fine flower, and this is doubt- 
]cfi the true etymology. 

Acencey'ra, a town in Portugal, 
ebout a league and a half from Tomar, 
containing but one parini, and about 
\llo hoiifcs. 

Acendra'do, pure from all drofs, 
refined, excellent, pcrfeft. 

Acekdradúra, the refining of gold 
cr filver. 

Acen'dra'r, to refine diver or gold, 
to clcanfc, purify, or bring to pqr- 
fcition. - 


Ace'ña, a water-mill, iiid. Jiafma. 
Acende'r, vid. Encender, 
Acendie'nte, a forefather, an an- 
ccllor.'ro, a miller of a water- 
mill, but not of a wiud-mill ; for he 
is call'd Molinero, 

Acensa'r, vid. Acen/uar. 
Acensua'do, an cllate that has the 
charge of an annuity on it, or the like. 
AcEN'suA R, to lay a charge upon 
an ellatc, as an annuity to be paid out 
of it, or the like. From cenfo, a rent, 
tax, or duty. 

Ace'nto, an accent, the manner of 
pronouncing a lyllable long or iliort, 
or the placing the ilrefs of the voice 
on it. From the Latin accentiis. 

Acentuar, to accent, to found the 
accent, or fet a mark on it. 

Acepa'r, to grow up to a ftalk. 
Acepción, accepting, admitting. 
Ace'fhalo, any thing that wants 
a head or beginning. From the Greek 
acephalos, headleis ; as 

Libro acéfhalo, a book that wants 
the beginning. 

Vérfos acéfhabs, a íbrt of heroicks 
that begin wnh a ftiort fy liable ; alfo 
fag ends of vcrfes. 

Heréges -acéchalos, a Ibrt of ancient 

hcreticks, fo call'd, becaufe it is not 

known who was the firlt that Itarted 

their herefy : They alferted there was 

but one nature in the pcrfon of Chrilt. 

Acepilla'do, planed. 

Acepillador, one that planes, as 

joyners and carpenters do with a plane. 

Acepilladuras, ihavings of wood, 

fuch as are taken ofi' with a plane, 

when wood is planed. 

Aclpilla'r, tofmouth or plane, as 
joyners do with a tool call'd a plane. 
From cepillo, a plane, 
Acepta'r, vid. Acetar. 
Acequia, an open trench, ditch, 
or water-courfe, that ftrves to convey 
water to mills, or to water the ground. 
The great ones made to drain the fields 
are called Madres, that is, mothei's ; 
the fraall ones that run into them Hi- 
juelas, that is, little daughters ; the 
labourers that make them ^Paleros. The 
word acequia is Arabick, from the 
word zaquia, a watering-place, or 

Ace'ra, vid. Ilazéra. 
Acera'do, fteel'd, done with fiecl. 
Acer a'r, to flecl, or do with 

Acereamt/nte, harihly, bitterly, 
feverely, auilcrely. 

Ace'reo, harlh, bitter, auilere, fe 
yere. From the Latin acerbui. 


Ace'rca, near, or clofeby; allb 

Acerca'do, drawn near, approach- 
ed, come clofc at hand. 

Acercamie'nto, drawing near, or 

Acerca'r ; Vrxr. To acerco ; Prxt. 

To acerqué; to approach, to draw near, 

to be clofe at hand. From cérea, near. 

Ace'rcateme, draw near to me, 

come clofcr, approach me. 

Acerce'n, properly two words, but 
often fpoke and writ as if but one ; k 
fignifies to cut off cleverly clofe to the 
root or mark ; as. 

Cortar las orejas a cercén, to cut off 
the ears clofe to the head. From the 
Lat. circinus, a compaC, which marks 
out where workmen are to cut. 
Acerico, vid. Azeríco. 
Ace'ro, vid. Azéro, fteel. 
Acerrave'las, or Aferravélas, the 
cords by which the fail is made fail to 
the yai-d, call'd by Englifli failors the 

Acerta'do, that which is right, 
convenient, or proper. 

Acertador, one that is apt to do 
or take a thing right, to hit the nail 
on the head. It is alfo a Cant word 
for a blackHnith, whoie proper name 
is herrador, and becaufe errar fignifies 
to mils, or do things wrong, therefore 
fome give him the nick-name of acer- 
tador, that is, the man that doe: things 
right, or hits the nail on the head ; for 
lliould he drive them wrong, he would 
lame the horfe. 

Acertamie'nto, or rather Acierta, 
the hitting the work, or doing a thine 
right. ° ^ 

Acerta'r, Praf. Acierto, Prxt. A- 
cérte ; to hit the nail on the head, to 
do or take a thing right, to hit a mark, 
to give a true foliitlon to a cjuellion. 
From the Latin certus, certain, that is, 
furc aim, or the like. 

Ac ER ta'r, is ufed by taylors to ex- 
prels the putting and fitting together of 
the pieces they have cut out for a giJKLS 
ment, to few them together. This 
word is allb us'd to fignify what hap- 
pened accidentally ; as. 

Acerté a pajfar por aquí a tal tiempo, 
he happen'd to pafs this way at fuch a 

Ace'so, accefs. Lat. accejfus, 
AcEssoRio, acceflary, helping, or 
afliiling, but not principal. From the 
Latin accejforium, lignifying increafe, 
or addition. 

IAceta'ble, acceptable, well ap- 
proved of, or rcceiv'd. 


A C H 

AcíTACTÓv, acceptance, receiving 
any thing with a liking or aflci'tion. 

Aceta DO, accepted, well rccciv'd, 
or admitted. 

Aceta'r, to accept, to take in good 
part, to receive with a liking or af- 
fection. From the Latin accepto, to 
take ; but the Spaniards in this, as in 
many other words of this fort, cut cif 
the firft Í, becaufe they never pronounce 
two together, nor the p before the t. 
Acetar per/Unas, to be partial. 
'Ace'to, acceptable, grateful, pleaf- 
ing, well receiv'd. 

Acetosa, yerba, the herb ibrrel. 
Ace'tre, a brafi or copper bucket 
to carry water in, often ufed for that 
they carry the holy %\'ater in grtat 
churches. Taken aÚb for the fprinkler 
of the holy water, becaufe it is like a 

AcETRERiA, the place or flreet 
where the brafiers live, a brafier's 
iliop. Alio the place where hawks are 
kept ; in this fenfe more commonly ce- 

Acetre'rOj a bralier ; alfo a faul- 

Acevada'do, cloy'd with too much 
meat, cramm'd, furfeited. 

Acevadamie'nto, cloying with too 
much food, furfeiting. 

Acevada'r, to cloy with too much 
food, to fiu-feic. From ceváda, barley, 
given to cattle in Spain inftead of oats, 
as a horfe that is furfeited with too 
much barley. 

Acevila'do, mean, bafe, vile, of 
no repute. 

Acevila'rse, to become mean, bafe, 
vile, and of no repute. 

Aceza'r, to draw one's breath 
ihort and hard, as one does after run- 
ning, or Ibme fright ; the word taken 
from the veiy found a man makes 
when he breaths fb. 

Ace'zo, drawing the breath ihort 
and with difficulty. 
^AjEZÓso, one that draws his breath 
with difficulty, by reaibn of lome ob- 

A C H 
A'c h a, or rather Hacha, a torch, 
a flambeau; alio an ax. Lat afcia. 

AcHACA'no, a thing falfely pretend- 
ed, or laid to another's charge. 

Achaca'r, to make a pretence, to 
iirame an excufe, lo lay to another's 
ch arge. 

AcKACHÍcA, a town in Ke'u; Spain 

where there are iilver mines ; it is 1 8 

leagues north of Tlafcála, and about 

'the fame diftance nonh-eaft from the 

city of Mexico.. 

A C H 

Achacoso, one that is full of cx- 
cufes or pretences ; alfo a difcafed pcr- 
fon that is full of ailings. 

Achala'q.ue, a town and diftriit 
in the province of Flcriiia in North A- 
mcrica. Win oí the Apalacles, in about 
5 5 degrees of north latitude. 

Achancleta'do (japa'to, a fliooe 
put on with the heel down like a Hip- 
per, flipfliod. 

Aciiancleta'r, to put on the 
fliooes with the heels down like flip- 
pers. The word taken from the noife 
fliooes make in going when flipfliod. 

Acha'que, a pretence, an txcufe; 
alfo a diltempcr, an ailing. 

Prov. Aclaques de odre, qtie fabe ^a 
la pez: Pretences or cxcuícs of the 
skill, that talles of the pitch. In Spai)i 
they carry the wine in pitch'd hog- 
skins, and the wine often taftes of the 
pitch ; whence the proverb, which is 
apply'd to thofe who have always ex- 
cufes for their natural or habitual fail- 

I'rov. Al que mal háx.e minea le falta 
achaque : He that does ill is never with- 
out an excufe. 

Prov. Achaques al viernes, para no 
le ayunar: Ailings on Friday, to avoid 
falling. For loofe livers, who pretend 
to be fick on Fridays, that they may 
not faft ; thence apply'd to all others, 
who are framing excufcs and linding 
difficulties when they fliould do any 
thing that is againfi their inclination, 
or to avoid taking pains. 

Acharca'do, made a puddle, or 
marihy, a place full of puddles. 

Acharcamie'nto, the ftanding of 
water, and making puddles or plalhes. 

Acharca'r, to make puddles or 
plaflies. From charco, a puddle or plafti. 

Acheron, or Acheronte, the poets 
feign him to be the fon oi Ceres, got 
without a father, born in a dark den 
in Crete, who not daring to behold the 
light, went down into hell, where he 
was converted into a moft bitter river. 
Acheron fignifies void of joy. 

Achica'do, made leis, diminifli'd, 
taken into a lefi compafs. 

Achicadura, lellening, diminifli- 
ing, drawing into a leis compafs. 

Achica'r, to leflen, to diminifli, 
to bring into leis compafs. From chico, 

Prov. Achica compadre, y llevaréis la 
galga: Make it lefs, gollip, and you 
ftiall have the greyhound. A proverb 
apply'd to thoie who lie without mea- 
fure. It is taken from a great liar, 
who ask'd his friend to lend him a 
I greyhound to kill a hare as big as ¡- 

A C I 

calf. The other anfwcr'd, ifíhcweré 
fo big, his dog could not kill her ; up- 
on which he firli began to klltn her 
by degrees, the other iiiil faying, make 
her kis, and you fliall have the grey- 
hound, till the hare came to be ot liic 
common lize. 

AcHicoRÍA, the herb dandilyon. 
Achoca'do, kncck'd down, laid 
along, fcll'd. 

Achocadór, an unmerciful fellow, 
that knocks down or fells. 

AcHocAMBEY, oni: oí ihc LiicayciM 
iflands on the coalt of An:cr¡ca, 

Ackoca'rí VíxÍ. Achuico, Prxt. jÍ- 
choqué ; to knock down, to fell; alio 
to hord up much money. 

Achote; it has no other name ¡a 
Englifli or any other language, this be- 
ing the Indian name. It is a hard fub- 
itaace of a very deep red, formerly 
ufed to be put into chocolate to give it 
a good colour, and becaufe it is an ex- 
cellent pectoral. Ray, in his hiitory of 
plants, gives this account of it : The 
Mait-cau, or Rcu-cau tree, between 
a flirub and a tree, bears a fruit in 
a cod two or three fingers long, a- 
bout as big as a plum. In each cod 
there are thirty or forty feeds, or 
grains, each fallned to a little ilalk, in 
the ihape of a fliarp cone, flatted on 
both lides. The colour of thefe feeds 
or grains is a bright fcarlet ; they are 
damp v/ith a juice that dyes the hands, 
if they touch it. Thefe feeds new ga- 
ther'd are foft like th&fe of an apple ; 
when dry, they lurn of a deep red ; 
thefe ground with water, and made up 
into balls or cakes, are fent over into 
Europe. Thus far Ray, who calls it 
Ackwtl ; but the true name the Spani- 
ards call it by is Achate. This fteep'd 
in urine dyes linnen fb that it never 
waihes out. 

A c H u c H a'r, to prefs or fqueeze 
clofe together. 

Achue'co, vid. Achocar. 
Achueca'dOj vid. Achocado. 
Achuecadór, vid. Achocadór. 
Achue'la, a cooper's addice, or á 
little hatchet. 

Achuga'r, to bind or prefs hard, 
to ram down, to thrufl down in mea- 
furing, to wedge, to fliore up. 

AcHusi, a port in P/w<ii upon thq 
gulph of Mexico, 

A C I 
Acia'i, a hair rope made faft to a 
ftrong flick, us'd by farriers in Spain to 
hold unruly horfcs by the nofe, inftead 
of our barnacle. Some will have the 
word to be Arabick, others Hebrew. 

C a Pror. 

A C I . 

Piov. Mas fuéde acial, que fuer {it de 
tfíiah The barnacle can oo more than 
itic Itrength of ihc farrier. That is, 
towarJj hoUling the horie. It is equi- 
valent to, Policy goes beyond lircngth. 
Acialca'car, a town in yhi.itlujia, 
5 leagues firbni SiwI, containing about 
)0o houfcs. It is a marquifate, and 
in the noble family of Alvamdo. 

Ac [BAR, the purging drug made of 
the juice of the plant Aloes. It is call'd 
Jlcei, or Alo.7, in Greek, Latin and En- 
glilli ; ylfii/ij, by the people of Decan 
and Giizarat ; Catecomcr by the Cana- 
rincs; Azevre, or Azevar, by the Por- 
tiiguefcs, who call the herb it is taken 
frOLn B.r'ua Babofa. Much of it grows 
in Cambiiya and Bengala ; but the bell 
in the iliand Socoura near the Red Sea, 
whence it is call'd Aloes Sccotrina. The 
Arabs call ic Cebar. Thus iir Acojla in 
his natural hiliory of the Eajl Indies. 
Ovamtbias adds, that the name acíbar 
is derived from the Arabick fcahar, fig- 
nifying patience, to denote that the lick 
perfon who takes it rauft have patience 
to bear with itscxtraordinary bitternefs. 
But there is no need of fetching it fb 
far, when the Arabick name of itjCfW, 
is a nearer and better etymology. 
Acieara'do, bitter'd with aloes. 
Acieara'Rj to make bitter with 

Aciearra'r a ¡a pared, to dafti 
againil a wall. 

A<;icala'do, polifh'd, burnifli'd, or 
fet out to the belt advantage. 

A^ic Ai.ADOR,a poliflier,a burniflier. 
Acicaladura, poliíhing, burniíh- 
Lig, or fetting out to the belt advantage. 
ACICALA R, to poliih, burnilli, or 
fet out to the belt advantage ; to Ihar- 
pcn the edge cf a fvvord. From the 
Latin acies, an edge. 

Acica'tes, fpurs which have a long 
broad point flicking outinftead of row- 
els ; ufed in Spain by gentlemen when 
they ride at bulls, or the like Iports. 

Acicata'ío, a flroke with fuch a 
Ipur as above. 

AciDtNTA'i, accidental, cafual, 
that which is not of the eíTcncc or na- 
ture of a thing. The Spanifli mulicians 
ufe this word to exprcfs feme notes in 

Acinr/NTs, an accident. In phi- 
lofophy it is that which may be added 
to, or taken from the fuppolitum, with- 
out defiroying it, 

Actdhite de caleriiura, the fit of a 
fever ; and lo of any other difteniper. 

Acidia, floth. From the Greek 

Acidioso, (lothful. 


Acie'gas, blindfold. Properly two 
words, A cirgas, 

AciJiRTO,. the right doing or per- 
forming of any bulinefj ; a good hit, 
a right method. 

Ácina'r, vid. Hadvar. 
Ación, a fiirrup-leather; fomctimes 
taken for Acción, an aclion. 
Acii'Rt's, the cyprefs-tree. 
AciPRh'sTE, an arch priell, a chief 
pricll. From the Latin archipresb^ter. 
A^iRA, a town in the kingdom of 
J'alencia in Spain, three leagues from 
Xativa, fends deputies to the Cortes. 

Acitara, the brcall-work, or wall 
breall high about any place, to keep 
people from falling. Arabick. 
Acitara de silla, the faddle-crec. 
Acivila'do, debafed. 
Acivila'r, to dcbafc. 

A'cLA, a fmall town and diftrid in 
the jurií'diítion of PíTW^wi, but on the 
l\orth Sea, not many leagues north- 
weft of Darien. 

Aclamación, acclamation. 
Aclama'do, received with accla- 
mations, cry'd up. 

Aclama'r, to receive with accla- 
mations, to iliout by way of approba- 
tion. Lat. 

Aclaración, a clearing or making 

Aclara'dOj made clear, plain, or 

AclaradóRj a clearer or explainer 
of matters, one that lays things open. 
Aclara'r, to clear, to clcanfe, to 
explain. From claro, clear. 

Aclavilla, an inftrument dyers 
uie for dipping the things they dye. 
Acoea'do, propped, fupportcd, up- 
held. Ubf. ' 

Acobamil'nto, a propping, fup- 
porting, upholding. Obf. 

Acoba'r, to prop, fupport, uphold. 

Acoearda'r, to make one afraid 
or cowardly, or to be afraid or cow- 
ardly. From cobarde, a coward. 

Aco^a'r, to egg or fet on, to incite, 
to provoke as they do dogs, the Spani- 
ards ufiiig this word, ¡o, {o, to fet on 

Acocla'do, kick'd, fpurn'd. 
Acoceador, one that kicks or 

Acoceasiie'nto, a kicking or 

Acocea'f, to kick, to Ipiirn. From 
coz, a kick. 
AcoD.i'po, bent, or bow'd like an 


elbow ; alfo leaning on the elbow.' 

Acodadura, a bending like that of- 
an elbow, alfo the aft of leaning on 
the elbow ; alfo the pruning of vines, 
and their taking root. 

Acoda'r, to make a bending like, 
an elbow; alfo to lean on the elbow. 
From codo, an elbow. It is alfo a term 
ulcd by carjpnters in meafuring; and 
in trees it is to prune them, and their 
taking root in the ground. 

Acodicia'do, coveted. 

Acodicia'r, to covet. From «<//- 
cia, covetoufnels. 

when one thinks he has the g^me fure, 
and through cagernefs lofes it. 

A. CIAR, brafs or copper; for I find 
it often indiñercntly ufed for both. 
From the Arabick cujfar, lliining. 

A^'ofara'do, cover'd with brafi or 

Ai-Ofi'YFA, or Aaoféyfa, the fruic 
apothecaries call jujubs. 

Ac,OEtYFA'Do, meir drefs'd with, 
jujubs, or any compoliiion ef jujubs. 

Ai|OihYFA'R, to drcfi meat with ju- 
jubs, to make a compolition with jujubs. 
The name Arabick. 

A<;orEYfo, the jujub-tree. 

Acogedor, one that receives or en- 
tertains others. 

Acoge'Rj Prsf. Acojo, Prit. Acogí; 
to entertain, to admit, to receive friend- 
ly. FromccgfVe, to force one to itay 
with him by fricniiiUip. 

Acoge'rse, to betake one's felf to 
flight, to make an efcape, to have re- 
courfe to. 

Prov. Acogérfe a Fideliitm : To fly 
or havcrecourfe to Fidelmm. That is, 
to fly to the laft refuge ; bccaufe when 
priells fay the office of the dead by 
heart, and cannot remember the par- 
ticular colleit for that occalion, they 
take up with the common prayer, which 
begins Fide l/iim Deus. Wherefore whea 
a man takes to the laft ihift, they apply 
this proverb. 

Acogida, a place to betake ^ÍR?i 
felf to, a place of refuge ; alfo reception 
or entertainment ; as Me ht'zo buena a- 
cogi'da, he rectiv'd me friendly. 

Acogido, received, entertained, e-, 
fcapcd, Ihelter'd. 

Acogimie'nto, reception, enter- 
tainment, an efcape, protection. 

Acoco ta'do, that has a great neckj 
alfo that has been ftruck on the neck, 
or ncck'd as we do rabbets. 

Acogotar, to grow thick neck'd, 
alfo to ilrike on the neck, or kill with 
a blow on the neck, as we do rabbets. 
From co^otCj the neck, 



ABOGUE, quickfilvcr, vid. Azigue. 

Ai.oGut'jo, the name of a quarter 
or ward in the city rakricia, lignifying 
a little market or fquare, being a di- 
minutive of the Arabick word ¡oque, 
a Iquare. 

Acohombra'do, made like a cu- 
cumber, or drefs'd with cucumber. 

Acogí, ^cójo; via. Acoger. 

Acólito, an acolytc,one that ierves 
the pricft at the altar. From the La- 
tin acdythus. 

Acolle'r, Obf. VIA Acoger. 

Acolva'do, fill'd, heap'd up ; Obf. 

Acolva'r, Obi to fill, to heap up. 
Corruptly for acolmarfiom co'/wci,the top. 

Aco.MA, a town in the province of 
Cibola in North America. 

A^oma'do, provoked, incited, fet 
on as dogs are. 

A<;omamie'nto, a provoking, in- 
citing, angering, or fetting on as they 
do dcgs. 

A|('oma'r, to provoke, to incite, or 
anger ; properly to fet a dog upon any 
thing, the Spaniards to fet on their 
dogs crying to them fo, fo. 

AcoMAs, a people in the kingdom 
of Neiv Mexico in Korth America. 

Acomba'do, vaulted or arched. 

AcoAiBADURA, vaulting Or arching. 

Acombar, to vault or arch. An 
old word, and out of uie. 

AcoMtTEDOR, one that aflaults, 
attacks, or fets upon, or one that un- 

.Acomete'r, to alTault, to attack, 
to fet upon ; alio to undertake. From 
the Latin committere, to put it to the 

Acomete'r con dadivas, to tempt a man 
with gifts. 

AcojiETiDA, an aflault, an attack ; 
alio an undertaking. 

Acometido, allaultcd, attacked, fet 
Bpon ; alio undertaken. 

Acoimetimie'nto, an affault, an 
attack ; alfo an undertaking. 

Acomoda'do, fitted, proper for the 
ft^iirpofe, cheap, reafonable, well to 
pafs ; alfo fettled or provided for. 

Aco.modamie'nto, a fitting, mak- 
ing convenient, bringing to reafon, a 
fettlement or proviiion. 

Acoimoda'r, to make fit or con- 
venient, to compound a difference, to 
place a fervant, to provide for another. 
From cómodo, convenient. 

Acomoda'rse, to provide for one's 
ielf, or to get an employment ; alio to 
conform and fuit one's felf to the times 
or circumflanccs. 

Aco.mpaña'do, accompanied, at- 
tended. I: alfo lignifies a lawyer joia'd 


in commilTion with a judge, to prevent 


AcohiPaSadÓr, one that keeps com- 
pany with, or follows another. 

Aco.mtanamil'nto, a retinue, at- 
tendance, or keeping in company. 

Acowpañ.a'r, to accompany, orbe 
of a retinue. From conifañi'a, a com- 

AcoMPLiMiE'.VTo,the complement, 
that which makes any thing coniplcat. 
From complir, to make compleat. 

Aco.MVE R, a town in the kingdom 
of Aragón, two leagues ftom yaca, on 
the banks of the river Arviti. It con- 
tains not above fixty houfes. 

Aconcha'do, cover'd with iliell?, 
or laid together, to lie as a fiili in its 

Aconcha'r, to cover with IViells, 
or to lay and fit together, that things 
may lie as a fiñi does in the fliell. 
From concha, a (hell. 

Acon.hár dinero, to hoard money. 

Acondiciona'do, condition'd ; as 
bien acondicionado. Of things inanimate, 
fignifies they are in good caic-, or well 
conditioned ; of man, that he is good 
condition'd, or of a good temper. 

Acondicionar, to put into good 
condition. From condicio'n, condi- 

Aconhorta'do, vid. Accnortádo. 

Aconhorta r, vid. Atcnortar. 

Acónito, a poilonous herb, of 
which there are two ibits, the one 
call'd libbards-bane, the other wolfs- 
bane. From the Lat. aconitum. 

Aconortacion, comfort, fupport, 
relief, encouragement. 

Aconorta DO, comforted, íúpport- 
ed, relieved, encouraged. 

Aconorta'r, to comfort, to fup- 
port, to relieve, to encourage. From 
the Latin hortor, to exhort. 

Aconseguexe'a, an obfolete Ara- 
gonian word, fignifying overtaking. 

Aconsejadame'nte, with advice, 
maturely, difcreetly. 

Aconsejando, counfell'd, advis'd. 

Aconsejador, a counfellor, an 

Aconseja'r, to eounfel, to advifc. 
From concejo, eounfel. 

Aconta'do, propp'd, ftaid, or 
ftior'd up, like a falling w-ill. 

Aconta'r, to prop, ilay, or ihore 
up a falling wall. From cuento, a 
prop or fliore. 

Acontece'r, Praf Acontcfco, to 
happen, to chance, to fall out. 

Ño me acontecerá olra vez, it fiiall 
be fo no more, I will not be fciv'd fo 

Acontecído, happened, chaaced, 
fallen out. 

Acontecimie'nto, an accident, 
any thing that has happened. 

Acon tec lo, acor.tcj'co ; vid. Aconte- 

Acontesce'r, vid. Acontecer. 

Acopa'do, that is made round like 
a cup , as 

Ariel acopado, a tree that has a full 
round head likcTa cup. 

Acopa'r, to make a thing have a 
round head like a cup. From cjp,-', a 

Ai;ÓR, the hawk call'd a goihawk. 

Acora'do, difcompofcd, frighted, 
uncafy ; alio angry and haughty. 

Acoramie'nto, a fright, uneafi- 
nels ; alio anaer and hauohtinels. 

Acorarse, tobe frighted, furpri- 
fcd, diflurbcd or uncafy ; alio to be 
angry, wild, or haughty. From acor, 
a hawk. In the firll fcnfc, from the 
fright and unealincfs fowls arc in wh;;ii 
they fee a hawk ; and in the latter, 
from the cruelty and high flying of 
the hawk. 

Acorala'do, adorn'd with coral, 
or of the colour of coral. 

Acorda'do, remember'd ; alfo dif- 
creet, wife ; alio agreed, or concert- 
ed ; and in mufick tan'd. 

Acorda'r, Prif. Acuerdo, Pra:t. A- 
cordé ; to remember, to awake from 
ileep ; to put in mind, to agree toge- 
ther, to determine ; in mulick, to tune. 

Acorde, agreement, coiifent ia 
opinion, harmony in mulick. 

Acordell'jo, a pair of nippers to 
pull oft' loofe hairs : fcoling at a man, 
or putting upon him ; alio racking 
with ropes. 

Acores, a parcel of fuiall iflands 
weft of Spain, and north-weft of the 
Canaries. They are otherwife call'd 
Terceras, from the chief of them lb 
call'd. They are fubjecT; to the crown 
of Portugal; their names Tercera, S. 
Michael, S. Mary, Gracicfa, Fayal, S, 
George, Pico, Corvo, and Flores. 

Acorn la'do, butted with horns. 

Acornea'r, to but with horns, as 
horned bealls Jo. From ciie'rnf, a horn. 

Acoro, the plant we call Englilh 

Acorrala'do, driven up into a 
corner whence one cannot cfcapc, or 
pint up, diftrcfb'd, brought to great 

Acorrala'r, to drive up where 
one cannot efcape, to pen up, tD di- 
ftrcfs, to bring into flreights. from 
ccrrálj a yard or cnclofvue, 



AcbsRsi, to rtüi te, to he'p, to 
1 tilt ve, to I'uccour . or aíTiih fr..m 
trr.-r, to run in to a roan's aiTiflance. 
<r Acorrído, fuccour'd, rcücv'J, aid- 
. i, alliiied. 

AcoKRiMit'NTo, aid, alliilancc, 
fuccour,. relief, running to. 

Acorro, help, aid, alfiilancc, fuc- 
cour, relief. 

AcoRRfCA'no, íhrügg'd up clofe 
together, as people do with cold. 

Acorri;ca'k, ro thrug up cloic to- 
gether, as people do with cold. From 
the Latin corrugo, to wrinlclc, that is, 
to gather up clofe together. 

Acorrul'l.'v'r 1.1 galera ¡ to trim the 

Acorta'do, fliortencd, abridg'd, 
brought into lefi conipals, retrencii'd. 

Acortav ie'nto, Ihortening, a- 
bridging, retrenching. 

Acortar, to lliorren, to abridge, 
to retrench. From corto, íhort. 

Acorva'do, crooked, bent, bow'd, 
iiooping as men do with age. 

Acorva'r, to crook, bend, or bow. 
Trom córzío, crooked. 

A'c o s, a village in the kingdom of 
Peru in Artierica, 

Acosa DO, or Acojfádo, clofe pur- 
iiied, perfecutedj provoked, moleitcd, 

Acosador, or Acojfaddr, one that 
purfucs, perfecui;cs, or molcils, or baits 

A c o s A M I ]. NTo, or Accjfamiénto, 
clofe, fcrfecutingj molefling, 
or vexing, baiting. 

Acosa'r, oí Acojfir, to purfue clofe, 
to perfecutc, moklt, fret and vex, to 
bait. From cofo, the place where the 
bulls arc baited. 

Acosta'do, lain down, gone to 
bed ; alfo leaning on, or depending. 

AcosTAJi ii'mto, lying in bed, 
leaning, depending ; alio wages. 

Acosta'r, or Aiofiarfi, to go to 
bed, to lie down, to lean, to give 
wages. In the firft fcnfc from the 
Latin cofia, a rib, as lying down on 
the ribs ; in the laft fromthe Spanifli 
word cSfta, coft, as being at the coft 
. of maintaining a man. 

Acojtárfe al parecer de ¿tro, to incline 
- to another man's opinion. 

Acosté, a fmall town and territo- 
ry in the province oi Florida in Kcrth 
America in about 56 degrees of north 

Acostumera'do, accuilomed,ufual. 

AcosTUMDRAMit'NTO, accullom- 
rlng, ufe. 

Acostumbra'r, to accuilom, to 
Oile. Fiom cofiiimLre, cuftom. 

A C R 

Aro Twites, a quotation, bringtnq 
a ttliiniony out of an author. 

A(0t/.d:20, that may be whipp'd, 
or fubjcil to whipping. 

Acota'do, quoted, alledged out of 
a book or autiior. 

Acot-y'do, whipp'd, fcourgcd. 
Acotados, one that quotes or al- 
ledgcs .things cut of books or authors. 

Agotador, a whipper, a fcourger. 

Acotamie'nto, a quoting, or al- 
ledged out of a book or author. 

A^OTAM I e'nto, a whipping or 

Acota'n, a Moorifh word for a 

Acota'r, to quote, to alledge out 
of a book or author. From cota, a 

Acota'r, to whip, to fcourge. 

Acotar el mar en las peñas, is for the 
fea to beat or break upon the rocks. 

A-,ote, a whip or fcourge. The 
etymology uncertain, but fuppofed to 
be Arabick. 

A fate de vergajo de toro, a bidl's piz- 

Acote'a, the flat roof of a houfe 
covcr'd with lead, or plaifler of Paris. 

Acotlja'do, compared together. 

Acotejar, to compare together. 

Aco\ arda'do, fearful, cowardly, 
put into a fear. 

Acovarda'r, to put into afear, to 
be cowardly. From covarde, a coward. 

Acoyta'r, an old Spaniih word, 
fignifying to procure. 

Acovukda'do, yoked, or bound 
with the thong of the yoke. 

A^oza'do, vid. Acopado. 
A C R 

Acrece nta'do, increafed, aug- 
mented, enlarged, improved. 

AcRECENTADORjOne that increafcs, 
enlarges, augments, or improves. 

Acrecen tahue'nto, increaling, 
enlarging, improvement. 

Acrece NT a'r, Prxf. Acreeiéyito, 
Prat. Acrecenté, to increafe, enlarge, 
augment, or improve. From the Lat. 
crej'co, to grow. 

Acrece'r, to increafe, to add to. 
From the Lat. crefco, to grow. 

Acrecie'nto, \-\A Acrecentar. 

Acredita'do, creditable, reputa- 
ble, one that has a good reputation. 

Acredita'r, to credit, to give one 
a good reputation. From crédito, cre- 

Acreedor, a creditor. From the 
Latin creditor. 

Acrescenta'r, vid. Acrecentar. 

Acresce'r, vid, Acrece'r, 

A C U 

Affte\-itLA'Do, full of holes, a 
man that is run through in many pla- 

Acreviha'r, to pierce full of 
holes, to be worn full of holes, to be 
run through in many places. From 
criva, a iieve, fuch as we fift oats in. 
Acrimina'do, criminal, or under 
any accufation of guilt. 

Acriminador, an accufer, an evi- 

Acrimina'r, to accufe, to lay 
crimes to one's charge. From crimen^ 
a crime. 

A c R I jii o N Í A, fharpnefs, tartnefs. 
From the Lat. acrimonia. Metaphori- 
cally it ilgnifies fharp biting words. 

Acrisola'do, refined in a crucible, 
as gold or lilver. Metaphorically, a- 
ny thing that is cleanfed, or a man 
that has been thoroughly tried. 

Acrisola'r, to refine in a crucible. 
Metaphorically, to cleanfe or purify, 
to try a man thoroughly. From cnfol, 
a crucible. 

Acriva'dOj lifted, or cleanfed in 
a fieve. 

AcrivadurAj chaff, or that which 
is fifted out. 

Acriva'r, to lift in an open /¡evCj 
fuch as is ufed for whole grain. From 
the Latin cribrare, to fift ; thence it is 
us'd to fignify to pink a man's body 
with many wounds. 

Acrivilla'do, vid. Acrenillado, 

Acrivilla'r, vid. AcreviUar. 

Acroa'ma, a pleafant and divert- 
ing difcourfe or narrative. It is Greek, 
acroama, a hearing. 

Acrote'ras, battlements, or fmall 
pinnacles en the tops of walls. From 
the Greek acron, the top, or upper part. 

Acrucia'do, tormented. 

Acrucia'r, to torment. From the 
Latin eructare, to torment. 

AcTiwo, a fmall diilance in meaíúre 
or time. 

Action, vid. Acción. 

Activida'd, adivity, Lat, a íf^^ 

A'c TO, vid. Auto. 

Actor, a dealer, an after. In law, 
the plaintiff or.profecutor. 
A C U 

A^ÚA, the Indian name for all fortt 
of drink made of Indian wheat. Vid. 

Ai^ucAR, fugar. From the Latin 
faccharum , fugar. 

Aplicar piedra, or Afiícar candi, fu» 

Afúcar de redoma, the candied pare 
tta: iticks about the lides or bottom 


A C U 

of veflels that fyrups are kept in. 

A^ucara'doj fweetned with fugar, 
or firew'd with fugar. 

Palabras acucaradas, fweet, that is, 
alluring, or plealing words. 

Ai,ücara'r, to fweeten with fugar, 
to ftrow fugar over any thing. Meta- 
phorically to fweeten, that is, to footh 

A(;ucare'ro, a fugar-cafter. 
AcuCE'NA,the white lilly. Arabick. 
Acuchilladizo, one that has been 
' or is expofed to be llaih'd and cut ; a 
quarrelfom perfon who is always Haul- 
ing, a bully. 

AcucHiLLA'DO,cut,flaih'd, hew'd, 

Milngas acuchilladas, flaili'd fleeves. 
Prov. Del bien acuchillado fe haze el 
luén cirujano: He that has been well 
flafli'd makes a good furgeon. To 
ihew, that the practical part is as ne- 
cellary as the theory. 

Acuchilla DURA, oi Acuchillamien- 
to, a cutting, Ilailiing, or hewing. . 

AcucHiLLA'Rjto cut, ilafh, or hew, 
to wound. From cuchillo, a knife. 

Acucia, íharpnefs of edge, or of 
wit. From the Latin acutus, iharp. 

Acucia'r, to fliarpcn ; alfo to ha- 
ften. Little ufcd at prefent, the proper 
word being agucar. 

Acuciosahie'nte, Obf. fliarply, or 

Acucioso, Obf iharp or diligent. 

Acuclillas, fitting on one's legs 

with the weigh: of the body hanging 

on the hams, as people do to eaie them- 

felves in the fields. 

AcÚDA, a great wheel to draw wa- 
ter with out of wells, commoAly ufed 
. to water gardens. From the Arabick 
word xmA, a waterer. 

Acudido, repair'd to ; alfo reliev- 
ed or alTifted. 

Acudimie'nto, repairing to; al- 
fo relief or alfiftance. 

Acudir, to repair to, to come to 
a calh alfo to relieve or aillft. From 
W-jmul, or together, and cúdo, to 
forge ; becaufe iiniths ilrike one after 
another, following their ftrokes, and 
ib help one another. » 

AcuELA, a little hatchet, or a coo- 
per's addice. From the Latin afaola, 
a fmall hatchet. . 

Ac u e'r a, a territory in the pro- 
vince oí Florida in North Jmerica, 

Acuerda'do, grown or made 

Acuerda'r, to grow or make wifcr. 
From cuerdo, diícreet. 
Acüe'rdo, vi¿.4cordar. 
^cue'rcoj Subfi. an agrecmentj a 

A C U 

refolutioix ; alfo rcmcmbring and deli- 

Acue'stas, upon a man's back, on 
his ihoulders. Frorii the old Spanifli 
word cojlas, or cutjlas, the back. 

Tener fejtnta años acuéjlas, to be 
threefcore years old. Verbatim, to have 
threefcore years upon one's back. 

Tomar un muchacho acuéfias, to hoift 
up a boy as they do at fchool to be 

Llevar a otro acuéjlas ; Verbatim, to 
carry another upon one's back ; Meta- 
phorically, to maintain him. 

Prov. Tu que 710 puedes llévame acue- 
llas : You that are not able, carry me 
on your back. This they fay to thcfe 
who expeil alfiftance or relief from 
fuch as are not able to help themfelves. 
Acue'sto, vid. Acojlár. 
AcuíEiFA, the fruit our apothecaries 
call jujubs. From the Arabick fufeifun, 
or the Latin ziziphus. 

A^uíEÍío, the jujub-tree. 
A^uira'do, fmoak'd with brim- 
ftone, as formerly they ufed to do fine 

AcuFRADOR, a frame ufed in Spai>i 
to lay womens fine head-cloaths on, 
that were fmoak'd with brimflone over 
a pan of coals to make them" clear. 
The fame frame is ufed to air cloaths, 
and is called by the fame name. 

Ai^ufra'r, to fmoak linnen with 
brimllone, as above. 

ADUFRE, or Piedracúfre, brimílone. 
From the Latin fulphur, brimftone. 

Acuita'do, aftlided, troubled, 
pin'd away. 

Acuita'rse, to afflid or trouble 
one's felf, to pine away. From cuyia, 

AcuitZehuarÍra, a plant in the 
province of Mechoacan in 2\orth America, 
of admirable virtue, call'd by the Spa- 
niards the enemy of poifon. 
A^ule'jo, vid. Azulejo, 
Acullá', yonder. 
Acumba'r, vid. Azumbar. 
ADUMBRE, the common liquid mea- 
fure of Spain, containing about three 
pints Engliih, and divided into four 
leifer meafures call'd §uariiUos, or 
Quarters. The v/ord Arabick. 

A c u M u L a'd o, heap'd on ; alió 
charged with crimes. 

Acumulador, one that accumulates 
or heaps together ; one that lays faults 
to others and magnifies them. 

Acumula'r, to accumulate, to'heap 
on, to lay to one's charge. Lat. accu- 
mulare. The lawyers particularly ufc 
it, when ieveral oft'cnccs are laid to 
the criminal's charge, and as it were 


heap'd one upon another. 

Acumulatriz, a woman that heaps 
or accumulates, or that lays many 
things to another's charge. 

Acunca'do, polifti'd, rcfin'd, fec 
off, or fit in Oider. 

Acuxcadór, a poliihcr or refiner, 
one that adorns and fets things in or- 

Acunca'r, Obf. to polifli, refine, 
adorn, or fet things in order. Ara- 

Aci'iÑA, the furname of a noble fa- 
mily in Spain, originally from Portugal, 
where they are call'd Qirtha, and went 
over to Cajlik, when the mailer oí A- 
vis, who was baliard to king Peter, 
and afterwards call'd king yohn the 
firft, ufurp'd that crown. Others of 
them flill remain in Portugal. 

AcuSa'do, coin'd as money is ; al- 
io cloven with wedges. 

Acuñador, a coiner ; alfo a clea- 
ver that cleaves with wedges. 

Acuñador de tejlígos faljbs, a coiner 
(that is, a fuborncr) of falfe witneffes. 

Acuña'r, to coin money. From 
cuñó, the fiamp for money. It is alCj 
to cleave with wedges ; from ci'íña, a 

Acuñar di)3éro,he(iAes the literal fenfe 
of coining, fignifies metaphorically to 
heap or gather wealth ; as if it were 
wedg'd together. 

AcuqueÍla, a fmall hamlet near 
Toledo, in the kingdom of Cajlile ia 
Spain. An Arabick diminutive of y?- 
cecjm'a, becaufe water'd with many 

Acurruca'do, fhrugged, ihiugging 

"Acurruca'r, to ilu'ug, to draw 
. "AcuRtidÓR, vid. Curtidor, 
■ AcuRTiR, v'iÁ.Curtír. 

Acusación, an accufation. Latin 

Acusa'do, accufed, charged. 
Acusador, an accufer, an evidence. 
Acusa'r, to accufe, to chaige with 
offences. Lat. accujare. 

AcusatÍvo, the accufative cafe; 
one that may be accufi;d, or one that 
is apt to accufe. 

Acute'a, the flat roof of a houfe 
cover'd with lead or plaifter of Paris, 
or a walk round the top of a houfe, 
which is ufual in Spain and Africk. 
It is generally of plailler of Paris, xa 
keep out the heat. From the Arabick 
word zats, a place to take the air, csr 
to fun one's felf. 


Ada'giOj an adage, a proverb. 
■ From 


From the Latin air.g'r.m, a proveí In 

Adaha'la, any ihing tskcn or i;iv- 
«n over and above the bargain agreed 
en. In fri;ic and fiich things ive call 
it a caii, that is, a hanaiui or iinall 
pared tlivown in. From the Arabick 
lieláU, to take over. 

Ada J A, a river in OM Caftile. 

Adalid, a guide, a conducttr. From 
the Arabick delid, a guide. This word 
is generally uftd for thofe that condud 
armies.'do, beloved, when deriv'd 
fiom amttr, to love.'do, finical, fine, nice, dain- 
ty, or lady like, when dcriy'd from 
dama, a lady.'r, to love. From amar, to 

Adaima'r, to make or become fini- 
cal, nice, dainty, or lady like. From 
dama, a lady. 

Ad A it Ú 2, a town of about Soo 
houfcs, 5 leagues from Cordova in A>i- 
daliijia in SpMn, ftated on the great 
road, famous for good inns, and plenty 
. of rabbets and. partridges. It belongs 
to the Mar^iiefi del Carjiro. There is 
mother town of the fame name on the 
frontiers o{Caf¡,¡e, between the rivers 
Tiiria and Bo¡l_^as. Ic has a ftrong ea- 
file, but not above i^o houfes. 
■Ada'n, ov.r firft fithcr Adam. 

A D a'r c a, a iliort light target or 
buckler, made of buffaloes hide, or 
buff, I fe by the Sp niards and Afri- 
(ans. F m the Arabicl; dargua, lig- 
.nifying t! e fame. 

Adarga'do, arm'd with a target, 
one that carries a target. 

ADAP.CA'?,adtirgarfe, to arm or co- 
-vcr with a target or buckler, to Hand 
upon one's guard. 

A D a'.r .m r, a dram weight ; alfo a 
fmal! piece cf n.oncy formerly ib caH'u 
in Spa:n. From the Latin dradmc, a 
drachm, or fuch a piece of money 

Ada'rvas, gold mints. 

Ada'rve, the fpace or breadth on 
the topof the walisof a fortify 'd placi, 
where the battlements are, for the de- 
fendants to ftand on. The etymology 
■ Uncertain. 

Adarvado, fiupify'd, benumm'd, 
or become motionlefs with a flight, 
iike the ilatues they ufed formerly to 
kt on the adarves, or walls, to make 
the number of defendants feem the 

ADARvA'Rsr, to be ftupify'd, be- 
x,um.m'd, or become motionlefs, like a 
ftatuc, with a fright, as above in adar- 

fro,-, Ah(íxánfe ¡a adarves, y hvan- 

A D E 

iátife hi muladares: The high walls 
lioop, and the dunghils rife. Ufed 
when perlbns of note humble them- 
felves, or are call dgwn, and bafe fel- 
lows luivc to look great, or .rile high. 
Adauta'n, beicr adautaii, to dnuk 
to a pitch, to drink' hard. From the 
French aiitavt, as n.uch, that is, to 
drink as much as another. 
A D B 
Adbtrtido, vid. Advertido. 
Adbitrio, \iA. Arbitrio. 

Ad^hní'ta, a fmall town of about 
1 50 houfes, near lifiabella in the king- 
dom of Valencia in Spain. 
A D i> 

AnDRt'so, an addrcfi ; a word us'd 
only in ihc Madrid Gazette, and forg'd 
by the Gazetteer to lignify our Addref- 
fes, but in reality no Spaniih. 
A D E 

AntFt'siós, hitUar adeféjios, it is a 
Spanifl proverb, llgnifying to fpeak no- 
thing to the purpofc, or, tho' it be to 
the purpole, to talk to thofe that will 
not mind, or at leall will not admit of 
what isfaid. It is taken from the 
Ephefians baniihing oí Hermodorus, on- 
ly becaufe he was more virtuous than 
they ; for thev would give no ear to 
w.hat he or his friends could fay to dif- 
fuade them, or elfe thought it all to 
no puipofe. Or from the fame Ephcli- 
ans perfecuting the apolHesat the infti- 
gation oí Alexander the copper- fin ith, 
without hearkening to reaibn, but 
drowning all with the cry of Great is 
Diana of Eplefus. The ignorant people 
iiave the two words into one, 
and chang'd the ph into an^^ which 
has now prevail'd, and very many 
fpeak it without knowing what it 

Adíha'la, vid. Adahála. 

Adexa'r, to forfake, to leave; vid. 

Adllanta'do, gone before, advan- 
ced, orprefcrr'd ; alio a lord lieutenant 
of a province, who lepr^fcnts the king's 
pcribn, and is fuprtme in his command. 

Adi.lantamie'nto, going before, 
advancing, riling to prefcrmen; ; alfo 
the pod and authority of a lord lieute- 
nant of a province, and the piovince 
it felf that is under fuch a governor. 

Adllanta'r, adelantárfe, to go 
before, to advance, to rife to prefer- 
ment, to excel, to outltrip others 

Adela'nti, before, beyond; alfo 
on, or go on, go forwards. 

Mas. adelante, farther yet. 

De ¿y en adelante^ from this time 

A D E 

An n't FA, the plant oleander, or 
rofe bay- tree. In Latin rludodaplne ; 
the Spanilli frjm the Arabick delf. 
Ray in his hiflory of plants, p. 1767, 
fays, it grows with a Itrait llaik, 
and ftrait folid branches, in Candía. 
big enough to ufe in fmall buiLdngs. 
The fiower and leaves of it, ibme fay, 
are venomous to feveral beails. 

Adelgaca'r, vid. Adelgazar. 

Adelgaza'do, made Hender or 

ADELcAZ.'tDOR, onc that makes 
things fmall and flender. 

Adelgaza'r, to make íhiall or flen- 
der, to grow liender. From delgado, 

Adelgazar la pluma, to make a pen 
write fmall. 

Adelgazar un punto, o <jtiefii¿n, to 
canvas a point, to manage .t nicely, 
to make tlie moft of it. Arabick. 

Adelgazar un kombre, to bring down 
a man's fat.'n, a motion or gefture by 
which we exprefs our liking or diflike 
of any thing, or any other paffion. 
From the interjctftion a, and mano, a 
hand, becaufe the hands help to ex- 
prefs our inward motions ; as joining 
them when we pray, clafping them 
when we threaten, beckoning when 
we call, &c. Yet the word ademán is 
not confin'd to the motions of the 
hands, but extends to thofe of the 
head, or any other that expreis the in- 
ward lentiments. 

Adema's, moreover, over and above. 
From áy de mas, there is over. 

Adentella'das, by mouthfuls, by 
bites of the teeth. Properly two words, 

Adentella'do, bitten, gnaw'd,' 
or mark'd with the teeth. 

Adentellador, one that bites, 
Ciaps, or marks with his teeth. 

Adentelladura, a biting, fnap- 
ping, or fetting of the teeth in a thing. 

Aden TELL a'r, to bite, to fnap; to 
fet the teeth in a thing. From ¿¿j'tfi 
a tooth. 

Ade'ntro, within. 
• Bohér lo de adentro afuera, to ttirn 
•he infide out. 

Adequa'do, adequate. Lat. 
. Aderezada M e'n t e, orderly, 

Adereca'do, dreís'd, made ílrait, 
let in order,, adorn'd. 

ADn,REqAMiE'NTO, drcíTing, making 
ílrait, fetting in order, adorning, 

Adere^a'r, to drefs, to make 
flrair, prepare, furniih, make ready, 
fct in order, adorn. From the Italian 
drizzáre, to make flrait. 


A D I 

Akn^'a* U cafa, to furniih, or fet 
the houfe in order. 

Adere far las calles, to hang and a- 
dorn the ftreecs. 

Aderefár el camino, to repair the 

Aderefár la comida, to drefs meat. 
Adere'co, drefs, order, ornament. 
Mereces de cafa, furnitiue for the 

Adere'nte, belonging to, that 
which adheres to another. From the 
Lat. adh^reo, to cleave to, or adhere. 

Adesóra, out of time, out of fca- 
fon ; alfo on a fuddcn, uncxpcfted, 
unlook'd for. Properly two words. 

Adespe'cho, infpightof Proper- 
ly two words. 

Adestra'do, guided, direiled, in- 

Adestradór, one that guides, di- 
reiSs, or inürufts. 

Adestra'r, to guide, direct, or in- 
firuft. From diéflro, the rein by which 
a horfe is led. 

Adeuda'do, indebted. 
Adeuda'rse, to run in debt. From 
deuda, a debt. 

Adevina'njAj foretelling, alfo guef- 

Adevina'r, to fortell, to prophefy; 
alio to puels. From the Latin divina 
re, to divine. 

AdevÍno, or Adevinador, a footh 
fayer, a fortune-teller ; alio one that 

Pro. Adevino de Valdéras, quándo cor- 
ren las canales, que fe mojan las carre- 
ras : The fortune-teller oi Valdéras can 
foretell, that when the fpouts run, the 
ftreets are wet, A proverb to'ridicule 
thofe, who tell what is obvious, and 
known to all the world, as a matter 
cf great difcovery or knowledge. 

Prov. Si fuera adevíno, no muriera 
mezquino: If I were a conjurer, or 
fortune-teller, I fhould not die a beg- 
gat. A faying of thofe who have loll 
ibnie advantage which they could not 
roitfee ; or that would have order'd 
their affairs otherwifc, could they have 
forefeen what would happen. 

Prov. Adevina, adevinadcir, ¡as ilvas 
de mi majuelo, que cofas fon : Gucfs or 
prophefy, conjurer or fortune-teller, 
what things are the grapes of my vine- 
yard. A ridicule of ignorant people, 
who think they make great difcoveries, 
and fay nothing but what all the world 

A D I 
Adiado, appointed a certain day, 
or that has a day fet him. From día, 
a day. 

A D I 

Adia'fano, vid. Di afano Í 
Adición, an addition. Lat, addi- 


Adiestrado, guided, direfíed, in- 
ftructed, led. 

Adiestrador, one that guides, di- 
re£ts, infti-uds, or leads. 

Adiestra'r, to guide, dired, in- 
flrutt, or lead. From diéfiro, the rein 
that a horfe is led by. 

Adie'stro, vid. Adieflrár, 

Adie'stro, to the right. 

Adiéflro y a-finicfiro, every way, on 
the right and Ictt ; as, echar cuchtUadas 
a diéflro y a fmiéflro, to lay about one 
on all hands. 

AdJetiva'r, to add, to join to, to 
form adjeftives. 

Adinera'do, full of money. 

Adinera'r, to gather or heap up 
money. From dinero, money. 

Aditame'nto, an addition, a fup- 
ply ; alfo a revenue. 

Adita'r, to add to. 

Adibes, in New Spain they call the 
wolves by this name. I fuppofe the 
Spaniards there took it from the Indi- 

AdÍvas, the difeafe in horfes and 
other beaits call'd the Vives ; alfo 
crooked pins put into dog's meat to 
kill them. Arabick. 

Adjudica'do, adjudged. 

AdJudica'r, to adjudge. 

Adives, a great fort of African ma- 
ftiffs, that lie out, and bark all the 

Adives ; 1'eireira, in his defcription 
of the ifland of Ormtiz., in his hiftory 
of that place, fays, .they are creatures 
like foxes, p. 14. 

Adivinación, divining, guelTing 
at things to come. 

Adivinador, a diviner, a fortune- 
teller, a ibothfayer, 

Adivina'nca, divining, gueffing 
at what is to happen. 

Adivina'r, to divine, to guefs at 
what is to happen. From the Latin 
divinare, to divine. 

Adivina quién te dio, gueís who hit 
you. The play ufed by children, call'd 

Prov. Lo que con el ¿jo fe vie, con el 
dédoje adivina : What the eye fees, the 
finger divines. That is, in things plain 
and vifiblc, there needs no art or con- 
juration to make them out. 

Adivino, a fouthfayer, a fortune- 
teller, a diviner. 

Prov. for adivino le pueden dar cien 
acotes: He deferves an hundred laflies 
for a fortune-teller. This they fay 
when a man thinks he difcovers a my- 


flery in matters that are obvious to 

every body. 

Adjunto, adjund, joined to. 
Adjuración, adjuration. 
Adjura'r, to adjure. 

Administración, adminiílration, 
managin" of affairs. 

Administrado, admmilter d, ma- 
naged, or provided. 

Administrador, he that admini- 
flers, a manager, a diliributcr. 

Administra' r, to adminifter, to 
manage, to diilributc. Lat. admini- 

Admira'ble, admirable, wonder- 
ful, excellent. 

Admirableme'nTe, admirably, 
wonderfully, excellently. 

Admiración, admiration, wonder, 
aftonifliment, excellency. 

Admira'do, admired. 

Admirador, one that is apt to ad- 
mire or wonder at things. 

Admira'r, to admire, or be admi- 
red, to wonder, and to caufe aftonilh- 
ment. From the Lat, admiror, to ad- 

Admission, admiffion. 

Admitido, admitted, received, al- 
lowed of 

Admitir, to admit, receive, or al- 
low of. From the Latin admitto, to 


Ado, where, or whither. 

Adobado, mended, patch'd, or 
botch'd, daubed, or plaifter'd. 

Adobado is alfo pork put into a pickle 
of water, fait, garlick, pepper, and 
orégano, which is a fpccies of fweec 
marjorum ; whence, when well feafon- 
ed, it is taken out and roafted. 

Adobadór, a botcher, mender, or 

Adoba'r, to dreis meat, to botch 
cloaths, to cobble ihoes, to daub, to 
plainer. In old Spanifli, to fet right ; 
alfo to put meat into the pickle, de- 
fcribcd under the word adobado, which 
they alfo call echar en adobo. 

Adobar cueros, to tan or drels hides, 
or skins. 

Adobe, properly the clay bricks are 
made of, that are not burnt, but only 
dried in the fun ; thence ul'ed for o- 
thcr clay, or compofition like it. 

Ado Bio, vid. Adovio. 

Adobo, mending, repairing, or 
daubing ; alfo as adobado. 

Adocir, Obf. to bring. From the 
Latin adducere. 

Adolece'ncia, adolcfcence, youth. 




Adolbce'r, Pr«r Adolrf(o, Ftxt.A- 
iolici ; CO fall (ick, co be undir any te- 
dious Jillciiipcr. Fium chc Laciu cideo, 
tu b« in pain. 

Adollcido, filien (ick. 

AooLtNTA'RSE, togiow iick, dif- 
eafid, or in pain. From chc Latin 
diiUr, pain. 

Adolfo, AJolpluSy a proper name. 

Adondl, where, whither. 

Aiióiuie quiera, whereíbever, or whi- 

Adopción, adoption, taking ano- 
ther for one's fon aui htii. Laciji 
ado^t:o, adoption. 

Adopta' DO, adopted, taken iii the 
place of one's own fon. 

Adoptador, he that adopts, or 
takes another in the place of hb own 

Adopta'r, to adopt, to take ano- 
ther's child for one's own. Lat. ad- 
oftare, to adopt ; metaphorically, co 
graft trees. 

Adoptivo, adoptive. 

Adoración, adoration. It is de- 
fined an honour paid to another with 
fubmiilion, or a tcltLiiony of another's 
excellency and our fubmiilion. Vide 
iatria and DuUa. 

Adora'do, adored, worfliipped, re- 

Adorador, an adorer, aworihip- 

Adora'r, to adore, to worfliip, to 
reverence ; alfo to be palTionately in 
love. Lat. adoro, to adore. 

Fulano quére fer aderado, íüch a one 
is lb proud, he would have a fort of 
adoration paid him. 

Adormjece'r, or Adermefcer, to nap, 
to nod, as when one is neither fan a- 
ileep, nor quite awake ; to grow ilce- 
py, to flumbcr. From the Lat. dormio, 
to ileep. 

AAormecirfe la piirm, o hkfo, is 
when a leg or an arm is numm'd with 
being long in one pofture ; vulgarly 
«all'd afleep. 

Adormecido, numbering, nodding, 
as not fail afleep, nor quite awake. 

Adormecimii.'nto, or Adormimi- 
into, üumbering, nodding, growing 

Adormide'ras, white poppies ; fo 
call'd from dormir, to llccp, becaufe 
they provoke flcep. 

Adormido, via. Adormecido, 

Adormir, vid. Adormecer. 

Adormimie'nto, vid. Adormeñ- 

Adorna'do, adorned, dreís'd, fet 
tut to the beft advantage. 
Ai)or,napoi(, one that adoins, dref- 

A D V 

fcs, Dr fees out to the beft advantage. 

Adornamil'nto, vid. Adorno. 

Adorn a'r, to adorn, drefs, fet out 
to the bell advantage. From the Lat. 
ornare, to adorn. 

Adorno, ornament. 

Ados, as ambos adoi, both together. 
Properly two words. 

Adova'do, vid. Adobado. 

Adova'r, an cblblete word figni- 
fying to compleat, and to bring forth, 
but in this fcnfe out of ufe. See its 
true fenfe under the v«rb adobar, 

ADOvt, {qc Adobe. 

Ado VI a, the wafhing and tallow- 
ing of a fliip ; metaphorically, any o- 
tliir work about it, or any daubing. 
From the word adobar. 
A D Q. 

ADq.uiRÍD0, ox Adquirido, purcha- 
fi-d, obtained, procured, gotten, ac- 

ADQ,utRiDÓR, or Adquiridor, one 
that acquires, purchafes, procures, ob- 
tains, or gets. 

ADCÍ.UER1R, or Adquirir, to acquire, 
to purchafe, obtain, procure, get. From 
the Lat. acquire, to acquire. 

ADQ.UIR1D0, Adquiridor, Adquirir; 
vid. Adquerido, Adqueriddr, Adquerir. 

Adra'da, a thing that is rare, and 
feldom happens. I find this word lit- 
tle ufcd. 

Adraga'nte, gum dragacantfi. 

Adre^a'do, via. Adere fado, 

Adre^a'r, vid. Aderezar. 

A d R e'd e, purpofely, defignedly, 

Adria'n, Adrian, a proper name. 

Adria'nes, corns, or hardneis in 
the fleih prowing in any part of the 
body ; alfo magpies neils. 

Adri^a'r la galera, to trim the 

A D U 

Adua'na, cuilom or duty paid for 
goods imported or exported ; alfo the 
cuilom-houfe. Arabick. 

Aduane'ro, a cuílom-liouíé officer, 
one that receives the duty upon goods. 

Adua'r, a village of tents or huts, 
that is removed up and down ; a ftrcet 
of booths or tents ; fliepherds cotta- 
ges. Properly a village of Arabs, who 
remove about, and the name Arabick. 

Aduca'do, foftned, or fwcetned. 

Adv^a'r, to foftcn or fwetten. 
From duke, fweet. 

Advenide'ro, that which is to 
come, or fliall come or happen. 

Advinidixo, brought from abroad, 
foreign, a llranger, a foreigner. 

ADVi'Neo, Mvé>iga¡ ni, Jdvenir. 

A D U 

Adveni«iie'nto, an accident or 
chance ; alio the coming ; as, eljanto 
advenimiento, the holy coming ; ligni- 
fying the coming of the Holy Gholt. 

Advenir ; Pr*f. Advengo, advienes, 
adviene ; Pra.t. Advine, advenijle, ad- 
vino ; Fut. Advendré, advendrás, ad- 
vendrá ; Sub. Prxf. Advenga ; Imperf. 
Adviniera, adviniéjfe, or advendria ; 
Fut. Adviniere, to come, to happen, to 
fall out. From the Latin advenio, to 

Adventúra. via. Aventura, 

Adve'reio, an adverb. 

Adversa'r, to oppofe, contradiifl, 
or to be agamil a thing. From the 
Latin adverfor. 

Adversa'rio, an adverfary, an e- 
nemy, an opptlite. From the Lac. ad- 

Ad VERS I da'd, adverfity, ill fortune.. 
From the Lat. adverjitas. 

Adve'rso, adverfe, unfortunate, 

Adverte'ncia, advertency, care, 
obfervation ; alfo a warning or notice 

Advertimie'nto, idem. » 

Advertidame'nte, with adver^^ 
tency, carefully, heedfully. 

Advertido, advertifed, taken no^ 
tice of, obferv'd ; alfo a careful, dil^ 
creet perfon. 

Advertír, to advertife, to give 
notice ; alfo to obferve, to take care. 
From the Latin advertere, fignifying 
the fame. 

Ade'yto, Obf. brought. From the 
Latin adveBus, or adduBus, brought. 

Adufe, or Adufre, a timbrel, or fort 
oftaber. Arabick. It has the skia 
but at one end. 

Addfe'ro, one that plays on a tim- 
brel or taber, or he that makes or fells 

Advie'nto, the coming, the time 
of advent. 

Advie'rta, Advierto, vid. Advertir. 

Advine, Advin'éra, Adviniéjjj^^y- 
vino ; vid. Advenir. 

Adulación, flattery.. 

Adula'do, flattcr'd. 

Adulador, a flatterer, a íycophant. 

Adula'r, to flatter, to footh, to 
play the fycophant. From the Latin 
adulor, to flatter. 

Adul^a'do, fweetened ; alfo ap- 

Adülíja'r, to fvveeten ; alfo to ap- 
peafe. From duke, fweet. 

Adulcir, idem. 

Adultera'do, adulterated, vitia^ 
ted, corrupted, debauched. 

A F E 

AdüLtera'r, to adulterate, to vi- 
tiate, to corrupt, to commit adultery. 

Adulterino, adulterate, counter- 
feit, vitiate, faliified ; a child got in 

Adulte'rio, adultery. 
Adúltero, an adulterer. 
Adulto, one that is grown up, or 
come to the age of man. 

Adusto, aduft, fcorched. Lat. ad- 

Advoga'dOj vid. Avogádo. 
Advoga'r, vid. Avogar. 

Adzene'ta, vid. Adcenéta, 

A E C 
Aecha'do, vid. Ahechado. 
Aechadúra, vid. Ahechadura, 
Aecha'r, vid. Ahechar. 

A E L 
A e'llos, to them. Ufed to fet 
on, or encourage one to fall on. They 
are two words. 

A E S 
Aescondídas, hidden, privately. 
They are two words. 

Aescúras, in the dark. Theie are 
alio two words. 

A F A 
Afabilida'd, affability. PoJman- 
rus defines it, a virtue that makes our 
converfation with our neighbour grate- 
ful or acceptable. Lat. affabilitas. 

Afa'ble, affable, eafy to be Ipoken 
with, and courteous in fpeech. 

Afableme'nte, affably, courteouf- 
ly, obligingly. 

Afama'do, famous, renowned. 
Afamadór, one that fpreads abroad 
reports, or endeavours to make others 

Afama'r, to make or to become fa- 
mous and renowned. From fama, 

Afa'n, labour, wearineC, vexation, 
exceflive care, or anxiety, 

Afana'do, wearied, vex'd, over 
Ibllicitous, careful, or anxious. 
^^%ANADÓR, one that takes much 
pains, or rather that is always caring, 
over anxious, or iblicitous. 

Afana'r, to toil, to labour, to be 
weary, to be over careful, anxious, or 

A F E 
Afe', faith, in truth, verily. Two 
words, afé, that is, by my faith. 

Afea'do, made deformed, grown 
ugly ; alfo reprefented in its worft 

Apeador, he that deforms, or makes 
any thing ugly ; he that reprefents 
things in the worn manner, 

Aijeamie'nto, defaming, deform- 


ng, making ugly, or repreíénting things 

Afea'r, to deface, to deform, or 
make any thing ugly ; alfo to cry 
down, to rcprel'ent ajiy thing in the 
worn manner. From feo, detormed. 

Afear mi delito, to rcprefcnt a crime 
as black as may be. 

Afec tac ION, affeflation, over much 
niccnefs in fpeaking, writing, drefling, 
or the like. From the Latin affeltatio. 

Afecta'do, an affefted perfon, one 
that affefls peculiar ways, or is lingu- 
lar in his dreis, manner of Ipeech, or 
the like. 

Afecta'r, to affed, be affeited ; 
to delire any thing earneftly, or to ufe 

Afe'cto, Subil. an affeftion of the 
mind ; alio affeñion or kindnels, 

Afe'cto, Adj. affcflcd, inclined, 
well dilpofed. 

Afeita'r, Afeite, &c. vid. Aféyie, 
Afectar, &c. 

Afeminando, effeminate in carriage, 
habit, or other wife. Sometimes figni- 
fying a man that has a womanifli 
ihape or face, or is of a weak confti- 
tution, tho' otherwife manly enough. 
From the Lat. effeminatus, womaniih. 

Afe'res, affairs, bulinefs. Gene- 
rally taken for bufineis of little confe- 
quence or moment. From the French 
affaire, bufineis. 

Aferra'do, grappled, as fliips do ; 
alfo hook'd, faftned, or cramp' d with 

Aferra'r, Pnef. Afierro, to grapple 
as ihips do, to hook together, to lay 
fail hold of, to cramp with iron. From 
hierro, formerly called ferro, iron. 

Aferra'rse en fu parecer, to be po- 
fitive in one's own opinion. 

Aferrave'las, fmall lines reev'd 
into the oylet-holes of the fails un- 
der the head-rope, to make fail the 
fail to the yard, called by our failors 
the robbins. 

Aíe'to, an affeftion. Vid. AféHo. 

Afeytade'ra, a barber's ihop, or 
any place where men trim, or women 
paint themfelves ; alfo a woman that 
takes the down oft womens faces. 

Afeyta'do, trimm'd, painted as 
women do their faces ; fet out to the 
beil advantage. 

Afeytador, a barber, a fliaver. 
Afeyta'r, to trim a man, to paint 
a woman's face, to adorn, to fet out. 

Afe'yte, ornament, trimming, any 
daubing or colouring ufed to fet off a 
thing ; but particulaily the paint or 
daubing womea ufe to their faces. 

A F I 

A F F 

Affama'do, vid. Afamado, 

Affama'r, vid. Ajamar. 

Affa'n, vid. Afán. 

Affana'Rj vid. Afanar. 

Aefea'r, vid. Afear. 

Affecta'do, vid. Afeitado. 

Afí e'cto, vid. Afcífo. 

Afferra'r, vid. Aferrar. 

Affila'r, vid. A^lar. 

Affirma'r, vid. Afirmar. 

Afforra'r, vid. Aforrar. 
A F I 

Afian^a'do, aiíianced, warranted, 
engaged for, made fañ, promifed in 

Afianca'r, to warrant, to engage 
for, bound for, to make fait, to 
promife in marriage. From fiatifa, 

Afíce, an overfeer, a mailer in any 
trade to examine work or wares. 

Afición, aftection, inclination, 
love. From the Latin affeñio. 

Prov. Afición ciega razon : Affeftion 
blinds reaibn. That is, love covers 
all faults ; or, love is blind. 

Prov. Afición es la que f ana, que no 
el falo de la barca : It is affeftion that 
heals, and not the chip of an old boat. 
That is, conceit goes far in curing di- 
ftempers, though the medicine be no 
more than mere chips. As we often 
fee, that the opinion we have of a 
phylician is half the cure. 

Aficiona'do, affedionate, inclin'd 
to, well affeded to, in love with. 

Aficiona'r, to gain the affeition 
or love of others. From the Latin af- 

Aficiona'rse, to take an affeitioi» 
to any thing or perfon. 

Afie'rro, vid. Aferrar. 

Afija'r, vid. Afixár. 

Afila'dOj íharpned, ground, whet- 

Afilador, a Iharpner of tools, one 
that whets. 

Afiladura, iharpning of tools, or 

A F I L a'r, to fliarpen, to whet. 
From filo, an edge ; and that from hilo, 
a thread, lignifying an edge as fine as 
the fineft thread. 

Afilar el ingenio, to iharpen the wit. 

Afilo, fliarpning, whetting. 

Afín, to the end that. Properly 
two words. 

Afn, a kinCnan, a relation by af- 

Auna'do, brought to an end or 
conclulion, finiihed ; alfo dead, and 



A F L 

Afinador, one that finifhcs, brings 
to perfection, crtnds; a refiner. 

AriNADiiRA, apcrfciting, finilliing, 
bringing :o an end or conclulion ; alio 
dving, aifo refining. 

' Afina'r, to pcrUft, finiih, or bring 
to an end or conclulion ; to die, to 
rcnnc. Froinjí», the end ; but in the 
lafi fenfe from fi'iio, fine. It is alfo to 
tunc inlirtuncnts nicely. 

AfiNo, or Afnitmitnio, a pcrfcd fi.- 
nifliing, or tuning. 

Afinca'r, ObC vid. Ahincan 

Afinida'd, atfinity, the kindred 
that is contraiicd by marriage, without 
che tic of confanguinity. Lat affimtas. 

Afirmación, an atHrn:)ation in dif- 
courfe ; alfo making fait, or ftrcngthcn- 

Afirmadame'xte, affirmatively i 
alio firongly. 

Afirmado, affirmed with words; 
alfo made fait. 

Afirmador, one that affirms with 
words, or one that makes faft any 

Afirma'nte, a deponent, one that 
affirms any thing, or avouches, 

Afirma'r, to affirm, to reft upon, 
to avouch, to fix. In fencing, to make 
directly at one's adverfary with the 
point of one's fword. From the word 
Y?r?»e, firm, faft. 

Affirmativaj the affirmative, op- 
pofite to the negative. 

Affir.mativo, that ftands upon the 
affirmative, that faftens, or makes furc 

Afistola'do, vulgarly us'd for any 
lore that is corrupted, running, and 
mattery ; but properly that which is 
turn'd to a fiitula, oT a long callous 
■fore that runs and is difficult to be 
ciir'd. Sometimes taken for any thing 
that is mad« like a pipe, or that has 
many pipes. 

Aíistola'r, vulgarly, as above, 
taken for any fore that grows full of 
corruption, or runs ; but properly to 
grow into a fiftula, as above, verb A-fi- 
ftoládo. Alfo fometimes to play on a 
pipe, or make in the ftiapc of a pipe. 

Afixa'do, affix'd, made faft to. 

Afixa'r, to affix, make faft to. 
Tiomfixo, faft. 

A ? L 
Aflecha'tes, trie fmall ropes made 
faft acrofs the ilirouds, like ladders, for 
men to nui up ; call'd by our failors 
the rattlings of the.ihrouds. 
Aileta'do, freighted. 
Ajletamii'nto, the hirins; or 
freighnng fa fliip. 

A F R 

AfliciÓn, affliction, forrow, trou- 
ble. Lat. affliBio. 

Afligido, aíHided, forrowful, trou- 

Aflioidór, one that afflifis, trou- 
bles, or molelts others. 

Afligir, Prx'f. Afijo, to afflifl, 
trouble, grieve. Lat. affl.go. 

Aflija, Afije, Afijo; vid. Afigtr. 

Afloxa'do, grown loofer, mitiga- 
ted, aiTwaged, eas'dj wcakcn'd, llac- 

Aplosadór, one that loofens, wea- 
kens, alTwages, mitigates, flackens. 

Afloxa'r, to let loofc, to flacken, 
to mitigate, to grow eafy. From jiJxo, 

Afoxar el arco, ta unbend the bow. 

Afioxar el brio, to lofe courage. 

Afoxar el dolor, is for a pain to a- 

Afoxar las agujetas, to untie the 
points, to untrufs a point. 
A F O 

Afolla'do, blown up, as we do 
the fire ; alfo made in puffs, as was 
formerly ufed in garments to have great 
puffs of filk. 

Afolla'r, to blow, to make puffs 
upon a thing to be worn, to make a 
garment very full. From fuelles, bel-| 

Afora'do, that has got a privilege 
or charter, or one made free of a cor- 
poration that has a charter, and there- 
fore fubjciñ to its laws. From fuero, a 
privilege or charter. 

Aforamie'nto, vid. Afuero. 

Aforismo, an aphoriim, a fuccinfl 
account, a ftiort determinative fentence, 
a rule in phyfick. Lat. afhorifmus. 

Atorra 'do, lined. Andar aforrado, 
to be well lin'd, that is, warm clad. 

Aforradór, a liner. 

Aforra dura, a lining. 

Aforra'r, to line. 

Aforro, a lining. From the Go- 
thick word fodra, íigniíying the fame. 

Afortunadame'nte, fortunately, 
luckily, fücceísfully. 

Afortunando, fortunate, lucky, 
profperous, fuccefiful. 

Afortuna'r, to make or become 
fortunate or lucky. Fiom fortuna, for- 

A F R 

Afra'nje, vid. EJ'ciido afránje. 

Aírecha'do, Obí^ lifted from the 

bran, or mix'd or ñrew'd with bran. 

Afrechadúra, Obf bran ; alfo 

A F U 

Afre'cho, Obf. bran. 
Afre'nta, an aftront, a diihonour. 
or diigrace. From frente, the forehead ;, 
becaulc when a man is affronted, ic 
appears in his face. 

Prov. ^úén no fabe callar fu afrenta, 
no fabrá callar la agéna : He that can- 
not conceal his own fliame, will not 
conceal another's. It is plain enough, 
that if a man has not ienfc enough to 
fpare himiclf, another cannot expeft it 
from him. 

Afrlnta'do, affronted, diflionour- 
ed, difgraced. 

Afrentador, one that affronts or 
difhonours another. 

Afrenta'r, to affront, difgrace, or 

Afrentosame'nte, diihonourably, 
ihamefully, after a difgraceful manner. 
Afrentoso, diíhoaourable, fliame- 
ful, difgraceful. 

Africa, one of the four parts into 
which the known world is divided, 
and the third before the difcovery of 
America. Its principal divifions are 
Egypt, Barbary, Biledulgerid, or Niimi- 
dia, Zaara or Libya, Nigritia, Ethio- 
pia, and the country of the Cafres. 

Africam'o, an African, one bora 
in Africk, or any thing belonging to ;. 

AfrÍco, the fouth-weft wind. Lat. 

Afronta'r, to confront, as is 
ufed with witnefles and criminals. 
In old Spaniilr it íígnified to require, 
and fometimes to aftront. 
A F U 
Afue'r, after the manner. From 
fuero, aVuftom or privilege. So it fig- 
nines according to the cuftom, privi- 
leae, or ufage of a place. 

the. mixing or compounding with bran. 

Afrecha'x, Obf. to lift the bran 

Afleta's, to iircj to freight afiiip.-lout of the meal; alfo tOEnij any thing 

p.vith bracv. -^ . ■ - 

JPforn fete,, freight. 

Afue'ra, without; alfo a word of.^ 
command, as make room. 

Afce'ros, a word ufed among mer- 
chants, lignifying the rate put upon the 
goods at the cuftom-houfe, or the ge- 
neral valuation of them in order to paj ^ 
the king's duties. Viom fuero, thecíii- 
tom, law, or ufage of the place. It is 
alfo in fome places calFd Aforamiénics. 

Afufa'r, to fcamper, to make way, 
tc^fly. A fort of cant word. 

Afuste, the carriage for a gun by 
land, which are long, and with high 
wheels, fit to be drawn by horfcs ; for 
the carriages of guns at fea in Spanilh 
are called CureJias.. 

Afuzia, Obf. confidence, hope. . 

Afuíia'do, put in hope. 

Afuzia'r, to put in hope, to aflííire.' . 
From fuzia, that from the Latin 



AG A. 

A G A 

A G A 

Aga', an Aga or commander nf chc 
Janizaries in Tiirky. 

Aga,.apa'do, Iquactcd down like a 
hare or rabbet. 

Agacapador, one that iquats down 
like a hare. 

Aga^apaaue'ntOj fquatting down 
like a hare. 

Agacapa'r, or Agapapárfe, to fquat 
down like a hare or rabbet. From 
gac^Oy a young rabbet. 

Acacha'do, fquatted, lying clofe 
or Sat. 

Agacha'r, to lie fquat or fiat. 
Ttom gachas, a Ibrt of hafly-pudding 
or batter, which, wherever it lights, 
falls flat ; and we fay, as flat as a pan- 

Agalana'do, fet out, made fine, 

Agalana'r, to deck, to make fine, 
to adorn. 

Aga'lla, a gall, fuch as ink is 
made of. A kernel in the flefli, the 
gill of any filh, the almonds of the 

Agalla lie Acipris, the cypreis-nut. 
Tener caídas ¡as agallas, to have the 
almonds of the ears down. 

Agallones, great hollow filver 
beads, like gall , of which the country 
brides in Spain us'd to wear firings for 

Agapito, Agapitus, a proper name 
of a man, fignifying beloved, or lovely. 
Aga'r, Hagar, Abraham^ hand- 
maid, on whom he begot IpmaeU The 
name fignifies remote. 

Agarl'no, a moor, an Arab, any 
of the race of Ipmael the fon of Htigar. 
Aga'rico, agarick, a white fweet- 
fmelling miifliroom, which fhines in 
the night, and grows on high trees, 
eipecially the larix. 

Agarra'do, gralp'd, grip'd, laid 
faft hold of. 
»-^garra'r, to grafp, to gripe, to 
lay faft hold of, as birds of prey do 
with their talons, caird^íí»T.7í,whcnce 
this word. 

Agarkocha'do, prick'd or {luck 
with thofc little darts they ufe in Spain 
to throw at bulls lo fret them. 

Agarrocha'e, to prick, or ilick 
full of thofe fmall darts they ufe in 
Spain, called garrochas,, to prick and 
fret the bulls at the bull-feacis. 

Agasaja'do, much made of, kindly 
treated or entercain'd. . 

Agasajv'r, to make much of, , tc 
' iseat or entertain lovingly. 

Agasajo, kind ana loi-inf ufage 

A G I 

and entertainment, making much of 

'Agata, the flone call'd an agate. 

Agata'do, creeping on all four. 

Agata'r, to creep on all four like 
a cat. From galo, a cat. 

A ga'tas, going on all four like a 
cat. Two words. 

Aga'thocles, a tyrant of Sicily, 
fon of a potter, 

Agavilla'do, trufs'd or bundled 
up, tied up like a faggot. 

Agavilla'r, to trufs or bundle up, 
to tie up like a faggot. From gavilla, 
a faggot. 

Agazapando, fquatted down like a 

Agazapa'r, to fquat down like a 


Agega'do, Obf, got together ; for 

Agena'do, alienated, eftranged. 

Agenador, one that alienates or 

Agen amie'nto, alienating, eArang- 

Agena'r, to alienate, to efirange, 
to turn off, to turn away. 

Age'no, that which is not a man's 
own ; what belongs to another, ftrauge, 
a matter one is unacquainted with. 

Agenolla'do, Obf. kneeling. 

Agenolla'r, Obf. to kneel. From 
the French agenciiille'r. 

Agenúz, cockle, the weed that 
grows among corn. 

Acer, a ftrong town and caftle in 
the province of Catalonia in Spain, 
feated on the river Segre, thi'ee leagues 
from Balagiier, containing about 400 

Aclra'to, a kind of agrhnony ; 
fome call it mawdün and eupatory. 

Agesta'do, countenanc'd ; as biin 
agejl/ido, one that, has a good face or 

A G I 

A'g I, G.'/iBe^-pcpper. It grows in 
both the Indies and in Africk, in lono 
cods, firll: green, then red, fullofilat 
lOund white feeds, both they and the 
cod very biting, much us'd in Spain 
inftead of common pepper, and, w.hen 
green, pickled as we do cucumbers, 
rhe word agi, is Arabick, and the qe- 
neral and Spanilh name Pimiento, or 
Pimentón. See Axi. 

Agible, practicable, that can be 
done. From the Latin ag:re, to do. 

Agijqn, or Aguijón, a prick, a flirig, 
a goad, a iharp point to prick with. 

(\'g I L, nimble, active. Fronv the 
Latin ag.lis, . 


Agina'ldo, vid. Aguinálclif. 

Agiontaíiie'nto, prcífure, a hard' 
circumílance. Obf. 

Agirona'do, a garment that has 
three-corner'd pieces, or gores in it, 

Agirona'r, to put three-corner'd' 
pieces or gores into a garment. From 
girón, fuch a piece. 

Agitación, agitation. 

Agita'do, agitated, held in hand ; 
alfo molefted, vexed. 

Agita'r, to agitate, to be about 
doing a thing ; alio to molcft, to vex. 
From the Latin agito. 

Agitídes, the veins under the 

A G L 

Aglaya'do, fiupify'd, aftonifli'd, 
benum'd with any accident or f.irprize. 

Aglaya'r, to ftupify, aftonilb, or 
amaze with any fudden accident or 

Agla'vo, Obf. furprize, aíloniíh- 
ment, fiupefaition. 

A G N 

Agna'do, a kinfman by the father's 
fide. Lat. agnaius, 

A g N o c a's T o, a Ibrt of ozicr 
call'd the chafte tree, becaufe it 
fupprelles imaginations of venery. It 
is alio good againft the fpleen and 
dropfy, increaics milk, and provokes- 
urine. Sec R.iy Hift. Plant, and Blanc, ■ 
Phyf. Ditt. Lat. cajlm. 

Agnus Dli, a flat cake of wax, 
caft with a lamb on one fide, and ionie 
other figure on the reverfe ; lb call'd ' 
from the lamb on it, blefs'd by the 
Pope, and kept as a rclick. Lat. Agnin ■ 


Agola'r la i/éla, to hoift the fail ar. 
high as it will go. 

Agona'les ; juegos agonales, Iports 
or games celebrated formerly in Rome ' 
in honour of Janus, as C-jid has it^ ■ 
Pa¡t. I. or, according to F?/?7//, in ho- 
nour of the God Agonii'S. Servias fays, 
th:y were inftituted hy Angujitis after 
his vidory over Antl:o?:y. They were 
call'd Aginalia, or Agonales Ltidi, from 
the Greek Ag:n, fignifying fports and 
combats, or Drifes, becaufe there was 
wreUling, running, and sthcr manly ' 

Agonía, an agony, the great dtf- 
orJer a man is put into by any anguifl: ■ 
or paillon, or the agony of death. Lat. 

Agonia'eo, in an agcny¿ diíbrder- 
ed, in great anguiih. 

Aconiza'r, to be in great anguifo, . 
to besiving.up the ghoit 

AxOE.^jfroa rfju.r,now at thjs ti-cT?. . 



Agora f¿t<', a while ago, not long 

Acorar, to divine, to tell fortunes, 
to gucfs , alio to be liiperltitious in ob- 
fcrx'ing li¿iii of what will happen, or 
omens Trom agiim, an omen. 

AooRLKo, a I'oothfayer, a fottiiuc- 
tcller ; «ne that is fuptrllitious in ob- 
fervinj; ligns of what will happen, or 

Agorería, foretelling of things to 
con-.e, fonuiK'-tclling, or fuptniition 
ill obferving omens. 

Agostadi.'ro, a fummcr-houfe, a 
cool place to keep cattle in the heat cf 
fuuinicr ; alio any place to lay up the 

with the heat of the fun. 

AoosTADOK, one who lives in a 
fummcr-houfc, or in a cool place. In 
cant, one that ipends another man's 

Agosta'r, to gather in the harveft. 
From agojfc, becaufc Aiigujl is the great 
han'sd month. Alio to relide in lome 
cool place i:i the heat of fummer, which 
is moll violent i 11 yJ/ig-K/2 ; to dry, wi- 
ther, or parch in the heat of the fun. 
In canr, to ipcnd, to confume. 

Agostizo, born or brought forth 
in Augiiji ; alfo parch'd, wither'd, or 
burnt up with the fun. 

Agosto, the month of .^«^«y?. Lat. 
Augufius. It is alfo frequently us'd to 
fignify the harvcll, becaufc Augufi is 
the great harvcft month. 

Prov. ///jteV /« agojlo: To make 
one's haiveft. This in the literal fenfci 
metaphorically, to make hay while 
the fun ihines. To gather wealth, or 
make one's advantage of time and op- 

Prov. Agojlo y 'ueridtmia no es cada 
<&'■« i y fi cada año, irnos con ganancia, 
otros con daño: The harvcft and vintage 
come not every day ; and tho' they 
come every year, it is fometimes with 
gain, and fometiines with lofi. To ad- 
roonifli us to make ufe of thofe favour- 
able opportunities that otfer, becaufc 
they come not often. 

Prciv. Agofiofrio en rójlro : In Augujl 
cold in the face. That is, in AHguJl 
the fun declines, and there begin to be 
cold mornings and evenings. We fay, 
St. Bartholomew brings the cold dew. 

Piov. £« agojlo n-uas y nwjlo : In 
AuguJl grapes and new wine. Then 
the grapes are ripe, and wine is made. 
This is alfo to exprefs, that every thing 
muft be done in its proper feafon. 

Prov. §uá)ido Uuéve en agojlo, llueve 
miel y mójlo : When i; rains in Augtijl, 

A G R 

it rains honey and wine. Becaufe it 
tills the graj'cs, which makes n-uch 
wine, and brings i:p frelh herb' and 
Bowers after the heat i.r funmu r, for 
the bees to work on. >Vc fay, it rains 
butter and cheefe. 

Pio\-. §ttúndo lloviire en agojlo, no 
iches tti dinero en mojlo : When it rains 
in AiiguJl, do not lay ovx your money 
upon « ine ; becaufe the rain fills the 
grape and makes it watery, fb that the 
wine is fmall, and does not keep fo 
well as when the iealbn is dry. 

Agota'do, drain'd, drawn out to 
the laft drop. 

Agotador, one that empties or 

Agotadura, emptying to the laft 
drop, or draining. 

Acotar, to empty to the laft drop, 
to drain, to cxhaull. From gota, a 

Agotar la paciencia, to tire one's pa- 

Agotar la haziénda, to run out an 

Agotar un foco, to drain a well. 

Agotar nil jarro, to drink up the li- 
quor to the lalt drop. 

Agote, a leper, one that is infeil- 
ed with a leprofy. 

Agovia'do, bow'd, bending, ftoop- 
ing, as men do with old age. 

Agovia'r, to bow, to bend, to 
Hoop as men do with old age. 
A G R 

Agracia'do, well favoitr'dj well 
fliap'd, or well behav'd. 

Acracia'r, to make things grace- 
ful, well ihap'd, or well favour'd. 
From gracia, grace. 

Agrazones, green goosberries. 

Agrada^ble, grateful, acceptable, 
pleaiing, of a courteous behaviour. 

Agradaeleme'nti, gratefully, ac- 
ceptably, pleafingly, after a taking 

Agrada'do, plcas'd. 

Agrada'r, to pleafe. From the 
Lat.^f<j:/«/, acceptable. 

AgRedece'r, Prsf. To agredefco, to 
give thanks. From gracias, thanks. 

Agradecido, grateful, thankful ; 
alio thank'd. 

Prov. Al agradecido, mas de lo pedido : 
To a grateful man more than is ask'd. 
That is, grant him more than he asks, 
becaufc gratitude deferves it. 

Agradecimie'nto, thankfulnefi, 

Agradesce'r, vid. Agradecer, 

Agra'do, pleaiing, obliging beha- 

Acraxece'e, Obf. vid. A^adedr. 

A G R 

Agrame'nte, fowcily, fliarply, fe-^ 

Agramónia, vid. Agrimonia. 

Agramonte, a Cnall town in the 
province of Catalonia in Spain. 

Agrava'do, aggravated, made hea- 
vy, labouring imder a burthen, as of 
years, or cares, or diftenipcrs. 

Agrava'r, to aggravate, to make 
heavy ; for age or a difteniper to in- 
crcafc and bear down a man. From 
grave, heavy. 

Agravia'do, wrong'd, injur'd. 

Agravia'r, to wrong, to injure. 
From the Latin gravo, to burthen. 

Agra'vio, a wrong, an injury, 

Prov. Vn agravie con/em ido, ¿tro ve- 
nido: The taking of one wrong brings 
on another. Becaufe thofe that will 
do wrong, grow upon our patience. 

Agra'z, green fowcr grapes. 

Agraze'jo, the holm-tree. From 
the Greek agria. 

A'greda, a town in the kingdom 
o( Aragón, fuppofed by fome to be the 
ancient Gracchuris, by others AngiiJlo- 
briga ; alfo a fmall city of the Spaniards 
in the kingdom of Popayan in South 

Agregación, heaping together, ga- 
thering into one place ; alfo acculing, 
or laying to one's charge. 

Agrega'do, heap'd together, ga- 
ther'd into one place ; alfo accus'd or 
laid to one's charge. 

Agregadór, one that heaps toge- 
ther ; alio an accufer, one that lays 
things to another's charge. 

Agregamie'nto, heaping together, 
gathering into one place ; alfo acculing 
or laying to another's charge. 

Agrega'r, to gather into one place» 
to heap together ; alfo to accufe, or 
lay to one's charge. From the Latía 
aggrego, to gather. 

Agre'lles, the herb forreL A word 
little m ufe. 

Acre's, a town in the kingdom of 
Valencia, on the ridge of mount JVÍ4^tí^ 
ola ; it has a ftrong caftle, but not a- 
bove 1 60 houfes. 

Agre'ste, mftick, clownilh, un- 
polilh'd, country like. Lat. agrejlis. 

Agre'te, aigerilh, tartilh. 

Agriame'nte, fowerly, tartly, ie- 

Agricultor, an husbandman. 

AGRictTLTÚRA, husbandry, tillage. 
From the Lat. ager, a field, and colertf 
to till. 

Agrifolio, the holm or holly- tree. 
Lat. agrifolium. 

Agrillo, foweriíh, íharpiíh ; met. 
pettiíh, or froward. 


A G U 

Agrimonia, the herb agrimony, or 

A'grio, Iharp, lower, tart. Met. 
peeviih, ill-natur'd ; alfo fteep, as. 

Subida agria, a lleep afcent. 

A'g r o, vid, yigrio, fower. Alio a- 
inong poetical writers, a field. From 
the Latin ager. 

Agror, íbwernefs, IharpneC, tart- 
nefs. Met. haríhneís of temper. 

Agruadór, Obf. a fonune-teller, 
an augur. 

Agrura, fliarpnefs, tartnefs, fower- 
nefs. Met. haríhneü of temper. 
A G U 

A'gua, water. From the Lat. aqua. 

Agua de ángeles, angels water ; a 
ibrt of fweet water extraded from fe- 
veral fweet flowers of a moil delicious 
fcent, and therefore fo call'd. 

A'gua de azahar, orange-flower wa- 

A'gua rofáda, rofe-water. 

A'gua de trébol, fweet trefoil-water. 

A'gua bendita, holy water. 

Agua cirfina, a water betwixt the 
skin and the flefti. 

A'gua ardíe>jte,bi¡indy, or any ftrong 

A'gua pié, a imall liquor made of the 
grapes Iqueez'd a fecond time with 
water among them,, after the wine has 
been prefi'd out. So call'd, as it were 
the waitings of feet. 

A'gua nieve, a fleet, half rain half 

A'gua acerada, chalybiate, or fteel- 

A'gua »z/e7, water and honey, a fmall 
fort of hydromel, or mead. 

A'gua carit'Ua, a ibrt of houfleek that 
grows upon the tops of houfes. 

A'gua llovediza, rain-water. 

A'gua chirk, water bewitch' d, any 
poor liquor good for nothing. 

A'gua manoj, water to waih the 

A'gua de pá£h, a running water. 
^fc-^«<» viva, ipring-water, or a flow- 
ing water. 

A'gua va ; verbatim it is, water goes ; 
the word ufed in Spain to give jiotice 
when any thing is thrown out of the 
window, for people in the ftreet to a- 
void it, 

A'guas vivas, the fpring-tidc, which 
falls out with the full of the moon, 
when the water rifes higheft with the 
flood, and falls loweft with the ebb. 

A'guas chifles, the neap-tide, which 
happens when the moon is in the mid- 
dle of the fecond and laft quarter. It 
is the oppofite to the fpiing ; for in this 
the water never rifes fo high, nor falls 

A G U 

lb low, as in the fpring-tidc. The 
loweft neap-tide is four days before the 
full or change of the moon. 

A'guas muertas, ñanding waters ; 
alio low tides or neap-tides. Alfo the 
city Aigues Mortes in Languedoc in 

A'guas vertientes, waters that fail 
from mountains. 

A'guas mayores y menores, a way of 
children exprelling themfelves at fchool, 
lignifying to make water and eafe 
themielvcs both. 

A'guas, it is alio fometimes taken 
for urine, and for the waters in wa- 
ter'd fluffs and filks or itufls. 

Hace agua el navio, the íhip is leeky. 

Mas claro que el agua, clearer than 
water. This they fay of any matter 
that is eafy, without any difficulty. 

La lengua del agua, the edge of the 

Acharfe al agua ; verbatim, to leap 
into the water ; metaphorically, to 
launch out, to venture upon any thing 
that is difficult or dangerous. 

A'y más déjfo que de agua, there is 
more of that than of water. To exprefs 
the great plenty of it, that nothing is 
more common. 

Jio dar tm jarro de agua, not to 
give a pitcher of water. That is, to 
give nothing, to be niggardly in the 
higheil degree. 

Prov. Faltarle ha el agua : He will 
want water. To lignify an idle lazy 
peribn, that can get nothing; or one 
io unfortunate, that nothing fucceeds 
with him. 

Prov. Dale el agua a la boca : The 
water is up to his mouth. He is in the 
utmoft danger. 

Prov. No vale fus orejas Uénas de 
agua : He is not worth his ears full 
of water. That is, worth nothing, 
iince nothing fo cheap as water, and 
no lefs quantity than what a man can 
hold in his ears. 

Prov. Baylar el agua delante: To 
dance with the water before one. That 
is, to be very nimble or quick in per- 
forming one's duty, or pleafing another. 
Taken from the maids watering the 
rooms and courts in Spain in hot wea- 
ther againft their mailers come, doing 
it nimbly, as if they were dancing, as 
they carry and fcatter the water before 

Prov. Llevar el agua a fu molino : 
To carry the water to his own mill. 
That is, to turn all things to one's 
own advantage. 

Prov. Tener el agua a la garganta : 
To be up to the neck in water. To 

A G U 

be in imminent danger. 

Prov. Defeado como agua de mayo: 
Wiíh'd for like rain in May. This 
they fay of any thing they earnclily 
dedre or covet, becaufe in Spain rain 
in May fills the corn, and prevents any 
fcarcity, which often follows a dry 
May, and is good for the vineyards. 

Prov. A'gua de marco pear que man- 
cha en paño : March rain is worfe than 
a fpot in cloth. Becaufe the fpot may 
be taken out, but the rain that falls in 
March fpoils the corn fo that is cannot 
be retriev'd. 

Prov. A'gua fria fama cria, agua 
roxa fama efcófca : Cold water breeds 
the itch, red water cures the itch. 
That is, cold water is unwholfomc, 
but wine, (ignify'd by red water, cures 
difeafes. A good fellow's proverb. 
We fay, Water breeds frogs in the 
belly, and wine kills the worms. 

Prov. A'gua fria y pan caliente nunca. 
hicieron buen vientre : Cold water and 
hot bread never did well in the belly. 
There is another to this fame purpoíé- 

Prov. A'gua al higo, y a la p'ra vino : 
Water to the fig, and wine to the 
pear. That is, drink water with the 
rig, and wine with the pear ; becaufe 
they reckon the fig of a hot nature, 
and the pear cold. 

Prov. A'gua de mayo, pan para todo 
el am: Rain in May is bread for all the 
year. That is, it fills and brings up 
the corn, fb that there is a plentiful 
harveft, and no want all the year. 

Prov. A'gua fria y pan caliente mata 
hi gente : Cold water and hot bread 
kill people. That is, they are both un- 

Prov. A'gua de por San yuan quita vi- 
no, y no da pan : Rain about midfum- 
mer fpoib the wine, and does not 
mend the corn. It being then harv'elt 
in Spain, the corn receives no advan- 
tage, and the grapes at that time have 
need of fair weather to ripen them, 
whereas much rain rots them. 

Prov. A'gua de cepas y orinal, te pon- 
drá» en el hofpitál: Water of the vines 
and the urinal wiU carry you to the 
hofpital. That is, drunkennefs, fig- 
nified by water of the vine, which is 
no other than wine, will make you 
difeas'd ; and the urinal, by which is 
fignified the charge of doftors and a- 
pothecaries will impoverifh you, fo 
that you will come at lail to the ho- 

Prcv. A'gua ni enferma, ni emleód/t, 
ni adeuda : Water neither makes lick, 
nor drunk, nor iinpoverifliss. 


A G U 

Prov. Agua trotaAa i unto xial como 
ctV'tda ■• Water that has been trotted 
over is as g^oJ as barky. That is, it 
is gooJ for horftJ to drink ivatcr that 
has been diliurbcJ, as generally count- 
ed better than the clearcli. 

Prov. A' glut n:ala hervida y . colada : 
Bad water iiiuft be boil'd and ftrain'd. 
That is, to make it pure and whol- 

Prov. jigua fibre poho, y yélo foLre 
tiido : Water upon dult, and froll upon 
both. This, they fay, is good to bring 
up the corn ; that is, plentiful rain af- 
ter the fununer's drought, and then 
nipping frolis in winter to kill weeds, 
and keep the corn back. 

Prov. Agua de agojlo, azafratí, y miel, 
y mofo : Rain in Augiifi produces faf- 
fion, honty, and wine. 

Prov. A'giiafobre aqu,i, ni lálefúyn, 
n: íopa: Neither cloak nor ecu will 
hold out againil rain upon rain. That 
is, when repeated fliowcrs fall upon 
Wet cloaths, they cannot hold out. Or 
metaphorically, when misfortunes come 
one upon the neck of another, there is 
no withltanding them. 

Prov. A'giia alaxo a la ccr.ti'na, at:- 
varal a la marhia : Keep always down 
jilong with the water, that is, the ri- 
ver, and you'll hit the way to the fea- 
iidc. That is, follow always the fi:re 
waj', as rivers certainly run to the fea, 
and, tho' it be lon^, you will certain- 
ly come to your intended end. 

Prov. A'giia fibre agua, vi cura )¡i la- 
ta : Water upon water neither cures 
nor waflies. That is, too much of one 
thing is good for nothing. 

Pi ov. A'ciia •vertida 710 toda cogida : 
Water that is fpiit cannot all be taken 
up. What is profufely and lavillily 
thrown away can never be gather'd 
up again. 

Prov. A'irjia de fierra, y fiinilra de pie- 
dra : Water of the mountain, and fiiade 
offtone. That is, they are the beft, 
as waterthat runs from rocky hills, and 
the (bade of a Hone wall better than 
that of trees. 

Prov. A'gtfa y fol para ¡as lucrtas es 
lagarta, y para las pulgón : Rain 
and funfliine are caterpillars in or- 
chards, and worms in vineyards. That 
is, much rain with hot funlhine gleams 
between, dellroy botji orchards and 
vi.uycrds, and breed infefls and worms 
that d.vour them. 

l-io\ . A'gua coge con harnero qui c» fe 
cree de ligero : He takes up water in a 
li^ \ e -CT ho is eafy of belief. That is 
he is deceiv'd, and labours in vain! 
who credits every thing he liears. 

A G U 

Prov. Del agua manfa me guarde 
Dios, cjue de la brava me guardaré y ó : 
God defend me from the ÜUI water, 
for I'll keep my felt from the rough. 
That is the plain fenfe, God keep me 
fiom being allured to go upon the wa- 
ter when It is fine and Imooth, and io 
running my fclf into danger ; for when 
I fee the water rough, and llormy wea- 
ther, I'll be fure to keep oft" it. But 
the figurative fenfe a, God defend me 
from fawning and fair-fpoken deceitful 
people, who fecm all faints without, 
and are devils within ; for 1 fliall my 
feif take care to avoid thofj that are 
publickly boifterous or icandalous. 

Prov. Aora hervía, y yú es i'igua fría : 
Juft now it boiled, and now it is cold 
water. Metaphorically of one that is 
in a great heat or paillon, and is fright- 
ed into a ftidden calmnels. 

Prov. Ccn águ.i pajfáda no muele tito- 
lino : The mill does not grind with wa- 
ter that is run by. What is pail can 
do us no kindnels, 

Prov. Del agua mánft fe guarda, que 
la re'.ia prcfo fe pájfa : Take heed of a 
foft rain, for that which falls violent 
is foon over. This is true in the plain 
icnfe of the words, but metaphorically 
lignifies, you mult have a care of pa- 
tient men, who are not ealily mov'd, 
but, when anger'd, hold it long ; for 
chokrick hafty perfons are generally 
iboneft appeafed. 

Prov. El agua fn color, olor, ni fahor : 
Water muft have neither colour, taile, 
nor Cnell. 

Prov. Mas vale un agua entre abril 
y mayo, que los bueyes y el carro : A good 
Ikowcr of rain betwixt April and May 
is worth more than the cart and oxen. 
That is, to fhow how fcaibnabk rain 
is in April and juft the beginning of 

Prov. No OS lavaréis défia con quanta 
itgua Uy en el rio : You will not wafh 
away this fiain with all the water in 
the river. You'll never wipe oft' this 

Prov. Mas vale agua del cielo, que 
todo el riego : Water from heaven, that 
is, rain, is better than any watering. 
Experience fhows this to be true. 

Prov. No eches agua en la fal, que te 
faldní mal: Do not throw water into 
fait, for it will tiu-n to an ill account. 
That is, do not provoke your friends, 
left you lofe them. 

Prov. Fcr turbia que efe, no digas 
défa tfgua no beberé : Tho' it be never 
fo much troubled, do not fay I will 
not drink of this water. That is, tho' 
a thing be never fo mean, ¿o not fay I 

A G U 

%vill never floop to it, or I ihall never 
be in fuch a mean condition, lincc no- 
thing is certain in this life. 

Prov. ^ién echa agua en la garrafa 
de golpe, mas derrama que ella cóje : 
He who pours water into a bottle ha- 
itily (piis more than goes in. That is, 
he who is too rafll and hafty in his bu- 
linels üoes more harm than good. The 
more hafte the worfe Ijieed. 

Acua'ca, a great water; alfo the 
water that breeds betwixt the skin and 
the iiefii. 

Agua^a'do, very well foak'd or 
ileep'd in water. 

Agua^a'l, a watry marfliy place. 

AguA(^a'r, to ftcep, wet, or Ibak. 
From itgua, water. 

A&uaca'te, a pendant, fuch as wo- 
men wear at their ears, or the like. 

Aguaca'tl, a fort of fruit growing 
in Ne-w Spain, on a tree like a walnut- 
tree, but thicker. It is fomctimes long 
like a pear, and ibmetimes round. The 
colour without is green, and green and 
white within, with a large kernel in 
the middle. It is of a moft exquilite 
tafte, and therefore eaten either raw, 
with fair, or b-il'd, being very unitu- 
ous and fvveet. Phylicians count it hor, 
and therefore forbid it to nurfes, for 
fear they lliould lofe their milk. All 
that have taiied it do allow ic ex- 
ceeds the bell fruit in Europe. GemeU. 
vol. 6. lib. 1. cap. 10. 

Aouace'ro, a violent fliower or 
ftorm of rain. 

Agua'da, watering, or taking fireih 
water into a fliip. 

Agu ada'ña, more properly G«¿»rfrt«rf, 
a iythe. • 

Aguade'ras, [in falconry] the flags, 
which are four feathers in each wing 
of the hawk, the next to the lix prin- 
cipal feathers, call'd in Spaniih ítwc/jjÍK)/, 
and in Englifh farcel feathers. 

Aguade'ras, a frame fet on a horfe 
or als, to hold pitchers to carry wa- 

Aguade'ro, a watering-plac^^ • 
place to take water; alio a water- 

Aguador, a water-carrier, one that 
fells water. 

Agua'do, water'd, alfo a water- 
drinker ; but 

Cavállo aguado, is a founder'd 

Aguaducho, a conduit or water- 
courfe. Properly a gutter made by i 
íiidden rain. 

Aguaia'c, a fweet gum. Arabick. 

Aguaita'do, wacch'd for, Iain in 
wait for. 


A G U 

Aguaitador, one that watches, 
or lies in wait for another. 

Aguaitamie'nto, an ambuih or 
fnare, watching and lying in wait for 

Aguaita'r, to He in wait, to He 
in ambuih, to wait to infuare another 
This word, and thofe above derived 
fi-om it, are obfolete, and out of ufc. 

Aguamaníl, an ewer to carry wa- 
ter to waih the hands. 

Aguamanos, water to waih the 
hands. Properly two words. 

Aguamie'l, water and honey, hy- 
dromel, mead. Properly two words. 

Aguanoso, watry. 

Aguapié', vid. Agua. 

Agüanta'do,. kept off, ílav'd off. 

Aguanta'r,' to thruft, or keep off 
with the hand, to ftave off; to flap 
or drive away, as we do flies, with a 
glove. From guiante, a glove. • 

Agua'r, to water. 

Aguar vim, to mix wine and water. 

Aguar placeres, to difturb, allay, or 
Ipoil pleafures. 

Aguarda'do, expefled, attended, 
flay'd, or waited for. 

Aguarda'r, to expeft, to attend, 
to ftay,.towait for. From guardar, 
to keep. 

Aguardar, in mufick is to make reils 
or pauies. 

Aguardar por la deuda, to forbear a 
debt, and not arreft the debtor. 

No aguardar razones, to proceed 
without hearing reafon. 

Agu ATOCHO, the cock of a conduit, 
a tap, a fyringe. 

Aguatiilco, a fmall river in the 
province of Gnaxaca in the kirfgdcni of 
Isell) Spain in the IVefi Indies, falling 
into the fouth fea, in about i6 degrees 
of north latitude. 

Agu AX a'cí.ue, gum ammoniack. 
Arabick. - 

Aguayta'do, vid. Aguaitado. 
Aguaytadór, V\á. Aguaitador. 
_ A guaytamie'nto, vid. Agüatta- 

AguÁyta'r, xiÁ. Aguaitar. 

Agu^ade'ra, a grindllone, or a 

Agu^anie've, the bird call'd a wag- 

Agucí A, íharpnefs, readineG, quick- 
ncfs of wit. 

Agucia'do, íliarpned. 

Agucia'r, to íliarpen, to quicken 
the wit. From agudo, íharp. 

Agudame'nte, Tíharply, readily, 

A G u D e'z A, íharpnefs, readinefs , 
quickneis of wit, piercing of i^ght ; alfo 


the fliarpnefs of the edge of a tool. 

Agudilloj fharpilh, ora little Iharp 
fellow. The diminutive of agudo. 

Agudo, íllarp, that has a cutting 
edge ; alio one that has a quick ready 
wit ; aifo a peribn that cannot flay 
long in a place. 

A'gueda, a town in Portugal of 
about 400 houics, three leagues from 
Aveyro, on the banks of a river of its 
own name ; fuppos'd to be the ancient 

Ague'la, a grandmother. 

IProv. 'Bramos treinta, y parió nuépra 
agüela : We were thirty, and our 

I grandmother was brought to bed. This 
they fay, when there are many at a 
ihort allowance, and another comes in 
to take ihare of it, fo that others are 
ftill fuft'erers by his coming. As when 
a poor body has many children, and 
ftill their number increafes. 
Ague'lo, a grandfather. 
Prov. Ay agüelo, fembrájle ala¡ór, 
naciónos anapélo: Alas, grandfather, you 
fow'd faftVon, and there came up 
wolfs-bane, which is a póiíbnous herb. 
This they fay, when any thing that 
was done for the beft proves very un- 
fortunate. The occaiion of the proverb, 
they fay, was a grandfather who mar- 
ry'd a granddaughter to one he had a 
great conceit of, and he proved a meer 
rake ; whereupon another granddaugh- 
ter cry'd. Grandfather, you fovid faf- 
fron, (which is rich and cordial, mean- 
ing he thought he had got an excellent 
grandlbn-in-law) and there came up 
the poifonous wolfs-bane ; that is, he 
proved a vile husband. 

Prov. ^ién no fabe de agüelo, no fake 
de bueno: He that has not known a 
grandfather, has known no good. Be- 
caufe grandfathers are generally lb fond 
of their grandchildren. 

Prov. Llorarte he agüelo que agora 
no puedo : I'll mourn for you grand- 
father ( fubintelligitur hereafter,) for 
ncrtv I cannot. A jear upon thofe who 
arc not concern'd for the lofs of their 
friends, efpecially thofe who inherit 
eftates, and think their parents have 
lived too long ; and therefore fecm to 
fay, I iltall weep when I am at leifure 
for the lofs of a father, for now I am 
bufy about my inheritance. 

Ague'ra, Agüero, vid. Agoritr. 
Ague'ro, an omen, a iuperftitious 
obfervation, or fign of what is to hap- 

Agugera'do, bored, pierced full of 
lióles. ■ 

Agugera'r, to bore, to pierce full 
of holes. 


Aguge'ro, a hole. 
Aguge'ta, a point. 
Agugete'ro, a point-maker. 
Aguja, a needle ; alio an obelisk; 
alfo the iharp point of the loin of any 

Aguja de hojfar, a ftitching-needle. 
Agiija de jalmar, a great packing- 

Aguja de marear, the fea-compaís. 

Aguja marina, a fiíli with a long 

iharp beak like a needle ; alfo an herb 

with a kind of blade ihootiiig out 

iharp, call'd ftorks bill. 

Aguja yerba, the herb call'd ilorks- 
bill, or itiepherds-needle. 

Prov. Meter aguja, yfacár reja : To 
give or ftick in a needle, and take a- 
way a bar. That is, to make a great 
advantage of a Cnall coft, to give ibme 
flight thing in hopes of a confiderable 
return. We fay, to fteal a goofe, and. 
flick a feather. 

Prov. Aojui perdi un aguja, aqui la 
hallaré: Here I loft a needle, and here 
I will find it. Said when a man has 
been lofer by a farm, or any fuch un- 
dertaking, and refolves to go on in 
hopes to lick himfelf whole again. 

Prov. Aguja de San Germán: Saint 
German's needle. By this they exprefs 
a reftlefs perlón, that cannot be IHll, 
but is ever in motion ; but what is the 
reaibn of it I have not found. 

Prov. Si quieres fer polido, trae 4- 
gt'tja y hilo: If you will be neat, carry 
a needle and thread about you. That 
if any thing be amiis, you may be rea-, 
dy to mend it. 

Prov. Aguja en pajar : A needle in 
a flraw-loft. We fay, a needle in a 
buttle of hay. 

Aguja'da, a prick of a needle. 
Agujerando, bor'd, pierc'd fiiU of 
Agujera'r, to bore, to pierce holes. 
Agujereando, ílS Agujerado. 
AgvJekea'r, as Agujerar. 
Agujeríllo, a little hole. 
Aguje'ro, a hole; alio a needle- 
maker. Arabick. 

Prov. El agujero llama el ladrón: 
The hole calls the thief. Both Spani- 
ards and Engliih fay to the fame pur- 
pofe. The opportunity makes the thief. 
Prov. Efcúchas al agúgero, oyrás de 
tu mal y del agéiio : Lilten at the hole, 
and you'll hear ill of your fclf and o- 
thers. It is a common Englifh faying, 
that they who liften never hear good 
ofthcmfelves. They alfo fay, §uién 
azécha por agujero, veé fu duelo: He' 
I that peeps through a hole fees his for- 
row. The fenfe the fame. 
' E Prov. 

A G U 

Prov. Defpuis que me tjlái cajligán- . 
do, Clint y vittite agujtros conté en a- 
oHfl rallo: Since you have been coi- 
rciting nic, 1 have counted no holes 
in that grater. TotxprtG how little 
notice one takes of u hat another fays 
or does to him, that he is fo iJly em- 
ploy'd, as to count the holes in a gra- 

Acujr/rA, a point. Arabick. 

AcujEin.RO, a point-maker. 

Aguija, put oiv. The imperative of 

Aguija'da, putting on ; a prick 
with a goad. 

Aguijado, put on, prick'd forward. 

Aguí J ADOR, one that pricks on, or 
puts forward. 

Aguijadura, putting on, or prick- 
ing forwar.i. 

Aouija'r, to put .on, to prick for- 
ward ; to haftcn, to fpur on. 

Aguijl ÜO, gravelly, or full of peb- 
ble floncs. Tiom guija, a pebble. 

Agüijók, a goad, a prick, a fting. 

Aguí JON a'zo, a prick with a goad 
or iiing. 

Aguijonla'k, to prick forward, to 

A'g u I l a, an eagle. Lat. aquila. 

Agtiila pefcadcra, an oiprcy. 

A'guila nigra, the ha.wk called a 

Águila aiahorma, a heron. 

A'guila de fores Uanas, in cant, is a 
common plain thief. 

Acuila'r, a noble town in the ter- 
ritory of Cordoia, 7 leagues from that 
city. It contains about 2100 families, 
molt rich people, the country beins; 
good. It belongs to the Marqiiefs de 
Priego, and has four monaileries and 
two h&ipitals. 

A G u I L a'r di;l c a'm p o, a good 
town in dd Cajiile, 14 leagues from 
the city Burgos, wall'd, and has a ca- 
ille, but not above 350 families in it, 
made a niarquifate by Ferdinand and 
Elizabeth, king and queen of Cajlile 
and Aragón, and the title confcr'd on 
D. Card Fernandez Manrique, in the 
year 1491, in whofe illue it continues. 
See more of the family of Manrique un- 
der the title Najera. 

AGüiLEÑADOjhcok-nos'djOr hawk- 

Aguile'ño, of or belonging to an 
eagle; alfo hook or hawk-nos'd. 

Aguilucho, an eagle's chicken, a 
young eagle. In cant, it is one that 
has a fl-are in iiolen goods, tho' he is 
not at the iiealing of them. 

Aguika'ldo, a new years-gift. 

Agujsa'oo, oiderly, or regular. 

A H E 

Hazer aguifado, to do right, to do j 
one a kindnefi. 

Aguifai OS de acavallo, a Ibrt of horfe 
formeriy us'd in Andaluzia and Cajiik. 

Agustín, the proper mn\e AiigiiJUn, 
the Spaniards generally omitting the 
firll It. 

Agustinos, the religious order of 
the Augiijiin friars, who have taken this 
name, though it continues a diipute a- 
niong the learned, whether St. Augujlin 
was their founder, as they alkdgc ; 
for all agree he inliituted the regulars, 
which was only the reducing ofpriciis 
to live in community and under obedi- 
ence ; but whether ever he retired, as 
the friars fay, and founded the ere- 
mites, is not decided. Pope Alexander 
the fourth, in the year 1156, gather'd 
the anchorites that liv'd diipers'd, and 
appointed them the rule of St. Augujiw 
to live under, and this was the firft 
appearance oí the Augujlin friars. From 
thtfe came the 

Agujlir.os defcaUos, that is, the bare- 
foot friars of St. Augujlin, which is 
only a reformation of the others to a 
Itriiter manner of life, and thefe lail 
go bare-legg'd, and wear only fandals 
on their feet. Thoie that are fhod, 
wear a finer habit, and a very loofe 
garment over their caflbck, but all 
black, as are the bare-foot, but their 
habit courfer, and over the caflbck on- 
ly a black ihort cloak ; both wear a 
black leather girdle. 

A GUSTO, to one's mind, to one's 
liking. Two words. 

Aguxera'do, or Aguxereádo, pier- 
ced, full of holes. 

Agi/xera'r, or Aguxereár, to pierce, 
to bore flill of holes. 

Aguzade'ra, a whetftone. 

Aguzamie'nto, whetting. 

Aguzan I e've, the bird call'd a 

Aguza'r, to whet, to iharpen, to 
gnafli one's teeth. 

Aguzar las navajas el puérco,h for a 
boar to iharpen his tusks. 

Aha'o, ho, an adverb of calling. 

Ahaxa'do, rumpled, diibrder'd, ful- 

Muger alaxáda, a woman that has 
to do with many men, that has been 
too much handled, that has loil her 

Ahasa'e, to rumple, to dilbrder, 
to fully. 

A H E 

Ahecha'do, winnow'd, or fann'd. 

Ahuchador, one that winnows or 

A H I 

AHECHAD14RAS, bran or chaff, the 
winnowings of any grain. 

Ahtcha'r, to winnow, to fan. 
From lechar, to caü, becaufe it is call 

Ahelea'po, bitter as gall, or mix'd 
with gall. 

Ahelea'r, to imbitter, to mix with 
gall. From l.'iel, gall. 

Ahelca'dOj one thct has bright 
teeth, and parted from one another. 

Aherroja'do, bolted, iliackled, 
fetter'd, chain'd. 

Aherrojar, to bolt, to fliackle, 
to fetter. From hierro, iron. 

Aherrumbra'po, rufty. 

Aherrümbradúra, or AJjerrumbra- 
miento, ruft, or rufting. 

Aherrumera'r, to ruft. Viomher- 
rtimbre, ruft. 

A H I 

Ahí, there, (Ignifying place ; and al- 
io an exclamation when one does any 
thing amifs, or throws things down. 

Ahidalgadame'nte, genteely. 

Ahidalga'do, genteel, gentleman^; 

A H I d A L G a'r, to grow genteel.' 
From hidalgo, a gentleman. 

Ahija'da, a God-daughter. 

Ahija'do, a God-ion. 

Prov. Muriofe el ahijado, acalofe el 
conipadráfgo : TheGod-fon is dead, and 
there's an end of the golTipihip. This 
they fay, when they difcover one that 
was a friend only for interell, and, 
when that ceas'd, fell off. 

Ahija'r, to beget Ipiritually, to 
take for one's God-Ion. From hijo, a 

Ahua'do, ready to ftarve, pin'd a- 
way with hunger. 

Ahilamie'nto, ftarving, pining a- 
way with hunger. 

Ahilamiento de ráfpas de trigo, the 
rows of the beards of corn. 

Ahila'rse, to ftarve, to pine away 
with hunger. From hila, a imall gut, 
which, when empty, puts a man to 
pain. ^l3^. 

Ahíllo, a gang, a company, a fo- 
cicty. Ovatle, p. 164. 

Ahinca'daíie'nte, eariieftly, preC-. 

Ahinca DO, earn^u, preiling. 

Ahinca'r, to be earneft or preiTuig, 
to thruft or flick in. 

Ahínco, earneftneís, preíTing ; alió 
thrulling in. From the Latin Jigo, to 

Ahinoja'do, kneeling. 

Ahinoja'r, to kneel, Tiomhino'- 

ijos, the knees. 
i Ahita'do, furfeited. 

A H o 

Ahita'r, to furfeit. From the La- 
tin /^a, to fix, becaufe the meat does 
sot digeft. 

Ahitúr/e con tm finó», to furfeit 
w-ich eating a pine-apple kernel. That 
is, to have a very weak üoniach, and 
ill digeftion, fo that the leail thing fur- 
feits one. 

Ahí TO, a furfeit. 

A H O 
Ahocina'do, crooked like a hook, 

Ahocina'rse, to grow crooked as 
a hook, to contiaft. From hoz., a hook 
or fickle. 

Ahoga'do, choak'd, drown'd. In 
drelfingof meat it fignifies clofe ftew'd. 
Ahogamie'nto de orina, the ftran- 

Ahoga'r, to choak, to drown ; to 
ftew very clofe. • From huelgo, the 
breath, that is, to flop the breath. 

.Í* me ahogues ; verbatim, do not 
choak me ; metaphorically, do not prefs 
fo hard upon me, be not fo hafty. 

Abogarfe en apretura, to be throng'd 
to death. 

Ahogárfe de calor, to be ÍUfled with 

Dar mate ahogado, to require things 
to be done with precipitation, without 
a breathing-time. Taken from a term 
at chefs, lignifying to give checkmate. 
Carnero ahogado^ mutton ftew'd very 

Prov. Ahogárfe enfoca agua : To be 
drown'd in a little water. That is, 
to be overcome with little labour or 
trouble, to be fit for little bufinefi. 
Ahogue, Ahogo, vid. Alxgár. 
Ahojada'do fan, pufF-pafte. 
Ahonda'do, made deep; alfofearch- 
■ ed or difcover'd to the bottom. 

Ahondamie'nto, deep'ning ; alfo 
learching or diving to the bottom. 

Ahonda R,to deepen ; alfo tofearch 
or dive to the bottom. From hondo, 
deep, or the bottom. 

Ahora, or Agora, ot Adra ; now. 

Ahora bien, well then. 

AHORCAD120, that may be hang'd. 

Ahorca'do, hang'd. From horca, 
a gallows. 

Ahorcaja'das, forkedwife, aftride, 

Ahorca'r, to hang. From Idua, 
a gallows. 

Ahorma'do, ftretch'd upon the laft. 

Ahorma'r, to ftretch upon a laft. 
From horma, a laft. 

Ahorna'do, put into the oven. 

Ahorna'r, to put into the oven. 
From homo, an oven. 

A I 

Ahornárfe la tierra, is for the land 
to be fcorch'd or buret up. 

AHÜRCÍ.UE, vid. j'j/jDJ'alr. 

Ahorra'do, fav'd, fpar'd; alio thin 
clad ; alio fet free. 

Ahorradúra, faving, Iparing ; alio 
fetting free. 

Ahorraimie'nto, idem. 
Ahorra r, to fave, to fpare, to 
make a Have free. From horro, free. 

No ahorrárje con fu fádre, not to a- 
bate one's own father. 

Ahorro, faving of expences. 
Ahota'do, Obf. bold, furly, da- 

Ahota'r, Qbf to make bold, fur- 
ly, or daring. 

Ahoya'do, made into holes, ditch'd. 
Ahoyadór, a ditcher, a digger. 
AhoyadÚra, ditching, digging of 

Ahoya'r, to ditch, to dig holes. 
From hoyo, a dent or hollow. 

A H U 
Ahucha'do, put into a box with a 
flit, fuch as they ufe for chriftmas- 
boxes ; alfo hoarded. 

Ahucha'r, to put into fuch a box, 
to hoard money. From hucha, fuch a 

Ahue'ca, Ahueco, vid. Aocár. 
Ahueta'do, fplic'd, as failors do 
the ends of ropes. 

Ahueta'r, to iplice as failors do 

Ahulla'r, vid. AuUár, to howl. 
Ahum a'd a s, fmoakings ; fmoaks 
made in the day, as fires are ufed at 
nights, to alarm the country. 
Ahuma'do, fmoak'd. 
Ahuma'r, to fmoak. From himo, 

Ahurta'das, or AJjurtadilhts, by 

Ahusa'do, fliap'd like a fpindle. 
Ahusa'r, to ftiape like a fpindle. 
From hiifo, a fpindle. 

Ahuventa'do, put to flight, fright- 
ed away. 

Ahuyentadór, one that puts to 
flight, one that frights away. 

Ahuyenta'r, to put to flight, to 
fright away. From luir, to fly. 
Ahuzia'do, Obf. trufted. 
Ahuziamie'nto, Obf trufting. 
From the Liuafducia, confidence. 

A I 

Ai', or Ahi, there, in that place. In 
this fenfe the two letters make two 

A'l, or rather A'y, (one fyllable) 
there is. 

A'l, or A'y¡ (one fyllable, like the 


laft) an interjeñion of complaining ; 
oh, alas. 

A I A 

A'lA, or A'ya, a governcfs of chil- 

Aja'da, or Aja'do ; fee Ahajitda 
and Ahajado. 

Aja'da, fauce made with garlick. 
A 1 A q.u t'c A , v id . Axatjucca. 

A'je, vid. Agr. 

Ajenamie'nto, \\A. AgenamUnio. 
Ajena'r, vid. Agent'ir. 
AjE'NOj.vid. 4géw. 
Aje'te, a little garlick. 
Aie'r, vid. Ayer. 

Ai me', vid. Aymé, alas, wo b me. 

A I N 
AÍNA, vid. Ayna. 

AiN^A, or Ainza, a town in the 
kingdom ot Aragón, and capital of the 
province of Sobrarve, fcatcd in a plain 
leven leagues from Balbajlro, and but 
two from the frontiers o{ France. It 
contains about 500 families, and fends 
reprefentatives to the cortes, or parlia- 

• AJO 
A'j o, garlick. From the Lat. aUium. 
A'jo cajiañuéh, a fort of large gar- 
lick growing in Africk. 

A'jo bianco, a fauce for poor jack, 
madeof forae of the water it was boil- 
ed in, with pepper, grated bread, gar- 
lick and oyl. 

Un mójame, un ajo, a nwmpskul, a 

ViU/mo harto de ajos, a ñubborn, 
ftinking clown. 

Ditlle fu ajo, to feafon meat, to 
drefs meat, or daub any thing, or to 
paint a woman's face. 

Prov. Tieffb como tin ajo : As ftiff as 
garlick. That is, a healthy, ftrong, 
robuft perfcn ; becaufe garlick is the 
food of iturdy ftrong people. 

Prov. Stiff irúr for hs ajos y cebollas 
de Egyfto : To figh after the garlick 
and onions of Bgyft. To wjfti tor the 
oarlick and onion, inftead of the fleih- 
pots of Egyft- To delhe to return to 
the paft wicked life, to willa for filth 
and loathfomnefs. 

Prov. Hazérle morder el ajo: To 
make him bite of the garlick. We fay, 
to hold a man's iiofe to the grindllone, 

Prov. A'jo crudo y ■¡■■''no furo fáffa/i 
el fiiérto fegiiro : Raw garlick and pure 
wine pafs the port fafe. In Sfain they 
call the paffes of mountains dry p rts, 
Thefe mountains are generally vc/y 
cold, and wine and garlick comfoix 
the llomach, and keep out the ccld j 
E i & 

A I S 

Co it fignifics they axe a good defence 
for travellers who are to pafs them. 

Prov. Ajo, porqué no ftiijles Lueno? 
Torque no me hallo S. Martin piitjlo. 
Gariick, why ■wail thou not gooJ '. 
Bccauft St, Martin Jid not find nie ftt. 
To let us know that garlick ought to 
be in the ground before the fcalt of St. 

Prov. ^lini/e quema kjcs ha ccnii- 
d<i: He thit fats has eaten garlick. 
That is, his confcicncc accufcs him, 
when a man takes to hinifclf what was 
faid in general. 

Prov. £/ negocio huele a ajos : The 
bufincfs ilnells of garlick. That is, the 
bifincis docs not look well, it has an 
ill afpeft, or it fn-.clls of knavery. 

Prov. Jl'jo y vino puro, y luego veras 
quién es cad.i uno: Garlick and pure 
wine, and you'll loon fee what every 
man is. That ii, lay thefe before 
them, and the clown will ibon (how 
himfclf by falling to the garlick, and 
wine lays the heart open. 

AjOFiiiK, a village near the city 
ci Toledo in Spain, 

A30NGI, or Ajónje, the juice of a 
thiftle, of which they make birdlime. 

Ajonjolí, a very iniall bright feed, 
little known in England, call'd in La- 
tin fefanum. Ray calls it, oily purging 
grain. Arabick, Aljonjolí. 

Ajorcas, bracelets. Arabick. 

Ajornala'do, hir'd by the day. 

Ajornala'r, to hire by the day. 
From jornal, day hire. 

Ajofra'do, tow'd. 

Ajorra'r, to tow, that is, to draw 
one (hip or boat by another. 
A I R 

Airadame'n Tt, angrily, pallionatc- 

Airado, angry, enraged, in a 

Airamie'nto, angering, enraging. 

Aira'r, to anger, to enrage, to put 
into a pailion. From ira, anger. 

A'lRi-, vid. A'yre, the air, wind; 
grace, or airineis. Latin aer. 

AiRONts, herons feathers, or others 
like them, formerly worn fianding up- 
right on helmets or caps. 

AtRÓso, vid. Ayrófi, graceful, airy, 
that has a good air or mien. 
A 1 S 

Aisla'dOj encompais'd with water 
like an iiland. 

Aisla'r, to enccmpafs with water 
like an iiland. From ijla, an iiland. 

AiJlarJ'e una perfona, to be fo furpri- 
fed or aíloniíh'd, as net to know what 
one. does.. 



A I U ccitcd without caufe. To aim high,, 

AuTda, vid. Ayuda. and be call down like Icarus. 

Aiijda'dOj Aiudar, vid. Ayudado, Prov. N/tcenle idas a la hormiga. 
Ayudar. para que fe pierda mas ayna : The pif- 

Ajufa'yna, a deep baíbn without ^mire has wings given her, that flie may 
brims. Arabick. Alfo a fpitting-difh. be the fo^ner deliroy'd. This they 

Ajunta'do, put together, joyn'd. fay, when a bsfe fellow rifes high. 

AjuN tamie'nto, putting together, 

Ajunta'r, to put together, to 
joyn. From ji'mlo, clofc together. 

Ajijspa'do, made fit, put cloie to- 
gether ; alio preciie, and adjuHcd or 
made up. 

Ajustador,, one that fits, that 
puts clofe together ; one that adjufts 
or reconciles. 

Ajusta'r, to adjuft, to make fit ; 
alio to reconcile ditferenccs, to make 
accounts even. From jiijlo, juft. 

Ajusticiando, executed. 

Ajusticia'r, to execute criminals. 
From jujiicia, juflice. 
A L 

Al, in old Spaniih fignifies another 
thing. Non fagades al, do no other. 

Al, from algo, fomething. 

Al is alio the article of the dative 
cafe, corruptly from a el ; as, Al hom- 
bre, to the man. Al momento, this 
moment. Sometimes it Hands for the 
prepofition in ; as, Al fin, in fine. It 
is alfo the Arabick article which they 
call folár, or fundamental, as appears 
by moll words beginning in al. 

A'l a, a wing. Latin ala. 

A' la de texádo, the eves of a houfc. 

A'las de pez, the fins of a fiih. 

A'la de batalla, the wing of a bat- 

A'la de gente de acaváUo¡ a fquadron 
of horfe. 

A'la ye'rva, the herb enula campana. 

A'la de JimLréro, the rims of a hat. 

A'la .ie mofea, in cant is a cheating 
trick at cards. 

A'la de mttrciélago, bats wings ; me- 
taphorically any thing that has a falfe 
appearance, becaufe bats wings have 
no feathers. 

Batir las alas, to clap the wings , 
to make hafte, as birds do in their 

Cacrfe las alas, to hang the wings, 
to diimay, to lofe courage. 

Dar ¡tías, to make bold, proud. 

§!<ehrárfe las alas, to be caU down. 

Llevar á'.as en los carcañales, to run 
as if one had wings at their heels. 

Cubrir con las alas, to proteft. 

Prov. Volar con Alas pegúdas con ce- 
ra :- To tly with wings ituck on with 
wax. That is^ to be proud and cou- 

and falls fliamefully. The higher they 
rife, the greater their fall. 

Alaba'do, prais'd, commended, 
• Alabador, one that praifes. 

Alaba'níí'a, praife, commendation,. 

Alaba'r, to praife, to commend, 

Es pi'ira alahár a Dios, when any 
thing is very beautiful or good, ■ they 
fay it is a fubjed to praife God. 

Alaba'rda, a halberd, 

Alabarda'zo, a llroke with' a. 

Alabarde'ro, a halberdier, a yeo- 
man of the guard.' 

Alabardilla, a little halberd. 

Alabastrino, made of alabafter, 

Alaba'stro, alaballer. Lat. ala- 

Ala'bes de tejados, the fpouts of 
houfes. Arabick. 

Ala^a'n, vid. Alazán. 

Alace'na, a cupboard ; via. Alba- 

Acace'r, a circle. Arabick. 

Ala'cha, a little filh like a herrLig^ 
taken for it. 

Alamor, faffron. Arabick. 

Prov. Sembramos ala for, vid. Agüe- 
lo ; Ay agüelo fembrámos ala for, &c. 

Alacra'nt, a fcorpion ; alio tha 
rings the reins of a bridle are fallned 

A L A c R a'n e s, a parcel of fmall 
iflands iofefted with fcorpions, zo 
leagues from Tucatan in America, 

picado de alacrán, flung by a fcor- 
pion ; one that is retllefs, and well in 
no place. We fay. Hung by a dua 

Alacua z, a town and earldom a. 
league from the ciiyT'alencia in Spain ; 
it contains about 100 houfes. 

Alada'r, the hair on the tem^^JP- 
From the Latin ad latera, on the fides. 

Prov. A la vejez aladárez de pez í 
Black hair on the temples in old age. 
When old men dye their hair black to 
appear young ; becaufe the hair on the 
temples is commonly the firft that turns , 

Ala DOj wing d. 

Alado, for al ludo, by the fide. 

A LA FE, in faith, in truth. 

A LA HE. idem. 

Ala'ga, a foit of grain, call'd in 
Latin alica ; fee more of it in Kay, in 
his hilloiy of plants, f/iwy, in his nat. . 



hift. 1 8. fays, ^ka gems forliticms 
,ac pultis, &c. 

A LA G A^L A, an exclamation ap- 
plauding gallantry ox finery. 

Alaga'do, made much of, iboth'd. 

Alag a'r, to make much of, to footh. 

Alagea'dOj \nd. Alaxeúdo, 

Ala'cOj Ibothing, or making much. 

Alagon, a town in the kingdom 
cf Aragón, five leagues from Zaragoza, 
on the banks of the rivers Xahn and 
férí», which join near by it. It contains 
not above ioo families, and yet fends 
reprcfentatives to the cortes, or parlia- 
ment. There is alfo a river of the fame 
name, which runs out of the kingdom 
of Leon into the province oí hjtremad»- 
ra, and there is loit in the river Tagus. 

Alague NO, foothing, kind, loving. 

Alahe'jos, a fmall town in Cajiik, 
famous for the excellent wine that is 
about it. 

Alaja'do, furniiVi'd with goods. 

Alaja'r, to fiirniih with goods. 

Alaja's, houfliold goods. 

Alajú, a fort of fweetmeat, or 
compolition made of flower, honey, 
pine-apple kernels, and ipice. Ara- 

A l a'l b a, at break of day. 

Ala'ma, a town in the kingdom of 
'Aragón, four leagues from Calatayud, 
on the river Xahn. It contains not a- 
bove IOO houfes, but is famous for its 
hot baths, noted for the cure of many 
diflempcrs. The name is Arabick, and 
fignifies baths. 

A L a M a'n o, at hand. 

A ¡as manos ; as Vemr a las manos, 
to come to handy flrokes. 

Alama'res, great filk, or gold and 
iilver loops to lace cloaths with. Ara- 

Alamara'do, a garment trimm'd 
with loops. 

Alambique, a lymbeck. Arabick. 

Traer for alambique, to bring thro' a 
lymbeck ; that is, the fartheit way a- 

" lir • :i . - 
^jiSmbicar/e el celebro, to crack one's 


Ala'mbre, wire; alio copper. 

Alame'da, a poplar grove. 

Alamedílla, an inconfiderable 
town or village, -not containing above 
foty houies, three leagues from SeviJ, 
belonging to the earl of CantiUana. 

Alamin, a man of reputation, one 
that may fafely be trufted. Arabick. 

A'l amo blanco, the poplar-tree. 

Alamo negro, t\\t black poplar, or 

Alamón, a bird of a violet colour, 
with red feet and beak, . 


Alamud, the bolt of a fpring-lock, 
or other bolt or bar to faÜen windows 
or do„rs with. Arabick. 

ALAMVÍQ.UE, vid. Alambique. 

Alanca'da, a meafiire ot land, be- 
ing as far as a man can throw a dart. 

Alanca'do, caii, thrown; alfo vo- 

Alakca'r, to throw, to caft ; alfo 
to vomit, to call out devils. 

Alan^ea'do, wounded with a 
lance or Ipear. 

Alan<;ea'r, to wound with a lance. 
From lanca, a lance. 

Alandroa'l, a wall'd town, con- 
taining about 500 houfes, eight leagues 
from VÁvas in Pt.rlugal. 

Ala'nge, a fmall town of about 

1^0 houfes, flrongly ieated, with a 

callle, three leagues from Merida in £• 

Jlremadura. It belongs to the knights 

of Santiago, or Sz. yames the apoille, 

Alania, a cupboard made in a 
wall.' Arabick. 

AlanÍs, a town of about 300 houfes 
in the mountains call'd Sierra Morena, 
fourteen leagues from S;vil, very rich 
in wine. So call'd from the Alans, 
who rebuilt it after it had been de- 

Ala'no, a maftiff-dog, particularly 
a bull-dog ; alfo an Alan, one of that 

A la par, even, equal. 

A LA POSTRE, at the end, 

Alaq,ue'q.ües, glafs-beads. Ara- 

Ala'r, of or belonging to a wing. 
In cant it is to go. 

Alara' BE, a Moor, an Arab. 

Alara'cas, fliouts, cries. Arabick. 

Alarcon, a wall'd town of about 
400 houitis, encompais'd like a horfc- 
Ihoe by the river Xucar, ten leagues 
from the city Cuenca in Cajiile. So 
call'd by Alaricus king of the Goths, 
who took it from the Romans. It is 
in the latitude of 38 degrees, 41 mi- 

Al ARCOS, a ilnall town in Spain, 
only famous for a great overthrow 
there given to king Alonfo of Cajiile, 
by the MiramamoUn Aben Jofeph Mazje- 

Ala'rce, a mufler, .a review of 
foi'ces. Arabick. 

Hazér alarde is properly to muftcr ; 
metaphorically to boalt. 

A la redonda, round about, 

Ala'res, a cant word lignifying 
linnen drawers. 

Alarga'do, prolonged, got far off, 
lengthened, flretch'd. 

Alargamie'nto, prolonging, get- 

A L A 

ting far off, Icngthning, ilrctching. 

Alarga' R, to prolong, to lengthen, 
to ilretch out. Fron) largo, long, 

A'.argarfe, to get far oti, to talk hng 
upon a fubjccl. 

Alargar la vela, to loofe the fail, to 
fprcad it to the wind. 

Alargar la rienda, to give a horfo 
his head ; metaphorically, to give one 
more liberty. 

Alargar el tiempo, to drive off, or 
protrait time. 

Alarge'z, a plant not above a cu- 
bit high, very full of fprigs and flioots, 
and prickles or thorns pointing down- 
wards. It is of a llrengthening nature, 
in Latin ciWW ajpalatt us : the Enpliili 
name I find not either in Ray or elfe- 
where ; only Goldman in his dictionary 
calls it rofc oi yerufahm, or our lady's 
rofe. The Spanirti name is Arabick» 

Ala'rgue, vid. Alargar. 

Alargue'z, the feed or thin rind 
of a kind of weed iis'd to give hair a 
fair colour ; or a fort of wood called 
rofe-wood, bccaufe it fmcUs like rofes, ■ 
which is doubtlefs the fame is,Alargi^ ■ 
before explain'd. 

Alaridos, cries, ihouts, fhrieks. 

Alarifa'sgo, furveyorihip. Ara» 

Alarife, a fiirveyor, overieer, or 
matter builder. Arabick, 

Ala sor, vid. Alafói'. 

Alasta'do, condemn'd to pay S 

Alasta'r, to pay a fine or penalty, 

Alastra'do, ballafted. 

Alastrado», one that carries bal- 
laft to fiiips. 

Alastra'r, to ballaft. From /<»- 
Jlre, ballaft.- 

Alafrarfe an animal, is for a beaft 
to iurfeit. 

A LAS ve'zes, by turns, 

Alatón, vid. Latón. 

Alatona'do, plated w;th thia 

Alatona'r, to plate with thia 
brafs. From latón, brafs, 

Alatront, falt-petre, 

Ala'va, a iinall province in the 
north of Spain, lying betwixt Difcav, 
Guipu/ioa, Old Cajlile and Navarre, vul- 
garly counted a part oÍBi/cay. 

Alava'do, Alavanca, Alavar; vid. 
Alabado, Alabúnca, Alabar. 

Alava'rda,' vid. Alabarda. 

Ala'vas, the teeth of a. wheel i.T 
clock-work, or the like. 

Alava'stro, vid. Alabájlro, 

Alave'o, the white that is in íómo 
wood between the body and the bark.. 

.A L.t, viSTA, tothefight. 



Alaxta'do, pav'J with flag-fioncs. 
Alaxú, vid. .-llajii. 
Aia7a'n, a forrcl horfe. 
Ataztv claro, a brigh: forre!. 
Alaz.att dor,tdo, bttwixt roan and 

AlaZéitt iojl.'ído, a dark forrcl. 
I'rov. AUi'Vi tcfijiio, antes muerto 
(¡tie carfiAo: A dark forrcl horfc will 
liic before he'll jade. So good an opi- 
nion the Spaniards have ot chat colour. 
ALAzt'NA, a cupboard. Arabick. 
Alazor, ivild falfron. Arabick. 

A't B A, the dawn or break of day ; 
alfo an albc, fuch as priclts wear at 
the altar. Frow albiis, white. 
§iiarto del alba, \i¿. §i¡ar¡o. 
ti rtyr del alba, the firlt dawning of 
the day. 

Prov. Ml es fim el alba, que anda 
entre las coks : It is only the break of 
day appears among the cabbages. This 
is a (light put cfC, when a man asks 
what is not convenient he fliould know. 
Or a reply made by one, who receives 
an abfiird anfwer to a queftion. It is 
the anfwer of a vionian who had a 
credulous husband. Ife once happening 
to fee her gallant creep from her thro' 
the orchard, ask'd what tliat was, and 
Ihc put him off, faying, it was only 
the break of day that appeared among 
the cabbages. 

Albaci'a, an executor, adminiftra- 
tor, or aflign left by wilL Arabick. 

Albacete, a great town in the 
kingdom of Murcia in Spain, 

Albacora, in the kingdom of r.t- 
•lencia, they call the early or firft figs 
by this name, the fig-tree bearing twice 
a year in hot countries. In Cajiile they 
call thciTi Brevas. 

Albadida, the yaccFs flaff to take 
the fun's altitude. 

Aleaha'ca, a very fragrant herb, 
by fome in England call'd majericon, 
but in reality no other than fwcet gar- 
den-bafil ; only what grows in Spam 
it much more fragrant than what Etig- 
Jand produces. "The name Arabick. 

Albahaque'ro, afiower-pot, any 
fuch pots as are ufed in gardens. From 
clbahaca, becaufe that herb is kept in 

Albahaquilla, finall bafil. 
Alhahacjui/la fahage, wild bafil. 
Aleaicin, a quarter in the city 

"Alba'ida, Obn whitenefs ; alfo 
formerly a fmall piece of money worth 
I alf a Mara-jedú 

Alea'ida, vid Aloáyda. 
Aléala', anote, a receipt, a pafs, 


an acquittance. Arabick, 

Alb/.najl'ro, a ciint word for a 
gamettcr at dice. 

Alea'nches, a village in Andalu- 

Aleane'ga, a kind of net-work 
coif that women wear to keep their 
hair up. Arabick. 

Albane'ses, the Albanians ; alfo 
the cant word for dice. 

Albaña'r, a kennel, gutter, link, 
or common Ihore. Arabick. 

Albañil, a plaifterer or bricklayer. 

Albañillría, plaifterers or brick- 
layers work. 

Al BA Q.U1A, the reiidue, the remains, 
that which remains to ballance thg ac- 
count. Arabick. 

Alba'r, that which is foon ripe ; 
alfo very white. Arabick. 

Albara'cos, morphew. Arabick. 
Albara'da, a dry ftcne-wall with- 
out mortar ; alfo a caufeway. Ara- 

Albara'n, a note, acquittance, re- 
ceipt, or a pals. Arabick. 

ALEARCOQ.UE, an apricot, Arabick. 
Albarcoca'l, an apricot tree, or 
a place full of apricots. 

Alba'rda, a pannel, or a pack- 
faddle. From the Arabick ai'ticle al, 
and barda, a pannel. 

Séjlia de albarda, a beaft to carry 

Fula?:o es una albárda, fuch a one is 
a pack-faddle. To avoid faying he is 
an afs. 

Albarda'do, pannel'd, that has a 
pack-faddle on. 

Albardador, one that puts the 
pack-faddles upon the beaft, or that 
makes them. 

Albarda'r, to put on a pack-faddle 
or panne!. 

Al barde'ro, a pannel or pack-fad- 
dle maker. 

Albardílla, a little pannel or 

Albardin, ihiall ruilics, or mat- 

Aleardón, a beaft of burthen, that 
carries a pack-faddle ; a great pack- 

Alearicoque, an apricot. 
Albariko, a dun fwarthy colour. 
AlbarJÓn, vid. Alvarjon. 
Albarraun, a ftrong town among 
the mountains in the kingdom of Ara- 
gón, by the river Turia, three leagues 
from the borders of Cajiih, containing 
about looo houfes, and lends rcpre- 
fcntativcs to the ccrtes. I: has alfo a 
firono caille. 

A L B 

Alearra'da, a dry wall of flones 
without mortar ; alfo a caufeway. 

Albarra'n, a batchelor or fingle 
man, á liranger, or one that has no 
certain place of abode. Arabick. 

Alearra'na, a watch-tower Hand- 
ing by it felf in the fields'. 

Albarra>;a cebcUa, a wild onion. 
Albarranía, Cngle life, batche- 

Albarra'z, the herb ftavefacre, or 
loufe-bane; fo called in Engliih, be- 
caufe the powder of it kills lice. 

Albarta da, a heap, a pile, a ftack, 
a reek, any great mafs. 

Alba TOCHA, a Cnall fort of cover'd 
vellel or bark. 

Aleavalda'do, daub'd with ce- 
ní fe. 

Albaya'lde, white cerufe, much 
ufed for womens faces. Arab, bayad. 
Alba'vda, a town in the kingdom 
oí Valencia, two leagues from Xativa, 
containing about 350 houfes, one pa- 
rifh church, and two monafteries ; ib 
called by the Moors, ilgnifying white. 
There is another town of the fame 
name in Andaluzia, two leagues from 
Sevil, containing 300 houfes, an hg- 
ipital, and two chapels. 

Alba'yre, in cant lignifies an egg. 
Albe'lda, a town in CaJlile, two 
leagues from Logroño, containing but 
about 150 houfes, and one parifli. 

Alee'rca, a pool or pond. Hebrew 
bereca, a fifh-pond. Alfo a town in 
the territory of the city Bejar, and a- 
nother in the biiboprick of Qtema in 

Albe'rchigo, a peach. 
Alberga'do, lodg'd, harbour'd. 
Albergadór, one that lodges, har- 
bours, or entertains others. 

Alberga'r, to lodge, harbour, or 

Alee'rgo, ov Albergue, Aaian^ a 
place of entertainment. 
Alberguería, idem. 
Alee'rja, or Alberj ana, a velfcpL 
fitch, fuch as grows among corn. 

Albeyta'r, a farrier. Arabick 

Albeytería, farrierfliip. 
Albiha'res, the flower call'd nar- 
cifllis, or daffadil. Arabick. 
Albíllo, vid. Alvíllo: 
Albín, a blood-ftone. 
Albina, the beating of the water 
upon the Ihore. 

Albino, is a man all over extreme- 
ly white, hair, eyes, and al!, very 
rarely feen. Herrera, dec, z. book 7. 

chap. 10. p. 236. col. X. 

A'l B o. 


A'l b o, white, Latin albiis. 

Alboca'cer, a fmall town in the 
kingdom of Valencia in Spain, contain- 
ing about 1 60 houfes in one parilh. It 
is two leagues from Qievai, in a rich 

Albogue, a pipe or flute, accord- 
ing to fomc ; yet in D. ^ixote we find 
this word explain'd to be braii plates, 
like candleliiclcs, which being hollow, 
and beaten one againft another, make 
a Ibrt of ruftical mufick ; taken from 
the Moors, whofe the word is alfo. 
As defcribed by father ^hn Martinez 
de ¡a Parra, a learned Jcfuit, in his ex- 
pofition of the ChriiHan doilrinc, vol. 
2. p. 116. it was an infirumcnt com- 
pofed of feveral reeds joined together, 
which being very hard to blow, made 
an unpleafant found,' and at the fame 
time caufed the cheeks to fwell and 
the face to look red, like winding a 
horn, or founding a trumpet. 

Aleoguero, a piper, or one that 
■ makes pipes, cr one that plays or makes 
fuch inftrumcnts as we have defcribed 
the Albogue. 

Albohe'ra, \i¿. Albufera. 

Albóndigas, balls made of fbrc'd 
meat. Arabick. 

Albondiguillas, little balls of 
forc'd meat. 

Albor, whitenefs ; alio a town in 
the little kingdom oí Algarve in Sp.iiti, 
betwixt the mouth of the river Guadi- 
ana and cape St. Vincent, not far from 
Lagos, containing about thirty five 
houfes, moft poor fiihermen and fai- 

Albora'da, mufick plaid to one at 
the break of day ; alfo the break of 
day it felf. 

Alboreólas, a noife made for íóme 
trifling matter. From Lcrbollones, the 
bubbling of boiling water. 

Alboreolea'r, to make a noiie of 
rejoicing, Obf. 

Alborea', the dawn of the day. 

Aleorea'r, is for the day to break. 
"Sfc*.^ ÍORNÍ, vid. Borní. 

Albornía, a great earthen pan, 
fuch as they ufe to put milk in. From 
the Arabick albernia, earthen. 

Albornoz, a fort of upper gar- 
nvent, clofe before, with only a place 
for the head to come out, and a hood 
to it, made of a fort of fluff that turns 
water, fo that none goes through. It 
was formerly worn inicead of a cloak, 
and mofl; by the Moor-s, being invent- 
ed by a. wild fort of people among 
them call'd Zenetas, who live always 
in the fields. It is alfo the name of a 
noble family in S^am^ of which fee 


more in Mariana'i hiftory of Spaw, 
lib. 16. The name, as well as the 
garment, is Mooriili. In Arabick el 

Alboroca'do, full of joy. 

Alboroi^a'rse, to 'rejoice, to be full 
of joy. 

ÁlborÓco, joy, a violent commo- 
tion of the heart, caus'd by any thing 
that is very plcafaiu to a man. Ara- 

ALE0R6Q.ur,, a gratuity given to 
one that makes up a bargain between 
two, in the nature of brokcridge, or 
to a workman above his hire. From 
the Hebrew bereth, to ofier a gift- 
Others fay, Alboroque lignifies much 
good it may do you, wifll'd by the 
third perfon that drove the bargain ; 
and then it is from barach, to bkfs. It 
is ufual in the country to drink the 
Alboroque, when a piece of land is ibid. 
The ancient laws of Spa.n call it Oi¡ue, 
and forbid taylors and others to re- 
ceive Oques of fiiopkeepcrs for carrying 
cuflomers to their ihops. From Oqucs 
it might come to Albcroijues. 

Alborotadam'ente, diforderly, 
tumultuoully, fcditioully. 

Alborota'do, in difjrder, tumul- 
tuous, mucinous. 

Alborotador, a mutinous fedi- 
tious fellow. 

Alborota'r, to raife a tumult or 
fcdition, to put into diforder. 

Alboroto, a mutiny, tumult, or 
fcdition, diforder, confufion. Arabick. 

Albricias, a reward or gratuity 
given to one that brings good news, 

Prov. Albricias padre, que el obifpo 
es chantre : Give me fomethiug, father, 
for my good news, for the biihop is 
made chanter. This they fay by way 
of ridicule, when one tells fome Jn- 
fignificant matter for great news. 
Some fay it in fouler terms, thus, 

Prov. Albricias padre, que el culo os 
"jío : Give me fomething, father, for 
my good news, for I fee your breech. 
To the fame purpofc as the other, or 
vi'hen a man makes great hafte to bring 
bad news, 

Prov. Albricias padre, que yá podan: 
Pay me for my good news, father, for 
they arenovv' pruning.. Apply'd when 
one brings news of fome relief which 
is at a great diUance, to fome prefling 
neceillty ; as to cell a man they are 
priming the vines, when he is like to 
die for want of wine. 

Prov. . Albricias madre, que pregonan 
de mi padre : Pay me for my good 
news, motherj for they are crying or 

A L C 

proclaiming my father. That is, pro- 
claiming hmi an outlaw. Taken ci- 
ther for one that miiiakes bad news for 
good, or rejoices at the n.iifo'jiunes of 

Albuce, vid. Alc.rdiíZ. 

Al bdhe lca, a foit of fpongy, wa- 
try and unfovoury nxlon. This word 
is usVi in the kingdoms of Frt/iw- 
cia and Catakma, but (bmetimes in o- 
ther parts, where they gentially call 
fuch melons Badeas. 

Aleufe'ra, a great lake that runs 
out into the fea near the city Vainc^x 
in Sp.iin ; a mod deliglicful place, be- 
ing full of all forts of fiili and fowli 
The etymology very uncertain. 

Aleumie'r, a river of no great 
note in the kingdom o( yaen in Sp.iin. 

Albur, the tiih call'd a mullet. 

Albura, whitcneiS. From the La- 
tin alius. 

Aledre'jo, a little m.ullet, a fifli, ■ 

Aleurcíul'rc!.ue, a large and 
ftrong town in the province oí Ejire- 
madura in Spain, three leagues from 
the frontiers of Portugal. It has an 
impregnable caiUe, and contains 20CO 
inhabitants, two pariih churches, one 
monaltcry of Friars, and another of 
Nuns. It Hands on an eminency, 
and the country about it rich and 
plentiful. So call'd from alba quercus^ 
a white oak it bears for its arms. It 
was made a dukedom by king Henry 
the fecond of Cajiile, and che title be- 
¡Lowed on his baliard brother D. San- 
cho oí CaJlile, whofe iliue male failing, 
king Htr.ry the fourth conferr'd thac 
title on V. Beltran de la Cueva, his fa- 
vourite, ar^n. 1464, in whofe illuilii- 
ous fuccellors it continues to this day. 
The duke is a grandee oí 'Spain, and 
has a vaft eilate ; he is earl oíLedef- 
ma, which title is given to his eldell 

Albuquerque is alfo the furname of a- 
noble family in Portugal, r.-iis'd by the 
^reat conqueror of India, Ahtjfo de Al- 
huqtierque, from whom is defcended 
the Lord ot Pernambtico in Braz,''l. 
A L C 

Alcaba'la, a duty impofed upon 
things fold. Arabick. 

A'lgabale'ro, a colkftor cr ga- 
therer of that duty. 

Al ca'bo, at the end. 

Alcabuco, a forelt or thick wood. 

Alca<;a'ba, in the Arabick, (itinifiea 
a caftle or ftrong houfe, whence there 
is one in the city Granada fo call'd to 
this day, 



Alcafar, a ftrong houfc orcaftlc ; 
« royal palace. From the Arabick ar- 
ticle .1/ and MViim, a Crf/.«>"s or impe- 
rial houfe. At fea it is that we call 
the quarter Jcclc of a fliip, which is the 
upper liiort deck over the iieeriJgc. 
There arc alfo thefe towns of the 

Aica'^ar, a fmall town or village, 
as not containing above 70 houfts 
in the kingdom oi falencia, one league 
from the city valeiKia. 

Alca'^ar dl Consue'gra, ano- 
ther inconfiderablc place in Oijitlc. 

Alcacer do Sal, a flnall fea-port 
town in Portugal, not far from Setiibal, 
containing about 400 hoiifes, yet fends 
rcprefentatives to the cortes, has its 
name from abundance of fait made 
there ; and about ¡: grow the fine 
ruflics, of which they make their fine 
mats. It was formerly call'd Salada. 

Alca\arQjjivir, and Akacar Se- 
.gutr, arc two towns in Barbary, of 
which it is not our bufinefs to treat. 
Alca^are'n, a fmall town in Spain, 
Alca^a'va, v\¿. Alcapaba. 
Alcace'l, green barley cut for 
horfes. Arabick. 

Prov. Diiméjla el alcacel para f am- 
ponas: The llraw is too hard to make 
pipes of it. When a man is grown 
old, or harden'd in vice, it b too late 
to reclaim him. 

Alcace'r, vid. Alcacel. 
Alcachofa, an artichoke. 
Terciopelo alcachofado, figured velvet. 
AlcacÓva, the name of a ncble fa- 
mily in Portugal, the head of which is 
earl of tíímha. 

Al^acue'llo, a frame %vomen ufe 
in Spam to ftareh their rufts in. 

Alca'da, the conclulion of a con- 
rrovcrfy at law ; a court of appeals, or 
an appeal. 

Alcade'ra para faltar, a flone a 
man holds in his hand to help him to 
leap ; alfo a pole rope-dancers uie. 
Al'.a'do, lifted or taken up. 
Alzador, one that lifts or takes up. 
Alí^adúra, lifting or taking up. 
ALCADÚ7, in general is any fort ot 
aqueduft, pipes, or other thing to car- 
ry water ; more particularly this name 
is given to an earthen pot, whereof in 
Spa¡7i they tie a great many to a rope 
failcn'd together at both ends, and put 
round a great wheel, fo that it reaches 
{rom above the mouth of the well to 
the water, and, the wheel turning, 
thofe pots continually come up full, 
and en.pty thtnifelvcs into a trough, 
whidi conveys it to water gardens and 

A L C 

a bawd. Arabick. 
a pimp or pandar. 



Alcahuete'jo, a little pimp. 

Alcahueteria, bawdiug, or a 

Alcahui TÍLL0, a little pimp. 

Alcaiceria, vid. Alcaycería. 

Alca'ide, Alcaidía ; vid. Alcáyde, 

Alcalá', the Arabick name of a 
frontier town or callle, and thence be- 
come the proper name of feveral towns 
in Spaiji ; as, 

Alcalá' de Hena'res, a town in 
AfW Cajlile, fix leagues fiom Madrid, 
on the river Henares, made an univer- 
lity by cardinal Ximenes in the year 
1 50a. It contains 1000 houfes, befides 
thofe of nobility and gentry, three 
parifli-churches, nineteen monafteries 
of friars, nine of nuns, twenty colle- 
ges, four hofpitals, and two hermita- 
ges. It was anciently call'd Compln- 

Alcalá' Rea'l, a town in Anda- 
luzia, pleafantly feated among hills, in 
a very fruitful ibil, with a ilrong wall 
about it, containing 1000 houies, and 
abundance of gentry, has a rich trade 
of filks, two parifli churches, one of 
them a collegiate church, worth i $000 
ducats a year, four monafteries of fri- 
ars, and two of nuns. The Moors 
call'd it Alcalá de Benfáyde. 

Alcalá' de Guada'yra, a town 
in Aiidalnzia, two leagues from Sevil, 
feated on the banks of the river GHa- 
dayra, in a moft' plentiful rich country. 
It has a ftrong cattle feated on a hill, 
I 500 houfes, befides thofe of gentry, 
four pariñics, two monafteries of friars, 
one of nun's, and three holpitals. 

Alcalá' de Xive'rt, a wall'd 
town in the kingdom oí Valencia, yet 
not containing above 150 houfes under 
one parifti church. 

Alcalá' del Rio, a town two 
leagues and a half from Sevil up the 
river, on the oppofite fide to the city, 
containing fix hundred houfes, moft of 
the inhabitants very rich. It has but 
one panfli. 

Alcalá' de los Gazúle?, a fmall 
town in Andahizia, not far from Me- 
dina Sidonica. It fignifies Alcalá of the 
valiant men. 

Alcalda'da, a blunder, a bull, a 
prepofterous faying. From alcalde, be- 
caufc the Alcaldes (who are like our 
mayors or bailifls of towns) of country 
places, being ignorant fellows, commit 
many abfurditics, and talk ridiculoufly, 
as we tell fioriesof our country mayors, 

A L C 

Alca'lde, a magiftrate, of which 
there are thefe feveral Ibrts. Arab. 

Alcalde de Aldea, a mayor, bailiff, 
or headborough of a country town. 

Alcalde Mayor de JuJHcia, a lord 
chief juiiice. 

Alcalde de Corte, a juftice belonging 
to the king's houlhold. 

Alcalde de Alcaldes, a high commif- 
fion^r uver the juftices. 

Alcalde de las Alfadas, a judge of 
appeals, a chief judge, to whom appeals 
lie froiii inferior courts. 

Alcalde de los Hidalgos, a judge to 
try the cafe of gentility ; that is, whe- 
ther a man be really a gentleman, and 
confequently free from paying taxes, 
from arrefls, &°i-. 

Prov. Alcalde de Aldea, el ijue lo qui- 
ere, éffe lo fea : Let him that defires it; 
be Alcalde of a village. That is, let 
them that are fond of foolifti honours, 
which bring trouble and no advantage, 
enjoy them. 

Al^a'ma, \'\A, Aljama. 

Al^amie'nto, a revolt, a rebellion. 

Alcana', an exchange, a place full 
of (hops. Arabick. . 

pals'd, overtaken. Alfo one that has 
run out what he had, one that is ihort 
of money ; as, efiar alcanzado, to be 
behind hand with the world. 

Alcan^adór, one that reaches, 
obtains, compades, or overtakes, 

Alcan(;a'r, to reach, to obtain, to 
compafs, to overtake. 

Alcanfar al techo, to reach to the 

Alcancár lo que fe deféa, to obtain 
or compafs one's wifli. 

Alcanfar al que /¡(ye, to overtake him 
that runs away. 

Alcanfar a. uno de cuenta, to prove an 
account is Ihort ; alfo to confute a 

Alean f arfe la héjlia, is when á horfe 

Ko me alean f a la prefina, the girdle 
will not come about me. •»*?- 

>Js fe OS alean fa, you do not com- 
prehend it. 

Ko le alcánca un huelgo a otro, he is 
quite out of breath. 

Prov. tío le aUknfa la fal al agua : 
He is Í0 poor, he hath not fait enough 
to lealbn his water. 

Alcan'ce, overtaking, obtaining ; 
alfo purfuing, and falling flioit ; as, 

liar alcance a ur.o, to overtake, or 
to find out a man. 

If en los alcances, to purllie, to be 
at one's heels. 


a L C 

'Alcance de cuenta, the deficiency of 
an account. 

Alcance de cañón, the port of a can- 
non, as far as it will carry. 

Alcancía, vid. Alcanzia. 

AlcancillAj a reddiih fort of dye. 

Alcanda'ra, a perch for a hawk. 

Alcandora, a beacon to alarm the 
country. Arabick. In cant a ihirt. 

Alcanfor, camphire. It is the 
gum of a tree, ibme produced in the 
illand of Borneo, none- of which ever 
comes into Europe, being but little, 
very dear, and Ipent there ; but that 
we have is brought from China, where 
there is greater plenty, and cheaper. 
The tree is faid to be like a walnut- 
tree, the leaves whitiih, like thofe of 
a willow, and the wood of the colour 
of beach, neither light nor porous. It 
■is alio large, tall, fpreading, and plea- 
faiit to the eye. The camphire is rec- 
kon'd cold and dry in the third degree ; 
and its coldnefs is vifible, in that being 
apply 'd to an inflammation or burning, 
it refreihes it very much. Chrifi.AcoJ}. 
nat. hilL jE.:/ hid. 

AlcaSe'de, a town in Portugal in 
the territory of Samaren, four leagues 
ivom Tomar, containing not above loo 

Alcañíz, a town of 1 500 houies, 
on the banks of the river Guadahf, in 
the kingdom of Aragón; has a good 
wall, a flrong caftle, a fruitful terri- 
tory, a wonderful fpring of water, dif- 
charging itfelf at 41 fountains, and at 
a fmall diftance a noble fiih-pond, 
which yields above 1000 ducats yearly. 
It fends deputies to the corfi/ /ancient- 
ly it was call'd Ergaviza. 

Alca'ntara, a town in Ejlrema- 
dura in Spain, on the banks of the ri- 
ver Tagus, 7 leagues from the city Co- 
ria, in a fruitful country. It contains 
1100 houfes, beiides many of gentry, 
two monafteries of friars, and two of 
, jjuns^ It was formerly call'd Norba 
'^sfarea, and by the Moors Alcantara, 
which iignifies a bridge, becaufe_of a 
noble one it has over the river Tagus, 
built by the emperor Trajan. It has 
given its name to the noble Spanife or- 
der of knights call'd of Alcantara, who 
at this time enjoy 38 commendaries, 
worth 148 1 14 ducats yearly; they 
wear for their badge a green croisfieury 
on the left breaft. The famous bridge 
of tills town is 670 foot in length, and 
i8 in breadth, and has but fix arches, 
ths two middlemoft higher than the 
others ; all built of ftones, each four 
foot long, and two in breadth. At 

A L C 

Toledo there is another famous bridge, 
call'd the bridge of Alcantara. 

Alcantarilla, a town in the king- 
dom of Murcia in Spain, one league 
from the city Murcia, on the banks of 
the river Segura, in a fértil foil, and 
inhabited by 400 families. AlcantariUa 
in Arabick fignifies a little bridge. 

Alcanzia, an earthen pot with a 
chink in it, fuch as children ufe to put 
money in. Arabick. 

Alcanzia de fuego, a pot full of wild 
fire, us'd formerly to throw among 
enemies, in the nature of our hand- 

Alcanzia'r, to throw fuch pots of 
wild fire. It is alio a Iport ufed in 
Spain, where they have thin pots made, 
and riding thro^V them at one another, 
where they break on the armour. 

Alcanzia'zo, a blow with fuch a 

Alcapa'rras, capers. From the 
Greek capparis. 

Alcaparra'do, like capers, or dref- 
fed with capers. 

Alcaparra'l, a piece of ground 
where capers grow. 

Alcaparrilla, a little caper. 

Alcaparrón, a caparroon, that is, 
a larger ibrt of caper. 

Alcaparrona'l, a place where ca- 
parroons grow. 

Alcapa'rro, the caper-tree. 

Alcaparróso, full of capers, or 
that tailes of capers. 

Alcapríma, a crane to draw up 

Dar alcaprt'ma, to entrap, to enfilare 
a man. 

Al^aprima'r, to crane up. 

Ali^a'r, to lift, to raife, to take up ; 
alio to lay up, or keep. In mufick it is, 
when the mailer lifts up his hand after 
the fetting the tone. 

Alfar harvéclo, to plow up ground. 

Alfiir el campo, to decamp. 

A! far el céreo, to raife a nege. 

Alfar las mefas, to take away after 

Alfar en la mijfa, to elevate the 
hoft at mais. 

Alfar de eras, to fweep all clean af- 
ter harveft. 

Alfar núypes, to lift or cut the cards. 

Alfar Jigttra, to caft a figure. 

Ahar cabeza, to lift up one's head, 
that is, when a man has been down, 
to reco^•er himfelf. 

Alfar la voz, to raife the voice. 

Alfi'tr las faldas, to take up the coats, 
to ihow what fliould not be fetn. 

Alfar edificio, to erefl a ftrufture. 

Alfar el precio, to raife the price. 

A L C 

Alfar la mano del negocio, to deiift 
from fuch an aflair. 

Alfar la palabra, to difchargc a man 
of the tie oí his word or promife. 

Alfar defiimo, to call home a ba- 
niih'd perfbn. 

Alear de obra, to give over work. 

Alcajrfe a m.xyores, to take upon one'» 
ielf, to be above the reft. 

Alfárfe en el jutgo, to give over play 
a winner, without allowing the adver- 
fary a revenge. 

Alfarje el banco, un mercader, is 
for a bank or a merchant to break. 

Alfarje el agua, to give over rain- 

Alfarje el réyno, pueblo, to rebel. 

Alfarje a Jii mana, to go from one's 

Alfarje la regla a la mugir, is for a 
woman's courfes to flop. 

yugar al alfar, to play on ñones 
or tiles, tofllng up a piece of money, 
and he that is neareil the creafe where 
they join, loies, 

Alcarava'n, the fowl call'd a bit- 
tern. Arabick. 

piernas Áe alcaraván, long fpindle- 

Prov. Alcaraván fancúdo, para otros 
concejo, pitra Jl ninguno : The long- 
legg'd bittern has advice for others» 
and none for himfelf. Apply'd to 
thoie who afe always adviilug others, 
and know not how to govern their 
own affairs. Borrow'd from this fa- 
ble : The fox threacned the dove fhe 
would eat her, if ihe did not give her 
ibme of her young. The dove for fear 
confented ; which the bittern perceiv- 
ing, bid the dove give no more, for 
the fox could not come at her. The 
fox underftanding who gave the ad- 
vice, ask'd the bittern how fhe fiept at 
n1*ht ; who reply'd, that clapping her 
beak under her wing, which fhe did 
then to ihow the fox the manner, 
who, taking that advantage, leap'd 
upon the bittern, and killed her. So 
that ñie gave good advice to the dove, 
but knew not how to advife her felf. 

Alcarave'a, carraway-fecd. A- 

Alcarace'jo, a town in Andalu- 
luzia; being the laft of the &ven call'd 
¡OS PedrOihes. It contains ?oo families. 

AlcaracÓ]o, one of the feven 
mountain towns in the kingdom of 
Cordova, called all together los Pedro- 
ches, about I <, leagues from that city. 

Alcara'z, a imall town feated on 
a high ridge among the mountains, 
call'd sierra Morena, in Andahzia ; an- 
tiently call'd Orgia. 

F Alcar- 

A L C 

AlcaRCe'na, dwarf elder. 
ALCARCHÓFAy an artichoak. Ara- 

Alcarchofa'do, of an artichoak 
coloiir, or lilk wroughc with aiti- 

Alcarra'zAj a lore of pitcher com- 
monly with four handles, made or 
■vvhite clay, that has ibmcthing of fak- 
pttrc in it, and tiicrcfore keeps water 
very cool. Arabick, from the verb en- 
reje, to pinch, becaiifc this fort» of 
pitchers are pinch'J in the making. 

Alcarria, a country full of villa- 
ges and country houfcs, or cottages ; 
a;io the country houfes, or cottages 
themfelvcs, Arabick. 

Alcarta'z, a paper turned ñiarp 
at one end, and open at the other; 
fuch as confcilioncrs ufe to wrap fvveet- 
meats, or the like. Arabick. 
Alcatara, vid. Ak^mtára. 
Alcatifa, a carpet, a blanket for 
a bed, a bed in a garden. So called 
from the port of Catifa in Arabia, be- 
caufe when the Portagiiefe firll traded 
in thofe parts, asking the Arabs whence, 
they brought the fine carpets, they an- 
fwer'd, cl Catifa, that is, from Cati- 
fa, which the Portuguefes put togethei , 
and gave that name to a carpet. 
Alcatife, in cant fignifies illk. 
Alcatife'roj in the fame language 
5i a filk-ilealer. 

Alcatra'z, a fea-fowlj like a fea- 
gull. Arabick. 

Alcava'la, a duty upon all goods 
fold, the fame as the Italian Gabella. 
From the Arabick cavéis, to receive ; 
or the Yífübiivi gahal, to limit, or fet 
a rate. 

Alcavaie'ro, a colledor, or ga- 
therer of the Akavala. 

Alcavia, a Mooriih carpet. Ara- 

Alcaucí, or Alcaucil, a kind of 
thiflle eaten in Spain, otherwife call'd 
cardo. We call them cardoons. In 
Arabick they call thefe thinks el klor- 
fiof; but in the old African or Punick 
language they are called gardcas. 

Alcaude'te, a town in Andalnzia, 
among the hills, fix leagues from the 
city yaen. It has a flrong and beau- 
tiful caiile, which is the palace of the 
earls of this title. The houfcs are 
iico, befides thofe of gentry, tv^o 
parifhes, two monalteries of friars, and 
two of nuns. 

Alcaudón, a fort of bird they 
keep in cages in Spain. It has a lonu 
tail, and therefore took its name from 
the Latin canda, a tail 

A L C 

deaths, hats, or the like. Arabick. 

Alcayclria, a quarter of the city 
Granada, where all that trade in filks 
live, and in the Romans time paid a 
duty to the emperors, whence it has 
the name, the Moors calling the C<i- 
fars, Cayzars. From this it has been 
taken to lignify any place where there 
are many Uiops, as an exchange. 

Alca'yde, a governor or confiable 
of a caftle ; alfo a goaler. Arabick. 

I'rov. // alcayde, y a la donzélla, 
m le diga tiádie, jí yo qui fiera: Let 
no man fay to a governor ct a fort, or 
to a maid, if I would. That is, if I 
would I could take your fort ; becaufe 
it is an aftront, and will certainly 
make them your enemies. 

Alcavdia, the government or con- 
ñableíliip of a, caitle ;. the keeping of 
a goal. 

AlcayrIa, \\á. Alquería. 
Alca'yta, v\i. Alcayata. 
Alcayziria, v\A. Alcayceria. 
Alcaza'ba, vid. Alcaci'iba,, 
Alca'zar, vid. Alcafar. 
A'l c e, an elk. 

Alchimilla, the herb ftartwort. 
Alchihísta, vid. Alquimi'^a, 
Alcídes, Hercules. 
Alción, the bird call'd a king's- 

Alciónio, or Alcyonio, a hard ye: 
fponoy fort of matter growing in the 
fea. ° S?e Kay hiñ. plant, verb. Alcyo- 

AlciRA, a town in the kingdom of 
Valencia, three leagues from Xativa, 
feated in a plain, near the r'wexXucar, 
in a rich foil, wall'd, inhabited by 
! 800 families, has two churches under 
one pariih, with fifty three benefices, 
five monaflerjes of friars, and one of 

A'l c o, a little fort of beaft the Spa- 
niards found in the IVcfi Indies, like a 
dog,for which reafon the Indians, who 
had never feen dogs till the Spaniards 
carry'd them, call them by this name of 
aleo. F. yof. Acojl. nat. hiji. Wefi Ind. 
lib. 4. p. 177- . 

Alcoba, an alcove, a feparate part 
of the r.oom where the bed Hands. 
Arabick, el kkaub, fignifying to lleep. 
Alcoba'<;a, a fmall town in Portu- 
gal, eight leagues from Santaren, but 
famous for the royal monaftery of the 
order of St. Bernard which is there, 
and is the burial-place of feveral kings 
of Portugal. 

Alcoce'l, a little town in Spain; 
the name in Arabick fignifies calHes. 
Alcocade'n, a term in aftroicoy 

AiCjiyA'TAj a.pinor.nail to hang u§'d by the Arabs to Cgnify the lord 

A L C 

of life ; or that in a figure ailrological, 
which fliows how long a man has to 
live, according to the folly of aflrolo- 

Alcofa, a basket. Arabick. 
ALcoHE'LAj.the herb endive. Ara- 

Alcohol, antimony, a mineral of 
a metallick nature, conlilling, i. of a 
mineral fulphur ; z. of a great quan- 
tity of mercury ; 3. of a terreitrial fub- 
Itance and a little fait, found in Ger~ 
many, Hungary, and Tran'y vania. It is 
good for the eyes, and is the Itibium of 
the fcripture, us'd by women to black, 
their eye-brows. From the Arabick 
article el and coil, the powder of crude 

Alcohola'do, coloiir'd with an- 
timony, black'd. 

Alcoholado toro, a bull with black, 
eyes, as if black'd with antimony. 

Alcohola'r, to colour with anti-. 

Alcohole'ro, one that fells the 
compoiition of antimony. 

Alqole'a, a town_ in Andaluziay. 
fix leagues from Se-vil on the river 
Guadalquivir, has 500 houfes, is in 
a rich foil, belongs to the knights 
of Malta, and was formerly call'd 
Flavium Arvenfe. There is another lit- 
tle town of about feventy houfes of 
the fame name, on the banks of the 
river Zinga, in the kingdom of Ara- 
gón. The name fignifies a fmall for- 
trefs, or a place near a river. 

Alcomenias, all forts of fpicc ufeá 
in drelfing meat. This word is moft 
peculiar to the kingdom of Toledo. 
Alcói«, vid. Halcón. 
Alconche'l, a fmall town in Ci- 
Jiile in Spain ; the name Arabick, and 
lignifies the honourable. 

Alcon^illa de Brafit, a fort of red 
us'd by women for their faces. 
Alconcillo, vid. Halconcíllo. 
Alcora'n, the alcoran, the book of 
the law of Mahomet. Arabick. ^ 
Alcorza, a lozenge. Arabick. 
Alcorca'do, candied with fugar 5 
met. curious, fine, dainty, nice. 

Alcorcilla, a little lozenge, or, 
as we now ufe the Spaniih name, a 

Alcorcón, a town- twa leagues 
from Madrid, moft noted for potters» 
Arabick, fignifying a hillock. 

Alcornoca'l, a grove or wood' 
of cork-trees. 

Alcornoque, the cork-tree. Ara- 
bick í7/i.V^;íe, jiakedj becaufe it isflrip- 
ped of ?lj6 baik. _ 


A L D 

ALCÓRQ.UE, acorkihoe or flipper. 

Alcoscu<¡ú, vid. Akufaiz, 
Alcota'n, a hawk call'd a hobby. 

Alcova, vid. Alcoba, 
Alcóy, a town in the kingdom of 
rnlencia, 15 leagues from that city, 
ftnds deputies to the corus, has a rich 
iron mine, a fruitful foil, 1 000 houfcs, 
«nd two monafteries of friars, and a 
ftrange fountaiji, which runs plentiful- 
ly for 15 or 14 years, then Hops as 
long, and then runs again. 

Alcoytin, a town in Portugal, <¡ 
leagues from Tavira, near the river 
Guadiana, has about loo houfcs, a 
flrong calUe, and but an indifferent 

AlcreBÍte, brimftone. Arabick. 
ALCRtviTE, idem. 
Alcudia, a territory in the pro- 
vince oí 'Ejlremadura in Spain, whicher 
they drive the cattle out of Cajiile to 
winter, becauie it is all palUire, being 
Cnall hills, but no mountain. Arabick. 
Alcuesca R, a town in the pro- 
vince of Ejlremadura in Spain, lour 
leagues from Merida, in a fruitful foil, 
Jias 400 houfes, one pariih, and two 

AlcuSa, or Akiirnia, often taken 
for a family or race, which is its true 
fignification in the Arabick, whence 
the Spaniih borrow'd it ; but moil fre- 
quently taken for a name of didindion, 
or an addition to a lirname, obtain'il 
by ibrae great adion, notable virtue, 
excellent quality, or extraordinary 
mark ; as, Guzman el buéj-.o, Guzman 
the good, given him for his "brave de- 
fence of Tarifa ; and fo of many o- 

ALCÚ2A, an oil-pot. Arab. 
Prov. Mas efatrrido, tjtie akiiza de 
fantéio: Drain'd drier than an oil-pot, 
of one that begs for the lamps in 
churches. That is, drain'd to the lall 
drrm. It alio iignifics a lean, lank,' 
¿ry fellow. The realbn, becaufe thofe 
men always drain the oil well out of 
their pots, to plead poverty. 

Alcuza'zo, a blow with an oil-pot. 
Alcuzcuz, a pafle made with Une 
flower and honey, and reduced into 
lound pellets no bigger than feeds ; 
jood to eat, and brought into Spain 
by the Moors, whofe the name is. 

Alcuzeúza, a Ibrt of pottage thick- 
wed with meal, eaten by the Indians. 
AlcuzIlla, a little oil-pot. 

A L D 
A'lda, a skirt, a woman's coats. 
Vid. HÁlda and Falda. 


Prov. Pónér áldas en anta : To tuck 
up one's coats under their girdle. That 
is, to be in a readineis. 

Alda'ea, or Aldííva, a handle, ring, 
or hafp to lift a thing, or to hold by ; 
alfo the knccker of a door. Arabick. 

Aldava'da, a iUoke with a knock- 
er, or ring at a door. 

Aldavea'r, to knock at a door, to 
clatter with a knocker. 

Aloavilla, a little knocker of a 
door, a little rinj^, handle, or hafp. 

Aldavon, a great knocker at a 
door, a great ring to hold by, 
Alde'a, a village. Arabick. 
Alde'a del Rio, a town of 400 
houfes in the province oí Andaluzia in 
Spam, nine leagues from Cordova up 
the river. 

Alde'a Nue'va, a finall town or 
village in the great plain of Vlafencia, 
in the province of Ejlremadura, 

Aldea'na, a country lafs,_ or wo- 

Prov. ^e lleva el aldeana ? Si el 
afno cae, no lleva nada : What is it 
the country woman carries ? If the 
afs fails, ñie carries nothing. The ais 
was loaded with eggs, and if he fell 
they would brealij and then were no- 

Aldeañe'co, mean, country-like, 
ill bred. 

Aldea'no, a countryman. 
Prov. El aldeano darie la una táfa 
de vino, y beverfe ha quatro : The 
clown will give you one glaís of wine, 
jnd will drink four hinilélf. That is, 
for want of breeding, and much love 
of th.e wine. 

Prov. Al aldeano dale el pié, y to- 
marte ha la mano : If you give a clown 
your foot, he'il take you by the hand. 
That is, give him an inch, and he'll 
take an ell. 

Aldegue'la, a little village. 
Prov. En el aldeguila mas mal ay, 
que fe Juina: There is more mifchici 
in the village than is talk'd of.. This 
they fay when any thing that goes a- 
mifs is whifper'd about, yet lo, that 
half the harm is fiippofed to be con- 
ceal'd, which, tho' not told, is ga- 
ther'd by circumftances. 

Aldere'te, the name of a fmall 
town in Spain, and the furname of a 

Aldiza, a fort of bruih-wood or 
heath they make brooms of in the 
kingdom of Toledo in Spain. Ara- 

AldÓnca, the name of a "woman, 
ufed in Spain, being a corruption oí 

A L i; 


Aleación de plata, o oro, dij^onér 
las aleaciones, to reduce filver or gold, 
too fine or too coarfe, to the llandard 
for coining. 

Alea'da, a ftroke with a wing. 
Alea'r, to beat with the wiiips ; 
met. to begin to ñiow courage. 

AkiW metales, to put allay to metals. 

Ale'be, atraytor; viA. Aleve. 

Alebrando, frighted like a hare. 

Aleera'rse, to be frighted, or in 
fear. From Uchre, a hare. 

Ale'cto, one of the three furiesj 
fignifies reftlels. Greek. 

Ale'che, a herring. 

Ale'da, dregs of honey, wine, &(^ 

Aleda'no, a boundary or limit. 

Alegación, an allegation. 

Alega'do, alleJged. 

Alegador, one that alledges. 

Alegamie'nto, allcdging. 

Alega'r, to alledge, to plead, to 
quote law or authors for what one fays. 

Alegoría, an allegory, a figurative 
expreilion. Greek. 

Alegoriza'r, to fpeak allegories. 

Alegra do, rejoiced, made merry. 

Alegra'n(¡a, a fmall illand with a 
convenient haven and caltle near the 

Alecra'r, to rejoice, to make 

Ale'gre, joyful, merry, of a plea- 
fant difpolition. 

Alegreíiíe'nte, joyfully, merrily. 

Alegre'te, a poor wall'd town (£ 
about 350 houfes in Portugal, i leagues 
from Portalegre, fends reprefentacives 
to the cortes. 

Alegre'za, mirth, joy. 

Alegría, mirth, joy ; alfo the lée¿ 
call'd ajonjolí, of which fee more in its 

Prov. Alegría fecréta, candela muer- 
ta: A fecret joy is like a candle that 
is not lighted. Becaufe joy delires to 
be communicated, and is of little fatif- 
fadion concealed. 

Prov. Alegrías antruejo, que mañáint 
iferíts ceniza : Rejoice Shrovetide, for 
to morrow you will be aihts. A 
check to immoderate joy or pleafure, 
or for a preftnt joy which muft be 
turned into forrow. Borrow'd from 
the great merry-making at Shrovetide, 
and the putting afhes on the forehead 
on Ailiwedncfday, to put us in 
we ar<: dult and allies. 

Prov. Alegrías aharde'ros, que fe 
quema el valado : Rejoice carrieis, for 
the fence is a-fire. That is, a fence 
that kept them from taking a Ihort c I 
F * ovfi 


mtr grounds. ApplyM to thoíé who 
iLJoice at niifdúcf, cho' never fo great, 
in hopes of íbmt fniall advantage to 
accrue to thcnifclvcs. 

Prov. Sirmbra y cria, y auras ale- 
pría : Sow and breed, and you will 
have joy. Good advice to thifc who 
h.ivc lands, and receive fati:.faCtion in 
i;cc)d crop!, and the incrcafe of their 

Alegría, a town of about i^o 
houfc, one parifti, and one monaftcry 
of nuns, in the province of A¡iib.i u\ 
the nor:h of Sfain, two leagues from 
the city Vitoria, 

^Lt&RO^•, a great fuddcn joy upon 
groundlefs news. 

Alegue', Jiléfio, v'lA. Akgár. 

Alejado, Alejar,&.c, via, Alexádo, 

Aleji'i, vid. Alextl, 

Alel), or Alhelí, a violet, accord- 
ing to N.'briffenjti ; Others fay, a dove- 

Allelúya, hallelujah, fung in 
churches. Hcb. praife the Lord. 

Alema'n, a ücrman. 

La Alemana, the Alman, a heavier 
fort of dance than the Galliard. 

Alemana'do, of or like a German. 

Alemanisco, a fort of Gemían 

Alema'nia, or Alemana, Germany. 

Alen'ca'stro, the name of a noble 
family in Portugal, whofe chief is 
«tuke ofAveyro. See more of it, verb. 
Avc\ re. 

Ale'ndro, the rofe bay-tree. 

Alekque'r, a town of about 400 
houfes, 7 leagues from Lisbon in Por- 
tugal, on the banks of a river that falls 
into the Tagns. 

Alenta'do, bold, brisk, encou- 

Alenta^r, to breath, to encourage, 
to grow bold. 

Alente'jo, a province oí Portugal, 
on the fouth fide of the river T^rgiis, 
whence it takes its name. Alen ligni- 
fying beyond, and Te'jj the Tagus, in 
Poixuguefe, and this in reipeft to Lif- 

Ale'rta, in areadinels, upon one's 
guard, watchful. 

Ale'ro, the eves of the houfe. 

Ale'rze, the cedar-tree. Arab. 

Ale SNA, or Alezna, an awl. 

Agiiik como :lna ak'zna, as iharp as 
an av/l, a man of a iliarp wit ; alio 
i¡ñ active, Airing per'bn. 

Alü T.A, a little wing, or fin of a 

Alevada'dOj leaven'dJ. 
Ai,syM}A.'v.,^ to leavfn. breads. 


Ale've, a traitor. From ¡eve, light. 

Ale'vo, a God-lbn. From the La- 
tin aUew, becaufc the God-father takes 
him up ill his arms. A word little 

Alevosía, treachery, falfhood. 

Alevoso, a traitor, or treacherous. 

Ale xa'do, gone far off, at a diiiance. 

Allxamie'nto, going far ott, fet- 
ting at a diftance. 

Alexa'ndro, the proper name A- 

Prov. Alexandra es cornudo, fi'palo 
Dios y todo el milndo : Alexander is a 
cuckold, be it known to God and all 
the world. This they fay, when any 
vices or imperfections of great men are 
made publick. The ground of the 
proverb is from this fable. One king 
Alexander had horns grevir on his head, 
which he cover'd with a cap, and 
none faw but his barber, who upon 
pain of death was not to difcover it. 
The barber not able to keep the fecret, 
dug a hole in the ground among lome 
reeds, where he fo often repeated the 
words of the proverb, that tht reeds 
took the Ibund, and when the boys 
made pipes of them, all the ibund was, 
■Alexatider is a cuckold, be it hwwn to 
Cod and all the worldi 

Alexa'r, to remove at a diftance. 
From léxos, far. 

Alexixa, a ibrt of andoulle, or 
■great fauflage of fwines flelh. Ara- 

Ale'xo, the proper name of a man. 
Alexias ; alfo a certain antidote againit 

Ale'xi;, a fort of fweet-meat, made 
of honey, pine-apple kernels, Ipice, 
&'c. Arabick; 
' Ale'zna, an awL 
A L F 

Aleabl'ga, vid. Albaháca. 

Alíaha'r, a potters íhop, or the 
place where he makes his pots. Ara- 

Alfaharería, the place where all 
the potters live and work at their 

Al?ahare'ro, a potter. 

Alfaje'me, Alfayérne, ox Alfaxéme, 
all Obf. for a barber. Arabick. 

Alí AJÓR, vid. Alexú. 

ALFA'LrA, three-leav'd, or cjover- 
grafs. Arabick. 

Alealfa'r, a field of clovcf-graG. 
Ovalle, relación de Chili, )». 145.'e, more properly .íl//'<i»;¿f3 
a coveriLt or red blanket. Arabick. 

Alfa'ndega, a town of about 150 
houfcs, 4 leagues from Tuj-re dsMi>ncorto 
in Povtugah. 

A L F 

ALrAÑE'Q.UE, the hawk called 3- 

Alja'nge, a fcymitar. From the 
Latin y<j/.r, a ij'the. 

ALAEANjA'zOja flrokcof a fcymitftr,' 

ALrAQ,uE'(iu£,one that is cmploy'd 
in the redemption of captives. Ara- 

Alfa'q,ues, a imall ¡Hand on the 
coaft of the kingdom of Valencia in 
Spain, and a city on the coaft oÍAfrick,. 

Alfaqui, a great prieft, a lawyer 
or dodor of law of the Moors. Ara-, 

Alfa'rda, a tribute the Moors ami 
Jews paid to Chriftian princes for li- 
berty to live in their dominions. Ara-, 
hick farda, land-tax. 

Alfarfa'r, a field of a high coarfe 
fort of grais, excellent for feeding of 
black cattle and horfes. 

Alfa'rge, an oil-mill; properly 
the under ilone of the oil-mill. Ara^ 
bick farecky a bed. 

Alfargia, a very thin board. A-; 

Alfa'ro, a town betwixt the cities 
Calahorra and Tudela of the kingdom, 
oí Navarre in Spain. 

Alfaróbas, the herb and feed call'ii 

Alfaxe'me, vid. Alfajémei 

Alfaxór, vid. Alexti. 

Alfaya'ta, Obf. a woman-taylor. 

Alfaya'te, Obf. a taylor. Ara--, 
bick, from hayete, to lew, 

Alfayates, a wall'd town of about 
1 80 houfes, near Sabugal in Portugah 

Alfx'ka, vid. Alheña. 

Alfexique, a pafte made of fugar 
to open obftrudions in the breaft, com- 
monly made up in long flender rolls to 
put into childrens mouths for them to . 
fuck, whence it took its nsme from the 
Arih.fe'nicufJ!, that is, long and flendci. 

Hecho de alfeñique, a mail that is ve.- 
ry ficndcr, or that is. very dainty and 

Alfereíía, convulfions in chiflffcn*^ 
and human creatures, the flaggers ia 
horfes. Vrrea a Spaniih author, well 
vers'd in the Arabick, fays, it is de-- 
rived from the verb fereze, fignifying 
to occalion lofi or tioublc, btcaufe va- 
ry few that have it efcape. F. Guadir 
derives it frcm/frff ;'/?, that is, belong- 
ing to horfes, being the ftaggers in 
them. One who uadcrllands Arabick 
informs me, that in Arabick the dilerie 
by us call'd St. .'!;.// Wi)'s fire is call'd 
'Ñar el ferjla. 

h-Li^'Kis, an enCgQ. Arabick, 
from fjrefe^^ to be a gentleman ; </r 


A L G 

from the Lat. aquilifer. At chefs ic is 
a biihop. 

Alfid, or AJfil, ObC vid. Agüere. 
Alí ide'i, Obf. vid. Aljilér. 

Alfilb'Rj a pin, fuch as are ufcd 
about ¿loaths. Arabick, ííovnfelelé, to 
jhriift through. 

Prov. Colgíír el Don de AlfUr: To 
hang on the Don with a pin. When 
a man will be call'd Don, or aflumes 
the title that does not belong to him. 

Prov. ^tién no alfa un uljiUr, no 
tune en n¡nia t fn nmgér : He that docs 
not take up a pin, does not value his 
wife. Becauie the pins belong to the 
•women, and it is a íígn of love, when 
a man ftoops for ib inconfiderable a 
thing as a pin, becaufe it belongs to 
his wife. 

Al fin, at the end, or in fine. 

Aleocigo, vid. Alhócigo, 

Alfolí, vid. Alholí. 

Alfombra, a carpet. Arabick. 

Alfonsina, a very levere aét they 
go through, who take their degrees in 
divinity at Akala ; fo call'd, becaufe 
perforni'd in the chapel of S. Ildefonfiis, 
which is the fame as Alfonfo. 

Alfonso, the proper name of a 
man. It is Gothiek, and fignifies the 
firft. There have been eleven kings 
of this name in Caftile. 

Alforja, a wallet. Arabick. met. 
a crook-back'd fellow. 

Capador de alforja, a poacher, that 
takes all game he can come at, at any 

Alfórnas, the herb fenugreek. 

Alforría, or Alforva, vid, Jlfír- 

Alfórxa, vid. Alforja. 

Alforza, a tuck in a garment. 

Alfoz, Obf. the limits or hoimds, 
A L G 

AlgagIas, a horfe-man's equipage. 

A'lga marina, iea-weed, or 
fea-mofs. Lat. alga. 
'^'Al'ga'jda, Obf. a thicket or wood, 
a place full of buflies. Arabick. 

Alga'lia, civet. Arabick. 

Alga'ña, darnel. Arabick. 

Alga'ra, a body of horfe that goes 
out to pillage, or the iucurfion they 
make. Arabick, Alio the name of a 
fniall town two leagues from SevH. 

Algarabía, Arabick. 

Algara'da, a tumult, a hurly bur- 
ly ; alio the palling of an army feve- 
ral times before fires in the night, to 
make the enemy, believe they are more 
than they are. Arabick. 

Algarasita, pedlars French. Arab. 

A L G 

AlgaravÍa, vid. Algaraliít. 

Alca'rbe, a very linall province, 
call'd a kingdom, on the fouth of Por- 
tugal, and belonging to that crown. 
On the fouth and welt it is waih'd by 
the ocean, aad on the eaft joins with 
A7¡dalKZJa. Remarkable for nothing. 
The name Arabick, and fignifies the 
kingdom of the Moors. 

A L g a R e'r o, a great talker or 

Alca'res, caves, dens, holes, or 
pits. Arabick. 

Algarroba, the fruit call'd a ca- 

Algarrobo, the carobe-tree, 

Alga'va, a town in Andaluzia two 
leaoues ihoveSevil, has 600 houfes,one 
panih, two chapels, and one monafte- 
ry of Francifcans It is a marquifate 
in the noble family of Guzman y Cor- 
dova, who is alio earl of Teha, and 
marquis of Cardales. Only the mills 
on the river are worth to the marquis 
above 6000 /. per ann. 

Alga'va, cv Algáyda, vi¿. Algaida. 

Algaza'ra, properly the cry or 
fhout of the Moors when they join 
battel ; thence ufed for any confufed 
noife, cries, or babling,- 

Algí'bra, algebra > alio the art of 
bone-ietting. Arabick. 

Algebrista, one that underñands 
algebra ; aiib a bone-fetter. 

Algedre'z, vid. AxedrJz. 

Al.gehiía'o,, a pedlar that goes 
from fair to fair, and from market to 

Alge'r, or Algez, plaifier, fuch as 
is ufed on walls. In Arabick, jeer is 
lime, and el jips is plainer. 

Alge'&bej a fmall riv-er in Cld Ca- 

Algezíra, formerly a famous city 
in Spain, on the mouth of the flreights 
of Gibraltar, famous for three notable 
lieges the Moors held out in it againft 
the kings of Cafiile, and at laft taken 
by king Alfonfo the eleventh. It is now 
gone to ,ruin. So call'd from the Kxi- 
hick . gezaré, to feparate, becaufe it 
Hood almoit in the fea from the con- 

AlgIee, a ciftern, a vail gi-eat 
vefl'el to keep water ; . alio a place 
where Haves were kept. From the 
Arabick algiiina, a cave or den. 

Algibista, a bone-fetter. Arab. 
el jiihbar. 

A'l g o, fomething.. It was former- 
ly taken for v/ealrh, as appears by F. 
Pineda in hlsMoyiarrh. Xieclef. I. 3. c, 16. 
5. 4. where fpeaking of Davids taking 
the booty £om (htAmahkitej, he. fays-, 

A L H 

Datid gano grande Algo ; David got 
great wealth. And /.ujo dalgo, a gen- 
tleman, fignifies a ion of wealth, or 
n cftate. 

Fulano es algo, fuch a one is a man 
of note, or ot worth. 

Hombre de algo, a man of fübíVance. 

Mas vale algo que nada, Ibmething 
is better than nothing. 

Algodón, cotton. Arabick. 

Prov. Algodón cogió, ijiial la hallares., 
tal te la d¿y : She gather'd cotton, 
take her as you find her. It fignifies 
that women who have been abroad in 
the fields, as gathering of cotton, caiv 
have no body to anfwer for their ho- 
nefty; and in general it includes all 
women that give themfelves to ram» 

Algodona'do, cotton'd. 

Algodonadór, a cottoner. 

Algodón a'r, to cotton, to nap 

Algorfa, a floryof a houfe. A- 

ALGüAQ,t;iDA, a match to light fire 
with. Arab. 

Alguarismo, vid. Guarífmo. 

Alguazíl, the proper name of art' 
officer to apprehend all criminals and' 

Algitazü de corte, is equivalent to ■ 
our fcrjeants at arms and Icing's mef- 
fengers. The common Alguaziles ar» 
alfo the king's officers, or city officers, 
but not exaftly anfwering to any in 
Englaml, only, as is faid, they are to 
apprehend all criminals. The etymo- 
logy Arabick, from el gu-azir, a mini- 
fter of juftice, and originally from the 
Hebrew ^<im/, to lay hold of. 

Alguazil de mofeas, a great ipider 
that catches flies in her web. 

Piov. Algiiaz'l defcuid.'idc, ladrénts 
cada niercíído : When the Alguazil is 
negligent, there are thieves eveiy 

Prov. Alguazil de campa cóxo, ■ o niárl' 
CO : A country Alguazil is lame either of 
hand or foot. Becaufe in loncibme 
places malefadori make reliftancc, and 
hurt them; or elfe becaufe they :.ii- 
knaves, and connive rt criminals. 

Alguazila'sgo,- the oflice- of ail 

A'lgdien, ibme body. 

Alguno, fome body, or fome .ai«, • 

A L R 
Ae-Ha', God. Arabick.- 
Alhace'na, vid. Alhazéna;- 
Am ADIDA, burnt brafs j, alia s 
rule belcnging,,to the- allroiabe. • Ara*- 
bick» . 


A L H 

Alha'ja, all manner of furniture, 
houfliold goods, or any ochtr; a jewel 
or precious thing. Arab. 

I'rov. Al'jjt '¡ue tiene Loca, 
U tilia: No body will meddle with a 
piece of iiirniture that has a mouth. 
That is, none care for fuch things as 
are a conltant chargr. 

I'rov. ^itn trabaja, tiene alhaja 
He that works has furniture. Wc 
mu/l take pains, if we txptft to get 
a|iy thing. 

Alhaja'do, furnifliM. 

Alhaja'r, to furnilli. 

Aliiajl'mi:, Obf. a barber. Arab. 

Alhaili, vid. Alhelí. 

Alha'ma, a city in the kingdom of 
Cratia.^a in Spain, wall'd, well built, 
on a Cnall ri\er, in a rich country, 
and contains ííoo houfes, one parilh 
church, two monalkries of friars, and 
one of nuns. Famous for iti hot baths , 
anticntly call'd Artigi. The prcfcnt 
name, given by the Moors, lignifics 
baths. Alfo a fiiiall town of about 
100 houfes in the kingdom of Aragón, 
four leagues fjom Calatayud, where 
there are alfo hot baths, and therefore 
it has the fame name ; antiently Aqu£ 

Alhama'r, a river in the kingdom 
of Granalla in Spaifi, Alfo a Mooriih 
proper name of a man, (ignifying red. 

Alha'mbra, a ftrong fortrefs in the 
city Granada in Spain, above all the 
other buildings of the city, with the 
royal palace, and a monallcry of Fran- 
ciicans in it, built by the Moorifli 
kings. 'The name Arabick, fignifies 
red caftle. 

Alhami/i, Obf. a porter that car- 
ries burthens. Arab. 

Alhandúq.U£, a quarter in the 
city lokdo, fo call'd from the Arabick 
handaijue, lignifying a gutter, becauie 
it lies in a hollow betwixt two hills. 

Alha'nge, vid. Alange. 

Alhania, an alcove, or place for 
a bed to itand. Arabick, lignifying a 

ALHA<5.ut'<iUE, a herald at arms. 

Alheq.ui', vid, Alfaqui. 

Alhara'ca, an outcry. Hebrew 
]carah, to be angry. 

Alharaquie'nto, a noify, bawl- 
Jiig fellow. 

Alharga'ma, the herb wild rue. 

Alhaxí'me, vid. Allajéme. 

Alhaze'na, a cupboard. Arab. 

Alhe'ga, or Allélga, the ftaple of a 
Icck or bolt ; alfo the fpace betwixt 
.tec:h that do not Hand clofe. Arab. 

AlhilÍj vid. Aleíh 

A L I 

.^LHt'üA, a tree call'd privet, or 
primprint ; alfo a fort of ointment to 
dye tie han- black. Arabick. 

Alhe.ña'do, dyed black. 

AlhePa'rsl, to dye the hair black. 

Alhl Rcr, a fort of cedar. Arabick. 

Alholbas, fenugreek. Arabick. 

Alhócigo, the hllick nut or tree ; 
the piliacho. Arabick. 

Alholi', a place to keep corn in, 
a barn, a granary, a bin. Arabick. 

Alhondiga, a lliop, a warehouii.-, 
a granary. Arabick. 

Alhosibra, \id. Alfombra, a carpet; 
alfo the red fpots in the face proceed- 
ing from heat. Arabick. 

Alhondigue'ro, a ihop-keeper, a 
warehüufe or granary-keeper. 

Al hondón, at the bottom. 

Alhor-, vid. Aif.oli. 

Alhorre, a fort of troublefome 
running tetter. 

Alhorza, v'ld. Alforza. 

Alhostiga, the Mick nut, or pi- 

Alhóstigo, the piftacho-tree, or 

Alhoz, vid Alfoz. 

Alhozigo, vid. Alho figo. 

Alhüze'ma, or Aluzéma, lavender. 

Alhurre'ca, the fait foam that 
comes out of the roots of canes ; alfo 
the foam of the fea. Arabick. 
A L I 

Alia'do, allied, confederate. 

Aljafa'na, a deep bafon without 
brims, call'd alfo ajuf.tyna. Arabick. 

Aljaferia, the palace of the kings 
at Zaragóca ; fo called from ¡fafer the 
Moorifli king that built it. 

Alja'ma, an ailcmbl)', a congrega- 
tion ; commonly taken for a meeting 
of Jews. From the Hebrew jaw, a 
gathering of waters, and thence ufcd 
for people. 

Aljami'a, a ftrange, barbarous, and 
unintelligible language. The Arabs 
counted all nations barbarous but them- 
felves, the Hebrews, and Chaldeans, 
and therefore call'd all their languages 
aljamia, and particularly the Spanilh, 
wherefore it is generally taken for Spa- 

Aljamia'do, turn'd into Spaniih, 
or one that Ipeaks Spaniih. 

Alia'n^a, an alliance, a confede- 

Aha'r, to ally, to confederate. 

Aljara'z, a fmall bell. Arabick. 

Alja'va, a quiver. Arabick. 

Alica'ce, a foundation. Arab, 

Alicaído, wing-fallen. 

Alica'nte, a noble city and iea- 

A L I 

port in the kingdom of Valencia, on 

the Meditenatwan, encompalTed with 
Ilrong walls and towers, and has a 
good calUe, and a llately mole. The 
country about it is the moll fruitful 
and delicious in the world. The city 
Hnely built, contains 1 300 houfes, be- 
iides thofe of the nobility and gentry, 
two parilh churches, lix monaiteries of 
religious men, and two of nuns. An- 
tiently call'd Alone, 

Alicarsi'na, a return of fome mo- 
ney from the winner to the lofer, ei- 
ther out of gcnerolity, or by way of 
compolition, if he has not play'd fair, 
and is afraid of being diftover'd. 

Alicantes, pliers, a tool like pin- 
cers, ufed by fevcral trades for fmall 
work ; alfo nippei s to pull hair with. 
From the Arabick lecate, to hold fail. 

Ali(¡e'res, or Alizarsz, the Dutch 
tiles, fuch as we ufe to adorn the fides 
of chimneys. Arab. 

Aliciona'do, taught his leflbn. 

Aliciona'r, to teach one's leflcin,' 
toiníhuít. Vtom lición, a leflbn. 

Alicota, an aliquot part, as two 
to lix, and three to nine, being the 
third part, and fo of other numbers. 
Lat. aliquot. 

Aljemiía'o, a pedlar. Arabick. 

Alie'nde, vid. Allende. 

Alie'nto, breath, ipirir, courage, 
Lat. halittis. 

Alie'nto, Verb. vid. Alentar. 

Alie a'íes, a diftemper that break» 
out in blillers on the joints of beans. 

Aligera'do, made lighter, nimble, 
or aitive. 

Aligera'r, to lighten, to be nim'; 
ble or quick. 

Aliga'r, vid. A'ixár. 

Alijo, a t^wn in Portugal, four 
leagues from ViUa Real, containing a- 
bout I ^ 3 houfes, .the country about ic 
yielding little but cheltnuts. 

Alióla, a little wing. 

Alima'do, fil'd. 

Alimador, a filer. ^ - 

ALiMA'ifA, a brute bcaft, more par- 
ticularly tame cattle. Moft ufed by 
country people. 

Alima'r, to file; met. to refine. 
From lima, a file. 

Alima'ra, a fign made by the bea- 
cons on the coaft. 

A LI M E N T a'do, nouriih'd, fed, main- 

Alimentadór, one that nouriihes, 
feeds, or maintains. 

Aj.i.menta'Rj to nourilh, to feed, 
or maintain. 

A L I M e'n t o, nourifliment, food, 
maintenance. From the Latin alore. 

A L I 

AlimP IAD e'ro, any thing that ferves 
to make things clean. 

Alimpia'do, made clean. 

Alimpiador, a cleanfcr. 

Alimpiadúra, a cleanling. 
■ Alimpiadúras, the dregs, fcurf, 
parings, or any thing taken oft to 
clcanle another thing. 

Alimpia'r, to cleanfe. From hni- 
po, clean, 

Alinda'do, limited, bounded, con- 
fined ; alfo made fine or curious. 

Alinda'r, to limit, fet bounds, or 
confine ; alfo to make fine or curious. 
La the fiift fenfe from ¡I'/ide, a limit or 
boundary ; in che fecond from ¡indo-, 
fine, delicate.^ 

Ali'nde, the bounds or limits of 
any place ; aifo a magnifying-glafs, 
and the quickfilver behind a looking- 

Aliíía'do, fet in order, drefs'd, 
made fit ; alio a neat man. 

AliñadoRj one that fcts things in 
order, that dreiles or fits. 

Aliña'r, to drcis, to adorn, to fet 
in order, to make fit. From the Latin 
ii/iea, as if it were done by a line. 

Aliño, ncatneís. 

Aljófar, feed-pearl. Arab, from 
{I yúljar, the name of a port in Ara- 
bia, in the gu]{ of Perji a, where was a 
famous pearl-fifliery ; and the Portu- 
gutfes asking the Arabs, when firfl they 
came into thofe parts, where they had 
the pearl, they anfwer'd, el yúlfar, 
that is, at yulfar ; whence with a little 
corruption they made the word Aljófar. 

Aljofara'do, embroider'd, or a- 
dorn'd with feed-pearl. 

Aljofara'r, to embroider or adorn 
with feed-pearl. 

Aljoia'yna, a fine ibrt of earthen 

Aljoft2a'r, aplace laid with fine 
tile, or the fine tile it felf. Arab. 

Aljongb, the juice of a thiille bird- 
]'"^ isjl^iade of. Arab. 
'Aljonge'ra, a fow-thiftle. 

Aljonjolí', vid. Ajcngolú 

Aliox, Übf. marble. Arab. ' 

Alisa'do, fmooth'd. 

Alisadura, Cnoothing, plaining, 
and iliding. 

Alisa^'r, to fmooth, to make plain, 
and to Hide. From l:fi, fmooth. 

Ali'so, a fort cf willow. 

Ali'sma, a fen of plantane. . 

Ali'ssa, v'ld.Alifo. 

Alista'do, cm-olkd, lifted. 

Alista'r, to enroll, to lift. From 
hjla, a rol), or li!U 

Aljúbaj a Mooriili gartneat like a 


ihort veil:, after the eaftern faihion. 

Aljubarróta, a village in Pcrtii- 
gal, near which that nation gain'd a 
viitory over the Caftilians in the year 
I 565, which they boait of to this day. 

Aliviado, eas'd. 

Aliviador, one that eafes another. 

Aliviana'do, made light, flight, 
or giddy-headed. 

ALiviANA'R,to make light, orflight, 
or giddy-headed. From liviatw, light. 

Alivia'k, to eafe. 

Alivio, eafe. 

Alivio de hito, fecond mourning. 

Alixa'r, to lighten a ftiip, taking 
out goods either in a Itorm, cr that Ihe 
may draw Icfs water, to pafs over 

Alixa'res, publick walks, or places 
for the people to divert themftlves 
without the town. Vid. Exídos. 

Alixa'rls de Grana'da, a coun- 
try houfe the Moorifti kings ti Gra?ta- 
da had on the river Xenil, lignifying a 
llately Itruilure. 

Aliza'r, a row of Dutch tiles in a 
wall ; alio the tile it ftlf Arabick. 

Aliza'ze, the foundation of a wall. 
From the Arabick aziz, a foundation. 

Alla', thither ; as. Toy alia, I go 

Alia, there ; zs,A!lá éjla, he is there. 

Al la'do, by the lide. Two words. 

Allana'do, made plain or linooth, 
levell'd, made eafy. 

Allanador, one that plains, levels, 
or makes eafy. 

Allanadura, plaining, levelling, 
making eafy. 

Allana'r, to make plain, to level, 
to make eafy ; to quell difficulties, to 
quell rebels. From llano, plain. 

Ala'ndra, a town in Portugal on 
the banks of the river Tagus, not far 
from Villa Franca. 

Alla'r, vid. Hallar, 

Allegadizo, that is or may be 
brought together. 

Allega'do, gather'd ; alfo of a 

Allega'dos, hangers on. 

Allegador, one that gathers, or 

Allegador de ceniza, y derramador de 
harina, one that gathers aflies, and 
fcatters fiovver. That is, one that faves 
ac the fpiggor, and lets it run out at 
the bung. 

Allega DURA, or AUegamie'ntc, a 
gathering or heaping. 

Allega'r ; I'lsC To Allego, PrBt. 
AUegíú ; to gather, to heap, to draiv 

A L M 

near, to tnkc a party. From the Latia 
lego, to gather. 

Prov. Allcgáte a los buenos, y ferát 
úm déllos : join \vich gocd men, and 
you will be one of them. That is, 
keep gocd company, and you'll learn 
their good culloms, and be a good 
man ; or at Icaft you will not fail to 
be thought one : The contrary to. Evil 
communication corrupts good manners. 

Alll'go, Allegtié, vid. AUegár. 

Allina'do, fill'd. 

Allena'k, to fill. From lleno, ful!. 

Alle'ñde, beyond, furthermore, 
over and above, on the other fide. 

Allende y aquende, oix this lide anA 
the other. 

Allí, there, in that place. 

Allow a'r, Obf. to curfe. 

Alloza, a green almond. Arab. 

Alloza'Rj a grove of almond-trees» 

Allozo, the almond-tree. 

Alluvion, a great fuddcn inunda- 
tion, that carries all before it. 
A L M 

A'l m a, the foul. From the Latin 

A'lma de cañón, the bore or chambev 
of a cannon. 

A'lma de cántaro, a filly fellow. 

Mi alma, my dear foul. 

A'lma en pena, a melancholy duH 

E« mi alma, upon my ibu], an a.Te- 

Cuerpo Jin alma, a heavy, lumpilk 

El alma de la ley, the reafon or 
ground of the law. 

//// el alma tras una cofa, to covet 
a thing pailionately, as if one's foul 
yearn'd after it 

Vefame en el alma, I am íórry at my 

Tocar en el alma, to touch to thg 

Mil almas, a thbufand fouls, or 

No áy un alma, there is not one Ibulj ■ 
there is no body. 

No tener alma, to have no ibulj 
that is no confcience. 

Dar alma a ma cofa, to make 3 
thing lively. , . el alma a Dios, to" give one's 
Ibul to God, that is, to die. 

Dar el alma al diablo, to give one's 
foul to the devil, to itirk at no wick- 
ednefs, or to cuife one's iclf. 

Dar el alma a un amigo, to give 
one's foul to a friend, to cxpofe or ha= 
zarí one's life for him. 

Amigo del ¡ilma¡ a dear friend, 


A L M 

tl aim* me da ^ue ei ajji, my ibul, 
that ij, my uiinJ gives mc it is ib. 

Prov. Pir tiiejlra alma vayan éjjoj 
falit nójltrs : Let tSofc Pater tiofers, 
or prayers be Li your own foul. This 
they fay to one that mutters or curfcs. 

I'rov. Su alma en fu ¡alma : His 
ibul in his hand. In a double fenfc, 
cither that he may do as he pleafes, or 
that he is in danger of his life. 

I'rov. In alma fola, rii canta, ni 
Uóra : One Ibul alone neither Cngs nor 
weeps. That is, one pcribn alone 
makes no harmony, wants focicty and 

Prov. Ej como el alma de Caribay, 
que no la ijHifo Dies, ni el di/tlh : He 
IS like the loul of Garib.\y, which nei- 
ther God nor the devil would have. 
We heve a faying, he hangs betwixt 
heaven and hell like Erafmits. What 
is the rcafon of this faying of Caribay, 
I have not found. 

Almai^a'n, a town in Ca/lile oí a- 
bout 5 DO houfes, eight parifti churches, 
two monaftcries of fiiai s, one of nuns, 
two hofpitals, eight chapels, one pri- 
ory, and one commendary of M.ilt.i, 
a noble palace of the earls, llrong 
walls, and feven gates, the country 
about it extraordinary fruitful. It is a 
mari^uifate in the noble family of Mof- 
cófo, who came to it by a marriage 
with an htirefs of the houfe of Men- 
noca, of which there had been two 
uiarqui/Tes of this title, the family of 
Mcfcofo being before earls of /!/fíTOT?V¿r, 
V'.Hich now goes to the eldeft fon of 
the marquis, the earldom conferr'd on 
them by king ^ohn the fecond, in the 
year 1455. Their arms are, ?arl! per 
Pale; the firil. Argent, a «'olf's head 
proper ; the fecond, Or, two wolves 
¡ajfant, fayiguin. 

Almacarron-, a cafile in the king- 
dom of Murcia in Spain, near which 
there ¡3 abundance of allum.'ciga, gum maftich. Arabick.'cigas, great pots, or boxes, 
or little beds, in which gardeners bring 
up plants from the feed to traniplant. 

Almaciga'do, raix'd or ftuck with 
gum maftich. 

Almaciga'r, to flick or mix with 
gum maftich. 

Aljia'da, a town in Pcrtngal, op- 
pQÍite to Lubon on the other (ide of the 
river T-^g!:s, of no great note, but that 
it fends deputies to the cortes. This is 
alio the name of a noble family there, 
v/hofc chief is the earl of /ihr/inchej ; 
the antienteft of them pretend to be 
dcfcendea from iome Enclifli gentle- 
;. tn, 5vhp were at the taking of Liibon 

A L M 

the laft time fiom the Moors, but upon 
what grounds 1 know not. 

Almada'na, a mattock, or ipade, 
or a hoe. Arabick. 

Almade'n, a mine, or vein of me- 
tal. Arabick. 

Almadé'na, a great iron fledge to 
break Hones, or work in a forge, or 
the hkc. Arabick. 

Almadia, a low-built veficl ufed in 
the Indies ; alfo a float of fevcral pieces 
of wood join'd together. Indian. 

Almadra'quü a coarfe quilt, flock- 
bed, or üraw-bed for fervants to he 
down in their cloaths, when they mult 
be ready at call. Arabick. 

Almadra'vas, places on the fouth 
coaft ol Spain, into which the fiihcr- 
men dris"e the tunny-fiñi as it palles a- 
long by the (hore, and there catch 
great quantities. At thcfe places a- 
bundance of the archcft rogues in Spain 
arc bred, and learn all forts of wick- 
ednefs of one another, fo that they 
arc afterwards fit for any villany, and 
often come to the galleys, or gallows. 
It may be compared to our black guard. 

Almadrave'ro, isjiot only a fiih- 
crman of thofe places, but any vile 
fellow that has the education of them. 

Almagaze'n, vid. Almaz.f7l. 

Aljiiage'sto, the title of one of 
Ptolomey'i books, which treats of aftro- 
logy in general. 

Almagra'do, mark'd or colour'd 

Almagradór, one that marks or 
colours red. 

Almagra'r, to mark or colour with 

Alma'gRe, red oaker, or red lead. 

Alma'gro, a town in Cajlile in 
Spain, four leagues from Calalrava, 
and three from Ciudad Real, inhabited 
by 3000 families, belides gentry, has 
but two patifli churches, five monafte- 
ries of men, and four of nuns, and is 
an univerfity, founded ann. 15^1 ; an- 
ticntly called ¡temiHa Germanorimi. The 
Moors gave it this name oi Almagro, 
which llgnifies fower water, becaufe 
of a well of fiich water there is in it. 
It belongs to the knights of Calalrava. 

AiMAGuE R, a town of no great 
note in Cajlile in Spain, belonging to 
the knights oí Santiago. Alfo another 
of the fame name in the province of 
Popayan in South America, 10 leagues 
diftant from the city of the fame name. 

ALnAiA'L,an herb, the aihes where- 
of are uftd with fand for making of 
glafsj and calfd glallwort, or faltwort, 

A L M 

of which Sal alkali is made. In Latin 
fomc call it ritriaria. Sec Kay, hift. 
plant, ill. verb. Kali, where he far- 
ther fays, it grows by the fea-fide. 

Almaiza'l, AJmayzal, or Almaizar, 
a fort of veil, or head-attire, ufed by 
the Moorifli women, made of thin filk, 
fttiped of feveral colours, and fliagged 
at the ends, which hangs down on the 
back. Arabick. Alfo a hair-cloth, 
fuch as they rub horics with, 

Almaizala'do, ot Almayzalado, co- 
ver'd with, or made like fuch a veil. 

Almaiza'r, vid. Almaizal. 

Almala', a town on the moimtain 
Sierra Morena, near the quicklilver-, 

Almala'fa, the fame fort of veil as 
the almaizal, only that is of filk, and 
this of linnen. It is alfo a Moorifli 
fort of upper garment, or veft. Ara- 

Almana'q.ue, an almanack, a ca-^ 
lendar. Arabick. 

ALÍIAN5ÍLLA, a town of 200 houies, 
one pariih church, one hofpital, and 
two chapels, about half a league from 
Olivares in the kingdom of Sevil, and. 
belongs to the earl of Olivares. 

AruAN^ÓR, a Moorifli proper name 
of a man, fignifying never conquer'd, 
or, according to others, defender. 

Alwancóra, a river in the king- 
dom of Granada. 

Alhandara'he, Obf. an harbour or 
road for ihips. Arabick. 

Almara'da, Obf. a packing-needle. 

Almara'x, ObC a bridge. Arabick, 

Alíiara'z, a fmall town in Cajlile, 
fix leagues from Plafencia. 

Alma'rcha, a town in the bi- 
flioprick of Cuenca, in the kingdom of 
Kew Cajiile in Spain. 

Almaria'les, low lands that re- 
ceive all the rain which runs down 
from the hills, and are therefore ge- 
nerally wet. Arabick. 

Al.marie'te, Obf a little cuoboard. 

■ Alma'rio, oí Armario, Obí^ cup- 
board. Arabick. Alio an herb fome 
call nitre. 

Al.marra'ja, a glafs bottle full of 
fmall holes to fprinkle water with. 

Alm^'rtaga, a head-ftall for a 
horfe, or a rein to hold or lead him by 
when the rider alights. Alfo the fcum 
of lead, or litharge ; and a Ibrt of me- 
dicinal herb. Arabick. 

Almarta'xa, the fcum, foam, or 
froth of filver. Arabick. 

Alma'stigAj gum maftich. Ara- 


A L M 

AtMA'TiCA, vid. Dalmática. i 

Almaxia, aMooriih garment. A- 

Almayza'l, vid. Almaizal, 
Almayzor, v'li. Alniaizor. 
Almj^za'v, vid. Almafán. 
Almaze'n, a flore-houic, a ware- 
lioufe, a magazine. From the Arabick 
el and magze», a florc-houfe or maga- 

Almazit! de aguaducho, the conduit- 
head, which fervcs the aqueduil with 

Almazena'do, lay'J up in a ware- 

Almazena'r, to lay up in a ware- 

Alma'ziga, v'ld. Almáciga. 
Alme'a, red iiorax; alio daffadil 
flowers Í alfo a fort of herb whofe 
leaves are like the plantane, but ibme- 
what narrower. 

Almea'r de hem, a hay-loft. Ara- 

Alme'ca, vid. Almeza. 
Alme'ja, the ihell-fifli call'd a 
-mufcle. Arabick. 

Almeje'rOjOhc that gathers or fells 

AL^yL'NA, a b^tlement, of a wall. 

Almena'do, made with battlements. 
Almena'ra, a beacon. Arab. 
Almenara de acdfar, a brais candle- 
flick with feveral focketSj or a brafs 
lamp to hold ieveral wicks^ fuch as 
"sve call a branch. "Arab. 

Al.miiNa'ra, a town in the king- 
dom of Valencia, half a league from the 
fea, and as far from Mcrviidvo, of a- 
bout 200 families, but <5ne parifli 
church, and one monaftery of Domi- 
nicans ; has a ftrong caiile on a riling 
ground, and is an earldom. 

Alme'ndra, an Slmond. From the 
Latin amygdahim. 

Almendras de los Andes, vid. Cocos. 
• Almendras de Chachapoyas, a delicious 
and whokfome fiuit in the Indies. 
They are lefs than thofc they call the 
almonds of the Andes (of which you 
may fee in the word Coco) and bigger 
than thoie of Cajlile. They_ are very 
tender, juicy and nourilhing, oily and 
fweet. They groij' on trees of a vail 
height with great heads, and are in- 
clofed in a prickly husk, thicker ftt 
with pricks than thofe of the. chcftnuts. 
When thefe husks are dry, they open 
cafily to take out the kernels. The 
monkeys, who are great lovers of them. 
To fave hurting themfelves, call them 
from the tops of the trees down upon 
ftoncs, and ib they come at the ker- 

A L M 

neis. F. yof. Acofi. nat. hift. Weft Ind. 
lib. 4. cap. 2.6. p. i6o. 

Almendra'da, milk of fweet al- 
monds, with the fubftance of melon 
and pompion-feeds prcfs'd out into it, 
and then boil'd with a little ibrch 
till it grows to a conliftence. 

Almendra'!, an orchard of almond- 

Almendrale'jo, a town in the 
province of EJlremadura in Spain, four 
leagues from the city Merida, inhabited 
by 900 families under one parilh, but 
has one monaltery, and eleven chapels, 
and feated m a mighty corn country. 

Alme'ndro, an almond-tree. 

Prov. A! eiiméndro y al vtUar.o, e! 
palo en ¡a múno : To deal with the 
almond-tree and with a clown, you 
muft have a ilick in your hand. That 
is, they both require threihing. 

Alhiendrones, candied almonds. 

Almendruco, a green almond. 

Almenilla, a little battlement of 
a wall. 

Alme'nos, at leaft. 

Almería, a city and fea-port on the 
eoail of the MeMtcrr.xnean, and in the 
kingdom of Granada, a league in com- 
pafs, inclofi-d by a ftrong wall, in 
luch a delicious country, that it is 
e\'er green and full of flowers, and 
yields all that man can wi£h, as ex- 
rellent corn, delicious fruit, rich wine, 
and choice oil, bclides plenty of cattle, 
and feveral precious iiones, as ame- 
chills, emeralds, agate, alaballer. A 
great river runs under ground through 
the midft of the city. The inhabitants 
at prefent are not above fix hundred 
families, tho' it was once a populous 
city, befiües a good garriibn, there 
are four parifhes, thi'ee monafteries of 
men, one of nuns, a ftately hoipital, 
and ten chapels. Anticntly call'd Vrci, 
after Amalarla, from Amal.iricus king 
of the Goths, and fince corruptly Alme- 

Almerin, a riv-er in isezu Spain 
near St. John de Viva. 

Almeron, vid. Almiron. 

Alme'te, a helmet. 

Almetoli, or tithcrAlmotoh'a, ObC 
a tin oil-pot. Arabick.- 

Alme'vda, a town of about three 
hundred families in Portugal, not far 
from Cuidad Rodrigo, and two leagues 
from the frontiers of Caftile ; the cou'n- 
: try but indifferently fruitful. The 
Moors gave ic the name ot-Talmayd.J, 
iignifying a table, becaufe feated m a 
plain, and by corruption it is now 
call'd Alméyda. It is alfo the name of 
a family in Portugal, 

A L M 

AlmevrÍn, a town in Portugal, op- 
polite to the city of Saniarem on the o- 
ther fide the river Tagus, of about 500 
houfes, has a palace of the kings, and 
a caiile, one parilli church, and one 
hofpital. The country about it fruit- 

Alme'z, the lote or ncttlc-trcc. 

Al mez, monthly. 
Alme'za, via. Almeja, 
Almezina, the lote-tree, and its 

Almia'r, a hay-reek ; alfo a ilonc 
or heap of earth rifing and ending ¡a 
a point, fcir a boundary or land-mark. 

Almíbar, vid, Almivar. 
Almidón, ílarch. From the Greek 

Almidona'do, ftarched. 
Almidonadora, a flarcher. 
Almidona'r, to flarch. 
ALMiroRA, in cant lignifics a mule. 
ALMifORERo, in the fame Ian--, 
guage, a horic or mule flealer. 

Almilla,' a waiftcoat. From ar- 
miUa, a little piece of armour formerly 
worn by foldiers. Alfo the bridge of 
a fiddle, and a long flip of fleih they 
cut out of fvvine from head to tail» 
counted excellent mei.t. Alfo a little 

Almína, Obf. a tov%-er, or turret. 
Almira'lle, vid. Almirante. 
Almir*a'nta, the vice-admiral fliip 
of a fleet. 

Almira'nte_, an admiral. Proper- 
ly in Spaniih it is the vice-admiral j 
for they call the adnñral, {3eneral. Ic 
is alfo a fort of head-drefs like the Ro- 
man, fj call'd, becaufe invented by an 
admiral's daughter. 

Almirante de Cedilla, the admíralo? 
Ciftih. This honour was hereditary 
in the family of the dukes of Medli^ 
de Riofeco, who forfeited it by being 
in rebellion againfl king Pfoy/i the ifth. 
Almiranta SGO, the court or ad- 
miralty, or the oiEce of an admiral. 
Almire'z, a ir.ortcr of metal. Arab. 
Almiron, white endive. Arab. 
Almisca'do, perfum'd with musk. 
Alaiiscle, musk. From the Ara- 
bick article eland misk, musk. 

Almiscle'ra, a fort ofmoufethaC 
breeds in the water, whole skin finills 
of musk. 

Almi'vaR, fugar boil'd to a con- 
liftence. It was properly meant for 
che ju'ce of fruit thickncd with fugar, 
but us'd as above. Arab. 

ALMivARA'DO,prcftrv'd with fugar. 

G Almiva- 

A L M 

Almivara'rj to prcfcrvc with fu- 

Almixa'r, the place where figs arc 
dry'd to keep. Arab. 

ALMi's<i\]t, vid. Jtlmifcli. 

Al.misciul'ra, a bo.\ or place to 
keep muik. 

A', kind, nourifliiiig. 

Almo pitdrf, a toAcr-fathcr. 

ALMoyv'n.A, as much as a mancan 
grafp with both hands. 

Al.mocadc'n'j a captain of foot. 
Frcm the Arabick catie'n, to go before, 
and the common article al. 

AL.M0(;A'rRi;, a dib to ftc herbs 
with. Arab. 

Al.mocre'be, or Almocré've, a car- 
tier, or mule-driver. Arab. 

Almodova'k DHL Ca'mfo, a town 
in Ctjhlt; fix kaguesfrom C/W<jrfilf.i/j 
on the foot of the mountain Sierra 
McreH.r, in a rich plain, with a llrong 
caftle, 800 houfts, one parifh church, 
and one monailcry of Carmelites. 
There arc lilvcr mines near it. The 
name ¿\rabick, and lignifies a round 

Ai.modova'r del RÍO3 a town in 
the kingdom of CcrHotia, and four 
leagues from that city, upon the banks 
of tiie river Gnadalquiiir. 

Al.modovv'r del Pina'r, another 
fniall town in Ctjlik, of which I find 
aio further account. 

Ai.MODRÓTr, a fort of fauce made 
of garlick, checie, and other ingredi- 
ents. Arab. 

AL.MOSA'iA,forraer]y one of the gates 
cf the city Tokiio was fo called, but 
which of them is not known novi'. 
See M¿ir:4 na, lib. 11. 

Almofa'r, fome covering for the 
head, whether cap, hood, or veil, 
Ccvarridias fays he could never find 
ov!t.. Some, he fays, will have it to be 
part cf the breaft-plate, 
Alíiofé'x, vid. Almofrls. 
Almofía, a balbn. Arab. 
Almoírt/z, or A!ff!ofrmc, a bag 
wade like a pillow, properly a cafe to 
carry a travelling bed in. Arabick. 

Almogava'res, Covarrtibias fays, 
they are the ibldiers, who. being unfit 
to march with the army, arc kept in 
garrilbn. Others fay, they are light- 
horfe. Arab. 

Aisioha'íjA, a curry-comb, Ara- 

Al.moha^a'do, .curried. 
Almoha^a'r, to curry. 
Aemoiiací'n, a Moorilh proper 
xMune of a man, and figniiies the good. 
Aljioha'd», a pillow, or a cufliion ; 
alio the flo;4;s at ihe.coraer of abuJlJ- 

A L M 

ing, which jut out beyond the reft of 
the wall. Arab. 

Citijiiltar ion el almohada, to confult 
one's pillow, to lleep upon a bufinels. 
. Prov. A la Lucna píntate con ella, y 
a la mala pdnie la almohada : Keep 
company with a good \yoman, and 
fct a cufliion for a bad one. That is, 
keep her to work, that file may not 
be bad ; for in Spain the women fit at 
their work upon cufllions, 

Almohadula, a little pillow or 
cufliion women in Spain ufe to work 
on ; alfo fwellings on the mules fides 
under the faddle. Arab. 

Al.moharrik, a town in the pro- 
vince oí Ejiremadura in Spain, feven 
leagues from the city Merida, inha- 
bited by 500 families, has a good ca- 
ftle, one parifh church, and five cha- 
pels, the foil very rich. It was built 
by Almoharin, a Moor, who gave it 
his name. 

Aljmoha'za, Almohazar, vid. Almo- 
háca, Almchacár. 

Alimohíno íJgnifieSj to the fretful 
man, fttting one another on to vex or 
fret another ; among knaves, to cheat 
him. They are two words. 

Almojariia'zgo, vii. Almoxarj- 

Al.mojarife, vid. Almofaxarífe. 
Almojate'r, fal armoniack. Ara- 

Almoja'rra, a fort of earthen 
pitcher with a great belly, and four 
or more handles; in other parts call- 
ed Alcarrafa. Arab, 

Alsiojava'na, a fort of cheefe- 
cake. Arabick. 

Alíionazí de Zurita, a town in 
the kingdom of Valencia, between Al- 
"jalate and Zurda. The name Arabicic, 
lignifies forgetfulnefs, becaufe the Moors 
kept thcfe that were prifbners for life 
there, and therefore feem'd to be for- 
gotten ; or elfe becaufe the rich wine 
of the place makes people fo'rget them- 

Alíione'da, a publiek fale, an out- 
cry. Arabick. 

Prov. £w d almoneda, ten la barha 
queda : At a fale keep your beard or 
your chin flill. That is, let not your 
beard wag too fail in bidding, left you 
over-bid, and repent. 

Almoned£a'r, to have to do in 

Almón TE, a village ínrAndaluzia in 
Spain. . 

Almoradux, the herb fweet-mar- 
jorum. Arab. . 

A L M 

Almoravídes, a nation of Moors» 
near mount Atlat in Africk, who once 
poilefs'd thcmfelves of the kingdom of 
Fez, and carried their conquelts into 

Almoróx, a town in Cajlile a league 
from m'caiona, has about three hundred 
houfes, one paril^ church and fix cha- 
pels, in a rich foil. 

Almorrana'po, one that has the 

Al.morra'nas, the piles or hemor- 
rhoids. From the Greek aimcrrois. 

Almorr/in/ts con fih.gre, the bloody 
piles or liemorrhoids. 

Almorránai Jin fangre, the dry piles. 

Ahijorri'mas con rej'quebrajadiira, the 
fiftula in ano. 

Ahaoir/mas de los Sodomitas, the 
pocky piles got by Sodomy. 

Aljiorranie'nto, one that has the 

Almorza'r, to breakfaft. 

Alimotace'n,' a clerk of the mar- 
ket, he is to fee that none but good 
provilions be fold. Alio an ofiicer to 
fee the fireets kept clean. Arabick. 

Almotacena'zgo, the otfice of the 
clerk of the market, or of the otficar • 
that is to fee the flreets kept clean. 


Aljiotale'f e, an officer, where 
there are illk-works, to view them, 
and put leals to the lilks before they 
are fold. 

Almoxarifa'sgo, cuftora or duty 
upon commodities, and the office of a 

AlmoxarIfe, a receiver of cuiloras 
for commodities imported or exported. 
The word Arabick, fignifying the re- 
ceiver of the king's duty. Formerly 
the treafurers were ib call'd, as may 
be feen in antient hiftories. Arab. 

AlmÚcio, a certain ornament of 
furs, worn by canons of churches. 

Almud, a meafure of half a buihel. 

Almuda'da, as much land as half a 
buihel of wheat will fow. * ^ 

ALMt/DEVA'R, a town in the king- 
.lom oí Aragón in Spain, has about zoo 
houfl's, one parilh church, and fends- 
deputies to the cortes. The foil about 
it rich, and yielding falfron. The RO'^ 
mans call'd it Burttna^ the Moors the 

prefent name. 

Alí.iudÍ, the cuílom-houíe at Vale»^ 
cia, where all the corn is fold. So 
called from the meafure almi'td. 

Almueda'no, Obf. a cryer. Ara- 
Alimora'jis, armour for. the thighs. \ Aljiue'r^a, as much as a man can 
Arabick. . • . take up or gralp with both his hands. 

' " ■ ~ Aiwui'ji^Oj- 


Almuc'r^O, or Almuerzo, a brcak- 


Almuni'^ar, a city and fafe har- 
bour on the coalt oí A7idaluZ.ia,i\.von'2^- 
IV vvall'd, with a gooa calik-, and a 
rich coiunry about, producing, bclides 
other things, a conlulurable quantity of 
fiigar. The inhabitants arc not abo\^e 
250 families, with one parilu church, 
and one monallery of friars. The 
name Arabick, and lignifies the mari<et 
where they fell raiUns. 

Almutaca'f£, an officer that has 
the care of inípcíling meafures, Ara- 

A L N 

A'l n a, an ell. Lat. ulna, 

Alna'do, a ion in-law ; that is, a 
man's wife's ion by another husband, 
or the husband's by another v.\k. 

Alna'íe, a clofc furnace to put fire 
in, and a pot over. Arab. 

Alobada'do, cattle that has been 
bit by wolves. 

Aloca'do, freakini, maddifli. 

Aloe', vid. Azibar. 

Aloga'do, Obf. let out to hire, or 

AlogadÓRj Obf, one that lets out 
koufcs or lands to hire. 

Aloga'r, Obf. to let out to hire, 
or to hire. 

Aloja, methegliiij or mead. Ara- 

Aloja'do, lodged, quarter'd. 

Alojador, one that lodges, a har- 
tinger, a quarter-mafler. 

Alojamie'nto, lodging, quarters. 

Aloja'rj to lodge or quarter. From 
locare, to place. 

A LO MAS, at moft. 

A LO «ie'nos, at leafl. 

Alón, a wing. 

Alondra, a lark ; Neíricenjis fays, 
a nightingale. 

Alondroa'l, \iA. Alandroal. 

Alonga'do, prolonged, protraited, 
ilretch'd out in length, 
f Al?»ngamie'nto, a prolonoincr, 
protrading, or flretching out. 

Alon-ga'r, Prsf. roAhiingo, Pra.'t. 
Alongué, Obf. to prolong, to protrafl, 
to flretch out. Lat. hngus, long. 

Alonjoli', v\¿. AjovjoU. 

Alonso, vid. Alfónfo. 

Alopia'do, drowzy, fleepy, or 
mix'd with opium, whence the word. 

ALoci.ur,a pale wnie between white 
and red. From the Arabick hahane, 
to mix. 

Alora, a town in the province of 
ArídaliizU in Spain, formerly call'd 

A L Q. 

Alosa, the fifli called a fliad. 

Aloxa, vid. Aloja. 

Aloxa DO, .Ahxar, vid! Aljado, 

Alozna', Obf. wormwood, Arab. 

Alosna marina, worm-iced. 

Alparga'te, a fort of iliooe or 
buskin made of pacTcthrcad, and fomc- 
times of ruilies, ufed by the Moors, and 
formerly by the poor mountain people 
in Spain. 

Alpargata'do, one fhod with 
fuch buskins. 

Alpargata'zo, a ftroke with an 

Alpargate'rOj one that makesor 
fells alpargates. 

Alpeche'm, or Alpechin, the dregs 
or lees of oil. Arab. 

A'l PES, the Alps, that long ridge of 
mountains which divides Italy from 
France and Germany. 

Alpha ee'tico, alphaTjctical, in 
order of the alphabet. 

Alphabe'to, the alphabet. 

AlpicÓces, cucumbers, an Arabick 
word ufed in the kingdom of Murcia, 

Al pie', at the foot. 

Alpié de cien hómhres, about an hun- 
dred men. 

Alpié de la letra, exaítly, to a tittle. 

Alpíno, of or belonging to the Alps. 

AlpÍste, an herb call'd fox-tail; 
alio canary feed, inch as birds eat. 

Alpi'vre, an herb call'd biiliops- 

Al pone'r rvEL SOL, at fun-fet- 
ting. . 

Al prese'nte, at prefent. 

Al princi'pio, atfiril, in the be- 

■ Alpue'nte, a toivn in the king- 
dom oí Valencia in Spain, of about 160 
houfts, in a rich country. The name 
iignifies Altopf.ér.te, that is, high bridge ; 
becaufe of fome great aquedudscarry'd 
on arches near it. 

Alpvxa'rras, a great mountain in 
the kingdom of Granada in Spain, fe- 
venteen leagues in length, and twelve 
in breadth, very difficult of accefs, yet 
extraordinary fruitful. 
A L Q. 

Alq.uaq,ue'ngi, ov tithet Alkakcn- 
g!, cockle. Arab. 

Alq.uemi'sta, vid. Alqtiimijla. 

Alc¡.ueri'a, a fmall town of little 
note in the province oi Andah^-J.i in 
Spain. Properly a farm or country- 
houfc. ArabicTc. 

Alq.ue'rme, the grains of the fcar- 
Icc oak, of excellent ufe in phyfick ; 

A L Q 

alfo the compofition made of them with 
fugar, powder of rofes, coral, pearl, 
and other, ingredients. Arab. 

A L QU t'u du E, the game of d raughts. 

AlquetIfa, vid. Alcatifa. 

Alcíuetiza, idem. 

Alcí.ue'2, a large mcafurc contaiix- 
ingabout eighty gallons. 

Alcí.ue2a'i'., a town in the king- 
dom oí Air'agni in Spain, five leagues 
from lUiefca, of 1^0 houfes, one parifli, 
and a llrong cafllc, the country plen- 

■Alquice'l, or Alquicer Mori feo, a 
Mooriih mantle or covering. Arabick. 

Alquiladizo, that may be hired. 

Alquila'do, hired, or let to hir'c. 

ALQ.UILADOR, one that hires, or 
lets out to hire. 

Alcíuila'r, to hire, or let out to 

Alquile'r, hire. Arabick. 

Alquimia, alchymy, or the art of 
chymillry. Arab. 

Prov. Alquimia prohttda, tener rhla.^ 
y no gafii'ir nada : It is a try'd alchy- 
my, to have an eftate, and to ipenJ 
nothing. That is, it is the true philo- 
ibphcr's ftone, if you have a good re- 
venue, to ipend none of it ; for then 
you will be fure to be rich, which is 
the end of fccking the philoibpher's 
ilone, and this the true method. 

Alquimilla, the herb ladys-man- 
tlc, excellent for .wounds, hot, dry, 
and aflringent, flops bleeding ; the 
leaves, tops, and roots ufed in vulne- 
rary potions, powders, plaillers, and 

ALQ.UIMÍSTA, achymill. 

Prov. Alquimifla certero, del hierra 
péifú hazér oro, y hizo del oro hiirroT 
A never-failing chymift, he thought to 
turn iron into gold, and turn'd the 
gold into iron. A jcar upon all chy- 
mifls, who thinking to make gold of 
bafc metals, turn a great deal of money 
that is gojd and iilver into drois and 

Alq.uina'l Morisco, . a ibrt of 
Moorifli handkerchief. Arab. 

Alq.uita'ra, a limbeck. Arab. 

Alquitira, gum dragacanth. A- 

•A LQ.U I TR a'n, naptha, a liquid 
fubflance flowing out of the earth in 
ibme places like melted pitch, and 
therefore ibmetimes improperly taken 
for pitch, and burns fo fierce, that it 
is unquenchable. Arab, in ibme pla- 
ces they ufe it about fliips inllcad of 
pitch and tar. 

G I 



ALq.«"TRANA'Do, daubcd wi:h 

Alq.uitrana'r, to daub with al- 

Alquitra've, viil. Architrave, 
A L R 

Al RLDtBÓR, round about. 

Al rur DLL aIya, at the dawn 
of the day. 

Al rive's, the wrong way. 

Al rompe'r el a'lva," the fame 
as al reír del alva. 

A L S 

Alsíne, the herb chick-weed. 

A'lta, in cant is a tower, or a 

La iUta, an old Spaniili dance. • 

Altaba'q.ue, a great basket, a 
hamper or pannier. 

Alta.merók, in cant is a thief that 
gets in at the tops of houfcs to rob. 

Altamira, a town and earldom in 
¡Spain, belonging to the niajquis of 
Almacán of the houfc of Mofcofo, the 
title given to his cldcft fon. 

Altamisa, \iá. Artenn'fa. 

Alta'na, in cant a church. 

Altana'do, in cant is married. 

Altanería, the fport of hawking. 

Altane'ra, a hawk, or any bird 
that fbars high ; thence any conceited 
or high-flying peribu. From alio, 

Alta'c^uxj a wicker basket. Ara- 

Alta'r, an altar. 

Prov. ¡¿¿lien fi'rve al íiliár, ha do 
vivir del altar : He that ferves the al- 
tar muft live by the akar. Every man 
muft live by his profclfion. Or, as 
the fcripture fays. The labourer is wor- 
thy of his hire. 

Altave LA, a fmall ifland on the 
ibuth fide of Hifpanioia in America. 

Alte'a, a town in the kingdom of 
7aler¡cta in Spain, on the coalt of the i 
Mediterraneav, four leagues from Ali- 
cant, inhabited by Soo families, the | 
country about it very rich. • 

Altl'r i}o Cha'o, a town in Pcr- 
itigal, four leagues from Pcrtaligre, in 
a, fruitful plain, whence it takes name, 
being antiently called £//(»•/, which by 
■cprruption came to Alter, and they 
added da Óáf, that is, of the plain. 
It is w-Tli'd, contains about 700 fami- 
lies, one parifh church, one monañery 
of Francifcans, houfe of Mifericordia, 
o^ie hofpital, and nine chapéis. 

Alter.v'ble, alterable, changeable, 

Alteración,. alteratioHj change ; ' 
ajfi paiTjcn, or an gen , I 

A L V 

Altera'do, altered, changed ; al- 
io troubled, or' angry ; alio thirfty. 

Alterador, one thít often alters 
or changes, 

Altera'r, to alter, to change, to 
provoke to anger. 

Alterar la gente, to ftir up the peo- 
ple to commit any dilbrdcr. 

Alterca'do, difputed, bandy[d, 
quarreU'd about. 

Altercador, a wrangling fellow. 

Alterca'r, Pra:f. To Merco, Pra;t. 
Alterqué, to wrangle, to difpute, to 
contend, to debate, Lat. altercar. 

Alternación, ading alternative- 
ly, or by turns. 

Alterna'do, done alternatively or 
by turns. 

Alternador, one that does things 
by turns. 

Alterna'r, to ad alternatively, or 
by turns. From the Lat. aUerrio. 

Alternativo, alternative. 

AlterclUe', vid. Allcrcár. 

Alte'za, highnels, lofcineis ; the 
title of highnels given to princes. 

Altivajie'nte, loftily, proudly. 

Altib.\'xo, a downright ilroke. 

Altiba xos, uneven places, up and 
down hill ; thence the uneven carriage 
of a man. 

Altillo, a little hill. 

Altive'z, pride, haughtinels. 

Altivo, proud, lofty. 

A'lto, high, lofty, tal!, profound; 
a ftory of a houfe ; the alt in mulick. 
Lat. altus, 

Hazcr alta, to halt in a march. 

Pajfójele por alto, he took no notice 
of it. 

A'lto de ai'f be gone. 

cafa de tres altos, a houfe three flo- 
ries high. 

Brocado de tres altos, the richeft 

A'lta mar, the deep fea, far out at 

El alto de vélex,, a flight, ícamper- 
ing. It is a cant word, but whence 
derived Í do not find. 

Altoza'no, alinallhilj. 

Altramuz, a lupin or kidney-bean. 

Al tra'ves, a croC 

Dar al tra'ves, to run aground, to 
be ihipwrecked. 

Altura, height, altitude, and tall- 
ncfs ; alfo .the latitude of a place. 

A'lva, vid. A'lha. 

A'lva de Tormes, a town in the 
kingdom of ico» in Spain, four leagues 
from Salam/mca, 'u'pon the banks of 
the river Tormes, from which jt takes 

A L V 

name. It contains about 300 houíésj, 
befides gentry, nine pariih churches, 
two monafleries of men, and three of 
nuns. It was firft erected into an earl- 
dom by king ^oi'» the fecond ofCaJlile^ 
in the year 1459, and afterwards into 
a dukedom by king He^iry the fourth, 
a». 1469, or 1470. The firft earl was 
D. Ferdinand Alvarez de Toledo, and 
the firft duke his Ion D. Garcia Alvarez, 
de Toledo, The family is very antient, 
and has produced great men for many 
years before they had thefe titles con- 
ferr'd on them. 

A'lva de Liste, a finall town in 
Cajlile, remarkable for nothing but be- 
ing an earldom, which is in the family 
of He7iriquez, a branch of that of the 
admiral oi Cajlile, duke o£ Medina de 
Rio feco, who bears the fame name, 
bcmg both defcended from a baftard 
fon of king Alonfi the eleventh oí Ca- 

Alvace'a, v'li. Albacéa. 

Alvaha'ca, vid. Albaháca. 

Alvahaq.ue'ro, vid. Albahaquéro. 

Alvahaqui'lla, \\á. Albahaquílla. 

Alvala', vid, Albalá. 

Alva'nches, a town in the pro- 
vince of Andalnzia in Spain, of 1^0 
houfcs, one pariih church, and two 
chapels of cafe. It belongs to the 
knights of Santiago, or S. yamei the 

Alvane'ga,. a fort of coif or net 
to hold womens hair. Arabick. 

Alvaña'r, vid. Albaiiár, 

Alvañi'l, a mafon, a bricklayer» 

Alvañileri'a, bricklayers or ma- 
Ibns wofk. , 

Alva'r, that which is foon ripe ; 
alfo very white. 

Alvara'do Ri'o, a river in the 
province of Guaxaca, of the kingdom 
of Neiv Spain in Korth America. 

Alvara'zas, morphew on the skin ; 
alfo a difeafe among cattle. Arabick. 

Alvarcócal, an apricot trei^ 

ALVARCOQ.UE, an apricot. * 

Alva'rda, vid. Albarda. 
' Alvardadór, vid. Albardádór, 

Alvarda'n, a fool, a fot. 

Alvarda'r, vid. AJbardár, 

Alvarde'ro, vid. Albardéro. 

Alvardi'lla, vid. Albardilla, 

Alvardi'n, vid. Albardin. 

AlvardÓn, vid. Albardon. 

Alvare'ngas, the furname of a 
tiood 'family in Tortngal. 

■ A'lvarez de Toledo y Monray, the 
furname. of a noble family in Spahiy 
whereof the earl of Oropifa is chief. 

AiVARiNo, a dun fwarthy colour! 



AlvARjÓNj a fort of great vetch. 

A'lv AROj the proper name of a man, 

only ufed in Spain ; for ihortnefs they 
fomctimes call i: Ah.Jr. From it comes 
the fiirname Alvarez. It is Goihick. 
Alvarra'dAj vid. Albarriida. 
Alvarra'n, vid. Ajbanaii. 
Alvarrani'a, vid. Albarranía. 
Alvatóc A, a fort of boat. Arabick. 
.Ai-vayalda'do, painted, or daub- 
ed with cerufe, whitened. 

Alvayalda'rj to whiten, "paint, 
daub with cerufe. 

Alvaya'lde, cerufe. Arabick. 
Alucinado, blind in underftand- 
ing, erroneous. 

AluCina'r, to be blind in under- 
flanding, to err, to mittake. Myjlica 
Ciudad de Dios, vol. i. p. 515. 

Aluda, an ant that has got wings. 
Aludo, wing'd, that has wings. 
From úla, a wing. 

Aíudi'r, to allude. Lat. alindo. 
Alvedra'r, to give judgment. Obf. 
Alvedri'o, the free will. Corrupt 
from .the Lat. arbitrium. 

Alve'lda, a town in Cajlile in 
Spain, two leagues from Logroño, call'd 
firft Alvayda, which iignifies white 
houfe, and by corruption Alve'lda. 

Alve'los, the furname of a good 
family in Portugal. 

Alvende'ra, a gofliping, rambling 
woman. Arab. 

Aiue'ngo, Alongui, vid. Alongar. 
Al\'e'rca, a pool or pond. Arab. 
Alve'rchigo, an apricot. Arab. 
Alve'rgado, lodg'd, entertain'd. 
Alverga'r, to lodge, to houfe. 
Alve'rgue, a lodging, a Jilace of 
entertainment." Arab. 
Alvergueri'a, idem. 
Alvergue'rO, Obf. an inn-keeper. 
Alverja'na, vid. Alber'jána. 
Alve'rja, vid. Arveja. 
Alve'ytar, vid. AÍbéytar. 
Alveiteri'a, vid. AÍbeiteria. 
_ AIjVi'llo, or Alvíilas, a fort of large 
"^ard grapes. 

Alvi'n, vid. Albín. 
Alvi'na, vid. Albina. 
Al vi'vo, to the life. 
Alumbra'do, lighted; alfo a íbrt 
of hereticks in former times in Spain. 
who pretended to a particular light, 
like the quakers; alio done with al- 
■ ]um. 

Alumbrador, one that lights; or 
one that dreifes with ailum. 

Alumbra'r, to light, or to drefs 
•with allum. In the^'firfl fenfe from 
lumbre, liglit or fixe ; ill the ktter from 
ahimbrej allum. 

A L Z 

Alumbrar una fer/ona, is either to 
light a man, or to inform hjs judg- 

Dios te alumbre con bien, God give 
you a happy hour, God fend you a fafc 
delivery. A prayer for women with 

AióiiBRE, allum. Lat. alumen. 

Alumi'xa, la\?ender. Arab. 

Alumno, a fofter-child, one that is 
bred up under thofe that are not his 
parents, or he. that breeds fuch a child. 
Lat. alumnus. 

Aluna'do, lunatick. 

Alunamie'nto, the madncfs that 
comes at the full of the moon. 

Aluna'rse, to become lunatick, to 
run mad. From hoia, the moon. 

A'lvo, white. Lat. albus. 

Alvogue, vid. Albogue. 

Alvogul'ro, vid. Albo^uéro, 

Alvóndigas, vid. Albóndigas, 

Alvór, w'id. Albor. 

Alvora'da, vid. Alborada. 

Alvorbolea'r, vid. Alborbokár. 

Alvornoz, vid. Albornoz.. 

AlyorÓ(^o, vid. Aiborofo. 

Alvorota'r, vid. Alborotar. 

Alvoroto, vid. Alboroto. 

Aluq.ue'te, fonietimes ta'.cen for a 
match to light fire with, but generally 
for a zeft, that is, a round thin bit of 
orange-peel, which fome fcjueeze into 
drink, and rub the edges of the glais 
or cup with. Arabick. 

Alusión, an alliiiion. Lat. 

Alutacion, fo the miners call the 
firft gold found in -the mines, about 
four foot deep. 

AlvÚra, vid. Albura. 

Alvurl'jo, vid. Alburéjo.- 

Aluze'ma, vid. Alhucema, 

Aluzia'do, made fmooth, plain, 
bright, or glolfy. 

Aluzia'r, to make fmooth, plain, 
bright or glolTy. 

Aluzina'^, to guefs at uncertain- 
ties, as one fees betwixt light and 
darknefs. From the Lat. h.iUucinor. 
A word little ufed but by poetical 

A L X 

Alx-a'va, \\d.Al]ava, 

A'lxo, a firing of beads. Arabick. 

A L Z 

Alza'do, Vid. jileado.. ■ 

Alza'r, vid. Al¡ar. 

Alzira, a town in the kingdom of 
Valencia in Spain, betv/cen the city cf 
Valencia and Xativa y ib called by cor- 
ruption from the Moors, wha named it 
el Gezire, that is, t!»e illand, becaufs 
it Í5 all enccmpaiieii with water. 


A'ma, a miítreís, not of fcholars, 
but of ftrvants, for flic that teaches 
children is call'd maéfirA. Alfo a nurfei- 

Prov. A'ma, fays ama, mientras el ' 
niño mama : Nurfe, you aré millrcfs 
while the child fucks. Applied to thofo 
who continue their friendlhip no lon- 
ger than they have a dependance. Be- 
caufe a good nurfe is valued as long as 
the chilli fucks, and, as foon as wean- 
ed, turn'd off. 

Prov. JEtitretánto que cría amamos ' 
el ama: Whilft ílie gives fuck, we 
love the nurfe. This is the fame as 
that above. 

Prov. A'ma con amigo, ni la tingas, 
ni la des a iu vezho : Neither do you 
keep, nor recommend to your neigh- 
bour a nurfe that has a gallant. Be- 
cauíé if ilie ihould prove with childj , 
her milk is not good.'ble, lovely, amiable. 
Amableme'nte, lovingly, amiably. - 
Ama'cji, a hammock, fuch as they 
ufe in the /wAw, and aboard iLips, be- • 
ing a hanging bed, the name Indian», - 

Ama^aga'tos, vid. Maz-igátos. 
. Amace'nas, a fort of large plumbs. 
Amadizitos, little favourite lap- 
dogs ; alio the niceil fort of fops ci." 

Ama'do, beloved, 
A.MADÓR, a lover. 
Aa'.adriga'do, exper", dextrctis ; 
alfo ufed to a place, or long habituated 
in it. 

A-maestra'do, taught,, inftrufkd, 
Amaestra'r, to teach, to inftruft. 
From maéjlro, a mafter. 

Amaga'do, offer'd at with a blow, 

AiiAGADOR, one that offers to flrike. 

Amaga'r, Pr.xf. To amago, Prst. 

amagur, to make an offer, or lift up 

the hand, as if one were going to 


Amain.\'do, that has ftruck iail, or 
taken in its fails. 

Ahaina'r, to firikc fail," to take in 
the fails. 

A.mama'r, vid. Mamúi-, ■ 
- Amamantamiento, giving- íúckj 

Amamanta'do, fucklcd, 
Amamanta'r, to 'fuck'le, to give.- 
fuck. From tlie Latin mamma^ a . 
breaft. • • 

Ama'na, or AmaguAna, one of tlia 
Lucayan iflands in America ; alfo a ri- 
ver in the province oíGuayana in tlie 
We^ Indies. 

Amanceea'da, a miilrefs that ¡-i 
kept by a man, a lewd v/oman. 

. Am.4NCIBa'd« ~ 

A íM a 

A.mancsba'do, one thac keeps a 
milircfs, a whoremafkr. 

Ama NCI BAR, to follow wlioring. 
Amandijil'cha, on the right hand. 
Aman/cl R, to grow day. From 
the Latin mane, the uiornini;. 
AmanicidOj the day broken.'do, handy, dextrous indu- 
ing biilincis. 

A\iaí7a'r, to be hnnJy, oí make 
handy or dextrous at any tiling. From 
THii'tj, handinefi.'oja'do, ty'd up in bunches. 
Amanoja'r, to tie or make up in 
bunches or parcels. From manojo^ a 

Amansa DO, tam'dj pacifyM, qucll'd. 
Amansador, one that tames, paci- 
fies, .or quells.'n'to, taming, pacify- 
ing, or quelling. 

Amansa'r, to tame, pacijfy, or quell. 
From matifo, tame.'nti:, a lover. 
A.mantílla'r, to top the lifts, as 
the feamcn call it ; that is, to make 
the arms cf the yards hang higher or 
lower, as they think fit. 

Amantillos, the lifts; fo the fea- 
mcn call certain ropes which belong to 
the yard-arms, and ferve to top them ;• 
that is, to make them hang higher, or 
lower, or even, as they pkafe. 

Aman'ue'nse, an amanuenfis, one 
that writes for another. 

Amanzilla'do, moved to compaf- 
fion ; alio pitied or lamented ; alfo 

AfiANziLLADoR, one that moves 
CompalTion, or that fpots and defiles. 

Amakzilla'r, to move compaííion ; 
alfo to fpot or defile. From manziUa, 
conipalfion, or a Ipot or ftain. 

Amapa'ya, a territory in the pro- 
vince of Kevi j5}ida.'ui..'a in ¿suth Ame- 

Amapola, a poppy. 
Ama'r, to love. From the Latin 

Prov. ^lién feo ama, herniofo le- 
parece : They that love an ugly thing, 
think it beautiful. Love is b'lind, and 
fees no faults. 

Prov. jimár y f.iber, mpiiéde todo fir : 
To love and be wife cannot be at once. 
Becaijfe love takes away the dilcerning 
faculty, and' makes a roan commit ma- 
ny abfurdities. 

rrcv. ^¡¡r'n bien ama tñrde ohída : 
True love is fcarce forgot. 

A.maraña'do, vid. Enmaraütído. 
A>aRaña'r, vid. Enmarañar. 
A.M.íEA'NTt, a town in Portugal, 
fix Itzgues .£"om Guinmraens, oa che 

A M A 

A M B 

banks of the river Tamagtt, has about 
500 houies, two monaiteries, one ho- 
fpital, and fends depiitits to the cortes. 
The country about it is indiñcrent 

Amaua NTo, a plant bearing a 
flower which when gacher'd contnuics 
long before it withers, whence it has 
its namei fignifying in the Greek, that 
docs not perilh or fade. It is known 
in Englilli by the name of amaraU, 
and alto f.o'wer gentle, whereof there 
are fcveral Ibrts ; as the purple, the 
crefted velvet, the carnation, the 
«•hite, the floramour, or fpotted flower 
gentle, the perennial fpik'd flower 
gentle of Sicily. Ray hift. plant. 

. Amarga'^a, the herb pellitory of 
the wall. 

Amargalji'jas, a ibrt of plumbs 
that have a hajih talle. 
AMARGAME'NTt, bitterly. 
Amarga'r, Prif. To am/trgo, Pra:t. 
amargué, to tafle bitter, to be unplea- 
fant. From the Latin amarum. 

Ama'rgo, bitter, any thing that is 

Amarguillo, bitterifh, or a little 

Amargura, bitternefi ; met. Ibr- 

Amarillea'r, to turn yellow, pale, 
or wan 

Amarille'jo, yello%vifli. 
Amarille'z, yellownefs, palenefs, 

Amaríllo, yellow; alfo pale and 

Ama'ro, the herb St. John's wort. 
By poetical writers ufed for bitter, 
from the Latin amantm. 

Ama'rra, a cable, cord, or rope to 
make any thing fafl. 

Amarra'do, made faft, anchor'd. 
Amarrar, to make fall, to anchor. 
This word us'd by feamen, as ours do 
the word to lap, thac is, to tie or make 

Amarrar el navio [urgente y znaréa ; 
to moor a íhip, as the feamen call it, 
that is, either to moor alongfl, which 
is, to lay one anchor a-head, and the 
other a-ftern in the middle of the 
ftream ; or to moor a-thwart, which 
is to lay one anchor on one fide of 
the river, and another on the other, 
that both cables may bear together. 
There is a third mooring call'd water- 
ihot, which is neither crofs the tide 
nor alongft it, but between both. 
Amar'taga, the litharge of metals. 
Amartelado, fallen in love, fmit- 
ten with a beauty 

Amartela'rse, to fall in love. 
Amartillado, hámmer'd. 
Amajitilla'r, to hammer, Froifl 
martülo, a hammer. 

Amassadl'ra, a tub or trough to 
knead dough in ; or a woman that 
kneads or makes bread, a baker- 

A.massa'do, kneaded as dough is. 
Amassador, one that kneads bread, 
or any fuch thing. 

Amassadúra, kneading of bread." 
Amassa'r, to knead, to make bread. 
Amassi'jo, a veiiel to knead or 
iliake bread in. 

Amata'do, vid. Matado. 
Amata'r, vid. Matar. 
Amati'sta, the precious floue call'd 
an amethyft. 

Ametime', a river in the province 
of Soccniifio in Korth America. 

Ama'ya, a town in Cajlite, four 
leagues from AgitUÁr del O'impo, cf a- 
bout 150'houfes; antiently a great 
city, and call'd Aregia, or Varegia. 
There is alio a finall town of the 
fame name in Portugal, famous for no- 
thing but its red cups made there to 
drink water, which yet are of the 
v\orfe fort, the beft being thofe of 
EJlremoz. This is alio the name of a 
family in Portugal. 

Amayna'do, that has flruck fail, or 
lowcr'd the fails. 

A.mayna'r, to ftrike fail, to lower 
the fails. 

Aniaynar el tiempo, is for the wea-. 
cher to clear up. 

Amazóga'tos, vid. Mazagatos. 
■ Amazona, an Amazon, a mafculine 

Amazonas Rio, the river of the Ama- 
zons, one.of the biggeft in the world. . 
It is in the South America, and rifes 
near §¿<ito, a city of the kingdom of 
Peru, thence runs to the eaft, and be- 
ing increas'd by the addition of many 
others falling into it, takes a courfe of 
1100 leagues, after which it falls into 
the north ocean, between jBr<?i;ikandc 
Guiana. Some call it the river of 
Orellana, becaufe one Orellana a Spa- 
niard made a great difcovery on it. 

A M B 
' Amea'r, Ambargris, ambergrife, 
the wholibmeft and mofl delicious of 
all perfumes, but what it is, is not yet 
known, lome affirming it to be the 
fperm -of the whale, others the dung 
of feme creature in the lea, or the 
foaiii condens'd ; and others, that it 
flows from ibme lource in the lea ; and 
I other?, that it grows in the lea as the 

Amartílamie'ísTO, falling in hve.' fungi do on ftones or trees, and is caft 

i up 

A M B 

cp by the iea in ilormy weather. The 
beft amber is that which is light, and 
of a clear grey or aili- colour, and the 
blacker the worle it is. The rich 
Woors and Indians ufe much amber, 
and the Chineres much more, efteeming 
it good for the brain and llomach, and 
as a' provocative. It is hot and dry 
in the ftcond degree. It ñrengthens 
the brain and heart, comforts weak 
limbs, fliarpens the underltanding, en- 
livens the fenfes, reftorcs the memory, 
removes melancholy and obftniitious 
■in the matrix, is good againl): the pal- 
fy, falling-licknefs, and convulfions, 
correds infeitious air, and very much 
helps old people, and thofe that are of 
cold conilicutions, Chf¡¡. Acojl, nat. 
hilt.£ I,id. 

Ambár is alio the yellow ambeij of 
which we have beads and other curio- 

A'mbares, the fruit of a large tree 
in India, with long narrow leaves, 
which are of a light pleafant green, 
and full of veins, that make ifbeaud- 
ful. .The flower or bloHom is white 
and fmall, the fruit as big as a green 
TvaJnut, the colour a lighter green, 
and the cafte harfli ; but when ripe it 
turns yellow, has a better fmell, and 
the tafte is a pleafant tartnefs. The 
pulp of it is hard, coniifling of many 
linews knit in a mafs. It ferves to 
make fauce to meat, being tart ; and 
when ripe is eaten with fait and vi- 
negar, and will keep fo a long time. 
It creates an appetite, and the Indians 
reckon it good againll choler. Ch\fi. 
Acoji. nat. hilt. £. I?id. 

Ambe'res, the city Antwerp m the 
Low Countries. 

Ambu, a liquor in Peru, which 
f5ows from a Ipring near the fea, of the 
cclour and corjfiltence of honey, and 
fmelling Más Tacamahaca. It cures in- 
veterate difeafes proceeding from cold 
caiifes, and takes away all aches and 
pains of that nature. It feems hot in 
tit? thirá degree, and very vifcous. 
Monardes, fol. io8. 

Ajmbicion, ambition. Lar. 
Ambiciosame'nte, ambiticmfly. 
Ambicioso, ambitious. 
Ameide'xtro, one that ufes both 
hands equally, as well as the right. 
Lar. ° 


A'íiELA, the amble ofahorfe. 

Ameeadór, an ambler. 

Amela'r, to amble, to pace. 

A'mbos, both. 

A'mbos a doj, botfi together. 

Ambhoela, a deceitful practice, in- 
tangling_ of matters. A new-made 
word, from the Italian embrollare. 

Ambrosia, the meat the poets feign- 
ed the Gods did eat. 

AmLroJta yirva, the herb oak of y«- 

Aa! BRÓSIO, Ambrcife, the proper name 
of a man. 

Ambróz was formerly a village, 
where now the city Paknc/a fiands." 

Amerune'sa, a fort of cherry. 

A M C 
Amcale', a fruit growing in the 
Eiijl Indies on a tree as big" as a pear- 
tree, out of the thick part of the 
branches. Its lliape is like a golden- 
pippin, with fireaks like a melon on 
the outlide, the flefli within white, 
and has a ftone. They make good 
fvveetmcats of it, the natural talte be- 
ing a pleafant tartneis. They are ripe 
in February, March, and Ap-J!. Cemeli. 
vol. 5. 1. I. c. 8. 

A M I 

Ambie Nl-E, ambient, going or ho- 
vering about a thing. Lat. 

Amliguame'nte, ambiguoi'lly. 

Ambiguida'd, ambiguity. Lat. 

Ambíguo, ambiguous. 

A'meito, going about, or ccmpaf- 
fing ; alfo bribery^ or circurafercice.. 

A M B 

Amedre'nta'do, put into a fear. 

Amedrentador, one that fri-jhts, 
or puts others into fear. 

Amedrenta'r, to put into a fear, 
to make one afraid.. From the Latin 

Amexcziva'do, that has taken a 
medicine, or a clyfter. 

Amelezina'r, to cure, to give a 
medicine or a clyfter. From vieiecina, 
a clyfler, or a medicine. 

Ams'lla, v\á. A-méndra, 

Amelona'oo, íbftned, mollified ; 
alfo fliap'd like a melon. 

Amelona'b, to ibften ox mollify; 
alfo ro iliape like a meloiu From me- 
Un, a melon. 

A M e'n, the fame in all languages, 
originally Hebrew, being the conclu 
iion of fome prayers, and iignifyino 
fometimes verily, and ibmetimes io be 
it. The Spaniards alio fometimes fay, 
A)nén de effo, belides thar, or except 

Prov. Amén, amén, al cielo llé^a : 
Amen, amen, reaches heaven. By this 
is meant, that the prayers of the juft, 
and the cries of the poor, are heard 
by God. 

'Emm fúnti Amén, in an infíant, in 
a moment ; that is, whilft you can pro- 
nounce the two ¡all words of a grayer, 

• Amena'^a, or Amer.UzB, a threat, 

Ai:ENA-/A'no, thrcatncd. 

Prov. Los amenazados 'pan' comen: 
Threatned folks eat bread. We fay, 
threatned folk live loner. 

Amenaza'r, to threaten. From' 
the Lat. miner. 
• Ajiengua'do, vid. Mcngu/ido, 

Amengua'r, vid. Me?i^^iiar. 

Amenida'd, plcafantncC, clcarncis 
of weather. 

Ame'no, pleafant, delightful. Lat. 

_ A.menta'r, Praf. To Amiento, to 
fling, or throvv with a lling. . 

Ame'nto, vid. Amiento. 

AmenÚdo, often. 

Ajvie'os, the herb ammy. 

Ame'rica, America, the fourth artj' 
greateil part of the world ; never 
known till Chrijiopher Columbus difco- 
ver'd it in the year 1499 for the crown 
of Spain ; yet Americas Vefpucius lome 
years after making farther difcovcries,- 
gave it his name. It runs -quite from 
north to fouth, forming two vaft con- 
tments, joined together by a narrow 
ifthmus a: The weftern 
bounds of it are the pacifick ocean, 
commonly call'd the South Sea ; the 
ealtern, the Ailantick, or y:orth Sea ; 
to the northvv.ird its extent is not: 
I'nown ; on the fouth it is cut off by" 
the llreights of Magellan, from Tierrtf 
del Fuego, beyond which is flreight k 
Maire ; what is faither, undifcover'd. 

Amesnadores, Obf. for the kind's 
guards. So call'd from méz., a month, 
either becaufe they did duty, or were 
paid by the month. 

Amesna'r, Obf. to be upon guardj 
or to do monthly duty. 

Ametala'do, mix'd of cover'd 
with metal ; alio feign'd or counter- 

Ametala'r, to mix or cover with 
metal ; alio to feign or counterfeit. 
Amethisto, v\<\. Amat-ljia. 
Ame'xaj or Améxca, Obi a plurij ■ 
or prune. Arabick. 


AiMiciciA, friendihip. Latin. 

Amidon, vid. Admidán. 

Amie'nda, a fine, from the FrsncH 
amende. In the licenie before the 
book call'd Vida y hechos dt Lpcvam'ilg 

Amie'nto, Sublt. a leather flrop' 
wound about a dart, which ferves to 
iling it with the greater force. Latia 

Ajiiiesga'jdo, or Amiezgádo, a friiis 
like a-flrawberry. 


Amiga, a female friend ;when meant 
of a friend to a man, alfo taken in an 
iU fend-. 

Amkía'ble, fritndlj'. 

Amiüauliml'ntl, in friendly man- 

Amica'r, to make or to become 
fiicnJs. • 

Ami'go, a friend, when meant" of a 
woman's friend, taken in an ill fenfe, 
Lat. amicjus- 

Prov. Amigo reconciliado enemigo A- 
hUido: A reconciled friend is a double 
entmy. To ftiow the danger there is 
of a faifc reconciliation. 

Prov. Amigo quebrado, fildádp, mas 
. minc.t faiw : A broken friend maybe 
Ibuldtr'd, but will never be found. 
To the fame cfFed as that above. 

Prov. Amigo de tod.-í y de ninguno, 
todo es io:o : A friend to all and to 
none- is the fame thing. To iliow that 
there is no fClch thing as being a ge- 
neral friend to every body. 

Prov. Amigo de t/ifa de vim t A pot- 

Prov. Amiga BurgaUs, y papáto de 
haldrés, y encallo de andadura, pufO 
¿lira: A friend of the cky Burgos, a 
-íheep-skin íhooe, 'and a pacing horfe, 
do not laft long. 

Prov. Amigo del liicn tiempo niúdafe 

■ COK el vié : A friend in proQierity 
• changes like the wiad. 

Prov. Aquél es in amigo, que le qui- 
ta de riiydo : He is your friend that 
brings ycu out of trouble or quarrels. 
Meaning that he is not lb, who brings 
tales to breed diiconttnt. 

Prov. Aqitélhs ¡on ricos que tienen a- 

■ fiiigos : They are rich who have friends. 
That is, real ones. 

Prov. A tH amigo gánale un juega, y 
bévelo ¡ui'go : Win a game of your 
friend, and drink out the winnings 
•immediately. That is, do not play 
v/ith him for much money, becaule 
piay is the occaiion of quarrels. 

Prov. yJ tu amigo diie ¡a nientif.t; 
Ji te guardare puriil.,^., dile la ver- 
dad: Tell your friend a lie, and if he 
keeps your council, then tell him the 
truth. That is, make trial of him. 

Prov. Bufcad.'o amigo, mas Ji fué/a 
If'iro, yú cs hiiviéra mordido ; Look for 
it, friend, but if it had been a dog it 
had bit you. We fay the fame, when 
a man looks about for that which is 
before his face. 

Prov. Tje amigo reconciliado guárdate 
como del diablo: Be as cautious of a 
reconciled friend, as you would be of 
having to do with the devil. To iliovv 
iiie danger of a falfe reconciliation. 

A M M 

The next is to the fame cfFeil. 

Prov. De amigo reconciliado, y de 
viento por horado, y de hombre que <va 
dtjjimuladi) : Fiom a reconciled friend, 
from wind that comes in at a hole or 
cranny, and from a man that walki 
demurely. Subintelhgilur, good Lord 
deliver us. They are three dangerous 

Prov. Mas va'.en amigos en la piafa; 
que dineros en el area: Friends. in the 
market are better than money in the 
chefl. To exprcfs the great advantage 
of hiving friends abroad. 

Prov. Mas -jale buen amigo que pa- 
riente primo: A good friend is better 
than a near kiniiiian. 

Prov. So vendas a tu amigo, ni del 
rico compres trigo : Do not fell to your 
friend, nor buy corn of a rich man. 
Becaufc buying and felling is often the 
caufe of difobliging friends, and rich 
men alwnys keep their corn to fell it 

Prov. ^iái dc todos es amigo, o es 
muy pobre, o es muy rico : He who is 
a friend to all men, is either very poor, 
or very rich. For, if poor, he courts 
all men ; and if rich, all court him. 

Prov. ^lic'n es amigo del vino, ene- 
migo es de Ji mifmo : He who is a 
friend to wine is an enemy to himfelf. 

Prov. Bos amigos de una bol/a, el 
lino cunta, y el otro Uóra : Two íriends 
of one purfe, the one lings, the other 
weeps. is, there can be no 
friendihip in a common purfe. Or, as 
we fay. Two hands in a difli, and one 
in a purfe. 

Prov. Al buen amigo con tu pan y. 
con tu vino: To a good friend with 
your bread and yoi:r wine. That is, 
let your houfc or table be free to a good 

Amigóte, a half friend. 

Amigiíilla, a little ihe friend, or 
miftrels. The diminutive o? amiga. 

Amilana'do, fcar'd, or frighted. 

Amilana'rse, to be daunted or 
frighted, as birds are when they fee 
the kite. From milano, a kite. 

Amista'd, friendfliip. Lat. amici- 

Prov. Amifiád de yerno, fol de invi- 
•érno : A fon-iu-law's friendíliip is like 
the winter fun. That is, but jult warm, 
and not lading. 

A'ai I TO, an amice, that is, a fquare 
linnen cloth the prieft ties about his 
neck, hanging down behind under the 
alb, when he veils to fay mafs. 
A M M 

A M M Ó N, the proper name often 
found in fcripture and profane hiftory-; 


but we call David's fon Amman, and 
the Egyptian deity jfupiter Hammon. 

The Spaniards call both jiwwic». 

Ammonia'co, gum ammoniack, 
«hich comes from a tree in Egypt, fo 
call'd from the oracle oí Amman, near 
which it grew ; ufed in phylick. See 
Ray, p. 1844. 

- A'm o, a mailer. 

Prov. Haz lo que tu amo te mandan 
y Jientate ccn el a la mcja : Do whac 
your mailer bids you, and fit down ac 
the table with him. 

Prov. Lo bii'n ganado fe pierde, y lo 
malo ello, y fu amo : What's well got 
is loft, and what is ill gut mailer and 
all. That is, the beil got wealth is 
fubjecl to cailialtics, but what is ill 
got, involves him that gets it ib in ru- 

Amodorra'do, lick of a lethargy, 
or feiz'd wich a diowzinefs. 

Amodorra Rst, to fall fick of a 
lethargy, or be feiz'd with a hcavi- 
nefs. from modorra, a lethargy. 

Ahodokrece'rsí;, idem. 

Amodorrido, viú. Amodorrado. 

Amoha'do, grown mouldy ; alió 

Amoha'rse, to grow mouldy, or 
be cover'd with mofs. From mOh, 
mouldintfs, or mofs. 

AMOHATRA'Dc,»ruii in debt, laid 
in pawn, or one that fuflers by extor- 

Amohatra'r, to take up, or let 
out at extortion. From mohatra, ex- 
tortion, or pawnbrokery. 

Amohinado, put out of humour, 
angefed, or fretted. 

Amohinar, to put out of humour, 
to anger, or fret. From mohwa, pee- 

Amojama'do, wither'd and full of 
wrinkles with old age. 

Amojona'do, bounded or limited. 

Amojonar, to limit orfet bounds, 
Viom mojón, a land-mark. 

Amola'do, ground or whetted.* 

Amolador, a grinder. 

Amoladura, the drofs that come» 
oft iron in grinding. 

Amola'r, PrDef. To Amuelo, Prcet. 
Amolé, to grind, to whet, or fliarpen-. 
From muela, a grindltone. 

Amolda'do, caft in a mould, or 
fitted as if it had been "caft in the 
fame mould. 

Amoldador, one that cafts in a 

Amolda'r, to caft in a mould, or 
fit as if things were caft in the fame 
mould. From molde, a mould. 



Amoldar el ganado, to mnrk cattle. 

A M o L L a'd o, Obf. foftcned or 

Amolla'r, Obf. to foften or ílacken. 
Prom the old word muelle, foft. 

AMOtLENTA'DO, Obf. vid. afíioU 

Amollentadúra, Obf foftemng 
cr ílackening. 

Amoll£Nta'r, Obf. vid. amollar. 

AmÓmo, a plant bearing a fort of 
fmall fruit in clufters, of a very hot, 
aftringcnt, and drying nature. Sec it 
in Kay, p. 1697, verb. Anionmm.. 

Amondonga'do, grofs, all of a 
heap, all belly. From mor?dó>igp, black- 

Amonestación, a warning or ad- 
monition ; alfo the banns bid in 
churches before matrimony, then uftd 
in the plural amonejiaciones, corruptly 
cali'd by Ibiiie niuniciones. 

AMONESTA'DO,warn'd, admonifti'd. 

Amonestador, a warncr, an ad- 

Amonestamib'nto, for amor.ejla- 
cion, but little iifcd. 

Amones ta'r, to warn, to admo- 
nilll. From the Latin moneo. 

Amonio, an herb cali'd amony. 

Amonta'do, amounted ; alfo got 
into the mountains. 

A.monta'r, to amount ; alfo to get 
•up into the mountains. 
. Amontón, by the heap. 

Amontona'do, heap'd up. 

Amontonadame'nte, by heaps. 

Amontonadór, a heaper. 

Amontonamie'nto, a heaping. 

Amon tona'r, to heap. From wiw- 
•<o'», a heap. 

Amor, love. Lat. amor. 

Amores, commonly taken in the 
worft fenfe for a lewd amorous paflion ; 
as alfo for common cotirtfliip, or ma- 
king love. 

Amur de hortelano, the plant called 

PW. Amor de niña, de niño, agua 
■en cejlo: Childrens love is water in a 
basket. That is, it ibon pafles away, 
like water taken up in a basket. 

Prov. Amor de monja fuego de cfiopa : 
Nuns love is like a lire of tow. That 
is, very hot, yet is but a blaze, no 
fooner kindled than dead ; for being 
only a little talk through a grate, as it 
comes lightly, as lightly it palTes away. 

Prov. Amor de padre, de madre, 
que todo lo otro es áyre : A father's love, 
or a mother's, for all other love is like 
wind- The love of parents is fo fin- 
cere, fo paflionate, and fo difintercfted, 
that all other love compared to it feems 


but mere wind and vanity. 

Prov. Amor loco, yó por vos, y tíos por 
¿tro: Mad l(jve, I follow you, and you 
follow another. This cxpreiies the fol- 
ly of love, when a man loves and fol- 
lows a woman who he knows has 
placed her heart elfewhere. 

Prov. Amor trompero (0 amor mefoné- 
ro) quant as veo, tantas quiero: Incon- 
ftant love, running round like a top, 
all I fee I love. It exprefles the folly 
of fbmc men, who court and make 
love' to all the women they meet ; 
comparing their love to a top, which 
the more it is whipp'd, the more it 
turns round ; io they, the more they 
arc fcorncd and flurted at, the more 
they turn to ven: their folly. I: is 
alfo cali'd mefoniro, that is, the love of 
an inn, where wenches pretend to love 
all comers and goers. 

Prov. Amor defeTicr, amor de hurón : 
A lord or a great man's love is like a 
ferret's love. That is, the love great 
men pretend, is only to compaís their 
deligns ; their intention is to play the 
ferret, to ruine you, and then leave 

Prov. Amur de mdfija, y fuego de e- 
ftópa, y "jiénto de culo, todo es uro : 
Nuns love, fire of tow, and 
wind of the arfe, is all alike. Part 
of this proverb was mentioned above, 
and explain'd ; this is the fame, with 
only the addition, that to love nuns is 
not worth a fart. 

Prov. Amores nuevos olvidan viejos : 
New love makes the old be forgot. 
One nail drives out another. 

Prov. Amores nuevos cafa con puche- 
ros: New love is like a houfe full of 
pipkins. Tliat is, it ftands upon tick- 
lilh terms, it is eafy to be broke. 
Otherwife, love is fo expenfive, that 
it reduces the lover from a good pot of 
meat to a pipkin. Or elfe it may be 
taken in that fenfe where haze'r puché- 
ros fignifies to make faces, as children 
do when they cry ; fo amorous youn^ 
fops make many ugly faces, and fome- 
times flicd tears for their miftrclfes. 

Prov. Amores, dolores, y dineros, no 
pueden ejlár fecrétos : Love, pain, and 
money cannot be kept private. 

Prov. El amor de Dios florece, todo 
lo al perece': The love of God flourifhes, 
all other things perifli. A religious 
proverb, to exprefs the uncertainty cf 
the things of this worLl, and perfuade 
the love of God, which is the only 
certain good. 

Prov. El amor de hs afnos entra a y a tocados : The love of alk-s is 
beaten in with kicking and biting. 


A reproof for boiilerous lovers. 

Prov. El amor y la guadaña quieren 
fuer fa, y quieren ma'ia : Love ai:d the 
fcythe require force and art. That is. 
It is requifitc in love to ufe ircportuni- 
ty, (¡gnify'd by force, and induüry or 
art at the fame tirr:e, as well as in 
mowing, where a man, tho' never fo 
llrong, cannot manage a fcythe, uu- 
lefs he has the knack of it. 

Prov, Los amores del gata riñéndit 
cnlran: Cats love begins by quarrel- 
ling. As we daily fee in cattcrwawl- 
ing. This is to the fame effect as that 
above of the afs. 

Prov. In amor faca otro : One love 
drives out another. The fame as that 
above. Ameres nuevos olvidan viejos. 

Prov. Al amor el remedio es tierra en 
medio : The remedy for love is und 
between. That is, abfence is the belt 
cure for love. 

Prov. Lo perdido vaya por amor de 
Dios : Let that which is loir be given 
for the love of God. A reproof to thofe 
who give nothing but what they can't 
tell what to do with, or what is of no 
ide to them. 

Prov. §uién cúfa por amores, malos 
días y iuénas noches : They that marry 
for lovcj have bad days and good 
nights. Becaufe very often when they 
marry for love there wants a fortune ; 
or elfe they difcover many faults, 
which before were hid, and this 
makes the days uneafy, but the nights 
having the enjoyment that was defir'd, 
forget the trouble of the day, 

Prov. Vanfe los amores, y quedan lot 
dolores : Love palles away, and the 
pain remains. "That is, raih love, after 
enjoyment, turns into trouble and for- 

Prov. guando «I coxo de amor muire^ 
que hara quién andar puede ? Whea 
the lame man dies for love, what will 
become of him that can go? That is, 
when vile people take upon them, what 
may not their betters do ? 

AmoradÚx, fweet marjorum. Arab.' 

Amorata'do, of a mulberry colour. 
From mora, a mulberry. 

Amordazando, gagg'd. 

A MORDAZ a'r, to gag. From mOr-- 
dázá, a gag. 

Amori-.a'do, iliown the fire, or 
gently warm'd at the fire. 

Amorea'r, to lliow to the fire, to 
warm gently. This word borrow'd 
from amor, becaufe in Spanilh, alamor 
de ¡a hiwbre, is at the air of the fire. 

A.MÓRLS se'cos, burdocks ; fo call- 
ed, becaufe they flick clofe. 




A-MORicÓNts, clownilh, coarfe love, 
»i among pcafancs. 

Amokico, a downilb or jocofc word 
for love. 

Amorisca'dOj after the Mooriin 

A.MOR.MÍOS, daftadüs. 

Amorma'bo cMiUlc, vid. GiW/". 

Amorosaml'nti, lovingly, kindly. 

Amoroso, loviiiq, kind. 

A>ioR*A, a fporc among children, 
who blindfold one, and the other 
holds up fingers, and he u to gucfs 
Jww rjaay were held up. 

Amorra'r, to hang down the head, 
to be hulb. 

Amortaja'dp, put into a fliroud. 

A^:oRTAJA'R, to p'.it into a fliroud 
for buri.-il. Fro.ii n/oitaja, a fliioud. 

Amortfce'r, to fwoon or faint a- 
way, to be as it were dead. From 
vimrte, death. 

Amortecíoo, fwoon d or fainted 
away, lying as if dead. 

Amortlcimie'nto, fwooning or 
fainting away. 

A..mortigua'do, mortified, or made 
as if dead. 

Amortigvamie'nto, mortifying or 

Amortigua'r, to mortify, to dead- 
en. In painting, to darken colours. 
Ttom muerte, dtath. 

Amortuacion', the falling of an 
tflate to mortmain. 

Aa:orti2a'do, fallen to mortmain, 

Asiortixa'r, to put an ellate into 
fuch hands as it cannot be fold or dif- 
jetd of again ; as to the church, 
which our law calls mcrtmain. 

A.M0SCADÓR, a fan to drive the flies 
away. From mofea, a fly. 

A M o s TA 2 a'i) o, mix'd or drefs'd 
with mufiard ; met. fretted, provoked, 
or put into a pallion. 

Amostaza'r, to mix or feaibn with 
Biuilard ; metaphorically, to vex, fret, 
or put into a pallion. From mojianit, 

Amostrado, Ihowir. 

Amostra'r, to ftiow. From the 
Lat. monjiro. 

Amotina'do, mutinous, fañious. 

Amotinadór, one tliat raifcs mu- 

Amotina'r, to raife a mutiny, to 
llii' up to fcdition. From motiv, a mu- 

Amoví'r, to take away, to remove, 
lat. amoveré, 

Amoxama'eo, ihrivell'd, fiirunk up. 
A M P 

Ampah.a'do, protcifted, defended. 

A.mparador, a proteiiorj a dcfeii- 


A.mParí^'r, to proteftj defend, or 

A.mpa'ro, proteflion, defence, fup- 

Amphíbio, amphibious, a creature 
that lives either on the land, or in the 
water. Greek. 

Animales am\ihíb':os, amphibious crea- 
cures i fuch as, Bharo, a beaver ; Ca- 
Jior, a callor ; Galápago, a tortoife ; 
Lódra, an otter ; Kiitria, idem ; Tor- 
tilga, a tortoife. 

Am PHI BOLOG I A,a doubtful fentence, 
that carries a double meaning. Greek. 

Ami'Hitea'tro, an amphitheatre; 
a round theatre for the people to lit a- 
bout and fee fports. Lat. 

A'mpiÍora, properly a Roman mca- 
fure, but fometimes ufcd by the Spani- 
ards, tlpecially poets, for any great 
pitcher. Latin. 

A.mplame'nti, amply, largely. 

Ampiiíicacion, amplification, en- 

AMPLiriCA'DO, amplified, enlarged. 

Ampliíica'r, to amplify, to en- 

A'mplo, ample, large, wide. Lat. 

A iMPo DE nie've, a flake of iiiow. 
A'mpo is alio gay drefs, bulkineis. 

Ampolla, a blilter in the flefli, a 
bubble in the water, a glafs vial, or 
bottle with a round belly. Lat. am- 

Ampolle'ta, or .AmpoUita, a fmall 
bliflcr, bubble, or vial ; alfo a water- 

Ampolla'rse, is for the skin to 
life in blifters. 

Ampollqso, full of blifters. 

Ampurda'n, the territory or di- 
flricl of the city Ampurias in Cata- 

Ampúrias, or AmpiUias, vid. I»;- 


Amue'lo, vid. Amdar. 

Amue'stro, vid. Amojtrár.. 

Amugera'do, hen-peck'd, altoge- 
ther fubjeil to a woman. 

Amula'r, to mumble, as old wo 
men do their meat. 

Amulata'do, like a Mulatto, that 
is tawny ; like one that is born of 
a black and a white. 

AiiiiRA, the main tack, whiijh is a 
great rope in a fliip» fci/'d into the 
clew of the fail, to carry forward 'the 
clew of the fail, and make it ftand 
clofe by a wind. It is alfo taken for 
that part of the fiiip which is the mid- 
way from the broadeft part to the 


AmoRa'dAs, the high fides witfrni 
the Ihips. 

Amura'te, jíw/w/ííí, a proper name 
in ufe among the Turks, iignifying iii 
the Egyptian tongue a commander. 

Amusco, a fort of philamot colour, 

Amusga'r, to make an unlucky 
motion, as vicious beails, efpeeially 
mules, do with their iiofe and ears, 
when they are bent upon mifchief. 
Alio to ftretch out the fnout to bite. 
From the Italian mttfo^ a fnout. 

Amybón, vid. Almidótt, 

A'n a, a meafure iifed in Spai?i, be- 
ing about three quarters of an Englilli 
yard. It is alfo fometimes taken fc* 
a fathom ; the proper name Ajin. 

Ana BATISTAS, anabaptifts, the fe- 
daries lb called. 

Anaca'la, fo they call the baker's 
maid in the city Toledo, who fetches 
the bread from private houfes to the 
bake-houfc, and carries it home again 
baked. Arabick. 

Anaca'les, the boards the bread is 
iiit on before it goes into the oven, 
and after it is drawn. Arab. Thence 

Anaca'lo, a man that carries the 
bread to and from the bake-hoitie. 

Anaca'rdo, a fort of fruit very 
common in India, and like a bean. 
On the tree, or freih gathered, it is of 
a brightiih green ; but dry, of a fliin- 
ing black. Within it is a white fub- 
Icance like an almond, and between 
the white nut and t.he black ihell is a 
very corroding oil. It is reckoned ve- 
nomous, yet when put into a Ibrt of 
pickle, like that of the olives, it is 
iold in the markets and eaten. One 
of them held on the point of a knife 
over a candle, as it burns makes a 
wonderful cracking, and cafts forth 
fuch abundance of fparks, that they 
look like rays, infomuch that they 
impofe I'pon ignorant people, and^niake^ 
them believe they fee fpirits in them, 
and learn of them what they defire to 
know. This cheat is ufed by their 
fortune-tellers, who returning ambigu- 
ous anfwers to all queüions, fiill pre- 
ferve their reputation. Chrijl. Accfi, 
nat.hili. £. hid. 

Amacephaleósis, a recapitulation.' 

Anachorita, an anchorite or her- 
mit, who leads a folitary life. Creek. 

AnacÚyes, a fiijall nation of Indi- 
ans in Brazil in South America. 

A'n ad E, a duck or drake. From 
the Lat. anas. 

Aíí4eía'k, to waddle like a duck. 



Añadí KA, ozMadíno, a ducklin, a 
Cnall duck. 

A na'do; as, Pajptrunrío i nado, 
to fwim over a river. 

Anadón, a great duck. 

Anaía'lla, a fort of cottor» cloth. 

Aniciri, bcan-trefoil, zn herb plca- 
fant to look to, but has an ill fcent. 

Anagoge, or Anagogia, the fubtile 
or lofty interpretation of fcripture, or 
Other myllerious book. 

AnagógicOj fublime, fubtile, lofty. 

Anagra'ma, an anagram, the let- 
ters of a name ib tranfpoled as to com- 
pofe another word, or words. 

Analogía, analogy, like reafon, 
proportion, relation. 

Ana'les, annali. Lat. 

Ana'nas, this fruit was firft carried 
into India from Brazil, and has throve 
well. It is as big as a ilnall limon, ve- 
ry yellow and odoriferous, when ripe, 
very delicious to the tafte, and juicy. 
Only one grows upon a llalk, which 
is as tall as an artichoak, with many 
fmall ones about it, which, when they 
gather the great one, they plant, and 
each of them produces a plant, grow- 
ing up in a year. This fruit is hot and 
moift, and is eaten dipp'd in wine. 
There is another fort which they call 
Ananas Brai;o, or Wild Ananas, which 
grows as high as a horfe-man's ipcar, 
fmooth, ftraic, round, and as thiqk 
as an orange-tree, the leaves prickly, 
and a great knot of them at the foot 
of it. The roots of it are entangled 
• under ground, and fprout up again, 
one tree producing another, ib that 
they make hedges. On the boughs 
grows a fruit they call the Wild Ana- 
nas, becaufc like the other. It is as 
big as a melon, of a pleafant red, all 
divided like the cyprel's-apple, but at a 
diftance like the pine-apple ; it is not 
very pleafant to the tañe, and therefore 
eaten by few. There comes a moifiure 
from the tree and roots, which is of 
good ufe in phylick, Clrjl'. Acoji, nat. 
^ hiiUE. hid. 

Anape'lo, wolfsbane, a poifonous 
^ herb. 

AnapÚva, a territory in the pro- 
vince of Venezuela in South America. 

Anaq.uii'l, a fort of cupboard, or 
• hollow in a wall, to fet glalies or ether 
things. Arabick. A'fo a fhelf. 

Anacoluto, a diíhiíl in the pro- 
vince of ^!</to in the king.lom of fiiv;. 

Anaranj a'do, of an orange-colour. 

Ana's, the river Guadiana in Spa:n, 
formerly fo called. Bochart, in hisGí-í- 
ffrapíia Sr.o'a, fays, the name Anas is 
Arabick, from hanafa^ to vauilli and 

A N C 

tfppear agai% bccaufe this river finks 
under ground, and having run ib for 
fcveral miles, rifes again. Yet he fup- 
pofcs the name to be given i: by the 
Pha-nicians, who borrow'd it from the 
Arabick, for it is much ancientcr than 
[he conquelt of che Moors. See more 
of this river, \(i):h.Cuad:ana. 

Añascóte, a fort oí Flat.dtrs fluff, 
which our merchants call hounfcot, or 
rather fayes. 

Anasta'sio, Anajlajiiis, the proper 
name of a man. Greek an.'fi'Jis, Iig- 
nifying refurrtction. 

Ana'ta, a year's, revenue of a be- 
nefice, paid to the pope by the perfon 
promoted to it. 

Anathe'ma, anathemaj a curfe. 

Anathematizado, anathematiz'd, 

Anathematiza.mie'nto, an ana- 
thematization or curiing. 

Anathematiza'r, to anathematize 
or curfe. Greek. 

Anatista, the ofricer that receives 
a year's revenue of benefices for the 

Anatolia, the Lejpr Afta, being 
that part of Afia which lU etches it felt' 
ou: into the Mediterránea?} towards 
Greece, bounded on the north by the 
Eiixine or Black Sea, on the eaft part- 
ed from Syria and Armenia by the ri- 
ver Euphrates, on the fouth and weil 
it has the Mediterranean. 

Anatomía, an anatomy. Greek. 

Anatomista, an anatomift, he that 
makes an anatomy. 

Anatomiza'r, to anatomize. 

Anavaxa'ca, a town in the pro- 
vince oí Hondwas in Korth America, 
A N C 

A'nca, the hip or buttock of a 

Cavalgar en ¡as ár.c.-s, to ride on 
the rump, or to ride behind another. 

Ca-ualio que 7!0 fúfrs ancas, a horfe 
that will not carry double. 

Ración que nofiijre ancas, an allow- 
ance thai will not admit of a fupernu- 
merary guefl. 

A'nca de navio, the quarter of a fliip. 

Ancarotes, the gum of a tree in 
Perfia ; alfo a vifcous matter growing 
ibmetimes about a man's tefliclcs. 

A'nchAj in cant iignifies a town or 

Anchamente, widely, largely, 

A'ncho, broad. 

Anchova, an anchovy. 

Anchove'ta, a little anchovy. 

Anchura, breath. 

Ancianía, antientneís. 


Ancia'no, anticnt. 

A'ncla, an anchor, 

Ancla'po, anchor'd, 

Ancla'ge, anchorage. 

Ancla'r, to cait anchor. 

A'NCLASjin cant ligniiies the hands. 

AncoN, an inlet, creek, or fmall 
bay in the fea. 

A'ncora, an anchor. Latin. 

Ancora'do, anchor'd. 

Ancora'r, to anchor. 

An^ue'lo, vid. AnzuHo. 

AncÚza, a fort of buglois. 

Andaba'yla, a province in the 
kingdom of Peru in South America. 

Andaca', come hither. Two words, 
anda aca. 

Anda'da, a going ; alfo a daugh- 

Anda'do, gone, walk'd over ; alio 
a icn-in-law, the fon of a man's wife, 
or a woman's husband in former wed- 

- Andador, a walker ; alfo a beadle 
or fuch officer as goes about to warn 

Andadores, leading-firings to teach 
children to go by. 

Andadura, going, walking ; gate, 
or way of going. 

Cavallo de andi'ira, a pacing horfe, 

Andalie'n, a province or diilrici: 
ill the kingdom of Chile in South Ame- 

Andaluz, a native of the province 
of AndaluZ'a. 

Prov. Al Andaluz hazéUe la cruz, y 
al Ginóves tres : Make one croís to an 
Andaluzian, and three to a Gcnoeie. 
A faying of the CaiHlians, who have 
no good opinion of the Andaluzians, 
and much worfe of the Genoefes, and 
therefore direft to make the liga of the 
crofs, as if they f.iw the devil. 

Andaluzia, a large province in the 
ibutii oí Spain, bounded on the north 
by Ejlremadura and Jiew Cijiil-, on 
the loath and eaft by the Mediterra- 
nean, and on the weft by the ocean. 
This taking it in the largeft accepta- 
tion, which includes the kingdom of 
Granada. It took its name from the 
Vandals, who inhabited it, only leav- 
ing out the V. By the Romans it was 
called Bctica, and Turdetania. Alio a 
province in South America between 
Venezuela and Guiana ; the chief city 
of it is Kevj Cordova. 

Prov ^u en jucre al Andaluzia, an- 
de la noche y duerma el día : Let him 
that goes to Andaluzia travel by night 
and iiccp by day. Bccaufe of the great 

H 1 Anda'mio, 


Anda'mio, a fcaflbid. 

Andamies de jardín, the walks iii a 


Anda'na ; >iuw de andarui, a fliip 
veil AoxvM, and fit for failing. 
An'Da'nca, going. 
Andancia, a walicing-place. 
Anda'nti-, uftJ in romances ; as 
Oi'MUiro andante, a knight-erranc. 

Anda'r, Vixi.ToAtido, ?\xx. Ande, 
or Mdu-ve, Fut. Andiirk ; to go, to 

Aad'iT en f ancos, to walk upon ftiks. 
Andar en tames, to go naked. 
Andar en cueros, idem. 
Andar en cuerdo, to go without a 

Atidar del cuerpo, to go to ftool. 
Andar a la mano, to be ready at 

Andúr a gatas, to creep on all four. 
Andar a órfa, to fail with a fide 

Andar a féfgo, to go fidelLig. 
Andárfe a las anchi'tras, to lead a 
loole life. 

A mas andúr, to go full fpeed. 
Andar, andar, go on, go forwards. 
Prov. Si e/la, tras que ando mato, 
tres me faltan para (¡uátro : If I kill 
this I am in purfuit of, I ihall want 
but three of four. This they fay when 
a man is long bufy, and has done no- 
thing, as is imply'd by the words of 
the proverb. 

Andara'ya, a fort of game like 

A-NDARit'cA, a gadding goffip. 
Andarie'go, a man that is always 

Andarilla, a little fedan or chair 
10 be carried in. 

A.NDARRio, a fort of fmall bird liv- 
ing in waters upon fmall fifhes and in- 
f^éb. In cant one that goes about to 
draw people in to gaming. 

A'ndas, a bier to carry the dead, 
or to carry images in proceiTions, or 
the like. 

A'xDij let it go, or let him go. 
Ande la Ufa, let it rub, let the 
wcrid rub, let us be merry. 

A'nden mis blancas tocas, let my 
white hcad-cloaths come on again ; 
that is, oft with the mourning. 

Akdi'n, a walk, or a gallery, or 
any place to walk in. 

A'ndes, Lbs Andes, a vaft ridge of 
woody mountains in America, which 
ftJ-m a particular province in the king- 
dom of P^ra, andaré in fight of ano- 
ther great ridge, which they call la 
Sierra ; they both run near a thoufand 
lefguesj and on the Andes i: rains the 


moft part of the year. F. f>f. Acofi. nat. 
hill. W. Ind. 

Andílla, a faddle with a frame 
¡landing up about it for women to ride 
on, and be kept up from falling, or to 
cafe them agamft. Alfo a little bier, 
or fuch like carriage. 

Andilla is alfo a town of about 
i5ohoufes, under one parilh, not far 
from Xeha, and upon the river Mur- 
viedro in the kingdom of Valencia. 
Andira, vid. Angelin. 
Andíto, apaliage or walk. From 
andar, to go. 

Andóra, an ordinary golTiping 

Andóre, a fruitful valley among 
the Pyrenean mountains in Catalonia, 
Andorina, Obf. vid. Golondrina. 
Andra'jo, a rag, a clout. 
Andrajl'ro, a rag-man. 
Andrajoso, ragged, tatter'd. 
Andrani's, a town of about loo 
houfes a league from Villa Real in Por- 

Andre's, Andrew, the proper name 
of a man. 

Andrina, vid. Endrina. 
Androge'no, an hermophrodite 
From the Greek androgynos, a man and 

Anpromacha, the wife of HeHor 
the famous Trojan. 

Andua'res, vid. Aduares. 
Andurria'les, common and much 
frequented ways and palTages. 

Andu've, Andwuiéjj'e, Anduviera, 
vid. Andar. 

AndÚxar, a city in Andaluzia oa 
the banks of the úveí Guadalquivir, in 
a rich and .pleafant plain, has a ftrong 
caftle, {lately buildings, and about 
three thoufand families, befides nobi- 
lity and gentry, five parifh churches, 
fix monalteries of religious men, three 
of nuns, and two hofpitals. Antiently 
it was called lUiturgis, and Forum yu- 
lium. The prefent name is mooriih. 
A N E 
Anea'je, meafuring by ells, or a 
duty upon every ell of cloth. In arith- 
metick, the rule for reducing the ells 
of one country to the meafure of another. 
Anega'da, one of the Caribbe 
illands in America, 7 leagues long, 

Akegadi'zo, that is fubjeil to be 
drown'd, flooded, or oveiflown. 

Anega'do, drown'd, flooded, or 

Anecadúra, or Anegamiento, a 
drowning, flooding, or overflowing. 

Anega'r, Prsf. To Anego, Vixt. 
Anegué, to diowPj floodj Oí overflow. 
Arabic¿... " • 

A N G 

Ane'cOj Anegue', vid. Anegaré 
Ane'jo, vid. Anexo and Añejo. 
Anela'r, vid. Anhelar. 
Ane'lco, or Anílco, a diftrid or ter- 
ritory in the province oí Florida in the 
North America. 

Anemo'we, the wind-flower, lb 
call'd becaufe it opens and ihuts with, 
the wind. The name Greek, fignify- 
ing the fame. 

Anexa'do, annexed. 

Anexa'r, to annex. Lzt, anne9ere. 

Ane'so, annexed. 

A N F 
Anfitea'tro, an amphitheatre, a 
place with feats round to fee fports. 
Greek amphi, about, and theao, to fee 
or fpy. 

A N G 
Angari'llas, a hand-barrow ; aU 
ib the frames water-men have on their 
beads to carry great pitchers or jars of 
water on ; alfo any hurdle to dra\y 
goods on. 

A'ngel, an angel. Lat. ángelus, 
A'ngela, the name of a woman, 
ufed in Spain, 

A'ngeles, vid. Puéllá de hsA'tt', 

Angeli'co, a little angel. 
Ange'lico, angelical. 
Ange'lica, the plant angelica; alfo 
the name of a woman. 
Angel ica'l, angelical. 
Angelín, a tree in B^'^z^í/, bearing 
a nut of the fliape and bignefs of an 
egg ; the powder of it taken in a fmall 
quantity expells worms in the belly. 
Ray, hift. plant, p. 1687. verb. Andira,. 
Angelina, the proper name of a 
woman in Spam. 
Ange'o, canvais. 

Angina, the diftemper in the throat ■ 
call'd the quincy. 

Angól, a valley in the kingdom of 
chile in the South America, where the 
Spaniards have built a city call'd by the 
fame name. 

Angostando, made narroy or^ 

Angosta'r, to make narrow or 

Angosto, narrow, or ftreight. La- 
tin angujlus. 

Angostura, narrownefs^, ftreight-^ 

Anguila, an eel. 
Anguíla, one of the Caribbe iflands 
in America, planted by the Englifh ; it 
lies in I iJ degr. z i min. of north lati- 
tude, about 10 leagues in length, and 
I in breadth. Btig. Geogr. DiH, 

Anguila'zo, a lafti with a whip, 
becaufe i; winds about like an eel. 

' "" " " AN<3UI,a'b," 

A N I 

A^fGüLA'RJ angular, that has many 
corners, or that belongs to the corner. 
A'ngulo, an angle, a geometrical 
term, being the meeting of two lines, 
and touching one another in the fame 
plain, yet not lying in the fame firait 
line, but fo that if prolonged they 
would cut one another, and fo form 
another angle upon the back of the 

A'vguk réSo, a right angle is form'd 
by a line falling perpendicular upon a- 
nother, and the mcafure of this angle 
is always 90 degrees. 

A'ngulo aguAo, an acute angle, which 
is (harp, and lefs open than a right an- 
gle, in meafurc under 90 degrees. 

Anguh cbii¡fo,tííí jobtufe angle, which 
is blunt, and more open than the right 
angle, in meafure above 90 degrees. 

A'ngulo refaltado, an angle faillant, 
■which thrufts out its point from the 
works in fortification. 

Angurria, a water-melon ; a word 
not in ufe. 

Angurria, the flrangury, difficulty 
in making water. 

Angustia, anguifli, pain, trouble. 

Angustia'do, in anguiib, in pain 
or trouble. 

Angustia'r, to trouble, vex, or 

A N H 
Anhela'r, to breath with difficul- 
ty i alio to be eager after any thing, 
to covet a thing earneftly. Lat. atihe- 

Anhe'lito, the breath: Lat. 
AnhÓRCa, the herb briony. 

A N I 
Anichila'do, vid. Aniquilado. 
Anichila'r, vid. AniqtáUw. 
Anida'do, nefted, lodged, or fet- 

Anidamie'nto, nefting, lodging. 
Anida'r, to neft, to lodge, to fet- 
Üe. From nido, a neft. 
, Anillo, a ring. Lat. antiulus. 
A'nima, .the foul. Lat. 
Anima'do, that has received life or 
Ibul, alfc encouraged. 

Anima'l, an animal, any living 

creature ; commonly taken for a be ail, 

or for a brutiili man. 

Animales ceñidos, infcds. 

Animala'zo, a great beaft. , 

Animale'jo, a little animal or 


Animali'to, a little animal. 

Anima'r, to encourage. 

Anime, the fweet gum call'J gum 

anime. It is rather a rozin of a lar£;c 

tree, white, and drawing towards the 

A N K 

colour of frank incenic, and brought 
over in fmall pieces like it, but Ibme- 
what larger, oí' a very fragrant fcent, 
and, laid on the coals, foon burns. It 
is brought both from the JLnJl and Wefi 
Indies. Motiardes, p. 5. It is good a- 
gainft hcad-achs proceeding from any 
cold caufe, burning it, and airing hcad- 
cloaths with it. 

A'nimo, the mind ; alfo courage. 
Lat. animus. 

Animoso, couragious, bold. 

Anihiosida'd, courage, boldnefs. 

A N I jii o s A M z'n t e, couragiouijy, 

Aniñadaaie'nte, childiíhly. 

Aniña'do, childilh. From nnio, a 

ANiQtJiLA'DO, annihilated, redu- 
ced to nothing, made of no force. 

Aniq.uila'r, to annihilate, to re- 
duce to nothing, to invalidate. From 
the Latin annihilare. 

Anís, annifeed. 

A N I v E R s a'r i o, an anniverfary. 


A'n A, a Ibrtoffvjx in the li'ejl Indies, 
the filthicft ftinking creature in nature. 
F. yof.Acofi. nat. hiil. W. Ind, 1. 1. c.zo, 
p. 70_. ^ ,^ 

Añadido, added, join', annex'd. 

Añadidura, ah addition ; that 
which is given over in buying, or a 
fmall matter to make up weight. 

Añadir, to add, to put to. From 
the Lat. addere. 

AÑAfÍL, a hautboy ; or, according 
to Covarrubias, a fort of Itrait trumpet, 
ufed by the Moors, and made of me- 
tal. Arabick. 

Añafile'ro, one that plays on fuch 
a trumpet, or that makes them. 

Añaga'^a, a flale,. or bird-call. A- 

Aña'l, yearly. 

Aña'smes, Obf. the old Spanifli 
word for bracelets, worn then by men. 

Aña'za, Obf. a yearly fair. 

Añaze'a, Obf, lúinpew interprets 
it a matter of delight or pleafure, but 
Covarruhias fays it is a fair. 

Añeja'r, to grow old or fiale. 

ASe'jo, old, ftale. 

Añil, Aun, a plant in the Wefi 
Indies two or three foot high, with a 
round ipongy ftalk, bearing white flow- 
ers. The root is about half a foot long, 
It is all fiall of juice, which if the ftalk 
be broke runs blew from it. Of this 
they make the dye calFd alfo rtiíir, 
bruifing the plant, and taking out the 
water; then it Üands till it feucks, and 
ths clear watsr beings poived off, the 

A N N 

fettling is dry'd in the fun. This plan* 
abfolutely differs from the other, o^ 
which indigo is made. Ray hift, planf 
p. 1785. yof. Acojl. nat. hift. mft Ind. 
It alfo grows in zhe Eajl Indies, as may 
be feen in CkriJi.AcoJl. nat. hiil. B. Xnd, 

Añila'do, dy'd with ariil. 

AÑÍN0, a yearling. 

An o, a year. Lat. annus. 

Prov, Año de nieves, año de biínes s " 
A fnowy year is a rich year. That is, 
when much fnow falls and is upon the 
ground, it keeps the corn warm, kills^ 
the worms and weeds, and caufes a-< 
good harvcft. 

Prov. A los años mil buéhe el agua 
por do folia ir : After a thoufand years 
the water runs the fame way it did. 
Or, A ¡OS i'l'ios mil buéhe la hébre a ftt- 
cubil: After a thoufand years the hare 
returns to her form. Thefe are two 
ways of exprefling the fame thing, fig- 
nifying, like Plato's great revolution, 
that in time all things will return to 
the fame pofture they were in before. 
Or, as we fay, it is all one a thoufand 
years hence. 

Prov. Mas v/ile año tardío, que }!»■■■ 
vázio : A late year is better than aa 
empty one. That is, a late harveft 
better than none. Or, as we fay,,/. 
Be:ter late than never. 

Prov. No ay quinze años feos : There 
is no fifti.en years ugly. That is, there 
is no youth without fbme charm. Wo- 
men, if but young, cannot be altoge- 
ther difagreeable. 

■ Prov. No digas mal del á'-o, hif?a 
que fea paffado ; Do not fpcak ill of the 
year till it is part. That is, be not 
too hafty in finding faults, or making 
rafti judgments, but let things be pail, 
or certam, before yju fpcak ill of ■ 

Prov. Poda tardio, y fiémhra tempra- 
no ; Ji errares un alo, acertarás quatro i 
Prune your vines early, and íow your 
corn late; and if you mifs one year, 
you'll hit i: four years. The country- 
man's advice for fafc pruning and ibw-. 

Prov. El tino de la fierra no lo trayga 
Dios a la tierra : God deliver the earth 
from the mountain year. That is, God 
deliver the land fro r, that year which 
is good for the mountains, becaufc 
they require as much rain to make ■ 
them fruitful as drowns all the plains, 
and their product is ib inconfiderable, 
that famine muft follow. 

Prov. En año bueno el grano es rjcnc , 
en uño mulo, la puja es grano : In a 
good year corn is hay, in a bad year 
ilraw 13 corn, That is, the year that 



oroiluccs plenty of corn, it is freely 
given to cattle, and fcrves luftcad ot 
hay ; but wKcn the harvctl is bad, 
whKh is thi bad year, iiraw fcrves 
inilcad of corn, the fcarcity obliging 
people to feed their cittlc with llraw, 
or what thev can get. 

Prov. til •v:j ^-''ro lariuro efpcjo, y 
ceááco claro: In a dear year a clole 
lievc to deanf.; the corn from chaft, 
and an open licvc to lift the meal. To 
%nifv, that in time of fcarcity wc 
muit no: be too nice in clearing the 
chair", for fear that any light grain be 
loft with it ; nor ought we to lift too 
fine, but make the bread of coarfcr 
meal. Which is only to husband near- 
er in time of fcarcity. 

Prov. Lo que r.J acaece en un ATio, 
acaece en uti rato: What does not hap- 
pen in a year, happens in a few mi- 
nutes. Accidents, which are not fre- 
quent fall'out on a fjdden. Wc fay, 
That happens in a day, which does not 
happen in an age. Advice to be pro- 
vided for uncxpcilcd accidents. 

Prov. De ¿y en cisn a':os todos feré- 
mcs cúkcs: This day an hundred years 
-ivc lliall be all bald. That is, we 
fr.ail be all dead. 

Prov. O^t'tKO liii'n áüo, dos rnynes en 
■vn afro : This year is a good year, for 
there arc two knaves upon an afs. 
The boys cry lb when they fee two 
■fellows ride upon one bead. The rea- 
fon is, bccaufe in plentiful years, when 
there is much corn, the beaiis mull car- 
iy great burthens. 

ASojo, a yearling calf. 

Asovr'a, a town of 500 hoiifcs, 
four leagues from Toledo, feated on a 
hill, in a fruitful foil. 

Áñove'z, every other yeat*, when 
the land yields a good crop one year, 
and a bad ont the next. 

A.subla'do, clouded ; aHb Wafted. 

Añuela'r, to grow cloudy, to 
blaft. From in'the, a cloud. 

Asvd.k'do, vid. Anidado. 

ASunADURA, vid. Anudadura. 

Añuda'r, vid. Anudúr. 

AkÓche, laft night. 

An'ochece'r, to grow night. From 
fleche, night. 

AnochlciÓj )' no am.'^neció, he was 
here at night, and gone in the morn- 
ing. Meaning a tradcfman that breaks, 
•or other peribn that fteals aw.iy pri- 

ANocHt'cE 720 anochece, the dusk of 
,the evening, the night-fal). 

AxociiEcino, grown night. 

A.s'O.MALOj irregular, Greek. 


AnÓmiOs, hercticks in the time of 
the emperor Ccnjlantine, who, among 
other errors, attirm'd they could com- 
prehend -the Divine Nature, and that 
the Son was not equal to the Father. 

Anona, Guanavana, a fort of 
fruit that grows on the continent of 
America, as big as a very large peai, 
taperint;, and when open'd all the in- 
(iJe is ioft ao butter, white, fsveet, and 
very plcafant, rcckon'd by fome one 
of the beft forts of fruit in the Wefi 
Indies. There arc in it abundance of 
black feeds. The beft of them are in 
NiW Sp'.in. F. yof. Aiojl. nat. hift. ii'eji 
I/id. 1.4. c. i 5. p. 258. 

AnorcAj the herb fweet briony. 

Anoria, a wheel at a well, with pots 
or buckets to draw up water. Arabick. 
■ Anotación, annotation, a note, a 

Anota'r, to note, to make a re- 

AíNotomÍa, vid. Anatomía. 
A N Q_ 

ANQ.UÍLLA, a little hip or buttock. 
The diminutive of anca. 
A N S 

A'nsar, a goofe. Lzt.anfir. 

Ansarería, or An/aria, a place 
where geefe are kept. 

Ansaríllo, a gollin. 

Ansarino, idem. 

Ansarón, a gander. 

Prov. Es cómo el anfar de Ci^ntim- 
p/i!o, Cjtie fi't. aliofil lobo al camino: He is 
iike Cantimpalo\ goofe, that went out 
to meet the wolf. Said of fuch as vo- 
luntarily run into places of danger, or 
where they may be ill ufed. The rea- 
fon of the proverb I do not find. 

Ansea'ticas villa?, the hanfe or 
free towns in Germany. 

Anse'lmo, Anfilm, the proper name 
of a man. 

Ansí, ox Anfina, lb. 

A'nsia, anguifli, pain, grief, anxi- 

Ansioso, full of anguifh, anxiety, 
pain, or grief. 


A'nta, a Ibrt of buifalo. 

Anta among architefts is the fame 
as a pilafter, or a half column againft 
a wall. 

Anta'ño, the laft year. 

Anta'rttco, antartick, or ibuth, 
as the antartick pole. Greek, and fig- 
nifies oppolite to the artick, or north. 

A'nte, buiF; the right is made of 
buffaloes hide ; fb caird,becaufe placed 
before the brcaft to defend it. 

/ivte, before, in the prefence of; 
as. Ante efcriváno, before a notary. 


Ante is alio a fruit, or any other 
thing eaten before dinner. 

A'nte-anóche, tha night before 

the laft. 

A'nte-aye'r, the day before ye- 

A'nte-ca'mara, an antichamber. 

Antecede'nte, antecedent, go- 
ing before. 

Antecessor, an anteceilbr. Lat. 

Antecede'r, to precede, to go be- 
fore. Lat. 

Antecoge'r el ganado, to drive the 
cattle before one. 

Antechrísto, antichrift. 

Anteíe'cha, an antedate. 

Antelación, the ad of preferring 
one before another. Latin. 

Antemano, beforehand. Lat. 

Antemuro, a defence before a wall, 
ú\c faujfé braye in fortification. 

Ante NA, vid. Enléna. 

Antena de caracol, the upright pon in 
the middle of a winding ítair-caíe. 

Antena'do, or Anten.jda, a fon or 
daughter-in-law, that is, the fon or 
daughter of a man's wife, or a wo- 
man's husband, by another. 

Antenoche, the nisjht before the 

A'ntéójos, fee Antojos. 

Ante omnia is plain Latin, but 
become a Spanifti phrale in common 
vSs ; before all things. 

Antepassa'do, gone before ; an 
anceftor, a predeceflor. 

Antepe'cho, any thing to lean 
one's breaft againft to look over ; a 
parapet of a wall, or the rail of a íjal- 
cony, or the like. 

A N^r E p E N s a'd o, premeditated, 
thought on before. 

Antepensa'r, to premeditate, to 
think oa before. 

Antepenúltimo, the laft but two. 

Antepone'r, Prxf. Antepongo, an- 
tepones, antepone ; Prxt. Antepufe, an- 
tepiifíjle, antepúfo ; Fut. Antepondré, 
antepondrás, ajitepondra ; to preter, or 
fet before. Lat. anteponcrc. • i 

Anteponga, Antepongo, vía. Ante- 

Anteforta'l, the Ipace before the 
porch of a houfe, or other ftrudure. 

Antepue'rta, a piece of tapiftry, 
or any other hanging to hang before a 

Antepue'sto, prefcrr'd, fot before. 

Antepuse, antepujit'ra, antepujtcjfe, 
vid. Anteponer. 

Anteque'ra, a city in the pro- 
vince of Andaliizia in Spain, fcatcd 
partly on a riling ground, and partly 
on a plain, eneompafs'd with an old 



wollj has an old cañle, and is inhabit- 
ed by 7000 families, befides much gen- 
try, in lix parillies, one of them a col- 
legiate church, eleven monafteries of 
men, feven of women, one great ho- 
fpital, eleven chapels of eafe, and three 
jjublick fchools. It was antiently call'd 
SingjHa ; the prefent name is Arabick, 
and lignifies viftorious and great. There 
it alfo a city of this name, which is 
the metropolis of the province of Giia- 
xáca in the kingdom of New Spain in 
North Amerita.' It is a bifhoprick, and 
fuffragan to the archbiflibp of Mexico. 

Anterior, precedent, going be- 

A'ntes, before. Lat. ante. 

Arites (¡tie, before chat. 

Antesa'la, an antechamber, an 
outward room before the room of flate. 

Antesale'ta, a little antechamber. 

Antever, to foreice. Lar. ayite- 

Antevisto, forefeen. 

Anteygle'sia, the churchyard, or 
fpace before the church. 

Anticipación, anticipation, pre- 

Antici pa'do, anticipated, pre- 
vented . 

AnticipadÓr, one that prevents 
or anticipates. 

Antjcipa'r, to anticipate or pre- 
vent. Lat. anticifio. 

Antic o, or Antiquo, antient. 

Anticue'scos, large breeches for- 
merly worn in Spain. 

Antidoto, an antidote, a prefer- 
vative againft poiibn. Greek, from 
anti, againft, and didomi, to give. 

Antifa'z, any thing that is worn 
before the face, commonly taken for a 
fine traniparent piece of iilk people in 
Spain ride with, hanging before their 
face to keep off the duft and fun. 

AntÍiona, an antiphon. Greek, 
«nil and phcne, voices one anfwering 
the other. 

A^TJÍGUA, one of the Caribbe iflands 
in America, 6 or 7 leagues long and 
broad, lying between X)p/f<íí/<i and £<»»•- 

Antigua'do, antiquated. 

Antigua'llas, antiquities, pieces 
of antiquity. 

Antiguame'nte, antiently. 

Antiguamie'nto, antiquating or 

Antigua'r, to antigúate, to abo- 

Antigua'rio, an antiquary. 

Antigueda'b, antiquity. Lac. an- 

Antigvo, antieut. 

A N T 

Antigijo'nes, pieces of antiquity. 

Antiguo'r, Obf. antiquity. 

Antillas, the Caribbe illands in 
America, being a great number of fmall 
iilands, the number not known, but 
reaching from the coaft of Paria to the 
iiland of Fti:rto Rico. 

Antihio'nio, antimony. 

Antiochi'a, there arc feveral cities 
in Afia of this name, but to ipcak of 
them does not belong to us, only of 
that in the IVeji Indies, or America, 
which is a fmall city in the govern- 
ment of Pcpayan in South America, at a 
diilance from the river Cauca, or of 
Santa Marta, up che in-land, far from 
the fea, and is 1 5 leagues from Santa 

Antipa'ra, any covering to hang 
bcfjre thinps tj preferve them ; alfo a 
fort cf buskins worn by harvell men, 
that the corn may not prick their legs ; 
a leather apron. 

Antipatía, antipathy, a natural 
avcrlion to any thing. Greek, anii, 
contrary, and pathe, affeition. 

AnTIPHONA, YJd. A7ltij'07ia. 

Antipodes, the Antipodes, or peo- 
ple that live in that part of the world 
which is diredly under our Greek, 
anti & pons, oppolite feet, becaufc 
their feet are diredly oppofite to ours. 

Antiqua'rio, \'\á. Aiitigui'irio. 

ANTIQ.UÍSSIMO, very antient, or 
moft antient. 

Antiye'r, before yeilerday. 

Antoja'do, iong'd for, or that 
longs for. 

Antojadizo, one that longs for 
every thing he fees. 

Antoja'r, to long for, to fancy. 

Antojo, a longing, as a woman 
with child does, a fancy. 

Antojo de larga vífta, a profpeítive- 

Antojo de cien ii^'Jlas, a. multiplying- 

Antojos, Ipeílaclcs. From ante 
ojos, before the eyes. 

Antonomasia, a figure in rheto- 
rick, when another name is ufed in- 
ftead of that which is proper to a man 
or thing. From the Greek anti and 
onoma, for the name, or a contrary 

Antorcha, a torch or a flambeau. 

Antorcha'do, made like a torch, 
or dropp'd with a torch ; alio wreath- 
ed or twilled. 

ANTRoporAGO,aman-eater. Greek, 
anthropofagiis ; the h is left out, as is 
ufual in Spanifh. 

Antropomoreítas, a fort of he- 
rcticks vjho bdieved God to be mate- 

A N X 

rial, snd have a human body, and 
I Were therefore calFd antl.yopomcr¡ih.t<e, 
I from the Greek antlrcpos, man, and 
ynorpl.e, form. The h is left out ac- 
' cording to Spanifli cuftom. The Mug- 
' glctonians are fjch htreticks, for they 
alfirm God to be corporeal. 

Antrue'jo, flirovttide. This word 
is obfoktL-,and now ufed 3X Salamanca. 

Antrúydo, idem ; only ufed in 
fome villaKS. The Poitiijuefes call it 

Antubión, or Antuvión, prcvcnc- 
ing another, or being too quick for 
him ; as, yugar de antuvien, upon a 
falling out to give tlie iirft ííroke, or 
wound another by furprizc. 

Antuvia'r, to prevent, to furprize ; 
in cant, to firike firft. 

Antuvio, vid. Antiíb':m. 

An tye'r, the day before yeilerday. 
A N U 

Anua'l, yearly, 

AÑÚEIS, Mercury^ worfllipp'd by the 
Egyptians under the form of a dog, as 
the word anuhis lignifies in that lan- 
guage, becaufe a dog was counted the 
cunningell of all creatures. 

Anubla'do, clouded ; alfo blafted. 

Anuhl.'ívfe el cicL', is for the sky 10 
grow cloudy. From nilbe, a cloud. 

j'nublarfe él trigo, i% for the corn to 
be blafted , 

Anuda'do, knotted. 

Anudadór, one that knots. 

Anudadura, knotting. 

Anuda'r, to knot. From mido, a 

Anudárfe la garganta, not to be able 
to fpeak for trouble or concern. 

Anudar en los efiiidics, to make no 
progreis in one's Itudies. 

Anula'do, annulled, made void. 

Anula'r, to annul, to make void^ 
From the Latin niilliis, void. 

Anve'res, the famous city Antwerp 
in the province of Brabant in the Lew 

Anumera'do, added to the number. 

Anumera'r, to add to the number. 

Anunciación, a declaration, or 
notification ; and thence the feait nf 
the Annunciation of our Lady, b^ing 
the 15 th o: March. 

Anuncia'do, declared, noti.lcd,. 
made known. 

A N u N c I a M I e'n T o , \- i d . Anunciación. 

Anuncia'r, CO declare, to norify, 
to maix known. Very often taken, 
for bringing ill news. 

Anuncio, a prcfage or warning. 
of fome ill to follow. 
A N X 

Anxe'o, viJ.^yV'.;. 

A N Z 


A N Z 

Anze'l, Obf. a icfolütion, a de- 
cree or liccillon of wife men. Arabick. 

An2l RMA, a city in the province 
of Pop.nivi in Soirtb Amerkii, on the 
great river S.wta Marta, between the 
cities of Pc^iJj.twand S.v.ta Fe ikAntio- 

Aniola'do, caught wi:h a fifli- 

Anzola'r, to catch on a fifh-hook. 

Anzole'Jo, a fmall fiih-hook. 

A.N'Zt/BlA'nO, vid. jltlZoláíh, 

Anzuila'r, via. Anzolitr. 
Anzul'lo, a fiih-hook. 
Tragar el anZÁiélo, to fwallow the 
fifli-hook i or, as we fay, to iwallow 
the bait, when a man greedily lays 
hold of what is laid to do him harm. 

Rof'r el iDiziu.'o, to gnaw oft the 
hook, that is, to efcape the bait. 

P/ en elanzneh, to leap at the bait, 
to fufler one's felf to be eiilnared. 
A O A 
Aoa'o, an adverb of calling at a 

A O C 
Aoca'do, made hollow. 
Aoca'r, Pr.rf. To Ahueco, Prxt. Ao- 
quc, to make hollow. From ¡.uéco¡ 

A O J 
Aoja'dq, fafciuated, Icok'd on with 
an ill eye. 

AojadoRj One that bewitches with 
his i.yi.i. 

AojADiiRA, bewitching or faicina- 
tine, doing n.ilchief with the looks, 
Aojamil'nto, idem. 
Aoja'r, to bewitch, or do niifchief 
with only looking. From o'/o/, the 
eyes. To look upon any one with an 
evil eye, which fuperflitious people be- 
lieve can do them harm. 
A O R 
AÓRA, now. 

Aára poco, a little while ííncc. 
A ÓRC A, a fea-term, to llgiiify fail- 
•ing upon a bowling. 

Aorma'r, vid. 

A O S 
Aosa'das, boldly, audacioufly; al- 
fo purpofcly. 

A P A 
Apacenta'do, fed, graz'dj put 
into pafture. 

Apacentador, one that feeds, or 
•that grazes, or carries to pafture. 

_ Apacentamie'nto, feeding, gra- 
zing, putting into pafture. 

Apaclnta'r, PrxH To Apaciento, 
Prit. Apacenté ; to feed, graze, put 
into pálure i ufed alfo in a fpiritual 


Apaches, a mighty people or na- 
tion on the well liue of North America, 
in above 5 5 degrees of north latitude, 
being pait of the kingdom of i*w Aie- 
xico, divided by the Spaniards, who 
have ilibdutd them, into four nations, 
and fecured with levcral caftles built 
among them.' 

Ai'AciELE, meek, plcafing to all 
pcrfons, calm. 

Apacie'nto, vid. Apaccnitr. ^ 

Apacigua'do, appeafed, quieted, 

Apacigua'r, to appeafe, quiet, or 

ApadRina'do, feconded, back'd, 

Apadrin.-v'r, to fecond, to back, 
to llipport. Vtom padrino, a Godfather, 
or a lecond, 

Apaga'do, quench'd, or appeafed. 

Apagador, one that quenches, or 
exting'iilhus, or appeafes. 

Apaga.mib'nio, quenching, excin- 
guifliing, or appealnig. 

Apa'ga'r, to quench, to cxtinguilli, 
to appeafe, or pacify. 
■ Apague', vid. Apagar. 

Apalabrado, that has given his 
word, or is ingaged ; alio fpoken to. 

Apalaer.^'r, to give one's word, 
to engage ; alfo to fpeak to. From 
palabra, a \\-ord. 

Apala'chls, a great nation of In- 
dians, and a vaft ridge of mountains 
in the province oí Florida in Sortb A- 
merica, north-weft of Carolina, 

Apalea'do, cudgell'd, beaten with 
a flick. 

Apaleador, one that beats with a 

Apaleador de fardhias, a cant word, 
iignifying a gallcy-llave. \Vc call an 
element beater. 

Apaleaaiil'nto, a cudgelling. 

Apalea'r, to cudgel, or beat. 
From pah, a flick. 

Apandillar, a íbrt of cant word, 
iignifying to pack the cards, being the 
fame as hax.ér pandilia. 

Apaniaguado, maintain'd, kept, 

Apaniagua'r, to maintain, keep, 
or feed. From pan y i^gua, bread and 
water, which denotes meat and drink. 

ApaSa'do, Obf taken, or grafp'd. 

Apañador, Obf he that takes or 

Apañamie'nto, Obf. taking, or 

Apaña'r, Obf. to take, or grafp. 

Apano, Obf. taking up, or grafp- 

Apa'r, n^ar, clofe by, by the fide, 



Apara'do, prepar'd, made ready_, 
catch'd in the hands. 

Aparador, a fide-board table ; al- 
io a drelfer in a kitchen. 

Apara'r, to prepare, to provide 
and make ready ; alfo to hold up the 
hands, or other thing, to catch wha: 
is tois'd. From the Latin paro, to 

Apara'to, preparation, proviiion, 
furniture, grandeur. Lat. apparatus. 

Aparcería, partneríhip in trade, 
or the like. From the Lat.^;*w. 

Aparce'ro, a partner. 

Aparea'do, pair'd, coupled. 

Apareado R, one that pairs or 

A p A R E A D Í! R A, or Apareamiento, 
pairing, or coupling. 

Aparea'r, to pair, to couple. 
From par, a pair. 

Aparlcedor, one that appears or 
comes in light, or one that feems or 
has a refemblancc. 

Aparece'r, to appear, to come in- 
to fight, to be found. Latin appa- 

Aparecido, that has appcar'd, or 
is come in light, found. 

Aparecimie'nto, an appearance, 
a reiemblanCEj coming in fight. 

A pared en me'dio, the next 
houfe, which is only parted by a wall. 

Apareja'do, prepared, provided, 
drefi'd, ready. 

Aparejador, one that prepares, 
provides, drelfes, or makes ready. 

Apareja'r, to make ready, to pre- 
pare, provide, or drefs. 

Apl're'jas, equally, alike, by pairs. 
Two words, a and parejas, 

Apare'jo, preparation, provifion, 

Apare'jo Rea'l, a fea-term ; our 
failors call it the garnet, which is a 
tackle, wherewith they hoife in all 
casks and goods, if they be not too 
heavy, as great ordnance, or thf like. 

Aparella'r, Obf. w\¿. Aparejar." 

Apare'ncia, vid. Apariencia. 

Apare'ncias, the fcenes in a play- 
houfe, or other ihows reprefenting 
things, but without life or motion. 

ApaRenta'do, vid. emparentad». 

Aparenta'r, vid. emparentar, 

Apare'nte, apparent, evident, 

Aparenteíie'nte, apparently, C-. 

AparescedÓr, vid. AparecedJr. 

Aparesce'r, vid. Aparecer. 

APARESCÍDO, vid. Aparecido, 

ApAREsciMifi'NTO, ñi. Aparecimi- 



Aparía, a territory in the kingdom 
of Peru in South Anarúa, near the ri- 
ver of the Amazons. 

APARit'NciA, appearance, likeli- 

Aparroq,uia'do ; as, Tienda hién 
aparroquiada, a well cuftomM ñiop. 

Apartadame'nte, feparately, di- 
fiindly, feverally. 

Apartamie'nto, fevering, remov- 
ing, fetting ailde or far oft". 

Apartadijo, or Apartadizo, a place 
apart, a divilion or feparatiou, a by- 
place to lay things out of the way, 

Aparta'do, feparate, remote, di- 
ülná, fee apart, or fet far o6f. 

Apartador, one that parts or fe- 
parates, or puts away, but more pecu- 
liarly ufed among thofe that deal in 
wool, who feparate four or five forts 
of it. 

Aparta'dos, the little boxes the 
printers letters lie in for compofing, or 
any other fuch nefts divided from one 

Apartamie'nto, a fevering, part- 
ing, or fetting afunder ; the parting of 
two peribns. 

Aparta'r, or Apartárfe, to part, to 
be divorced, to feparate, to fet afide. 

Apartar ¡a gente, to make room in a 

Apartárfe de la querella, to let fall a 

Apartárfe de lo concertado, to "go from 
■one's bargain. 

Apa'rte, apart, afide. 

Apascenta'do, fed, graz'd, put 
into paflure. . 

Apascentadór, one that feeds, 
. grazes, or puts into pafture. 

Apascenta'r, to feed, graze, or 
put into pafture. From the Ldit. pafco. 

Apassionadame'nte, paflionately, 

Apassiona'do, paffionate, in pain 
or trouble ; alfo partial. 

Apassiona'r, to put into a pafllon, 
to vex or put to pairt, to be partial. 

AJatúsco, Obf an ornament of 
feveral jewels or bawbles to hang a- 
bout the neck. 

Apazieilida'd, calmnefs, mcek- 
nefs, ftillncfs, pleafantnefs. 

^Apazíele, calm, meek, pleafant, 

Apazieleme'nte, calmly, meekly, 
pleafantly, ftilly. 

Apazigua'do, pacified, appeafcd, 

Apaziguadór, a peace-maker, an 

APAZiGt;A'R, to pacify, to appeafe, 
to ^uiet. From pat, peace. . 



A'p E, an Indian word for a great 
commander among them. 

Apea'do, alighted ; alfo conceived 
or comprehended. 

Apeadores, perfons appointed to 
adjuft the bounds of lands. 

Apeamie'nto, alighting, difmonnt- 
ing ; alfu conceiving or comprehend- 

Apea'r, to alight or difmount; alfo 
to coiicive or comprehend ; as, Ns 
pHcdo apear para que fe hito tal cofa, I 
cannot conceive what fuch a thing was 
done for. - 

Ape/lrfe, to alight from a horfe, &€. 
met. to fall frum preferment. 

Apear el río, to be able to pais a ri- 
ver afoot, or to ford it. 

Apear heredades, to fix or fettle the 
bounds of lands. 

A pe'chos, as. Tomar a pechos, to 
take a thing upon one, to take charge 
of it, to take it into a man's own 

Apechuga'do, clafp'd, or prefs'd 
clofe to the breaft ; or that has hold of 
the wing of a fowl, or the like. 

Apechuga'r, to clafp or grafp clofe 
breaft to breaft. From pecho, the breaft. 
Alfo to take hold by the wings, and 
then from pechuga, the wing of a 

A peda'^os, by piece-meal, 

Apedre'a, hail ; alfo throwing of. 

Apedrea'do, flon'd ; alio fpoilt 
with the hail. 

ApedreadÓr, one that is always 
throwing ftones. 

A P E d R E a'r, to ftone, or fling 
ftones ; alfo to hail, or fpoil with hail. 
From piedra, a ftone. As, 

Las viñas fe apedrearon, the vine- 
yards were Ipoü'd with a itorm of hail. 

Apega'do, fluck, cleav'd, or faft- 
ned to. 

Apegamie'nto, fticking, cleaving, 
or faftning to. 

Apegar, Prcef To Apego, Pr.xt. Ape- 
gué ; to flick, to cleave, to cling. 

Apegue', vid. Apegar. 

Apelación, an appeal.'nte, he that appeals. 

Apela'r, to appeal. Lat, appello. 

Apelar el enfermo, when a iick man 
is given over by phyficians and reco- 

Apelda'r, Obf. to fly, to make an 
efcape. From the Greek apeleujis, de- 

Ape'lde, Obf. an efcape. 

Apellida'do, call'd upon. 
1 ArEiLiDA'Rj to call upon, to call 


for aíTiftancc ; to cry for fuch a party 
or failion. 

Apellído, a iiu'name, taken either 
from the place where a gentleman's 
ellate lay, as Cújlro, horn the town of 
that name; or from a place taken from 
the enemy, as Avila, bccaufc that fami- 
ly took it from the Moors ; or from the 
place where they were born, ziGalligo, 
from being natives of Galicia ; or from 
being defcended of kings, as CafiiUa ; 
from beads, a Lobo , from proper names, 
as Ltipet, from Lope, &c. All thefe, ex- 
cept fuch as come from proper names 
and places of birth, have generally the 
article de prefixt, fignifying of; as D. 
yuan de Caflro, D. Diego de Toledo, Sic, 
And thefe are all diiiinguiflr'd from 
thofe furnames they call Alciiiias, as 
may be fcen verb. Alcilña. Apellida 
in a military fenle is fometimes taken 
for the word. 

Prov. El mas ruyn del apellido, da 
mayor vot por fer oydo í The bafeft of 
the furname makes the greateft noife to 
be heard. That is, the worft people 
are always more noiiy and loud. 

Apellu/a'do, moulded into a mais. 

Apelluza'r, to mould into a mais. 
From péUa, a mais. 

Apelmaza'do, iquatted, fqueez'd, 
flatted together ; alio lazy. 

Apelmaza'r, to iquat, fqueeze, or 
flat together, to mould witih the hands 
or feet ; alfo to grow or rriakc lazy. 
From the Greek pelma, the fole of the 

A PE'LO,fit to a hau-,cxaíl,juñ,even. 

Apelo ayúfo, down the hair, or with 
the hair. 

Apilo arriba, up the haii'> or againil 
the hair. 

Ape'nas, icarcely, hardly, barely. 

Ape'ndice, an appendix, Lat, ap- 

APEN'is'O, theAppenine mountain, 
which runs all the'}engthofl/<i//, ami 
divides it into two parts. 

Ape'o, the fettling the bounds of 

Aj|eona'r, to run on the grounJj 
a term properly of fportCnen for birdsj 
and eipecially partridges. 

Aperador. Obf. a labourer. 

Apercebído, prepared, provided, 

Aperceeír, To Apercibo, to prepai-e, 
provide, warn. 

Apercevido, vid. Apercebido. 

ApercevÍr, vid. Apercebir. 

Apercieimie'nto, preparation^ 
provifion, warning. 

ApeRdiga'do, ibroil'd ; alio a re- 
proach caft upon thofe that have been 

I ¿M 

A P I 

in thcjuquilition, as if they haJ been 
fcorch'd, that ii, narrow ly cfcaped bc- 
111^ burnt ; alio linged. 

^Apirdiga'k, to broil, to finge. 

ApLRiTivoj any medicine that is 

Apl'ro, all the furniture or harnefs 
for bcalb that work in the country ; 
alio the tools belonging to any trade. 
From the Lat. paro, to prepare. It is 
aifo a flock of ihecp, or a lhecp-fo!d 

APKRRtA bo, dogged, lliarp, biting; 
alfo ill ufed, as we fay, ufv.d liku a 

ApeRRüa'rse, to grow dogged, 
fliarp, and biting ; alfo to tire, to vex 
one's felf. From p.'rro, a dog. 

Aphrrocha'do, that has good cu- 
flom in felling. 

Aperrocha'r, to have good cuftom 
in felling ; alfo to become a parifliio- 

APEK^OMAno, as, B¡¿n aperfonadci, 
one that has a good prcfence. 

Ap'esa'r, iiifpightof. Two words, 
a and pefár, to one's forrow. 

Apesarado, forrowful, griev'd. 

Apesara'r, to grieve, to trouble. 
From pefúy, grief. 

Apesga'do, fqueez'd, weigh'd, or 
prefs'd 6at. 

ApESGA.MiE'hiTOjfqueezing, weigh- 
ing, or preiOng flat. 

Apesga'ji, Praf. To Apéfgo, Vvst. 
Apefgué ; to fqueezc, weigh, or nrefs 

Apesgue', v\i. Afefgúr. 

A P E s T a'd o, infected with the 

APESTA'R,to infeft with the plague. 
Thence to poifon with a ftench. From 
péjle, the plague. 

Apetice'r, to have an appetite or 
defircfor a thing, to covet, or long for. 
From the Lat. appeto. 

Apetecible, th«t' which excites 
the appetite, whicfcis to be coveted or 

Avi.i'i'Ri.^, \\íí. Apetecible. 

Apetito, appetite, defire, cove- 

Apetitoso, to bé coveted ot de- 
lir'd, a thing that cxciteth the appe- 
tite; alio one that has. a fancy for eve- 
ry thing he fees. 

Apetóas, a nation of Indians of 
Brazil m South America, 

A P H 
ApHORÍSMO, an aphoriiin, a'fliort 

determinative fentence. Greek, 

A P I 
Apiada'do, that has taken compaf- 
ijoii or pitvj or become tender hearted. 


Apiada'r, to take pity, to have 
compallion, or to move pity or com- 
paiUon. FíompieiiáH, mercy. 

Apia'stro, the herb call'd crows- 

A'piCE, a jot, a tittle, the leaft 
thing that may be. 

Apila'do, heap'd, thrufl, or mould- 
ed together. 

Apua'r, to heap, thruft, or mould 
together. From the Greek pileo, to 
condenfe or llreightcn for room. 

Apil^^rfe la gcTte, is for people to 
run into a throng. 

Apila'sco, gold cad into Large in- 

Apiña'do, clung, or flicking clofe 

^\piña'r, to cling, nick, or run 
clofe together, to clofe as hard as a 
pine-apple. From piiia, a pine-apple. 

A'p 1 o, fmallage, or water-parlley. 

Apiolado, ty'd or held down by 
the foot. 

Apiola'r, to tie or hold down by 
the foot. From pié, the foot. 

A P1Q.UE, upon the point, juft rea- 
dy, upon the brink. As, A pique de 
perdérfe, upon the brink of perdition. 

Apitón, the bud of a flower before 
it blolloms. 

Apitona'do, budded ; alio paflio- 
nate, hafty, or furious. 

Apitonamie'nto, budding ; alfo 
paiPion, haftinefs, or fury. 

Apitona'rse, tobe fo enraged as 
not to know what one does. From 
pythoniciis, raving. 

A P L 

Aplaca'do, appeafed. 

Apla^a'do, appointed a day for 
?ny bufineis, warn'd to a day. 

Aplaca'r; To Aplaco, Prst. Aplaqué, 
to appeafe, or pacify. From the La- 
tin placar. 

Aplaca'r, to appoint a day, to 
warn to a day. From placo, a iet 

Aplace'r, to pleafe. 'L^t. placeré. 

A place'r, or Aplaz.ér, when two 
words, is at pleafure. 

APLACÍBL.E, pleafing, delightful. 

Aplana'do, made fra'ooth, or beat- 
en flat. 

Aplana'r, to make fmooth , or 
beat flax. 

Aplac!.ue'j \\A. Aplacar. 

Aplaudido, applauded. 

Aplaudir, :o applaud. 

Apla'uso, applaufe, approbation. 
Lat. applanfus, clapping of hands, 

Aplaza'do, vid. Aplacado, 

Aplaza'r, vid. Apia far, 

Avl-Ml'r, to pleafe. 

A P O 

Aplazera'do, in the.langirage of 
the fea, (¡gnifics a place that is Ihoal- 
watcr, a great flat in the fea. 

Aplazma'do, made fmooth, 

Aplazma'r, to make fmooth. 

Aplicación, application; 

Aplicade'rOj that may be applied. 

Aplica'do, apply'd. 

Apli^adór, one that applies. 

Aplica'k, Pra;f. To Aplico, PrEC» 
Apliqué ; to apply. Lat. applico, 

Apll-Que', vid. Aplicar. 

Aploma'do, heavy as lead, leaded, 
like lead, dull, or lumpifli ; alio up- 
right or perpendicular. 

A PLOMA R, to cover or ibulder with 
lead ; alio to fet upright or perpendi- 
cular with a plummet. From plomo, 


Apoca, an acquittance or difchargej 
A word fcarce ufed in Caftile, but com- 
mon in the kingdom oí Aragón, From 
the Greek apache, a receipt. 

Apocado, made little, or of fmall 
valucj. lelfen'd, of little worth ; alfo a 
mean ipirited man. 

Apocaly'psi, the apocalypfe or re- 
velation of S. ycfe. Greek. 

ApocAMiE'NYo, lelTening ; alio 
meanneis of ijjirit. 

Apocar,. Prxf. To Apoco, Pra-t, A' 
poqué ; to leflenjto make fmall account 
of, or undervalue ; to become mean 
fpiiited. From ^liVü, a little. 

Apócima, a decoétion, vulgarly us'd 
for any medicine. Greek apozema. 

Apócrifo, or Apo'cripho, apocryphal, 
which is not quite certain, or of full 
authority. Greek. ■ 

Apod-a'do, reflcifted on, jelled at, • 

ApodadÓr, one that is full of jeils 
and biting words. 

Apodamil'nto, a reflection or jeil. 

Afoda'r, to rcflcft on, to jcil up- 
on another, to ufe witty iharp expref-, 

Apodo, a witty jeil or refledlion 
upon another. 

Apodera'do, that has taken JoiTef- 
fion, polfeis'd of. ■ 

Apouera'r, or Apoderárfe, to take 
or give power or poikflion, to enable 
to polleis. From poder, power. 

Apoge'o, the apogcum, being the 
point in heaven where a planet is moil 
remote from the earth. 

Apoia'r, rid. Apoyar. 

Apolilla'do, moth-eaten. 

Apolilladura, the eating, or the 
hole made by a motji. 

Apolilla'rse, to be moth-eaten, 
Viom poliUa, a moth.' 

ApoLOj the heathen Cod'ApoUo. 


A P o 

Apología, an apology. Greek. 

Apólogo, a fable, a «le, in which 
wc make birds, beaiis, and things in- 
animate to fpeak.. Greek. 
. Apophte'oma, fee Apothégma. 

Apoplexi'a, an apoplexy or flupi- 
fyim.; diftemper, which -caKs a man as 
it x^jre into a dead fleep, quite out of 
all Lis fenfes, of which many die fud- 

Apoque', vid. Apocar. 

Aporca''do, dug in ridges.or little 
hillocks, or made in trenches. 

Aporcadura, railing ridges or hil- 
locks, or making lictlc trenches. 

Aporca'r, Prxi". TeApu-rco, Pra:t. 
Aporqué ; to make little ridges, to 
throw up earth about plants to keep the 
roots warm, or make little furrows to 
drain away the water. 

A P o R F 1 A, contentioufly, vying, 
ilriving to outdo one another. 

Aporrea'do, beaten. 

Aporreadi'ira, a beating. 

Aporrea'r, to beat, iiomporra, 
a club. 

Aporc5;i7e', \\A. Aporcar, 

Aporta'do, arrived. 

Aportade'ro, a landing-place. 

Aportamie'nto, arriving. 

Aporta'r, to arrive. From puerto, 
a fea-port. 

Aportilla'do, broken or batter'd. 

Aportilla'r, to break open, or 
batter down, to make a breach.* From 
púrtiUo, a little breach. 

Apose'ma, a phyiical potion, a 
decodion. Greek. 

Aposenta'dOj lodged, quarter'd, 

Aposentador, a harbinger. 

Apofeiitadm de exercho, a quarter- 

Aposentamie'nto, a lodging or 

Aposenta'r, To Apofiénto, to lodge, 
to quarter. 

Apofctitar árboles, to plant trees in 

Aposentíllo, a little chamber. 

Apose'nto, a chamber, lodging, 
or quarters. 

Apofénto de >¡Jo, a dock where fiiips 
are built ; alfo a cabbin in a flrip. 

A pospe'lo, againft the hail- or 

Apossessiona'do, put into poííef- 

.'Ipossessionamie'ntOj putdng in- 
to pofleffion. 

Apossessiona'r, to put into pof- 
feffion. From pojfejfw», a word little 

ApóJTa, purpofely, defignedly. 


Aposta'do, laid, wager'd. 

Apostaajie'ntos, Obf furniture, 
or ornaments. 

Aposta'r, to lay a wager ; alio to 
poll a centinel or body ot men. 

Apostasia, apoUafy, renouncing 
one's religion. Greek. 

Apóstata, an apódate, one that 
renounces his religion. 

Apostata'r, to apoftarize, to re- 
nounce one's religion. 

Aposte'ma, an impofthume, a ga- 
thering of ill humours, Greek. 

Apostemación, idem. 

Apostema'dOj impofihumatcd. 

Apostema'r, to grow to an impoft- 

Apóstol, an apoftle. Greek apojio- 
¡OS, a meffenger. 

Apostolado, apoftleíhip. 

Apostólico, apoftolical, or be- 
longing to the apofiles. 

Apostrofe, or Apdjircphe, a fgurc 
v/hen we turn our difcourfe from thoft 
we ipeak to, to the abfent. Alfo a 
dafh with the pen, being a note of 
cutting oft a letter, as when we write 
believ d, for believed. Greek. 

Apostura, hand-íbmneís, comeli- 

Apothe'gma, an apothegm, a ihort 
witty faying. Greek. 

Apoya'dOj maintain'd, fupported, 

Apoyar, to maintain, fupport, or 

Apoyo, fupport, a prop. 

Apoyomati, a plant in Florida, 
which the Indians bruife and rub their 
bodies with, which they fay ftrength- 
ens their limbs, and both they and the 
Spaniards drink it powder' d in wine 
for the grices. 


Aprecia'ble, valuable. 

Apreciando, prized, valu'd, rated. 

Apreciador, a prizer, one that 
fets a rate or value on goods. 

ApREciADi'iRA, prizing, valuing, or 
fetting a rate. 

Aprecia r, to prize, to value, to 
fet a rate. From precio, a price. 

Apre'cio, price, value, efteem. 

Apregona'do, cry'd. Vid. Prego- 

Apregona'r, to cry. Vid. Pre- 

Aprehende'r, to apprehend, to 
conceive ; alfo to fufpeft or be appre- 
henfive, to lay hold of. Lat. appre- 

Aprehendedór, one that appre- 
hends, conceives, or is apprehenfive. 

Aprehendídoj apprehendedj con- 


ceiv'd, fear'd; alfo taken, laid hold 

Aprlhen'siók, apprehcnííon, con- 
ceit, or taking. 

. Apremiado, forced, conilraincd, 

Apremiador, one that forces or 

Apremiadura, force, compulfion. 
A barbarous word. 

Apremia'r, to force, to compel. 
From the Lat. f (■«««•?, topreis. 

Apre'mio, force, compuliion. 

Aprende'r, to learn. From the 
Lm. prendere, to lay hold. 

Aprendiz, an apprentice. 

Prov. Aprendiz de Portugal no fabe 
cozér, y quiere cortar : A Portugueíé 
apprentice knows not how to few, and 
would cutout. This they fay to any 
conceited pcrfbn, that would do mat- 
ters of ditiiculty before he can perform 
what is eafy. It is to exprefs the con- 
ceited humour of that nation, 

Aprendiza'sgo, an apprenticefhip, 

Aprens.4'do, prefs'd. 

Aprensador, a prefler. 

Aprensa'r, toprefs, Fi'ora pre'nfa, 
a prcfs. 

Apre's, Obf, next to, after, French 

Apresa'do, taken, made prize of. 

Apresa' R, to take, make prize of. 

Afresta'do, prepared, made ready. 

Aprestadór, one that prepares or 
makes ready. 

Aprestadúra, preparing, or mak- 
ing ready. 

Apresta'r, to prepare, to make 
ready. From tl^e Lx.prejio, ready. 

Apresura'do, hafty. 

Apresuradór, one that haftens. 

Apresuradame'nte, haftily. 

Apresuramie'nto, hailing. 

Apresura'r, or Aprejfurar, to haf- 
ten, or make hafte. From ptiéjfa, 

ly, forcibly. 

A P R E T a'd o, fque.ez'd, preis'J, 
flreightncd, forc'd. Alfoa^iifer, one 
that is hard bound, 

Apretado'n, the can: word for a 

Apretado'r, a woman's girdle ; 
alfo a lilver or gold wire they wore ou 
their head. 

Apretadura, or Apretamiento, a 
fqueezing, preffing, ftreightning, 

Apreta^nte, in cant, is a iharper 
at play, who lets his cully win a while, 
and then iqueezes him. 

Apreta'r, Xo Aprieto ; to fquceze, 
prefs, ftreighten, or clofe. 

I i Apretar, 


Jfritír la máw, to be c!ofc fiflcd. 
AlHtar las ji'mbai, to gire a horfc 

tight. -, 

ApRfToN, a fuddcn prelTing exi- 
gency ; aHb a ihort fwift race. 

Apretura, lirtightiufs, a throng, 
and prcffing circuuiHancc. 

Apriiss.a, liañily, quickly. 

APRit'ro, Verb. \\¿. jlfretar. 

Aprie'to, SiM. a danger, a prcf- 
fing circumllancc, a ditficuky. 

Aprisca'do, put into a fticepfüKl. 

ApRisca'r, to put intoa ftitcpfold. 

Aprisco, a ibeepfold. 

Aprisiona'iw, impriion'd, fctter'd. 

AprisioNa'r, to ¡mprifon, to fetter. 
Trom prijicn, a priion, and priJlo»es, 

AprÍso, Obr \\¿. ylprifco. 

Aprobación, approbation, con- 
fent, liking. 

Aproe a'd o, approved, allowed, 

Aproba'r, To Apruebo, to approve, 
to allow, to confenc to, to like. Lat. 

Aproches, the approaches at a (lege, 
wliich are all the works carried on to- 
Wai:ds the place befieged ; as the trench- 
es,, the cpaulmenrs without trenches, 
«doubts, places of arms, fappe, galle- 
lies, and lodgments. French. 

APRopiNciuA'no, drawa near, ap- 

Apropincí.ua'r, to approach, to 
ajraw near. Lat. apprapmquare. 

Apropriación, appropriation, ap- 
plying, adapting. 

Apro-pri.a'do, appropriated, ap- 
plied, adapted, fitted. 

Apropria'r, to appropriate, apply, 
Jtdapt, fit. Lar. appnpiare. 

A'pR.o, a boar. Lat. aper. Uied 
only by poets. 

AprovaciÓn, \iá. jíprohadón. 

Aprova'do, vid. Aprobado, 

Aprova'r, vid. Aprobar. 

Aprovecha'do, made ufe of, or 
put to fome profitable ufe ; alfo faving. 

Aprovechamie'nto, profit, gain, 

Afrovecha'r, to fave, to improve, 
to put to good ufe, to profit. From 
frcváho, profit. 

Aproximación, approaching, or 
¿rawing near. 

Aproxuia'do, approached, drawn 

Aproxima'r, to approach, to draw 
near. Lzt. approximare. 

Aprue'be, or Aprue've, AprH(ho¡ or 
.Spruévo; vid. «probar. 

A PRvs'vA, upontryalv 

A P U 


Aptitud, aptncfi, rcadincfi, capa 
city. Lat. fíptittido. 

A'pTo, apt, ready, capable. Lat. 


A P U 

Apue'sta, a wager. 

Ai-ue'sto, graceful, handibm, neat. 

Apuña'do, gnifp'J in the fill. 

ApüÑADÚRA, grafping in the fift. ■ 

ApuSa'r, to gralp in the fill. From 
puño, the fiii. 

Apu.sea'do, beaten or buffeted with 
the fill. 

Apuñeadúra, a beating or buffet- 
ing with the fift. 

Apuxea'r, to beat or buffet with 
the fill. From puño, the fift. 

Apuñe tea'dOj beaten with the fift. 

A PUÑETE a' r, to beat with the fill. 
From pt'i'io, the fill. 

Apuñuscado, grip'd roughly in the 
fift ; thence rumpled or fqueez'd toge- 

Apuñusca'r, to gripe roughly in 
the fift ; and thence to rumple or 
fqueeze together. From piifio, the fift. 

Apunta'bo, pointed out, appoint- 
ed, or mark'd. . 

Apuntador, an obferver, one that 
points out or direds, or one that takes 
notice of faults. In cant, a fliarper 
that fits by a cully, and by figns dif- 
covers all his cards to his advcrfary. 

Afuntala'do, propp'd, or ftior'd 
up, underfet, fupported. 

Apuntalar, to prop or ihore up, 
to underfet, to fupport. From puntal, 
a prop. 

Apuntamien'to,. an appointment, 
or marking of buhneis. 

'Apunta'r, to appoint, to point 
our, to mark. From punta, a point. 

Apuntillando, kick'd, fpurr'd. 

Apuntilla'r, to kick, to fpur. 
Froia puntiUas, the extremities of the 

A PUN to, ready. 

Apuradame'nte, cleanly, abfo- 
lutcly, or of necefllty. 

Apurando, drain'd ; alio purify'd; 
alfo drove to extremities. 

ApuRamie'nto, draining ; alfo 
purifying, and driving to extremity. 

Apurar, to drain, to purify, to 
drive to extremity. 

Apuriir la paciencia, to try a man's 

Apurar un IJmbre, to prefi a man 

ApurIma, a river in the kingdom 
of Peru in South America, riling at the 

^foot of the Ancles, whence it runs by 
the city Cufco, and falls into, the river 

A au 

Xauxa, having nin about 60 leagues. 

ApuRova'ca, a confiderable river 
in the province of Guiana in South 

A Q.U'rio, Aquarius, one of the 
II figns of the zodiack. 

Ac!.uartela'do, cjuarter'd, or iu 
quarters. Vid. Efciído acuartelado. 

Ac¡.UARTf la'r, to quarter foldier.";, 
to appoint them quarters. 

AQ.UAT1L, that lives in the water.'tico, watery, or that be- 
longs to the water. Lar. aquaticus, 

Aq.uato'cho, \iA. Aguatocho. 

A cíue'da ; as. Tañer a queda, to 
ring the bell which fcts the watch at 

Aciuida'do, ftay'd, ftopp'd ; alfo 

Aquldado'r, one that flops or ftays, 
that ftills or quiets. 

Aqueda'r, to flay, or flop, to ftill 
or quiet. From quedo, ftill. Thsfe 
three words ai-e little ufed. 

Aci.ue]a'do, vid. Aquexáda, 

A Q.U E ] a'r, vid . Aquexar^ 

Ací.ue'l, that man. 

Aque'lla, that woman. 

iVq.uE'LLO, that thing. 

Ací.ue'nde, Obf. on this llde^ 

Aq,ue'sso,. that. 

Ac^ue'sta, that woman. 

Aque'ste, this man. 

Aq.ce'sto, this thing. 

Acíuexadame'nte, haílify, expí-^ 
ditioully, anxioully. 

Ac!.uexa'do, haftned or hafty, an- 

Aque^xAíMie'nto, haílineC, anxi- 

Aq.UEXA'R, to haflen, to preis, to ' 
urge ; alfo to trouble, to moleft. 

A QUI, here. 

Aquietado, quieted, ñill'd> paci- 

Aq.uietahie'nto, quieting, flill- 
ing, pacifying. 

Ac!.uieta'r, to quiet, ftill, c» pa- 
cify. From quieto, quiet. 

A'cí.uii-A, vid. A'guila. 

Ac).uillotra'do, a clownííh word, 
fignifying defperately in love. 

Aquilo'n, the north. Lat. aquih. 

Aq.uista'do, acquired, gotten, ob- 

Aq.uista'r, to acquire, to get, to 
obtain. Lat. acquire. 

A du I ta'do, acquitted, dear'd, dif- 

Aq.uita'niAj Aquitai», a province 
in France, 

Aquita'r, to acquit, clear, or dif- 
charge. Prom quítp¡ clear. 

^ - - A K. A 



A'ra, an altar, or an altar- ílone 
laid on the altar where mafs is faid ; 
alfo a conilcllation fo call'd. Lit. ara. 

Araba'cAj a fmall town near Ma- 
drid in Spain. 

Ara' BE, an Arab. 

Ara'bia, a large counti-y in ylfta, 
divided into three parts, Fxlix, Pétrea, 
and De/erta, along the coail of the 
Red Sea. 

Arábigo, Arabick, belonging to 
Arabia, or the language of that coun- 

Arace'na, a town in Andaluz.2ff, 
towards the borders of Portugal, on the 
skirts of the mountain Siena Morena, 
famous for excellent bacon, in a very 
fruitfiil foil. It contains about looo 
families, one parilh, two monafteries 
of friars, awd one of nuns, and has a 
ilrong caftle on an eminency. 

Ara'da,- a plow'd field. 

Ara'do, a plow ; aifo plow'd. Lat. 

Arado camero, a crooked plow. 

Arado'r, a plowman ; a!fo a worm 
in the hand. 

Ara'dro, vid. Arado, 

Aradura, plowing. 

Araga'n, vid. Haragán. 

Arago'n, the kingdom of Aragón 
in Spain, bounded on the north by 
irance and iJavarre, on the eaft by 
Catalonia, on the weft by the -Nfew and 
CJd Cajlile, and on the Ibuth by the 
kingdom of Valencia. Alfo a river that 
runs through this kingdom, and from 
which fome will have it to take name, 
and the furname of a noble family de- 
fcended from the kings. 

Prov. Negar que negarás, que en 
Aragón ejlás : Deny it ftiffly, for you 
are \a. Aragón. Said in regard that cri- 
minals in Aragón cannot, by the privi- 
leges of the kingdom be put upon the 
rack to make them confels, and there- 
fore they may deny whatever is laid to 
their Aarge. It is applied to all that 
ftiffly deny what they have faid or 
done, tho' it be never fo evident. 

Arago'nes, an Aragonian, a na- 
tive of Aragón, 

Araje'da, the plow-flaff to cleanfe 
the coidter with. 

Arambe'l, a tatter'd cloth, a rag ; 
fometimes taken for the hanging of a 

Araaibra'do, of a copper-colour, or 
cover'd with copper. 

Aramera'r, to paint or dye of a 
copper-colour, or to cover with cop- 

Ar^'mbre, copper. Arab. 


Hilo ^ arámbre, braís or copper 

Arance'i, a proclamation fctting 
the rates of provilions. Vid. Aranzéi. 

Ara'nda, a town and earldom in 
the kingdom o( Aragón. 

Ara NDA DE Due'ro, a town in 
Cajlile, nine leagues from Ofma, and 
four from Roa on the aforciaid river, 
wall'd, feated in a plentiful foil, and 
contains about 1 300 families, two pa- 
riili churches, two monafteries of fri- 
ars, and two of nuns. 

Arande'la, a thing in ihe ftiapc of 
a funnel, faften'd to the thick end of 
.1 lance, to defend the man's hand, 
thought to have been invented at Arun- 
del in Siijfex, and thence to have its 
name. It is alio a ibrt of band worn 
by women, made after that fafliion, 
and therefore fo call'd. Others with 
more probability fay the word is Ara- 

Ara'ndes, ftrawberries. 

Aranie'go, a hawk that has been 
taken in a net. 

Aranjue'z, a village feven leagues 
from Madrid, where the kings of Spain 
have a palace and wonderful fine gar- 
dens, the country being moft delicious, 
between the rivers Tagus and Xarama. 
The name Arabick, fignifying the troop 
of marts. Alio a town not far from 
the South Sea, in the province of Co^a 
Rica in North America. 

Ara'ña, a Ipider. Lat. aranea. It 
is alfo a branch to hang in the middle 
of a room with many candles, and in 
lome places a crab. 

Prov. Al araHa hurto la rueca el dia- 
blo, porqué farjue la tela del rúbj : The 
devil ftole the fpider's diilaff, that flie 
might draw her thread through her 
tail. This they fay to any that do 
things prepofteroully. 

Araña'do, fcratch'd, claw'd. 

Arañado'r, one that fcratches. 

ArañadÚRAj a fcratching or claw- 

Araña'r, to Icratchj to claw. 

Arañe'ta, a little ipider.- 

Arañe'nto,- full of fpiders. 

ArañÍta, a little fpider. 

Ara'ño, a fcratch. 

Arañue'lo, a fnare, a net to catch 
birds in. 

Aranze'l, a fcroll, a roll of paper, 
a mufter-roll, a lift ; alio a proclama- 
tion fsttling the rates of proviGons. 

Ara'r, to plow. Lat. arare. 

A'ras, call'd alio A'ras de Morella, 
a towjfi in the kingdon>_of Valencia, 

A R B 

near Morella, fcatcd among woods and 
mountains, yet fnjitñil, has a ftrone 
caftle, about 1 50 fauiiiies, and one 

Arasa'r, yid. Arr,ifár. 

Arastra'r, vid. Arrajir.w. 

A ra'tos, now and then, by fits, 
at fevcral times, 

Arava'l, vid. Arravál. 

Ara'üco, a province in the king- 
dom oí chile in South America, the moft 
warlike in that new world, having 
maintained war againft the Spaniards 
very many years, but at laft fubmitted 
to them. 

Ara'vigo, Arabick. 

Ara'ujo, a town in the kingdom of 
Galicia in Spain, between Montererey 
inÁCl^aveSy on the skirt of a mountain, 
inhabited by about 100 families under 
one parifli. 

Araya'r, vid. Rayar. 

Araíga'do, Araygar ; vil. Array-: 
gadoj Arraygur. 

Araybon, vie,. Arrayhon. 
A R B 

Arbe'ja, the tare or vetch ; fo Ray 
names them without diftinition, p, 900, 
verb, vicia. 

Areitra'nte, an arbitrator, an 

Areitrado'r, idem. 

Areitra'r, to arbitrate, to decide.' 

Areitra'rio, that is or may be put 
to arbitration ; alio arbitrary. 

Arbitrio, a man's will, opinion, 
or dccifion ; alio a projetl. 

Arbitrista, a projector. 

A'reitro, an arbitrator, an um- 
pire. Lat. arbiter. 

A'reol, a tree, a maft of a fliip. 
Lat. arbor. 

A'rbol mayor, the main-maft of a 

A'rhol de proa, the fore-maft. 

A'rbol del parayfi, vid. Alhe'iia. 

A'rbol trijle, a tree growing in feve- 
ral parts of India, but chiehy on the 
Malabar coaft, about the bigneis, and 
not unlike a plum-tree. It puts out a- 
bundance of flender branches, equally 
divided at diftances by knots, out of 
each of which grow two leaves, one 
on each fide, about the bignefs of a 
plum leaf, very fmooth, and cover'd 
with a white down on the outfide^ 
and oreen and rough within. From 
the ifalks of the leaVes flioot out flow-^ 
ers like the orange-flower, but more 
beautiful and fragrant ; Thefe flowers 
are frefli, and charmingly fwect all 
ni"ht, and as foon as the fun rifcs they 
drop of}", and the tree looks as if it 
w'ther'd. I: beai's a fruit like a lupin, . 
■ " ■ ^ wjiich: 

A R B 

-which the Indians fay is very cordial. 
(fr-.ft. .kojl. nat. hill. E. /rrf. 

/.ii-.'oi g''neros de ,'trboles, fcveral 
forts of trees. 

yiaiféyfo, the jujub-trcc. 

AÍan^Q UaKco, the birch-tree. 

Alamo negro, the alder-trcc. 

Mo.rdi/>0, a peach-tree. 

Alc<riióque, the cork-tree. 

jJlmeiiiifo, an almond-tree. 

Akarin-que, an apricot-trcc. 

/I'rze-, the mapk-trcc. 

AniUfno, a nut-trcc. 

iJCfio, the holy-oak-tree. 

Ateltiche, a wild olive-tree. 

Azein'im, an olive tree. 

Beig^imJto, a bcrgamot pear-tree. 

Bm.e, a wild hazle-trec. 

Cwmcji, a pippin-tree. 

Carme, the hornbeam-tree. 

Cafar.o, a chcftnut-tree. 

CfVi-Oj a cedar-tree. 

Cerezo, an heart cherry-tree. 

Cernie'io, a mufcadine pcar-trcc. 

Cíí/ro, a citron-tree. 

Cz/ovjj the cyprcC-tree. 

Ciruelo, a plum-tree. 

Cfep/xi, the poplar-tree. 

Cornizo, the cornel-tree. 

Cófcójo, the French oak-tree. 

E'A/JWiJ, an ebony-tree. 

Iréfr.o, an afll-tree. 

Granado, a pomcgranate-trec 

Cuinc.o, a cherry-tree. 

J/.ryii, a beech-tree. 
. aigtiírí', a fig-tree. 

Lame!, a laurel-tree. 

Limón, a limon-tree. 

Madrono, a tree bearing fruit like 

Mancano, an apple-tree. 

Membrillo, a quince-tree. 

Moral, a mulberry-tree. 

yiaranjo, an orange-tree. 

i'Ufpero, a medlar-tree. 

Kiigi?/, a walnut-tree. 

O/j'i'i), an olive-tree. 

O'lmo, an eim. 

j>eriV, a pear-tree. 

i/w, a fir-tree. 

Plátano, a plane-tree. 

.S.i.'i'w, the willow-tree. 

¿erval, the fervice-tree. 

T^'ij the linden-tree. 

Prov. jíVíu/ de i«f'» «¿ríís /ow/i «» 
palmo, y paga cinco : A good tree takes 
one fpan, and pays five. That is, it 
cakes up little ground, and yields much 
profit. Apply'd to good education, 
which cofts ibmething, but is worth 
much more. 

Prov. ^ién a buen árbol fe anima, 
buina fiimbra le cobija : He that leans 



fay, opportunity 
great thick wood of 


A'rca de pan, a bin for bread ; met. 

is the belly. 

A'rca de Nóé, l^aFs ark ; met. any 
place or cheft that contains all forts of 

■ ,Prov. Ln área de avariento el diábh 
yáze dentro: The devil lies in a cove- 
tous man's cheft. The devil of avaiice, 
which draws his heart from doing good 
with his wealth. 

« Prow En área abiirta el júfto peca ; 
The juft man lins in an open chtft ; 
that IS, a cheft left open is a temp:ation 
to a juft mam to do what cthcrwiie 
he would not think of Or, as the 
Spaniards and we 
makes the thief. 

Arcabuco, a i^ 

Arcabuz, a musket. 
Arcabuza'zo, a musket-fliot. 
Arcaeuzeria, musketeers, a body 
of them, or their fliot. 

Arcabuze'ro, a musketeer. • 
ArcachÓía, \\á. Alcachofa. 
Arca'das, ílraining, or reaching to 

Arcade'ro, a cheft-maker, a joiner. 
Arca'dia, a province in Greece. 
Arcador, one that lays up in chefts. 
Arcaduca'do, vid. Arcaduzado. 
Arcaduija'r, vjd. Arcaduzar. 
Arcaduz, a pipe, a conduit for wa- 
ter, an acjueduá ; a pot, whereof they 
tye a great many to a rope fet round a 
%vheel to draw up water. It is a cor- 
ruption from the Lat. aquediiBiis. 

Llevar una cofa por fus arcadúzes, 
to manage an aftair the right way. 

Prov. Arcadúzes de noria el que Veno 
viene vazio torna : The pots or buck- 
ets of a well, that which comes up full, 
goes down empty. Ufual enough in 

Arcaduza'do, convey'd in pipes 
or othcrwife like water. 

Arcaduza'r, to lay pipes or ether 
conveniencies to carry water ; met. 
to contrive and lay the method»'© car- 
ry on any bufinefs. 

Arca'ngel, an archangel ; alio 
the name of a city and fea-port town 
in Mufcovy. 

againft a good tree, has a good ihaJe 
over him. That is, he that rehes on 
^ood worthy ptople, reaps a bene- 

Arbola'do, fet upright as a tree, 

rais'd or lifccd up. 

Arbola'r, to mail a ftiip, to fet 

Arbolar vandéra, to fet up, or to 
hoifc or hold up the colours to difplay 

Arbola'zo, a great tree. 

Arboleóla, a coufufed noife 
voices, or the like. 

Arbolece'r, to grow up to a tiee. 

Arboleda, a grove of trees. 

Areollde'ro, one that looks to an 
orchard or a wood. 

Areolcillo, or AvholiUo, a little 
tree, a ftirub. 

Varios gineros de Arbclillos, fevcral 
forts of Ihrubs. 
Adélpha, che ivy-bufli. 
A'gno cajlo, the agnus caftus. 
Alcaparro, the Ihrub that bears 

Aliena, privet. 
Alhócigo, the piftacho-tree. 
Alifú, the lote. 
Almra, the lloras- flirub. 
yiW)..f'j a fort of odoriferous Ihrub, 

Balfamo, the balfam^buñi. efpina, the barberry-bufli. 
Box, the box-tree. 
Bn'ijco, butchers-broom. 
Carrizo, the fea-rufll. 
fárzamóro, a blackberry-bulh. 
Cornicabra, the turpentine-tree. 
Endrino, a damfen-tree. 
Floripondio, the oleander. 
aim ¿fia, broom. 
Lahrnfca, a wild vine. 
Lentifco, the Icntisk. 
Madrefélva, the honey-fuckle. 
Kurdo, the fpicknard. 
piirra, the wall-vine. 
pirlitero, the haw-thorn. 
Regaliz, the liquorice-tree. 
Romero, the rofemary bufh; 
Rofál, the rofe-tree. 
Sabina,, favine. 
Tamariz, the tamarind-tree. 

Areollo'n, a drain to draw off! that part of him which is Ihut in by 
•water. I the ribs. 

Arbora'do, full of trees, (haded 
with trees. 

Areora'r, to grow up to trees ; 
alfo as arbolar. 


A'rca, a cheft, a binn to keep bread 
or corn, a great ciñern to keep water. 
Lac. area. 

A'rca s, a man's cheft or breaft, all 

A'rcas, a fmall town in the king- 
dom of Caftile in Spain, two leagues 
from the city Cuenca, formerly a bi- 
flioprick, now under that oí Cuenca. 

Arca'z, a great cheft. 

A'rce, the bladder-nut, as Ray call» 
it, verb. Staphikdendron. 



ArceBÍsPe, or Arzeh'jíe, an obfo- 
Icte clownifti word for Arfohifpo, an 

Arzediana'zgo, an archdeacon- 


Arcedia'no, an archdeacon. 
Arce'Nj vid. Arzén. 
Arce'eo, ViÁ.Anbéro, 
Arche'rOj an archer; alio one of 
the king of Spain's guard, a yeoman 
of the guard. 

Archerue'lo, a little archer, or 
Ciiall yeoman of the guard. 

Archety'po, an original, a model, 
a pattern. Greek. 

Archie a'n c o, a table or a feat 
with a drawer under it. 
Archíbo, vid. Archivo. 
Archierimbon, a mafter beggar, 
the chief of the mumpers. 

Archidona, a tov/n in Amlahtzia 
in Spahi, two leagues from the city 
CranadA, feared high and rocky, with 
a ftrong caftle, and in a plentiRil coun- 
try, inhabited by 700 families, 'under 
one parifli church, and two monafte- 
ries of friars. Alfo a city in Peru in 
So::th America, in the government de 
ios ^(ixos, 20 leagues from Baéza. ' 
Archiduca'do, an archdukedom. 
ARCHIDÚQ.UE, an archduke. 
Archimandrita, a fuperior of re- 
ligious men. Greek. 

Archipre'ste, an archprieft, or 
chief piieft. 

ARCHiPiELA'cOjthe Archipelago, or 
that part of the Mediterranean fea near 
Greece, which is full of illands. 

Archite'cto, or Archiie'to, an ar- 
diitcit, a mafter- builder. _ Greek. 

Architectura, architefturi. T'i- 
Iniwiis defines it, a fcience qualified 
with fundry other arts, and adorn'd 
with variety of learning, to whofc 
judgment and approbation all other 
works of art fubmit themfelves. The 
word is Greek, and is fometimes taken 
for the art itfelf, and fometimes for the 

ArcIiitra've, the architrave, that 
is, the maflcf or principal beam in any 
fíruíture. Greek and Latin, arche- 
trahs, the principal beam. In none- 
work it is that part which lies imme- 
diately upon the columns and fupports 
the ñrudurc. 

Architriclíno, he that orders 
and takes care of a feait. Lar. ard^i- 

Archivista, a keeper of records. 
Archivo, an archive, aplace where 
.records are kept. 

Arcilla, vid. ArxJUa. 
ARcipre'ste, \iá,Arch!préJ!e. 

A R D 

A'r c o, a bow ; alfo an arch. 

A'rco entero, an arch that is a com- 
pleat femicircle, whofe chord is the 
whole diameter. 

A'rco ciiminuido, an arch that is lefs 
than the femicircle, and therefore its 
chord is lefs than the femidiameter. 

A'rco compuéjio, an arch compofed of 
two fmall arches, which meeting a: 
the top, cut one another there, and 
form an angle. 

Arcon,' the riiing part of the fad- 
die ; as, Arpjt delantero, the pummel of 
the faddle ; Arfón trafiro, the crupper 
pare, or that part which rifes behind 
in a great faddle. 

Ar^oeispa'do, an archbifhoprick. 

AR-.oBispA'L,pertainingto the arch- 

Arzobispo, an archbiihop. 

Arcos, a town in the province of 
Andaluz! a in' Spain, not far from S". 
Lncar, inhabited by about 1000 fami- 
lies, made an earldom by king yohn 
the fecond of Cajiile, in the year 1450, 
and the honour conferr'd on D. Peter 
Pojice de Leon, whofe grandfon D. Ro- 
drigo Ponce de Leon was created duke of 
Arcos by Ferdinand and Elizabeth, king 
and queen of Cajiile and Aragón. Thii 
family of Pence de Leon, has been of 
known nobility for many ages, the 
male* line of the Ponces having been 
among the firft that oppofed the Moors 
in Spam, originally came out of France, 
and ally'd to thofe kings, and after- 
wards one of them marrying a legiti- 
mate daughter of Alonfo king oí. Lion, 
whence they took the additional name, 
calling themfelves Ponce de Leon. Their 
arms are. Parti per pak ; the firft, yir- 
ggnt, a lion rampant Viirpiire ; the fe- 
cond of Aragón, which is, Barri of 
eight pieces, Gtiles and Or, withui an 
orle charg'd with eight 'fcurcheons Or, 
with a ftfs ^;;«r?. The colour of the 
orle is. not mention'd in the Sobiliario, 
which is the reafon it is wanting here. 

A'rcos de la Can'te'ra, a fmall 
town near the city Cuenca, in the king- 
dom of Cajiile in Spain. 

Arcos T Y LOS, a term in architedure, 
fignifying the intercolumnation or di- 
ftance between pillar and pillar, this 
term belonging chiefly to the I'ufcan 
order, .where the intercolumnation is 
very wide, as at the entrance of cities, 
forts, S^c. So Evelyn. 
A R D 
A'rda, a iquirrcl. 
Arde'r, to burn,. to flame, .to -blaze; 
¡ Lat. arderé. 

Ardid, a flratsgem and cunning 


Ardide'za, heat, paflion, choler.- 
Ardído, burnt, let on- fire ; alfo- 
hot in temper, haity. 

Ardie'nte, burning hot, 
Ardienteme'nte, hotly, fiery. 
Ardila, a iinall river in Spain, 
which rifes in Andalnzra, and faLs in- 
to the Guadiana below the city Oliiicn- 
za in Portugal. 

Ardilla, a fquirrel. 
Ardimil'nto, heat, burning ; cl- 
ib a fiery temper, boldnefs, courage, 
&c. an earneft delire. 

Ardi'te, a piece of money formerly 
in Spain, worth three maravedíes. 

Ardor, heat, burning, a flame, or 
blaze ; alio eagernefs, boldnefs. Lat, 

Arduame'nte, difficultly. 

A'rduo, difficult, Lat, arduiis. 

Arduyda'd, difficulty. A barba- 
rous word. 


A'rea, the area, or fuperficial con- 
Cents of any thing. 

Are'ca-, rid. Avellana de la India. 

Are'ito, a dance among the Well- 

ARE'hfA, fand. Lat. 

Dar caifa, de arena, to talíe a heavy ■ 
revenge on a man. 

Efcrivir en ¡a arena, to write on the 
fand ; to fet a thing down on the 
backfide of a book ; to make flight of 
what one hears. 

Sembrar en la arena, to few on the 
fanj, to labour in vain. 

Contarlas arenas, to count the Ginds, 
to upj.iercake impollibilities, 

A'ytuas de tal cofa (¡t:e íiíe4m«,there' 
is more of fuch a thing than of fand. 
That is, there is great plenty. • 

Prov. Comer arena, antes que hazér ■ 
vileza : To eat fand rather than do a 
bafe action. That is, to fuffer all ex- 

Arena'l, a fandy place, a fand-pit, 
or the finds on the fliore. 

Arenca'do, like a herring, or taft- 
ing of herring. 

Are'nga, a long fpeech, oi' a talc. 

Arenilla, fmall fand. 

Arenillas, a fcrt of dice that havi 
no fpocs but upon one fide or face. ■ 

Arenisco, or Arenófc, fandy, 

Are'nq.ue, a herring. From the 
French harcng. 

Arenque ahumado, a red herrino;. 

Arenc^ue'ro, one that fells hct 
rings. • 

Areq,uÍ; the name of a fcrt ot li- 
quor in Pcrjia, difiill'd from dates a;-.d 
the leaves of liquorice. From arec.iy 
iionifyiiiCT fwect in diat lani^uncc. h 


i. the ftrongcft of liquors. Teixeira. 

ARtQ,viVA, a great city in the king- 
doiii of Peril in South America, 7 leagues 
fiom the SMth Sea, and 70 from the 
city O*/ 1', enrich'd by great lilvcr mines 
in the mountains called los Andes, 14 
leagues dillauc from it. 

A rlsph'to, in rcfpcft, in regard 

Arestín", the difeafe in a horfe's 
pallcras called the fcratchcs, in chi 
dren a fcaU head. 

ARr'AiiLLO, a village of about 50 
houfcs in the territory of iiW.:i in the 
kingdom of Cajlile in Spain. 

ARnvA'LO, a town in the kingdom 
of Cafiile in Spa^n, 6 leagues froiii Me- 
dina del Camfo, Ceited in a plain, on the 
banks of the rivers Adaja and ArevalilU, 
and almoil encompafs'd by them, is 
wall'd, has a caftle, a rich territory, 
about 400 houfes, 8 pariflies, abun- 
dance of gentry, 5 monailcries of friars, 
4 of nuns, aiii 7 chapels. 
A R F 

Arfa'r el ywjio, or A'rfa el navio, 
the fiiip plunges fometimes a-head, and 
ibmetimes a-ltern. 

ARfiL, the bifliop at chefs. Arab. 
A R G 

A'rga, a river in the kingdom of 

Argadijo, or Argadillo, or Arga- 
Aixo, a reel to reel thread or yarn on, 
or any fuch frame made of finall flicks. 

Arüa do, a rti!. 

I'rov. Afgádofohre argado, y rio mié! 
fire o.uilíis: Reel u^on reel, and no 
honev i;poñ fritters or puff-palle. That 
is, toil upon toil, or misfortune upon 
misfortune, and nothing to fweeten 

Arca'lia, a fyringe. Arab, and 

Arcaman'dIjo, a reel, or any fuch 
frame made of fmall flicks. 

Ar&ama'ssa, aftiflfclay; alfoflron? 
lime and fand, or plaifter oi Paris. 

Argamasilla, a town in the bi- 
iliopi ick of O'.enca in the kingdom of 
Oijlile in Spahi. 

Arga.massa'do, cover'd or plaifler'd 
with fuch clay, or plaifter oí Paris. 

Arga.'.iassa'r, to cover or plaifter 
with fliffclay, or with lime and fand, 
or with plaifter of Paris. 

Arga'nas, a fort of panniers made 
of hemp, like a clofe net, to carry 
corn on beafls backs from the field, or 
any fuch ufe ; alfo a crane to draw up 
flones. * 

Arga'nda, a town in iS//i/», four 
Icages from Madrid. 

Argandíjo, a pair of yarn win- 

A R G 

A'rc ano, an engine of many archei, 
ufed formerly at the lieges of tow ns. 

Argel, a horfc with his off foot 
white, and no other white about him, 
which in Spain is look'd upon as an 
ill mark. Alfb the city Argier on the 
coaft of Africk. 

Argluta, a Cnall town in the 
kingdom of Valencia in Sp.%!n. 

Arge'iha, a film that grows over a 
horfe's eye, either by the falling of 
humours, or caufed b^- a blow. 

ARGt'N, a cant word for plate or 

Arge'n vivo, quickfilvet. From 
the Latin argentum vi-uum. The com- 
mon name Azogue, 

Argent, übf. plate, filver. Lat. 

Argenta'do, cover'd or adorn'd 
with iilver, íilveí'd over. 

Argentadór, one tfiat iilvers over, 
or plates or adorns with iilver. 

Argen'ta'r, to filver over, to plate 
or adorn with Iilver. 

Arc.enteri'a, any veffels of plate, 
or any garments adorn'd with plate. 

Argento vi'vo, v\d. Argén viio. 

Arge s and jif^fVe, two friiall towns 
in the kingdom oí Toledo in Spain. 

Argili'ta, a Imall town in the 
kingdom of Valencia in Spain. 

A'rgo, the famous fliip in which 
yajon and his companions fail'd to Col- 
ches, the biggefl till then known. 

Argolla', a great iron ring to hold 
by, or for fuch ufe. 

¡luego de argolla, a game at which 
they drive a ball through a ring. 

Argollica, or Argollita, a finall 
iron ring. 

Argollón, a very great maíTive 
iron ring. 

A R c u e'd a s, a fmall town in the 
kingdom oí Havarre \n Spain, between 
Pamplona and Tadela. 

Argue'ña, a budget, bag, or wal- 

Argui'do, argued, diiputed, con- 
troverted ;. alio convmced, accufed, 
and reproved. 

Argui'r, to argue, to diifute ; alfb 
to convince, and to accufe and reprove. 
Lat. arguere. 

Argúllo, ArgttUófo, Argullofaménte ; 
vid. Orgullo, Orgulldfo, CrguUúfamcnte. 

Argumenta'dOj argued, diiputed, 

Argumentador, one that argues 
or diiputes. 

Argumenta'r, to argue, difpute, 
or reafon, 

Argume'nto, an argument, a rea- 
fbn ; alio the brief concents of a book 

A R I 

Lat. argumentitm. 

Arguy'ar, to argue. 

Arguye'nte, he that argues or 

A R I 

A'rias, the furname of a noble fa- 
mily in Spain, the chief whereof is earl 
of imo en Rojlro, where fee more of 

Ari'ca, a port in the kingdom of 
Peril, in the province cyWAIosCfjarcas, 
where they ihip thefilvtr bi ought from 
Potojl. The town fmall, the havea 
large, with a good came, and eighty 
leagues diftant from the city ¡a Plata 
to the north-weft, and about as much 
from Cufco ibuth. 

A'rido, dry or wither'd. Lat.<ir/- 

Arie'n^o, a weight of 31 grains. 

Arie'te, a battering-ram, tied in 
antient times to batter the walls of 
places beiieged. Lat. aries, a ram. 

Ari'llos, ear-rings. 

Arima'o, a river in the great ifland 
of Ciiha in the IVefi Indies. 

Arinda'jo, the bird call'd a jay. 

Arjóna, a town in Andaluzia, two 
leagues from Andujar, in a moft fruit- 
ful country, wall'd, and inhabited by 
about 1000 families, under three pa- 
nfhes and feven chapels. Formerly 
called Aurigi. 

Arjoni'lla, a town in Andaluzia, 
three quarters of a league iwm Arjona, 
rich in oil, inhabited by 700 families, 
under one parifh, but has feven cha- 
pels, and a good caftle in the midft of 

Arioso, vifcous, flimy. 

Aiíisa'r^o, Obf. a great coat of 
coarfe cloth. 

Ari'sco, auftere, rigid, intradable, 

A R rsM e' T I c a, for Arithmética, arith- 
metick, Lat. arithmetica.'tico, for Arithme'tico, an 

• Ari'sta, the beard of tlw ear of 
corn, call'd the awn. Lat. arijla, 

Aristocraci'a, an ariftocracy, a 
commonwealth govern'd by the nobi- 
lity or better fort, as Venice. Greek, 
the government of the better foit. 

Aristolochi'a, or Arijlologia, the 
herb call'd hartwort. -Greek. 

Arithjie'tica, arithmetick, the 
art of numbring. From the Greek 
arithmein, to number. 

Arithme'tico, an arithmeticianr 

Ari'za, a town in the kingdom of 
Aragón in Spain, near the frontiers of 
Cajlile, fix leagues from CJilatayud, in 
a pleafant and fruitful plain, on the 



banks of the river Xaloti, feated near a 
hill, on which is a ftrong caftle. The 
town is walfd, and contains ^oo fa- 
milies, thref pariih churches, one mo- 
naftcry of Francifcans, four chapels, 
and two hofpitals. Zurita fays it is 
the ancient Ariobriga. 
A R L 
Arla'nza, a. livet in Old Cajiile. 
ARLEQ.U1N, vid. Armqutn. 
Arlinga de vela, our feamen call 
it a bolt-rope, and is the rope into 
which the fail is few'd, or made fail ; 
that is, a three-iirand rope, made gen- 
tle, and not twilted £b hard as the o- 
thers, of purpofe maybe more 
pliant to the fail, and that they may 
few the fail to it the becter. 

A'rlo, a Ihrub whofe root is like 
liquorice, brown without and yellow 
■within. Women ufed it formerly in 
Spahi, to die their hair yellow. Kay 
.calls it white mullein, high taper, and 
cows lungwort. 

A'rma, a weapon, an alarm. Lat. 
arma, arms. 

A'rma, a city and its territory in 
the province of I'opayati in Scuilh Ameri- 
ca, 50 leagues from the city Popayan. 

Arma'da, a fleet of men of war ; 
for a fleet of merchants is caü'd Flota. 

Dar armada, o armadiUa, in cant 
is to furniili one with money to play 
with another. 

Armadijo, a fnare, a gin to catch 
birds or any fmall creatures. 

Armadílla, a little fleet of fight- 
ing ihips, a fmall fquadron. 

Armadillo, a beaft in the U'ejl 
Indies, cover'd all over with flitUs or 
fcales like armour, whence it has the 
name. It is fmall, lives on the moun- 
tains, and covers its felf with its fcales, 
or moves them at pleafure. It is eaten, 
but the fleih is not very good. F. yof. 
Acojl. nat. hift. W. Ivd. 1. 4. c. 38. p. 
1 8 « . The Indians-Gall it Tafic. 
Arma'do, arm'd. 

ArmÍdúra, armour, furniture ; alfo 
a bedflead, or any thing fomi'd in that 
nature. . 

Arma'nca, a fnare, a gin. A bar- 
barous word, 

Armandijas, vid. Armadijo. 
Armaml'nto, <5r Arrnamiénto, an 
armament, an arming. 

Arma'r, to arm, Qt-c. as follows. 
Armar a los pájaros, to fet fnares for 

Armar navios, to equip or fit out 

Armar tina haUéJla, to bend a crofs- 
. bow. 


Armar tina cafa, to fet up the wood- 
en frame of a houfc. 

Armar al^ que juega, to furniih a 
gameiler with money. 

Armar en el juego, to iharp, to cheat 
at play. 

Armar un lap, to lay a fnare. 

Armar brega, or pendencia, to begin 
a quarrel. 

Armar lina cama, to fetupabedñead. 

Armar pancadilla, to trip up one's 
heels, to lay a flumbling-bloek in a 
man's way. 

Armar una felada, to lay an ambuih. 

Arma'rio, vid. Almario. 

A'rma s, arms, weapons, armour ; 
alfo the coat of arms of a family. 

Prov. De buenas armas es armado, 
quién con bu:na mugér es cafado : He is 
well arm'd, that has a good wife. If 
flae be a good woman, Ihe will defend 
him in time of need, and he will be 
defended againil ill tongues, and be 
brought into no quarrels about his ho- 

Prov. ^uie'n ameniido a las armas 
va, odéxa lapiél, oladexará: He that 
often runs to arms, either leaves his 
skin, or will leave it. That is, a quar- 
relfome man, who is always handling 
his weapon, if he be not kill'd this 
time, or the next, will fcarce efcape it 
at length. 

Armatoste, a rack to bend a crofs- 
bow ; commonly ufed for any piece of 
lumber ; alfo a -fnare. 

Armazón, arming, or equipping ; 
alio any frame-work, as the tiiubcr- 
\\ ork of a houfe, or the like. Or as 

Armazón de cama, a bedftcad. 

Arml'ja, a cockle-fiih. 

Armelina, the little creature call'd 
an ermine. 

Arme'lla, an iron itaple for a lock 
or bolt, or any fuch ufe ; alfo a ring, 
and a knocker of a door. 

Arml'nia, a large country la AJia, 
bordering upon Georgia, MengrJia, Me- 
fopotamia, part of it fubjecl to the Turk, 
and part to the Perfian. The famous 
rivers Tigris and Euphrates run through 
it. Bochart, in his Ceogr. Sacra, is of 
opinion its name is derived from M.'ni, 
or Miynii, mention'd by the prophet 
Jeremy,- ch. 51. v. 17. which is a part 
of Armenia, and that it was call'd Har- 
mini, that is, mount Miyii, the part in 
proceis of timé giving name to the 

Arme'nio, an Armenian. 
Armería, an armoury. 
Arme'ro, an armourer, one that 
makes or iel!s arms. ' 

Arjugüro, an elquire at aras, one 

A R P 

that carries a knight's buckler and lance 
before him. 

A R M 1 L L A, the íhell-fiíh call'd a 

ArmÍn, vid. Armiño. 

Aríúño, ermine. 

Armóles, or Armuelles, an herb 
called orach, or golden-flower. 

Armoni'a, harmony, a fweet con- 
cord or agreemery: in mufical voices or 
inftruments, pleaiing to the ear. Greek. 

Armoniaco, \\á. Ammoniaco. 

Armonioso, harmonious. 

Armue'lLes, vid. Armóles, 
' A R N 

Arna'ldo, Arnold, a proper name. 

Arne'do, a fca-porc town in the 
kingdom of Peru in Americi, on the 
South Sea, 10 leagues north of the city 
Lima, ox Los Keyes. 

ArnequÍn, corruptly call'd Arle- 
quín, a figure of a man made with 
joints to put into any poilure, ufed by 
painters and carvers ; thence taken for 
a tumbler, or a fc-llow that puts him- 
lelfinto all forts of poftures ; a harle- 

Arne'ro, a fieve ufed va. Spain to 
fhake chopt llraw for horfes to eat, 
like that we ufe to fifi: theii' oats. 

Arne's, armour. 


A'r o, a hoop cither of wood or 
iron for cask or any other ufe. 

Aróca, a town in Portugal, 9 leagues 
from Lamégo, of about no houfes, one 
pariih church, and one monaitery of 
nuns ; the country yields wine, fruit, 
and flax. 

Aróche, a town in the province of 
Atidaluzia in Spain, widxCa calla, feat- 
ed on a rifing ground in a fruitfiil 
country, has 500 families, and but one 
pariih church, which is all of marble, 
whereof there are quarries at nand. 
Antiently call'd arunci. 

Arocina'do, vid. Arrocinado, 

Arodilla'do, \\A. Arrodillado. 

Aroaias, fweet or aromatick drugs. 

Aroma'ya, a province in South A- ■ 

Arónches, a fmall town in the 
province of Alentéjo in Portugal, 

Aróua, a river in the province of 
Guiana in South America. 

Aroy, a river in the fame province 
of Guiana. 

A R P 

Arpa'do, full of fears. 

ArPe'os, our leamen call them grap- 
nels, which are in. nature of anchors 
for oalleys or boats to ride by ; they 
have four Books and never a flock, be- 
caufe which way foever they fall, two 
K <^ 


cf the flooks hold faft. They ate alfo 
iifcd to c»ft over into an enemy s Ihip, 
made faft to a chain, to grapple toge- 
ther. This is alfo the name ot tne 
erapling-irons at the ends of the yard- 
trnis in fire-ihips for them to take fall 
hold of a ftiip's rigging. 

Arpilla'r, to put or lap up in 

canvas. , ,, 

Arpilia'do, put or lappd up in 

tanvas. . ' . 

Arpón, an hooping-iron. 

Arpille'ra, a coarfe piece of can- 
yafs, or fuch cloth, to wrap goods. 

A R Q. 

Arq.uea'do, bow'd or arch'd ; alfo 

Arqueador, a gauger, an officer in 
tpaiv, whofc biifinefs it is to gauge 
Ihips, or take their dimenfions, to know 
what burthen they will carry. 

ARCiuEAMit'NTO, gauging, or tak- 
ing the dimenfions of ftiips. 

Arquea'Rj to bow, or to arch ; 
alio to gauge, to take the dimenfions 
^f (hips. 

ARQ.VERÍA, arch'd-work. 

Arc^ue'ro, a baw-maker, or a 
cheft-maker ; alfo he that keeps the 
key of a publick cheft. 

Ar.(1Ve'ta, a fmall cheft. 

ARq.uETÓN, a great cheft, a bin for 

ARQUEToKcitto, a littk cheft. 

ARQ.VULA, orArquita, a little cheft. 

ARQ.fiti.0, otArqui'to, a little bow, 

Arquitetura, vid. Architetiim. , 

ARQUIte'to, vid. Architéto. 

Arq.uitra've, vid. Anhitrúiie. _ 

A R R 

Arra'ax, or Arrax, or Erc«*, the 
fbnes of the olives, after they have 
been broken in the mill to take out 
ihe oils- Dry'd they ferve, like our 
fmall coal, to burn in ladies fire-pans, 
tecaufe the fteam of it is not offenfive, 
like that of charcoal. Arabick. 

Arraba'l, a fuburb. Arabick. 

Arraba'l, a town in the dukedom 
•f Ojftina in Spain. 

Arraca'das, pendants for women 
ip wear at the ears. Arabick. 

Arracííe, a caufeway ; thence 
taken, for a ridge of rocks in the fea. 

Arrae'z, a mafter of a veflel, A- 

Arramela'do, gravell'd, or corer'd 
■with fand, as a walk or a place that 
has been (loaded, Arabick, 

Arrambla'r, to'gravek 

Arrancando, puU'd or torn up, 
scoied outj forced away violently. 

A R R 

Arrancador, one that pulls or 
tears away violently, that roots up. 

Arrancadura, pulling or tearing 
away violently, rooting up, 

Arranca'r, Prxf to Arranco, Prat, 
Arranqué ; to pull, to tear away vio- 
lently, to root up, to fnatch away, 
Lat. averrunco. 

Arrancar el cavallo, is for a horfe to 
flart for a race, to fly out on a fudden. 

Arrancúrfe el úlm/i, to die with much 
ftruggling ; met. to be in great forrow 
or pain, as if one's foul were tore a- 

Arrancar deIpécJ.'o,to hawk up phlegm. 

Arra'ncate nabo, fay the children 
in a play they have, when one fits on 
the ground, and the others ftrive to lift 
him, they fay. Arráncate nabo ; that is. 
Come up, turnip ; and he anfwers. 
So puedo de harto, I am fo full I can- 
not ; they reply. Arráncate cepa, Come 
up, root ; and he again. So puedo defe- 
ca, I am fo dry I cannot. 

Arranq.ue', vid. Arrancar. 

Arrap'ie'^os, the lower hanging 
part of any garment ; lb call'd from the 
Latin repo, becaufe it hangs or creeps 
on the ground j thence any tatters or 

Llevar a uno de los arrapiefos, to 
tug a man away by his cloaths j that 
is, to arreft, to force him away. 

Arrachji'be, or Arraqutve, a fort 
of narrow bordering worn for orna 
ment about the bottom of a petticoat. 

A'rras, the money a husband gives 
his wife when they are married ; alfo 
earneft-money given to bind any bar- 
gain. Greek arrabo», 

Arrasa'do, fmooth'd, made plain, 
raz'd, levell'd ; alfo reap'd, mow'd, 
or (horn ; alfo firuck as they do the 
buihel in meafuring corn, that the 
meafure may be full to the brink, 

Arrasadúra, fmoothing, levelling, 
reaping, mowing, or iheering ; alfo 
ftriking a meafure that is over full, 

Arrasa'r, to fmooth, to level, to 
raze ; alfo to mow, reap, or fheer ; 
to fill to the brim'i to ftrike a full mea- 
fure. From razo, fmooth. 

Arrarfárje lo¡ ¿jos de agua, is when 
the tears ftand in the eyes ready to guih 
out, but do not run down. 

Arrastra'do, drawn, dragg'd, 
trairi along the ground ; one that is 
drawn to execution, 

Arrastradura, drawing, drag- 
ging, trailing along the ground. 

Arrastra'r, to draw, drag, trail 
along the ground ; to draw to execu- 
tion. From the Latin vafirum, a rake. 

Arrajlra ¡a hónra^ honoyr puts a 

A R R 

man upon many things he would not • 
do ; verbatim, it drags him, taken from 
great perfons draggin;g their robes a- 
long the ground for ftate. 

Llevar ía~foga arrajiránc/é, to drag a 
halter after one^~^ac k, to be in dan- 

Andar arrafirado, to be in a very 
mean condition, or full of troubles, or 
to be harrafs'd with two tmich bufi- 

Ser arrajlrádo, to be drawn as male» 
faflors to execution. . 

Arratona'do, vid. Ratonado, ■ , 

Arratona'r, vid. Ratonar. 

Arrava'l, vid. Arrabal, ,, 

Arra'x, vid, Arráax, 

Arraxa'c!.ue5 . an iron .'prong or 
fork with three crooked points ; alfo 
a fort of fwallows, called martlets, 
with very little feet, and their claws 
bent like thofe forks. Arabick. 

Arrayga'do, rooted, faftned, or . 

ArraygadÚra, rooting, faftening, 
or fixing. 

Arrayga'r, VrxCTo Arráygo, Prst, 
Arraygue; to root, faften, or fix ; to 
take root in the ground. From ráyz, 
a root. 

Arraygue', vid. Arraygár. ■_ 

Arrayha'n, a myrtle-tree. Arab. . 

Arrayhana'l, a myrtle-grove, 

Arrazífe, vid. Arracife, .. 

A'rre, the word carriers and fuch 
people ufe to their horfes, mules, or 
aifes, to make them go ; as ours fay, 
hay gee ho. 

Arrea'do, dreC'd, adorn'd. 

Arrea'r, to drefs, to adorn. From 
arra, the jewels a bridegroom prefents 
his bride. 

Arrebaíía'do, rak'd or fcrap'd. 

Arrebañador, one that rakes or 

Arrebañadúra, a raking or fcrap- 

Arrebaña'r, to rakeor fcrape, to 
hoard, to fave. From rebaño, a flocfc. 

Arrebatadame'nte> precipitate- 
ly, haftily. 

Arrebata'dO, fnatch'd, haily, pre- 
cipitate, fudden ; alfo violent or palTio- 

Arrebatado en efpiritu, wrapt in fpi- 
rit, in an extaly. 

Arrebatador, one that Ihatchci 
or catches haftily. 

Arrebatadora, a buzzard. 

Arrebata mie'nto, fnatching, or 
catching ; alfo hafiinefs, paflion. 

Arrebata'r, to fnatch, to pull 
away viokntly, to catch fuddcnly. 


A R R 

Ambatár/e, tobe rapt in ípirir. 
Arreba'tá ca'pas, a cloak-iteakr ; 
alfo a froppiih perfoii. 

ARREBATIÑA, a cacching or fnatch- 

ing, a fray. 

Arrebenta'do, vid. KehentfíU». 
ArRebenta'r, \IÁ. Kebentár. 
Arreee'nta bue'y, a great fly 
that vexes and hurts the cattle. 

Arreboíja'do, muffled, cover'd 
- with a veil or cloak. 

Carne arrebofáda, meat dreG'd with 
eggs and other ingredients which dif- 
guife it. 

Arreboca'rse, to muffle one's felf 
up, to cover one's face with a veil or 
cloak. From rebofi, muffling. 

Arreeola'da muge'r, a woman 
painted red. 

Arrebola'rse la mttgc'r, is for a 
woman to paint red. 

Arreboles, the red curdling clouds 
in fair weather, colour'd by the re- 
fleilion of the riííng or fetting fun, 
morning and evening. Thence meta- 
phorically the red_ paint- an women's 
' Arrebolve'r, -vid. Kebtlvér. 
Arreboza'do, vid. Arrebofúdo, 
Arreboza'r, \lá.Ar*ebofar. 
Arrebuja'»©, vid Anebuxádo. 
Arrebuja'r, vid. Arrebuxár. 
Arrebuxa'do, wrapt up, cover'd, 
muffled i alio rumpled, or cruih'd to- 

ARREBTJXADÚR.A, 01 Arebuxamiétito, 
a wrapping up, covering, or muffling ; 
alio rumpling, or cruihing together. 
Arrebuxa'r, to wrap up, cover, 
■ or muffle ; alfo to rumple or cruih to- 

Arrecha'do, Handings ftiff ereñed, 
fee up an end. 

Arrechaxiúra, a ftiffnels or erec- 

Arrecha'r, to fland, to be fliff, 
or ereft; commonly taken in an immo- 
defi ftnfe. From the Latin ereBus, 

Arre'cmo, -fianding or fet up an 

Arrecí BO, a town in the iiland of 
S. yuan de Puerto Ricoin the Weft Indies, 
30 leagues weft of the city of Puerto 
Rico, the metropolis of that iiland. 

Arrecife, a caufeway, and thence 
a ridge of rocks in the fea.; alfo the 
name of a Portuguefe town in Bra'zH. 

Arredoma'do, made m the faihion 
-of a glafs vial. In cant it fignifies af- 
■ferobled, or agreed ; alfo that has had 
a vial of ink thrown in their face. 

Arredoma'r, a cant word,' figai- 
fying to affemble or to agree. ; alfo to 

A R B. 

eail & vial ftill of ink againft ojie's face, 
fo that the glafi breaks, and cuts the face, 
and the ink runs about and gets into 
the gaihesj which is troubleforae to be 
cured, fo as not to leave a fear. A 
villainous fort of revenge prañis'd a- 
mong ruffians. The word from retid- 
ma, a glafs vial. 

Arredonda'do, made round. 

Arredond.Vr, to make round. 

Arre&ra'do, put back, removed at 
a diftance. 

Arredradúra, putting back, for- 
cing or removing back. 

Arredra'Rj toput, force, or drive 
back. From the Lat. retro, back. 

Arredrárfe, to give ground, to retire, 
to fall back. 

Arre'dro ; as. Arredro vayas ene- 
migo tnáJo, Go behind me, or avoid 

Arredro ^ih, againft the hair, or the 

Arregaía'do, tuckt up, as \yomen 
do their petticoats to go in the dirt, 

Wíí-íx arregazada, a nole that turns 
up as if it were tuck'd up. 

Arregaza'r, to tuck up, as women 
do their coats to keep them from the 
dirt. . From the Hebrew ragas, to ga- 

Arre&la'do, regular,, regulated, 

ARREGtAMiE'NTO, a regulation. 

Arregla'r, to regulate. 

Arregostado, that hastafted, and 
pleafes himfelf with the tafte ; the de- 
fires offuch as he hastafted. 

Arregost.a'r, to tafte and pleafe 
one's felf with the reiifli, to delire of 
Tuch things as one has tafted. From 
rf, fignifying a repetition, and gujlo^ 

Arreja'da, the plow-ftafF, or the 
iron in a plow-ftaff with which the 
coulter is fcrap'd. 

Arre'lde, a four pound weight 

Arellana'do, fitting Ipread in a 
lazy pofture. 

Arrelana'rsEjIo Iquator fit down 
at one's full eafe, or in a very lazy 
pofture. From Xátio, Iraooth, that is, 
ftretch'd out at eafe. 

Arremangando, trufs'd up, or tuckt 
up ; meant of the fleeves, when one is 
to do any thing that is dirty. 

Arremangadúra, or Arremanga- 
mitnto, truífing or tucking up of 

Arremanga'r» Vxxi, To Arremango, 
Pr Kt. Arremangue, to tufek or trufs up 
the ileeves. From re, back, and mári' 
ga, a ileeve. 

A R R 

Arrema'kgo, truíTing, or tucking 
up of flee ves, 

Arrema'kgue', vid. Arremangar. 

Arremeda'do, mock'd ; vid. B,e'. 

Arremeda'r, to mock ; vid. «.í- 

Arremete'», to affault, to let up- 
on, to attack, to run at. From th© 
Lat. remato, to fend again. 

Arremetida, an allault, an attack^ 
a fetting upon, or running at. 

Arremetido, allauked, run at, let 

Arremolina'do, in the manner of 
a whirlpool, 

Arreíiolina'r, to turn round like 
a whirlpool. From remolino, a whirlpoo'; 

Arrenda'do, bridled, curb'd, or, 
rein'd ; alio hir'd, or let to hire, or 
farm'd ; alio mimick'd or imitated. 

Arrendador, one that hires, or 
lets out to hire, a farmer ; alio a mi- 
mick, or one that afts another, 

Arrendadorzillo, a little farmer, 

Prov. ArrendadorziUos comer en pláta^ 
morir en grillos : Little farmers eat in 
plate and die in irons. The farmers of 
the revenue get much by their farms, 
but live high, and die in a goaL Ap- 
ply 'd to an extravagant perfon, 

Arrenda'jo, a bird that imitates 
any voice it hears. 

Arrendamie'nto, farming, hir^ 
ing, or letting to hire. 

Arrenda'r, Praef. To Arriendo^ 
Prxt.- Arrendé ; to bridle, curb, or rein, 
to hire, or let out to hire, or to farm ; 
alio to mimick or aft another, but lit- 
tle ufed in this laft fenie. In the firft 
it comes from rienda, a rein ; in the 
fecond from rinta, rent ; and in the 
laft from réddo, to repreient. 

Arke'o, one after another, fuccei« 

Arre'o, ornament or dreis for man 
or woman ; furniture for a horfc. 

Arrepasta'do, fed, graz'd, put 
into pafture. 

Arrepasta'r, to feed, graze, or 
put into pafture. From ^afto, food or 

Arrepentidas, women that have 

been lewd, and are retii'ed to live a 

religious life ; there are monafteries of 

thera in feveral parts of chriftendom. 

Arrepentído, penitent, forry for 

one's fault. 

Arrepentimie'nto, repentance, 
penitence, forrow for what is paft. 

ArrePENTÍr, Prxf. To Arrepient», 
?ixt. Arrepenti; to repent, to be forry 
for what is done. From the Lat. />«- 

A R R 

ArrePie'nte, Arrepit'nto; vld./f' 


ArripisOj penitent. 
ARRLq.uivi, a fort of woman's 

Arresta'do, dctain'J, flopp'd, or 
arrcllcd ; alfo bold and daring. 

Arrista'r, to flop, detain, or ar- 
reft. From the Lat. rJfo, to flay. 

ARRt'sros, the name of a book fig- 
nifying decrees. Borrow'd from the 
French arrefis. 

Arrexa'que, a fork with three 
prongs, or any tool that has three 
teeth, as a trout-fpear, or a flefh-houk ; 
alio the bird called a martlet. Ara- 

Arre'yto, a ibrt of dance among 
die Weft Indians. 

ARREtA'rts, places full of briars 
and brambles. Arab. Sec it in Savdo 
val, Í. I. 5. 51. 

Arrezia'do, grown ftrongcr. 

Arrezja'r, to grow fironger. From 
rézio, ílrong. 

Arrezife, vid. Arrecife. 

Arrezil, an inundation, a flood 
that carries all before it. • 

Arria'ga, a very ftrong place. 
This word is properly Bafquiih. 

Akria'r, to fall back, as a ihip 
¿CCS when they veer out cable. It is 
properly a fc'a-term, and lignifics to 
veer, that is, to put out more rope by 
intnd, or to let more run out. But 

Arriar las iiélas, is to flrike fail, 
that is, to let the fail run down. 

Arria'te, a bed in a garden, or a 
Iiedge ; alfo a caufeway, or a path. 

Arriaba, above. 

Arri'ba, a fea-term, bear up ; ufed 
in conding the ihips, when he that 
conds would have the fleers-man bring 
the ihip more before the wind. 

Arriba'da, an arrival. 

Arriba'do, arrived, come to the 
place intended ; alio to put back or 
into a wrong port. See in the next 

Arriba'r, to arrive ; met. to fuc- 
ceed. Yet the proper fignification of 
the word is for a fhip to be forced back 
into the harbour it fct out from, or to 
be put by the port it was defigiied for, 
as may be fecn in D. yof. de Veitia, 
Horie de la Contratación de las Indias. 

Arrií^a'fa, a-royal garden. Arab. 

Arri^a'r, to laíh, bañe, or cudgel; 
a word ufed only aboard the galleys. 

Arrice'tp , a place in the fea full 
«frocks and fands. Arab. 

Arrie'ndí, Aniáido, vid. Arrendar. 

A«;Xil'ro, s carrier 

A R R 

ArRiesga'do, hazarded, or hazar- 
dous i alfo bold or daring. 

Arriesgamie'nto, hazarding, or 

Arriesga'r, to hazard, to venture. 
From riéfgo, danger. 

Arrifa'na de SoiizA, a town in 
Portugal five leagues from the city of 
Porto, fcated on an emincncy, fruitful 
in other things, except corn, contain- 
ing about 400 families, one parifli, 
fevcn chapds, a houfe of Mifericordia, 
and one hofpital. 

Arrimade'ro, a leaning place.'do, leaning againfl any 
thing, or fupported by it. 

Arrimador, one that leans againft 
any thing. 

Arrimadúra, the ail of leaning a- 

Arrima'r, to lean or fet up one 
thing againft another. 

Arrimar las efpuelas, to clap fpurs to 
a hoife. 

Arrimar a tino, to leave a man dead, 
or in a defperate condition, as it were 
leaning againft a wall. 

Arrimar un delito, to add one crime 
more, or to accufe a man of one crime 
more ; alfo to accufe falUy of a crime. 

Arrimar el clavo, to cheat. A me- 
taphor takea from knaviih farriers, 
who if they fee a flranger upon a good 
horfc, prick him that he may go lame, 
and then fend fbme body after him 
with another horfe to fell. 

Arrimar is alfo a lea-term, and iTg- 
nifies to flow, that is, to place goods 
in order in the hold of a fliip. 

Arrimar un t^fi'go fúlfo, to fuborn a 
falfc witneis. 

Arrimúrfe a la pared, to lean againft 
the wall. 

Arrimárfe a raynes, to keep ill com- 

Arrimárfe al parecer de ¿tro, to ad- 
here to another man's opinion. 

Prov. Arrímate a buenos, y ¡eras uno 
déUos : Keep company with good men, 
and you will be one of them.' The 
contrary to, Evil communication cor- 
rupts good manners. 

ArrÍaio, any thing to lean againft, 
or rely on, a leaning-place, a fupport, 
prop, or flay. 

Arrinconando, thruft up in a 
corner, forfaken, folitary, obfcure. 

Arrinconadór, one that thrufls 
into corners. 

Arrinconamie'nto, thrufling in 
to a corner, livmg obfcure or in mi- 

Arrincona'r, to mew up, to keep 
clofej as it were in a coraer, to de- 

A R R 

jed, or caft down. From rmiity a 

Arriogorria'ca, vid. Arriugurri- 

Arrisca'do, indangcr'd, hazarded; 
alfo bold and venturefomc. 

Arrisca'r, Pra:f. To Arrifco ; Prast. 
Arrif^ué ; to hazard, to indanger, to 
venture. From rífeos, cragged places, 
becaufe he is in danger who hunts 

Arrisque', vid. Arrifcár, 

Arritra'nca, the crupper of beafts 
of burthen ; of faddle horfcs it is call- 
ed Gtirupéra. It is made up of the La- 
tin word retro, behind, and the Spaniih 
anca, the buttock. This word is made 
ufe offer any odd or unhandfome thing, 
that holds up or draws another. 

Arri'va, vid. Arriba. 

ArRiva'do, vid. Arribado. 

Arriva'r, vid. Arribar. 

Arriugurria'ca, it lignifies red 
ftones in theBafquifli language, and is 
the name of a town in Bifcay ; fo call- 
ed, becaufe there the Bifcayners fought 
a bloody battel, and overthrew D. Or- 
doTto, fon to king j^&w/o the great, •fo 
dying the fiones red. 

Arrixa'ciue, vid, Arrexáque. 

Arroba, a quarter of an hundred 
weight ; in liquid meafure eight azum- 
bres, about twelve quarts Engliih. A- 

Arroba'do, one in a rapture. 

Arrobamie'nto, a rapture. 

Arroba'rsi, to be in a rapture.' 
From robar, to fteal or rob ; that is, 
to be deprived of one's fenfes. 

Arrobina'r, in cant to gather or 

Arroca'do, rais'd htgh. 

Mangas arrocádas, high fleeves tuck- 
ed up. 

Arroca'Rj to raife, tuck, or roll 

Arro^a'r, vid. Rofar. 

Arro<;ina'do caváUo, a common.' 
plain fort of a horfe. From rocip^ an 
ordinary horfe. 

Arrodea'r, vid. Rodear. 

Arrodilla'do, kneeling. 

Arrodilla'r, to kneel. From ro' 
dilla, the knee. 

Arroga'ncia, ari'ogancy, pride, 

Arroga'nte, _ arrogant, proud, 

Arroga'r, to arrogate, to take 
more upon one than belongs to him. 
Lat. arrogare, to arrogate. 

Arrojadizo, any thing that is to 
be caft. 

Arroja'dOj caft, thrown, can a- 


A R R 

alio a bold, rafli, or dcfperate 
that cans or 

met. to do 
or without 

From roUoy a 


Arrojadór, one 
throws, or cafts away. 

Arroja'dos in cant fignifies 


Arroja'r, to can, to throw, to 
fling away. Arab. 

Arrojúrfe, to call one's felf violent- 
ly, as from a high place ; 
or fay any thing raihly, 

Arrolla'do, rolled. 
Arrollador, a roller 
Arrolla'r, to roll. 

ARROmadiza'do, one that has tak- 
en cold, that has a deflusion or a 
rheum falUng. 

Arromadiza'rse, to take cold, to 
have a defluxion or a rheum falling. 
Arromadizo, vid. Romadizo. 
Arromba'da de galera, the bend 
or wale of a galley. 

Arrompidos, lands newly plow'd 
•up, that were not fow'd before, 

Arrónches, a town in Portugal 
not far from Portalegre, on a riling 
ground, wall'dj in a plentiful foil, 
and contains 600 families, one pariih 
church, one monaftery of friars, a houfe 
of the Mifericordia, an hofpital, and 
fends reprefentatives to the cortes. 
ARRONDa'do, made round. 
Arronda'r, to make round, 
Arronja'do, vid. Anejado. 
Arronja'r, vid. Arrojar, 
Arropa'do, warm clad. 
Arropa'r, to cloath warm, to put 
on cloaths to keep, out the cold. From 
rapa, cloaths. 

Arrópate que fiidas, .put. on more 
cloaths, for you fweat. The advice 
good, when given ferioufly ; but this 
IS commonly fpoke ironically, as when 
one pretends to be very weary with 
doing little or nothing. 

Arrope, new wine boil'd thick, 
muft|,j Arabick. 

Arrope'as, a ibrt of hand-cuffs 
with a bar going up from them to the 
collar, to hinder him that has them on 
from lifting his hands to his mouth. 

Arrosca'do, made; up like a roll 
of bread. 

Arrosca'r, to make up like a roll 
of bread. In cant to wrap up. 

Arrostrando, brought face to face 
ArrosTra'r, to face, or bring face 
to face ; alfo to have a liking to a 
thing. From rójiro, the fa 

Arrotula'do, fetdownin argil, 
or made into a roll. 
Asrotvia'p.j toinroll, or to make 

A R R 

up a roll. From rotulo, a roll. 
Arrova, vid. Arroba. 
Arrovc'ro, one that fells by the 
quarter of the hundred. 

Arrovina'do, Obf, fnatch'd or 
catch'd haftily, 

Arrovina'r, Obf, tofnatch or catch 

Arroxa'do, vid. Arrojado ; alio 
make red. 

Arroxa'r, vid. Arrojar ; alio to 
make red. From roxo, red, 

Arroya'da, a torrent, a fierce run- 
ning fiream. 

Arroya'do, cut in furrows or 
trenches. . 

A R R o Y a'r, to cut furrows or 
trenches for water to run in. From 
arroyo, a fmall ftream, 

Arroyarfe el río, is for a river to 
divide it felf into irnall channels, 

Arroyo, a brook, a little ftream of 
water.. . 

Prov. A gran arroyo, pajfár pojlréro : 
V/here there is a great ftream, go over 
laft. To fee how others fare, and be 
fure of a good ford. 

Arroyo de San Servan, a town 
in the province oíEjlremadura in Spain, 
at the foot of a mountain, on the 
banks of a brook call'd Ti'ipero, in a 
fruitful foil, has 4^0 houfes, one ftate- 
ly pariih church, fix chapels, and an 

Arroyólos, a town in Portugal, 
three leagues from Ebora, feated on an 
eminency, with a good fort, in a good 
ibi), and has above 300 houfes, who 
fend reprefentatives to the cortes. It 
is an earldom in the noble, family of 
Cajlro, under which title fee more, 
Arroyue'lo, a little brook. 
Arroz, rice. Arabick, 
Arruda, a town in Pcrtugal, five 
leagues from Lisbon, in the territory of 
Torres Vedras, in a plentiful foil, inha 
bited by 30D families under one pariüi. 
Arrufaldado, one that has the 
behaviour' or carriage of a ruffian, 
From rufián, a ruffian. 

Arrufiana'do, become a bully, 
pimp, or ruffian, or afcer the manner 
of one. 

Arrufiana'r, to become a bully, 
pimp, or ruffian. From rufan, a ruffian 
Arruga, a wrinkle. Lat, ruga.'do, wrinkled, or rumpled 
Arrugadura, a wrinkling or rum- 

Arruga'r, to wrinkle. 
Arrugia, a mine in which they dig 
very deep for the metal, 

■ Arruina'dOj ruiii'dj deftroy'd, un- 


Arruina'r, to ruin, dcftroy, un- 
do. From ruina, ruin. 

Arrullado, lull'd aflccp. 

Arrullar un níTw, to lull a chil>.l 
to deep. 

ArruUitrfe, to fall afleep. 

Arrullar la paloma, is for pigeons to 

Arruma'co, a coy difdainful look 
of a woman when difplcaicd, twitch- 
ing up the nofe, and dcriv'd from the 
word romo, flat or turn-up nofcd. It 
is alfo catterwawling, 

Arruha'je, the flowing of goods 
aboard a ftiip. 

Arruma' R, to flow goods in a ihip ; 
quafi arrimar, to lay one clofe to ano- 

Arrumea'da, the place aboard the 
galley where the rasa go to eafc thcm- 
lelves at the head, 

Arrumba'do, caft headlong, 

Arrumba'r, to caft headlong. 

Arruvia'do, made fair, or of a 
glittering polour, like gold or red, 

Arruvia'r, to make fair, or of a 



glittering colour, like 
From riib-io, fair or red . 
.A R S 

A'rsa, a finall river in Calida iii 

Aríena'l, an arfenal, a place to 
build ftiips, and lay up all their flores. 

Arse'nico, a mineral called orpi- 
ment, or arfcnick ; it is a rank poiibi?, 
and is vulgarly call'd in Spanifti rexal- 
gar and fénico, 

Arse'nio, the proper name of a 
man. From the Greek arfen, mafcu- 


Artade'gua, the herb loufe-bane. 

Artajona, a town in the kingdom 
oí Kavarre in Spain, two leagues from 
Olite, feated on a hill, fruitful in wine, 
and ibme wheat, inhabited but by 150 
families under one pariih. 

ArtamÚz, vid. Altramuz. 

Arta'na, a town in the kingdom 
of ralencia in Spain, near Villa Hermo- 
fa, contains not above 80 families un- 
der one pariih. 

A'rte, art. "Lsx.ars. 

Arte mayor, a fort of Spaniih poe- 
in which each vsrfc confifts of 


twelve fyllables, or contains two ver- 
fes of the leHer redondilla, each of 
which has fix fyllables ; the rhyme in 
both alike, 

Prov. Quie'n tiene arte, tiá por lo'dr, 
parte: He chat has a trade, may gi;c 
his living every where. 

Prov. Con arte y engú¡:o fe viie. el 
mídi* <»Í!*j con engá'.oy arte fe wie 'U 


¿ira fine : Man li\'cs one half year 
by art and deceit, and the left he lives 
by deceit and art. That is, by cun- 
ninr, and cheating all his lill-time, or 
all a man's life is a cheat. 

Artemisa, or /«<?//»/;>, or Arte- 

mi]fa,chc herb inugwort. L3.Í. arlcmif.a. 

Arteria, an artery. ■ 

Arte'ro, cunning, deceitful, crafty. 

Arte'sa, a tray, or a trough ; fome- 

times a boat like a tray hew a out of a 


Prov. tUva lu la artéza. marida, 
que ) ó llevaré el cedúco, que p fa ¡.orno 
el diablo : Do you cany che tray, huf 
band, and I'll carry the ficvc, which 
is as heavy as the devil. When one 
lays all the burthen on another, and 
ac the fame time pretends :o take a 
great deal of pains. 

Artesa'da, a tray fuU- 
Artesa'no, a handicraft man. 
Artesilla, a little tray. 
Artesona'do techo, a cieling that 
is made rounding, like a tray with the 
hollow part turn'd downwards. 

Artesone.«, idem ; alfo great trays 
or troughs to kjiead bread in, or the 

Arte'so, a fmall joint, as of a 
finger or toe. 

Artichóca, vid. ArcAchófi. 
A'rtico póloj the ardick or north 

Articula'do, articulated, as in 
(peaking; alio articled, or condition- 
ed, or covenanted. 

Articula'r, to aniculate in ipeak- 
ing ; alfo to article, capitulate, or con- 

Artícvio, an article; alfo a, joint, 
i Lat. artiailus. 

Artij? a'ra, or Artife, in cant fig- 
nifies bread. 
Artipe'ro, ¡b cant a baker. 
Artífice, an artificer, a handi- 
itraft man. \.it. avtifex. 
ARTificiA't, artificial. 
Artiíicialme'nte, vid. Artifcio- 

ARTirício, artifice; allbart. 
Artificiosame'nte, artificially 
and deceitfully. 

Artificioso, full of artifice or de- 
Ciit ; alio according to art. 

Artilla'do, planted, or fiirnifli'd 
with artillery.'R) to,:fi)rtúlh with «cil- 

Artillería, artillery,, wdnance. 

.Artilie'roj a gunner. 

Artima'ña, art, cunning, fraud, 

Artimañóío, artful, cunning, de- 

CEitftll. ^ ■ 

•A R Z 

Artimón, the miil'en-maft of a fliipj 
which is the mall next the ftern. 

Artista, an artil'i. 

Artotrogo, a greedy gluttonous 
fellow. A barbarous word in Mmfleiu 
and Oiidin. 

A R U 

A'rva, a word no better than the 
lad, for a field, in both thofe didio- 

Arvadillo, a fpinning-wheel. 

A'rvas, mountains between Leon 
and Oviedo in Spain, famous for the 
antient mcnallery of Arvas feated a- 
njong them. 

Arúea, a fmall illand near capeirfw 
Roman, on the coaft oiVeneZMela in 
<S. uth America. 

Arúda, vid, Rtída. 

Arve'j AS, fome take them for peafe, 
but they are rather a ibrt of pulfe like 
large vetches. 

arv£ja'l, a place ibw'd with 

Arveja'ivji, a great wild fort of 

Arve JÓV, a great vetch. 

Arv;. oEA, the bird call'd a thrufti. 


A'rvol, vid. A'vhol. 

Arvola'r, vid. Arbolar. 

Arvole'pa, \i¿,. Arboleda. 

Arvolede'ro, vid. Arbokdéro, 

Arvolíllo, vid. Arbólalo. 

Arúspice, a Ibuthfayer, a diviner 
by looking into the bowels of beafts. 
From the Lat. aruffex. 

Aruspicjna, the art or ait of di- 
vining by bowels of beafts. 

Aruyna'r, vid. Arftánitr. 
A R X 

ArxÓNa', vid. Arjóoa, 
A R Z 

A'rza, a great rope made faft to 
the mall with a pully^ which ferves to 
heave goods into the ftiip ; our failors 
call it the winding tackle. 

A'rze, vid.ji'?}'?. 

Arzena'l, \\A.ArceBal. 

Arze'n, the Ihore or fea-fide; a 
bank to keep out water, a dike. 

Arzílla, clay V alfo the name of a 
ftrong place on the coaft of Africk, 

Ar7.ii.loso, full of clay. 
. Arzólia, vid. >i*bis<», a green al- 

Arzók, either the fore or the hind 
part of the faddle : as, 

Arzon delantero, the pummel of the 

Arzon traféro, the hinder part of the 
laddie. From the Lat. arffo, to bind, 
becaufe they keep a nian in the fad- 


Arzúa, formerly a city in Poriuga/, 
caHtd Aradnca, now an obfcure place. 
As, an ace at cards or dice. 
A'sA, the ear or handle to hold any 
thing by , alfo occaiion,.or opportuni- 
ty. From the Lat. anfa. 

A sabie'ndaSj knowingly, purpofer 
ly, defignedly. 

Asaborea'do, feafon'd, orrelifh'd. 
Vid. Saboreado. 

Asa bore a'r, to feafon, to reliih. 
Vid. Saborear. 

AsACA'oOjObf. plunder'd, debauch- 

AsAC A^RjObf. to plunder, to debauch. 
A sa'co; as, Meter a faco, to plun- 

AsADERÍA, vid. Ajfadería. 
Aseatea'do, (hot with arrows." 
Asaetea'r, to Ihoot with arrows.' 
Ftom faéta, an arrow. 

Asalaria'do, kept at wages, or 
one that receives wages. 

Asalaria'r, CO keep at wages, to 
pay wages. From fcdario, wages. 
Asalta'dOj fetupon, alTaulted. 
Asalta'r, to let upon, to aflault. 
From [altar, to leap, as it were to 
leap upon. 

Asa'lto, an attack, an alTaulr. 
A sa'ltos, by leaps. 
Asa'r, vid. Affár, to roaft. 
Asaraba'car, the herb aiarabacca. 
Asa'sinar, to airairinaceor< murder. 
Asa''sino, an alTailine or murderer. 

A s a'z, enough. 

A S C 
Asc/ilÓMiA, a (harlot. 
AscjBNsiÓN, the afceniion of osr 
Lord into heaven. 

Ascensión \í alíb^ town in South 
America, and an iiland in the tthiopick 

Ascimde'ncia, a genealogy, ance- 

A's c o, a loathing. |, 

Asconde'r, \ii. Efcnitdér, 
AscoRÓso, \\¿. Afquerofo. 
A'scuA, a burning coal of fire. A- 

AscÚRAs, for a efcwas, in the dark.' 

Asea'do, fee /^ekdi). 
■■ A se'cas, barely, or dryly. As, 
G>mér pan a fée^s, to eat dry bread. 
Asiicha''n9a, vid. Ajjechanfa. 
Asedia'do, befieged. 
Aíedia'r, to beliege. A fedenJoi 
from fitting before the place. 
Ase'dio, a ficge. 
As£Gup.a'oo, fee Ajfegurádo. 

A S I 

Asl'lgaj the herb call'd á white" 


Afélga brtiva, the herb pond-weed. 

A'sELE, take hold of him. Vid. 


AsemeJa'n^Aj to the hkenefi. 

A'sEN, they take hold. Vid. J/t'r. 

Asenderea'dOj beaten, or trodden 
to. a path, or like a path. 

Asendra'do, idem. 

Ase'nsio, wormwood, 

Asenta'do, vid. Ajfentádo. 

Asenta'r, v\á. AJfentár-. 

Asentir, vii.Affentír. 

Ase'o, vid. Ajeo. .. 

Ase'o, for La Seu, the íée, or ca- 
thedral, íó call'd in Catalonia ; I find 
it writ Ajeo, , in Rtbadetieira's lives of 
faints, iti vitaS. Raimundiftom. z.p. 34. 

AsERico, vid. Azerico. 

Aserrave'las, \id. Aferravélas, 

Aserra'co, faw'd. 

Aserra'r, to faw. From jlépra, a 
a faw. 

Asesa'do^ ibber, difcreet, judicious. 

Asesar, to grow fober, or wife. 
Ttomfe/b, the brain. 

Asessor, an afleflbr, a lawyer join- 
ed in commilTion with a judge. Lat. 

Asesta'do, aim'd or levell'd at, 
as with a gun. 

Asesta'r, to take aim, to level a 

A'sco, I take hold of. .Vid. yljrr. 
A S I i 

A'siA, one of the four parts- of the 
world, and the firft in refped that 
man was there created and redeem'd. 
The five principal parts of it are, Tar- 
taiy, china, - India, Perjla, and the 
Turkifh empire. On the Weft it is di- 
vided from Europe by the rivers Obb, 
Kha, zadTanais, or Don, by úit\Black 
Se» And Mediterranean, then is join'd 
to Africk by a Cnall neck of land bor- 
dering on Egypt, and parted from the 
reft ot ¡t iy the Red Sea ; on the fouth 
it has the main-ocean, and in it a great 
number of noble iilands ; on the eaft 
the great ocean ftill, except towards 
the northern part, where it is not yet 
known how far it firetches out towards 
.America, but on the north it has the 
Froien Sea. The name of Ajia, the 
icdLtncd Bochart in his Ceographiafacra, 
fays, is derived from the Pha:nician 
word aJia, fignifying the middle part, 
becaufe this name was at firft proper 
only to that we now czW Afia the Left, 
or Satolia, which juts out into the Me- 
diterranean, and lies as it were in the 
middle of the fea, and in the middle 
between Europe and Africa, and from 


that part the name in procefi of time 
was commuiiicated to all that van con- 

Asia'l, a barnacle to hold an un- 
ruly horfc by the nofe with. 

Aside'ro, the ear^K handle of any 
thing to take hold by. 

Asidia'do, befieged. 

Asidia'r, to beliege. From the 
Latin ajpdere, to fit by. 

AsÍDio, a fiege. 

AsiDo, laid hold of, flicking faft. 

Asie'nte, Afiénto, viJ. AJfentár. 

Asie'nto, a feat, the fituation of a 
place, fettlednels, fedatenefs, a fettling 
at the bottom of any thing ; alio a 

Asie'rre, AJíérro, vid. AJferrár. ' 

Asigna'do, aíTigned, appointed. 

Asigna'r, to aflign, to appoint. 
Lat. ajjignare. 

AsiLLA, a little handle to hold any 
thing by, or a fmall occafion. 

Asentir, to aíTent. Lsx. ajfentire, 

AsiÓN, vin. A f iones. 

AsÍR, Prasf. To A'/go, ttt a fes, el nfe, 
nofotros, &c. Prsr. Aft, afijle, &c. Imp. 
Afga ; to lay hold of, to nick to, to 
take a gripe. 

AsisTÍDo, aflifted, aided, attended, 
waited on. . 

Asistir, to alTift, to aid, to attend, 
to wait on. . Lat. ajpflere. 

A'sMA, the difeafe call'd an afthma, 
which is a frequent refpiration, join'd 
with a hiffing and cough, elpecially in 
the night-time. Greek ajlhma^ a dif- 
ficulty in breathing. • 

Asma'do, Obf. thoughty, abibrpt, 
or rapt in imagination. 

Asma'r, Obf. to be thoughty, ab- 
forpt, or rapt in imagination. 

Asma'tico, one that is troubled 
with an afthma. 

A S N 

A'sna, a íhe-afí. 

Asna'l belonging to an aS, 

Asnalda'd, aflifiinefs, 

Asna'zo, a great afs, . 

Asneda'd, affiflinefs. 

Asnejona'zOj a great als, or block- 
headed fellow. 

Asnerizo, an aís-driver or keeper. 

AsNE ro, a keeper of afles. 

AsNico, or Afm'Uo, a little afs. 

A'sNO, an ais. Lat. afinus. 

Afm campes, or canipefino, a wild 

A!fm fardefco, an afs of the Sardi- 
nian breed, which are very fervicea- 

Prov. El itfno a la ¡vihuela : The 
afs to the lute. This ihty fay when 

A S N 

a man pretends to thofe things he doe' 
not undcrftand ; as an ignorant perfon 
prctendino to talk learnedly, which is 
as if an aG ihould pretend to play upon 
a lute. 

Prov. Dadle el afuo : Put on the afs. 
We fay. Drive on, car-man ; which 
is to fay, a man would rather be 
hang'd than marry an ugly woman. 
For in Spain criminals are carried to 
execution upon an afs, inftead of tlie 
cart ufed in England. 

Prov. El afno y la miige'r a pala fe 
han de vencer : An ais and a woman 
are to be conquer'd with a cudgel. 
The occafion of this proverb, they iáy, 
was a carrier, who coming to a nar- 
row paftage, could not get his afs to 
go on, and fell a beating of him un- 
mercifully, till a traveller coming by, 
and reproving him for fo doing, he 
bid him hold his peace, for an afs and 
a woman were to be overcome with a 
cudgel. The traveller, who had an 
ill wife, went home and try'd the ex- 
periment upon her, which he found 
had good fcffcft, and ib the proverb 
held good. 

Prov. Ko compres afno de recuero, ni 
te cafes con hija de mefonéro : Do noc 
buy an ais of a carrier, nor marry an 
inn-kccpcr's daughter. The reaibn, 
becaufe if a carrier fells his afs, -which 
he has fo much ufe for himfelf, he 
muft either be very bad, or old, or 
ibid dear ; and for the inn-keeper's 
daughter, Ihe is expofed to ib much 
company, and lb many temptations, that 
it is haid for her to comeofFuntainted. 

-Prov. ^ie'n al afno alaba, tal hijo 
le náfaa : He that praifes the afs, may 
he have fuch a ion born to him. That 
is, may he that is over-ibnd of mean 
things never know better, but may all 
he has be mean. ■' 

Prov. Afno coxo mas avias de ma- 
drugar : Lame aC, you ought to get 
up earlier. This is apply'd to thoíé 
who are dull, flow, or unhandy, and 
therefore cannot compafs their bufineis- 
in time : It advifes them to rife earlyj 
that they may have leifure to perform 
their affairs, fince nature has obftruitcd 
their doing them as quick as others. 

Prov. Afno con ¿ro ale an falo todo: 
An afs loaded with gold ovenakes eve- 
ry thing. That is, tho' a man be ne- 
ver ÍO much an ais, if he has but mo- 
ney enough, he may do what he plear 

Prov. Afno malo cabe cafa aguija 
fin palo: An ill aG puts on when he is 
i;ear home without beaticig. This we 
fee Í.-1 all jades, which when they- 
I kr.DWy. 

A S N 

kf.ow they are drawing cowards home, 
will go wi.hout whip or fpur. 

Prov. A fix) tóxo, y lómbn roxi>, y el 
d->tui':o, tóiio e¡ litij: A lame afs, and 
a rcd-hair'd man, and the devil, are 
all one. So ill a conceit they have of 
red hair ; and as for a lame bead, 
every body knows it is plague enough. 

Piov. A'ftio lie nii'ul a loLos les comen : 
The wolves devour the .lis that belongs 
to many owners. Bccaufc if he has 
many owners none of them look to 
him. Therefore we fay, what is eve- 
ry body's bulincfs, is no body's buli- 

Prov. Burlaos con el nfiio duros ha 
en U cara con el rabo : Jcíl with an afs, 
and he'U Hap you in the face with his 
tail. If you make yow fclf familiar, 
or jcft with mean people, you muft cx- 
pcd no better than a llap in the face 
■with thiir tail ; that is, fomc brutifli 
ivords or afiions. 

Prov. CayJo la el kfno en el alcacel : 
The afs is fallen among the green bar- 
ley. This is to txprcfs a mifchance 
attended wi;h fomegood circumllance, 
■which alleviates, or quite blots it out ; 
as is fignify'd by the afs falling among 

f;reen bsrky, where tho'he had the ill 
uck to fall, yet he may fill his belly 
to enable him to go on. 

Prov. Define no pi't'o nl /ifno, torn.i- 
fe al aHarda : Smce he could not be 
rcvcng'd upon the tif, he falls upon the 
packfaddle. This fi ows the humour of 
many men, who «hen oftended, and 
¿are not iliow their refentment on 
t.hem that caus'd it, vent their paiTion 
on their wives, children, fervauts, or 
others they have power over. 

Prov. fíühló el áfno. y dixo, lo, ho : 
The afs (poke, and faid, ho, ho. ror 
thofc who after a long filcncc, as if 
they had been ñudying fentcnces, break 
■\vich fomething which is not at all to 
the purpofe. 

Prov. Mas vale áfno que me Uéve, 
que cavkUo que ne derrueque : I had ra- 
ther have an aC that will cari'y me, 
than a horfe that will throw me. That 
is, I had rather be contented with a 
moderate conveniency, or with indif- 
ferent things which I can compaís and 
manage, than with greatncfs that may 
con me a fall. 

Prov. Mas ijah con mal ájno conten- 
der, que la leña acuejlas traer: It is 
better to ftrive with an ill afs, than to 
carry the wood upon one's back. A 
bad fervant is better than to do one's 
pwn work. 

Prov. M ¡tfr.o muerto la ceváda al 
TÁbo: Whta the afs is dead, the bar^ 

A S N 

ley at his tail. A reproof to them that 
are liow in doing good, c\en when it 
is too late, or even then mifplace it ; 
as it is after a poor beaft is itarv'd to 
lay tlie provender to its tail. 

Pro\-. Al afiio y al mulo, la carga al 
cuto : The afs and the mule muft have 
the burthen upon the rump. That is, 
they muft have it laid on behind ; but 
in another fenfe, that brutiih men muft 
be cudgcU'd, as mules and alies are, 
behind ; for that is alfo a load, ac- 
cording to the Spaniih phrafe, V ti.i 
carga de palos ; that is, a good beat- 

Prov. sufre el afno la carga, mas 710 
la fohrecarga : The afs bears the bur- 
then, but not an over-burthen. That 
is, w e n-,u.1 not lay too much upon a 
man, the' he be never fo patient ; for 
is you over-burthen him, like the afs, 
he'll throw all down. 

Prov. Vn afno entre muchas monas 
cocanle todas : When one afs is among 
many monkeys, they all make faces at 
him. When a cully falls into the hands 
of many (harpers, they all fleece him. 
Or when many women make a fool of 
a man. 

Prov. A un afno báfiale una albárda .• 
One paunel is enough for one afs. One 
employment is enough for one man. 

Prov. A Ufno modorro arriero loco : A 
mad carrier for a jadifir afs. Becaufc 
a mad fellow will always be thraftiing, 
talking, and putting him on. 

Prov. h'ffo le efia cómo al áfno los 
corales: That becomes him as a coral 
docs an afs. We fay, fuch a one looks 
like a fow faddled. 

Prov. JNb vk ftéte folre un afno : He 
fees not fevcn as he fits upon an afi. 
A man had feven affes, drove fix of 
them, and rode upon the other ; as he 
was going, he feveral times counted 
them, and ftill fouiid but fix, forget- 
ting that he had one* under him, till 
enquiring of thofe he met for the fe- 
vcnth, one fliow'd him that he was 
upon, and then he found out his mif- 
take. Thence when a man does not 
fee or conceive tlie moft obvious things, 
they fay, he cannot fee feven when he 
fits upon an aC. It is not unlike, he 
cannot fee wood for trees. 

Prov. si lino, dos, y tres te di'zen que 
eres áfno, ponte un rabo:- If one, tivo, 
and three tell you you are an afs, put 
on a tajl. That is, whatever is gene- 
rally faid of you, you muft of necefiity 
acquiefce, for either it is true, or it 
will be impolTiblc for you to undeceive 
the world. 

Prov. A'fno cargado de oro fúbe ligero 


por una montaña : An ais loaded with 
gold chmbs a mountain nimbly. This, 
tho' not verified in the literal fenfe, is 
to cxprefs how readily men undertake 
any thing, and with what alacrity they 
perform it for the lucre of gold. 

Prov. Caer de fu áfno : To fall from 
his ais. When a man is obftinate, and 
will take no advice, and diicovers his 
errors too late, they fay, he falls from 
his afs ; that is, he was before like an 
afs mounted on his own folly, and is 
then fallen down, being made fenfible 
of his ignorance. 

Prov. O morirá el áfno, o quién le 
aguija: Either the afs will die, or his 
driver. When the death of one, of 
two, or more, will deliver a man out 
of trouble. Taken from a man that 
undertook for a maintenance and good 
reward to make his afs fpeak in a cer- 
tain term of years; and a friend asking 
him how he came to undertake fuch 
an impofiibility, upon forfeiture of life 
if he fail'd ; he anfwer'd, either the 
lord will die, meaning him that kept 
them, or the als, or the driver, before 
that time. 


Asobaca'do, trufs'd up under the 

Asobaca'r, to trufs up under thp 
arm. Fiomfobáco, the arm-pit. 

Asolado, overthrown, deftroy'dj 
laid even with the ground ; alibfunn'd. 

Asola'r, to overthrow, deftroy, or 
lay level with the ground. Fiomfuilo, 
the ground. Alfo to fun, and then 
from fol, the fun. Little ufed in this 
laft fenfe. 

A sóiAs, alone. 

Asoldada'do, like a foldier, or be- 
come a foldier. 

Asoidada'r, to grow like a foldier, 
or turn ibldier. Fmmfoldádo, a fol- 

Asolea'do, funn'd. 

Asoleamie'nto, a funning. 

Asolea'r, to fun. From fol, the 
fun. Thefe three words not much 

Asoma'do, vid. Affomádo. 

Asoma'r, vid. Affomár. 

Asombra'r, vid. Ajfombrár. 

Asona'da, an alarm, a fudden 


A'sPA, a reel for thread or yarn i 
alfo that we call a St. Andrew's crof». 

Afpa de molino, a windmill fail. 

Afpas de ciervo, a ftag's horns. 

Cavalléro del a/pa, a knight of tho 
Si, Andrew's crofs; that is, one that 



has been in the inquiiitioiij and recant- 
cJ Judaifiii, becaufe fuch are brought 
ou: 111 piiblickj with a red and yellow 
crofs hanging before and behind them, 
-to be cxpofed to fliamc. 

Aspa'dOj reel'd ; alfo made ia the 
manner of a St. Andrew's crofs. 

Aspa'r, to reel thread or yarn. 

Aspaj-il'ntos, the counterfeit hec- 
toring behaviour of a cowardly bully; 
thence apply'd to any counterfeit gri- 

A'sPEj a town in the kingdom of 
Takitcia in S^ain, feated in a fruitful 
foil, and contains about 500 families 
in one parifb. 

Aspe'ctOj the afped or counte- 
nance. Lat. afpeñiis. 

Aspeluza'do, via. EfpehiZi'ido. 

Aspeluza'Rj vid. Effeluzar. 

Asperame'nte, harihly, feverely, 
■bitterly, roughly, aufterely. 

Asperea'r, to make or become 
harfli, iharp, bitter, rough, or auitere. 

Aspere'za, harflinefs, roughnefs, 
auftcrenels, feverity. 

A'spero, harili, rough, auilere, fe- 
vere. Lat. offer, Alfo rugged or crag- 
gy, as bad ways or mountains. 

Asperón, a whetilonc ; alfo the 
beak of a fliip or galley. 

A'spiDE, the venomous creature 
called an afp. 

Aspiración, afpiration, delire. 

Aspira'nte, one that alpires. 

Aspira'r, to afpire, to have high 
■thoughts, or aim at great things. Lat. 

A S Q. 

ASQ.UEROSÍT0, one that is nicely 

AsdUERÓso, loathfom ; allb loath- 
ing or Iqueamilh, 

A S R 

A'srej the maple-tree. 


A'ssA, any fort of ear or handle to 
^takc hold by; alio a cramping-iron 
iifed ifctfbuilding to hold two (Iones to- 

Dar ájfa, to give an opportunity or 

AssADERÍA, a roafling kitchen. 

Assade'ro, meat that may be roaft- 
ed ; fometimes, but ieldom, ufcd for 
a fpit, or for a turn-fpit. 

AssADERiLLOj diminutive of .^¿7^- 

Assa'do, roafted. 

Assadór, a fpit. 

Assadorcíllo, a little fpit. 

Assadura, the pluck of a beafti al- 
fo roailin?. 


Assadurílla, a little pluck, fuch 
as a lamb's or kid's. 

AssAETEA DO, ihot with arrows. 

Assaeteador, one that ihoots with 

Assaetea'r, to flioot with arrows. 
Fioai facta, an arrow. 

Assa fe'tida, the (linking gum 
called by ionic devil's dung, brought 
from the province ci Ú-orafan in I'er- 
fta to Ormuz, and thence diftributcd 
into all parts of the world. It is 
thought the proper name of this gum 
in its own country is Lafer, and thence 
corruptly MJfa. The tree it comes from 
is faid CO be like the hazle, both in 
bignefs and leaves. -The gum is pre- 
ferved in oxes hides daub'd with blood 
mix'd with barley flower. There are 
two forts of it, one clean and tranf- 
parent, the other dark and dirty ; the 
riril is the beft. Thou£;h the fcent is 
ib loathlbme to us, the Indians delight 
in it, and the Baneans feafon all they 
eat with it, affirming it is good for the 
flomach, helps digcUion, and expells 
wind. Among us it is much ufed for" 
womens difterapers. Chrijl. Accji. nat. 
hift. E. Ind. 

Assalta'dOj aflaulted, attacked, fet 

Assalta'Rj to aflault, attack, or fet 

Assa'lto, an aflault, an attack. 
V rom falto, a leap, as it were leaping 

Assamble'a, an aflembly. French. 

Assampa'ja, a fort of fruit growing 
in India at the foot of the Indian canes, 
good to pickle, as big as a wallnut, of 
an earth colour without, and white 
within, with a flone in the middle. 
Gemelli, v. 3. 1. 3. c. 7. 

Assa'r, to roaft. Lat. áffare. 

Prov. Aun no ajp'imos, y ya emprin- 
gámos'í We are not roatting yet, and 
yet we make 1bps in the pan already. 
This is not altogether unlike reckon- 
ing of chickens before they are hatch'd. 
It exprefles an eagernefs before the 
time, and pleaiing one's felf with what 
he has not, 

. Assaraea'car, the herb call'd afa- 
rabacca. Arab, 

A.ssassina'do, aflaíTinated, murder- 

Assassin'a'r, to affafllnate, to mur- 
der. • 

Asía'ssino, an aflainne,a murderer. 

Assa'z, enough. 

Asseadíco, neatilh. Diminutive of 

Assea'do, neat, cui>ous. 

Assia'R] to make nuc qji curious. ' 


Assecha'do, watch'd, obfcrv'd, 

Assechador, one that watches, ob- 
fwves or (pies. 

Assecha'n^a, a fnare, a wile, or 
contrivance to entrap another; fpying, 
watching, orobicrving. 

Assecha'r, to wafch, to obfervc, 
to fpic, to peep. 

Asseoia'do, beiieged. 

Assedia'r, to beficgc. From the 
Lat. afftdere, to fit by. ■ 

Asse'dio, a liegc. 

Assegunda'do, feconded. 

Assegunda'r, to fecohd, Fromyi- 
giindo, iecond. 

Assegvra'do, allured, fccured, or 

Asseguradór, an affurcr, fecurer, 
or infurer. 

Assegura'nca, alTurance, fecurity, 
or infuring. 

Assegura'r, to alTure, fecure, or 
infure. From figuro, furc, 

Assemeja'do, lilcen'd to another 

Assemeja'n^a, likening to another-,' 

Asseaieja'r, to liken to another. 
From femejante, like. 

Assendería'do, trodden or beat- 
en as a path ; alfo one that is purfued, 
plagued, tormented, or fretted out of 
his life. 

Assenderea'r, to beat or tread a 
path ; alfo to purfue, chafe, or follow, 
to perplex, vex, or tire. From fétida^ 
a path. 

Asse'nso, aflent or confent. Lat. 

Assenta'do, feared, fitting, fettk4, 
or ilay'd. 

Assentade'ras, the buttocks, 

AssENTADÓR de Rea'l, z majot- 
general, that marks the ground for a 

Assentamie'nto, iettling ; alio a 

Assenta'r, To AJfiento, to place, to 
fettle, to feat, to lit. 

Affentárfe en cucUUas, to fit hanging 
on one's hams. 

AJfentár el real, to incamp. 

Affentar piedras, to lay lloncs as a 
maibn does. 

AJfenti'ir en libro, to book down. 

Affentar la mano, el guante, t» 
chaltifc or punifli, 

Ajfeatar, in fencing, to lay dowft 
the foils. 

Affentár a, lit guerra, xo lift for s 

AJhitúr cafa, to fettle to houic-, 
• AMiitár el ¡kor, to fettle liquor. 


'jíJJinlAr el pif, to live a fettled, fober 

Jjpntúr a merciits como gavilán, to 
take ftnicc under fomc gicac pcribn 
without any certain wages, but only 
to be at the courttfy of the maiicr, an.i 
be niiintain'J on what is given, like a 

AssENTiR, to allcnt, to be of the 
fanie opinion. Lat. 

Assentíst-», one that keeps a rc- 
gifter; alio an undertaker, a receiver 
of the king's revenue. 

Assi'o, ncatncfj. 

AsseRa'do, fettled, • grown wife. 

Assira'r, to fettle, to grow fobcr. 

As5ERRAr>L'Rr, a faw-pit. 

Asserra'do, faw'd. 

AssERRADOP., a fawyer. 

AsStRRADÚRAS, faw-duft. 

Asserra'r, to liw. Lzt.firirare. 

Aíserva'do, kept, prefcrv'd. 

Asserva'r, to keep, to preferve. 
Lat. ajfervare. 

Assesa'dOj grown ft&ady, íüber, or 

Assesa'r, to grow fteady, ibbcr, 
or wife. From frjo, the brain. 

Assessor, an allelforja lawyer com- 
million'd to lit on the bench with a 

ÁssrssÓRio, the fitting on. the bench 
with the judge, or the aÍTelTor's allow- 

Asse^ta'do, aim'dj levell'd at, 
propp'd, or lean'd. 

Asslstadór, one that aims, levels, 
pTOpy, or fuppons. 

AssESTADÚRA, aiming, Icvelling, 

Assesta'r, To AJjfleJio, to aim, to 
level, to prop or fupport. 

Assi, fo. 

/ifi >}í¿ ej}oy, I am in the fame con- 
dition, or 1 am yndifferent. 

rtss-i.MÍsNo, cvcnfo, alio, moreover. 

AssiQUE, ib that. 

Assjde'ko, any handle to take hold 
of; alio an occafion or opportunity, 

AssÍDO, taken hold of, fafiened. 

AssiDuo, afliduous. 

Assil'nti, AJpénto, vid. yljferifár. 

Assie'nto, a feat, a chair, a irtua- 
tioi), the fettling of any liquor ; alfo a 
contrail ^r bargain. 

Jljfícntó de muela, the gums, or that 
part of them where the hind teeth 

JiJJlénios de púHos, the edge of the 
fleeves. to whicii the wriflbands are 

j^J[i¿ni<is. de hi pies, the íblés of the 
k&i- ----- 


AJfiéntos, they call pearls that are 
(lat on one fide, becaufc they are 
grown fiat by being fettled to the ihcll ; 
alfo the receipts of the king's revenue, 
or contracts for receiving it. 

Ajihito de edificio, the iituation of a 
houfe. de ajftcnto, to be fettled. 

llaz.ér ajfiéiito, to fettle about the 
bottom of a vclle), as liquors that are 
not fine. 

Assie'rrf, AJfihro, vid. Ajferrár. 

Assih'sTE, Ajjiéjf-o, vid. Ajfejlár. 

AssiGNACiON, appointment, aífign- 

Assigna'do, appointed, affigned. 

Assiona'r, to appoint, to alTign. 
Lat. ajfignare. 

AssiLLA, a little handle to hold by. 

Assimila'do, grown or become like, 
or compared to. 

Assimila'r, to grow or to become 
like, or to compare to. Lat. ajfimilare, 

Assihf, Obf for Ajfi. 

AssiR, vid. Afir. 

Assiste'ncia, being in prefence or 
at hand, 

Assiste'nte, an affiftant, ahelpcr; 
alio one that is in prefence. 

Affifiénte de Sevilla, a governor for 
the king there, who is in the nature of 
a prefident, and fupreme in tile civil 
government, always a man of great 

AssisTÍR, to affift, to aid ; alfo to 
be prefent, Lat. affile. 

AssociAciÓN, aifociation. 

Associa'do, aifociated. 

Associa'r, to aflbciate. 

AssoLAciÓNf, wafting, ruining, or 
deftroying ; alio funning. 

Assola'do, wafted, ruined, level.- 
led with the ground ; alfo fiinn'd. 

AssoLADÓR, one that waftes, de- 
ilroys, and levels with the ground. 

AssoLADÚRA, wafting, deftroying, 
levelling with the ground. 

Assoeamie'nto, idem, 

A s s o L a'r ; 26 Ajfuéio, AJfoIé ; to 
wafte, deftroy, lay level with the 
ground ; from fuélo, the ground ; alfo to 
fun, fiomfol, the fun, but not fo fre- 
quent in this laft fenfe. 

As?olca'do, cut in furrows, plow'd. 

Assolca'r, to make furrows, to 
plow, to cut through as a ftiip does in 
the iea. From ftHco, a furrow. 

Assolda'do, kept in pay, or at 

Assolda'r, to keep in pay, to give 
wiiges. Vtom futido, wages. 

Assolea'do, funn'd. 

Assolea'r, to fun-. From fol¡ the 
iuDj iiet much ia iift,. 


AsSOLTa'r, To Ajfuélto, Obf. VJd: 

Assolva'do, as Kto affohado, a ri- 
ver that is choak'd up with fand or 


AssoLuciÓN, abfolution, forgive- 
nefs, pardon. Lat. ahfolutio. 

Assolve'r; To AJfuéivo, AJfoIvi ; K> 
abiblve, to pardon,, forgive. Lat. ab~ 
folvere.'nte, abfolutely, com- 
pleatly, perfeftly. 

AssoLÚTo, abfolute, compleat, per- 
k&. Lat. ahfolutus. 

Assoha'da, a fudden appearing of 
a thing. 

Assoma'do, looking out, or appear- 
ing as at a window ; alfo drunkifll, 
as if drunkennefs were looking out at 
his eyes. 

Prov. Mas vúle ma trafpiéfla que 
dos affomadas : One fcampering is worth 
twice looking out or peeping. That is, 
one pair of heels is worth two pair of 

AJfomáda de guerra, an appearance 
and a warlike exploit, 

Assojia'rse, to look out at a win- 
dow, or the like ; alfo to grow drunk- 
ifll, as if drunkennels look'd out ac 
one's eyes. 

AssoMERADÍzo, that is eafily fright- 
ed ; as, 

Caiallo affomhradizo, a flarting horíé, 

Assomera'do, frighted, fcar'd ; alfo 

Asso.meradór, one that frights o=- 

Assoiibra'r, to fright or fcare ; alfo 
to ihadow. From fombra, a ibadow ; 
becauft a iliadow caufcs darknefsj and 
that -feari 

Assómbro,. fright, terror. 

AssoMO, the looking out or appear- 
ing of a man or other thing, as at a 
window or fuch like place ; an ink- 
ling, a ihort view ; peeping out ; asj , 
AJfoma el dia, the day pc?ps. 

Assona'da, a found, a noife, a 
rumour, a report, a commotio*i, 

Ajfonada de guerra, a rumour of vvas^ 
warlike preparations. 

Assonadór, one that fets tunes-;, 
alio one that raifes mem Obf. 

Assona'f, To Affiiem, AJfoné ; to time, , 
to found, to raife or caufe commotions. 
From the Lzt.fofws, a found ; but lit^ 
tlo ufed, 

Assopla'r, via. Soplar. 

Assorda'do, made deaf'.' 

AssoRDADÚRA, or Ajfordamh'ntff 
making deaf. 

Assorda'r, to deafen> or make deaf. 
Viom fordO) deaf. , 



'Assossega'do, pacifieclj quieted, ap- 

AssosjEGA'RjPraf. ToAffojfiégo, Prat. 
'^ffoffegué; to pacify, quiet, or appcafe. 
Fiom Jojftégo, quietncís. 

Asiossit'c A, yljfojjiego, vid. Ajjojjegár, 
AssUl'le, AJfuclo, vid. AJfolar. 
Assue'lvAj AjfaéJ-vo, vid. Ajfohér. 
Assur/LTo, abfolved, cleared, par- 
'doned, or acquitted. 

Assue'ne, AJpiéno, vid. AJfoíiár. 
Assue'to, ufual, cufloraary. Lat. 

A s s u L c x'd Oj made in furrows, 

Assvlca'r ; Prsf. To Ajftiko, Prcet. 
AJfíilqué ; to make furrows, to plow 
up. From fi'dco, a furrow. 
Assulcí.ue', vid. AJfukár. 
AssuMCiON, vid. Ajfimcidn, 
Assúmpto, vid. Ajp'mio. 
AssuNciÓN, aflumption, taking up: 
the feaft of the aJTumption of the blef- 
fed virgin, when ftie was taken up 
into heaven. Lat. ajfiimpio, the Spa- 
niards finking the />, and changing the 
#» into ». 

AssuNciÓN, or Knéfira Señora del 
'AJfuncion, the metropolis of the great 
province of Rio de la Plata in South 
America, otherwife called Paraguay. 
ft is feated in twenty five degrees of 
ibuth latitude, 300 leagues from the 
mouth of the river of tlate, and is a 
iiilhoprick fuftragan to Lima in Vera. 

AssuNTo, taken up, or added ; alfo 
-what is added, and the fubjeCt of a 

Assusta'do, frighted. 
Assusta'k, to frighten. Fíom/iíflo, 
a fright. 

A'sTA, the ilafi" of a lance, fpear, or 
pike ; any long ílafF. Lat. hafia, a 
fpear. Alio a river in the kingdom of 
LeotJ in Spain. 

Asta'do, in cant b enlarged. 
Asta'r, in cant to enlarge. 
AsTARLiD, a town of fmall note in 
the province of Catalonia in Spaiti. 
A'sTAS de u» ciervo, a ftagg's horns. 
Astene'r, vid.AbJíetíér, 
Asxit, the flafF of a javelin, the 
handle of a fpade, pick-ax, or any iiich 
'Utenfil ; the ftalk of any herb. From 
the Latin hajlile, a fpear-flaff. 

AJM de cohina, the body or ihaft of 
a pillar .or column. 

AstÍela, a chip, a fplinter ; alfo a 
piece of wood call'd a quarter, a lath, 
and a little ftem or ftalk of an herb. 
Diminutive of afiil, 

AjitUa \a cant iignifics a fmall cheat. 
Of a petty larceny. 


AjilUa muerta, in iea-terms is as much 
of the ihips fides as is above the water. 
Astilla'do, made chips or fplin- 
ters ; alfo fplinter'd together, and fet 
upon a ftafF. 

AsTiLLADÚRA, making of chips ; 
alfo the chips themfclv'es. 

Astilla'r, to make chips ; alfo to 
fplinter a broken bone, and to fet up- 
on a ftaff. 

Astiela'zos de talemos, in cant, is 
money fpent or loft at the tavern. 

Astille'jo, the conftellation call'd 

Astille'ra, the place where they 
laid Up their ipears or lances. 

Astille'ro, a dock to build ihips 
in ; a rack to place arms on, or any 
rack over a chimney. 

Astine'ncia, abflinence. Lat. «i- 

Astine'nte, abftinent, temperate. 
AsTÓRGA, a city and biflioprick in 
the kingdom of Leon in Spain, nine 
leagues from Leon, the metropolis of 
that kingdom. King Hemy the fourth 
ofCaJlile, in the year 1465, made it a 
marquifate, conferring that title on 
t}. Aharo Perez. Oforic, fecond earl of 
Trafiamara, in whofe line it continues, 
and his eldcft fon takes the title of earl 
oÍTraJlamara. The family of O/or/o is 
inferior to none for antiquity, and 
having produced brave men in all ages. 
They were firft made earls of Trajfa- 
mara by king yohn the fecond of Ca- 
ftile. Their arms are. Or, two wolves 
fanguin, in point waves Azure ffnd Ar- 
gent, to which they have added an 
Orle charged with eight efcutcheons of 
the family oí Heriric^uez, on account of 
having married into that houfe, which 
arms are. Parti per Pale and Cheveron, 
in chief G«/e;, two caftles. Of ; in bafe 
Argent, a lion pajfant crown'd Purpure. 
The city contains about 500 families 
within ftrong antient walls, eight pa- 
riili churches, four monafterics, lixtecn 
chapels, and nine hofpitals, call'd bro- 
therhoods. The country very friiitfuL 
Astraca'n, a kingdom in AJta. 
Astraga'eo, the aftragal, being a 
rounding joining immediately to the 
fquare or dye of a pillar or column 

A'sTRO, a conftellation or celeftial 
fign. Lat. ajirum, 

Astrola'eio, an aftrolabe, which 
is a mathematical inftrument to obfervc 
the motions of the ftars. 
AsTROLOGAi, aftrological. 
AsTROLOGÍA, aftrology ; it treats of 
the properties or influences of the ftars. 
Greek, fignifying difeoiffie 01" rcafon 
ing of the ftars. 


AsTROLÓcioo, aflroIogicaL 

Astrólogo, an aftrologer. 

AsTRONO.MiA, aftronomy, is a fci- 
cncc which treats of the motions of the 
ftars, their light, magnitude, and di- 
ftance. Greek, fignifying the law of 
the ftars. 

AsTRoxoMico, aftronomical. 

Astrónomo, an aftronomcr. 

Astroso, loathfum, poor, fliabby, 
ragged, or dirty ; alfo unlucky, or 
born under an ill planet. From ajiro, 
a conftellation. 

Astrosame'nte, loathfomly, fliab- 
bily, poorly ; alfo unfortunately. 

Astucia, fubtilty, craft, cunning. 
Lat. ajlutia. 

Asturia'no, an Aflurian, a native 
of the province of Anurias in Spain. 

Prov. Al Ajluriano vino puro, y lanf* 
en mano: The Afturian muft have pure 
wine, and a fpear in his hand. The 
rcafon, becaufe the country is cold, 
being the north of Spain, and moun- 
tainous, therefore he muft have pure 
wine to heat him, and a fpear in his 
hand, either to defend him from wild 
beafls in the mountains, where there 
were more . formerly than there arc 
now, or becaufe being a mountain 
people, they are fierce and warlike. 

Asturias, a province in the north 
of Spain, which has the bay of hifcay 
on the north, Cajiik and Leon on the 
fouth, B'fcay on the eaft, and G.xlicia 
on the weft. It is divided into two 
parts, called Ajlurias de Oviedo, and 
Ajlurias de SantiUana, which are the 
two principal cities of the country. 
Ajlima in the Bafquifli tongue is fail 
to lignify the forgotten land. 

'Asturión, a little horfe, a fmall 
nag or pad ; fo call'd, becaufe thofe 
final 1 horfcs are bred in Ajlurias, as 
with us the little Welch hobbies, 

Astutame'nte, fubtilly, cunning- 
ly, craftily. 

Astuto, fubtil, cunning, crafty. 

Asunto, fee Apunto. 

Asúso, above. From the LM.fitrfHin. 

Asy'lo, a faneluary or place o( re- 
fuge, whence malefailors cannot be 
taken out to be piuiifli'd. 

A'ta, a tree in India as big as an 
apple-tree, but with fmall leaves. Its 
fruit, call'd alfo Ata, is lilce that of 
the pinc-trcCj green without, and with- 
in white and loft, with black feeds, 
(b that it is eaten with a ipoon. It is 
fweeterthan the Anana, fmelling both 
of amber and rofe water. It ripens in 
üivember and December, CemeW, vol. 5. 
I lib. 1, cap. 8. 

L I Atasa'i, 




Ataba'i., akcttk-drum. Arabkk. 
Ataball'jo, a fmall kettlc-drum. 
Ataball'ro, a kcttk-drunimcr. 
ATABAtiLLo, a little kettle-drum. 

Ata'ca, a ladle, Obf. 

Ataca'do, laced, as wonicns ftays 
or bodice ; faftencd ; alfo attacked. 
In cant ic iignifics iiabb'd. 

Atacador, a lace, fuch as women 
ufc to their ftays. In martial aHairs, a 
rammer of a gun. In cant, one that 

Atacadura, lacing. 

Ataca'ma, a defer: part of the 
fliorc in the South Se.r, in the province 
of Loj charcas in Peru, in SoihIj Ame- 

Ataca'r, Prcef. To Maco; Prxt. A- 
tacjiíé ; to lace on flays, bodice, or 
the like ; alfo in martial affairs to at- 

Atacar c/tlfas, to lace or tie up one's 

Atacar tin arcabtiZy to ram down the 
charge in a musket. 

Atadl'gua, the herb loufe-banc. 

Atadillo, a fmall bundle or par- 
cel tied up. 

AtadiUo de almifcle, a musk-cod. 

Ata'do, tied ; alfo a man that is 
good for nothing, as if his hands were 

AtadóRj one that binds or ties; 
or the flring or cord that ties. 

Atadura, tying; alfo a band or 

Ataharra'do, crupper'd ; thence 
fometimes trufi'd or bound up. 

Ataharradúra, cruppering ; and 
thence trufling, or binding up. 

Ataharra'r, to caipper a beaft ; 
thence to trufs up, to bind up. 

Ataha'rre, a crupper, but gene- 
lally for a beaft of burthen. Arab. 

Atahona, an afs or a horfe-mill. 

Atahona'r, to grind in a hocfe or 

Ataíione'ro, a miller of a horfe or 

Atahórma, or Atahórm, the great 
fowl, call'd an ofprey. 

Atahúd, a coffin. 

Ataja'do, cut off, flopp'd, pre- 
vented, run down, or put out of coun- 

Atajador, one that cuts off, flops, 
or prevents, that runs down or puts 
ethers out of countenance. 

ATAjAMit'NTO def/mgre, flopping 
of blood. 

Ataja'r, to cut off, to flop a way, 
to prevent, to take the fl:orc cur, to be 
biief, to put out ofcountciiance, 


Atajár gati/ido, to drive away cattle | word Arabick, íígnifying water and 
to fteal it. 

Atajar camino, to flop a way, or to 
take the fliorteft way. 

Atajar el enemigo, to cut off an ene- 
my's retreat or provilions. 

Atajitr peyto, to withdraw one's 

Atajar razones, to make few words. 

Ataj/irfe tin hombre, is for a man to 
be out of countenance, to be run 
down, to have nothing to fay for him- 


ATAjAsoLA'zms,a diflurber of mirth, 

a racffcnger of ill news. 

Ataire, a poor town or village of 
about 40 houfcs, between Arrifana de 
Sulfa and Canawfes, in Portugal. The 
foil as poor as the town. Alfo the 
name oí a noble family there, which 
pretends to great antiquity, and is prc- 
fcrv'd in the earls of Atottguia, under 
which name fee more of it. 

AtaiíÓr, a deep diih for foop or 
pottage ; alfo a round table. Arab, 
, Ata'jo, alhortcutin the road, or 
the fhorteft way; alfo a flop in the 
way, or a wear in a river, or a flile 
in a hedge. Fiom tajar, to cut oft. 
Atajo de ganado, a penn for cattle. 
Prov. No /ty atajo fin trabajo : There, 
is no fliort cut without fome trouble. 
That is, there is no conveniency with- 
out an inconveniency. 

Ataladra'do, bor'd through. 
Ataladra'r, to bore. From tala- 
dro, a piercer or wimble. 
Atala'do, via. Talado. 
Atala'r, via. Talar. 
Atala'ya, a watch-tower, or a 
centinel or peribn that ftands to difco- 
ver or watch. In cant, a thief. Ara- 
bick, from the word thnlaa, fignify- 
ing take heed, becaufe the centinels 
ftandingon them ufed to cry fo to paf- 
fengers. In old Spanifli it fignified e- 
very centinel that flood by day, the 
fame by night being call'd Efcucha, 
from liftening. Guerra de Granada de 
Don -Diego de Mendiiza. Atalaya is 
fometimes taken for a meffcnger. 

Atala'ya, a town of about 100 
houfes near the river Tagus, in the ter- 
ritory of Tow^;- in Portugal, feated on 
an eminency, in a plentiful foil, has 
but one pirifti church, and a good ca- 

Atalayamie'nto, watching, 
looking out to difcover. 

to fland centinel. 

Atalaya r, to Hand centinel, or 
be upon the watch upon a high place, 
or aboard a fliip. 

AtalvIna; a fort of hafly- pudding 
made of almond-milk and flower. The 

1 flower. 

Atambqr, a drum, or the 
mer. Arabick. 

Atameorcíllo, a little drum. 

Atamborla'r, to beat a drum. 

Atamie'nto, a tying or binding; 
alio mihandinefs. 

Atana'sia, the name "oCa woman ; 
alfo the herb tanfy. 

A tana's 10, Athanafius, the proper 
name of a man. From the Greek athn\ 
natos, imn.ortal. 

Atanca'do, prefs'd or fcjueez'd. 

Atanca'r, to prefi or fqueeze. 

Atañxi'r, to belong or appcr.ain to, . 
An anticnt Spanilh law-term. In the 
country about Salamanca they ufe it in 
another Rnfc, faying, 

Atañeme aca iffa burra, flop that afi 
for me. 

Atanor, a conduit or pipeto con- 
vey water ; alfo a water-cock. Ara- - 

Atanq.ui'a,- a plaifter ufed to pull 
off hair ; fometimes a pair, of nippers 
to pull out hairs. Arab. 

A ta'nto, fo far as. 

Atapa'do, flopp'd, .or cover'dj or, 

Atapadór, a floppcr or coverer, 

Atapadura, flopping or covering, 

Atapa'r, to flop, to cover ; met. . 
to conceal. 

Atapia'do, vid. T.rpiádo.. 

Atapia'r, vid. Tapiar. 

ATAPit'RNA, a garter. FsQttiatár, 
to tie, and puma,- a leg. 

Ataq.ue', vid. Atacar, 

Ata'que, an attack, being the af- 
fault made upon a port or body of 
troops ; alio the works befiegers carry 
on againfl the belieged are called by 
this name, 

Ata'r, to tie, to bind. 

Aturfe, to be belide one's felf. 

Hi ata, ni defata, he neither ties^ 
nor unties. That is, he fays 4.ithing 
to the purpofe ; or, that thing is not 
to the purpofe. As fome fay, it is 
neither here nor there. 

Prov. ^«V?; bien ata bien defata } 
He that ties well, unties well. Equi- 
valent to, faft bind, faft find. 

Atara^a'na, an arfenal, ot place 
to build fliips. Arab. 

Atara''ntado, flung by the taran- 
tula ; applied to any one that is in 

much diibrder, and has many wild no- 


Ata'rcEj the tamariók-ti-ee. 




Atare'a, a task of work to be 


AxARt'ADO, one that has a task fee 


Atarea'rj to fee a task. 
AtaRRAga'do, lUick fait m the 

mire. ' , ' 

Atarraga'r; Praf. To Ainmtgo, 
Vixc. Atarragué ; to flick fafl in the' 
mire. Arabick. 

Atarrague', vid. Atarraga: 
Atarra'ya, a fifliing or fowling- 
nec. -Arabick. 

Atascadi-'ro, a place where car- 
riages or cattle liick in the mire; a 

Atasca'do, fluck in the mire. 
Atasca'r, to caulk a veflel ; that 
is, to flop up all the . crannies with 

Atafcárje, to flick in the mire, to be 
faft that one cannot get out ; to run 
one's felf into Itreights or ditficulties. 
Atava'l, vid. Atabal, 
Atavale'ro, vid. Atabalero. 
Ataúd, a cotíin. Arabick. 
Ataviadame'ntl, finely. 
Atavia'dOj drefs'd, adorad, fet 

Atavia'r, to drefs, to adorn, or 
fet oft". 

ATAvÍLLOSy A fmall nation or race 
of Indians in the kingdom of Peru in 
South America. 

Atavio, apparel, ornament, drefs. 
AtauxÍaí damasking on metal, in- 
laying one metal with another ; alfo 
the fine gilding we fee on fvvord 
blades, or the like. 

AtayíÓr, vid. Ataifár. 
Atayma'do, vid. Tapnádoj 

Atemoriza'do, put into a fear, 

Atemoriza'r, to put into a fear, 
to make one afraid, to fcare, to daunt. 
From temor, fear, 

Ate'nas, the famous city oí Aihew 
in Gtlkce, 

Atlnaza'das, by nip* of pincers. 
■ Atenaza'do, or Atenazeado, nip- 
ped or pulled piece-meal with pincers. 
Atenaza'r, or Atenazéar, to nip 
or pull piece-meal with pincers. From 
tejíázas, pincers. 

Atención, attention, application. 
Lat. attentio. 

Atenda'do ; as, V-xércitoatendado, 
an army that has pitch'd its tents. 

Atenda'r, to pitch tents. From 
tienda, a tent. 

Atende'r; To Atiendo, atendí; to 
attend, to give ear. Lat. attcndae. 
Atem'rse ; Prai; , To m Atingo ¡ 


Pra;t. Atendré ; to flick to a thing, to 
fland to it. 

Atenido, flood t?. 
. Atenta'do, one that proceeds 
wirh much caution ; it ii alfo the fen- 
tcnce or decree of a judge contrary to 
law. From the Lac. atterttare, to ven- 
ture what may follow. 

Atentaml'nte,, attentively, care- 

Atenta'r; To Atiento; to attempt, 
but more properly to feel or grope, as 
ill the dark. From tiento, caution or 

Aierit'arfe, to do things with delibe- 
ration, to be folid or llay'd. 

Ate'nto, heedful, attentive, care- 

Atenua'do, attenuated, fpent, 
wafled, grown thin. 

Atenua'r, to attenuate, to fpcnd, 
to wafte, to confume. Lat. attetmare. 

Aterece'rse, to flarvc, to. grow 
lliff with cold. 

Aterecído, flarv'd, or grown flúíF 
with cold. 

Aterecimien'to, fiarvJng, or 
growing flift with cold. 

Aterido, flarv'd, or fliff with cold ; 
alio floathful, lazy. 

Aterirse, vid. Ateredrfe, 

Aterita'do, flupified. 

Aterita'rse, to be flupid. 

Aternía, I or he would hold with 
or to. Vid. Atenérfe, 

Aterra'do, fill'd up with earth, 
caft down, levell'd with the ground ; 
alfo humbled. 

Aterra'r, to fill, to ram, or co- 
ver with earth , alfo to caft down, to 
level with the ground ; alfo to hum- 
ble. From tierra, earth. 

A terre'ro ; as, Tirar a terrero, 
to flioot at a fettled mark, or a furc 
mark, to ihcot point-blank. 

Atesora'do, trcifured, or laid up 
in a treaflire ; hoarded up. 

Atbsoradór, one that, heaps or 
hoards up treafure. 

Atesora'r, to treafure up, to heap 
or hoard up wealth. From teforo, 

Atestación, attefling or witnef- 

Atesta'do, crammed, fluffed full. 

ViUátw atejiádo de ajos, a clown 
fluffed with garlick. .That is, a furly 
unmannerly clown. 

Atestador, one that witnelTes, or 
one that fluffs or crams. 

Atesta'r, to fluff, to cram full, to 
ram down ; alfo to teitify or bear 
witnels. Li this lalt fenfe from the 
Lat. attejior; in the firit from tiéffo, 

A T I 

flilf, becaufc a thing is fliif when fluf- 
fed out. 

Atestigua'do, tfcftify'd, witnefiM. 

Atesticuador, one chat teflifics, 
afHrm.s, or witnelles. 

Atestiguamil'nto , tcflifyingj 

Atesticua'r, to teftify, to wit- 
nefs. From tefigo, a wicnefs. 

Ateymúz, a town in the kingdom 
of Valencia in Spain, nav Gandia, in 
a plentiful country, but fo inconfider- 
able in itfclf, that it has not above Oo 
houies under one parilh. Anciently 
called Arti'mis, 

Ateza'po, that has a good colour 
or luflre. 

Ateza'r, to give a good colour or 
luflre. From tez, the colour of the - 

Atezora'do^ Atezorár, v'ú, Atefi'^ 
rádo, Aieforár. 

A T H ■ 

A th A NASI A, the herb-tanfy, ■ 

Athe'o, an atheift. Greek. 

Atheista, or Athéo, an atheift, 
Greek, a privative, and theos, God. 

Athee'ta, a wrefller ; thence a- 
ny man chat ufes feats of arms, a 
champion. Greek athleo, to contend. 

A T I 

Atieia'do, Atibiár; vid. Entibia;- 
do. Entibiar. 

A tie'mpo, in time, in icafon.- 

Atie'nca, a town in the kingdom 
of Cafiile in Spain, four leagues from 
the city sigiienpa, icated on an emJ- 
nency, has good old walls and a 
caflle, a fruitful territory, ^oo houfes, 
five parifh churches, one monaflcry, 
two hoipitals, and three chapels. An- 
tiently called l^ondagujia. 

Atie'ndi, Atiendo; via, Atend'r. 

A tie'ntas, groping, feeling out 
as in the dark. 

Atie'nte, Atiento; \\A, Atentar, 

Atie'rre, Atierro; vid. Aterrar, 

Atiessa'do, fliffen'd. 

Atiessa'r, to fliffen.' From ttéjfii¡'. 

Atie'ste, AiifJIa ; vid. Atefiar, 

AtilAdÚra, or Atildadura, the ñ- 


polifliing, or refining of any 

Atila'r, Oí Atildar, to file, poliihj . 
or refine any thing. 

Atina'do, gnc'is'd, or hit upon by 
gucfs ; alfo judicious, difcrcet. 

Atinadame'nte, judicioufly, dif- • 

Atina'r, to gueis right, to find, 
to hit upon things by gucfs. From 
tim, good guefs or judgment. 



Atiscadúra, borrace, a fort of 
^m us'd in foldcring of gold. 

Atinca'r, idem. 

AiiN'o, pood cucfs, judgmcnr, dif- 
Crctioii, fbrclií;hc. 

AriptADA voz, a treble, a voice 
(hit rtichcihigh iu mulick. 

A TIRICIA DO, ytllow countenanc'd, 
tTiat has got the jaundice- 

Atiricia'r, to grow yellow coun- 
tenanc'd, to fall into the jaundice. 
Trom tiric'ta, the jaundice. 

AnzA'no, fiir'd up as fire to burn ; 
alio provok'dj fct on. 

Atizador, orie that Airs up or kin- 
dles fire ; a'lib one that provokes, or 
fets people on to quarrel. 

Atiza'r, toftir up the fire to burn, 
alfo to fct people on to quarrel, as 

Ati'Z'ir una pendencia, to heighten a 
parrel. From tizón, a fire-brand. 

Atisea'do, pcrcciv'd, difcovei'd, 
Tinderilood, coiiiprehcndcd. 

Atisea'r, to perceive, to difcovcr, 
to underftand, «r comprehend. Both 
thefc arc cant words. 

Atitud, aptncis, fitnefs. 

Atla'ntlí, timbers or ftones in a 
buildins;, 'which fuftain the beams and 
juices, lb call'd for rcprcfcnting Atlas, 
who the poets feign fupports the world. 

Atle'ta, vid. Athléta. 

Atlhco, a rich valley in the pro- 
xunce of Tlafcala, of the kingdom of 
Jiltxico, in north America. 

A'to, vid, HMo. 

Atocha, the outfide of the plant 
call'd e/p.irto, after the efpárto is ta- 
ken out, when it remains bruiz'd and 
beaten, fo fofc that it ferves to put into 
beds jniiead of ftraw, or as in fome 
parts ot England they make chaff-beds, 
and to flrow on floors in winter to 
icccpoff the cold of the ftones or tiles. 

Atocha, or r.ticfira pñóra de atocha, 
a nionafiei^ of doniinicans in Madrid. 
So called from the' Greek iheotoces, mo- 
rher of God, and thence, through the 
ij^norance of the vulgar, corruptly 

A T o c H a'd o, fooliili, Ibft-pated J 
dull, fiupid. 

AtochAiMIe'nto , growing dull 
i^r foolifh. 

Atocin\'do, made bacon. 

Atocina'r, to make bacon. From 
loc'vo, bacon. 

Atollada'l, a bog, a quagmire, a 
fiough, or dirty place, where cattle or 
carts flick. 

A t o L L A D r'R 0, idem. This the 
better word. 


AtoIL.i'do, ñuck faft in the mire." 

Atolladúra, flicking in the mire. 

Atolla'r, to flick in the mire, or 
othcrwifc, fo that one cannot flir with- 
out the help of another. From the 
Lat. attoUo, to lift. 

Atolondro.n.i'do, clumfy, or flu- 

Atolondron a'r, to flupify, to 
put a man bcfide himfelf. From tolon- 
drón, a blow on the head which fluns 
a man. 

A'tomo, an atome, one of the motes, 
we fee in the fun. Greek a, priva- 
tive, and temno, to cut, a thing ib fmall 
that Tt cannot be divided. 

Atona'do, Obf. aftonilli'd, amaz'd,' 
bcdde hiinfelf. 

Atona'rst, Obf. to be aftonifh'dor 
amaz'd, or bclide himfelf. 

Atónito, aftonilh'd, amaz'd. From 
the Latin tono, to thunder. 

Atonta'do, foolifh, or ítHy. 

Atonta'r, to flupify, to grow foo- 
lifli. From ionto, a fool. 

Atontas, fooliflily. 

Atora'do, prefs'd or fqueez'd into 
another thing. 

Atora'r, to prcis or fqueeze, or 
ram one thing into another. From the 
Lat. obturare. 

Atormeci/r, vid. Adormecer, this 
and the two following rarely in ufe. 

Atormecido, vid. Adormecido, 

Atormecimie'nto, vid. Adormeci- 

AtordÍdo, Obf. vid. Aturdido. 

Atordir, Obf vid. Aturdir. 

Atormenta'do, tormented, rack- 
ed, put to great pain. 

Atoríientador, a tormcnter, an 
executioner ; alio a very troublelbme 
or offeniive perfbn. 

Atormenta'r, yo Atormiento, to 
torment, rack, put to great pain ; alfo 
to vex or fret. From the Latin tormen- 

Atorocona'do, Troubled with the 
gripes, or rather the twilling of the 

Atorocona'r, to give the gripes or 
twifling of the guts. From torcer, to 

Atcrmie'nto, vid. Atormentar. 

Atorna'dOj cnclos'd, or compais'd 
about. 1 

A TORN a'r, to enclofe or compafs 
about. Both words little us'd. 

Atortuja'do, fquatted or fquee- 
zed flat. 

Atortuja'r, to fquat or fqueeze a 
thing fiat, as a tortoife. From tortuga. 

Atossiga'do, intoxicated, poifon- 

A T R 

Atossiga'r, Prsf. To atofsigo, Pnt. 
atojftgue, to intoxicate^ to poiibiij from 
tójpgo, poifon. 

Atoucuía, a town in Portugal, in 

the territory of Leiria, ■ on an eminen- 
cy near the fea, has a cafile, the foil 
indifferently good, the inhabitants a- 
bout 500 families. It fends rcprefen- 
tatives to the cortes, and is an earldom 
in the family of Alayde. It is alfo the 
name of a family in Portugal, 
A T R 

Atrac'r, Prsf To atraiga, atraes ^ 
atrae ; Przt. Atri'ixe or atráxe, atrúxifle 
or atráxijie, atrúxo or atrato ; Fut. 
Atraeré, atraerás, atraerá ; fub. Prsfl 
Atraiga ; Imperf. Atruxéra, atraería^ 
or atruxéjfe ; Fut. Atruxére, to attrafl, 
to draw, to allure, Lat. attraho. 

Atraído, attrafted, drawn, allur'd. 

Atraga'ntado, choak'd with eat- 
ing or fwallowing. 

Atraganta'rse, to choak ones 
Iclfwith eating or fwallowing. 

Atraillando, drawn, led, or drag- 
ged in a flip. 

Atrailla'r, to draw, drag, or 
lead in a flip. From trailla, a flip. 

Atraimie'kto, attracting, drawt 
ing, or alluring. 

Atramparai'z, a thing quite pul- 
led or torn up by the roots. 

AtramÚzes, vid. Altrannízes. 

Atranca'do, barr'd or made faA 
with a bar. 

Atranca'r, Pra;f. To atranco ; Prter. 
Atranqué, to bar, to make faft with a 
bar. Alio to take large ftcps, ortoftep 
over a ditch or the like. The firil 
from tranca, a bar, the latter from 
tranco, a Aide. 

Atranc^ue', vid. Atrancar. 

Atra's, behind. 

De tiempos atrás, of former times. 

Atrás mano, behind hand. 

A T R a s s a'd o, one that is behind 
hand with the world or indebted. 
Alio behind or ihort in the way. 

Atrassa'r, to put behind, to keep 
back. *^ 

Atrassar'se, to flay behmd, to 
run in debt. 

Atrati'vo, atti'adive, ■drawing or 

ATRAVANCA'RjObf \i¿í.AtrdveJfár, 

Atravesando, or Atraveffado, lay'd 

Atravesa'r, or Atraveffár ; Prsf. 
To atraviefo ; Prst. Atravefé, to crofs 
or lay a-croG. From través, a-crofs. 

Atraveffar a ¡'¡no con la efpáda, to run 
a man through. 

Airavejfar el coracon, to grieve to the 
heart, to move to compaifioa. 

A T R 

'Aitaveffaf la chite, to ciofs the ftreet. 
Atravesar en el juego, to bar a cart at 

Alravejfár en compras, y ventas, is to 
bid up above anothei', or to interfere 
in a bargain either for or againft ano- 

Atravessa'rsl, to interpofe. 

Atravi'esOj vid. Atravejfar. 

Atra'ydOj Atráygo, vid. Atraído, 

Atraylla'do, AirayUár, vid. A- 
iraiUádo, atraillar. 

Atregua'do, one that is mad by 
fits, that has lucid intervals. From 
tregua, a truce, as if his niadnefs grant- 
ed him a truce. 

Atrevenci'a, Obf. vid. Atrevimi- 

Atreve'rse, to dare, to be bold ; 
alfo to be faucy. 

Atrevidame'ntIj boldly, daring- 
ly ; alio faucily. 

Atrevidi'llo, a little bold, hot- 
headed fellow. 

Atrevi'do, bold, daring ; alio in- 
confiderate and faucy. From the Greek 
«, privative, and tremo, to fear. 

Atrevimie'nto , boldnefsj impu- 

Atria'ca, Treacle. Arabick. 

Atria'ngula, a plummet, hanging 
to a~ triangular board, us'd by work- 
men to try their work. 

Atria'q.uero, one that fells trea- 
de ; alio a quack or mountebank. 

Atribui'do, attributed. 

Atribui'r, to attribute, to lay to 
one. Lat. attritiw. 

Atríeui'rse, to arrogate. 

Atribulando, in tribulation, trou- 
bled, griev'd. 

Atrieíjladame'nte, in a Ibrrow- 
fiil manner. 

Atribula''r, to trouble, to grieve. 
Lat, iribiilor. 

Atribu'to, an attribute.. 

Atricio'n, attricion, it is a hatred 
of (in. and grief of mind, conceiv'd 
from icme other fupernatural motive 
befides the love of God, with a purpofe 
to fin no more, and hopes of pardon. 
So defin'd by iolmanmis in Breviar. 

Atri'i, a Hand, a desk to fet a 
book OH. 

Atrile'jo, a little fiand, or desk 
for a book. 

Atrincherando, intrench'd. 

AtRinchera'r, to intrench. 

Atrocha'do, giddy-headed, rattle- 
brain'd ; alio ftopp'd or crofs'd. 

Atrocha'r, to flop a paflage ; alfo 
10 ftrite-OUt of tha way or roadr 


Atro'che y moche, a groitndlefs 
vulgar expreifion, fignifying at random, 
rafhly, or as lome fay, hand over head. 

Atrocissi'mo, moll heinous. 

Atrona'dOj flunn'd with thunder 
or any noife ; ralh, foolifli, or incon- 

Atronamie'nto j fiunning with 
noife ; alio raflmcis or folly. 

ATROhfA'R, Praf. To atrueno; Pr.tí. 
Atroné, to thunder, to make a great 
noife : to become a fool, as if thuiider- 
llruck. Lat. intonáre. . 

Atronera'do, made with loop- 
holes to flioot out at. 

Atropa'do, gather'd, or clos'd up ; 
or in a troop. 

CavaUo atropado, a trufs horfe. 

Atropa'r, to gather into a troop, 
or body, to clofe up. Frcm tropa, a 

Atropellado, trodden under foot, 
born down, run over. 

Atrofella'r, to tread under f;ot, 
to bear down, to run over. From tro- 
pel, a throng. 

A'tropos, one of the three defti- 
nics, feign'd by the poets to cut the 
thread of man's life, when her lifters, 
Clotho and Lachejis, have fpun it out to 
its length. The name in Greek iigni- 
fying unchangeable. 

A T r o'z, heinous, cruel or fierce. 
Lat. Atrox. 

Atrozme'nte, heinoufly, cruelly, 

Atrue'na, Atrueno, vid. Atronar. 

Atrue'ndo, vid. Efiruéndo. 

A'TRur/Q.uE, m exchange. 

Atru'xEj Atruxira, alri!>:cjp, vid. 

A T U 

Atue'ndo, prcparat¡or>, difpofition. 

Atue'rto, wrongfully, unjulUy. 

Atufa'do, that has taken pet, put 
into a fret. 

Atufa'r, to pur into a fret or paf- 
iron, or in a fume. From tiifi, a fume. 

Atufa'rse, to tak« pet. 

AtuJa'doj ObC fir, handfome, de- 

Atu'n, a large fifh call'd a umny. 

Atune'ro, one that catches or fells 
tunny filll. Met. a fcoundrel.or a 
black-guard boy. See it more explain'd 
:n the verb almadraiiai. 

Aturdidame'nte, done in amaze, 
foolilhly, madly. 

Atdrdi'do, ftunn'd, aíloniíh'd ; al- 
fo frantickj mad, foolilh, or inconlide- 

Axus A'co,.ihora or cut clofe, 

A U D 

Atuja'r, to fliear, to cnjreíolé-'r 

alio to broufe as cattle do. 

Atuti'a, tutty. It is the loot of 
brafs, which flicks to the furnace in 
the fulion of the metal, us'd in furncry 
for old ulcers, to dry them ; and pre- 
par'd by fire and cxtinguiih'd, cures 
inflammations and ulcers in the eyti. 
Lat tiltJa. 

A V A 

A'vAj-take heed. 

Avada'do, fordable. 

Avada'rse, to become fordable. 
From vado, a ford. 

Avalia'do, valu'd, rated, or priz'd, 

Avaliado'r, a priZcr, or valuer. 

Avaliza'do, any thing that is loole, 
as a tooth or a houft; that is fallingj 

Avalia'r, to value, to prize, to 
rate. From valor, value. 

AvALON, a province in South Ame-: 

Avalo'rios, glafs bugles.- 

A'vALos, a province in l^ew Spain, 
in Sorth America; alfo a town in Spain. 

Avana'r, vid. Abanar. 

AvaN(^a'do, advanc'd, carry'd on ; 
ovcr-ballanc'd in an account. 

Avani,'ar, to advance, to carry on,, 
to mcve forward; alfo to over-balance 
in an account. French, Av.wcén 

Ava'nco, the advance, or what b 
over the ballance in an account. 

Avandsra'do, vid. Abanderado. 

AvANGU-'ARDiAjthe vanof an ai'my.- 

Ay ANi'co, a fan> 

Avani'no', a little gorget women- 
wore about their neck, 

Avanta'l, an apron. 

Ava'os, have a care, or ñand ofF.- 
A ciownifli f.rc of word. 

Avarame'nte, covetoufly. 

Avarata'r, vid. Abaratar. 

AvARi'ciA, avarice, covetoufneCi - 
Lat. Aviivitta. 

AvARicio'so, covetous. 

Avarie'nto, or j4i'4»-i). Idem. 

I'rov. £/ avaro, o^uánio mas tiene eji te- 
mas menguado : The covetous man, 
the more ha has, the .more wretched he 
is. Becaufe he flill covets and :s never- 

Avarra'r, vid. Abarran 

Avarra'z, vid. Aharrá:c.- 

AvARRi'sco, vid. Abarrifcoi 

A V A s ALi a'd o, made avaílájj. 
brought under fubje<Sion ; alfo- a lord 
that has valláis. 

Avasalla'r, to bring under fubjc- 
dion, to Cibdue. VtomvafaUof a fub- 

A U D 

AudaIciSj boldaefi, «udacioiilíieís. 

A y E 

Avda'z, bolJ, daiing, audacious. 
Xat. aiiAax. 

AornzML'NTi:, boldly, daringly, 

AuDiLXC£'ROs,crycrsof courts, and 


AiRit'NciA, an audience ; alfo a 
Court of juliicc. Ab audietido. 

Auditor, a judge. 

Aiiti.tcr tie armada, a judge advocate, 

Audito'rio, an audience, a num- 
ber of people alicnibled to hear. 
A V E 

A'vr, abird, Lat. avis. 

A've de ciidar, all birds that have 
koad beaks, as gcefe, ducks, &c. 

jlt'M de tedas efpécies, birds of all 
A'vej de cafa, birds of game. 
jl'vei de rapi'ia, ravenous birds, 

or of prey. 
A'ves mHurnas, night birds. 
Alies de canto, linging birds. 
A'les de agu.i, water fowl. 
A'ves de ri:efa, comeflibles, birds 

fit tobe caten. 
Abio'n, a martii;. 
A'gtiila, an eagle. 
Aguilucho, an eaglet. 
Alcotán, the hawk called a lanner. 
A'vade, a duck. 
Alción, a king's-fiflier. 
Aiiejlniz, an oflrich. 
Abejaruco, a titmoufe. 
Abutárda, a bufiard. 
Aguzaniéie, a wren. 
Biiytre, a vultur. 
JJi.'/,^, a fcritch owL 
Cuéí-íc, a crow. 
Corneja, a daw. 
.Calandria, a lark. 
Citiário, a canary bird. 
Chirivi.i, a wagtail. 
Camaya, a night raven.' 
Chotacabras, a goat-fucker. 
Cerceta, a teal. 
.Chirlito, a curlew. 
Choca, a cormorant. 
Cuér%-o marine, idem. 
■Cerceta, a diver. 
Cernícalo, a wind whiifer. 
Cordorm'z, a quail, 
Cafo'n, a capon. 
Oguéña, a crane. 
Cutlito, a cuckow. 
Cifne, a fwan. 
Úíirio, a wood-pecker. 
Bfrnerejon, a merlin. 
Fiilga, a more-hea. 
TayfoTi, a^iheafant, 
Fenix; the phcnix. 
Jfancolin, an Keath-cocL 
Cjrifaiie, a gerfaiilcju. 


Carca, an heron. 
Cavilan, an hobby. 
<jarfeta, a dwarf heron, 
Gtlguero, a goldfinch. 
Cr.i,ci', a daw. 
Callitia ciega, a woodcock. 
Ca.'lititJ, an hen. 
G.i//i/', a cock. 
Canfo, a goofe. 
Golondrina, a fwallow. 
Ilalion, a falcon. 
Uortoiiino, an ortolani 
iifV/o, a blackbird. 
Ketjecilla, a wagtail. 
Oropéndola, a witwal. 
Vincdn, a chaffinch. 
Papagayo, a parrot, 
Paloma, a dove. 
Palomino, a pidgeon. 
Pichón, idem. 
PoV/o, a chicken. 
Pitiróxo, a robbin red-breaft. 
Pezpitalo, a wagtail. 
Pelicano, a peHcan. 
i");-!) ■ifVi/e, a green beak. 
Reyezuelo, a plover. 
Ruyfeñor, a nightingale. 
.S.rci-e, a faker. 
SomcrgHJdn, a diver. 
Talavilla, a wren. 
Ti/i-í/d, a itarling. 
Tordoloco, an owfel. 
Tin-tola, a turtle dove. 
Tor fílelo, the male falcon.' 
U)-f«i-<?, a magpye. 
Verderón, a green-bird. 
Zorfiil, a thruüu 

Prov. jiV /oc wf, f/ carnho, fi 
■uol/i-Jfe : Of all birds the mutton if it 
flew. That is, mutton is the beft of 
meat, even beyond fowl. 

Prov. Todas los A' ves con fus párei : 
All birds with their mates. That is, 
all creatures ought to herd with their 
likeneis, and men with their equals. 

Prov. A've de cuchar, mas come que 
val : Or, Ave de cuchar minea entre en 
tu corriilí A broad bill'd bird eats 
more than 'tis worth. Or, never take 
a broad bill'd bird into your yard. 
The one provcrV is the reafon of the 

Prov. Aquélla ave es mala, que fu 
nido caga : That's an ill bird which be- 
fliits its own neft. A common Engliih 

AvtcHÚcHQ, a ftrange unknown 

AvE^icA, or AvefiHa, a little bird. 

A'vE rENi2, the phoenix. 

Ave'ja, a bee. 

AvEj ARÚC0, or Avejeruco. The bird 
-call'd a wicwalL 

A V 5 

Aveje'ra, the herb balm gentle. 

AvtjoN, \'\d. Abejón. 

Ave'iro, vid. Av^ro, 

Avellaca'do, knaviih. 

Avellaca'r, to grow knavifli. 
Fr<Jm ve/laco, a knave. 

Avella'na, a hazle-nut. Lat. 

Avellana de la india, or arica. The 
tree grows tall, Arait, round^ Hender, 
and divided by knots from the foot to 
the top. Its leaves longer and brcader 
than thofe of the coco-tree. The fruic 
as big as a wall-nut, but longilli, and 
is cold anddry, comforts the ftomach, 
prevents vomittipg, ftrengthens the 
gums and teeth, and eaten does ib flu- 
pify, that people in great pain take it 
to forget their fufterings. It is com- 
monly chew'd with the herb betele. 
See more of it in Chrijl. Acojl. ííat. Hifi. 
£. Ind. See alio Ben. 

Avell/inas purgativas, purging nuts. 
Ray calls them, avellanas purgatrí- 
ces novi orbis. And in Englilli Bar- 
badoes nuts. Monardes, fol. i6. fays, 
the "phyiicians call them hen magnum, 
that they purge violently by ñool and 
vomit, and therefore they toaft them, 
which renders their operation more 
gentle, that they purge flegm and chol- 
lar, are an excellent medicine againft 
the cholick, and expel wind. They 
are hot in the firft point of the third 
degree, and dry in the fecond. The 
dofe half a'drachm tofted. Their fhape 
triangular. See Ray and Monardes. 

Avellana'da, a fort of fauce made 
with pounded hazle-nuts. 

A v E L L a N a'd o, like a hazle-nut. 
Alio a tough fpare old man that is a» 
ibund as a nut. 

Aveluna'l, a grove of hazles. 

Avexlana'rse, to grow old, fpare 
and tough, to be as Ibund as a nut. 

Avellane'da, the firname of a 
noble family in Spain. The earl of 
Miranda js of it. 

Avellíj^e'do, a grove of hazles, 

Avella'no, a hazle-tree. 

Ave'llo, for aver Ij, to have it. 

Avena, oats. Latin. 

Ave'na vitna, or montesina, will 

Aveva'do, niix'd with oats ; alfo 
mad or hair-brain'd^ 

AvenedÍzo, 3 flrangcr, one that 
comes from another place. 

Aveneríado, poiíbn'd. 

Avenenar, to poiíbn. 

Avene'ncia, agreement, alfo a 
cane to take out wine at the bung of a 

Prov. Mas vale mala avenencia, que 
buena fentérici/í ; A bad compolition or 



ágteement, b better than a good judg- 
ment. That is, it is better to agree at 
any rate than go to law, becaufe many 
times the charges of the fuit amount 
to more than the value of the thing 
contended for. 

Avenida, a flood, an inundation ; 
alfo an avenue. 

AvenimieVto, vid. Avenencia, 
Avenir; Prxf. Avengo, avienes, 
«viene ; V:xt. Avine, avenífie, avino. 
To come together, to agree ; alfo to 
happen. • 

Avenólas, the eye-lids. Obf. 
Ave'nqua, a fort of fern growing 
In Brazil. Ray Hifi. Plant, verb, adi- 

Aventade'ro, a fan to make wind 
with, or drive flies away. 

Aventa'do, fann'd or winnow'd. 
Aventador, one that fans, or a 
fan. From viento, wind. 
f, Aventadu'ra, fanning or winnow- 

Aventajadame'nte j advantagi- 

■ Aventaja'do, advantagious ; alfo 
exceeding in goodnefs. 

Aventajamie'nto, advantagiouf- 
oefs, exceeding in goodnefs? 

Aventaja'r, to exceed, to excel, 
to furpafs, to gain an advantage. From 
•aentaja, advantage. 
Aventájele, a fan. 
Aventamie'nto, fenning. 
Aventana'do, that has ra^any win- 

Aventanar'se, to fland expos'd to 
view with open windows. From ven- 
tana, a window. 

Aventa'r, To aviento, to fan, to 
run headlong, as 

Aventárfe el ganado, for the cattle 
to take a fright and run headlong as 
it wer£ before the wind. From viento, 
the wind. 

Aventar Wigo or 'pan, to winnow 

Ave NT u'r A, an adventure, us'd 
much in romances. 

Aventu'ra, AdVo by chance, acci- 

Aventurando, fortunate ; alio ad- 

A V E N T u'r a r, to venture, to ha- 
zard. From ventura, luck. 

Prov. ^lie'n no fe aventura no ha 
■^.entura-: He that docs not venture has 
no luck ; or, nothing venture, nothing 

Prov. ^ién no fe aventura no páffa 
la mar J He that does not venture ne- 
ver croifcs the fca. To the laa^c efleil 
as the former. 


Aventure'ro, an adventurer, one 
that ventures or hazards ; alio a chance 
comer ; a cadtt, that ferves without 
pay. . 

Ave'r, Prsf. To he, as, a ; Prcet. Vve, 
iivijle, uva ; Fut. Auré, auras, aura ; 
Sub. Prsf. Aya ; Imperf. Vviéra, auria 
or Vviejfe ; Fut. XJviera , to have, from 
the Lat. habere. 

Avérfe bien con los pobres, to be kind 
to the poor. 

Averami'a, a fort of wild duck. 

Avera'do, averr'd, athrm'd. 

Avera'r, to aver, to atfirm, Guz- 
man, p. i 7. 

Averduga'do, like a round fort of 
fardingale women once wore, which 
coniifted of ieveral hoops growing 
fmaller and fmaller till they come to 
the walle, and very wide at the feet. 
See verdugado. It is alfo what we call 
carbuncles in the face, or any fuch 
fiery knobs; and the fears left after 
whipping ; in which fenfc it is deri- 
ved from verdiigo, an executioner. 

Ave'res, goods, wealth, fubflance. 

Avergon^a'do, put to the blufli, 
made aiham'd ; alfo one that has been 
expos'd to publick Ihame for fome 
crime, as in the pillory ; or as they 
ufe, carry'd about the ftreets on an 
afs, and a cryer declaring his offence. 

Avergon^a'r, to put to the blufh, 
to make aiham'd. From verguénca, 

Averi'a, vid. Haberia, 

Av e r I a|n a s, four or five fmall 
iilands on the fouth fide of the ifland 
of Puerto Rico in America. 

AvERfGUAcio'N, making out of the 
truth, or examining the truth. 

Averiguad'oj made out, examin'd, 
and made clear. 

Averigua'dor, one that examines 
or fifes out the truth. 

Averiguamie'nto, as Averiguación. 

Averi&ua'r, to examine, to fift 
out the truth. 

No podérfe averiguar con úm, not to 
be able to reduce a man to reafon. 

Aver'no, a lake in Campania, de- 
dicated to Pluto, feign'd by poets to be 
the entrance into hell. 

A V e'r o, a fea-port town in the 
north of Portugal, call'd by the Portu- 
guefe, Aveiro, of no great note but for 
being the firft dukedom in Portugal, 
lince that of Braganpa is united to the 
crown. The firft duke was D. John 
de Alencajlro, fon to D. Gecrge de Alen- 
cajiro, bailard fon to king ¡lohn the 
fecond of Portugal, from whom the 
prcfent family is dcfcended. The 
duke's cldeft fon is call'd marquis of 

A V I 

nrres Ajlvj/. They had the name of 
Alencajlro from the kiii^, who was 
great grandfon to king fohn the firft, 
who marry'd the da'ughter of fohn 
of Gautit duke of Lancajier, which 
name they afterwards affcded. 
Aversio'n, avcrfion, a dislike. 
AvtRTA.MiA, a bird cail'd a Ihovc-' 

Avertu'ra, vid. Abertura. 

A' VES, a fmail ifland on the coaft of 
the province of rtw~;(f7.7, in South A- 

AvESTRu'z, an oftrich. 

Ave'to, vid. Abeto. 

Avéto azeyte, an oil brought from 
the IVefi Indies, us'd by painters and 
phyficians for plaillers and varniih. F. 
Jolb. Acojla, Nat. Hifi. W. Ind. p. 166. 

Avezado', us'd, enur'd, or accu- 

Aveza'r, to ufe, eniu-e, or accuilom. 

Ave'zes, fometimes, or by turns. 

Avezi'ela, a little bird. 

Ave'zina'do, that has neighbours, 
or that lives among neighbours. 

A^'ezina'r, to live near neighbours, 
or to inhabit. From vezino, a neighr 

Avlzinda'do, a place well inhabi- 
ted ; alfo one that lives among neigh- 

Avezinda'rse, to come to live in a 
neighbourhood. From vezino, a neigh- 


Auga'rras, a nation oí Ir.dians, in 
the government oí Puerto Seguro, in the 
province of Brazil in South America. 

A'uGE, the fupreme, the ultimate 
pcrfedion of any thing. 

Augmenta'r, Augmento, vid. Au- 
mentar, aumento. 

Augu'sta, the title given to the 
emprefs ; alfo the ancient name of fe- 
veral cities in Spain, as Augufia Cttfa- 
rea, now Saragdza, in Aragón ; Au- 
gufia Bracarum, now BrÁga, in Portu- 
gal; Augufia Emérita, now Merida, 
in Ef remadura ; Augufia Nona, now 
Torquemada, in Aeti? Cafiile; Augufia 
Valeria, in Aragón ; Aug; fia Afiurica, 
now Afiorga, in Old C.ifiile ; Augufi.t 
Bilbilis, now Calatayiid, in Aragón. 

Augusti'n and Augufiino, vid. A- 
gufim and agufiino. 

AuGu'sTo, auguft, i.Tipcrial. 

Avi'a, I had, or he had ; alfo there 
was, vid. Aver. " 

Avi'a, a river in Galicia ir. Spain. 

Avia'do, ready, difpatch'd. 

La nao va aviada, the fiiips fails 

M Aviado'ej 

A V I 

Aviado'r, a fmall piercer or wim- 
ble that makes way for another. 

Aviamil'kto, rtadincfs, diijiatch- 
ing, fetting forward. 

Avia'r, to make ready, todifpatch, 
to fct forward, to put into the way. 
Thcfe words icklom us'd in Spain. 
From via, the way. 

Avicia'do, grown vitious. 

Avicia'rsIj to become vitious. From 
vicio, vice. 

Avizor, in cant, afpy; 

C/ja avifdr, look out fliarp. 

Avi^ora'do, fpy'd, watch'd or ob- 

Avizor a'r, to fpy, watch or ob- 

Avidame'nte, covetoufly, greedily. 

A'viDO, covetous, greedy. Lat. avi- 

Avido, had, vi). Avir. 

Avielda'dct, fann'd orwinnow'd. 

Avielda'r , to fan or winnow. 
Flora vieldo, a fan for corn. 

Avie'nto, vid. Aventar. 

Aviertame'nte, avierto,\\^. Abi- 
ertamente, abierto. 

A\ie'sso, croís, out of the way, 
frovvard, untoward. 

A'vila, a city in Cajlile in Sfain, 
felted on a hill, near the river Adaja, 
a place ftrong by nature and wali'd, 
has 117 ftreets, good buildings, nine 
iquares or market-places, 1000 houfes, 
befides abundance of the nobility and 
gentry, nine pariih-churches, nine mo- 
naftericsof men, befides a college, fcvcn 
of nims, nine hofpitals and eighteen 
chapels, the country rich and fruitful. 
Fine cloth made here. It fends re- 
prefentatives to the cortes, and is an 
univerfity, and a biihoprick worth 
I $000 ducats a year. The cathedral 
is very magnificent. There is another 
city of this name in the province of 
§iiito, in the kingdom of Peru in South 
America. Avila is alfo the firname of 
a noble family in Spaiv, delcended 
from the ancient earls of Cajlik. 

Avilante'za, encouragement, oc- 
caiion, opportunity, motive. 

Avilente'za, bafeneC, vilenefs. 
From vil, bafe. 

A'viLEs, a town in the province of 
Ajltiriás in Spain, at the mouth of the 
river 'Naloti, and the bay of Bifcay. 

Avilita'r, vid. Abilitar. 

Avilte'za, vilenefs, bafeneC. From 
vil, bafe. 

Avina'do, mi.x'd or drefi'd with 

Avinagra'do, grown fower or 
iharp, like vinegar. 

Avinagra'», to grow ftiarp^is vi- 

A U L 

negar, or to mix with vinegar. 


vm.tgre, vinegar. 

AviNA'Rjto mix or drefi with wine. 
From vino, wine. ■ 

Aviklnte'za, conformity,' agree- 

Avio'n, a little bird without legs, 
or rather with very Ihorc ones, call'd 
a martlet. 

Aviq.uiRÍNA, an iiland in the South 
Sea, on the coañ of the kingdom of 

Avis, a town in Portugal, in the 
territory of hfiremoz, wali'd, and has 
a caftle, in a plentiful foil, fends re- 
prefentatives to the cortes, but contains 
not above 400 families, under one pa- 
riih. From this town the knights of 
the order of Avis took name, who 
pretend to great antiquity, but with- 
out any fliow of reafon ; for they were 
once fubjeft to the order of Calatrava 
in Spain, which ihows them to be but 
a modern inftitution. They wear for 
their badge a crofs like that of the or- 
der of Alcantara. 

Avisadame'nte, dlfcreetly, pru- 
dently, adviiedly. 

Avisa'do, advertis'd, warn'd, ad- 
monilli'd ; alfo prudent and difcreet. 

Avifado, in cant, is a judge. 

Avisa'r, to give notice, to adver- 
tize, Greek abeejlo, to reflefl. 

Avi'so, warning, notice given, in- 
telligence, advice. 

EJUr fibre avifo, to be upon ones 

Aviso' n, take heed, Hand upon 
your guard. 

Aviso'r, vid. Avifór. 

Avi'sPA, vid. Abifpa. 

Avita'r, vid. Abitar. 

Avituallando, viiluall'd, ñor'd 
with provilTons. 

Avitualla'r, to vidua!, to ilore 
with provifions. From vitualla, vidu- 

A viva' DO, reviv'd, quicken'd, 

Aviva'r, to revive, to quicken, to 
cheer. From vida, life. 

Avi'vas, vid. Abtvas. 
A U L 

A'ula, a hall, fometimes taken for 
a court or palace ; alfo for a publick 
fchool at the univerlities. Latin. 

Aula'ga, a fort of prickly broom. 

A u L A G a' R, a place where fuch 
broom grows. 

Aulaqui'da, vid. AJguaqmda. 

Aula'vas or Aulagas, a great lake 
in the kingdom of ttr;i¡ near the city 

A U R 

Aullado'r, one that howls. 

A u L L a' R, to how], as dogs 6» 
wolves do. Lat. ululare^ 

Aulli'do, a howl, like a dog. 
A U M 

Aumenta'do, augmented, increat 
fed ; alfo advanced. 

Aumentado'r, one that augments, 
increafes, advances or adds to. 

Aumenta'r, tq augment, increafe, 
advance or add to. 

Aume'nto, increafo, advancement. 
Lat, augmentum, 


AÚN, yet. 

A UNA, at once together. . 

Auna'dos, confederates, perlons 

Adnamie'nto, confedei-ating, uni- 
ting, combining together. 

Auna'rse, to confederate, to unite, 
to combine together. From uno, one,' 
as if feveral perfons made but one, 

Au'n w, not yet. 

AVNQ.ÜE', altho'. 

A V O 

A'vo, a river in Portugal. 

Avogaci'a, the ofice or the pra', 
¿tice of a coimiellor or advocate. 

AvoGAéi'oN, pleading as a counfel- 
lor. Little us'd, 

Avcga'do, an advocate, a counfel- 
lor at law. Lat. advocatus. 

Avocamie'nto, as Avogacion.- 

Avoga'r, Prxf. Toavogo; VisX. A; 
vogue, to plead as a counli;llor. 

Avole'za, flight. Obf. 

A^oRT^'I)0, avortar, avórto, vid- 
Abortado, abortar, aborto. 

Avorto'n, vid. Aborten. 
A U R 

Aura', he fliall have or there will 
be, vid. Avh. 

AURAS or GaUÍ7iéizas,& fort of crows 
in the Weft Indies, wonderful fwift and 
(harp lighted, good to keep a town 
clean, for they will leave no dead thing 
in the ftreets. They perch at night 
abroad upon the trees or rocks,(,jn the 
morning they repair to towns, and 
ftand watching on the tops of the 
highefl houfes for their prey. Their 
young are white, and afterwards turn 
black. F. yof. Acofta, Nat. Uift. W. Ind. 
I. 4. c. 37. p. 184. 

A'uREo, golden. Lat. aureus. 

Auri'a, he or I ihould have. 'Vid. 

Auricula'r^ Auricular, that u re- 
ceived by the ear. 

Aurora, the break of day. 

Prov. Aurora rubia,. viento, o plu' 
•uia : A red morning is a fign of wind 
or rain, 



A X A 

AvRi'tj fee Abril. 

A U S 
Ause'ncia, abfence. Lit. ab/entia. 
Prov. Aufémia enemiga de amor ; 
quan téxos del ojo, tan léxos del cora f ó» : 
Abftnce an enemy to love ; as far from 
the eyes, fo far from the heart. In 
ihort, out of light, out of mind. 

AusENTA'Rstj to abfenc one's felf, 
-co depart or go away. 
Ause'nte, abfent. 
AusPi'cio, protedion, favour. 
Auste'ro, auftere, harfh, fevere. 
Lat. anfteriis. . 

A'usTRiA, the archdukedom of ^w- 
firia in Germany. 

Austra'l, ibutherly. 

A'usTRo, the ibuth wind. Latin. 

A U T 
Auta'n, as much. *From the French 
mdant. A 'Word only ufed by the 
meaner fort when they have eaten or 
drank plentifully ; as, . 

hebér a autan, to drink iliffly, or 
to a pitch. 

A'uTE, a town and territory in the 
province of Florida in North America. 

Autentica'do, a writing made au^ 
thentick, that has authority given it. 

Autíntica'r, to make a writing 
authentick, to give it a fufficient au- 

Aute'ntico, authentick. Lat. au- 

Avti'llo, a fmall Ibrt of owl, or 
how let. I 

• A'uTO, a publick ad or decree of a 
court, or of a fchool, or other publick 
ad ; a reprefentation of fome devout 
play on Chriftmas-day, or the like. 
Lat. aBus. 

A'uto de ft, or da inquificién, the 
publick ad of the inquifition, when 
they'bring out all their priibners, and 
read their offences in publick, at which 
tune fentence is pafs'd upon them. 
At; TOR, an author. Lat. aiiBcr. 
Autorida'd, authority, flate. Lat. 

Aütoriza''do, authorized. 
Autoriza'nte, one that authorizes. 
Autoriza'R, to authorize. 

A V U 
Avuta'rda, vid. Ahutárda, 

A U X 
Auxi'lio, help, aid, relief. Latin 

A U Y 
Auva'y, a great river in the pro- 
vince of Brazil in South America, in a- 
bout S degrees of fouth latitude. 
A X A 
A'x, an interjedion of complaint 
when a perfon is in pain. Thence 

A X I 

A X U 

Pfov. So digas ax, que dejbofirarüs tu a flrcng ibrt which they call Caribe, 

lináx: Do not fay ax, for you wiil 
dilgrace your family. That is, do not 
cry oh, when you are in pain ; be- 
caufe to complain is a lign of a fain: 

A'x a, the proper name of a woman, 
as Caleb's daughter in fcripture. In A- 
rabick it lignifies drefs'd or adorn'd. 

Prov. Si vos áxa, yo AH: If you are 
Axa, I am Jlali ; or. If you love Axa, 
\ love Halt. It has this double mean- 
ing, and in the firil fignifies, If you 
arc Itout, I'll be liout ; Íq the man 
fays to his wife if flie is mutinous. In 
the other it is the wife faying to the 
husband. If you love the woman-flave, 
I am even with you, for I love the 
man- Have. 

Prov. Axa no tiene que comer, y 
combida huéfpedes : A'xa has nothing to 
eat, and invites guefts. Againft ex- 
travagant people, who are ready to 
itarve, and will make feafis. 

Axadre'a, the herb winter favoury. 
Axaque'ca, a violent pain that 
feizeth one fide of the head. So call'd 
from the Arabick xacaque, to fplit or 
divide, becaufe it feems to fplit the 

Axaquecoso, one that is troubled 
with fuch pain in the head. 

Axaq.uie'nto, troubled with fmall 

Axa'r, Obf. to find. 
Axara'ca, a fnare, a gin, Arab. 
Axara'fe, a high terrace, or a bal- 
cony on the top of a houfe, or the bal- 
cony round the top of a tower. Arab. 
Axara've, vid. Xaráve. 
Asarq.ui'a, a quarter or fuburb of 
the city Cordova in Spain ; Í6 call'd be- 
caufe it is on the eaft fide, which in 
Arabick is call'd xarquia. 
A X E _ 
AxEDRE'Ajthe herb winter favoury. 
Axedre'z, a chefi-board, or the 
game of cheC. Arabick. 

Axe'nte, Obf. for Aige'nt, filver. 
AxENÚz, the plant nigeUa, or fen- 
nel-flower. Kay hift. plant. Vid.- 

Axe'nxo, wormwood, Arabick. 
A'xES, crab-lice. 

A X I 
Axi', the natural pepper of the 
Weft Indies, generally fo called by the 
Spaniards, becaufe this was the name 
of it in the iflands firft difcover'd. For 
in the language of in Pent they 
call it Vchu, and in Mexico Chile. It 
grows only in hot values which are 
watered. There are fevcral colours of 
it, green, red, and yellow. 

that bites very much ; another fort is 
more milJ, and fome fweet, which 
jchcy eat by mouthfuls. A fmall fort 
of it fmells in the mouth like musk, 
and is very good. It is only the little 
fibres and feeds of the axi that bite, 
the reft docs not. It is eaten green or 
dry, poundcil or whole. It is the chief 
fauce, and all the fpicc of the Weft In- 
dies. Eaten moderately it helps dige- 
flion, but too much of i: is very hurt- 
ful. . F. fof. Aoft. nat. hift. IV. Ind. lib. 
4. cap. II. p. 146.'nes, a warm funny place, 

Axijie'zes, the eves of houfes, or 
any jutting out in a houle. ."arabick. 

Axiomas, axioms, propolitions ib 

plain that they need no proving, Greek. 

A X O 

Axó ni'ño, or Axá taita, words of 

no fignification, but ufed by mothers 

and nurfes to ftill infants. 

AxÓrcas, bracelets. Arabick. 
Axorcas de pies, ornaments worn a- 
bout the ankles, refembling bracelets ; 
Ibmetimes ironically fetters, or irons on 
the feet. 

A X U 
Axua'gas, the fpaven in a horle's 


Axua'r, all manner of houfehold- 
ftuff or furniture, or any ftock or fur- 
niture for ufe, but more particularly 
that which the bride carries with her 
when {he is married. Arabick. Refra- 
nes de Ma! ara, F. 217. p. 1. 

Prov. £/ axiiar de la tiiidfa todo en 
tocas: A woman with a fcr.ld head 
lays out all her nock Li head-cloaths 
or rags. Thas is, every body provides 
belt for that they ftand moll in need 
of. A refledion on thofe that have a- 
bundance of paltry ware of a ibrt. 

Prov. Por axuár colgado no viene ha- 
do : Furniture that hangs up brings no 
luck. That is, a bride muft carry to 
her husband fuch goods as may Ik of 
intrinfick value, and will fell or pawn 
in time of need : For hangings of 
rooms, and fuch goods, when a man 
is in dillrefs, do him little kindnefs ; 
but plate and jewels are the true furni- 

Prov. si tuvimos axuar, que lo vi- 
mos colgar: We had furniture, and we 
faw it put up. That is, either when 
people marry, and hire furniture to a ibov\-, which as foon as the 
wedding is over is carried away, and 
the pooV couple are left with bare 
walls ; or when a man is fo ill a huf- 
There is 1 band, that he prcftntly fells or pawns 
Ml. all 

A Y B 

2. i that his wife brought him. Appli- 
ciMe to vaia or profulc people. 

Prov. Sa es iucn, cabMs y 
cantar : Fine hair aiiJ (inging ars no 
i;ood houlliold-llulV. Applied to wo- 
iiKU that are proud of their fmc hair 
and finging, or other ufclefs qualities, 
whom the proverb puts in mind that 
thev arc no !;cod furniture or houihold- 
lluft", bccaule they make them vain, 
aui have no real value. 

Axufa'vna, Obf. an earthen bafon. 

AXUNDTA, vid. EliXIWiiitl. 

A Y 

Ay', Adv. there, in that place. It 
is a diifyllabcn. 

Prov. /¡y »<f las tic-» todas: May 
they all light there. When any un- 
lucky accidents happen, which do not 
concern a man. 

A'y, Verb, a monofyllable ; there 
isj or there arc. 

A'y-, Moaofyllab. an exclamation of 
iorr.pkining of pain or ibrrow ; as, 

J'y de mi ! alas for me ! 

A'ya, Verb, let there be, or may 
there be, or may he have. Vid. A- 

Dios aya miferkordia del, God have 
Hiercy on him. 

A'ya,. Stibft, a governcfsto a^ child. 

Aya'la, a town in Spain, made an 
tarldom by king pl'i!:p III. and the ti- 
t)e cqnftrr'd on Don Antony Francis tie 
Fcn/cca y Toledo, a branch of the noble 
houíé oí Toledo, of which fee more un- 
der the title of Alva. Ayali is alfo 
the ft-rname of a noble family in Spain, 
v/hofc chief is the earl of Fiienfalida, 
tinder which title fee more of it. 

Ayamokte, a town in the province 
qf .indaluzia in Spain, near the con- 
fines of Algarvc, feared on a hill by the 
mouth of the river Guadiana, inhabit- 
td by about 1 500 families, with two 
parifli. churches and one nioniiftery , of 

Ayanta'r, Subft. a dinner. 

Ayantar de gorrión, a fparro^v's din- 
ner ; that is, a very fmall one. 

Aya?}Ta'r, Verb, to dine. From 
the 1.2.1. jer.i are, to Ireakfaft. 

Ayantar cómo pirro, to dine like a 
clog ;' that is, to dine without drink. 
We fay, to make a horfe-meal. 

AYARCS.U1A de Málaga,^ territory 
er diñriñ eaft of Malaga. 
A Y B ' 

Ayea'r, a fmall town in the king- 
íjóm ofKavirre xrxspaiV) about a league 
ixi>a $A7i¿u']Ja. . 



Aye'r, ycfterday. Corrupt from the 
Latin heri. 

Ayer túrde, ycfterday in the evening. 

AviiRvi, a town in the kingdom 
of Aragón in Spain, at the foot of the 
Pyiencan mountains, wall'd, the coun- 
try about plain and fertile, inhabited 
by 400 families, has one parifh, and 
one monaftery of Dominicans. 
A Y M 

Ayme', alas ! woe is me! 
A Y N 

Ay'na, quickly, ipeedily, iboner. 

Ay'nas, it wanted but little, it had 
like ; as, Aynas C[Ue cayera, it had like 
to fall. 


A'y 0, a tutor, a governor of youth. 

Ayóra, a town in the kingdom of 
Valencia in Spain, on the borders of 
Cajiile, four leagues from Almanz.a, has 
a lirong caftle, the country fruitful, 
the inhabitants 800 families, one pa- 
rid), and two monafteries of friars. 
Antiently called Jíí?»c/t, or yaora. 

AyotuxtÍclan, a territory in the 
kingdom of >few Spain in li>rth Ame- 


Ayradame'nte, angrily, paifio- 

Ay ra'do, angry, in a rage. 

Ayra.mie'nto, anger, vexation,, 

Ayra'r, to anger, to provoke to 
wrath. From^i-j, anger. 

Ayrarfe, to grow angry. 

A'y RE, the air or the wind ; alio 
airincfs and grace fill neis, and the air 
of the face. From the Lat. aer. 

Miidarfe el a)re, is for the vvind to 
.change ; met. to change humour. 

Corre ayre recio, the wind blows 
hard, it is a fliffgale. 

3'f«/f ayre, to have a gopd mien or 
grace. una cofa en el áyre, to do a 
thing in the twinkling of an eye. 

Vn foplo de úyre, a breath of wind, 

Mudar áyre, to change one's place 
of abode, to remove for one's health. 
, Dar áyre, to give a thing a good air, 
to make it graceful, 

Pedro tiene el áyre de luán, Peter has 
yohi-s mien. . 

Temérfe del áyre cjue pajpt, to be a- 
fraid of one's fhadow. 

Echarfe áyre, to fan one's felf, 

Mudarfe con cada áyre, to change, as 
a weather-cock, with every wind. 

Ir por los áyres, to go fo fwiftlyj as 
if one flew through the air. 
j Jm0r ''yre, to cake the air. 

A Y U 

7W0 es áyre, it is all a jeft, a metr 

Haze nyre, the wind blows, it is 
windy weather. 

Creérfe del áyre, to be credulous, to 
believe every idle fiory. 

Matar en el áyre, to Ihoot flying ; 
thence metaphorically applied to thofe 
that have always pertinent repartees 
ready upon all oecalions. 

A'yres, in cant, the hair. 

Ayrezillo, a little wind, a fmall 

A Y R 6 N E s, herons /eathers, once 
much- valued to wear in caps and hats, 
and Hill ufed in the eaftern countries. 
A corruption of the French hetiún. 

Ayroso, airy, graceful, that has a 
good mien. 


Aysla'do, encompais'd with water, 

like an ifland. 

Hombre ayjládo, a man befet on all 
fides with dangers or troubles. 

Aysla'r, to make an iiland, to en- 
compais about with water, 

Ay'ssa, the cry of failors when thej^ 
hoife anchor, or any other great 
weight, that they may all pull toge- 
ther. Our failors cry hoife. 
A Y T 
AytÓna, a town in Spain upon the 
river £i>v, now a m,arquifate. For- 
merly called OHo^ifa, 

A Y U 

Ayuda, help, ainftancc, fuccour ; 
a clyfter; alio a fubfidy granted to a 

Ayiida de cofia, a gift over and above 
wage;, a voluntary fupply to bear one's 

Ayuda de cámara, a groom of the 
bed-chamber to a prince. 

Pirro de ayiída, a great dog that can 
defend or aíiiñ his m.añer, or look to 
his h.Qufe or cattle. . 

Dios y aytid.x, God and good friepds. 

Con ayuda de •-jez.inos, by the help of 
good friends, ,, 

Ayuda'do, help'd, aflifled, fuc- 

Ayudador, s helpei', one that re- 
lieves or airifts. 

Ayuda'kte, an aíTiftaut i alfa the 
adjutant of a regiment. 

Ayvsa'r, to help, relieve, fuccour, 
or aíTiíl. Corrupt from the tat. adJK-. 

Ayúdate, y ayudarte he, help your 
felf, and I'll help you. That is, áo 
not lie in the ditch, and cry God hc'^ 
me, but ufe your endeavours. 

Ayuna'do, failed. 

Ayu.sador, one that fafts much». 

A Z A 

AyunÁ'r, to hñ. From tbs Latin 

Prov. jíj'«»íJr, comer trucha: To 
faft, or eat trout. That is, to be upon 
extremes; either to feed very high, or 

Prov. Harto ayuna quién mal come : 
He fafts enough, who has. but a bad 
meal." The poor keep a continual faft. 

Ayunas ; as V.fiár en ayunas, to be 

Ejlar en ayunas de tina cofa, to know 
nothing of the matter. 

Ayuno, a faft. 

AYÚNQ.UE, a fmith's anvili 

Ayuntadame'nte, jointly. 

Ayunta'do, join'd, put together. 

Ayi/ntador, one that joins or puts 

Ayuntamie'nto, joining, putting 
together ; alfo carnal copulation ; any 
meeting, and particularly a city coun- 
cil, or court of aldermen. 

Ayunta'r, to join, to put toge- 
tTier, to couple. Corrupt from the La- 
tin jungere. 

Ayúso, below, or beneath. 

De Dios en ayilfo, under God. 

Ayútla, a fmall river in the pro- 
vince of Soconiifco, part of the govern- 
ment of Guatimala in i^orth America. 
It falls into x\\t South Sea. 

Ayza'r, fee vivjT* 

a'z a 

K'l, fee i/rtZ. 

Azaa'r, orange-flower. Arab, 

Azaba'che, jet. Arab. 

Aza'bra, afraall fort of barque us'd 
in fome parts o{ Spain. 

Azaca'k, a water-carrier. 

A'zaca'ia, or Acacáya, a bucket to 
draw water out. of a well. Arab. 

Aza'che, Obf. filk. Arab. 

Aza'da, a ípadé. 

Azadón, idem, 

Azadona'da, a ftroke of a fpade, 
as much as a fpade cuts at once. 

Prov. A ¡a primer azaííonáda quiere 
facar ¿vua : He would find water at 
the firll ftroke of the fpade. A man 
that would compafs his defigns without 
any difficulty or application. 

Azaíra'n, faft'ron. From the Ara- 
bick zahafaran. Covarrubias fays, it is 
fjom the Hebrew faphar, beautiful, 
becaufe it is of a golden colour. 

Jizafrán rami, baftard-faffron. 

Azafrán dc Lr^ India,, a plant in hidia 
fo called by Europeans, becaufe it has 
the qualities of zafran. _Its flalk is 
compofed of a mais of leaves ; the root 
without is very like ginger, and yellow 
ivithin, and is much ufed in Ijidia to 
coburbrothj for the eyes, 

A Z E 

and for the itch, mix'd with juice of 

oranges, litharge, and oil of coco- 
nuts. Tt is a great commodity in Ara- 
bia, Perjia, and other parts. CMfl. 
Acofl. nat. hift. E. Ind. 

Azafrana'do, coloured with faf- 
fi-on, of a faftron-colour. 

Azaerana'i., a field- wh€re faffron 

Azaga'ya, a javelin. Arabick. 
Azagua'n, vid. Zaguán. 
Azaha'r, orange-flower. Arabick. 
Azahar bravo, a fort of lupins. 
Azala', vid. Afalá. 
Azale'ja, a towel. Arab. 
Aza'r, orange-flower ; alfo ill luck, 
a misfortune, an obftacle, an ace at 
dice. From the Arabick zahar, figni- 
fying.a flower; or rather from its plu- 
ral number azhar, flowers, for their 
excellency above other flowers. 

Prov. hchar azar en lugar de encuen- 
tro: To throw out inftead of nicking 
at dice. That is, to be unfortunate, 
to be difappointcd. 

Azarcolla'r, a town in Andalu- 
zia in Spain, at the foot of a mountain, 
five leagues from Sevil, and one from 
Afialc/ifar. it has but one parilh, one 
hofpital, one monaftery, and two cha- 
pels, and belongs to the duke de Oli- 

Azarcón, red lead ; alfo a fort of 
pitcher. Arabick. 

AzARÓxr., the gum called farcocolla, 
faid to be good for knittinf^ of bones. 

Azas'a'che, jet. Arabick. 
Attavacha'do, black as jet, or a- 
dorn'd with ¡et. 

A Z C 
Azcona, properly a foall dart. A- 
rabick. But frequently ufed for a 
fword . 

AzcoYTiA, a town in Bifcay, near 
Azpeitíáj on the banks of the river 
Vroba. It has about loo houies, great 
iron-works, and but one parifti. 
A Z E 
Aze'bo, the holm, or holly-tree. 
Azebucha'l, a grove of wild olive- 

Azn BUCHE, a wild olive-tree. A- 

•Azi/cA, a town \n Spain on the ri- 
ver Tagus, between Toledo and Aran- 

Azegala'r, vid. Acicalar, 
Azbcha'.r, \\A.AJfeclar. 
Azr'cHE, a fort of black earth or 

Aze'dí, vid. Atedira. 
Azrr>A'R, to fower,- tomakeiharp 
or cac-tr. 

A Z E 

Azede'ra, the herb forrcl. 
AzEDERÍLLA, Htclc iorrcl. 
AzEDiA, fowerncfs, fharpnefs ; al- 
io peeviihnefs and floath. f 

Azedra de eflómago, a crudity or 
íharpncís in the ftomach. 

Atedia ptce, a fifli like a foal, but 
very fmall. 

Aze'do, fower, iharp, eager. From 
the Lat. acetum, vinegar. 

AzEDÚRA, fowernefs, eagernefs. 
AzEÍTE, vii.Azfyte, 
Aziite'ra, \ii. Azeytéra. 
A3E1TÚNA, via. Azeytí'tña.- 
Aíí'LGA, the herb called white beet; 
C.tra de azftga, a greenifli dirty com- 

Azemíla, a boggage or fumpture- 
mule. Arabick. 

Azemila'r, belonging to the fum- 

Azemile'ro, a nudetteer, a fum- 

AzEMiLÓNj a great boobyj a fellow-' 
only. fit to carry afumpture. 

AzEMiTE, the fineft flower. Arab, 

Aze'ña, a water-mill. Arab. 

Piov. Apd.Tindo gana el azéiia, que 

no eflando queda : The water-mill gets 

(that is, earns money) by going, not 

by ftanding (till. 

AzEQUiA, \-iá. Afequia, ^ 
Aze'ra, vid. Hazéra, 
■ Aze'rado, fteel'd. 
A'gua azerúda, chalybiate water,, 
that has had a red-hot iron dipp'd, or 
ftcel fteep'd in. it. 

Azera'r, to fteel, to cover, adorn, 
or ftrengthen with ftcel. 

Azrsico, - a finall pillow ufed in 
Spain upon the great ones on the bed, , 
to lay the head on. 

Azertco de olor, a Aveet bag. 
Azerico de .alfileres, a pin-cu(hion. • 
Aze'ro, ftccl. Arabick. 
AzEROLA, a ibrt of fruit that has 
three itoaes in it, and is of a pleafant 
tarincfs, not- unlike a . little app'e ; . 
fome of them are red, and lome yel- 
low. There are thofe that will have 
them to. be a Ibrt of medlars. 

Aze'ros, thx point or edge of a 
weapon, and thence metal in a man ; 
as. Hombre de buenos azércs, a man of. 

Azlrra'do, in cant, an officer of. 

AzíRRa'r, in cant, tofeize, to lav- 
hold of. 

Azl*var, the herb fea-houfleek. 
Azlve'bo, an antient family inFor- 
iugitl, and the fame in Spain, of whicL 
latter the carl- of Monterey is heat!, , 
Avhcrc fee nioj'e of it. 


A Z I 

Aft'vo, viJ. Azél>o. 

Aze'yte, oil. Arab. zeit. 

Azé)te tie higuerilia, a fort of oil in 
ilic Wffl Inilies, of fomc tree there, 
whcrtof F. Aff/.», in hii nat. hill.of 
the h/Jl bhiiti, gives no further ac- 
count but the bare name ; by which 
we may gucfs the tree in fbnie parti- 
cular rtfembles the fig-tree. 

Azcyte de U higuera del inferno, an 
oil made in Sew Spain of a plant like 
our ipuroc, which the Spanianis call 
}¡igiitr.i del inftrtio : It is hot m the 
firli point of the third degree, and 
moiftin the fecond, and isgood againft 
ail diftempers proceeding from cold and 
windy humours. Noitarttes, p. 6. 

Prov. Ai^te, y w'>io, y amigo an- 
tiguo: Wine, and oil, and a friend, 
muft be old ; or are bcli for being old, 
or of long {landing. 

AziVTtRA, an oil-crufe or cruet, 
or any velld to hold oil. 

AzEYTE RO, one that makes or fells 
. Az-EYTÓso, oily. 

AZEYTÚNA, an olive. 

Azeyttina orciil, a common olive. 
.Azeytitna azebuchal, a wild olive. 

Azeytnna maii^anilla, a round olive. 

Azeytúna lechín, a very long fort of 

Azeyit'tna para moler, olive iit to 
grind for oil, 

Azeytúna caediza, an olive that has 
drop: from the tree. 

Azeytúna en curtido, o adobado, olives 
in pickle to eat. 

Azeytúna fapatéra, a decay'd olive, 
ttat is not fit to eat ; fo called, becaufe 
it Itinks of leather. 

Azeytúna gorda!, a very large olive. 

Prov. Azeytúna oro es una, dos plata, 
y la tercera mata: One olive is gold, 
two filver, and the third kills, or is 
poifon. To fliow they ought to be eat- 
en very fparingly. 

Azeytuna'da, the olive feafon. 

Azeytuna'do, olive-colour'd. 

Azeytuní, of an olive-colour. 

AzEYTÚNo, an olive-tree. 
A Z I 

A'ziA, towards. 

-Azia'<.o, unluckily. Arabick. 

Azia'l, vid. Acial. 

Aíiaeca'zar, a town in Andaluzia 
in Spain at the foot of a mountain, 5 
leagues from Sevil, inhabited by 500 
families ; it is a marquifatc in the no- 
ble family oí Aharádo. 

AzÍBAR, aloes; it is made of the 
juice of an herb call'd by the Portu- 
guefcs Herba balofa, whereof there is 
great iiore in Camhaya, Bengala, and 

A Z O 

other parts, but that of the iiland Soco- 
tora is moil valued, and therefore call- 
ed Abes Socotrina. This plant is not un- 
like our houfleck, and in Spain the 
common people will hang one of them 
with the root and all in their hoiifes, 
and it has fuch a natural moiilure, that 
it holds green all the year. The bcft 
aloes is that which is clesreft, clofeft, 
and freeft from fand and dirt, and of a 
liver colour; brittle, that dillblves foon- 
eft, and is bittereft. It is hot in the 
firil degree, and dry in the third. It 
itops bloody fluxes, dries up inveterate 
fores, heals frefll wounds, and brings 
flefli upon wounds, particularly in the 
privy parts. It is put to many other 
uics, which may be iecn at large in 
Acojias nat. hill, of £. Ind. 

A z I c a L a'd o, polifli' Jj furbiih'd, 

A z t c A L a'r, to poliih, furbiih, 

Aiica'tes, fpurs ; properly a fort 
of them ufcd in Spain, which have long 
iharp iron fpikes inftcad of rowels. 

AzioiA, vid. Acidia and Atedia. 

AziGE, a fort of black earth. Ara- 

A'ziMO pan, unleaven'd bread. 
From the Greek privative a, andzime, 

AziÓN, a ilirrup-leather. 

AziR, vid. A/ir, 

Azita'ra, vid. Acitara, 

AziVAR, vid. Azihar. 
A Z O 

Azofa'ifa, the fruit called a jujub. 

AzoFA'iro, the jujub-tree. 

Azo'ear, viá.Acófar. 

Azofe'ifa, and Azoféifo, vid. Azo- 
fáifa and Azofaifi. 

Azoga'do, temper'd with quick- 
filver, or a man that is infeiled with 
the fumes of quicklilver. Met. a reft- 
lefs perfon, one that cannot be flill in 
a place ; alfo a timorous fellow. 

Azoga'r, to mix, rub, or temper 
with quicklilver, or to infefl with 

Azogue, quicklilver or mercury. It 
is dug out of mines in ilones together 
with the vermilion, for thofe two. are 
always found together. The ilones are 
beaten fmall, and put into crucibles 
clofe ftopp'd, where they are run with 
fire, the quickfilver afcending with the 
fmoke till it meets with fome body, on 
which it confolidatcs; or, if it meets 
with no body, it afcends till it grows 
cold, and then falls down again con- 
geal'd. They do not uncover the cru- 

A Z Ü 

ciblcs to take out the metal till coldj 
becaufe the fleam of them would kill, 
or at leaft endanger thofe about it. la 
th&JVeJl Indies the quickfilver is kept iti 
skins. ^/. Acojl. nat. hid. W. Ind, 1. 4, 
c. II. p. 110. The word is Arabick. 

Azogue is alfo a market-place, {o 
called becaufe of the concourfe of peo- 
ple always moving, like quicRfilverj 
not much ufed in Spain at prefent in 
this ienfo, but in Portugal it continues. 

Prov. En el azogue quién mal dize, 
mal oye: In the market they that gi\'e 
ill language, hear as bad. 

Azoma'r, vid. Afomár. 

A ZÓR, fee Afor. 

Azora'do, frighted. 

Azorado navio, a (hip that fails ill, 
becaufe it is ill Itow'd. 

Azora'r, to fright. 

Azores, vid. Acores. 

Azota'r, Azote ; vid, A f otar, Afotíy 

AzpeitIa, a town in. Bifiay two 
leagues fiom Bergara, on the banks of 
the river Vrola, feated in a valley, con- 
tains about 400 families, and four mo- 
nafl:eriesj and is famous for beautiful 

A Z R 
A'z R E, the maple- tree. 

A Z U 

A ZÚA, called alfo Azúa en Compoflé- 
la, a town on the fouth fide of the 
ifland Hifpaniola, 14 leagues from Santo 

Azua'ga, a town in tiie province 
of Hfiremadura in Spain, five leagues 
from Llerena, feated in a plain with a 
ftrong caille, inhabited by 850 fami- 
lies, with one pariih church, and one 

Azúcar, fugar. lAt.faccharum. 

Azúcar piedra, or Aztíear candi, fugar-! 
■ Azuce'na, a lilly. Arabick. 

Azuda, vid. Afúda. 

Azue'la, a little ax or.,hatchet; 
Lat. afciola. 

Azuela de dos manos-, a <;ooper's 

Azüfra'do, Cnoak'd with briin-> 

Azufrador, vid. Azufrador. 

Azufra'r, to Cnoak with brimS 

Azufre, brimftone ; vid. Aci'tfre. 

kxñ'L, blue. 

Azul ceUJle, sky-colour. 

Azula'q.ue, a fort of mortar or 
cement with which they join earthen . 
pipes or conduits together. Arabick. 

Azula'r, to colour blue. 


B A B 

Aivlea'r, to have a blueiih cafl, 
or look blueilli. 

AzvLEJo, a Dutch tile glazed, 
fuch as we úíé to adorn the lides of 
chimneys, or iuch places. 

Prov. kiinca haras cafa co» azulejos : 
You'll ne'er build a houfe adorn'd with 
Dutch tiles. As is ufed in Spain for 
coolnefs, to fet them about the walls as 
high as we ufually wainfcot, when a 
room is to be hung. The fenfe of the 
jroverb is. You'll never thrive, or be 
a rich man... 

Azuma'r, a town in Sortugal, three 
leagues from Portakgre, of about 300 
houfes under one pariih, and wall'd. 
It is an earldom. 

Azumba'r, vid. Zumbar. 

Azuwba'r, red. floras; alio ipike- 
nard, and daft'adil-fiowers. Arabick, 

AzumbIdo, vid. Zumbido. 
■ Azumera'r, to meafure out liquor 
by the meafure call'd an avimbre. 

Azumbre, vid. Af timbre, 

Azute'a, {eeJfutéa. 


BThe fecond letter of the alpha- 
5 -bet, and one of the mutes, rec- 
kon'd the mean between^ and ph, orf, 
and therefore the% three are often con- 
verted one into another. It is pro- 
nounced fiiutting the lips, as in the 
Latin, In Spanilh there is little, or 
rather no diifercnce at all in pronun- 
ciation between the. é and the v conib- 
nant, .and therefore they are often in- 
differently ufed in writing, as may be 
icen in many words; therefore the 
reader, when he does not find a word 
under 6, may look for it with a * con- 
ibnant, and é contra. 


Baara'z, a fort of root which has 
a glittering in the dark, and is put to 
ibme uies by fuperflitious people. 

Ba'ba, drivel. Haver, as runs from 
the mo> Jhs of children or fools. 

Babade'ro, or Babador, a bib, as 
children or fools wear, to keep the 
Caver from their doaths. 

Babahói, a fort of fmall red poppy. 

Baba'nca, for hobo, a fool. Covar- 

Babate'l, a flavering-bib, or any 
thing that hangs about the neck in a 
(diforderlyflovenly manner. Covarub. 

Babea'r, to drivel, to flaver. 

Baee'ra, vii.Bave'ra. 

Ba'bes, the beams in a ihip, which 
are thofe great timbers that keep the 
fides of the fliip afunder^ and fupport 
i.he decks, " 


Ba'eia, folly, ilupidity. Ifár en 
habiar, to be in a carelels pofture. 

Babie'ca, the name of the horfe on 
which the famous Spaniard Alonfo de 
Bivar performed all his exploits. It is 
now generally ufed to fignify a great 
lazy, fooliih fellow, becaufe it founds 
fomething like hobo, a fool. 

Basil, or Babiláda, a woman's pri- 
vities, in cant. 

Babilonia, the c\ty Babylon ; 
whence the name is applied to fignify 
any place where there is a great con- 
courfe of people, a confufion, a multi- 
plicity of tongues, or a vicious place. 
In cant, Sevil, 

Babor, or Bahordo, the left-hand- 
fide of the ihip, by our feamen call'd 
the iarboard-fide ; but in fleering, for 
fear the likenefs might, confound it 
with ftarboard, they call it port. 

Babosa in cant is filk. 

Térba bab¿fa,the herb of which aloes 
is made ; fee Aloes and Ax,ibar. 

Baboso, drivelly, or ñavery. 

Babovíni, this word I find in Mh- 
fbeiu for a pent^Tioufe, but never in any 
Spanifli author, or elfewhere, could I 
hear of it. . 

■ Baeúja, a bubble in the water, a 
ftud, a nail with a great head. A 
word out of ufe. Arab. 

Ba'ca, vid. Vaca. 

B.i'^A, a trick at cards, 

Ba'^a, a city in the kingdom of 
Granada in Spain, feated in a valley at 
the foot of a moirntain, in a moft fruit- 
ful foil. It contains 1600 ho'jfes, di- 
vided into three pariíhes¡ one of them 
collegiate, five monafteries of friars, 
one of nuns, two hofpitals, and five 
chapels. Antiendy called Bajla, and 
was the chief city of- the Bajletani. 
It is wall'd, and has an old caitle. 

Bacalla'o, the fiih we call poor 
jack ; it is alfo taken for barrel cod, 
or fait cod. 

Bacallaos, an iflandon the eaft 
of Newfoundland ; but the Spaniards 
often call Newfoundland, itfcif by this 

Ba^a'n, a fmall town in Spain^ and 
the name of a noble family. 

Ba'cas de laurel, bay-berries. . 

Bace'ta, the game of baflet at 

Ba'cco, or Baccho, Bacchus theCoA 
of wine, feign'd by the poets to be fon 
to Jupiter and Semele, and to have 
been fome time few'd up in his thighj 
and afterwards brought up among the 
mufes. They alfo make him a great 
conqueror ; all which fables, and- ma-; 


ny more, learned men expound as they 
pleafe ; and much of Bacchus may be 
feen in Natalis Comes Mytkolcg. lib. 5. 
cap. 15. Bochart, i\\ Geograph. sacra, 
fays, Bacchus was the fame as Nimrod; 
for the word Bacchus is no other than 
Bar-Cht!s, that is, the fon of Chus ; 
and Nimrod was the grandfon, if not 
the fon of ^O've, that is, C^am or Clus. 

Bacha'ra, an herb and flower 
call'd our ladies gloves. 

Bachilll'r, a batchelor of arts in 
divinity, canon and civil law, or phy- 
fick. The firft degree taken in thcfo 
fciences, and deriv'd from the Latin 

Bachiller de tibí quoque, a batchelor 
that had his degree after all the cere- 
monies pcrform'd to another, when the 
doftor, who gives it, fays to every one 
of the reft, Tibi quoque. 

Bachiller is alfo a talkative prating 

Bachillerea'r, to pr.-ite, to bab- 
ble very much. 

Bachillera, prating, babüng, 

Ba^ia, a bafon, generally a barber's 
bafon. Arab. 

Bacia'n, a wild fort of fruit grow- 
ing in India, like the mango, and Iharp, 
good for fauce. Cemelli¡ vol. 5. 1. J» 
cap. 7. 

Bacia'r, vid. raciár. ■ 

Eacila'r, toilaggcr, to waver, to 
be unfteady. 
; B.\(;iN, aclofe-ft-.ol-pan, Arab. 

BaciNa'da, what is thrown out of 
a cloft-Hool-pau, or other filth. 

Bacine'jo, Bapm'ca, Bafimco, Ba- 
cinilla, and BafimUo, a little bafon or 
clofe-itool-pan ; all diminutives of ha- 

Ba^ike'te, an iron cap for the head, 
worn by foldiers inftead of an helmet. 

Ba\o, the fpleen, the roilt ; alfo a 
dark brown colour. 

Piov. fiando el báfo crece, (I cuir- 
po enmagrece : When the fpleen or mile 
grows, the body falls away. 

Ba'culo, aflafT. L^t. bacuJum. 

Báculo Fajiorát, a biíhop's croficr. 

Ba'da, the beaft call'd a rhinoceros s 
more properly abada. 

Badaja'da, the llroke of a clapper 
of a bell ; and metaphorically a foolilli 

Badaje'ar, to ring bells, to let the 
clack of the tongue run. 

BADAjÍLLo,a"litíle clapper of a bell. 

Bada' JO, the clapper of a beil; met. 
a dull fello«-, a booby. 


E A E 

BAOA.JÓZ, a city in the province of 
Ejlreniadura in Spain, near tlie fron- 
tiers of Portugal, being but half a 
league from the river Caya, which di- 
vides the two kingdoms, well forti- 
fy'd , and has a good cattle, the coun- 
tiy fniirful, the inhabitants 1500 fa- 
milies, three paiilli churches, five mo- 
nallericsofhiars, fcvea of nuns, three 
hoipitals, and ten chapels. Antiently 
ciWd Pax /¡iigiijla. It is a biihoprick 
worth 1 8000 ducats a year. 

Badajue'lo, a little clapper of a 
.bell ; met. a littlq prating fellow. 

Bada'l, a thing they clap up to a 
horfe's or other beaft's mouth, like a 
little basket or bag, to hinder it from 
eating as it goes along. Covarritbias 
fays, it conies from the Hebrew badal, 
to divide, becaufc it fcparates the food 
from the beaft's mouth. 

Ec't.'ár a iirij badal a la boca, to take 
up a man ib fliarply, tliat he has no- 
thing to fay for himfclf. 

Badalóna, or BaAeUtia, a fmall 
town in Catalonia, antiently call'd B<c- 
iiih, not far from Barcelona, contains 
about 300 families. 

Bada'n.a, leather drefs'd very foft 
and pliable. Arabick. 

currar a uno la badana, to thralh a 
man's jacket, to beat him. 

Ba"di;'a, a watry, fpongy, unfa- 
voury melon. Arab. 

Badelóna, vii.Badalova. 

Bauii., a fliovel;* alfo the wooden 
thing they beat mortar with. From 
the Lat. batillum. 

Badila'zo, a flroke with a fliovel. 

B A D I L L Oj the herb call'd flea- 

Ba'do, \\Lrado, 

Badüla'cí.ui¡, meat .halli'd with 
thick fauce ; thence applied to iignify 
any gallimaufrey or ilipliop. 
B A E 

Bae'ca, a city in the proviiice of 
Andabizja in Spain, feated in a valley 
a league from the river Gaadalcjui'vir, 
has ftrong walls, a fruitful foil, femous 
for its rich fcarlet dye, and coniidera- 
ble filk-works. It contains 4000 fami- 
lies, II pariih churches, lo monafte- 
ries of friars, 6 of nuns, 7 hoipitals. 
Antiently call'd Biacia. There is ano- 
ther city of the fame name, which is 
the metropolis of the province of Los 
^lixos in South America, and is 18 
leagues from the city §uito. 

Bae'na, a town in Andaltmia, 8 
leagues from Cordova, wall'd, inhabit- 
ed by 1 800 families, has fcvcn pariili 
■churches, two monafteries of friarsj and 
■one of nuns. 

B A I 

B A F 

Ba'íOj v'ú.Bábo. 


Baga'je, baggage ; alfo a beail to 
carry baggage. 

Bagaje'ro, a baggage-carrier. 

Baga'sa, one of the names that fig- 
nify a lewd fcandalous woman. The 
etymology very dubious. 

Bage'l, vid. BaxéL 

Bague'ta, a drum-fiick, 

Ba'guidos de cabeza, a fwimming 
in the head. 


B A H a'm a, one of the Lucayan 
¡(lands, which gives its name to the 
well known channel oí Bahama, lying 
between it and the coaft of Florida. 

Baharí, agofs-hawk. Arabick. In 
cant it is All underlin, or novice at 

Bahea'r, to reck, to fleam, to 

Ba'ho, the fteam of anyliot thing. 

Bahúna ge'nte, the multitude, the 

B A I. 

Baía, vid. Baya. 

Ba'ja, an abatement. 

Baja di iimr, the ebb. 

Baja de moneda, the lowering the 
value of money. 

Bajar, wíá. Búxar. 

Bajamane'ro, a gofs-hawk; as 

Bajamón, a river in the ifland of 
Puerto Rico in America. 

Baídos de cabeza, vid. Vaguidas. 

Baje'l, any veifel at lea. Vid. 

Bailade'ra, a dancing woman. 

Bailador, a dancer. 

Baila'r, to dance. From the Greek 

Bailahin, a dancer. 

Baile', a dance. 

Bainíllas, a ibrt of long cods 
growing in Keiv Spain on a plant that 
runs twining about a pole or a tree, 
like ivy. This cod when gather'd is 
green, but is dried in the fun, and 
itretch'd out now and then, that it 
may not iplit, and at laft remains hard 
and blackifh. The Spaniards, to make 
them the fweeter, ufe to fprinkle them 
with rich wine, in which a baifn'lla has 
been boil'd, cut in pieces. They grow 
on the fouth coaft of New Spain. In 
Europe they are generally ufcd to put 
into chocolate, but the Indians, of 
whom we firft learnt the ufe of choco- 
late, and the Spaniards that live among 
them, ufe no baintUa at all, becauie 
they fay it is not wholfome, but put in 

B .A L 

a reaibnable qnantity of cinnamon; 
which is now commonly rejefled m 
Europe, Cemelli, vol. 6. lib. i. cap. 10. 

Ba''io, vid. Bayo. 

Ba'jo, vid. Baxo. 

Ba'ia, a bullet. From the Greek' 
baUo, to caft. 

Bi'tla de viento, a foot-ball, or other 
that is full of wind. 

Bala de mercadería, a bale of mer- 
chants goods. 

Balas enramadas, chain-fliot, fuch 
as is ufed at fea. 

Bala'da, in cant, an agreement, 

Baladí, flight, a thing that is not 
ftrons or laftina. 

Bala'dro, a bellowing. 

Baladrón, a noify fellow, a bully.' 
Lat. balatro. 

Baladronea'r, to prate, to make 
a noife, to boaft. 

Baladronería, prating, making a 
noife, boafiing. 

Bala'go, the whole reed of corn 
that is not broke ; ibmetimes taken for 
a flieave of corn. 

Balague'r, a city in Catalonia on 
the banks of the river S.'gre, wall'd, 
has a ftrong caftle, a fruitful foil, 800 
houfes, one parifli, three monafteries 
of friars, one of nun?. 

Balahústes, v\A. Barahújles. 

Bala'nca, a little fiih in the Eajt 
Indies, counted a great rarity ; under- 
neath like a crab, at top like a tortoife, 
and has the head arm'd with a fword. 
Boil'd it tafles juft like a crab. The 
male and female are always found cou-, 
pled. Gemelli, yo], ■}. 1,3. c. 7, 

Eala'n^a, a balance, a fcale. LaC 

Andar en balan fas, to_ be in an un-- 
fteady, wavering condition. 

Balan^a'do, ballanced, 

Balan^a'r, to balance, to weigh; 

Bala'n^e, the ballance, the weigh- 
ing down ; thence a turn of fortune. 

Balance'ro, a weigher. 

Balan^ía, Obf. now onl^ ufed in! 
Portugal, a water-melon. 

Balancín, a long pole with a 
weight at each end, fuch as rope-dan-! 
cers ufe to poife themielves. 

Balancín de rélox, the ballance of % 

Bala'ndra, the veflei call'd a hi-- 
lander, much ufed by the Dutch, fmallj 
but fafe in bad weather. 

Balandra'n, a caflbck. 

Bala'nte, in cant a llieep, that ís¿ 
a bleater, 

Bala'r, to bleat lilce Iheep,; 



Balaustías, che dry'd bloíToms of 

Bala'x, a precious ftone like a ru- 
by, tho' no: fo rich, 

Bala'zo, a bullct-fliot. 

Balba'stro, a city in the kingdom 
oí Aragón, on the banks of the river 
Vero, ill a fruitful foil, wall'd, inha- 
bited by 1 500 families, has one parifli 
and a cathedral, four monaftcnes of 
men, one of nuns, an hofpital, iS 
chapels, fends reprefcntatives to the 
cortes, is a biflioprick worth 8000 
ducats a year. 

Ba'lbo, thick of fpeech. Latin. 

Balbucie'nte, fluttering or ilam- 
tnering. ~ Lat. 

Balcón, a balcony. 

Ba'lda, a thing of little or no value, 
good for nothing. From the Arabick 
¿alt, gratis. 

Andar a la balda, to go idling a- 

Vivir a la balda, to live idly. 

Balda'do, maira'd. 

Baldadón, a withered or maim'd 
limb, or a man that has fuch a one. 

Baldachíno, a canopy to carry 
over holy things. Italian baldachim. 

Ba'lde, Obf. only ufed now in 
Vortugal for a bucket. 

Balde ; as, De balde, for nothing, 

Querer a uno mal de balde, to bear 
a man an ill will without caufe. 

Balde'o, in cant a fword. 

Baldío, idle ; alio void, wafle, 
put to no ufe. 

Baldón, a reproachful word, abu- 
live language, an affront. 

Prov. Baldón de feñór y de marido, 
minea es zaherido : An afiront or abu- 
íive word from a matter and a huf- 
band is never thrown in one's difli. 
That is, any thing may be taken from 
them without lofs of honour by the 
wife or the fervant. 

Baldonada, a common fliaimpet ; 
that is. common to all for a iinall mat- 
ter. '■' 

Baldón a'do, reproach'd, that has 
had abufive language. 

Baldonador, one that reproaches, 
or gives abulivc language. 

Baldo na''r, to reproach, or give 
abufive language. 

Baldre's, a Iheep-skin, or any 
flight leather. 

Baldrone'ar, vid. Baladronear. 

Baldrógas, Obf. the herb pur- 

Balea'res ijlas, the iflands of ;ír<í- 
j<n;:a and Minorca in the Mediterranean, 
formerly fo called. 


Balene'Rj Obf. a ihip that is dif- 


BallrIna yérha, the herb r/j/ew'/i». 

Bale't, a plant in the Philippine 
illands erowin? among buildinps, and 
fo piercing them with its rocts, that it 
overthrows palaces. It alio grows on 
mountains, and bccaufe it comes there 
to an exceifive bignefs, is much ho- 
noured by the Indians. The root of it 
taken on the eaft fide, and apply' d 
bruifed to any wound, heals it in 14 
hours better than any balfam. Gemelli, 
vol. 5. lib. z. cap. 4. 

BalbÚrria, in cant the mob. 

Bali A, vid. Valia. 

Bauca, a fort of boat with a flag 
on it. 

Balído, the bleating of a fheep. 

Balija, a cloak-bag, a male, or 

BalIsta, ior Baliéjia. 

Balita'r, vid. Balar. 

Balisa, a land-mark or light-houfe 
on the fliore for fliips to fteer by ; alfo 
a beacon. 

Bali'xa, or Baliza ; vid. Valida. 

Ballada'r, vid. VaUadar, 
• Balla'ta, Obf a ballad. 

Ba'lle, corruptly for Valle, 

Ealle'na, a whale. 

Ballena'tOj a young whale ; alio 
a diiagreeable nick-name given to the 
natives of Madrid, on account, as fome 
fay, of one of them taking a clergy- 
man's gown, carried down the river 
by a flood, for a whale ; as we call 
Londoners cockneys. 

Balle'sta, a crofs-bow, from the 
Greek baUo, to caft. 

Ballesta'Rj to: flioot with a crofs- 

Ballesta'zo, a fliot of a crofs-bow. 

Balleste'ra de galera, that part 
of the galley on- which the ibldiers 
fiand to fight. 

Balleste'ro, a crofs-bow-man, or 
one that makes crofs-bows. 

Prov. El ballejie'ro que me loas, algu- 
nas wzes me da en el bianco, mas no 
todas : The crofs-bow-man you com- 
mend, fometimes hits my mark, but 
not always. When a man falls ihort 
of what he is reprefentcd. See more 
proverbs under VaJleftéro. 

Ballestilla, the crofs ftaff ufed 
for taking the fun's altitude ; alio a 
fleam to bleed horfes with, and a lit- 
tle crofs-bow. 

Ballestón, a trick, a cheat. 

Bal Lie o, vid. Vallico. 

Bal.madÚ, a quarter or ward and 
gate in Miüí/Wí/,' formerly call'd by that 
Arabick namcj which fignities -the 


frontipr» or next the enemy, then next 
the country of the Chriflians. 

Balon, vid. Valon. 

Balona, a band. 

Balones calcónes, wide breeches. 

Balota, the ballot or a little ball 
ufed in ibme places to sive in votos 
with, there being black and white. 

Ba'lsa, a pool or puddle of water, 
Co call'd from the Hebrew halas, to 
gather. It is alfo a float on the water, 
or a fiat boat. 

Balsaín, a forefl; near the city 5i- 
govia, where the kings of i/i/i/» divert 
themfelves with hunting. 

Balsaaia'r, to embalm. 

Balsamina, the herb baulm. 

Ba lsamo, balfam of the Indies ; it 
is famous for its delicate fceat, and 
more for its wonderful efttds in heal- 
ing of wounds, and feveral cures of 
diltcmpers. The tree this balfam comes 
from is as big as the pomegranate-trcc, 
or fomewhat bigger, and ibmething 
like it. There is of it white, red, 
green, and black. It comes from the 
tree cutting a gafli in it, whence it 
flows in abundance. Some is pure, 
which they call 0/>í)¿rt^JOT«w, and di- 
ftills from the tree ; the other, which 
is not fo good, is extracted from the 
wood, bark, and leaves boil'd and 
prefs'd, and this they call Xilobalfamum ; 
befides fome adulterate it, mixing o- 
ther liquors with it. The plenty only- 
makes it lefs valued, for it is no way- 
inferior to the celebrated balfam of the 
holy land. It is produced in New Spain, 
and the provinces of Guatimala and 
Chi apa ; but the beft is that of the 
illand of ToIh, not far from Cartr.^agena. 
This is generally white, and the white 
is better than the red, this, better than 
the green, and the black the worft. 
F. ^.f. Acojl. nat. hift. IV. Ind. lib. 4. 
cap. iS. p. 163. Thofe that delire it 
may fee much more in Monardes, fol. g 
and 84. 

Balfamo. To the account above out 
QÍ Acofia concerning that balfam of the 
iVeJi Indies, it is not amifs to add a 
word out of Jl«y concerning that of th« 
Eajl. He fays, it is a finall ihrubby 
tree growing as high as privet, bear- 
ing very few leaves, like rue. The 
precious balfam flows from its branches, 
an incifion being made into them. This 
was the balfam and its trees growing 
in former .ages in Pa'.cjliiie and other 
eallern countries. At prcilnt there aro 
"reat trees of natural balfam in feveral 
parts oí America, but particularly in the 
province of Chile. Pag. 1755, verb. 

N Balsa'r, 


fill with water, to 

Balsa'r, CO 

make a pudJle. 

Baltlo, a belt. Lat. 
Baltrul'tOj a roguilli rambling 

Balua'rte, a bulwark, a bafiion, 
a great work gcntrally advancing from 
an angle of a fortified place towards 
the campaign. 

Balvasores, the great ruling men 
in a nation. We call them Vavafcrs. 

Balumba, the great bulk made by 
many things diibrdcrly hcap'd together 
and covcr'd, and ufed to lignify the 
great bulk one makes that wears many 

Balume, or Baliimen, idem, 

Ba'mea, the name of an antient 
king of Spaiti, 1 1 now lignifics a fool- 
ifh ttllow. It is alfo the name of a 
town ; nd its territory in the province 
of ^.v ic, in the kingdom o{ Peru. 

Prov. T« bamba, yo bamba, no áy 
qu.cri ros túngn : If yoi' arc a fool and 
I a foüi, there will be no meddling 
with us. That is, if we are both 
haughty fools, all things will go amifs. 
We have an odd faying like it ; You 
flout, and I flout, who fliall carry the 
dirt out ? 

Traer en búmha, to banter. 
Bambalea'e, to ftagger, to totter, 
to (hake, to quiver. Greek. 
Bambanea'r, idem, 
Bamba'rria, a name made for a 
fool or idiot. 

BAwBeNEAR, to play the fool. 

Eana'njv, vid. higo de la India. 
Bana'sta, a great basket or pan- 

Banaste'ro, in cant a goal. 
Bana'sto, a porter that carries a 
basket ; alfo a great basket. In cant 
» goaler. 

Ba'nca, a bench. 

Banca'l, a carpet or cloth to co- 
ver a bench. 

Bancaróto, a bankrupt. 
Ba'nc^, a bench or a ftool ; a bank 
of fand in the fea ; a bank of money. 
In cant a prilbn. 

Banco de facijlo'l, a bench with a desk 
before it to read or write on. 

Brincos de fré?¡o, the cheeks of the 
bridle, and the rings that hold the bit. 
Bancos de galera, OUT feamen call 'em 
the thaughts, which are the fears the 
men fit on to row in a galley, or in a 

BA'NDA,.vid.r<í«¿í, a fide; a band 
of men ; alfo a fcarf. 

Bandea'rj to bandy, to follow a 


fadion ; alfo to go from fide to fide. 

Bande'ja, a voider, a hand-tea- 
table, or any fuch thing for carrying 
or handing about of fmall matters. 

Bande'o, fiding, following a fa- 

Bandl'ra, an enfign, flag, or ban- 
ner ; the colours. Goth, banner. 
Banderas tendidas, colours flying. 
Banderilla, a little enfign, flag, 
or banner. 

Banderizo, a faflious man. 
Eanpe'ro, idem. 

Banderola, a little flag, ftreamer, 
or banner; met. any looie rag that 

Bandido, banifli'd. 
Bandines, the lockers aboard a 

Bandír, to banifli. Italian. 
Ba'ndo, a fadion ; alfo proclama- 
tion made to fummons a criminal that 
is fled to appear, or to declare a man 
a traitor. Goth, band. 

Bandole'ras, bandeliers, fuch as 
ibldicrs carry their powder in. Sitio 
de Breda, p. 1 1 i. 

Bandolero, properly a feditious 
perfou, or one that has been proclaim- 
ed ; now generally ufed for a high- 
way-man or robber. 

Bandujo, a pudding, or rather a 
great faucidge. 

Bandurria, an infirument like a 
little fiddle, made only of one piece 
hollow'd, and cover'd with parchment ; 
they play on it with their fingeis like 
a guitar. Its found is very fliarp, but 
does well enough in confort. Greek 

BandÚxo, \i¿. Bandujo. 
Ba'nga, a fort of iharp ihovel ufed 
in the kingdom ofSavarre in Spain for 

Bangua'rdia, vid. vanguardia. 
Bangue' is a plant like hemp grow- 
ing in India : it rifes an ell in height, 
with a fquare ftem of a lighter green 
than hemp ; (he leaf fmall, green on 
the upper fide, and white and downy 
under. Its feed is foaller, and not fo 
white as the hemp-feed. THe Indians 
eat thefe feeds and leaves to provoke 
venery, and get a fiomach. They make 
a compofition of it much in ufe among 
thofe people, who take it for feveral 
purpofes, fome to forget their troubles 
and iktp found, others to have pleaf- 
ing dreams in their lleep, others to be 
the merrier buftoons, others to have to 
do with women. See more in chrijl. 
Acoji. II at. hill, of the EaJ} Indies. 
Baña'do, bath'd or dipt. 
Bañador, one that baths or dips. 


Bañadúra, bathing or dipping. 
Baña'r, to bath or dip.. 
Baniirfe en agua rejada, to bathe 
one's felf in role-water ; that is, met. 
to be very well pleafcd. 

Bañar con cera, to cover over with 

Bañar -vasijas de barro, to glaze , 
earthen ware. 

Ba'ño, a bath. Lat. balneum. 

Prov, jurado ha el bá'.o de no haz.ér 
lo prieto blanco : The bath has taken 
an oath not to make black white. 
That is, there is no waflüng the black- 
moor white. 

Banciue'ro, a money-banker. 

Banq.ue'ta, the banquet, or foor- 
bank, which is a Itep raifcd with eaith 
under every parapet or breaft-work, 
for men to hand • n to fire over. 

Banq.ue'te, a banquet, afeafl, or 
enterrainmtnt. Gothick, banques. 

Bancí,oetea'r, to banquet, to 

Bancíuillo, a little i\ool. 

Ba'o, vid. Baho. 

Bao de navio, the cradle or frame 
of timber brought along the outfide of 
a ihip to launch her more fafely. 

Baoru'co, a province in the iiland 


BapÓR, vid. Vapor. 

BaporÓso, vid. Vaporó/o. 

BaptÍsmo, vid. Bautifmo, 
B A Q. 

Ba'que, a fall, a loG. 

Prov. Chico baque, y gran caída : A 
little fall that makes a great noife. A 
great cry, and little wool. 

Dar el baque, to give one a fall. 

Bach;e'ro, vid. Vaquero. 

Baqueta, neats leather. 

Baq.üílla, ViÁ.VaquíUa. 

Ba'ra, vid. rara. 

Bara'^a, a broil ; alio an obflru-- 
ftion or hindrance. • 

Bara^a'n, a Ibrt of coarfe camlets 
made in Flanders, whereof they fend 
great quantities into Spain and the IVeJl 
Indies. The Englilh merchants give 
them no other name. 

Baracoa, a town in the ifland of 
Cuba in America. 

Barade'ro, vid. Varadero. 

Baraga'n, a fort of fine carpet, 

Earaha', the Jewiili prayers or de- 
votions, as falá is the Mooriih, From 
the Hebrew barach, to bhls. 

Barahúnda, tumult, confufion, 

BarahusTACÓR, in cant a poinarj. 


Barahusta'r, to ruih in among 
weapons, and make way ; alfo to aoü 
weapons to keep out an eneroy. 

Barahustea'r, idem. 

Barahustes, baniílers for galeries 
or Hairs ; and formerly a Ibrt of great 
darrs that were caft out of an engine. 

Bara'ja, a confufion, a fray, a 
quarrel : alfo a pack of cards. Arab. 

Bchárfe en ¡a baraja, to defifl: from 
what one was about, to throw up the 

Barajadór, the dealer at cards, 
or he that ihuffles. 

Baraja'r, to fliuffle cards ; alfo to 
quarrel, to embroil. 

Baraja ¡>a¡ábras, to babble, to chop 

Barajar el dado que otro ha echado, 
to bar and ihake the dice another has 

Prov. parido tino no quiere, dos m 
barajan : When one will not, two do 
not quarrel, or íhufEe the cards. That 
is, if one man be peaceable, all quar- 
rels will be avoided between two ; or 
if one will not play, there is no {port 
for two. 

Bara'jas, a town and earldom near 
Madrid, and another in Aragón, call'd 
Barajas de Huéte. 

Baraje'l, a provoft of an army. 

Bara'l, vid. Farál, 

Bara'nda, vid. T'aránda. 

Bara'r, vid. rarár. 

Bara'ta, barter, or bartering. 

Barata'r, to fell cheap, to cheap- 
en ; alfo to cheat, and to barter. 

Barateri'a, fraud, deceit, 

Barati'jas, pedlars ware, or things 
of fmall value. 

Barati'llo, cheap ; alfo a place in 
the market where mean goods are ibid 
for a finall matter. 

Barati'sta, a broker, alio a cheat. 

Bara'to, cheap. 

Barato is alio money given to ftan- 
iders by at play, by the winner, which 
is {} iuCaal in Spain wherever there is 
play, that there are many who live 
only by frequenting gaming-houfes,and 
receiving the bounty of winners. 

Meter a barato, to carry things by 
noiíé, to make a difturbance to compafs 
one's ends. 

Prov. El barato de yuan del Carpió : 
¡fohn del Carpió % bounty received at 
play. They fay, he waited on game- 
fters all the night, fnufling the candles, 
and bearing their impertinences, till at 
laft they fell out, and throwing the 
candlefticks at one another, broke his 
head, which was all he got. This 
proverb is therefore apply 'd to any man 


who is ill rewarded or abus'd after 
much attending, or doing fervice. 

Baratón, a cheap thing, or one 
that fells cheap. 

Ba'ratro, hell. Borrow'd from 
the Greek baratlron, and ufed by po- 

Baravía, a river in the province 
of Siw Galicia, in Kirth America. 

Barauste, a bannifter. 

Bara'z, hindrance, obílruílion. 

Bara'ea, vid. Baraca. 

Ba'rba, the beard, or the chin ; 
alio the fmall firings of a root. Lat. 

Barba cabruna, an herb call'd goats- 
beard ; or a man's beard that looks 
like a goat's. 

Barba de Aron, vid. Aaron. 

Burba, de baUina, whalebone. 

Barba cabrona, the herb goats- 

Hombre de barba, a man of reputa- 

Dea'rfelo en fus barbas, to fay a thing 
to a man's face. 

Arremeter a ¡as barbas, to fly at a 
man's face. 

Peliwfe las barbas, to tear a man's 
beard for anger. 

Llevar a tino de la barba, tb lead a 
man by the beard ; we fay by the 

Efcotár tanto por barba, to pay fo 
much a head, to club, 

Ech/ir la buena barba, to flatter a 
man out of his money. 

Prov. Barba a barba "verguénfa fe 
cata : Face to face íhame appears, 
That is, men are aihamcd to do that 
face to face, which they would in pri 
vate, or before a third perfon. 

Prov, Hazme la barba, y haréte el 
copete: Trim my beard, and I'll trim 
your foretop. That is, one good turn 
deferves another. 

Prov. Diga barba que haga : Let the 
beard advife what to do. That is, let 
a man's beard put him in mind that he 
is a man, that he may not be unfteady 
or covi^ardly, or do any thing misbe- 
coming him. 

Prov. Traer la barba fibre el hombre : 
To carry one's beard on his ihoulder. 
That is, to be upon one's guard ; be- 
caufe he that is afraid often looks be - 
hind, and ib his beard comes to be o- 
ver his ilioulder. 

Prov. ^ando vieres la barba de tu 
vezino pelar, echa la tuya en remojo: 
When you fee your neighbour's beard 
taken off, lay yours in loak, or lather 
ir. That is, when we fee any mif- 
fortune befall thofe that are like us, 
or under the fame circumftanees, we 


muft prepare for the like. 

Prov. CaUen barbas, y hablen cartas ! 
Let beards be lilent, and papers fpcak. 
Let us talk no more, but be try'd by 
what is under black arid white. 

Prov. Apoca búrba, poca vcrgu^nca: 
Little beard, and little flranie. Young 
raw people are commonly bold and im- 

Prov. A las barbas con dineros honra 
házen los cavaUeros: Gentlemen do ho- 
nour to beards with money. That is, 
tho' old age of it felf is faid to be ho- 
nourable, yet great men will not value 
it, unleis liipported by wealth. 

Prov. Burba remojada medio rapada : 
A beard that is foak'd or lather'd is 
half ihav'd. A thing well begun i» 
half done. 

Prov. Barba de tres colores no la traen 
fino es traydires : None but traitors 
wear a beard of three colours. The 
Spaniards look upon it as a certa infigii 
of a falfe heart, to fee fcveral colours 
in a beard. 

Prov, piales barbas, tales iovújas : 
Such beard, fuch towels. It is good 
enough for fuch a peribn. 

Prov. En la barba del ruyn fe en- 
féña el barbero : The barber praftifes 
upon the mean man's beard. This they 
fay when one offers to make an experi- 
ment upon another. 

Prov. A barba muerta poco verguén- 
fa: There is little refpedl paid to the 
dead. Every man infults or talks of 
them as he pleafes. 

Prov. A'ntes barba cana para tu hija, 
que muchacho de chrencha partida : Ra- 
ther choofe a man with a grey beard 
for your daughter, than a boy that has 
his hair finely parted. That is, rather 
marry your daughter to a ftay'd man, 
that will provide for and be kind to 
her, than to a young fop that will 
ilight her, and fpend all (he has. 

is a parapet on the outfide of the ram- 
part, two or three fathom diftance 
from it, and fianding over the edge of 
the ditch ; hence applied to lignify any 
low wall of a court-yard, or the yard 
it felf. Sometimes, but not often, it 
is ufed for a buttrefs. It is alfo a grey 

BAREACANE'RA/inM, a whorc that 
plies about the walls of towns, or a 

Barbace'na, a town of 1 50 houies 
in Portugal. 

Barbacoa, a fcafTold, or any fuch 
like place raifed high above the ground ; 
alfo a couch or bed made of canes in 
the Ji'ejl Indies. 

N :. Barba da. 


Barbada, the water-chains of a 

bridle, or the rings that hold the bit to 


Barba'dAjOhc of theCaribbcillands 

cf Sort!' Amtrica. 

BxREADOj bearded, that has a 

Barbadúra, the beard. 

Barcalimpia, a fiiiall town ia the 
billioprick ct Cuenca in Spain. 

BA'RBAtos, a town lu the territory 
of Salamanca in Spain. 

Barea'ncAj a confufed noiic, a 
charm cf many voices. 

Barba'r, to begin to have a beard, 
CO put on a beard, 

Ba'rbara, the proper name of a 

Barbarame'nte, barbaroufly. 

Barbaria, or Barbarid/td, barba- 

Barbarismo, a barbarifm in fpeak- 
ing or writing ; alfo all barbarous na- 

Ba'rbaro, barbarous, a barbarian- 

Basearoxa, a red beard, and the 
fiimous Turkilh pyrate Barbariifa. 

Ba'rbas de galla, a cock's challows 
or gills, the red laps that hang under 
his beak. 

Barba'sco, the herb mullein. Lat. 

Barbecha'do, plow'd up. 

Bareecha'r, to plow or break up 
the ground. 

Baree'cho, plow'd ground. 

Bareecilla, a little beard. 

Bar b e ] ó n e s, the fetlock of a 
horfe. . 

Barbería, a barber's Ihop. 

Baree'ro, a barber. 

Barbi rote de galera, he that trims 
the galley-). aves. 

Barbu'ta, the tackle aboard a ihip 
to hoife in the boat. 

Barbezilla, a little beard. 

Bareica'cho, aftay, fillet, or rib- 
Ion that comes under the chin. 

Barbiespe'so, thick bearded. 

Barbilla, the chin, or a little 

Barbilúzio, one that has a red 

Barbiponie'nte, one that begins 
10 have a beard. 

Ba'rbo, the dñx called a barbel. 

Barbo de la mar, a mullet. 

Barbón, a great childiíh fellow, a 

Barbo q.ue'xo, a muffler. 

Barbote, the part of the helmet 
that covers the chin. 

Barbuda, one of the Caribbe iflands 
iQ Arjmtfa j alfo a woman that has a 


Barbudíllo, a little bearded fel- 
low ; alio a water dog. 

Barbudo, one that has a great 

Barbulla, vid. Barbullón. Alfo a 
cheat, a knavilli trick. 

BARBuLLAHut'Nio, deceit, kna- 
I virtinefs. 

Bareulla'r, to bubble, or boil up ; 
alfo to cheat, to play the knave. 

Barbullería, cheating, playing 
the knave. 

Barbuti'jas, the bubbles in the 
water when it rains. 

Ba'rca, a barque, a great boat. 

Barca'da, a boatful. 

Barca'ge, palfage-money, a duty 
paid for things carried acrofs a river. 

Barcarrota, or vWa Nueva de 
Barcarróta, a town in Eflremadura in 
Spain, 7 leagues from Badajoz, has a 
itrong caftle, a fruitful territory, 500 
houfes, 1 pariflies, and i monaftery. 

Barcelona, the metropolis oí Ca- 
talonia in Spain, a good port in the 
Mediteranean, feated in a fruitful val- 
ley under the moxxatinx Monjiiy, ftrong- 
ly fortify'd, inhabited by 1500 fami- 
lies, belides abundance of nobility and 
gentry,» has 9 parifties, 19 monafleries 
of men, 15 of nuns, 6 colleges, and 6 
hoipitals. It is an univerlity, and a 
biflioprick worth liooo ducats a year. 
There is a houfe in it call'd Capia li- 
mofna, where 300 poor are fed every 
day in the year. Its antient name was 
Barcinone, given it by Amilcar Barci- 
nas, corruptly Barcelona, though after- 
wards Scipio Africanus call'd. it Faven- 
cia. . 

BAKCs.tOY!ifs faldádo, in canta buck- 

Barce'los, a town in Portugal near 
the. river Cavado, in the territory of 
Viana:, has about 400 houfes, and was 
a dukedom, the title always given to 
the eldeft fon of the duke oÍBraganpa. 

Ba'rco, a boat. 

Barco luengo, a barco-longo, which 
is a fwift fort of veflel ufed in the 

Barco otorgado, a fort of boat uied in 
Spain between a gabboard and a barco- 

Ba'rda de cavallo, armour for a 

Barda de muralla, the covering on 
the top of a wall, whether of board, 
itone, or any other. 

Bardadúra, idem. 

Barda'jo, a bardaih, a boy that 
fuffers Ibdomy. 

Barda'l, any enclofure. 

B.\rda'nAj the great bur, orc.ot 


bur ; alfo a coarfe fort of cloth. 

Barda'r, to lay boards, timber, or 
ftones on a wall, to keep the rain from 
Ibaking into it. 

Bardar las viñas, to prune the vines, 

Barda'sca, a rod, a Avitch. 

Bardasca'zo, a flroke with a rod 
or fwitch. 

Barda'xo, vid. Bardáje. 

Baretea DO, bariy, ftreaky, firiped. 

Barilla, vid. Varilla. 

Barjele'ta, a male or portman- 

Bariciuiceme'to, a territory and 
a river in the provmce of Venezuela in 
South America. 

Barítono, a voice between a te- 
nor and a bafe. 

Barjule'ta, a purfe, or rather a 
pouch, which does not draw together, 
but is fliut with a flap folding over. 

Barloa'r, or Barloventear, is to 
ply to the windward ; alio to ply up 
and down, or to cruize about. 

Barlove'nto, the windward. 

Barni'z, verniih. Lat. -jernix, 

Barniza'do, vernifh'd. 

Barnizador, a verniiher. 

Barniza'r, to verniih. 

Barome'rto, a barometer, a wea-; 

Barón, a baron ; alio a man. Vid. 

Baroni'a, a barony. 

Baroni'l, manly. 

Barq,ue'ro, a waterman, a boat-; 

Barq,ueról, idem. 

Barque'ta, a fmall boat. 

Barqui'lla, idem. 

Ducado de la barquilla, a ducat that 
had a boatfiamp'd on it. 

Earqui'llos, large wafers rolled 
up, and fweet, to eat. 

Barqui'no, a bag for a clyfier. 

Ba rra, an iron or a wooden bar, 
the bar at the entrance into a harbour ; 
a grofs fpun thread in cloth ; a bar of 
lilver or gold, and a barrier. Tlhe fil- 
ver bars that come from the iVeJi Indies, 
Acojla fays, weigh each 64 or Í5 
marks, each mark being 3 ounces. 

Banas de cabefiránte, the capftain- 
bars, being fmall pieces of timber to 
put into the barrel of the capftain thro' 
fquarc holes, by which men turn the 
capfiain to heave the anchor. 

Efiirar la Sarra, to pitch the bar be- 
yond another, to outdo him. 

Ejlár en barras, to lie clofe to the 
ring, at a game where they ftrike a 
ball through a ring, as in che port ac 
billiards ; and thence to be upon the 
point of conipleatipg one's bulmels. 


De barra a barra, from end to end. 
Earra'ca, a barrack or hut, fuch 
as foliiicrs make to lie in, or filhermeii 
on the fi:a-fide. ! 

Barrache'l, a pr voft in an army ; j 
alio an .officer to apprehend robbers. 

Barra'co, a tame boar ; alió a 
fmall fort of cannon. 

Barraca' N, a great luily fellow ; 
alfo a batchelor. Arabick. 

B A R R A G a'n a, a great ramping 
wench, a llngle woman ; alio a flrum- 

Barragana'da is ibmetimes taken 
for a ftoiit adion, ibmetimes for whore- 

Barragane'te, an out piece of 
wood on the fide of a ihip to fañen 
íbme of the tackling to. 

Barragani'a, celibacy, the ilate of 
a fingle life ; alio whoredom. 

Prov. Mucho comer no es barragam'a, 
«i pajfar hambre hidalguía : To eat 
much is no whoredom, nor to ilarve 
no gentility. 

Barra'jo, ftrife, contention. 
Barra' N, a clown, a ruftical fellow. 
Barra'nca, vid. Barranco. 
Barra'nca de Melámba, a cuílom- 
houíe on the river of St. M^^rf^/e«, 30 
leagues from Carthagena, and i o from 
St. Maria in the province of that name 
in South America. 

Barra'nxto, a flough in a road, a 
deep place where the ground is broken 
up, a place where cattle are iluck ; al- 
fo a rub in a way. 

Barrancoso, rugged, uneven, full 
of Houghs and ridges. 

Barra CJ.U a'n, one of the names of 
the great river Oromque in South Ame- 

Barra c^ui'lla, a little barrack; 
alfo a little cabbin in a ihip. 

Barra qui'iLo, a little boat ; alfo 
a fmall piece of cannon. 

Barra'r, tobar, to make fail. 
Ba'fjlas, any forts of bars, and 
barry in heraldry. 

yn^go de barras, a game with bowls 
tobe drove through an iron ring. 

Barre'zas, a poor town of about 
80 houies in the kingdom oi Valencia 
in Spain. 

Barrea'do, barr'd,. or firengthen- 
ed with bars ; barry in heraldry. 
Barrea'r, to bar. 
Barrede'ra red , a drag-net. 
Barredera vela, a fail that" hangs fo 
ow that it fiveeps the hatches. 

Earrede'ro, a broom, or any thing 
to fweep with. 

Barrldor, a fweeper. ■ 


Barreduras, fwcepings, the dirt 
fwcpt together. 

Barre'n, the rifing part of a great 
faddle, which holds in the rider, 

Barre'na, a nail'picrcer or auger. 
Arabick. Alio that part of the faddle' 
to which the ftirrups hang. 

Barrena'do, pierced or bored. 

Barrenado de cáfcos, that has had his 
skull bored, or has no brains. 

Barrena'r, to pierce or bore. 

Barrende'ro, a fweepcr. 

Barreni'lla, a iinall piercer or 

Barren i'llo, a furgeon's inftru- 
ment to trapan a broken skull ; alfo 
a fmall piercer. 

Barre'Sa, or Baneño, an earthen 

Barreñón, a great earthen pan. 

Barre'no, a piercer or auger, or 
the hole made with one. 

Dar harr.TJO a un na-ii'o, to fink a 
ihip by boring holes in it. 

Barre'r, to fweep. Lat. verro. 

Barrer todo lo que áy, or dexar la 
cafa barrida, to fweep away all. 

Barre'ra, a barrier ; alfo a clay- 
pit. In the firft fcnfe from barra, a 
bar ; in the fecond from barro, clay. 

Barre'ta, a little bar. 

Barrí a'l, a clayiih fpot of ground, 
a clay-pit. 

Barri'do, fwept. 

Barrie'nto, full of clay. 

Barri'ga, the belly, the paunch. 

Traer barriga, to be with child. 

Bazér la pared barriga, is for the. 
wall to belly out. 

Barrigudo, that has a great btlly. 

Barrigue'la, BarriguiUa, or Bar- 
raguita, a little belly. 

Barri'l, any fon of cask or barrel ; 
as alfo an earthen veflel with a great 
belly and narrow neck, in which har- 
veft men carry drink into the fields. 

Barrile'jo, a little cask or barrel. 

Barrile'ro, a cooper. 

Barrili'llo, a little cask or barrel. 

Barri'lla, a little bar ; alfo the 
herb glaffwort, of which fee more, 
verb. Aimaial, Covarub. 

Ba'rrio is now a ward or quarter 
in a town, but originally it fignified 
only a farm-houfe. 

El trigo a barrios, the corn 
grows by patches. 

Barbas que crecen a barrios, a beard 
that grows by tufts at a diftance from 
one another From the antient fignifi- 
cation of barrios, which were fcatter'd 
and diilant houfes. Of fuch a beard 
we fay, here a bulhj aad there a 

B A S 

Barri'sco, \\i. Abarrifca, 
Barrj'to, fo they call che noí.'é 
the elephant makes as that of a horfc 
neighing, of an als braying, &c. 
Ba'rro, clay, alio mortar. Arab. 
Barron, a great earthen pan, 
Ba'rros de rujiro, pimples or car- 
buncles in the face. 

Barroso, clayiüi ; or a pimply 

Barróte, Obf. a great bar. 
Barrotes, fee Abarrotes. 
Barrue'cos fo they call the peafl 
that is not round, but ill fliaped. From 
berri'tgas, warts. 

Barrunta'do, gueü'd, imagin'd, 

Barrunta'r, to guefs at a thing 
by fome fign, token, or fymptom ; to 
imagine, to prefume upon fome ground. 
From barrera, a boggy place, where the 
huntfman feeing the print of a boar's 
body judges by it how big he is, and 
by ths track which way he is gone. 
Barruntes, Obf. fpies. 
Barrunto, guefs, prefumption, i- 

Bartolo, the nick-name loBartho' ' 

Bartolomé', Bartholomew. 
Bartolomi'co, little Barthohme-w. 
Barú, a fmall iiland on the coaft of 
Carthagena in South America, 
Ba'rva, vid. Barba. 
Barva'do, Barvar; vid. Barbado^ 

Barva'sco, vid. Barbáfco. 
Barvecha'do, broken or plow'd 

Barvecha'r, to break or plow up. 
Barvechár alfándo, to break up 
ground the firft time. 

Barbechar binando, to plov/ over a 
fecond time. 

Barvechar terciando, to plow ovei a 
third time. 

Barvechazón, the feafon, or the 
acl of plowing. 

Barve'cho, plow'd ground ; alfo 
a fallow field, 

Barveri'a, vid. Bíii-Jtnár. 
Barve'ro, vid. Barbero. 
Barve'ta, vid. Barbeta, 
Barve-zi'lla, Barbilla, vid, Bai- 
beztlía, BarhíUa. 

Ba'rvo, vid. Barbo. 
BarvÚllas, vid. Barbullas. 

B A S 
B a'sa, the bafe or pedeílal on whicli 
a pillar, or flatue, or any other thing 

Báfas, the cards won at play. 
No dexar haz.ér báfa, to talk all 
without fwí _£he kII ti- put in a < 

word i 

B A S 

word ; alluJin:; to not let them win a 
trick at cards. 

La J'tñal de/ fvn¿e bafa prieta, a fca- 
tcrm in founding, (Tgnifying the fanJ 
that come» up at the üot:om of the lead 
b black. 

Ba'sca, a loathing in the ftomach, 
ftriving to vomitj inward P.ruggüng, a 
qualm upon the iioinach, a reaching. 

Basco'so, one that is troubled with 
qualms or rcachings. 

Basi'ja, any fort of pot or veiTel. 
Lat. fias. 

Basilica, now us'd in Spain only 
for a church, tho' formerly it lignify'd 
any royal houft. Greek. 

Bx'.ii.i'co de agua, water bafil. 

BasilicÓíí, an ointment us'd by 
furgtons. It is a good digeftivc, af- 
fwagcs pains, and incarncs and heals. 

Basiligo <k agua, the herb water- 

BAsiti'o, Bafil^ a chriAian name ; 
alio a monk of the order of St. B.ijil. 

Baulisco, a baliiisk, acockatrice. 

Basillo, vid. rait'Uo. 

Ba'sis, the bail- any thing rcñson. 

Basq.uea'r, to reach for vomitting. 

Basque'.vce, the language of the 

Basciüiña, a large upper petticoat 
to wear over the reft. 

Ba'ssa, vid. Bafa, 

Bassa'lla, vid. PTíJfáUa. 

Ba'sta, 'tis enough ; alfoafiitchin 
a quilt or mattreü with a lock of wool 
to hold it fad. 

BASTA'f.t or Bajláje, a poner to 
carrv burthens. 

Ba sTAGO, vid. ráfiago. 

Basta.mi.'nte, groíly, courfly. 

Basta' N^A, plenty, enough. 

Basta'ste, fuíF.cient.'nte, fufEciently. 

Basta'r, to fiitf.ce. 

Bastardea'r, to degenerate. 

Bastardía, baftardy. 

Basta'rdo, a baftard ; alio wine 
made of raillns or any thing that is ir- 

Basta'rdo, in lea terms is a Ihoul- 
der of mutton fail. 

Basta'rbOj in fortification, a plat- 

Bastecedor, a purveycr. 

Bastece'r or Bajíf/fíV; Prsf. Ba- 
fiffco ; Prxt. Bafieci or Bajlefci, to vi- 
ftual, to furnifli with provifions. 

Bastecído or Bajiefddoy vicluall'd 
cr furnilli'd with provifions. 

Bastida, a wooden tower rais'd a- 
gainft a town bcfieg'd. 

BastídoRj a itrainiiig frame for a 

B A S 

piihire or the like, or fuch a frame as 
embroiderers or fterchers, or other fuch 
trades ufe. 

Bastime'nto, viftuals, provifion. 

Bastion, a baftion in fortificati- 
on, generally at the angle of a place, 
and confilling of two faces, two flanks, 
and two demigorges. 

Basto, coarle, groG, unpoliíh'd. 

Ba'sto, is alfo the club at cards, fo 
call'd, becaufe the Spanifli cards have 
thofc we call clubs made in the fliape 
of real clubs, call'd in Spaniih bajlo'nei, 
and thence bajíos. 

Ba'sto, is alio a Ibrt of panncl, fo 
call'd from the French hajl. 

Ba'sto, vid. Ahajló 3ad Pe/cára. 

Bastón-, a club, a fiaflf. . 

Bajlon de general, a general's ftaff. 

Echar el bajlon, to interpofe between 
friends that are ready to quarreL Ta- 
ken from the Spanilh fencing mafters, 
who when their fcholars have fenc'd 
together till they begin to be angry, 
clap their flaff between them, and all 
controverfies ceaic. 

Bastona'da, a flroke with a club 
or ftaff. 

Bastoka'zo, a great cudgel or 
ftaff, or a ftroke with it. 
■ Basto.stcíllo, a little ftaff. In ar- 
chitefture it is a Imall round in a pillar 
between the two great ones call'd the 

Bastone'ro, an officer that carries 
a ftaff. 

Bate'a, a battledoor to beat clothes 

Bataca'zo, the ftroke a man gives 
on the ground when he falls, or is 
ftruck down. 

Batador, a wauling beetle. 

Bata'lla, a battel. Met. an army. 

BatáUa campal, a pitch'd battel. 

Bata'lla, a town of about 300 in- 
habitants in Portugal, a league and a 
half from Leiria, famous for a noble 
monaftery of dominicans, built there 
by king y<¡hn the firft. 

Batalla'r, to fight, to contend. 
From the Latin hatiio, to contend. 

Batallo'las, the fpace in a galley 
between the oars ; alfo forked irons on 
the fides of the galley. 

Batallón', a batallion, which is 
always foot, and confifts of five, fix, 
or fevcn hundred men. 

Bata'n, a fulling mill for cloth. 
From batir, to beat. 

Batan'a'do, foU'd, mill'd. 

Batanador, a foUer of cloth. 

Batana'r, to full, to mill cloth or 
the like. 

Batane'ro, vid. Batanador, 

B A U 

Bata'ta, a potato root. 

Bastos, clubs upon the cards. 

Bate'l, a fliip-boat, a pinnace or 

Batelíllo, a little boat. 

Bate'o, a chriftianing. Corrupt 
from baptifmo. 

Batería, a battery, battering of a 
place. Met. contention or ftrife. 

BatÍcuio , a fort of white veil 
hanging on the ihoulders, and foil of 
pleits below. 

Batide'ro, a place where there ú 
much hammering or beating. 

Batidero de agua, a great fall of wa- 

Batido, beaten or hammer'd. 

Batidor, one that beats or ham- 

Batiduraj a beating or hammer- 

Batie'nte de puerta, the jaumes of 
a door, againft which it beats. 

Batihoja, a gold-beater. 

Batijiíe.n-to, beating. 

Batir, to beat, to hammer, to batter. 

Batir lója, to beat metal into thin 
plates, or filver or leaf gold. 

Batir los dientes, to chatter the teeth. 

Batir huéws, to beat eggs. 

Batir el cobre, to hammer copper.' 
Met. to ply bufineis very alliduouily. 

Batj'r el ejiandarte for abatir, to Itrike 
the colours. 

Batir muros, to batter walls. 

Batir en ruina, to batter quite dowiii 

Batrr moneda, to coin money. 

Batir las alas, to clap the wings, to 
fly fwiftiy. 

Batir las olas, to beat the waves, to 

Ba'treSj a town in Cajlile in Spain, 
two leagues from Illefcas, in a fruitfol 
plain, with a good caftle, but not a- 
bove fixty houies. 

Battologi'a, a fort of tautology, 
or fooliih repetition of the fame words. 

Batue'cas, a fort of wli moun- 
tainiers there were in Spain, on the 
mountains betwixt Soria and Burgos. 

Batue'co, a clowniih, brutal fcK 

B A U 

Ba'va, flaver, driveL Arab. 

Bavade'ro, a bib or cloth to flaver 

Bava'za, flaver, drivel ; alfo fli- 
minefs. Arab. 

Bavea'r, to flaver, to drivel. 

Bave'ra, the part of the helmet 
that covers the chin. Covar. 

Bau'l, a trunk, ironically the belly. 

Bavosa, a fnai!, a Aug. 


B A X 

Bavqr and Baw'rda, vid. Babor 
and babJrda. 

BA\r'<;A yerba, viJ. Babofa, 
Bavoso, llavery, drivcly. 
Bauprl's, the boltfprit of a ihip. 
Bausa'n or Bau/tuia, a figure made 
like a man, and ItufFcd with ftraw, 
us'd formerly to fet on walls where the 
garriibii was weak, to make it appear 
Itronger, and from thele inanimate 
ftatues apply'd to fignify a fool or hea- 
vy ñupid perfon, or one that üands 
gazing at any thing, as if he were out 
of his fcufes. Neinf adds, that it is 
taken for any thing of fmall value. 
Bautisa'do, baptiz'd. 
Bavtisa'r, to baptize. 
Bauti'smo, baptiliii. 
Bauti'sta, the baptift, he that 

Bautiste'rio, a font to baptize in. 

B A X 
Ba'xa, Verb, come down. From 

Ba'xa, Sub. an abatement. 
La baxa, an old Spanifli dance. 
Ba'xa mar, low water. 
Baxa', a Turkilh baffa. 
Baxa'da, a defcent. 
Bax'ado, brought down, humbled, 

Baxadúra, defcending. 
Baxamane'ro , a thief that pre- 
tends to buy in order to ileal. 

Baxame'nte, lowly, hi!mbly,bafely. 
Baxamie'nto, bringing down, de- 

Baxa'r, to bring or come down, to 
«Jifinount, to humble. 

Baxár de -precio, to lower the price. 
Baxar de pinto, to be humbled, to 
fall to a low condition. 

Baxár los bríos, to bring down a 
man's fiomach. 

Baxa la marea, to ebb. 
Ba'xas, fands in the fea. 
Baxe'l, any fort of ihip or other 
veflbl, but more particularly the fmal- 
ler for"", and under three decks. Arab. 
Baxe'rOj that which is below, the 
under lip. 

Baxe'za, lownefs, meannels, vile- 
neis, bafenefs ; a mean bafe adion. 

Baxi'lla, all the plate or other 
furniture for the tabic. 

Baxi'llo, low, a little fellow. 
Baxi'o, a Ihoal or fand in the fea. 
Ba'xo, low, deep ; in nuifick the 
bafe ; in a houfe the lower floor. 
Hombre báxo, a mean man. 
Hablar haxo, to talk low. báxo, a ihallow fea. 
Vevfamievtos báxos, a mean Ipirit. 
trecio báxo, a low price. 


Baxue'lo, a little low fellow. 

Baxon, the bafe in mulick, and 
the inftrument call'd a balloon. 

Ba'xo s de S. Antonio, llioals on the 
coait of Bfii;^'/, between the rivers S. 
FrancifiO and Grande. 

Baxos de S. Roque, flioals on the 
coaft of Brazil, fonic what to the north- 
ward ol bJo Grande. 

Baxos de faunas, flioals on the fame 
coaft to the weftward of th;fc of S. 

Ba.w'ra, barbarous, for baxéza, 

Bay'a, a bay. 

Baya abierta, an open bay or road. 

Baya de todos los fantos, a great bay 
on the coalt of Brazil, in about 1 4 de- 
grees of Ibiith latitude, on which (lands 
the chief city of Brazil, and it gives 
name to the country about it. 

Baya as dar baya, to put upon, to 
banter a man, to put him out of coun- 
tenance, and then hollow after him, as 
the rabble does after a dog. 

Baya'mo, a province in the ifland 
of Cuba in America. 

Bay AM ON, a river in the ifland of 
Puerto Rico in Hmerica. 

Ea'yas, bay-berries. 

Baybe'n, vid. Vayhén. 

Baye'ta, bays. 

Ba'yla,' a town in the province of 
Culuacan in hlortb America. 

Bavlade ra, a woman dancer ; 
alio a little whirligig that children fet 
up with their fingers. 

Baylado'r, a dancer. 

Bayla'r, to dance, moft properly 
high lofty dancing, fuch as jigs and 
the like. From the Italian baUo. 

Baylari'n, a dancer. 

BayLiri'n de cuerda, a rope-dancer. 

Ba YLE, a dance. 

So lo ejh'mo en el hayle del rey perico : 
I do not value it three skips of a loufe. 

Ba'yle, in the kingdoms of Valen- 
cia, Aragón' and Catalonia, is a judge 
or fupreme magiftrate over the king's' 
revenues, as a chief baron of the ex- 

Bayle'n, a town in the province 
of Andaluz'a in Spain, at the foot of 
the mountain Sierra Morena, contains 
700 houfes, one pariih church, one 
monailery of friars, four chapels, and 
one hoipital. It has an old ruined ca- 
ttle, and belongs to the' dukes of Arcos. 

Bayle'te, a little dance. 

Bayhco, idem, and in cant a lit- 
tle thief. 

Baylío, a judge of the order of the 
knights of Malta ; he wears a rreat 
crofs, and has the Itile of lordfliip given 

B E A 

him. It is alio a bailiíin a country 
town. The word borrow'd from the 

Baylón, one that is always daa- 
cing. In cant, an old thief. 

Ba'yn'a, vid. I'ayna. 

Baynillas, vid. Vaynílías. 

Ba'yo, bay, or a bay horfe. 

Prov. Vnopthfa el bayo, y ¿tro el que 
le ensilla : The bay horfe thinks one 
thing, and he that faddlcs him another. 
Applicable between every fupcrior and 

Bayona, a town in the kingdom- 
of Galicia in Spain, three leagues from 
rigo, is a good port, the town wall'd, 
the foil fruitful, the inhabitants 500 
families, three parifli churches, one of 
them collegiate, two monaftcries o£ 
friars, and one of nuns. Alio the 
city Bayomie in France. 

Bayone'ta, a bayonet. Caze'ta de. 

Bayosa, in cant, a fword. 

Bayuca, in cant, a tavern. 

Bayve'n, vid. Vayvén. 

Bayvén, a fea term, is a caburn, 
which is a fmall line to bind the ca- 
bles, or to eafe the winding tacks, or 
the like. 

B A Z 

Ba'za, vid. Baca. 

Ba'zo, vid. Bap. 
B D E 

Bdee'io, bdellium, a fort of fweetr 
gum not unlike myrrh, but not ib bit- 
ter. .See Ray. Hifi. Plant, p. i S44. 
B E A 

Be as, a town of 50Q houfes, one 
pariih, one hofpital, and three cha- 
pels, at the foot of a mountain twelve 
leagues from Senil, in thd province of 
Andaluzia in Spain. Alfo another town 
of the fame name in the kingdom of 
Cafiile, of 1000 houfes, in a moft fruit- 
ful foil, producing all things necelTary 
for life. The town has a great trade. 

Bea'ta, a fort of religious woman 
that lives not in a monaftery or in 
community, but by her felf unmarry'd,. 
imploying her felf in prayer and works 
of charity. 

Prov. Beata con devoción, las tocas 
Laxas, y el rabo ladrón : The devout 
beata wears her hoods low, and her 
call is a thief. Some of this ibrt of" 
women are hvpo^rites, and thea-efore 
they have an ill reputation, 

Bea'ta a fmall illand on the ibuth 
fide of Hifpaniola in America. 

Beatl'rio, a houfe in which feve- 
ral religious women, call'd beatas^ live». 

Beaiifica'do, bcatify'd. 

Beatieicaci'oNj beatification. 


B E B 

Br.ATJnco, blclíed. 

BtATi'LLA, a fort of linen wove in 
Sp-iin, very thin, to nmkc white veils 
for women, and foniething like a fine 

BeatitÚPj beatitude, bleiTcdnefs. 
One of the titles given to the pope. 

Br.A'ro, blelTed, or a religious man 
that livts as the beatas, above. 

Bi.a'tri?, J>f<</c,x, the proper name 
ufa woman. 

B E B 

Bida'.vda, liquor to drink. 
BtEEDt'ROj a trough for bcafls to 
drink in, 

Br.BEni'zos, love potions, fooliñi 
women at the pevfuilion of witehcs or 
cheats give to men to make them love 
BcBf.Do'R, a driaker, a toper, 

Br.Ec'R, to drink. Lat. libere. 

Beber al cato, to drink all up, 

Btbt'r bajía no mas poder, to drink as 
long as a man can hold. 

Beber hafia caer, to drink till one 
cannot Itand. 

Beber los vientos, to drink up the 
wind, that is, to delire any thing im- 
moderately, which makes a man anxi 
ous and breathe quick. 

Beber la ciencia, to drink up a fci- 
cncc, to become mailer of it with as 
piuch eafe as a man can drink, 

Dejfehr beber lafangre de otro, to de- 
fire to drink another mon's blood.; the 
utmoft malice. 

Bcb'r por calahitca, to drink out ef a 
calabafli, that is, to do any thing with- 
out coH!idcration,bccaufe he that drinks 
out of a calaballi ftes not what he 
drinks, as he does who has an open cup 

Bcb r de co.ios, to drink on ones el- 
bows, that is, at Icifure. 

Bebrr de aut/in, to drink as much as 
ones neighbour. 

Beber de bruces, to drink lying all a- 
long on the ground. 

Beber por on fas, to drink by ounces, 
to be prccifc. 

Bcberfe el fcfo, to turn ones brain. 

Beber foire tarja, to live high upon 
truil, without dcfign to pay. 

Deber a dos maros, to drink holding 
the Clip w irh both hands. 

Keher a tiiiti quánti, to drink to all 
the company. 

D/rfe.'a a beb.'r , to give it a man 
to drink, that is, to do a man a dif- 
k ncnefs in revenge for another. 

J lei'da, drink; alio a potion. 

1 tr.i'DO, drank up ; alfo a drunken 
ir, v.. 

B E H 

BrBLA'DA, in old Caftilian figni- 
fics drunkenneft, 

B t B o R R o T E a' R, to bc al ways 
drinking or fipping, 

Beborkoto'n, one that is always 
drinking or lipping. 

B E C 
Be'ca, a welt of cloth hanging a- 
bout the neck, and almoft down to 
the feet, after the manner of the do- 
itors of divinity's fcarfs in England, 
formerly wore in Spain by dignify'd 
clergymen only, now left oíF by them 
and worn by all fiudents in colleges, 
who are diliinguifh'd and known by 
the feveral fliapes and colours of them. 
Beca'cho, vid. Bcfiido, 
Be(;ar, vid. Bez.ár. 
Bece'to, the hanging part of the 
lip ; aUb lip-jewels worn by fomc Indi- 

Be'co, -an alley. 
Beco, a lip, and a kiis. 
Becote, a ring fome indians wear 
in their lip. 

Becoquín, a fort of neckdoath, 
BecÚco, great lipp'd, 

Bede'l, an otficer in the univer- 
ííties in Spain, being the fame as the 
beadle among us, as may be feen in 
Covamibias. So call'd from the Ita- 
lian bide/io. 

Bede'rre, in cant, a hang-man, 
Bedji'ar, vid. Belmar. 

B E F 
Be'ia, a icoff, an abufive ¡eft. 
Beía'r, to feoff, to jeer, to deride. 
Italian beffare. 

Be'e o, fplay footed. 

Be'b RE, the creature call'd a caftor, 

Be'ge ot Séje, the beak of a fliip. 
Bege'r, a fmalltownon the fea- 
coaft of AndMhizia, a little fliort of the 
Streights mouth. 

Beguín and Begm'na, a foit of le- 
ligious men and women, who have 
more liberty than nuns and friars. 
B E H 
Eehemencia, vid, Vehemencia. 
Behemoth, generally interpreted a 
great beaft, but by fome is made to 
comprehend all four-footed beads. He- 

Behetrías, are lordiliips or li- 
berties free from the fubjciftion to any 
lord, but what they choole at plcafiire, 
and can difcard at will. The law of 
Spain defines it thus : Behetría fignifies 
an inheritance belonging to it felf, 
free from him that lives in it, and can 
receive for its lord whom it pleafet. 
Thefe are the words of the law lite- 


rally tranflated. There were tw» 
foits of them, the one call'd behetrías 
de mar a mar, or from fea to fea ; to 
cxpreíi, that they might choofe for 
their lord when they pleafed, from the 
ocean to the Mediterranean. The o- 
thcr fort was call'd behetrías de entre 
parientes, that is, among kindred, which 
were oblig'd to choofe their lord of 
certain families, whole right it was. 
Thefe are all fupprefs'd and incorpo- 
rated into the crown of Spain, tho' 
they retain the name and ibme fmall 
privileges. The etymology is fo un- 
certain that it is not worth mention- 
ing. They that will may fee it in Co- 
iiarrubias. But becaufe thefe free 
places are generally full of noife and 
confufion for want of a Ibvereign pow- 
er, therefore behetría is us'd to iignify 
any tumultuous alTembly, or coníufed 
diíbrderly noife; or, as we fay, Dover 
court, all talkers and no hearers. 

Behordo, the herb call'd cats-tail. 
B E J 

Be'ja a city in Portugal, leated oa 
a hill, in a fruitfial country, wall'd, 
and has a fuong c^ftle, about looo 
houfes, three parifhes, three monafte- 
ries of friars, three of nuns, fevea 
chapels, a houfe of Mifericordiaj and 
an hofpital. 

Be'ja'r, vid. J'éjar. 

BeJe'z, vid. T'ejéz. 

Beira, one of the five provinces in- 
to which Portugal is divided, the prin- 
cipal city of it is Coimbra. 

Beju'co, vid. BexúíO. 


Be'la, vid. réla. 

Be'la, a river in South America, 
that falls into the great river Cronoque. 

Belalca'zar, a town between 
the borders of Andaluzia and Ejlrema- 
dura, whence authors differ in which 
province it is. a league from Hinojofa, 
in a fruitful plain, near the river Oiyár. 
It was anciently call'd Gaéta, bas now 
about 1000 houfes, and belongs to the 
dukes of J'éjar. 

Belchi'te, a town in the kingdom 
oí Jlragon in Spain, nine leagues from 
Zaragdfa, wall'd, fruitful, and inha- 
bited by 500 families, with one pa- 
rifli, and one monaftery of friars. Be- 
longing to the dukes of Hijar. 

Belda'd, be&uty, Italim Belta. 

Bele'n or Kio de Behn, a river in 
the province of Veragua near the Ijih- 
mus oi America. 

Bele'ño, vid. T'eUno. 

Be'les, a fmall river in Catalonia, 
which falls into xhe Mediterranean, be- 




tween Barcelona and Tarragona, at the 
town of S'ges. 

Bklü'ta, a weather-cock. 
Bell'zo, foall houlliold ftiiff, as 
|)Ots, pans, &i; 

Bt'iFO, one who has a hanging vn- 
<lcr lip, as the houfe of /luflria has 
been remarkable for. 

BELHf'zts, in cant, goods, move- 

Belia'l, wicked, incorrigible. Heb. 
heli and I.ul, that is, without a yoke, 
that does not fubmit to the yoke of the 
law of God. Hence bellaco, and by 
corruption beUáco and •vellaco, a knave. 
Beli'ca, the nick-natne to tíizA- 
leth, as Betty or BfJ'y- 

Be'lico, warlike, asa thing belong- 
ing to war. 

Belicoso, warlike, as a warlike 

Belicosame'nte, warlikely, 
Bcli'd A yerba, the herb called crow- 

Beli'lla, vid. Veh'Ua. 
Beli'lea, the diaiiniitive of Ifabel, 
Betty or Beffyi 

Beli'tre, a beggar, a fcoundrel, 
or inconliderable fellow, a vagabond. 
Diminutive of beliál. 

Belitre'ro, one that cheats the 

Bella'co, a knave, a villain ; now 
iis'd to li^nify an arch wag. Deriv'd 
from bélial, beliaco and heUaco. 
Bellacon, a great knave. 
Bellame'nte, fairly, beautifully, 

Bella q.ueri'a, knavery. 
Bella qui'llo, a little knave. 
Belle'za, beauty. 
Belli'da, in cant, a blanket. 
Belli'do, in cant, velvet, 
Belliri'pe or Bellonfe, in cant, an 
officer or juftice. 

Be'llo, fair, beautifial. Lat. beUus. 
In Old Spaniili it was ufed to fignify 
rich, and with good reafon, for riches 
are the greatcft beauty. 

Blllon, brafs or copper money. 
Bellori'ta, the primrofe, 
B c L L ó s A, in cant, a rough fea- 
■man's coat or any coarfe woollen. 
Bellota, an acorn. Arabick. 
Cirdones de bellota, firings with tof- 
fcls to them. 

Bflár tin hombre de la bellota, to be 
fat and lufly as fwine, after being well 
"fed with acorns. 

Bellote'ro, one that gathers or 
fells acorns. 

Bellu'do, downy. 
Belma'r, a town in the province of 
AndalHVa in Spai??, in the mountaiii 

of yaeti, fix leagues from that city, »■<», cnfompafs'd by three river?, v.hich 

cantains Coo houfcs, one parilh, one make the loil fruitful, inhabited by 700 

hcfpital, four ch.ipcls, families, in feven parifiies, three mo- 

mona'.iery, one 

and is a marquifatc. 1 he name li.^ni- 
fying a blackilli green ; it is alfo fpelc 
and pronounc'd Ledrihxr. The marqui- 
fatc and fovereiijnty of the town be- 
longs -to the noble family of Cueva y 
Benavides, of which C A'-onfo de la 
Cueva yBenavides was by kin^ Phil. f 111. 
oí Spain created the firit marquis in the 
yearióiS. Their family by the male 
line is a branch of that of the duke of 
Albuquerque, which is Cueva ; and by 
the female of the carl oí Santijlevan del 
Puerto, which is Benav:des. 

Belmonte, a town in the province 
oí Afidaluzia in Spaiñ,íeaxcd in, a plain, 
fix leagues from Cordova, contains 400 
houfes, one parifli, three chapels, and 
one monaftery of friars, and belongs to 
the earls oí Pliego. 

Bel ra'to, in Old Spanifli us'd for 
gra^ rato, a great while. 

Beltalda'r, vid. Defpinfar. 
Be'lte, the Baltick fea. 
Beltra'n, Bertrand, the proper 
name of a man. 

Prov. §uién bien quiere a beltrati, 
bien quiere a fu can : He that loves 
Bertrand loves his dog, that is, love me, 
love my dog. 

BelzebÚb, corruptly berzeblt, the 
idol of the Ekrotiitei, fignifying the 
lord of the fly, now us'd to fignify 
the devil. 

Belvede'r, any fair profpeift. Bor- 
row'd from the Italian. 

BelvÍs, a town in the province of 
ÉJlremadura in Spain, ten leagues firom 
placencia, feated high, with a firong 
caftlc, the country hilly, but good pa- 
ilure, fiock'd with vaft numbers of 
fwine. It contains 200 houfes, one 
pariih, one mohañery of friars, and 
two of nuns. 

Ben or Avellana de la india, the nut 

ben, gi-owing in Arabia, on a tree like 

the biich-tree, in oods a fpan long, 
much us'd by perfiuners for its oil. Sec 
Ray Hijl. Plant, p. 17SS. 

Benala'q,ue, a farm-houfe upon a 
vineyard. Arabick. 

Benaíiegi'l, a town in the pro- 
vince of Andaluzia in Spain, twelve 
leagues from Cordova, contains 500 
houfes, one parifh, one monaftery of 
friars, th'rce chapels and one hofpital. 

Benava'r, a fmall town on the 
frontiers oí Navarre in Spain. 

Benmvi.'ntl, a town in the king- 
dom of Leon in Spain, in the territory 
call'd Campos, ten leagues from Zamo- 

nallcries of friars, three of nuns, one 
hofpital, and an ancient It 
was made a dukedom by king Henry 
the fecond of Cajlile, -and the title bc- 
ilovv'd on his ballard fon Frederick, but 
his line failing, king Henry 111. of Ca- 
Jl.'le made it an earldom, and confcr'd 
the title o¡\ D. yol'n Alonfo Piivcntcl, a 
noble Porttmiefe, who ferv'd him faith- 
fully, in whofc family it fiill continues, 
the carls being grandees of Spain, and 
therefore reckoned equal to dukes. 
Their arms arc quarterly, thefrjl and 
fourth bendy of fix, Cr, and fanguin, 
the fecond and third vert, jive fcallop 
fliells argent. There is another town 
of the fame name in Portugal, nino 
leagues from Lisbon, the country un- 
healthy, and the town inhabited by 
about 400 families. 

Benavídes, the furnameof a noble 
family in Spain, faid to be defcended 
from king Alonfo IX. of Caflih. Their 
chief is earl of Santijlevan del Puerto, 
under which title fee more of them. 

Benaza'l, a town in the kingdom 
of Valencia in Spain, near MorellHy 
feated among woods, but very fruitful, 
contains 1^0 houfes. 
Bence'r, vid. Veneer. 
Bt'NbA, a rouler, or fuch liki long 
fl.ip of cloth, or the like ; a fillet. 

Benda'do, bound with a rowler 
or fillet. 

Benda'r, to bind with a rovi'ler 
or fillet. 

Bendar los ¿¡os, to blindfold. 
BeN'Dap.a'l, vid.. Vendaval. 
Bencezir, Pra:f. To bendigo, bendí- 
Zes, bendize ; Prxt. Eendixe or biendixe ; 
Fut. Bendiré or bendeciré ; Sub. Pra:f. 
Bendiga ; Imperf. Eendixéra or bieti- 
dixéra, to bleis. Lat. benedicere. 
Bendición, a blefling. 
BlndIcho or Bendito, blefs'd. 
Benditame'nte, bleffedly.- 
BendÍxe, beiidixcra, bendt'xiffe, ben^ 
dno, vid. Bendecir, 

BENEricE'NciA , beneficence, do- 
ing of good turns. 

Beneí icIado, a prieñ that has a 
benefice or lands, or other things im- 

Br. ni.ficia'l, beneficial, belonging 
to a benefit or benefice. 

Eeneiicia'r, to improve. Latin 
ben faceré. 

Bevejiciar oro, 
or filvcr. 

Benejiciitr la 

improve land. 

plata, to refine gold 
tierra, to manure or 
O Bene- 

B E Q. 

BtKificio, a benefice, a benefit. 

BiNt'nco , one that docs good 
turns or bcUows benefits. 

Bt.VE RA, viJ. Venira. 

BemvoCr'ncia, nooduill. Latin. 

BiNt'voio, well ificCtc.l. Lac. 

Blncala, a very. Iiight fort of web 
firi" brought from the kingdom oi Den- 
g.ila in /;;./.'.?. W'c call it gauie. 

Bi NicAKLON, a town in the king- 
coin of J'.t.m.ia in Spahi, a lLat;uc Pfv'/ich, near the fea, wall'd, 
in a fruitful foi', inhabited by 400 fa- 
milies, one parilh, and one mouaftery. 
Antiently call'd H:Jlra. 

Bi .niignÍm, a town in the kingdom 
oí Valencia in Spa.n, in the fruitful valley 
oÍALira, inhabited by 300 families, one 
parilh, and one monaftery of friars. 
The name Arabick, fignifying wealth, 
becaufe of the rich valley. 

Blnigname'nte, kifldly, loving- 
Bexignida'd, goodnefs, kindnefs, 
bounty. Lat. berJgnitas. 

BiKiGNissi.MO, molt loving, kind, 

Benigno, courteous, loving, kind, 
or bountiful. 

BlnÍno, a bunch or fwelling. 

Blnito, Bcnediil, the proper jiame 
of a man. Lat. BenediBus. 

Blnitos, the Bcncdiiline monks, 
fo call'd from their founder St. Benediéí. 
The antienteft of all religious orders, 
at leaft in the ■wcHcrn church, bting 
'founded about the year 519, and has 
contiuu'd ever lince in great honour 
and reputation. Their habit is all 
black, the upper garment being a Icofe 
coule. There are nuns of the fame 
order, who follow the fame rule, and 
many other religious orders arf Iprung 
from it. 

Siin Benito, properly St. Benedid. 
Corruptly the badge put upon convert- 
ed Jews, brojgh; out cf the inquifition, 
being in the nature of a fcapular or 
a broad piece of cloth hanging before 
and behind, with a large St. Aiuirew's 
crofi on it, red and yellow-. The 
name corrupted from Smo Ber:dito, an- 
fwerable to the fackcloth worn by pe- 
nitents ir. the primitive church. 

Benjuy', vid. Menjuy. 

BENTA'LLh, vid. VenlaUe. 

BtNTOSA, vid. Ventofa. 

BcNTCSo, vid. Venlofo. 
B E Ü 

BiODii'z, drunkeunefs. 

Ee'oI/O, drunk. From bebido. 
B. E Q. 

Be'q.vej the beak of a Ihip.or gal- 

B E R 

BE'q.ui.\, one of che caribbe iilands 
in America, 

B E R 

Bt'RAGUA or Bfr.j^«ár/,vid. J'erágua. 

Bf.rbe'na, vid. Verbena. 

Berbería, the country of Barbary 
in Africa. 

BlrbeRís, barbaries. 

]5i.RBiTE, a river in the province of 
Guiana in South America. 

Be RCA, cabbage. 

Bcrca perruna, wild mercury, 

Bcrca créfpa, curl'd cabbage. 

Bérfa colorada, red cabbage. 

Birfas floridas, colliílowers. 

Bercera, an herb-woman. 

Ber^ue'la, young cabbage. 

Berdola'ga, vid. Verdolaga, 

BlrdÚgo, vid. Verdugo, 

Bere'da, vid. Vereda. 

Berenge'l, a town in Portugal, 
two leagues from Beja, on the banks of 
the brook Gallego, the foil fruitfiil, the 
inhabitants 400 fanúlies, under one 

Berenge'na, a kind of fruit grow- 
ing like a cucumber, ihaped like a pear, 
and about that bignefs , eaten in 
Sfair., boil'd with beef or mutton or 
otherwife drefs'd on fiih-days. Cor- 
ruptly fo call'd from the Arabick ba- 
delgian or badingian, fignifying the 
fame thing. The Latins call'd nfola- 
num fromiferum, and the apothecaries 
mala in f ana. 

Prov. trunca de berengénafe hizo buha 
calabaza : Never was calabaíli made 
of a berengena ; there is uo making a 
lilk purfe of a fow's ear. 

Berengena'i, a field where beren- 
génas grow. 

Berenje'na, vid. Verenjéna, 

Be'rga, vid. verga. 

Bergamota, a bergamot pear, fo 
call'd of the ciiv Bergamo in Italy, 
V. hence 'firfl brought to us. 

Berga'n^a, vid. VeygénfO. 

Bergantín, a Cnall vsflel call'd a 

Bería, a fmall town on the fca- 
coaft of the kingdom of Granada in 

BtRiL, a greenlfh precious fione, 
call'd a beryl. Thence 

Beriles or 'Eiriles, fine glaíTes to 
preferve the fight, or to fet before re- 
licks, or piftures in miniatute. 

Berea'n, a Ibrt of game at cards. 

Berla'nga, a fmaH town in the 
kingdom of Cld Cajlile in Spain, not 
far from the city Ofma. It is a mar- 
quifate, belonging to the conllable of 
Cijlile, duke of f w/tí, of the houfe of 

B E R 

Vela/co, of whom fee more verb, c»- 
dejlable de GiJliUa. 

Berlen', fmall iflands on the 
coalt of Portugal, corruptly by our fai- 
lors call'd the Burlings. 

Bermegía, a ily trick, bccaufe red- 
hair'd men are counted liy. 

Bermlgito, vid. Bermejito. 

Ber.mejea'r, to be reddiih. 

BtR.MEjiTo, ruddy, reddifh. A 
little red-hair'd boy. 

BiR.MLjo, red, alfo a red - hair'd 
man. Arabick. 

Bcrmejue'la, a reddiih fiih, call'd 
a rochet. 

Bermejue'lo, vid. Bermejito, 

Bermejl'ra, rednefs. 

Bermello'n, vid. vermeUJn. 

Berme'o, a town in Bifcay, on the 
fea coaíl, five leagues from Bilbao, wal- 
led, a good port, and inhabited by 
300 families. 

Bermu'da or Bermudas, a knot of 
finall iilands in the great ocean, 1600 
leagues f?om . England, and 300 from 
Carolina ii America, which is the near- 
eft continent to them ; pollefs'd by the 
£«^/7/i, call'd Bermudas, becaufe firll dif- 
cover'd by ^hn Bermudez, a Spaniard, 
and by us the Summer Iflands, becaufe 
fir/l planted by Sir George Summers.'do, rhc proper name of a . 
man, corrupt from the Latin iieremun- 

Bernabé', Barnabas or Barnaby, . 
the proper name of a man. . 

Berna'l, fee Birgenal. 

Bernardina, the proper name of a • 
woman. It is alfo that which we call 
banter, being a fort of difcourfs with- 
out head or tail, to play upon any 
body. The name fuppos'd to be taken 
from fbme foolifh fellow call'd Bernar- 
ditie, who faid nothing to the purpofe. 

Bern.^'rdo, Bernard, the proper 
name of a man, 

Berna'rdos, the Bernardines or re- 
ligious of the order of St. Bernard^ who 
having enter'd himfelf among the Ci- 
jlercians, a branch of the ordei^of Sr. 
BenediB in the year i ii';. founded a 
monaftery at Clairvaux or Claravaliisy 
where he inftituied this order. Their 
habit is black and white. In a fhort 
time he gather'd 700 followers, and is 
faid in his life-time to have founded 
160 raonafteries. There are nuns of 
the fame order. 

Bernega'l, a fbrt of varnifh'd ear- 
then velTel us'd in Spain to drink out 

Be'rnia, an irifli rug, ib call'J from. 
Hibernia, Ireland. 

B^RNi'Zj vid. BarmX, 


B E S 

BeRRa'co, a boar pig, alfo a nut 
with a green husk ; and a ihoic piece 
of canon with a wide bore. Arabick. 

Berra'co, a fmall town in the bi- 
ihoprick of Awh in Spain. 

Berrea'Rj to make a noife like a 

Berra'^as or Berr-JSitf, over-grown 

Berre'ra, a place where water- 
crelfes grow- 

Berrion'da lechona, a iow in brim- 
min" or in her luft. 

Berrion'de'z, a low's being in 
brimming, or a bitch proud, or deer 
rutting, or the like. 

Berriondo, in luft. 

^e'rro, the herb call'd a water- 

Sacen allí berros, water-creflés grow 
there, to cxprefs a place is very damp 
or wet. 

Hará nacer hérros en una artéfa, Ihe'll 
make water-creíTes grow in a tray ; to 
expreG a woman is a great witch. 

Prov. T« ijue coges el berro, guar Ante 
dsJ anapé.'o : You that gather watcr- 
crelTes take heed of wolves-bane, that 
is, take care to difiinguifli betwixt 
good and evil. 

Andarfe a ¡a for del berro, to lead a 
leud idle life. 

Berroca'Lj a place full of rocky 

Berro q,ue'ño, ñon y, rocky. 

Berro cíue'ña piedra, a íbrt of 
Ipeckled courfe marble. 

Berrve'co, an uneven hillock ; alfo 
a wart, but moft generally us'd for 
tnifhapen pearls. 

BerrÚga, a wart. From the Lat. 
lerrHca ; alfo the top of a hill or rock. 

Berrugoso, full of "warts or hil- 

'Berrugue'ta, in canr, a cheat at 

Berve'ka, vid, í'erlina, 

Berveria, vid. Berbéria. 

Ber.I, a fort of cloth. Covarru- 

Be'rza, vil. Le'rca. 

BerezeeÚ, \-id. Belzehib. 

* B E S 

Besa'do, kifs'd. 

Besama'nos, a kiifiog of the hsnJs, 
a compliment. In cant, a gratuity 
given among gamefters to recover mo- 
ney won upon truft, paid down im- 
mediately by fuch as lend at play. 

Besant, an obfolete Spaniili word 
iignifying coin. 

Besa R, to kiis. 

Befar la r.'pa el fiiilo, is when a gar- 


ment is ib long that it juft touches the 

Befúr el acote, to kifs the rod. 

So ay fin» Uegar y befar, it is touch 
and take. 

Besicos de monja, a Ibrt of fweat- 

Besmelia'na, a fmall town on the 
coaft of the kingdom of Granada, not 
far from the city Malaga. 

Dar befas al jarro, to tot the pot. 

Be'so, 3. kiis. 

Be'stia, a beaft, met. a brutiin 
man, a dunce, an ill-bred felbw. Lat. 

Béftia de aibarda, a beaft of burden. 

Béftias mánfas, o doméfticas, tame 
or familiar beafts. 

Alano, a nsaftiff. 
Becerro, a calf. 
Buey, an ox. 
Búfalo, a buffalo. 
Carnero, a iheep or ram.] 
Camello, a camel. 
Cavallo, an horie. 
Cochino, a fwine. 
Cabra, a Ihe goat. 
Cabrón, an he goat. 
Cabrito, a kid. 
Galgo, a grey-hound. 
Garañón, aftallion. 
Cato, a cat. 
Hiua, a nag. 
Hacjui'Ua, a little nag. 
Macanea, a pad. 
Miila,'a. mule. 
O-veja, an ewe» 
Perro, a dog. 
Toro, a bull. 
raca, a cow. 
Tegua, a mare.' 

Béfias feroces f fierce beafts. 

Abada, a rhinoceros. 
hina, an hyena. 
yazalt', a wild boar. 
Leon, a lion. 
Leopardo, a leopard. 
Lcbo, a wolf. 
O'£o, a bear. 
Pantera, a panther. 
Tigre, a tyger. 

Béftias que ni fon mánfas, ni feroces, 
beafts that are neidier tame nor 
Arminio, an erftiin. 
Comadreja, a weaiel. 
Cierva, an hind. 
Ciir-j?, a nag. 
Camilca, a wild goat. 
Crbra monies, idem. 
Lhplánte, an elephant. 


trizo, an hedgehog. 
Foina, a martin. 
Gamo, a buck. 
Gimio, an ape. 
nardilla, a fquirril. 
Liebre, an hare. 
.Liron, a dormoufe. 
Mono, a monkey. 
Kapofj, a fox. 
Rata, a rat. 
Raton, a mouíé. 
Texón, a badger. 
Topo, a mole. 
Zorra, a fox. 

Condenar a béftias, to condemn a 
man to be torn in pieces by wild beafts 

Prov. A béftia ¡ota recuero modorro : 
A mad beaft muft have a fooüih dri- 
ver, that is, it is fit every thing ftiould 
be match' d with its likenefi. 

Prov. A ¡a beftia cargada el fobornal 
la mata : The overburden kills a load- 
ed beaft ; or, as we fay, 'tis the laft 
feather breaks the horfe's back.. 

Prov. Beftia que anda Ihnopara mime 
la quiero, no para mi hermano : A good 
going beaft I would have for ray ftl', 
not for my brother. Every man would 
have all conveniencies for hirafelf ra- 
ther than for his neareft friend or re- 

Prov. Béftia alegre echada pace : A 
good mettled beaft feeds as it lies. All 
iprightly beafts are continually feeding. 

Prov. Con béftia vieja ni te cafes, ni 
te alhajes : Neither marry nor purchaíe 
an old beaft, the reafon is plain. 

Prov. §uándo la "béftia géme, carga, 
y no teme : When the beaft grunts load 
and fear not ; we have a bcallly faying, 
that a grunting horfe and a groaning 
wife never forfake the rider. 

BrsTiA'Lj.beaftly, or belonging to 

Pecado beftial , the fin committed 
with a beali. 

Bestialidad, beaftlinels. 

Bestia' .ME, cattle, a great parcel of 

Bestido, Beftir, &c. \'id. VeftiVo, 
veftir. ^ 

Bestión, a great beaft, s great 
booby fellow. In architeiture or paint- 
ing it is a fort of a half pillar or tall 
pedeftal, with ibrae figure on if, feme 
of which fecm to bear up the ftrudure. 
In fortification, a baftion. 

Besuca'r, to kifs often, or af:er a 
rude manner. 

Besu'go, a fiih much valu'd, call'd 
a lea bream. 

Etado tomo tin iefi'tgo, frozcn"like a 
bream, bccaufc this flili is taken in 
O i the 


the depth of winter, and carry'J up 
tlic country in the night, when it free- 

I'rov. Befii^o nal.'o, y da mulo : 
The bream kills the muic and gives 
the mule. Becaiifc carrying this fifli 
from the fea to M.tttrid'wx haltc kills the 
muks, but the profit is ío great it pays 
for ail. • 

Bi sucit.'te, a lictlc ruddy fifli, 
like a Tea bream, ib call'd in Spanifli 
by reaibn of its rcfemblance with the 

B E-T 

Bi 'ta, a bcct-roor. 

Beta'nzos, a city in the kingdom 
eX Caücí,^ in Spain, three leagues north 
of Cuivi/j.T, a good port, the place wal- 
led, its territory fruitful, inhabited by 
toco families, has two pariflies,. two 
monaileriesof men, three chapels, one 
hofpital. Antiently call'd Flavium 

BtTiLi/, it is a tender plant that 
runs up a iiick, and the leaf b the de- 
light of the Ajiaticks : for men, and 
women, from the prince to the pea- 
fast, have no greater pleafurc than to 
chew it all day in company, and no 
vilTt begins or ends without this herb. 
Before it they always chew the areca, 
defcrib'd in its place, that the coolneis 
of this, as they fay, may temper the 
Jjcat of the other , and they lay a lit- 
tjc dilfolv'd lime on the betele leaf to 
colour and foftcn its biting tafte. It 
Ipcnds not ÍQ well in any part of Jljia 
as in the PliUppiue iilands, where the 
*rec¿i is Ibf: and eaiy to chew. The 
Spaniards make a compoiition of both 
hwrbs with iime, which they call tino, 
and cany it in curious little boxes, 
TO chc-w it every moment ahror.d and 
at home. The letele makes the lips fo 
fine, red and'beai'tifiil, that if the Eu- 
ropean ladies coidd, they would pur- 
chafe it for the wei"lit in «old. Ge- 
mefíi, vol. 5 l¡o. i. c?^. 8. 

JJe'tis, the anticnt nan¡e of the fa- 
nous river in Sp.iin, now call'd Giiadnl- 
5«/iir,. which gave its name to the 
j>rovi:xe Befica. 

Betoki: a, the herb betony. 

BtTON de colmena, the coarfe wax 
of the mouth of the bee- hive. 

Betuma'r, vid. JBütuminár. 

BuTLijir.N, Bi fumen, a liquid thick 
filbftance fqund in the earth, us'd for- 
merly iuflead of n-.ortar for buiUing, 
being- very glutinous, and burnt ia 
lamps,, as b!.in;g fuluhurous. In Spain 
they call any glutinous matter by this 
najr.e. In the'iiland of Cuba in Ame- 
rica there is.a fort'of it flowing out of 

B E Z 

certain Iprings by the fea Gdc, as black 
as pitch, which the Indians ufe in cold 
diltcmpers. The Spaniards ufe it mix- 
ed with tallow to tar their iliips. It 
is pood againft fits of the mother. Mo- 
nardes, fol. 7. They alfo give this 
name -to any daub, and to waflies and 
paint for women's faces. 

Bltujuna'r, to daub with bitu- 

Betú.v, vid. Betumen, 
Bi.tuna'r, to daub, to carcene 
lliips, to life wañics to the faie. 

Bi-Ti'iRiA, the anticnt name of that 
pio\'ince of Spam, now cajl'd Ejl:-enia- 

B E V 
BiiVA'>rDA, vid. Bebajfida, 
Be'udo, vid. Beodo. 
BtvLDtRO, vid. Bebedero. 
BevldÍzos, vid. Bebedizas. 
BtvtDÓR, vid. Bebedor. 
Bevi'r, vid. Beber. 
Be VIDA, vid. Bebida. 
Bevido, vid. Bebido, 

BexÍgAj a bladder. Lat. vejfica. 
Bj-xiga'zo, a blow with a bladder. 
Bexigos, the difeafe among horfes, 
call'd the fcratchcs. 

Bexiguílla, a little bladder. 
Bexin, . the muihi-oom call'd puff- 
balls, or dufty mufliroom, which when 
trod on Tnaps and gives a report, and 
cafts a dufty fmoke from it. Met. a boy 
that fwells with anger, and after ma- 
king faces burfls out in tears. 
BexÚcOj a withe. 
Bt'iNTE, corruptly for veinte, 

B E Z 
Bez for i-ez- 

Bezaa'r, piedra bezaár, the bczo- 
ar-ftone. In the iVeft-Indies thefe are 
found ia the maw or belly of the In- 
dian ilieep, ( of which you may fee 
more verb Uamas.') Sometimes they 
find in a iheep but one, fometimes 
two, three or four ; fbme lefi than 
fmall nuts, others as big as pidgeons 
eggs, and the author has feen one 
as big as an orange. In fliape fomc 
are round, fome oval, others irre- 
gular. As to colour, there axe black, 
white, grey, greenifh and gold coloiu'. 
They are made as it were of feve- 
ral layers or crufls one upon another. 
Several creatures are faid to produce 
them bcfides the Uamas, as the victt- 
ñas, tarugas and c)pri¡. The -jicuñas 
commonly yield the largeft, and the 
tarugas the bed. The Ttone is or ex- 
cellent ufs in phyGck. The belt ¿ezoar 
ftones are ihoíó brought from the Eajl- 
/MVij the ACiC to them thofe oilers, 


and the lad in order thofe of New- 
Spain. It has often been found that 
thelc ftones grow in the bealls maw or 
belly, upon fome bit of iron or flick 
that_ the creature has fwallow'd, thcfc 
things being found in the middle of 
them, which makes fome people believe 
thty are counterfeits, but it is molt cer- 
tain they are not. F. Jof. A.ojl, Kit. 
Ilijl. IV. Ii'id. lb. 4. chap, ^i.pag. 1^6. 
Chrijl. Acúfia, Kit. Hi ft. of E. Ind. fays, 
the bezoar is found there in a creature 
fomcwhat refembling a goat and a 
deer, very fwift, which the Perlians 
call pazan. The Periians, Arabs and 
Corazans call this iloae pazar, from 
the bcail. To know the true bczdar 
from the counterfeit, they take a iittle 
duft of lime, and wetting any part of 
the flone with the tip of the tongue 
rub it upon that duft, which, if true, . 
it dies of a fine green ; if falfe, it ei- 
tha' altera not the colour at all, or 
very little. It is good againft all poifbns, 
infeftions, melancholy, and inveterate 
diftcmpers ; to chenili the fpirits, to 
drive any thing from the heart, to 
create an appetite , and many moie 
difeafes. Clri/l. Acoft.N.U. Hift. E.rft. Ind. 

Beza'do, vid. Be/.rdo, alio accufto- 

Beza'r, vid. Befar, alfo to accut 
ftom, to inure. 

Beza'r, vid. Bezaár. 

Beze'ro, vid. rezéro. 

Beze'rra, a cow-calf, alfo the herb 
call'd calves fnout. 

Eezerr'co, a little calf. 

Bezerril, belonging to a calf; alio 
the name of two towns in Spain, one 
of them for diftinñion call'd Bevrrildt 

Bezerrilla, a little cow-calf. 

Prov. BezeiriHa mánfa, a fit madre, 
y ala agéna mama : A tame calf fucks 
its dam and another's. That is, civil 
quiet perfons are not only welcome to 
their friends, but to ftrangers. 

Bezerrillo, a little calf. J 

Beze'rrOj a calf ; alfo calvss lea- 

Prov. Bezérro mánfo a fu madre, y a 
¿tras quatro : The fame as above, be- 
zeriUa manfa, Scc. 

Beze'rro, is alfo a book contairi- 
ing the laws of corporations, bodies 
politick, and the common law in ge- 
neral ; perhaps'd becaufe bound 
in calves leather. 

Beze'rro marino, a fca-caif-, an 
amphibious creature, living ei;hcr 111 
the fea or on the land, where it brings 
forth its young ¡ike other beafts. Co- 

B I E 

Bs'zOjUfe, cuüom ; alfo a kifs, and 

B I G 

a lip. 

A the fwelliiig about a wound 
when it fcltcrs. 

BfiZUGO, vid. Befi'tgo, 
B 1 A 

Bia'^a, vid. Bicaca. 

Bia'r, a town in the kingdom of 
Valencia in Spaiv, oppolite to nlietia, 
on the frontiers next Cafiile, fcatcd on 
the lide of a hill, with a cafllc on the 
topy its territory rich, the inhabitants 
400 families, and but one parilli. An- 
tiently called apiarium, whence cor- 
ruptly Biar. 

Bia'sma, vid. Bijitia, 


BÍBA FaJALa'nsa, a gate of the 
city Granada, the name Irgnifies the 
oatc of the almond-tree hill. 

Bibaleunayta'r, a gate of the 
city Granada, lignifying the gate of the 
thraihing-floors, or of the Uandard or 
little colours. 

Bibarra'mbla, a gate of the city 
Craiiada, io call'd from the Arabick 
i/!'va,. a gate, and rariibla, fand, or a 
fandy ground, fo it was the fandy gate. 

Bibarre'a, a gate of the city Gra- 
pada, lignifying the cheap gate. 

BiBATAuBiN, a gato of the city 
Cyanada, fo call'd by the Moors, and 
fignifies the converts or penitents gate. 
Thefe are the gates of the áiy G^anada^, 
interpreted by F. Lopez de Tamarid, 
inferted here becaufe they often occur 
in hifl',ries and romar.ces. • 

BÍBLIA, the holy bible. Greek bi- 
hlos, a book or paper. 

Bieliothe'ca, a library. Greek, 

BiEORA, v'li.Bivora. 

B I C 

Bica'(;a, a wallet ; but moft proper- 
ly a leather wallet. 

Bk a'rro, vid. Bizarro. 

Bi<;e'rro, a fort of wild goat. 

Bicha, a viper or fnake. Vid. Vi- 

Bic ÍCA, a centinel's box, accord- 
ing to the French called a gueritte, 
whence the Spaniards alio call it gari- 
ta. The word bicoca taken from the 
Greek bicos, a tub, becaufe it is as 
clofe as a tub. 

Bicos, points of gold they ufed for- 
merly to wear on velv^et caps, like the 
beak of birds, thence called pkcts and 

B I E 
Bielda'r, to fan, to winnow. 

BlE Lno, a fan, or a thing to caft 
rp corn againil the wind to'winnow 


Bii'iGO, idem. 

Bie'n, well ; alio any good ; ibmc- 
times much or very ; as, 

Ejlar biéji }7!íilo, to be very fick. 
Ay bien de tal cofa, there is plenty 
of fuch a thing. 

Bien andante, fucccisful or fortunate ; 
a word ufcd in romances, and a fort 
of cant. 

EiENAVENiDOs, well agrccd. 
Bienaventuradame'nti;, blef- 
fedly, fortunately, lucky. 

Bienaventura'do, happy, fortu- 
nate, lucky. 

Bienavemtura'nca, blifs, happi- 
nefs, good fortune. 

BiENDEZiR, vid. Bendczir, 
Bie'nes, goods. 
Bienes raizes, an eilate real. 
Bienes muebles, moveables. 
Biengrana'pa, the plant oak of 

Bienhablado, well fpoken. 
Bienhechor, a benefactor. 
Bii n'q.ue, altho'. 
Bienq.uere'ncia, or Bienquerién- 
cia, good will. 

BiENC!,uisTo, well beloved. 
Bienvenido, welcome. 

B I ? 
BiíÓrme, of two ihapes or forms. 
Lat. biformis. 

Bi FRONTE, that has two faces. Lat. 

BÍga, vid. V'iga, 

Biga.mi'a, bigamy, the Having of 
two wives at the fame time. 

Bigamo, one that has been twice 
married, or that has two wives at 
once. Lat. bigamus, 

Biga'rdo, an abuiivc name given 
to religious men,, but improperly ; for 
it is derived firom the Begards, friars of 
the third order of St. Ir-imis, called in 
It.^ly Fr.ttkelli, and m Latin Fratres de 
paiipere vita. Thefe friars proved hc- 
rtticks in the year 1314, and were 
condemned as fuch. Bmericiis writes 
their errors, fol. ioi. In thofe times 
when they would put the greatelt af- 
front upon a religious man, they calFd 
him higardj and hence the word has 
defccnded to us. Covar, 
B1GÓR, vid. Vigd}-. 
Bigorda, the herb bindweed. 
Bigornia, a bickhorn, or ai> an- 
vil that has a round point nicking out 
to hammer things round on ; alio a 
fir.ich's vice to hold fad: any thing in, 
Covar. The etymology uncertain. 

Los de ¡a bigornia, a cant word ííg- 
uifying a parcel of bullies. 

B I N 

Bigota'zo, a great whisker. 
Bigote, a whiikcr, or moflacho. 
The etymology uncertain ; but Cciiar- 
rubias fays from the oath By God, be- 
caufe the Germans and Goths, whca 
they fworc, took hold of their whisk- 

Traer el bigote arrechádo, to wear- 
the whiskers turn'd up. 

Bigote'ra, a cafe to put whiskers 
up in bed. 

BiGUORDA, vid. Bigarda. 

B I L 
Bilba'o, a town in Bi/cay, and a 
port on the great bay of that 'name, 
the town well wall'd, inhabited by 
12,00 families, has five pariflies, five 
monaftcries of friars, and ftvcn of nuns. 
EÍLCAS, a river of fraall note in the 
kingdom of Peru in South America. 

BiLCACONGE, a mountain in the 
kingdom of Peru in South America. 

BiLC^HES, a town in Andaluzia in 
Spain, on the fide of the mountain 
sierra Morena, two leagues from Lina- 
res, the inhabitants but 100 families, 
with one parifh, three chapels, and one 

Bile, choler. 
Bilioso, cholcrick. 
BiLiMEiNES, a fort of fruit grow- 
ing in the Philippine ijlands, and in the 
mafi Indies, where the Portuguefes call 
them carambolas; but the dift'erence is, 
that in Ijidia they are iharp, and in 
the iñands fliarp and fweec. They are 
eaten for fauce raw, and prepared with 
vinegar and fugar. CemeUi, vol. 5, 
lib. 1. cap. 4. 

Bille'te, a billet, a little note. 
Billetea'rse, to correfpond by 
notes or letters.' 

Billón, vid. BeUóv^ 
Bilma, vid. Bifma. 
B I M 
Bihbra'r, tolhake, to brand ifh. 
Bimere'ra, a place where oziers 
grow, or an ozier-tree. 

Bime'stre, two months old. 

BiminI, one of the Liicay'an iflands 
in America. 

B-I n 
Bina'r, to plow twiceovcr. From 
bis, twice. 

B1NARÓZ, a town in the kingdom 
of Valencia in Spam, and a port of 
note on the Meduerranean, the town 
wall'd and fortjf/d, the foil rich, the 
inhabitants <oo' families, one pariilij 
and one monallcry of Iriars. 

Bindl'l, a town in the bjfnoprick 


BiGOTAj a pulley ta diaw i-p'of Cuenca^ in if <t;»', where there aro 


glafs-houiss. It fignifies a jliaJy tcwiij , 
i ' iirterr. - 

B 1 S 

iiitcrchaoglng the two vowels ; for hen 
ill ArabicL h i town or village, and 
IÜI Ihaiic. 

BioBio, a gcod river in the kingdom 
of d'lle in Swlh America. 

BiOMEO, a skrccn. 
B I R 

BiRA, vid. yira. 

BiRAR, vid. ri-ar. 

Birla DO, incint, a bubble. 

Birla'r, to play at nine-pins. In 
cant, to cheat, to inipofe upon. 

Biiul'sca, in canc an alle-^nbly of 
whores and rogues. 

Birll'sco, in cant a ruifian. Bir- 
tiih. Birloche, a thief. 

Birlos, ninepins to p'ay with. 

BiROTA'zO, Vid. íVW.iií. 

BiRÓTE, vid. mote, 
BÍRisTisMo, foUy, a fboliíh cx- 

Birrl'te, a round cap of a reddiíh 
colour ; formerly they were hairy, and 
iifed to keep off the fun or rain. "So 
cali'd from biirrus, ruddy. 

BiRRo, a fort of fliort cloak former- 
ly worn, which rcach'd down only to 
the waile. Lat. birrus. 
Bisa'ca, a wallet. From bis and 
faicuin, twice a bag. 
Bisagra, vid. J'i/ágra. 
Bisacue'la, a great grandmother. 
Bisaouei'lo, a great grandfather. 
Fiom bis and agítelo, twice a grandfa- 

Bisa'ltos, green peafe. 
Bisa', a kind of weapon with 
two edges. From his and arma, 21 
double weapon. 

Bisca'ya, the province of Bifcay 
in the north of Spain, which gives 
name to the well known bay oi Bifiay. 
It is properly a irnall province bounded 
bv Jljiurias, Old Cajiilc, Guifufioa, and 
Jlava ; but moft people under this ac- 
ceptation include both the provinces 
la!l named, by which means they ex- 
tend it much farther. Formerly ic had 
particular lords to whom it was fL.lijcft, 
whu were of the noble family of /Airo. 
llemry the ftcoiul kiiv^ Spain, created 
his brother D. Telh ?.e Cajldla, who 
was, as well as himfelf, a baftard, 
ear! of Bifcay; but this title died with 
him, and the country was annex'd to 
the crown, the kings of Spaiyi to this 
day iiyling themfelvcs lords oisijcay. 
I'isca'v-VO, a Biicayner. 
Prov. B'fcayno necio taracen de e?i 
medio : The lilly Bifcayner is fcr the 
middle piece. Trie Caftilians make a 
jeii of the Rifcayncrs, as we do of fame 
other people, and with as little feafon. 


for they arc an ingenious people, only 
thty do not fpeak the Spanifli properly. 
The occafion of this proverb was, that 
two Caftilians being at dinner with a 
Bifcayner, they thought to put a je(i 
upon him, ami cheat him of the mid- 
die piece of the fifh ; therefore the one 
faid he did not love the head, the o- 
thcr faid he could not eat the tail : The 
Bifcayner cut the filh in three pieces, 
and gave the tail to him that faid he 
could not eat the head, and the head 
to the other that did not love the tail, 
faying as above, the filly Bifcayner is 
for the middle piece, and fo retorted 
the jeft upon thofe that thought to play 
upon him. 

Bisco, íquiíit-ey'd. 
Biscocha.'do, baked hard, like 

Biscoche'ro, a bisket-maker or 

B1SCÓCH0, biiket. Lat. bis coBus, 
double baked. 

Bisie'stó, the additional day to the 
leap year, which ¡tuHus C<c/ar having 
order'd to be inferred at the ijd of 
April, which is fix before the calends 
of March, and there being that year 
two fixth days before the calends, it 
was called, bijextus, twice the fixth, 
whence the Spaniards took it. They 
alfo fay, año bifiéjlo, the leap- year; 
but not fo properly ; for it fliould be 
año bijjextíl. 

Prov. Mudar bijiéjfo : To take ano- 
ther courfe. Becaufe the dominical 
letter changes every leap-year. 

B I s L Ú M E R £, twilight ; alfo any 
twinkling light -jor glittering, as of 
glafi in the fun, or the like, or a daz- 

BÍsma, a fear-cloth, 
Bisna'ga, a fort of wild fennel, 
which in Spain they keep dry, and is 
generally ufed to make pick-tooths of. 
Bisnie'ta, a great grand-daughter. 
Bisnic'tc, a great grand-fon. Bis 
and Nieto, twice a grand-fon. 

Bisojo, íquint-ey'd. From bis and 
ojo, that is, iooking two ways at once. 
Bisoño, a new-raifcd Ibldier; a 
name accidentally given on account of 
forne Spaniih troops that went into 
Italy , and not knowing the language, 
learnt fome odd words, and among the 
reft bifogno, that is, I v/ant ; and there- 
fore whatever they flood in need of, 
they went about faying, bifogno came, 
pane, &c. I want bread, meat, &c. 
?jid thence the people came to call them 

Bisonte, a fierce foit of beaft with 
•a long. main, and fliap'd like a flag, 

B I V 

but has only one horn, Covar, 

BisPERA, vid. Vijpera. 

BispERAS, vid. Vifperas. 

BissLXTiL, or Año B'Jfexti't, the 

Bissie'sto, v'ld. Bijiejio. 

Bistort A, the herb biftort, or 

B I T 

Bitácora, vid. Bifacula, 

Bita'cula, the bittake, or bitta- 
cle, which is a clofe cupboard placed 
in the ilceridge before the whip or til- 
ler, in which the compaís is kept to 
fleer by. 

Bithy'nia, a great province in the 
LeJferAjia, once a kingdom, in which 
were the famous cities of Nue, Chalce- 
don, Heraclea, Apamea, &c. It lies to- 
wards the Euxine fea. Bochartus, in 
his Ceographia facra, fays, the name 
was given it from the Hebrew word* 
beten, the belly, which in the Phoeni- 
cian is hetin, becaufe it lay up the 
country, or inwards from the PhCE- 
nicians, who cali'd it fo, and thence 
the Greeks corruptly Bithynia. 

BiTOR, a fowl called a bittern. 

Bitoria, \id. Vitoria. 

Bitua'lla, vid. Vitualla. 

B I U 

Biva'z, vid. Vivúz. 

Bivande'ro, vid. vivandero. 

Biva'r, a park, or a warren, or a 
fifli-pond, or any place to keep live 
creatures in. 

Bn'ARO, a badger, grey or brock. 

Bivaro, or Biwrio, a fiih cali'd a 

BiuDA, vid. Viuda. 

Biude'z, vid. Viudez. 

BiÚdo, vid. Viiído. 

Bive'rio, vid. Biváro. 

Bive'ro, a town in the kingdom of 
Galicia in Spain, on a iinall inlet of 
the bay of Bifcay, 7 leagues from Mon- 
doHedo, towards AJlurtas. It is a good 
port under a great mountain, lA Ibil 
fruitful, the inhabitants 400 families, 
with two parifli churches, two raona- 
fteries of nuns, two of friars, two ho- 
ipitals, and one college. 

Bive'za, Biviinda, Biiiiénte; vid. 
'viveza, vivihsda. Viviente. 

BiviR, vid. vivir. 

Bivo, vid. vivo. 

Bivo, o lijla de la toca, the lift of 
linnen cloth. 

BivoRA, a viper. Lat. vípera. 

Bivora de cafcabcl, a rattle-fnake. 

BivORi'zNOj a young viper. 


B L A 

BivoRÍNO, a little viper, and be- 
longing to a viper. 

Lhigiia bivorwa, a viper's tongue, a 
railing carping tongue. 

Eivos, the hems of a garment. 


BixA, an herb the Indians ufe to 
dye their skins with. 

Bixia'r, Obf. to obfervc, to watch. 
Law vigilare. 

B I Z 

Biza'rma, vid. Bifarma, 

Bizarrea'r, to play the gallant, 
to be fine and gay. 

Bizarría, is either, perfonal brave- 
ry and gallantry,jOr rich apparel. The 
etymology fome will have to be Ara- 
bick, lome Baíquiüi, íbme French. 

Biza'rro, cither perfonally brave 
and gallant, or fine in apparel. 

Hablar bizarro, to talk fantaftically 
and extravagantly. 

Ropa bizarra^ a rich coftly garment. 

Biza'za, vid. Bifáfa, 

Bizca' YA, Bizcáym ; vid. Bi/cáya, 

Bizco, Iquint-ey'd. 

Bizcoche'ro, a bisket maker. 

Bizcocho, bisket. 

BÍze, a fea-fiíh like a pcarch. 

Bize'ra, vid. Vizéra. 

Bize'rra, a íbrt of wild goat. 

Bizma, a fear-cloth to keep together 
a broken bone that is let, or to 
flrengthen a weak part, or the like. 

Bizma'do, fear-cloth'd. 

Bizma'r, to wrap up in a fearr 

B L A 

Bla'nca, a piece of money for- 
merly in Spain, being the fixty eighth 
cart of a royal plate ; that is, about 
^ The third part of a farthing. It is alfo 
the proper name of a woman, Blanch, 
and the feminine gender of bianco, 
white. Alfo the name of an illand 
near the coaft of Venezuela in South 
America j 

Ji* tengo blanca, I have not one 

Na vale ma blanca, it is not worth a 

Pagkr blanca a blanca, to pay by 

Es cofa de tres á la blanca, a thing 
of a very inconfiderable value. 

BrANCHE'rE, a little beagle of 

Bla'nco, white; alfo a mark to 
flloot at . Goúí, blanck. 

Dexar en bianco, to leave a blank in 
a writing ; alfo to baulk, to difap- 
. point. 

B L A 

Salir en bianco, to fail in an undcr- 



§ue¿ár en bianco, to be left in the 

Dar en el bianco, to hit the mark, to 
hit the nail on the head. 

Ko fe ft fulano es blanco, ni négn, I 
know not whether fuch a ene is black 
or white. That is, I know nothing of 

Ilazér lo blanco negro, y lo negro blan- 
co, to make white black, and black 
white. To impofe a falfliood, to op- 
pofe the known truth. 

2SÍJ me dixo blinco-has el ojo, he did 
not fay, white is your eye. That is, 
he took fo little notice of me, that he 
did not look me in the face. 

Armado de punta en blanco, arm'd at 
all points cap-a-pe. 

Dezir a tino de piinta en blanco que 
no es ajfi, to tell a man point blank it 
is not fo ; it is next to giving him the 

Hijo de gaUina blanca, the Ibn of the 
white hen. That is, a fortunate man, 
who fucceeds in all things. 

El b¡á?¡co del ave, the wings and 
breaft, or the brawn of a fowl 

Blancor, whitenefi. 

Blancura, whitenefs. 

Prov. La blancura mil tachas difjt- 
nnila: Whitenefs covers a thoufand 
faults. That is, a delicate white skin 
in a woman. 

Blan'da, in cant a bed. 

Blandame'nte, Ibftly, gently. 

Blandea'r, to brandilh, to ihake i 
alfo to faulter, and to waver in one's 

Bland:co, foftifh. 

BlanbÍr, as blandear. 

Bla'ndo, foft, tender, gentle, ef- 
feminate, ¿at, blandus. \i\ cant, a 

Blando de corazón, tender-hearted. 

Traer blanda la mano, to carry a 
gentle hand, to reprove a man loving- 

Blandón, a great flambeau, and 
alfo a great candleftick to fet fuch a 
light on. 

Blandura, foftnels, gentlenefs, 

Blanduras, pafles, or fuch compo- 
(Ttions women ufe to their hands or 
faces ; alfo ointment or poultaces to ri- 
pen any fwclling. 

BlandÚxo, foftilh. 

Bla'nes, a town in Catalonia in 
Spain, near the coaft of the JVftíí/íen-^i- 
nean, five leagues from Empurias, the 
foil indifferent fruitful,, the inhabitants 
600 families, antiently called Blanda. 


There is alfo a family of the fame 

Blancí.uea'do, whitcn'd. 

hiAíKiViiADrK, a wintcner, or a 

BLANQ,onADÚRA, whitening. 

BLANQ.ur a'k, to whiten, or to look 
white. From bianco, white. 

BLANQ.ULCEDr'R, vid. Blanqueador. 

Blanc!.uecl'r, to grow white. 

Blanq.ulcii)o, grown white. 

Blanquería, a place to whiten 

Blancíue'te, white cerufe. 

Blancíulzíno, whitifti. 

Blanquieol, Obf. cerufe. 

BiANQ,uiLL^, the diminutive of 
Blanca the proper name, that is, little 
Blanch , alfo whitifh in the feminine 

Blanquillo, whitiíh. 

Blanquisco, whitifli- 

Bla'o, blue. SeeCovamibi^S: Ufed 
in heraldry, we call it azure. 

Blas, B.'afe, a proper name. 

Bla'sco, the proper name of a man. 

Prov. Aca ejla Blafco, que no am» 
afeo : Here's Blafco, who will not be 
fqueamiih. A vulgar proverb, when 
one refufcs any thing that is offered. 
That is, if one will nor, another will. 

Blafco muHdz, a town in the king- 
dom of Cajlile in Spain, four leagues 
from Arevak, a place but of 60 houfcs. 

Blastema'do, blafphemed. 

Blasfemador, a blaiphemer. 

Blasfema'r, to blafpheme. 

Blasfe'mia, a blafpheniy. Greek 

Blasfe'mo, a blafphemous perfon. 

Blasón, blazon, a coat of arms ; 
alfo boafting. 

Blasona'r, to blazon ; alfo to 
boaft. Greek blakeia, boafting. 

Blat, in the Catalonian language 
(ignifies corn, and more particulaily 
wheat. From the French bled. 

Ble'do, an herb call'd a blite. Lat. 


Boa'l, the proper name of a man, 
being a corruption oí Batidulrus. 

Boa'rda, a garret-window, fuch 
as looks out upon the tiles, or top of 
the roof. 

Boarr'e'te, a ilorm or tempeft, a 
barbarous word. 

Boa'tó, the found of a Foaring 
noify voice. Greek boao, to cry out. 


Boba'daj a fooliih exprefllon cr 


B o C 

BoBADiLLA, the ftinumc of a very 
noble family ii» Spain. 

BonALiA^, a lilly fool, a nicer dok, 
a y.jik Ailtnii, 

BoBARRoN, a great looby fool, a 
great blockhead. 

Bobas, an herb call'd fliarcwoiT. 

A Mas, fooliflily- 

Bola'tico, v^\. Bováfico. 

Bobía'rj to play the fool. 

Bi">BrDA, a vault. 

Bi'beda de ramoj, an aibour in a 

Boblda'd, folly. 

Boiiaios, a fort of thread-lacc, 
much w^rn in Spam formerly by the 

Bor.iLLO, a little fool ; alfo a little 
bellied nii:g with a handle. 

Bo80j or Biito, a fool. From bos, 
an ox. It is a ib a fort of filli in the 
South Sea, not known m Europe; and 
a ftiff hollow fort of ruHj formerly 
worn in Spain. 

Cinillos be bobo, great blown checks. 

17 bobo de caria. Whence this ex- 
preilion came I do not know, and Co- 
varriibias owns he could not find it ; 
but to fay, Parcie at bolo do cdria, is in 
Englifli, He is like a yack Adams ; tho' 
ibmc «ill have it to lignify, He is more 
knave than fool i but the firft is the 
true fenfe. 

Prov. si foy bobo, mheme el dedo en 
la boca : If 1 am a fool, put your fin- 
ger in my mouth. 

Prov. A los bolos fe les aparece ¡a 
madre de Dios : The mother of God 
appears t(? fools. In plahi Englifh, 
Fools have fortune. 

Prov. Bl bobo, ft es cal'.Udo, por f?fúdo 
es repiitá.io : A fool, if he holds his 
peace, is reckoned wife. 

Prov. De bobos y bobos fe bírlele» las 
bJ.ias. Vid. Boda. 

B O C 

B(x;a, a ftopper; a fca-term : It is a 

B O C 

tic windows or holes which arc cut 
out aloft in the captain's or mailer's 
cabbins, arc called by the fame name. 

Boca de efpiicrta rota, a fparrow- 

Boca del drago, the flreight between 
the illand Trinidad and the continent 
of Pana in South America ; fo called, 
bccaufe it is a dangerous place. 

Boca de fuego, any fort of fire-arms. 

Boca de vocbe, night-fill. 

Boca de rio, the mouth of a river. 

Efcuro como boca de lobo, as dark as 
a dungeon ; literally, as a wolf's 
mouth, becaufe their mouths are black. 

OUr null la boca, to have a ftinkiiig 
breath ; metaphorically, to have an ill 

Boca arriba, with the mouth up ; 
any veflel (landing fo, or a man ly- 
ing on his back. 

Boca abáxo, with the mouth down ; 
a veiicl fo fct, or a man lying on his 

Regalar a uno a que quieres boca, to 
treat a man with all the varieties his 
mouth can crave. 

^iiarfelo de la boca para darlo a 
afro, to fpare it out of one's own 
mouth or belly to give to another. 

Atapi'ir bocas, to nop mouths, to give 
or do fomething that they may not 
ipeak ill, 

Eflar boca con boca, to be crowded 
up together mouth to mouth. 

Dar cuenta de un negocio a boca, to 
give account of a bufincfs face to face. 

Sufientixr nn'tchas bochas, to feed 
many mouths. 

No tomar a uno en la boca, not to 
mention a man. 

Pegar lo boca a la pared, to cling 
one's mouth to the wall. That i;, 
not to have courage to difcover one's 

No osfalga de la boca, do not fpeak 
a word of it. 

No dixo (fla boca es mía, he did not 
That is, he 

piece of rope having a wale-knot at 

one end, and a lannier fpÜced to it,' fay this mouth is mine, 
■and the other end made faft to fomc did nut ipeak one word 
part; the ufe of them to Itop the ca- No ieiiir boca para dezir de no, not 
bles, that they may go out by little to know how to give a refufal. 

and little 

Boca, the mouth. From the Latin 

Boca de calle, the end of, or entrance 
into a (Ireet. 

Beca de cofái, the mouth'of a fack ; 
meif phorically, a wide or an infatiablc 

Boca de efcctt'lla, a fcuttle, that is, a 
iijuare hole as big as a man can con- 
\enicntly go down through in the 
l-a ch{s or .deck of i» fliip , alio the lit- 

No tener boca el cavallo, is for a horfe 
to be hard mouth'd. 

Dezir todo h que fe le viene a la boca, 
to fay any thing that comes uppcrmoft. 

Guardar la boca el ejifn-mo, is for a 
lick pcribn to be regular, and eat or 
drink nothing but what the phyfician 

Prov. Guarda la loca, y efcufaras la 
fangria : Keep your own counCl, and 
you'll fave your neck. Advice to eli- 
mináis on the rack, The contrary to. 


Confeis and be hang'd. 

I'lov. No diga la boca con que pitgue 
la coca : Let not the mouth utter what 
you may be call'd to an account for. 

Prov. En boca cer\ada no intra mofea : 
Flics do not get into a mouth that is 
ihut. No harm comes of being filcnt. 

Prov. Boca p.-ijdfa cria cara hermofa: 
A firawy mouth, that is, oxen that 
feed on Ihavv, makes a beautiful face. 
To iignify, that thofe who have much 
cattle, and are rich, look fair and 
well, becaufe they live- at eafe, have 
plenty, and have not occafion to ipoil 
th;ir complexion in the fun. 

Prov. En boca del Aragonés no <iy nial 
pez: There is no ill filli to an Arago- 
nian. Becaufe that kingdom it ihut up 
every way from the fca, and there- 
fore any fiili is counted a rarity. 

Prov. ^lién tiene boca }io diga a otro 
fopla: Ke that has a mouth muil not 
bid another blow. That is, a man 
muft not fet another to do what he can 
do himfelf. 

Prov. En la boca del difcrko lo pi'tblici 
es fecreto : In a diicreet man's mouth, 
what is publick is kept fecret. That is, 
a wife man will be cautious of talking 
of things that may be huftful, though 
they are publickly known. 

Boca'^a, a great mouth. 

BocAci, buckram. 

Bocadea'do, bit, gnaw'd. 

Bocadea'r, to bite. 

Bocadillo, a fhiall bit, or mouth- 

Boca'dq, a morfel, a bit, a mouth- 
ful, abite; the wadding of a gun, the 
bit of a bridle. From boca, a mouth. 

Bocado fin huéffo, a bit that has no 
bone ; met. a conveniency without an 

Tomar un bocado, to eat a bit, to 
break one's faft. 

Alean cad tin bocado, give mc a bit to 

No áy un bocado, there is not a mor- 

Comcrfelo en un bocado, tomcat it at 
a mouthful. 

^erérfele comer a bocados, to be in 
fuch a paliion, as if one would eat a 

Levantárfe con el bocado en la boca, 
to riie from table with one's mouth 
full ; that is, not to allow one's felf 
time to eat. 

Sacitr el bocado redondo, to bite out a 

Prov. A hue» bocado, buen grito : A 
good mouthful will caufe a good groan. 
That is. Epicures, who feed high, and 
are troubled with the gout, give as 


B O C 

many groans as they eat good bits. 

Prov. A bocado harón ejfoláda de vt- 
w: A large bit muft be fpurr'd with 
wine. That is, a bad eater, who can 
fcarce get down his meat, mult fpur on 
his lazy appetite with a glafs of wine, 

Prov. Bocado comido w gana amigo : 
A morfel eaten, gains no friend. That 
is, either what a man has eaten him- 
felf will gain him no friends^ or that 
men forget what they have eaten ; 
that is, paft kindnefles. 

Prov. Bocado de mal pa», ni lo comas, 
ni ¡o des a tu can : Do not eat a morfel 
of bad bread, nor give it to your dog. 
The bread is generally fo very good 
and plentiful in Spain, that they will 
net allow the very dogs to eat that 
which is amiis. 

Prov. No áy mejor bocado que el hur- 
tado : No better morfel than that which 
is flollen. Stollen goods are fweet. 

Boca'l, a pot or mug with which 
they take wine out of great jars ; it 
commonly holds an azumbre, which is 
about three pints. From the Greek 
haucalion, a veiTel for wine. 

Bocal de pozo, the mouth of a well. 

Bo<;a'l, Subft. a muffler, a muzzle, 
a bag to hang at a beaft's mouth, that 
it may not Itop to eat. 

Boca'l, Adj. ignorant, that cannot 
Ipeak the language of the country, or 
(peaks only his own tongue ; unskil- 

Manceh'to bofál, a mere novice. 

Bocana'da, a mouthful. 

Bocane'gra, the furname of a no- 
ble family in Spain, defcended fi-om a 
duke of Genoa, The firft of them in 
Spain was admiral of Cajlile, and from 
him are defcended the earls of í/i/otíí, 
and other peribns of quality of the fur- 
name oíBocanégra and Portocarrero, 

Boca'r, to rough hew, or cut out 
any work. 

Bocara'n, fine buckram. 

Bocayre'nte, a town of 500 
hcufes, one parifli, one monaftery of 
men, Jnd one of women, feated on a 
high rock in the kingdom of Valencia, 
thirteen leagues from the city of that 

Boi;r/L, the brims or lips of a cup 
or other veflel, the edge of any orna- 
ment in carv'd work, or the like. 

Bo^ella'r, Obf. a kettle. 

Boce'ro, an old word ufed in the 
■antient laws of Sp^in, fignifying the 
iame as abogado. 

Boctza'r, to gape, to yawn, 

ioct'zo, gaping or yawning. 

BócHi, in cant a hangman. 

BocHt'ROj in cant the executioner's 


Bochín, the common ixecutioncr, 
the hangman ; fo call'd from boya, a 
butcher, who has his name from bos, 
an ox, becaufe he kills them ; and an 
executioner is a butcher. Covarrubias. 

Bochorna'do, wither'd or dry'd 
up with heat, or fainting with heat. 

Bochorno, fultry, clofe, hot wea- 
ther. From boca de horno, the mouth 
of an oven. 

Bocina, an hunter's cornet ; lb call- 
ed quafi buccina. It is alfo the Spanifli 
name of the northern conftellation call- 
ed urfa minor, or the lelfer bear ; be- 
caufe the flars that form it are placed 
in the ihape of a cornet. 

Bocine'ro, one that winds a cor- 
net, or he that makes or fells them. 

Bo^o , the down that grows on 
mens faces before the beard, or on 
womens faces. 

Bocón, a great mouth. 

Bocudo, that has a great mouth, 

BO9Ú0O, one that has much down 
on the skin, 


BÓDA, a wedding. The etymology 
not known. 

BoDAs, the fame as boda, being in- 
differently ufed either in the lingular 
or plural number. 

Andarfe de boda en boda, to go from 
wedding to wedding. That is, to live 
an idle Ipunging life, always running 
from one good houfe to another, or 
from feaft to feaft, without taking any 
pains, or minding any thing but mirth. 

Prov. Aiinfe come el pan de la boda : 
The wedding bread is Itill eaten. That 
is, the wedding feafting is icarce over. 
It is all love and mirth. It is honey- 
moon ftill. 

Prov. A la loda de Don Garcia ¡leva 
pan en la caplla : Carry bread in yam 
hood to Don Garcid's wedding. That 
is, do not confide too much in the 
cheer you ihall have at a feall or wed- 
ding, but provide for your felf, left it 
fall Ihort, as they fay it happened at 
D. Garcia's wedding, who was a poor 
gentleman, and had invited many 
guefts, the better Ibrt had the dinner 
fct before them, and the others were 
forced to take up with a fecond table, 
where bread being fcarce, one wifer 
than the reft puU'd out a piece he had 
brought from home and faid as above: 
And he lays in the hood, becaufe in 
former ages the men wore great hoods 
hanging behind to pull over their heads 
upon occalTon, before hats were in ufe, 
and made uie of them as a pocket. 

Prov. Boda buena boda mala, el mar- 
tes en tu cafa: Whether the wedding 


be a good one or a bad one, be at 
home, or you muft be at home on 
Tuejday. It was once ufual in Spain, 
efpccially among the oidinary lore, to 
be married upon Saturday, and then 
they treated their guefts that day, Sun- 
day, and Monday. So the proverb fays, 
you mull be at home on Titefday, be- 
caufe be the wedding never lb fplen- 
did, the feafting is then done; or elfe 
becaufe it is time to retire, to look to 
your buftneG. 

Prov. Boda de negros : A wedding of 
blacks. That is, all noife and confu- 
lion. Becaufe thofc poor people at 
their weddings have not the order 
and decency that is obfcrved among 
gentry ; but all talk, ling, and dance 
without any method. 

Prov. De bobos y bobas fe hinchen las 
bodas: Weddings are fiil'd up with 
men and women fools. It is a futji- 
cient fign of folly to be always haunt- 
ing weddings and fuch publick meet- 
ings, to which fools refort either to 
eat and drink, or to ihew their fine 
cloaths, or becaule they know not how 
to fpend their time better. 

Prov. Dé tales bodas tales tortas i 
Of fuch weddings fuch cakes. That is, 
from llich company you muft expeit 
fuch adions ; or, fuch a courfe of life 
muft come to fuch an end ; or, fuch 
caufes will produce fuch effeds, Yoa 
can exped no more from a cat but her 
skin. They fay, the occafion of the 
proverb was a gentleman's marrying a 
lady that was not fo chafte as Lucretiay 
and at his wedding lome wag brought; 
in cakes ftuck with Cornupia's, and 
fome asking what that meant, another 
anfwer'd, luch a wedding, fuch cakes ; 
alluding to the horns that threatned 
the gentleman. 

Prov. 'Efe es de boda, que duerme 
con la nóbia : He has molt Ihare in the 
wedding who lies with the bride. 
That is, he is the principal gueft, ha 
has molt intcreft in the wedding, for 
he has all the enjoyment of the feaft 
and bride at another's expence. 

Prov. La boda de los pobres toda e* 
vózes : Poor peoples weddings are all 
noife. Becaufe as was faid above ii» 
the blacks wedding, the poor have not 
that order and decency as the rich, 
and all their pleafure is noife and con- 

Prov. La mas hermofa de todas come 
la otra haze bodas ." The beautifulleft 
of them all makes a wedding like ano- 
ther. This is a check to the pride of 
thoie women who are conceited of their 
beayty, iq give them to' uudsiftand, 
K th£ 


'hat the befl they can cxpcik is but to 
be marry'J, and ufcd as other woJiien 
«re, to breed chiUrtn, bring tliem forth 
with pain, anJ perhaps be no more va- 

lutd. ^,^ . 

Piov. La que no b,',yla de la boda fe 
falga : Let her that docs not dance 
turn out of the wcddint;. When you 
aic at Rome you inuft do as they do at 
Home. In company no one niult be 
linoular, but do as the company doci, 
or clfe leave it, lell they be look'd up- 
on as fpies on the aitions of others. 

Prov. Lo (¡lie no fe laze a la boda, 
no fe haze a toda lora : What is not 
done at tlie wedding, is not done at 
any indifi'erent time." 1 hat is, if peo- 
ple do not perforin at the proper fea- 
íóns, as makini; a fcai! at the wedding, 
or the like, it is in vain to cxpcft it of 
them at another time. Applicable to 
thofc that refufe to do things in feafon, 
and feek delays, pioniifing from day to 
day what ought to be pertbrm'd out of 

Prov. si idda Jin canto, ni mortuo- 
rio fin llanto: There is no wedding 
without linoing, nor no burial without 
weeping. This is natural, lince every 
body endeavours to rejoice at weddings, 
and at funerals many weep, tho' it be 
but for falliion. 

Prov. No ay boda fin tornaboda : 
There is no wedding without a fecond 
wedding ftaft. It is the Spanilli ciif- 
tom, after the bridegroom has celebra- 
ted the feüival of his nuptials as long as 
he thinks fit, Lr the wife's father to 
treat all the company fplendidly ; and 
this they call to'-naioda, that is, the re- 
petition of the wedding. Or if this 
fails, the bridegroom performs it him- 
felf, which IS the rcafon they fay, 
There is no wedding without the re- 
petition of the wedding, becaufe it is 
Icwk'd upon as an indifpenfable duty. 

Prov, Ko fe haze la boda de hongos, 
finó es de buenos ducados redondos : The 
wedding is not made of muflirooms, 
but of good round ducats. That is, it 
is not a flight matter like muihrooms, 
that will defray the expence of a wed- 
ding, but it requires good round du- 
cats, a round expence, and not by 
halves. Applicable to any that think 
to do great matters with a final! charge. 

Prov. La flaca híxyla en la boda, que 
w la gorda : The lean one dances at 
the wedding, and not the fat one. 
This proverb is by way of advice to 
unweildy women, that they do not 
covet to go to places where there muft 
be dancing, becaufe they will be 
lliamed by young tender girls, who 


arc fit for that fport. In general it di- | 
rciih all perfons to apply themfelves to 
that they are fit for, and not to aim at 
what they can never perform. 

Prov. ^i»/ boda fin Doña Toda ? 
What wcd'ling is there without Doña 
Toda ? This is a reproof to all thofe 
that thrull themfelves into every com- 
pany, and take care to mifs no merry 
bout, as they fay this Doña Toda did, 
from whom the proverb took its rife. 

ProVi ^litn fe enfaña en la boda, 
piérdela toda : Ke that takes pet at a 
wedding lofes it all. If a man grows 
pallionatc and pettiih, he either goes 
away, and fo has no ihare of the mer- 
ry-making, or, if he flays, is fo dif- 
compofed, that it little afi'eñs him. To 
inftrudt us not to be ealily provoked, 
or grow angry in company that is met 
to be jovial and merry. 

Prov. §uii'n biev báyla, de boda en 
boda fe átida : He that is a good dancer 
goes from one wedding to another. 
Whoever has any particular grace, as 
dancing, finging, good converiation, 
or the like, is always acceptable in fuch 
merry meetings, and therefore is com- 
monly invited, or, if not, eafily in- 

Prov. si déjla efcápo. y no muero, 
nunca mas bodas al cielo : If I elcape 
this, and do not die, I'll never go fee 
more weddings in heaven. This is a 
fable, that the fox feeing the eagle very 
weary, asked where flie had been, 
who anfwer'd that at a wedding in 
heaven. The fox defir'd her the next 
wedding there was in heaven to carry 
her thither, which was what the eagle 
delired, and accordingly came and took 
up the fox, whom from a great height 
fhe let fall. The fox, as ihe was tum- 
bling, cry'd out. If I efcape this bout, 
and am not kill'd, I'll ne'er go to more 
weddings in heaven. Applied to thofc 
who having run themfelves into fome 
great danger, take warning by it, and 
promife if they efcape, never to run 
fuch hazards again. 

Prov. A la búda del herrero cada qua! 
con fu dinero : Every one goes with his 
own money to the blackfmith's wed- 
ding. This is in country towns, where 
there is but one finith, and therefore 
all the people court him, fo they go to 
his wedding, and every one carries 
fomething to prefent him. Every one 
is free to prefent where there is a pro- 
fpeit of intereft. 

Prov. ^ando fueres a la boda pon tu 
olla í When you go to a wedding 
hang on your own pot. That is, pro- 
vide meat at homcj iho' you j^o to a 


feaft, forfearof what may happen. See 
more of this above, under the proverb 
/I la boda de Don Garcia, &c. 

Prov. En ¡a boda quién menos come 
es la novta: At the wedding it is the 
bride that eats leaft. Becaufe when all 
others are merry and free, modcfly re-, 
flrains her. 

Bode'ga, a cellar for wine. In a 
fhip the hold, or howl'd, which is all 
the empty fpace below the firft or low- 
er deck, where proviiions and flores, 
or goods are flow'd. 

Bodegón, a place where the mean- 
er fort of people go to eat, like our 
mean ordinaries, to which no people " 
of any falhion refort. 

Bodegonl'ra, and Bodegonero, a 
man or woman that keeps a bodegón, or 
fuch eating place. 

Bodegue'ro, a cellar-man, or he 
that has charge of the cellar. 

Bodia'n, a fea-fiih like a tench. 
Bodigo, a fmall cake or roll of 
bread, which in fome villages in Spain 
they offer in the church, and are alfo 
ufed as rolls with us. Arab. 

Bodoca'zo, the flroke of a pellet 
(hot out of a crois-bow, a trunk, or 
the like. 

B0DOQ.UE, a pellet of clay, a clay 
bullet. Arabick. 

yugar al bodoque, vid. yugar. 

B O E 
Boeíue'lo, aftalkingox, or horfo 
made of canvas, or the like, to come, 
within fliot of fowl. ■ 
B O F 
Boíc'ña, Obf. vid. Bo/fX, 
Bofes, the lungs or lights. Arab. 
Vxhar los lófes, to vomit one's heart 
up ; met. to be fo anxious that a man 
has not time to breath. 

Boieta'da, a buffet, a cuff on the- 

Boíeta'n, buckram. 
Eoietea'r, to buffet. 
BorETON, a cuff on the car. 
Bórf o, a bruife in the fleih ', alfo a- 
fine manchet of bread. ^ 

BoroNES de jubón, the buckram and 
canvas, or inward part of a doublet. 
BoíÓrdO, vid. Bohordo. 

Boga, rowing with oars ; alfo a 
fort of fiih found in the lake Titicaca, 
in the kingdom of PíW, wholfom, but 
very bony. 

Boga'da, a buck, or bucking, that 
is, foaking of liunen in lye, which is 
done in a basket or veCfel fiill of holes, , 
that the water may drain from it as ic 
is pour'd on. Alfo rowing with oars.' . 



Bogador, a rower, one that tugs 
at the oai". 

Boga'r, to row, to tug at the oar. 

A Bogaranca'da, to row with all 
might and main. 

"Bogava'nte, the foreman in row- 
ing. From bogttr ¿ivatite, to row be- 

BÓGLIA, vid. Buénahógüa. 

BOGO, a íbrt of fiíh very white. 

Bogota, a province in Nuevo reyno 
tie Granada in South America. 

Bohe'íiia, the kingdom of Bole- 

Bohe'mio, a Bohemiau'; alfo a 
■ihort cloak, ÍO call'd becaufe the fa- 
fllion came from Sohemia. 

Bohe'ña, vid. Bofes. 

Bohío, a thatch'd houfc, a cottage. 
The Indian name for it. 

BoHONERiA, pedlars ware, or .a 
place where fuch ware is fold. 

Bohone'ro, a pedlar; quaft boxo- 
mro, becaufe they ufed to fell fmall 
trinkets made of box. 

Prov. Cada bohonéro alaba fus agu- 
jas : Every pedlar praifes his own 
needles ; or, as we fay, no man cries 
flinking fiíh. 

Bohorda'r, to caft long ftiff ruih- 
es, called bohordos, at one another, or, 
inñead of them, fmall rods. See bo- 

Bohordo, any fort of ruih, but 
pai'ticularly the great rufli that has a 
long round head like velvet. Alio 
fmall rods, the gentry riding abroad 
on midfummer day in the morning to 
divert themfclvcs, dart up into the air : 
perhaps in fome places they ufed thefe 

Bohordos, the plunging of a horfe, 
or his riling with all foiur upright from 
the groumd. 

BÓja, compafling, or going about ; 
alio a little ibre. 

Boja'r, to compafs, or go about ; 
to bi fo much about. 


Bola'dO, Solador; vid. f'oládo, Vi- 

Bola'r, vid. Volar, 

Bolarme'nico, bolc-armoniack. 
Bola'so, or Bolazo, a Itrokc of a 

Bola'ta, or Boletero, or Boladar, 
a thief that gets in at windows or tops 
of houfes. 

Bolatea'r, vid. J'olateár, 
BoLATÍN, vid. Volatín. 

Bola'yma, a fort of fweet cake of 
bread. Viáge deTeixeira, p. io6. 

Bolca'do, ovcrturn'd, turn'd topfy 

Boleado me ha el vino, the wine has 
turn'd my brain. 

Bolca'n, vid. Volcán. 

Bolca'r, ToBuélco, to overturn, to 
turn topfy turvy. 

Boll'a de pelota, the flyingof a ball. 

Bolea'do, bowl'd, roU'd ; alfo 
made like a bowl. 

Bele/tdo fombrero, a haf" that has a 
crown as round as a ball. 

Boleador, a thief that plies at fairs. 

Bolea'r, to bowl. 

Bole'o, a flight, or a firoke given 
to a ball before it comes to the groimd, 
or the flight of the ball. 

Llei/arfe una cofa de boleo, to do a 
thing, or run away with it at a heat. 

Bole'ta, a little billet or ticket; a 
billet for quarters. 

Boletín, a ibldier's billet for quar- 

Boliche, the fmall fiíh drawn in a 
net; alio the whole draught, as it is 
often bought. Greek boles, a net. In 
cant a gaming-houfe. 

Boliche'ro, in cant, a card-maker. 

Bolilla, a little bowl or ball. 

Bolillo, a little nine-pin, or a 
bobbin to make lace. 

Bolina, the bowling, a fea-term, 
and is a rope faflned to the middle part 
of the outfide of the fail, to make the 
fail Hand iharpcr, or cloier by a wind. 

Ir a la bolina, o bolinár, to fail upon 


Bola, any round bowl, but gene- 
rally taken for fuch a bowl as is ufed 
at nine-pins, on bowling-greens, or 
the like. 

Bola de wénfo, a wind-ball, in the 
nature of our foot-ball. 

Emboc/tr la bola, to ftrike the ball or 
bowl into the mouth of the ring. 

Tener la bola en el emboque, to lie in 

Bola'da, Bokdéro, vid. Volada, vo- 

a bowling. 

Bolla, a little light roll of bread, 
for boUo ; alio an impreilion. 

Bolla'do, vid. AboUúdo. 

Bolladura, \''iá,ylboUadúra, 

Bolla'r, vid. AboUar. 

Bolle'ta, vid. Boletín. 

Bolliciador, Bolliciar; vid. Bnl- 
liciadór, Bulliciar. 

BoLLÍcio, BoUiciófo, vid. Bullicio, 

BotLo de pan, a roll of bread. 

BdUo de golpe, a bump or fwelling 
by a blow. 


Bí)'/7í) malmcn, a cake or roll of bread 
made with charms, to gain love. Ovar. 
fays he cannot find the etymology. 

Bollón de cinta, a Itud or bois on 
a girdle. 

Bollona'do, ftuddcd or bofs'd. 
Bollue'lo, a little fine cake. 
Bollúllos, vid. BoluUos. 
Bolonia, the cky Dononia ia Italy, 
Bolo, one of the nmc-pins. 
Bolos, nine-pins to play. 
Efliír en ¡os Laos, to be within pins ; 
met. To have the conveniency of ma- 
naging one's bufiuefs at plcafure. 

Bolsa, a purft, a pouch. Lat.burfa. 
Alio an exchange for merchants to 

Bolfa de camino, a pouch or bags for 
a traveller to carry his neceilarics. 

Bolfa de arzón, a hawking bag, or 
a bag to carry behind one on horfe- 

Bo'fa en vcjlido, a pucker or fold in 
a garment. 

Bolfa natural, the natural purfe in 
which the teliicles are. 

Bolfa rota, a torn purfe ; met. a 
man that cannot keep his money. 

Bolfa de hierro, an iron purfe ; a man 
that will not part with his money. 

Bolfa de Dios, God's purfe, that is, 
alms for the poor. 

Bolfa de moneda en Perjia, a purfe of 
money in PerJia ; their way of rec- 
koning great iiims of money. Every 
purfe of theirs containi looo tomans, 
and every toman or tomin is i6 ducats. 
Dar ¿tro mido a la bolfa, to give the 
purfe another knot, to be proof againft 
all temptations of laying out money. 

Fiar a facar de la bolfa, to truit till 
the money is taken out of the purle, to 
fell for ready money. 

Llevar bien herrada la bolfa, to have 
the purfe well lined. 

Hazér belfas la materia, when the 
matter of a wound docs not evacuate, 
but links into the fleih, and makes 

Prov. Bolfa fin dinero, digola cuero : 
A purfe witJiout money is no better 
than a piece of leather. Purfcs were 
iifually made of leather, and when 
chey had no money were worth little, 
Prov. ^ién p:érde, or quién compra 
y miente, en fu bolfa lo fi ente: He that 
lofes, or he that buys and lies, finds ic 
in his piufe. When a man denies 
what he lofes, or pretends to buy 
cheaper than he rcallydoes, he cannot 
deceive hinifeir, but finds the mifs of 
his money in his pocket. 

Bolsa'r, to make purfcs, to pucker, 

or gather up, as garments ill made do. 

P 4 Bolsero, 


Boisf/ro, a puifc-makcr, 

BoLsiCA, a little purfc. 

Bolsico, a little puric, or pouch. 

Frov. ^<i>;; tictK qinuro y g.'ijia finco 
no ha mcne¡tcr bolsico: He that has foiw, 
and fpciids íivc, has no need of a purfc. 

BoisiLLA, vid. Bolsico. 

Bolsillo, a coat-pockct. 

Bolsos", a great purfc or pouch. 

BoLXARio, an unitcady pcrfon, that 
is not long ia a mind. 

Boltario, in cant amongft gameftcrs, 
is one that is always furc to return to 

BoLTEADOR, a tumblef, a vaulter. 

BoLTEADÚRA, tumblinií, vaulting. 

Boltea'r, to tumble, to vault ; ra- 
thsr voltear, from -joho. 

BoLTEjADOR, Boltejáf, vid. Bolte- 
ado'r, BcUear, 

B6lti7ue'la, vid. BitelteZJtéla. 

Bolton, a jewel like a heart to 
hang about the neck. 

Bolton de cinta, a ilud, or bois on a 

BoLVEDizo, that turns cafily, apt 
GO tuni. 

Bolve'r, To Buého, holm; to turn, 
to return, to reftore. 

Bahier. a un lugar, to return to a 

Bolwr h prejládo, to reftore a thing 

Bel'jér lo de dentro afuera, to tura 
the inlide out. 

Bol'uér ¡á hdjí, to turn over a new 

BJvér h que fe ha comido, to can up 
what one has eaten. 

Boltier atrás de fu palabra, to go 
from one's word. 

Bohcr al lomito, to return to the 
vomit, to rclapfe into fin. 

Bolwr Jas efp/tldas, to turn one's back, 
to run away. 

Bohtrfe en color, to bluih, to colour 
with anger. 

Bchiirfe el lino, is for wine to turn 

JviJ boiler cabifa, not to relieve thofe 
a man ought. 

Bahér la psiota, to fend back the 
ball, to give one an Oliver for his 

Bohlr a lino loco, to mike a man mad. 

Bolvcr fobre fl, to recollcft one's fclf. 

Bolvirpor alguno, to take one's part. 

Bolvcr por fu palabra, to make good 
one's word. 

Sehi,- al revés, to turn the wrong 
fide out. 

Bolvíble, that may turn, or be 

5°I.vimii;'nto, a turning. 


BoLÚLLos DEL Conda'do, a town 
in the province o( Andaluzta in Spain, 
8 leagues from Sevil, has 600 houles, 
one parilli, one hoipital, and three 
chapels, a plentiful Ibil, and belongs 
to the duke of Medina Sidonia. 

B0LÚLLOS DE LA Imitación, a 
town like the laft in AndaUma, two 
leagues from .Sew/, has 100 houfes, one 
parilli, one hofpital, two chapels, and 
belongs to the king. 

BoLUMEN, vid Tohlnien, 

Bomba, a pump, alio a bomb. Greek 
bombeo, to found. 

Dar a la bomba, to pump ; met. to 

Bomba'rda, a canon or mortar- 

Bombarde'ro, a gunner, a bom- 

Bombas!, fuftian. 

Bombo, a humming noiie. 

Bombón, a territory in the king- 
dom of Peru. 


Bona, Obf. goods.' 

Bona'nca, a calm, fair weather; 
met. proiperity. 

Bonan^a'r, to clear up, to grow 
fair or calm. 

Bona'o, a town in the ifland Hif- 
paniola in America, 

Bona'yre, an ifland off the coaft 
of Venezuela in South America, 

BÓNDA, vid. Honda. 

BÓNDA, a fmall territory in the pro- 
vince of Santa Marta in South America, 

Bonda'd, goodnefs. 

Bonde'jo,. the cheefe-prefs. 

Bone'ta, a bonnet, which is an 
additional fail, added upon occafion to 
the other fails, to gather all the wind 
that may be. 

Boneta'da, a falute with the cap. 

Bone'te, a cap ; alfo as bonéta. 

Prov. Bonete y almete háx.en. cafas de 
copete : The cap and helmet make great 
families. That is, learning, denoted 
by the cap, and war, denoted by the 
helmet, raife men to great fortunes. 

Bonete'ro, a cap-maker. 

Bonetillo, a little«p, or a skull- 

BONGO de (área, the filver biiih. 

B0NÍC0, pretty, neat. 

Bonita'z, the furname of an an- 
ticnt fami y in Spain, originally of the 
city Burgos in Old Cajlile, the progeni- 
tor of them, Kamon Bonifaz, was the 
firft admiral of Caflile, at the inftitution 
of that dignity. 

BoNii.\'cio,. Bcniffce, a chriftian 
) name. . ' 

B O R 

B0NÍT0, pretty. Alio a fiih íó cal- 
led, which is a fort of tunny fiih. 

Bo.víga, a cow-turd. From bos, an 
ox, quajt boiéga. 

Prov. ^lén come boñiga comerit, 
ojaldre : He that eats cow-turd would 
eat puft-palle-cake ; that is, if he had 
it. To fignify, that whoever fares 
hard, would fare better if they could, 
or when a man eats loathfome things, 
it is for want of good. 

Bonvaron, the herb groundfwel. 

BoíÑue'lo, vid. Buñuelo. 

Bootes, a conftcUation by the lef' 
fer bear,, called by another name ario-r 
philax, or the bearward. 
B O Q. 

Boq.uea'da, a gaping or yawning, 
a gafp ; as. La última boqueada, the 
lalt gafp. 

Boq.uea'r, to gape, to yawn, to 
open the mouth,- to gafp for breathi 
From hoca, the mouth. 

Jsi) ojfar boquear, not to dare to ipeals 
a word. 

Boquear, or Dar la poflrér boqueada, 
to breath one's laft. 

Bociueretón, orBoqueron, agreat 
hole in a wall, a great opening oí 

Bociuiabie'rto, open-mouth'd. 

Boquifruncido, íhrivel-mouth'dj 
that has the mouth drawn up like a 

Boq.uiHUNDino, one that has his 
mouth funk in. 

BodviLLA, a little mouth. 

Boq.uis!Ue'lle, tender mouth'd. 

B0Q.UIROTO, wide mouth'd ; met; 
foul mouth'd. 

B0Q.U1RÚB10, a young beau. In 
cant a cully. 

Boquise'co, dry-mouth'd ; met» 
a man that cannot Ipeak one word of 

Me dexaron falir loquife'co, they let 
me come away without wetting my 

B0Q.UISUMÍD0, that has the ¡lijuth 
funk in, like old people that have loft . 
their teeth. 

B0Q.UITA, a little mouth. 

Boq.uitue'rto, wry-mouth'd. 

BociuivE'ROE, one that talks in- 
conliderately, idly. 

B O R 

BÓRBA, a town in Portugal, in the 
territory of Efremoz, has a caüle, 400 
houfes, and fends deputies to the fsi'- 

Borbolla, a little bubble upon the 

Borbou.ea'r, to bubble, to boil up. 


B o R 

BoREOLLÍTA, a little bubble. 

BoRBOLlÓN, the violent gufliing 
of water out of a pipe, or other hole, 
which forcing out makes a noifc that 
founds like bor, bor, whence the word is 
deriv'd. It is alfo the bubbling up of 
boiling water, or of a fpring that guill- 
es out of the ground. 

Bor Bo TOR, a town in the king- 
dom of raknaa in Spain, oi not above 
70 houfes. 

BoRBujA, vid. Bodioíía^ 

Borceguí, a buskin. Arab. 

Borcülla'r de cáxa, the edge or 
rim cf a box or cheft. 

Borda, the main fail of a galley. 

Bordador, an embroiderer. 

Borda'do, embroider'd ;aHb edg'd. 

BordadÚra, embroidery ; alfo 

"Borda'r, to embroider ; alfo to 

Borde, the edge, the brim, the fide 
of a fhip ; alfo a baftard fon. 

Borde tajado, ¡ííhzgo'Aor jagg'd edge. 

Borde a'r, to tack forwards and 
backwards at fea ; alfo to cruiic. 

Bordo as Ir abordo, to go aboard a 

Hazir otro bordo, to tack the Ihip, is 
to bring her head about to lie the o- 
thcr way. 

Bordón, a rtaffto walk, a pilgrim's 
fta&' ; alfo the great or bafe itring of 
an inftrument. 

Bordón, is alio the burden of a 
fong, a repetition of the fame thing at 
every fianza, and rhiming ftill to it. 

Bordón, a town in the kingdom 
of Aragón in Spain, two leagues from 
Cantavieja, among- the mountains,, has 
about 100 houfes, a place of refort to a 
church, of our lady. 

B0RDONADÓRES, this word found 
in ibme authors, none of whom can 
give a pofitive account of what it is, 
but only giiefs they were ibme gentle- 
men, who iis'd to calLwooden rods at 
a mark fet up, inftead of lances, to ex- 
crcife tííeir llrength, and try whether 
they could ftrike them into it. 

BoRDONcÍLjLO, a little walking- 
ilaff; alfo the burden of a fong, which 
is repeated at the end of every fianza. 

Bordone'ro, a counterfeit pilgrim 
that goes about in that habit to live 
idly ; thence any idle ilrowling fel- 
low or beggar. 

Bordones, a river in the province 
of dimana in South America. 

Boreas, the north wind. Lat. 

BoRGÚÑA, the country of Ettrgundy, 
betwixt France and Germany, 

B0RGOÑÓN, a Burgusdian. 


BÓRjAj a city in the kingdom ofA- 
ragon in Spain, at the foot of a lull, 
noc far from the great mountain Mon- 
cayo, towards the frontiers of Cajiile 
aná'Navarre, has a good caflle, ftrong 
vvalls, a fruitful territory, 80a houfes, 
three pariih churches, one of them col- 
legiate, four monafleries of friars, one 
of nuns, one hofpital, and feveral cha- 
pels. Antiently cail'd Bejintim. It 
has given its name to a noble family 
in that kingdom, defcended from the 
blood royal, whofe chief is duke of 
Gandía, cail'd by the Spaniards Borja, 
by us corruptly Borgia, 

Borla, a tuft or a toifel of filk, or 
other matter. Doitors wear a borla, 
that is, a filk toflel on their caps to de- 
note their degree. 

B0RLADOR, a toifol-maker. 
Borlón, a great tufe or toflel. 
BoRLiLLA, a little tuft or tofleL 
Borlones, a fort of fluff made in 
HoUand, which they fend into Spain. 
There is of it plain and flower'd. 

Borne, the end of the lance us'd in 
tilting. From the French Born, tlie 
extremity or boundary. It is alio a 
fort of oak, and the bending of any 

Bornea'do, bent by heating at 
the fire, or otherwifc. 

Bornea'r, to bend by heating at 
the fire, or otherwife.-. 
Borní, a fort of hawk. 
BornIdo, in cant, hang'd. 
BoRNOs, a town in A/idalnzia, li 
leagues from Sevi!, has 100 houfes, 
one pariih, two monafleries of men, 
one of nuns, a houfe to maintain fix 
poor men, and as many women well 
born, one hofpital, and five cliapels. 

Borona, a fort of grain in China, 
which makes brown bread. 

BoRox, a town in the kingdom of 
CaJlile in Spain, near the city Toledo. 

Borra, flocks of fliort wool ; the 
knap of frizc, or the like ; any little 
tuft of wool ; alfo the drofs, or the 
lees of any thing. 

Borra'cha, a leather, bottle, which 
when empty falls together like, a purfe. 
Alio a drunken woman. 

Prov. A ¡a borracha pájfas ? This is 
interpreted two ways, ibme making 
the word p.tjlrs a verb, and then it is, 
Do you pafs by the drunkard ? which 
a ivoman that lov'd wine being pafs'd 
by, when they were filling it about, 
is reported to have faid to him that 
ferved. Others will have paffas in 
this place, to be the fubflantive, rai- 
fins, and then it is, Do you ^ive the 
dnuikard railins? To iiguifyjoiifbould. 


not give fuch a one fweet, but rather 
fait things to encourage drinking, 
Borracha'da, vid. Borrachería, 
Borrachea'r, to play the drun- 

Borracheara , dninkenncfs , a 
drunken bout, a drunken aftion. 
Borrache'z, drunkenncft. 
Borrachería , the diforder (X 
confufion caus'd by drunkennefs. 

Borra'cho, drunk, or a drunkard. 

Prov. Al borracho fino no le bújfa 
agua, ni -vino : A downright drunkard 
is not fatisfy'd, or has not enough of 
wine or water, becaufc he always co- 
vets more. 

Prov. Col'rico fangumo, borracho fino .* 
A fanguine cholerick man is a down- 
right drunkard ; as fuppofing that on:- 
ly drunkennefs can put a man into 
fuch difbrders. 

BoRRACHON or Borrachonázo , a 
greai drunkard. 

Borrachue'lo, a little drunkard»» 

Borra'da, a blotting out. 

Borrade'ro, that which may 'j« 
blotted out. 

Borra'do, blotted. 

Borrador, a blotting paper, a 
day book or note book, where things 
are only fet down for the prefcnt to 
be writ out fair; alio a rough draught. 

BorradorcÍllo, a little blotting 
paper or a fmall note book for me- 

Borradura, a blotting. 

Borra'ja, the herbborrage. 

Borra'r, to blot, to blur, to ilrik-e 
out, to blemifh. Arab. 

Borras, dregs or lees of any li- 

Borra'sca, a tempeft, a norm. 
Met. a broil, a fray. 

Borrascoso, teropeftuous. Met;' 

Borrasqu'LLA , a little florm ot 
tempeft ; a fmall fcuffle ; a little tur- 
bulent fellow. 

Borra'x or Borráz, borrace, us'd 
for fjulder by goldfmiths. 

Borra'x.i, vid. Borraja. 

Eorra'za, vid. Borra-x^ 

Borre'ga, an ewe lamb. 

Eorre'go, a Lamb. Met. agood- 
natur'd, quiet fat child. 

Borre'nas, the high parts-,of-a; 
faddle before and behind. 

Borrica, a ihe afs. 

Borri^a'zo, a great afsi 

Borrico, an afi. 

Borricón, a great afs, a great 

BoRRiq,ur'N, the Indian name of- 
chc iiland oí ímrío R.ico ia Amenca,- 



Bop.nlcivt'TE n!a, the top gallant 

EoRRicivii-to, alittkafs. 

Bohro, a wild lamb. 

KoKRON, a b'iot. Arab. 

Boiuijo, vid. Btm'ic. 

hov.7tc,vi, a biiskm, 

BoRztGUiNCRiA, a buskin-makcr'i 

BoRiEGViNt'RO, a buskin- maker. 


Bosa'r, to be brim full, or till the 
liij'jor Ibuds above the brim ; alio to 
run over. 

Bosca'gt, a thick place, a wooJy 
place ; a landskip in painting. 

Boscaja'do, Ihadow'd in painting 
or drawing. 

Bosla'bo, \u\. Bordado. 

Boslado'r, Bojliuiiira, hoJlAr, vid. 
Btn-dador, bí/rdadúr.r, bordar. 

Bosciui;, a wood, a forcft. GocJiick, 

BosQ.urjA'DO, drawn rough, or 
only icratch'd. 

BosQutJA'Rj to make a rough 
draught, to lay the firft colours on a 
pidurc, which being confus'd do not 
well iliow the deiign. 

BosQUt'io, a rough draught, a pi- 
cure that has only the firft colours. 

Bosq,'je'ro, a woodman. 

BosQ.UE2ii.LO, a little wood. 

Bossa'da, Eojpidwa or Bojfadiira, 

Bossa'l de cawUo, an ornament for 
a horfe's head, of lilver, with bells, 
and a point in the forehead. 

Bossa'r, to run over, to vomit. 

Bosteza'r, to gape, to yawn. Lat. 

Boste'zo, a gaping or yawning. 
B O 1' 

Bota, a boot ; alfo a leather bottle. 
In. fome parts oF Spain, a butt. 

%OT \ cuchar, vid. Cuchara, 

Bota'cio, that part of a column or 
other ftone that is cut wreath'd like a 

Botador, a punch, an iron to 
drive nails that cannot be drawn with- 
out pincers ; alfo as loiado'r. 

Botafuego, an incendiary, a Boii- 
fefeu ; alfo a linilock us'd by gunners 
fo fire cannon. 

Botame'nte, bluntly, dully. 

Bota'na, a round plug of wood to 
Aop a leather bottle ; alfo a patch upon 
a leather bottle; and thence a plailer 
upon a fore. 

Bota'r, vid. rotar. 

Bota'r, to dull the edge or the iin- 
derilanding, to «bound as a ball does; 

B T 

to cail or throw out ; to launch a fliip. 

Bota'rga, a fort of faucidgc ; alfo 
a boot or buskin, or a leather bag or 

Botasl'la, is the firft found of the 
trumpet to faddle the horfcs, and "a 
hole the boys make in the grouud to 
play at chuck, or the like. 

Bote, in lome parts is taken for any 
conuiion boat, but more properly the 
ioDg-boat of a ihip. 

Bote, a gally-pot, fuch as apothe- 
caries ule. Alfo the end or extremity. 

Bote de latifa, a thnift of a lance. 

Bote de pelota, the rebound of a ball. 

Tr de bote, to go the ready way. 

hftar Uhio de 'bote en bote, to be as 
full as a thing can hold. 

BoTE^ico, a little gally-pot. 

B0TEQ.U1N, a little boat. 

Bote'ro, a leathcr-bottle-maker. 

BoTEZiLLO, a little gally-pot. 

Botieole'Oj the taking a ball as 
foon as it has toiich'd the ground, at 
half its rebound, and fending it back 
to the adverfary. 

Botica, an apothecary's fliop, fome- 
timcs taken for any other iliop. 

Botica'rio, an apothecary. From 
bote, a galipot. In cant, a pedlar. 

Botija, an earthen vellel with a 
great belly. Met. a great unwcildy 

Botijón, a great vcflel with a 
lart^e belly. Met. a punch belly. 

Botijue'la, a fmall bclly'd vcflel. 

Botílla, a little boot or a little 
leather bottle. 

Botille'r, a butler. 

Botillería, a buttery. 

Botille'ro, a butler. 

Botín, a buskin. Alfo a booty 
taken in war. 

Prov. El botín de la galana en invi- 
erno 710 '■jale nada : The fine woman's 
buskin in winter is worth nothing ; 
bccaufe formerly in Spain the women 
wore red or blue buskins, of very fine 
leather, which were not fit for the 

Botine'ro, a buskin maker. 

B0TINÍLL0, a little iliort buskin. 

Boto, blunt or dull. Alfo as W/o. 

BoTON, a button, a bud of a tree, 
a bile. 

Botón de fuego, a fearing iron. 

Botón de buha, a pocky fore. 

Botona'r, to bud as trees do; alio 
to cauterize. 

B0TONCÍLL0, a little button; ora 
finall bud of a tree. 

Botone'ro, a button-maker or fel- 

B0TÓR, ObC An iropoilume. 


B o V 

Bova'da, a foolery, afbolifli anion, 
or faying. 

BovAjE, a tax laid upon every 
yoke of oxen. So call'd hotabos, aa 

Bovame'nte, fooliflily, 

BovARRON, a great fool. 

Bouce'la, a town in Portugal, 
three leagues from Vifeo, between the 
rivers Bouga and Cela, from which it 
takes name, It has not above 100 
houfes and one parifh, but is famous 
for certain batKs, which are faid ta 
have wrought great cures. 

Bova'tico, a duty upon every 
yoke of oxen, formerly paid to the 
king in" Catalonia. From bos, an ox. 

Bovea'r, to play the fool. 

Bóveda, a vault. A volvendo, be- 
caufe it is arch'd. 

Bóveda de jardín, a walk in a gar- 
den that has the trees or greens bow'4 
over it like an arch. An arbour. 

Hablar de, to talk big. 

Boveda'do, vaulted. 

Boveda'r, to vault. 

Bovedilla, a little vault. 

Bovería, fooliflincfs, a foolifli fay-i 
ing or aftion. 

BovJTO, a little fool. 

Bovo, a fool. Alfo a fiih fo eaU 

Bout, a moonfifli. Minfi. 

Box, box, or the box-tree; alio a 
compafs taken about. 

Box de capate'ro, a fmall tool made of 
box, flioemakers ufe to fmooth their 
feams with. 

Tener tantas leguas de box, to be ib 
many leagues in compaG. 

Boxa'r tuntas leguas, idem. 

Boxeda'l, a grove of box-trees. 

Boxiga'nga, vid. Moxiganga. 

Boxo, compaís, circumference. 

Boy A, a busy, which is a piece of 
wood or barrel made fail to the flook 
of an anchor by the buoy-Tope, and 
floating right over it, ferving both to 
fhow where the anchor is, and to 
weigh the anchor with the boat. 

Boya, in fome places they give 
this name to the hangman. 

Bue'na boya, is one that is no 
flave, but rows voluntarily in the gal- 
ley for pay. 

Boya'da, a herd of oxen. 

Boya'nte, a ihip that is light la- 
den and fails fwift. 

Boya'r, to low, like an ox. 

Boyca'r, to lift up ones voice, to 
cry out. Mipji. 



Boye'ro or Boytrizo, a neatherd. 

Boyezue'lo, a little ox. Alfo a 
ftalking ox to kill partridges. 

BoYjA, the cork of a filhing-net. 

Boyuda, in cant, a pack of cards. 

Boyuno, belonging to oxen». 
B O 2 

Bo2, vid. roz. 

BozA, vid. Bofa. 

Bo2a'l, vid. Bofál, 

Bozeador, a bawling fellow. 

Bozea'r, to cry out, vid. Pizeár. 

Boze'l, a fillet or edge of none 
about a building. 

BozEti'LLO, a little fillet or edge 

BoZELÓN, a great fillet, or edge of 

BozERÍA, bawling, vid. rozen'a. 

Boze'ro, vid. Boféro. 

BozÍNA, vid. Bo fina, 

Bozine'ro, vid. Bocinero. 

Bozinglea'r, to bawl, to hoop and 
hollow, to cry out. 

EoziNGLERiA, bawling, noifinefs, 

BozingLe'ro, a bawling fellow. 

Bozios, a horn fliell-fifli. Min(h. 

Bozo, vid. Boco. 

B'r A 

BraBa'da orBrabata, vid. Bra'vaia. 

Braba'nte, the province of Bra- 
iant in the Low Countries. 

Brabea'r, vid. Bravear. 

Brabe'za, vid. Braveza, 

Bra'bo, vid. Bravo. 

Braeúra, vid. Bravura. 

Bra'i^a, a fathom. In fca-terms the 
brace ; there are two to each yard, 
one to each arm ; the ufe of it to 
fquare and traverfe the yards. 

Braca'da, a fathom, as far as a 
man canreach, or as he can clafp in 
his arms. 

Bra^a'do, fathora'J ; alfo brac'd, 
as the yards in a ihip. 

Bra^a'i, the armour for the arms ; 
alfo a fort of fliort fleeves women for- 
merly wore. 

Bra<;ale'tes, bracelets. 

BRA¿feA'jE, labour, or exercife of 
the arms. 

Bracea'je. In cant, is an allow- 
ance made to a cheat that plays and 
wins money, above the other fharpers 
that are to ihare the prize with him, 
for his pains and induflry in playing 
and cheating. 

Bracea'r, to exercife the arms, 
Brace'ro, one that has a ftrong 
arm at caning a dart. A gentleman 
uiher that leads a lady by the arm, as 
the enflora was in Sfai». A day-la- 
bourer for any labour that 
krength of arms. 


BracíOj Bract'Uo or tracito, a little 

Bra'co, a fmall lort of ictting dog ; 
alfo a dog that has a ihort turn up nofc. 

Bra'^o, an arm. 

Brafo de antena, the yard arm of a 

Bráfo de cruz, the arm of a crols. 

Brafo de mar, an arm of the fea. 

Brúfo ecckftajlico, the clergy. 

Braco feglúr, the laity. 

Braco militar, the foldery, but more 
properly the body of the orders of 
knighthood, Thefe three terms pro- 
perly us'd when the clergy, laity, and 
[orders are aflembled in the cortes. 

Entregar al braco feglúr, to deliver a 
man over to the laity, becaufe when 
the clergy have found a man guilty of 
any offence againft religion, which de- 
ferves death, they deliver him over to 
the laity to receive his fentence. It is 
alfo turning over a criminal to the lai- 
ty upon his contempt of obeying the 

Invocar auxilio del bráfo feglár, to 
appeal to the judges and laity for re- 

Luchar a bráfo partido, to contend 
upon equal terms. 

Recibir a tino a bracos abiertos, to 
receive a man with open arms, that is, 

Acabar un negocio afulrca de bracos, 

to compafs a bulineis by dint of labour. 

Llevar en brUcos, to carry in ones 


Bramóles, vid. Bracáles. 

Bracoee'te, idem. 

Bracojioros, a people in the king- 
dom oí Peru in South America. 

Bra'^os, arms. 

Bracos de cangrejo, the claws of a 

Bráfos de las cortes, the eftatcs in 
the cortes or parliament, as in BtigLind, 
the lords fpiritual, the lords temporal, 
and the commons. But in the cortes of 
che kingdom oí Aragón, they have 
quátro hrafos , that is , four eftates, 
which are the clergy or lords fpiritual ; 
the nobility or lords temporal ; the 
knights and gentlemen, and the com- 
mons, which are the reprefentatives of 


fuch towns as have a right to fend 
their deputies, Catalonia and Valencia 
in their cortes have but three hrapos 
or eftatesj the eccleiiaftick or lords Spi- 
ritual ; the military , confining of 
lords, knights and gentlemen ; and 
the royal, which are the reprefenta- 
tives of towns ; lb call'd becaufe only 
the royal towns, and not thofe that 
belong to noblemen can fend them. 


Bra'ga, vid. Bragas. 
Bra'ga, a city in the north oí Per- 
tugal, betwixt the rivers Cavado and 
Dejle, feated in a plentiful country, 
wall'd, inhabited by 3000 fouls, un- 
der five parilheSj has three monalleries 
of friars, and three of nuns, a houfe of 
Mifericordia, an hofpital and a college. 
It- is an archbiflioprick worth 40000 
ducats a year to its prelate, who is 
metropolitan of all Portugal. It was 
antiently call'd Braceara Aiigujla. 

Braga'das, the veins in an horfe's 

Braga'do, one that has breeches - 

Bue'y bragado, an ox that has his 

cgs of a diftcrcnt colour from his body. 

BragapÚra, the twill of a man, 

or other creature, that part from 

whence he begins to be forked. 

Braga'nza, a city in Portugal, on 
the banks of the river Fervenca, wall'd, 
has an old cafllc, 600 houfes, two pa- 
riih churches, two monalleries of fri- 
ars, two of nuns, a college, a houfe of: 
Mifericordia, and an hofpital. 

Bra'gas, breeches, properly a fort 
of fliort breeches. 

Prov. ^e tienen que ver ¡as bragas 
con el alcavaljt de las habas ? What is 
the tax on the beans to the breeches. 
A man finding a pair of breeches in 
his houfe which were left behind for 
hafte by his wife's gallant, ask'd how 
they came there, and fhe anfwer'd, 
fome men came to gather the tax upon 
the beans. The anfwer being imper- 
tinent, they came to hiijh words, but 
the woman ftood to her faying. This is 
apply 'd to any one that being ask'd a 
queiiion, anfwers nothing to the pur- 

Prov. ^ncn no efl'i enfeñádo a bra- 
gas los conjiúras le hazen llagas : When 
a man is not us'd to breeches the feams 
gaul him ; that is, any thing a man is 
not us'd to is uneafy. It is generally 
apply'd to thofe who being finer 
than they 115'd to be, feem Itiff and 

Prov. En la braga yaz quién hará la 
paz ■• That lies in the breeches which 
will make peace. 

Brague'ra or Braguero, a truis for 
a broken belly. The codpiece, 
Brague'ta, the codpiece. 
Brague'ton, a great codpiece. 
Brahon, a fort of roll, or feveral 
folds of cloth, or other ftuff worn on 
the flioulders, belonging to a fort of 
coat us'd in Spaiii, which had not • 
fleeves to put the arms inte, but hang- 
ing fleeves, and thefe rolls at the ihoul- - 



ñcrs. Some have call'd them brafo- 

Brahone'ras, the holes, thro' 
which they put their aims with the 
brahorii, or the braióties thcmfelves, 
Jtfcrib'J above. 

Bra'ma, the bellowing of a flag at 
rutting time. Any roaring. 

Bramador, a roarer. 
BRAsiA'NTt, packthi-ead, rightly 
br^Lilnte, beciufe great quantities of it 
are carry 'd from that province to Spain.'r, to roar like a lion, or 
other wild bealh From the Greek tra- 
meomai, to be angry. 

Bramido, a bellow or roar. 

Bra'mo, in cant, an information, 
a difcovery. 

Bramón, in cant, a difcovcrer, an 

Bramóna, isfiltar ¡a branióna, to 
Jet the clack run, to roar, to make a 
noiie, to fcold. 

Bra'kca, a claw, paw, or foot of a 
wild bealK Alfo a chain us'd in gal- 
leys and priibns to fetter flaves or pri- 

Bra'nca ursina, the herb bears- 

Brakca'da, a drag net. 

BRA'NDOor BravgenttI, a ibrt of 

Bra'nqub, the ftem of a fliip, the 
utmoft part of the head. 

Bra'sa, a burning coal. 

Prov. Brafa trae en el fino la que 
cria hijo agino : She carries a burning 
coal in her bofom who breeds another's 
child ; that is, ihe that has a child got 
,in adultery, which is not her hus- 

Prov. Sof lando bráfa fe faca llama, 
y enojos de mala falitbra ; Blowing a 
burning coal makes a flame, and an ill 
word blows up anger. 

Brasa'r cerveza, to brew beer or 

Brasl ro de cerwza, a brewer. 

Brasirico or Bmferillo, a little pan 
.to keep fire in, fuch as the women 
uic in Spain 

Braíl'ro, a fiic-pan, fuch as they 
.life in Spain to make fire, iiiflead of a 
chimney ; they arc of earth, copper, 
or filver. Alio a brewer. And the 
place where the Jews and Hcreticks 
are burnt. 

BRA2I1., a vaft province in South 
America, reaching from about the fe- 
tond degree of Ibuth latitude to the 
loth, and belonging to the crown of 
1 oritigal, that is all along the fea coaft, 
icr they have not extended far into the 
pAs^iiá, where the Indians arc ftill un- 

B R E 

conquer'd. It is divided into four- 
tan capitanías , as they call them , 
which arc ib many fmall governments, 
call'd by thefe names, hlaranhao. Ciara, 
Rio Grande, Parayba, Tamar^ca, Per- 
namÍHio, Seregipe, Bahia de todos os 
Santos, Ilheos, Spirito fanto, Porto Se- 
guro, Rio de yaneyro, and S. T'incente. 

Brasil palo, brazil wood, fuffici- 
ently known. The tree is tall, and 
fo thick that three men can fcarce fa- 
thom it. The bark of a dark brown, 
and all prickly. It is us'd in dying, 
and in phyfick, Ray, Uifi. Plant, Verb. 
BraftUa arbor. The Indians call it ihira 
pitanga, Acojla "ives no account of it. 

Brava'da, vid. Braviua, 

Bravamü'nte, bravely. 

Brava'nt£, vid. Brabante. 

Brava'ta, a rodamontade, vain 

Bravxa'r, to brave, to boaft, to 
talk big. 

Brave'ra, a vent-hole or imall 
window to a cellar. 

Braví'za, fierceneC, wildneis , 

Bravio, a prize, the reward for 
which men run, wreftle, or the like. 
Lat. bravium. 

Bra'vo, fierce, wild, head-ftrong, 
pervcrfe, high - fpirited ; alfo fine , 
brave. Alfo a hedor, a bully, a ruf- 
fian. Ironically, foolifti. 

Bravone'l, a bully or ruffian. 

Bravoso, a huffing fellow. Bra- 
vdfo, in cant, a bully. 

Bravura, vid. Braveza. 

Bra'za, vid. Bráfa. 

Braza'da, vid. Brafáda. 

Braza'les, vid. Bra(áles. 

Brazea'r, vid. Brafeár. 

Brazillo Brazico or Braüito, vid. 
Erafico, brazil/o or brapito. 

Bra'zo, vid. Bráfa. 

BraZOLj vid. Brafó. 
B R E 

Bre'a, tar. 

Brea'do, tarred. 

Brea'r, to tar. 

Bre'ba, an early fig, which is ripe 
the firlt fealbn, for they come twice a 
year in Spain. So call'd ^uajl breve, 
bccauie they laft a fliort time. 

Breea'xe or Brebaxo, a drench for 
a beaft ; thence apply'd to any fcurvy 
mixture or drench. 

Bre'ca, vid. Amaranto, 

Bre'chAj a breach, the ruin of any 
part of works beaten down with can- 
non, or blown up by mine, or the like. 
In cant, a die to play with. 

Brechador, in cantj a third man 
at play. 

B R E 

Brechando, in cant, cheated at 

Breche'ro, in cant, one that cheats 
with falfe dice. 

Breco, bruih- wood. Alio furze, 
heath ur gorfe. 

Bre'do, vid. Bledo, 

Bre'ga, a fray, ilrifc, contention, 
wrangling. From the Goth, briga^ 
an aflcmbly of people. 

Brega r, to quarrel or contend. 

Brega'k. el arco, to iliooc with a 

Bregiga'n, the ihcll-filh call'd a 
limpet. Mmfo, 

Bregue'ro, a wrangler, a quarrel- 
fbme fellow. 

Bre'kca, the herb maiden-hair. 

Bre'neSj a town in the province 
o( Andaluzia in Spaiji, three leagues 
from Sevil, up the river Guadalquivir, 
inhabited by jco families, with one 
pariili church and two chapels, its ter- 
ritory a rich plain. It belongs to the 
earl oí Cannllana. 

B R e' Ñ a, a place full of flirubs, 
thorns or bullies, or a crag of a moun- 

Bre'ñal, a craggy or a buihy, or 
thorny place. 

BreííÓso, thorny or craggy, or 
full of briars and brambles. 

Breta'íía, the ifland of Britain, 
divided into England, Scotland, and 
iVales. Bretaña is alio the province of 
Britany in France, incompals'd ev£ry 
way with the fea, except on the eaft, 
where it is join'd to France, and bor- 
ders on the provinces of Normandy, 
Maine, Anjoii and ToiBou. It is alfo a 
fort of fine linen made in Britany. 

Bre'te, Obf. a pair of flocks or fet- 
ters to lock up the feet. Alfo a bolt, 
and a fort of rack us'd in Spain. 

Bre'te del trigo, the beard of corn. 

Breton, a young fprout of any 
thing. Alfo a native of Britany, 

Bre'va, vid. Briba. 

Breva'ge, vid. Brebage. 

Breva'l, a fig-tre, or the place 
where they grow. 

Bre've, Ihort. Lat. brevis. 

Bre've apoflolico, the pope's brief, 
becauie compact in a body to diilin- 
guifli it from the bull, which has the 
feals flanging down, whence it takes 

Breveda'd, brevity. 

Breveme'nte, briefly, ihortly. 

Breve si TO, fliort, brief. 

Breve'te, a little bill or note, or 

Erevia'rio, an abridgment. Alio 
a bi'cviary of prayers, 


B R I 

Bre'í.na, a chip ; alfo a latli. 
Bre zo, vid. Brc¡:o. 

B R I 

Brtague'z, vid. Emlriaguéx.. 

Bria'i, a fort of garment, former- 
ly worn ill Spain, by queens, and 
oreat ladies, reaching from the neck 
down to the ground, and clofe before. 

Briba'r, Bn'bia, bribón, vid. Bri- 
vár, brívia, byivón. 

BrÍco, a bank or flioal. 

Brida, a bridle. French. 

Andar a !a brida, to ride long in the 
ñirrups, contrary to cavalgar a ¡a giné- 
ta, to ride flaort. 

Correr a toda brida, to ride Aill 

Bridón, one that rides long in the 

Brie'nto, forcible, violent. Obf. 

Briga, the old Spanifli word, before 
the coming of the Romans, for a town , 
as appears by many antient names of 
places- ending in it, Sii ynli'obriga, Fia- 
tiiobrjga, &c. 

Briga'da, a brigade of horfe. 

Brigade'ro, a brigadier of an ar- 
my. Gazeta de Madrid. 

Brígida, Bright, the proper name 
of a woman. 

Brilla'nte, brillant, glittering. 

Brula'r, to glitter, to Ihine. 

BRl-HfE'GA, a town in dftJe, four 
leagues from Guadalaxara, on a rocky 
afcent, wall'd, with a ftrong caflle, 
cnclos'd by the river Tajuna, which 
fertilizes its territory,, inhabited by 
liOo families, divided into five iiariih- 
es, with one mcnaftery of friars, and 
two of nuns, 

Brimbilla'da, vid. Mermelada. 

Brimbon, vid. Brivio'n. • 

Brinca'do, dandled or tofs'd as 
nurfcs do children. Leap'd or skip'd. 

Brincador , one that is always 
leaping and skipping. 

Brinca'r ; Prxf. To brinco ; Prxf. 
■BWwap, to leap, to skip, to dandle a 
child. ■=* 

Erinco, a leap, a skip. Alio a lit- 
tle ibrt of jewels ladies in Spain us"d to 
wear hanging loofe, lb cah'd, becaufe 
hanging they are continually moving. 
Alfo a play-thing for a child. Any 
pretty bawble. 

Brinco';, toys, gay things. 

Brinda'do, drank to. 

Brinda'r, to drink to. 

Brindis, a health in drinking. 

Brinde 'lis de chrpines, the bands 
or llrap? that hold on tiie chapines. 

Brinuones, a fort of fruit at Goa 
in India, reddilh without, and as red 

B R I 

as blocJd within, and very {liarp of 
tail. Dyers make ufe of it, and vine- 
gar is made of the bark. R/i). p. 1851. 

Brinque', vid. Brincar. 

Briquillo or Brinqui'to, a little ler.p 
or skip. Alio a little toy. 

Brio, bravery, valour, mettle, live- 

Hombre de brio, a man of mettle. 

Brioles, the bunt-lines, a fmall 
line made faft to the bottom of the fail 
in a ihip, in the middle part of the 
bolt-rcpe, the ufe of it to trifeor draw 
up the fail to the yard. 

Brion, an iiland in new France. 

Briones, a town in the territory 
of Rioja, of old Cajlile in Spain, on a 
hill, near the river Ehro, wall'd, with a 
caltlc, and a plentiful country about 
it. Inhabited by 400 families. 

Brionia, the herb briony. 

Brioso, brave, mettleibme, lively. 

CaiaUo brtofo, a mettlefome horie. 

Brisa, the trade wind which car- 
ries ihips to the Wejl Indies, blowing 
always the fame 'V.'ay between the 
u ell ward illands and America, and in 
molt parts of the Torrid Zone. It is con- 
tinually eaiierly, varying only fome 
Ciiall matter towards north or fouth. 
F. yi/. Acojia, N,H. H/Ji. mji. Ind. ii6. 
Bu: it mult be obfervcd that brifa is 
alio taken for that we call a brieze, 
which is a wind that daily, in all fea- 
ibnablc weather, blows from the fea. 

Britia'nde, a town in Portugal, a 
league from Lamego, of about 100 
houics, under one parilll. 

Britioga, a fmall ifland on the 
coait of Brajil. 

Brito, the furname of a noble fa- 
mily in Portugal, their chief the count 
de ¡OS Arcos, and vifcount Villa Kova de 
Cerveira, who takes alio the name of 
Luna with that of br:'to. 

Brha'r, to beg, to goa mumping. 

BrÍvia, the canting tale of a beg 
gar to move compafllon, begging. 

Brivia'tica, the art or knack of 

Brivie'sca, a town in the king- 
dom of the Old Cajiile in Spain, eight 
Ic.igues from Burgos, wall'd and inha- 
bited by 400 families, with one pa- 
rifli church , and one monaflery, of 
nuns, the foil fruitful. 

BeiVion, 'Bribón or hr'i von, a ftrow- 
ler, a fellow that will not work, but 
goes about begging. 

Brivoneria, beggery, the trick of 
a beggar. 

Briza, vid. Bn'f.i. 

Brizar, Obf. to rock a cradle. 

Brizna, oíBriznilk, a chip, a fplin- 

B R O 

ter, the roughneG on boards tliat are 
not plan'd. 

Brizo, Obf. a cradle. From the 
French bcrceaii. 

B R O - 

Broca, a button of any Ibrt ; alio 
a fort of bobbin us'd by embroiderers 
to roll their lilk -on ; and a llioe-ma- 
ker's tack- nail. 

Bro^a, any iiiiall ñufi'of no value, 
iiiiall chips, the bits of Hone that fly 
when they are hewing it, the dull thar 
falls from worm-eaten wood. There- 
fore fuppos'd to be dcriv'd from bru- 
chtis, the worm that dcllrojs leaves and 

Servir de toda bro'fa, to do all foits 
of work. 

Brocade'te, vid. Brocatel. 

Broca'do, cloth of gold or (ilvcr. ' 

Broca'l depdfo, a cover for a well, 
or the b.nnk or mouth of a well. 

Broca! de f afeo, the mouth of a bot- 

Bro^a'te, curds. Refranes tls 
Malara, p. 305. 

Broca te'e, a flight poor cloth cf 
gold, or a (tuft to refemble it. 

Brocha, a clafp ; alio a loop on a 

Brocha'do, clafp'd. 

Broche, a clafp. 

Broche'ro, a clafp - maker, and 
the furname of a family in Spain. 

Brochón, a great clafp ; alio a 
painters great bruih or pencil. 

Brodio, pottage; fuch as they give 
to beggars with the broken bread ami 
fcraps of the table. Thence taken for 
any odd flop or confus'd mixture. 

BrodÍsta, a poor fcholar, who at 
noon repairs to the monailerics to diiic 
upon pottage, 

Brolla'r, to embroil. 

Broma, a worm that eats holes iu 
fhips ; alio a heavy lumpilli thing of 
no value ; the coarie mortar thrown 
in to fill up in building ; alfo fio:h 
of ibap-fuds, or the IfKC. 

Save bromada, a lliip that is eatcii 
by the worm. 

Bronca'r, to pl}^ to bend, to 

Broncha, a branch of a tree ; aTo 
a ibrt of lilvcr clafp ill fhap'd, W-rn 
by country- people for ornami.nt. 

Bronco, co'arfc, rough, unpolifi.'d, 

Bronza'do, painted of a braf, co- 

BroNza'r, to paint of a brafs co- 

Bronze, brais. 

Broq,ue'l5 a round target. 

Q. 'Pro\-. 

B R U 

Prov. TV'A ei </.ir en los Lrotjueles : It 
is all but clattering the targets. \Vc 
fay, it is beating the bulli. To talk 
much and little to the purpofc ; like 
nicn that cjuarrtl and make a noife on 
«heir targets, but none hurt. 

Salir tie broquel a aida repiquete, to 
come out with a target at every trifle, 
to be quarrelibmc. 

BHo^iU^.LA'^o, arm'd with a target. 

BitoiiULLJt'jo, a little target. 

BRoq.uLLE'RO, a target-maker ; al- 
fb a quarrtlibme fellow, that carries a 
target to take advantages. 

Broqucle'te, a little target. 

Brosla DO, embroidcr'd. 

Broslador, an umbroidercr. Co- 
wirrtihias fays it is a vulgar corruption 
of bordador, 

BrosladÚra, embroidery. 

Br,osla'r, to embroider. 

Brota'do, budded, or ihot out in 

Brota'nte, a prop, a ihoar to fup- 
port a houfc, or the like. 

Brota'r, to bud, to ihoot out in 

BRjOtes, fmalJ iprouts of cabbages. 

Brotón, a ihoot, a fprout. 

Brózko, rough, rugged, harlh. 
B R U 

Bruges, vid. Bnizos. 

Bruche'te, a fort of fmall ihell-fifh. 

Brue'ta, a wheel-barrow. French 
Byaitette, , 

Br'.igo, 3 worm that gnaws trees. 

Bruja, a witch, a hag. 

Brujo, a wizard, a forccrer. 

Brújula!, vid. Br''^'-'". 

Brulote, a fire-fliip. Gazeta de 

Bruma, raw, cold winter weather, 
a hoary fiofl, a thick fog, a cold rind ; 
alfo a bruife. 

Bruma'do, bruis'd, fqueez'd, or 
flatted togc:her. 

Bruma'r, to bruife, to fqueeze, to 
flat together. 

Brume'te, vid. Grumete. 
Erune'te, a coarfc fort of cloth of 
3 dirty bl.ick. 

Brune'to, a dark colour, almoft 

Bruñido, burnifhed. 
Bruñidor, a biirnifher. 
Bruñidura, bumiíhing. 
Bruííír, to burniíh. 
Bruno, brown. 
Brunos, a ilrt of wild plums. 
Brusca yciba, a plant call'd knce- 
liplly, or butchers broom. ' See Rav, 
p. 66^.. . 

Bruscadórj one thac. ufes or fills 

B U C 

Brusca'r ; Prif. To Bnl/co, PrKt. 
Briifqiié ; to heat the ílúp's fide with 
burning reeds in order to careen. 

Bruícaml'nte, fiercely, roughly, 

Brusco is that which is loft, as in- 
conlidcrable, or not worth looking 
after, as the loofe grapes that drop at 
the vintage, or looie corn at harvell, 
or the like. 

No ay briifco, there is not a corn, 
not a grain, there is not the lealt 

Bn'if.o is alio fierce, rough, harlh. 

Bruse'la, the periwinkle. 

Bruse'las, the city Brujfeh in the 
Low Countries. 

Brusque, vid. Bntfcár. 

Bruta'l, brutiíli, beaftly. 

Brutalida'd, brutiflinefs, beaft- 

Brutalme'n.te, brutally, bcaftlily. 

Brute'scos, grotefqueS; odd fort 
of landskips. The word coriupt,inftead 
of Grntefcos, reprefenting grots and 

Bruto, a brute beaft, or a brutilh 
man ; alfo rough, coarie, unpoliflied. 

BruxA, Briixo; via. Briija, Brtijo. 

Bruxea'r, to play the witch or 

BrÚxula, the mark on a crofs-bow, 
or on the barrel of a gun, to take aim 
by i alfo the fea-conipafs, or a fmall 
box to carry it in. 

Mirar por brúxula, to take aim, to 
peep through a hole or cranny ; to ob- 
ftrve a thing by one part of it. 

Bruxulea'r, idem 

Brúios ; as, De bnizos, with the 
mouth downward. 

Caer de hriizos, to fall upon one's 

Beber de brazos, to drink lying along 
with one's mouth dc^wnwards. 
B U A 

Bua'ro, or Biiárro, an owl. ObH 

Búas, vid. Bubas. 


Bubas, the French pox. 

Buboso, one that has the French 

BUG'ro, a fort of red cup made in 
Perineal and fomc ^avu oí Spain, much 
ufed to drink water out of. They are 
not very hard, and th'creforc* young 
women often eat them, as in England 
they do charcoal and other filt'n, which 
; caufes obilructions, and often proves 
' very dangerous. 

I Bucentoro, a fine fhip at Venice 
I that carries-ihedoge out when he goes 
i tQ jnarry the Miatick. . 

B U E 

I Buce'phalo, BucephaJt/s, Alexander 
\ the Great's horfe. 

Buces, vid. Brúzos. 

BUCHE, the maw or craw of any 

Buche'te, a cheek pufTd up with 
wind, or a pop with the mouth. 

Buchorno, fultry hot, lUfling wea- 
ther ; fo call'd, quajl boca de horno, 
the mouth of an oven. 

Buco, any hollow thing, as a boatj 
or the like. 

Bucólica, belly-timber, 

Bude'i, our failors call it a fid, or 
fidder, being a wooden pin tapering to 
one end to open the ftronds of cables 
to fplice them together. This for ca- 
bles, for the iron fids ufed to iplice 
ropes are called pajfaddres, 

Budia'n, vid. Bodian. 
B U E 

Bue'lco, a tumbling or overturn- 

Buélco de dado, the running of a dye. 

Prov. Mas vals bucko de ¿Ua, que 
abráfo de niofa: The overturning of a 
po: is better than a hug of a wench. 
That is, a good diih of meat, fignified 
by the turning the pot out into a diihj 
is better than a hug. 

Bue'lco, Bclqué, vii. Bolear. 

Bue'lo, Biiile, vid. Balar. 

Bue'lo, a flight ; alio the compaG 
of any thing. In architecture it is all 
that juts out beyond the Iblid part or 
body of che flruftui'e. 

Llevar en bué'o, to take a thing as 
it flies. 

Bol que', \'ii. Bolear. 

Bul'lta, a return, turning about, 
or away ; a bout. 

Sfiar de buelt.t, to Come back. 

Dar lina buélta en el tyre, to turn 
round vithout touching the ground. 

Dar -i/ia buélta de apótes, to give 
one a whipping. 

Media buélta a la derecha, the word 
oi command, to the right, ^i 

Ir la hu:Ha de tal parte, to go to- 
wards fuch a place. 

Bueltas de trepador, tumbling. 

Dar bnéltas, to turn round. 

Bue'ltas, ruffles, fuch as men oí - 
women wear. 

Bueltezue'la, a little turn, or a - 
little, bout. 

Bue'lto, turn'd ;. alfo reftored and 

Uuého al réveZi turn'd the wrong 

Bue'lto e:¡ color, bluihing, or turn'd 

Cojor bmho, a decay'd, faded colour., 
2,_ ritw ¿ 

B U E 

vim bué'ito, wine tmn'd eager. 

BuE LTOs, a gan.e at car>.is refem- 
bliiii^ hazaiMj foiDid in Sfa.ti. 

BuE LVA, Bueho ; vul. SJwV. 

Bu£ NA liOGX-iA, 01- rathtr voglta, 
one chat is hirea lo row in a galley ; 
fo called, bccauft Kt rows of his own 
good will, and IS not compelled ai the 
iiaves, who aic therefore called prca- 

BuENAME'NTLjWellor eafily^wiih- 

Diit ditficulty. 

Buenaventura, Bcna^rnture, the 
proper name of a man ; ;;; - a port m 
the South Sea, in the piov ir.ce of Po- 
payan m South America ; and a town 
in the illand H-Jpaniola, c leagues from 
the city Santo Uomhigo. 

Buenavoya, vid. ButnavogUa. 
Bueñói, a cake maae with oil, 
flower, and railins. 

Eue'no, good. LiX. bonus. 
Ser bueno, to be good. 
Bjlar bueno, to be well, or in health. 
jDe dónde bueno, whence came you ? 
Buha cuchiUada, a great cut of a 

Buena calentura, a violent fever. 
Bum veUaco, a great knave. 
Buen hombre, properly a good man ; 
ironically a cuckold. 

Buhia niugcr, properly a good wo- 
man ; ironically a whore. 

Prov. 'Effa es buena y honrada, que 
tjlá mu rta y fejultada : She is a gO- a 
and an honelt woman that is dtad and 
buried. Becaufe if flie has continued 
good till death, ñie is above all re- 
proach, as alio becauie envy ceafeth 
after death. We fay, it is becaufe then 
the husband is rid of her. 

Buendía, a town and earldom in 
Spain, in the noble family of Acuña. 

Bue'nos A'yres, or Nuéjlra Señora 
de Buenos Jlíyres, a town in the pro- 
vince oí Rio de ¡a Plata in South Ame- 
rica, on the fouth bank of the river of 
Plate, 60 leagues from the mouth of it, 
in 34 degJees and 40 minutes of fouth 

Bue'tagos, the lungs. 
Darle a lino con un buétago de vaca 
per la cara, to llrike a man acrofs the 
face with a cow's lights. That is, 
to affront a man in the coarfeft man- 

Bue'y, an ox. Lat. bos. 
Ir al pájf) del buey, to proceed with 

Prov. Bue'y fuilto bien fe lame : An 
ox, when he is loofe, licks himfelf at 
pleafure. To iignify the benefit of li- 
berty. He that does not ferve another 
¡nay do what he will. It is much us'd 


by batchelors againll matrimony, which 
is callcú a yoM.-. 

Prov. Habló el buJy, y di'xo nut : The 

ox ipoke, and liiid mu. Wnen an ig- 
norant peribn is long lilent, au8 at. 
lalt Ipeaüs what is not to the purpofe. 
As \\ e fay, the man fpokc, and faid 

Prov. Al buey pur el cuerno, y al lóm- 
bre por ¡a palabra : An ox u held by 
the h rn, and a man by his wora. 
This holds better in Spain, where oxen 
arc yok'd by the lioins, and fhows, 
that a man's word ought toubligc him, 
as mucn as a yoke confines an ox. 

Prov. 'EJfo Jera cómo Vt:r un buey vo- 
lar: That is as likely as it is to fee an 
ox fly. To expicG the improbability 
of a thing. 

Prov. No es buey de hurto: It is not 
a ftolen ox. This is anfwer'd, when 
any one aggravates a fault more than 
it deferves, and fignines the fault is 
not io great, but thai it is leis than 
fiealing an ox. 

Prov. L/ '■ lii-y quándo fe canfa, firme 
fíénta la pata : The ox, when he is 
circd, ftts dov/ii his foot fail. That is, 
w hen a man is in years he does things 
with iblidity. 

Prov, ^ile'n bueyes ha perdido cencer- 
ros fe le antojan: fie that has loft oxen 
fancies he hears bells. That is, fuch 
bells as they hang ab. ut the necks of 
cattle. A man is apt to fancy every 
found he hears is that which he ex- 
perts, or has loft. 

Prov. A buey viejo cencerros nuevos : 
An old ox with new bells. That is, 
an old beau. 

Prov. Por los bueyes que fon de mi 
padre, Jl quiera aren, fi quiera no aren : 
As for my father's oxen, whether they 
plough, or plough not ; fubinteUigitur, 
I care not, or it is nothing to me. To 
exprefs how indifferent we are to what 
concerns others, and not our felves, 
the' one's own father. 

Prov. A buey viejo no le cates abrigo : 

°''' , , ■ ., 

Prov. A buey viejo no le cates majada, 

que el fe la cata ; They are both the 
fame, lignifying. Do not look for a 
flielter for an old ox, for he'll find 
one himfelf. That is, old experienced 
peribns know what is good for them, 
and where to find it. 

Prov. A bue'y harón poco le pre'/la el 
aguijón: A lazy ox is little the better 
for the goad. Lazy or dull people are 
little improved or mended by egging 

Prov. Al bue'y dexárle mear, y hartar- 
le de arar : Lee an QX pifs, and give 

B U F 

him his belly fuil of plowing. You 
may woik him hard, if you al.ow hint 
but a pilhng-tiihe. 

Prov, A huelta del fol caga el l.u 'y en 
eltimon: Towaiets luii-let:ing the ox 
ihits on the plow. That is, when he 
is weary of working. 

Piov. Al Uaniúno de qu^t'n le p'.cifa 
viene el buey a la melena : The ox 
comes to the yoke at the call of him 
that feeds him. To fliow that even 
brute beafls obey thofe that maintain 

. Prov. Buey viejo fúlco derecho : An 
old ox makes a llraight ftinow. Old 
experienced perfons carry on things in 
the right way. 

Prov. Buey longo, y rozin redondo : A 
iotv ox, and a truls round horfe, is 

Prov. Con buey aras que no te perderá 
fulco : YoJ plow with an ox that will 
not mifs a furrow. That is, you have 
a foreman you may rely on. 

Prov. O es buey, o tortcliUa, ofarmi- 
éíitcs en gavilla : It is either an ox, or 
a turtle dove, or a bundle of willows. 
This they fay, when a man makes ex- 
travagant guelles at things, or difcour- 
fes nothing to the purpofe , to expreli 
the incoherency of his fancies, by the 
ox, the turtle, and the faggot. 

Prov. ^ién no tiene buey, ni vaca, 
toda la noche ara, y a la maíiána, na 
tujie nada : He that has neither ox nor 
cow, plows all night, and has nothing 
in the morning. That is, poor people, 
for fuch are meant by thofe who have 
no cattle, labour all their life-time, 
and at laft are worth nothing. 
Bueye'ro, a neatherd. 
BuEYEZÍLLo, a fteer, a little ox. 
Bue'y TRE, a vulture. From the 
Lat . vultur. 

Bueytre'ra, a place where vul- 
tures reibrt ; alfo a fort of fifting-net, 
and a place that llinks of carrion. 

Ejlar para buéytre, to be fit for the 
vultures ; that is, any poor, lean,ftarv- 
ing creature that is like to die. We 
fay, it is fit for the hounds, or for the 

B U F 
BÚFALO, a buffaloe, a fort of wild 

BÚFANO, vid. Búfalo. 
Bufa'r, to puff, to blow, as an 
horfe, or an ox, or a man in a paf- 

Bufe'o, a fort of large fifli. 
Bufe'te, atable ; properly that we 
call a Spaniffi table. Covar. 
Buffa'r, vid. Bufar. 
BuíÍA, in cant a cask oT wine. 


B U J 

JJVUADOR, in cant a vintucr. 

buni>o, ijurfiug, blowing, iikc a 
hoifc or ox, or !ikc a man m a pallion. 

B'.iFO, a toaJ. Latin. 

hfFON, a bufl'oon, a jcflcr. 

BufONtA'R, to play the buffoon, or 
the jclttr. 

liuf OS, albrt of antitnt hcad-drofi, 
fiickiiis; out hollow over the cars; alfo 
the pirn's which grow on the thlUlcs, 
which iiy away and alniplt vanilh 
nhcn touched ; therefore this word is 
LÍed to lignify any thing that is windy. 

Buga'da, a buck, or wafliing of lin- 
Ui-ii V. ith lye, 

Huca'llas, the nuts called galls. 

Bughlla'dAj a fine lye ufed by 
■«vomen in Spain to waili their heads ; 
thence any daub ufed by them. 

BuGtLLADORj One that makes or 
iVlJs liops for womens faces. 

BuGLRiAs, trifles, toys. 

BuGLSj long valleys betwia moun- 

Bugl'ta,. a Icrt of fiuall veflel cu- 
rioufly wrought, ufed to put perfumes 
in, and fo called becaufe they were 
njadc of box. 

Bi-'cixj a finall v.'ax-candlc, fuch as 
we call So call'd from the 
Italian hiico, a hole, becaufe it is drawn 
through a hole, that it may be even. 
Xhcre is alfo a town on the coaft of of this name. 

BuGiosA;, the herb bugloii. 
B U H 

Bvj-Ha'do, in cant, difcover'd. 

Buha'r, in cant, to difcover, or 
to watch. 

Bi!H£ua'l, a beg, a q«agmire. 

BujHiA, a river in. the province of 
Sarita Marta in Soirtb America. 

Bullí AS, huts or cottages. 

Bi'HÍDO, via. Btití'o. 

BiiHo, a skreich-owl. Lat. Bt'tho. 

BuHonl'ro, a pedlar, vid. Bdoiéro. 

BuHÚRDA, a little window on the 
top of a houfe upon the tiles ; ib call'd 
from LÚÍO, an owl, becaufe it is ÜKe 
the windows they make in caoes, into 
which they put an owl wi;h his head 
out, for the other birds to fiock about it. 
B U J 

BfJ'.lA'NCE, a cicy in Andahizia, 
tin leagues from Ctrdcva, feated in the 
great plain, inhabited by three thou- 
fand families, very rich, by reafon of 
its fertile foil. It has but one parifli 
church, four monafteries of nuns and 
friarSj one hofpital, and five chapels. 
Ir belongs to the king. 

BujARRÓhT, a Sodomite. Italian. 

Bu^RRONfcA'Hj to play the So- 


Buido, polifli'd or burniili'd ; alfo 
made very iharp. 

Bujl'rras, toys. 

Bujerías, vid. Biigtrias. 

BinrRA'oo,. a town m C.ifiile, 15 
leagues from Madrid, in the way to 
Burgos, feated in a plcafant valley, at 
che foot of the mountain Ardoz., is 
wall'd, has a caitle, is v/ater'd by a 
liiiall river, and inhabited by i 00 fa- 
milies, has two parifli churches, and 
one hofpital, and belongs to the dukes 
del Infantado. 

Buitrón, a fort ofjiet like a weel, 
to catch fíítí ; alio the name of a fmall 
town and of a good family ia Spain. 


BÚLA, the pope's bull ; ib called 
from the. Latin. ¿«/&, being the feal 
hanpiiig to it. It is alfo. the buUa or 
place of lilver the Roinan ladies wore 
about their necks as a token of nobi- 

Bula'r la frente, to bura one on 
che forehead. 

Bularca'ma, a great timber that 
flrengthens the prow of a ihip. 

BuLEo, a wild onion. Latin, 

Bulde'ro, or Buléro, one that pub- 
liihes and carries about the pope's 

Bule'ta, vid. Bolka. 

Bulla, a confufion, a diforder, a 
buiile, a tumultuous commotion. 

Bulle'nte, ftirring or boiling. 

Bullicio, a ftirring, a commotion, 
or confufion ; alfo the humming noife 
made by a multitude of people. 

Bulliciosame'nte, tumultuoufly, 
diibrderly, rcüleísly. 

Bullicioso, reftleís, turbulent, al- 
ways in motion, contentious. 

Bullidor, one that is always ftir- 

EullidÚea, ftirring, moving ; alfo 
boiling or bubling up of water. 

Bullir, to boil up. From the La- 
tin lnUire, whence all the foregoing 
words. Thence to move, to ftir, to 
bubble up like boiling water. 

Bullir pinjes, o gitx.ams, is for lice 
or maggots to fwarm. 

Btthir la gente, is when there is a 
great concourfe of people moving. 

BtiUir el ayre, when there is very 
little wind, that it juft breaths. 

Ko huUir pi'i ui mavOy not to - move 
hand nor foot. 

Bullón", a long dagger, 

BÚLT0, a bulk that is fecn at a di- 
ftance without difcovering what it is, 
or a thing coycr'd ib that only the 
bulk appears, and not what it is,. 


ft y el hullo de lina coja, to fee tHe 
bulk or biguefs of a thing without per- 
ceiving what it is. 

yitfgar una cofa a bulla, to judge of 
a thing by the bulk ; met. to make a 
rafh judgment, 

tigttra de biilto, a iblid ftacue. 


BuÑÓL, a town in the kingdom of 
Valencia in Spain, fix leagues from the 
city J'ahncia, of 150 houfcs, one pa- 

BUiSOLER'A, the place where they 
make or fell buñuelos. 

Buñoll'ro, he that makes or fella 

Buñue'los, a Ibrt of fritters with- 
out apples, made of fine pafte inftead 
of batter, which in Spain they cut into 
fmall bits, and caft into a pan of boil- 
ing oil, where chey prefendy puft" up 
hollow and very big, then taking them 
out, eat them with honey or fugar. 
They are call'd buñuelos de viento, be- 
caufe they are ib light and hollow. 

B U Q. 

BÚruí, the bulk, ibwage, or con- 
tent of a fliip. 

Buque'ta, that Ibrt of grain which 

we call French wheat.. 


BuratÍnes, for bjat/nesy rope- . 
dancers, or vaulters. Apotegmas de 
yuan Rufo. 

Bura'to, a kind of light thin ftuff 
ufed for womens veils in Spain; tiffa- 
ny, or love. 

Burba&ue'na, a town in the king- 
dom of Aragón in Spain, four leagues 
from Daroca, wall'd, fea:e4. near the 
river Xiloca, in a fruitful foil, has i$o 
houfes, and but one pariih. 

Bureugea'r, to bubble as water 

BuRBiájA, a little bubble on the 

Burbura'ta, a port in the pro- 
vince oí Venezuela in South A%\'^rica. 

Burda, the main fail of a galley. 

Burda'lla oveja, a Iheep that has 
coarfe harih wool. 

Burdega'no, a mule, get by a, 
horfe on a flie-afs. 

Burde'l, a bawdy-houfe. 

Burdelea'r, to haunt bawdy- 

Burdele'jo, or BurdeliUo, &,\núe 

BÚRD0, coarie., 

Bureba'jñOj the. ancient name of 

feme honourable, imploymcnt, but 

what it was in particular 1 can no 

where find, nor the word it felf any 

3 where 



rvhere but in Rfp::hl.'cai del miinJo del 
P, F. N. Roman, tbl. 5 51. p. i. col. 1. 

Bure'o, the alTembly of the officers 
for management of aiUirs of the king's 
houUiolcij'like the board of green ctoth , 
hence apply'd to anv office for writing, 
or taking account. French burean. 

Burgale's, a citizen of B/.-y^M, but 
chiefly meant for the wealthy ibrt, 
There was formerly a coin of this 
name, now not in being. 

Burgas, the hot baths ; as, Btirgas 
de Orinfe, the hot baths at Cretife, Co 

BuRGh's, a burgefs, or inhabitant of 
a borough ; writ alio burgués. 

BÚrgo, a borough, fmall town, or 
village. The word-Gothick, and lit- 
tle uied at prefcnt. Ccvar. 

BtiRGOS, the chief city of the king 
dom of Old Cafiile in Spain, and has 
contended for precedency with Toledo, 
jt is feated in a plain all cncompais'd 
with mountains, and water'd by the 
rivers Arlanfon and Jrlanza, is wall'd, 
has three ñately bridges, a great caftle 
on a lofty hill that overlooks it ; the 
territory very fruitful, the inhabitants 
at prcleiic not above 1000 families, a 
mong them abundance of gentry and 
nobility, the buildings ftately, fifteen 
parith churches, five hofpitals, fix cha- 
pels, one college, ten raonaikries of 
friars, nine of nuns. . 

Burgue's, vid. Surges. 

Burja'ca, a great leather pouch, 
which pilgrims or poor folks carry, 
hanging under their left arm, to put 
in what is given them ; alfo any other 
pouch with feveral purfes in it. 

Burjale'tas, a fort of late figs, 
Iraall, but very fweet. 

Burie'l, a very coarfe cloth, fitch 
as the Franciican friars habits are .made 

Buríl, a graver to engrave in metal 

Burila'ca, a fmall province in the 
goveihment of Santa Marta in Siyuth 
America, i 3 leagues from the city of 
Santa Marta. 

Burilada, a flroke or touch with 
a graver. 

BuRÍN, vid. Buril. 

BuRiTicA, a town, in the province 
of Pcp.xyaiJ in South America^ 

BURLA, a jeft. 

Biirla pefada, an offeniive jeíí. 

Hazér burla, to feoff, or ¡ear. 

Dexadas las burlas, jeflint^ afide. 

No fabér de burlas, to take no jefi. 

Echarlo a liir'as, to pafs off any 
thing for-a jefi. 

Prpv. BH/Jdj de mánoSf hurlas de vil-- 


¡ándíi Jefiing with the hands is fit 
for pcafants. Horfc-play and all hand- 
ling do¿s not bccouK gentlemen. 

I'rov. E?; burlas, iii en viras, con in 
úmo no partas peras : Shai'C not pears 
with your maitcr, eithei" in jell or in 
earneit. That is,, never iland upon 
equal terms with your raaucr or fupe- 
rior, tho' it be but in. jeft. 

Prov. A la biiria dexarl.-i tjiiárdo mas 
agrada: Leave a jeft when it pleafes 
you btft. That is, tho' you are never 
fo well pleafed with a jeft of your 
own, it is better to forbear it, left 
you offend another. 

Prov. A las burlas affi ve a cUas, 
que no te f.tlgan de viras : Jelt after 
fuch a manner, that it may not prove 
earneft. Let jefts be inoflenfive, left 
they provoke otJiers, and caufe quar- 

Prov. X" úy pear burla, que la ver- 
dadera : No jelt like a true jeiL 

Burlador, a jefter, one that jefls 

Prov. si el burlador fuere burlúdo, el 
rojlro ledo, no enojit:'.o : If a jeíter have 
a jeft put upon him, let his face look 
merry, and not. angry. He that gives 
a jeft muft take a jelt. 

Burla'r, to jeft, to impofe upon. 

Burlería, jcfting, matter of jeft. 

BuRle'sco, burleique. 

BuRLiLLA, a little jeft. 

Burlón, a merry jefting companion. 

BURRA, a flie-afs. 

Prov. A btirra vieja cincha aman'Ua : 
A yellow girt for an old ilie-afs. A 
refleftion on a gawdy old woman. 

Prov. Caer de fu Liírra .• To fall 
from his ais. To be convinced one 
was in the wrong, when he had bien 
obftinate in it ; which is counted like 
an afs, to be pofitive in the wrong. 

Prov. Xo que te ejlriégo, burra de mi 
fuégro : Stand ftill while I curry you, 
my father-in-law's afs. So the clowns 
fay to their wivea when ihey beat 
them . 

Burra'da, a trick of an ais, fpesk- 
ing or ading like an afs ; a fooiifh fay- 
ing or aelion, a blunder, a bull. 

Burra'jo, trafti, trumpery, fikh. 

BuRra'sca, vid. Borr.\fca. 

BuRRa'to, vid. Burato, 

Burria'na, a town in thekingdom. 
of Valencia in, five leagues from 
the city Valencia, wall'd and fortified, 
near the fea, the foil rich, the inhabi- 
tants 500 fajnilies, one parifli, and one 
monaftery of friars. 

BÚRRO3 a he-afs ; there is alfo a fifli 
lb called. 

BüRÚjo, -the husks of grapes after j 

- B U Z 

the wine is prcfs'd our, or the like cf 
any fruit thit is prcf,'o. 

BuRujoM, a hard fwcHing in the 
head, where a humour littles. It is 
alio the nan.e of a town near the city. 


Eusa'c5.ue, a fort of fawcc made of 
the entrails of an hare. 

BÚSCA, a fearch, a ieeking. 

Busca'do, fought, llarch'd after. 

Buscador, a feekcr, a fearcher. 

Busca'r ; Pr.ef. To bi'tfco, Vtxi.Jluf- 
qué ; to £'ek5. to fearch. 

Bi'isco, an obfoletc clowniili word, 
fignifymg with you. 

BusiLii, a ibrt of cant word, llgni- 
fying the myflery, or the contrivance, 
or the juggle. 

Bus<ivt', vid. Bufíár. 

Bustama'nte, the furname .of * 
family in Spain. 

BusuLA, vió.Brúxala. 

Eutre'ra, vid. Blteytréra. 
B U V 

BuvAS, vid. Bubas. 

Buvie'rca, a town in the kingJora 
oí Aragón in Spain, two leagues from 
Calatayud, feated in a valley, on the. 
banks of the river X/j/e», inhabited by, 
100 families.-. . 

Buvoso, vid. Bubofo. 
B U X 

Buxahame'l, a Mooriill dance. 

Buxa'no, a fort of ftiell-fifli. " 

BuxARRON, a Souomire ; alio a. 
thing that is pierced or full of holes. 
From the Italian buco, a hole. Cavar, 

BcxerÍas, vid. Sugerías, 

Buxe'ta, a little box.. 

BúxuiA, x\A. Bnixula, 
B U Y 

Buy'do, vid. Buido. 

BuYTRE, a vulture.. 'Lxc.vultur. ' 

Buytre'ra, a place where vulture;, 
reibrt, a place where carrion is thrown 
out, to which birds of prey refort. 

Buytrón, a w.ecl to catch or keep 
filli in the. water. 

Ei'.ytron de fuego, ib they call in the 
li'ejl Indies the cavities made under the 
troughs, in %vhich they mix the filvej- 
oar and quickfilvcr for refining : in 
which cavities they make a gent;e fire, | 
and that, helps to make the quickiilver 
incorporate with the lilvei- iboner than 
i: would do by onlv the heat of the fun. 
B Ú Z 

Bu7, a kifs given out of refpeiS, and . 
by way of honour, as the killing of 
holy things. ■ Thence, 

Hazcr el L.iz, to pay a rcípcñ, or do . 
honour to another. Moü generally 

ufud , 


uCed ironically for fawning and p'ay- 
ing the fycophaii:. 
'Buza'co, a for: of heavy canon. 

Bur. NO, a diver, one whofe pro- 
fcrtion K is to dive iinJer water to 
fetch up any thing. From the Greek 
l)thios. It is alfo a ibrt of fliell-fiih ; 
and in cant a pick-pocket, one that 
dives into pockets. 

Buzio, iiicm. 

Bu/o, \\Á. Bt'tzav». 

Buzos, vid. Briizoj. 
B Y 

BvR'A, a kid's skin. 

BvzAj 01 Dyze¡ the north wind. 

CIs one of the letters called mutes. 
C before a, o, ii is pronounced 
as in Englilli, that is, like a * ; but if 
the cedilln be added under it thus, c, 
then it is pronounced like a z. Exam- 
ples of the firil, r.iini, cobro^ cubo, pro- 
nounced as kabra, kóbro, kiibo; of the 
fccond, farca, pofóúra, fumo, pro- 
nounced like zárz-a, zozobra, zumo. 
Before e and / it is always pronounced 
as :; ; before the aipiration h it is pro- 
nounced as we do in Etigl.iiiit, not like 
the French or Italians, cbúto¡ chéha, 
chico, chocolate, cl.úzo. 

Ca', becaufe, for, Obf. 

Caea'do, Cabár. &c, vid. Cavado, 
Cavúrj &c. 

Caea'i., juft, exaft, compleat, that 
wants nothing. 

Hombre cabal, a man that is ¡lift and 
esad in his dealings. From cabo, the 
end or perfeflion of a thing. 

Caba'la, the cabala, a myflical Ici- 
ence profefi'd by the Rabbies. 

CaealÍa, íbmcthing belonging to 
the cabala. 

Cabalista, one verfed in the ca- 

Cabalístico, belonging to the ca- 

Caballa'o, falt-fi(h. 

Caballeriza, vid. CavaUeri'za, 

Caballe'ro, \\A.Ca'uaUero. 

Caba'llo, vxA.CavaUo. 

Caealme'nte, compleatly, juilly. 

Caba'ña, a cottage, a cabbin, a 
■hut, Ital. cafanna. 

Caea'ñas, a town in the kingdom 
of Valencia in Spain, two leagues from 
estezas, and as much from the fea, has 
but ICO houfcs, and one parifh. There 
is 3 ib a village of the name near Tokc'o; 
alfo a port in the iiland of Cuba in 
i^crih America, nine milts from che Ha- 


Cabake'ro, one chat builds or lives 
in a cottage. 

Caearuto, a territory in the pro- 
vince of Guiana in South America. 

Cabañují'la, a little cottage, cab- 
bin, or hut. 

CaeaSue'las, one of the fuburbs of 
the City Toledo is fo called, becaufe the 
Jews formerly ufed to keep their fealt 
of the tabernacles there, which m Spa- 
nifh is call'd riéjia ce las Cabanas, be- 
caufe they built huts to live in for forty 
days, in memory of their forty years 
travel in the deiert. 

Caba'r, -via. Cavar. 

Caba'ya, a great cloak, or loofe 

Cabde'l, the ftandard carried by 
him that has an hundred horfc of his 
own tenants or valláis. 

Cabdellador, CabdeUar, CabdiUo; 
vid. Caudilladór, CaudiiLir, Caudillo. 

Ca'be, near to, hard by; alfo the 
diftance between two balls, at the 
(port of ñriking them through a ring, 
or rather the lying within pals. From 
the verb cabe, it can go in. 

Cabe is alfo the name of a river, call- 
ed alfo Cheyles, in the kingdom of Ara- 
gón in Spain, where it runs by Tara- 
zon.t, and falls into the Ebro. 

Cabe is alfo the verb imperfonal, it 
is held or contain'd. 

Cabe'ca, the head. "Lzt-caput. 

Cabifa de perro, a dog's head, the 
herb fo call'd. 

Cabéfa de ternero, the herb call'd 
calves-iiiout, or fnap-dragon, 

Cabéfa de vergítéffa, the nut of a 
man's yard. 

Cabéfa de prccéjjo, o tejlaménto, the 
beginning of a proceís or will. 

Cab.' fa de junta, the chief man in 
an alTembly. 

Cabéfa de linage, the chief of a fa- 

Cabéfa de vándo, the head of a fa- 

Cabéfa de olla, the head of the pot, 
that is, either the ben in the pot, or the 
mafter of the houfe. 

Cabe f a de ajos, a head of garlick. 

Cahéca de ganado, a head of cattle. 

^ebradero de cabéfa, a troublcibme, 
importunate, prating or talking. 

Repartir por caberas, to íhare out by 
the head. 

Dar de cabc'ca, to fall upon one's 
head ; met. to be pofitive in a thing 
without fenfe or reafon. 

Poner/ele en la cabica, to be perfua- 
ded to a thing, to conceit, to have it 
in one's head. 

Bar con la, cabéfa por las paredes, to 


beat one's head about the walls ; met. 
to carry on an atíair raflily to one's 
own lols. 

No acne pies in cabéfa, it has neither 
head nor tail. 

De pies a cabe fa, from head to foot. 

Pies ccn caiefa, heads and points. 

Apunta y cabéfa, a play among chil- 
dren iiilteaci of pulb-pm, for they hold 
the pm covcr'd with their fingers, and 
as)> head or point, and the other is to 

Echar de cabéfa, to thi'ow down 

Echar de cabéfa vides, o otras plan- 
tas, to bow down the branches of 
vines or ocher plants, and flick them 
in the ground ti.l they have taken root 
before they cut them. 

Tomar de cahéca, to learn by heart. 

Menear la cabéfa, to iliake the head 
either in fcorn or compailion 

Alfiir cabéfa, to lift up one's head ; 
met. to mend one's fortune, to grow 
into a better condition. 

Bohér cahéca, to turn one's head ; 
either to turn towards to aifift, or 
from a man to forfake him. 

Xo me bohvio la cab, fa, he wotdd 
not lb much as look at me. 

Torcer la cabéfa al uve, to wring a 
fowl's neck. 

Reclinar la cabéfa, to bow one's 
head, or to reft it. 

So tengo lugar de rafearme la cabéfa, 
I have not time to fcratch my head. 

Dolérle la cabe fa a un negocio, is for 
an aftair to be in an ill polture. 

Poner a cortar la cabéfa, to pawn 
one's head upon a thing. 

Pajfole por la cahéca, he fancied it. 

Hazér de una cofa cab- fa de lobo, to 
make a wolf's head of a thing. That 
is, to make the molt of it, as men do 
that have kill'd a wolf, and carry the 
head about to the villages to get a re- 
ward for it, 

Prov. A la cabéca la comida Ja en- 
deréfa : Eating fets the head to íji^hts. 
That is, pains in the head often pro- 
ceed from vapours riling from the iio- 
inach, which are often caufed by em- 
ptinefs, and eating lays them. 

Prov. En cabéfa loca no diíra toca : 
No head-cloaths flay long on a mad 
head. That is, freakilli mad heads are 
never ilill, not long in a mind, no- 
thing lails long with them. 

Prov. La cabéfa blanca, y elféfi per 
venir: The head grey, and no brains 
come. That is, old and foolifh, or 
wild. We fay, a man is grey before 
he is good ; or, a grey head, and a 
green tail. 



Prov. Si quieres enfermar, lávate ¡a 
cabéca, y •vete a echar : If you have a 
mind to be lick, vvalh your head and 
go lie down. ' That is, you muft not 
prefently go to lieep after walhing 
your head, becaufe the damp will 
ilrike in and make you fick ; but keep 
up and ilir about till your head be 

Prov. S! teniys califa de •vibrio, no 
os tomeys a pdrtidas conmigo: If you 
have a glafs head do not engage with 
nie at throwing of Hones, That is, 
do not upbraid me with faults, when 
you know I have wcrfe to lay to your 
charge. Do not expofe another, when 
ycu know it muft turn to your fname. 
Prov. Xabcnar c.-.béca de áf no perdí - 
miéfito de xabón : To lather an als's 
head is onlylpoiliug of íbap. The la- 
bour in vain, wauling the black moor 
white. It is labour loft to teach ftu- 
pid people. . 

Prov. B/carmentár en cahepa agéna : 
To take warning by another. To im- 
prove by the misfortunes, or mifcarri- 
ages, or punifliment of another, and 
not ftay till it is a man's own cafe, 
and it is too late to take warning. 

Prov. Alabarme le, que minea lavé 
cabree., c¡iíe no me frjujje tiñófa : I mav 
boaít that I never wain'd a head but 
what prov d fcald or fcabby. That is, 
I never did any one a good turn, but 
what made me aj ill return. 

Prov. Cafarme quiero, comeré cabcfU 
de ilia, y fer.l arme he primero: I'll mar- 
ry, and then I Ihall eat tlie prime of 
the pot, and fliall lit down l-:rU. Pride 
and gluttony made the motives to mar- 
ry. That is, to fit at the upper end, 
and have the firft cut of meat. Appli- 
cable to any that aim at thmgs of con- 
cern out of mean motives. ' 

Caee'<;a de VmE, a town m Vor- 
iugal in the territory oí Ejlremoz, four 
leagues from Porfalegre, feated on a 
riling ground, wall'd, and has a ca- 
flle, 6c> houfes, one parilh, an houfe 
of mifcricordia, and three chapels. 

Cabeca'da, a blow with the head ; 
the h;aditall of a beaft, the foot-leather 
of a boot ; and a nod when ojie is a- 

CABtcA'jn, vid. Cabetamihto. - 
CABErA'tj a pillow, or rather a 
bolfter reaching quite acrofsthe bed. 
It is alfo taken for a narrow quilt the 
countrymen ufe in Spain, to lie on the 
ground, or a broad bench, like a couch. 
Caeecale'jo, a little pillow. 
Gabecaee'ro, an executor of a 
-.vill. _ 

GaÍi^amií'ntOj nodding^ ; alfo 


counting of heads. 

Caei cea'r, to nod, to ihake the 
head, to tofs it as fome horfes do, and 
fomc women, that are io wanton they 
know not how to carry themiclves. 
In fiugery it is to apply cauteries to 
the ends of the veins. 

Cabecear la vigas, is for beams to 
bow or give W'ay. 

Caeecale'ro, Obf. he that is at 
the dying man's bed's head ; an exe- 

Caee'cas de S. Juan, a town of 
400 inhabitants, belonging to the king, 
in the province oiJnda/uva in Spain. 

Cabecera, the upper end of the 
table, bed, &c. 

Cabe'íjo, a hillock ; alfo the top of 
a mountain. 

Cabezón, the neck-band of a fhirt, 
the collar of a garment, a great head; 
alfo a head-ftall to tame colts. 

Llevar a lino de los cabefo'nes, to drag 
a man away by the collar. 

Entrar por la boca manga, y falir pof 
el cabe fon, to enter at the lleeve, and 
go out at the neck-band. This was an 
old ceremor.y in Spain to adopt a ion ; 
the woman took a wide fmock, and 
putting the man's head through one of 
the llcevcs,. biought it out at the neck- 
band, and then own'd him as her ion ; 
thence, met. to intrude. 

Cabezón, a town- in the kingdom 
of Caflde in Spain, two leagues from 
Fallai\oltd,oa tne banks of the river Pi- 
fuerga, it has not above 100 houfes. 

Cabezudo, head-ltrong, or great- 

Cabe^ue'la, a little head, alio a 
little bud. 

Cabllla'do, hair colour. 

Cabelladiira, a head of hair. 

Caeelle'ra, a perriwig. 

Cabe'llo, the hair, Ltx.capiUus. 

Cabellos, is alio a preftrve made of 
carrots, which draws into fine threads 
like hairs. 

CabcUos de camero, íbme large ii- 
news in mutton, which when much 
boil'd fplit like hairs. 

Cabellos de úngeles, a fweet-meac 
made with eggs and fugar in fmall 
threads, like yellow hair. 

Ko falta un cabello, there wants not 
a hair. 

No monta iin cc.béUo, it is not worth 
a hair. We fay, a ftraw. 

Colgar de un cabelló, to hang by a 
hair, to ftand upon very ticklilh cir- 

Ll¿vár a I'mo de un cabello, to lead a 
man by a hair ; thac isj when he is 
■ivilling^to folio Wo . 


Hendi'r un cahcUo, to Ijilit a liair, to 
be very iharp in dealing, or precilL in 

Andar en cabello, to go in one's hair ; 
met. to go naked. 

Ten.r mas años que cabellos, to have 
more years than hairs, that is, to be 
very old and bald. 

IlcrizArfe el cabello, is for the hair to 
ftand up an end, as with a fright. 

Traer tin texto, una citación, por ¡os 
cahéllos, to llrain or force a text or 
quotation to our fenfe, to bring it in 
by head and flioulders. 

Arrancarfe los cabellos, to tear one's 
hair for anger, ipight, &c. 

Prov. Cabello luengo y corto el féfo : ' 
Long hair and little brains. That is, . 
they have but little wit, who ftudy 
how to keep a fine head of hair. 

Prov. Cada cabello húae fu fómbra en- 
el fuélo: Every hair makes a fliadow 
on the ground. That is, the lealt of 
things is of ibme moment. 

Prov. Cabellos y cantar no cumplfn,. 
ni es buen axuar: Hair and íinging do 
not make up, or are no good furniture. 
That is, a woman's fine hair or iiiiging 
do not enrich her husband, or are no ■ 
great addition to her portion. 

Caeellóso, or Cabelhtdo, hairy. 

Cabe'r ; Prf f. §uépo, cubes, cabe ; 
Prst. Ct'ipe, cupifle, ctipo ; Fut. Cabré, 
cabras, cabra ; Sub. prxf. §uépa ; Im- 
perf. Cupiéray cabría, or cupiere ; Fut. 
Cupiere ; to be contained in another 
thing, or to be fit or capable to b&- 

No cabe mi mano en fy. capáfo, my 
hand will not go into his flioe, that is, 
it will not contain my hand. From 
the Lat. capere, to contain. 

No caber enji de gozo, not to be able 
to contain one's felf for joy. 

No cabe en fu cafa quando efin enojx- 
do, the houfe is too little to hold him 
when he is angry. 

Caberle a uno en fuerte, to fall to 
one's lot. 

Caberle por turno, to fill to one's 

No caber una partida, in arithmetick^ . 
is when the diviibr is greater than the- 

Caee'rna, vid. Caiéma. 

Cabe'ro, the laft, the utmoft. 
Cabestra'ge, haltering. 

Cabestra'nti, the capftain of a ■ 
ihip, with which they weigh the an- 

Cabestrar, to halter a beaft. 

Cabestre'ro, a rope-maker or hal- - 
ter-roaker, - 



C\B£str:li.o, « litdc hsltcr ; aTo 
a b'.OjJ-houiiil, or o^hcr creature, that 
iiiidj out gamtí to hunt. Alio a fcarf 
to hang a lore arm in. The lailics in 
■ S^itin wear ribiMJni or golJ chains, or 
firings of jjcarls hanging before, which 
thtycjU by this name ; as we call 
the ribbons they wear hanging in Eng- 
land, bridles. Foppilh men botii in 
Spam and Er,g!nnd have worn the like. 

Cabestro, a halter for a bcaft. 
• From the Latin c.ip:J}rum. Sometimes ta- 
ken for the bell-weather that leads the 

Cabe'stro, in cant, us'd for one 
that draws in people to play at gaming 

Llevar a tiro del calrjlro, to guide 
»ip.d govern a man as a bcall: is led by 
a halter. To lead a man by the nofe. 

Cabl'za, vid. Cabrea. 

Cabiza'da, vid. Cabecáda, 

Caslica'na cerneja, the winter 
<row, called by fome theroyllon crow, 
whofe back and belly are of a dark 
«ill colour. 

Caeezcav'do, head - fallen, deje- 
<ied, hanging the head. 

CAEiLzn'RA, vid. Cabecera. 

Cabezón, vid. Cabe fon. 

Cabezudo, vid. Cabezudo, 

Cabezue A, vid. Cabeaiéta. 

Cabida, admittance, reception, en- 
ttitainment, room. 

Tener cabfíiz ron tina pér/ona, to hav e 
ficctfs to, or an iütcreit with fiich a 
per ion. 

CaeÍdo, contain'd. 

Cabila, vid. Aloe. 

Cadieacion caviüns, rcvilinij, 
1: rendering. 

Caeila'r, to cavil, to revile, to 

Caeiida'da, a feiitencc or judg- 
ment given by a chapter. 

Cabildo, a chafcer of a church. 
Alio a common-council or court of al- 
dermen of a town. Lat. cnp'ittiUmi , 
the former the true fenfe of it. 

Cabilla, aloes, 
■ Cabillo, a little end. 

Cabimiento, vid. Cabida. 

Cabine'te, the cabinet. 
-Caeisba'xo, hanging the head down. 

Caeisca'na ccwfj'/r, vid. Cabezenna 

Cariscay'do, difinay'd, that can- 
not lift up the head. 

Ca'blf, a cable, which is a three 
ftrond rope, for a fliip to ride at an 

Ca'eo, the end, the concludon. Al- 
io a cape or head-land. From the La- 
tin f.;^/.-i, a cobler's end. 


Ca'bo de efíjuádra de.gutm.insí, a 
head corporal us'd among the Sp.xni- 
ards, who has two crowns a month 
more than the others, and commands 
the Giizn/anes, who are a better Ibrt of 
folditrs that have extraordinary pay. 

Ca'eo de ctichi'Uo, a knife haft. 

Ca'bo de vela, a candles end. 

Ca'eo de año, an annivctfary, 

Ca'bo de agujeta, a tag. al cabo, to be at the lafl gafp. 

Éjlar al cabo del cuento, to under- 
ftand the matter thoroughly. 

Llevar las cofas al cabo, to go thro' 
flitch with things. 

Tener I'ma materia tantos cabos, is to 
have (b many ftveral propofitions. 

Mugcr hermofa por el cabo, a moñ 
beautiful woman. 

Echarlo a iir cábo¡ to lay it afide. 

Profegm'r lajla el cabo, to hold on 
till the end.. 

Vijitar el jarro hajla ler c! cabo, to 
tois the pot till one iLcS the bottom. 

Dar cabo, a fea-phrafe, to thro%v a 
rope for another to take hold of. 

Ca' BOS de lahon'tr, a fea-term, ilgni- 
fying in general all the cordage belong- 
ing to a lliip. 

Prov. A cada cabo tres liguas de mal 
quebranto .• Every way or at every end 
there are three leagues of heart-break- 
ing. When a biilinefs is every way 

Prov. Al cabo de úTio mas come el 
mitérlo cjiíe el far.o: By the year's end 
the dead man cats more th.ui the li- 
ving. Meaning in ofierings and alms 
given for his ibu'. 

Prov. Al cabo de un á'io tiene el 
moco' las mañas de fu amo : At the 
year's end the man has his mafter's 
ways. £ir!ier he knows how to plcafc 
him, or he has learnt his ill qualities. 

^aborda, bringing up a fliip dole 
to land, or to a key ; laying her a- 
ground, anchoring, alfo runnino foul 
of another. 

rAB0RDA''R, to bring a fliip clofe to 
fliore or to a key ; to lay hera-ground, 
to drop the anchor ; alfo to run foul 
of another. 

Ca'bra, a flie goat. Alio the ion 
of an Indian-woman and a fambo. Alio 
the fifh call'd a gurnet. Alfo three 
poles fet up joining at the top, and 
forming a triangle at the bottom, to 
weigh heavy things. Lat. c.xpra. 

Ca'bra nicntéz, a wild goat. 

Ca'bra, is alfo a town in the pro- 
vince oí AndaJuzia in Spain, a league 
from Liicena, fcated in a pleafant vale, 
water'd by a brook, with a good ca- 
ftlcj the foil very fruitful, the inhabi- 


tants i ^00 families, one pariih, four 
mouafteries of friars, and one of nur»s. 
it is an earldom, and belongs to the 
dukes o{ Sejfa. 

Prov. Loi que cabrás no tienen, y ca- 
hri'tos venden, de dónde ¡es vienen : They 
that have no goats and fell kids how 
came they by them. Apply'd to all 
pcribns who live high and none knows 
how they have it. 

Prov, Cabra va por viña, <jual la ma- 
dre tal la lija : The goat goes' through 
the vineyard, as the dam lb does the 
young one. That is, like mother like 
daughter. ■ 

Prov. Aún no es parida la caira, .y el 
cabrito mama : The goat has not yet 
brought forth, and the kid fucks. That 
is, to reckon chicl:ens before they are 

Prov, Dónde una cabra va allí quie- 
ren ir todas : Where one goat goes 
they all will go. Like iheep, which if 
one* leaps into the water, will all fol- 
low. This they fay of people that can- 
not be afunder. 

Prov. Meter a itno las cabras en el 
corral; To put ones goats into the 
pound. To put a man in fear, as he 
does the goat -herd, who pounds his 

Prov. Cabra coxa no quiere fiéfla : 
A lame goat will not fleep in the after- 
noon, To fignify, he that is dull-wit- 
ted muft lofe no time, but ufe conti- 
nual application kail others out-ilrip 

Prov. ^al es la cabra, tal es la lija 
que la mama : Like mother like dauííh- 

Prov. Por do falta la cabra falta la 
que la mama : Where the ílie goat 
leaps over the kid follows. That is, 
like mother like daughter. An iU 
mother by her example makes her 
daughter ib. 

Prov. Echar a tino las cabras : To 
lay all the blame or all the burden 
upon a man, as when feveral play, 
who fliall pay all, becaufc the giat-herds 
when they have feafted upon any of 
their cattle, play among themielves 
who fliall pay for it ; fo they fay, they 
have laid the goats at his door. 
^a'bra, vid_. Zabr.t. 
C a' B R A H I G a D ii R A, pruning of 
wild fig-tres. 

Caerahígo, a W-ild fig-tree or fig. 
Alfo any weed growing out of old 

Cabra'l, the furnan^c of a good fa- 
mily in Portugal, their chisf lord of 


C A C 

Ca'bras [altantes, a fort of exha- 
lations, which taking fire, go as it 
were skipping in the air, like goats. 

Cabre'ja, a fmall town in the bi- 
ihoprick of Qiefjca in Spain. 

Caere'ra, the furname of a noble 
family in Spain. Alfo a fmall illand 
in the Mediterranean. 

Cabrerizo, a goat-herd. 
Cabre'ro, idem. 
Cabresta'nte, vid, Cabefiránte. 
CaBríal, a rafter or quarter of 
wood fee up an end to fupport, or 
hold up any thing. 

Cabrilla, a little goat. Alfo a 
fort of fiih in the South Sea, fomewhat 
like a trout. F. _Jto/. Acojla, Nat. Hifi. 
IV. Ind.p. z$8. 

Cabrilla, call'd alio caln'lla del 
fanto Chrifio; a town in the province 
of Andalulia in Spain, eight leagues 
from yaen, on the mountain, inhabited 
by 300 families, has one parilh, two 
chapels, and an hofpital, and belongs to 
the houfe of San T'itores, y la PorttUa, 
who arc vifcounts of this place. 

Cabrillas, the conilellation call'd 
the feven flars or the Pléyades. 

•Cabrío, vid. Cabríal. 

Cabriola, a caper, a skip, 

Cabriola'r, to caper, to skip. 

Cabrita, a Ihe kid; alfo kids 

Cabritilla, s. ilink kid's skin. 

Cabritíco or Cabritilla, a little kid, 

Cabrito, a kid. 

Prov. Cabrito^ de un mes, recental de 
írés : A kid a month old, a lamb of 
three months. Beft to eat. 

Cabrxtúno, of or belonoing to a 

Cabrón, a he goat. Met. a cuc- 

CaeronzÍllo montes, a wili he 
goat ; alfo a roebuck. 

Cabruna, a goat-skin. 

Cabruno, goatiíh, rank. 

CABULLÍDO, plun^'d under water, 

5AEULLIDÚRA or }abullimi'enlo, a 
plunging or ducking. 

gABULLÍR, to dive, to plunge un- 
der water. 

CaeuxóNj a ilone cut tapering. 

C A C 

Ca'ca, ordure, filth, dirt. From 
the Latin caceo. Nurfes ufe this word 
to children to pcrfuade them a thing 
is filthy, and teach them to fay it when 
they want their chair. 

La caca callarla, a man muft con- 
ceal what is to his own diüionour, he 
fljiift not bewray his own neft, 

C A C 

Ca'^a, all Ibrts of game or fports, 
as hawking, hunting, fliooting, QPc. 
Alfo the game it felf, as fowl, deer, 

Dar capa, to chace, as Ihips do one 
another at fea. 

Efpantar la cafa, to fright the game. 
To let flip offenders that might have 
been taken. 

Prov. En caca y en- amores entras 
guando quieres, y fules quando puedes : 
You enter upon love and hunting when 
you will, and give over when you can. 
When a man is once engag'd he can- 
not get off at pleafure. 

Prov. Habla en la cafa, y cómprala 
en la piafa : Talk of game, and buy it 
in the market. Thofe fports are bet- 
ter to talk of than to follow, when all 
game can be bought lb chg ap. 

Prov. v'no levanta la cafa y ¿tro la 
mata : One man puts up the game, 
and another kills it. That is, one man 
takes all the pains, and another runs 
away with the profit. . 

Piov. Porfía mata la caca : Perfe- 
verance kills the game. We fay, if 
you fwear you'll katch no filh. They 
are both the fame, tho' they feem to 
differ, for both imply a man muft have 
patience in hunting or fiihing, and £0 
in compafling in any bufinefs. 

Prov. Andar a cafa de gangas : To 
ípend one's time and labour in doing 
nothing. For gangas are a ibrt of 
water -fowl, fo cunning that they fuf- 
fer the fowler to come within fiiot of 
them, but before he can take aim they 
are gone, and fo they ferve him all 
the day. 

Prov. Andar a cafa de grillos : To go 
a cricket hunting. To hunt after un- 
certainties, Becaufe when a boy goes 
to the place where he thought he heard 
a cricket, he finds him not, but hears 
the fame or another a little further, 
and fo lights on none, 

Prov. J'os cafáis, y otro vos cafa, 
mas valdría efiár en cafa : You hunt, 
and another hunts you, it were better 
you ñaid at home. This is ibmething 
like harm watch, harm catch. For 'it 
is meant of a marry'd man, who runs 
after other mens wives, but minds not 
his own, who pays him in his own 

Caca'do, hunted, aUb catch'd or 

Cacadóra, a huntrels. 
Calador, a hunter. 
Capador d; Alforja, vid. Alforja. 
Ca^adorcíllo, a litte hunter. 
Caladura, hunting. 
Cacalaó^iaj a fport fervant rP^'J* 

C A C 

commonly play at about Shrovetide: 
One of them fits down in the middle 
of a large place, and her they call the 
honey pot. Another guards her, and 
both of them hold the ends of a long 
rope. The others draw near to have 
a lick at the honey pot, and give her a 
good blow. The guard runs after, 
and if flie can touch her that (truck, 
without letting go the end of the rop« 
then ihe that is catch'd fits down in 
the place of the honey pot, and flit 
that was honey pot is the guard. 

Cacalatotói, a bird in Sezu Spaitt^ 
the name in the Mexican language 
fignifies black-bird, and yet it is yel- 
lowifli, about as big as our black-bird, 
and fings delightfully enough. Gemelli^ 
•vol. 6. lib. 1. cap. 9. 

Ca^alílla, a fmall town in ths 
province of Andaluzia in Spain, three 
leagues from Andu jar, has a rich foil, 
i^ohoufes, one parifh, three chapels, 
and an hoipital. 

Ca^a'lla, a town in the province 
oí Andaluzia in Spain, 14 leagues from 
Sevil, on the mountain Siena morena, 
yet producing the beft wine ient to the 
irefl Indies. It has 1000 houfes, one 
parifli, three monafleries of friars, two 
of nuns, three hofpitals, and eight cha- 

Caca'oj the nut whereof chocolata 
is made. It is about the bigneis of an 
almond growing in north America , 
but not in Peru, whither there are vaft 
quantities carry'd every year. It once 
pals'd current for money. The tree it 
grows on is fmall and hiadibme, ha- 
ving a beautiful top, and fo tender, 
that to defend it from being burnt up 
by the fun, they are fain to plant it 
clofe by a great tree, which only ferves 
to fliade it; which tree they call the 
mother of the cacao. There are woods 
of it, or rather orchards, which are 
taken care of as tho vineyards are in 
Spain. The greateft plenty is in the 
province of Guatimala, The name is 
Indian. F. yof. Acof Nat. Hifl. Ind. 
lib. 4. clap. zz. p.xg. i^o. 

Cacar, to hunt, to hawk, to fowl, 
to fifn. 

Prov, A las vézes do cafar penfamot 
cafados c^uedamos : harm watch, harm 

Cacareamie'nto, a cackling. 
Cacarea'r, to cackle, like a hen. 
Cacarear, y no poner huevo, to cackle, 
and lay an egg. To boaft much, and 
do little. "To promife, and not per- 

^ACATiN, a little fquare or publick 
place, Arab. Diminutive of frí-íi. 

R Ca^a'vi, 

C A C 

Ca^a'vi, the bread made in the ITeJl 
Indies, of the root CAYCiyuca, viJ. yijca. 
CA'ctRt5, a town in the province 
of Bpren'.adura in Spain, eight leaoiics 
fioni TritxiUe, on the banks of the river 
Sabor. The country very rich, the 
inhabitants looo families, of them 436 
men of clhtcs, four parilhcs, two mo- 
nalitrics of friars, five of nuns, and a 
good hofpital. Anticntly call'd Gj/r.i 
Cici/ia, or Cajlra C(cfaris, thence cor- 
ruptly Ciceres. 

Cace'res de Camarina, a city in 
the chief of the fhilippiue illands, cal- 
led Lii/on or Manila, with a gooJ port, 
:^nd is a bilhoprick fuflragan to Ma- 

Cacha'do, bruis'd or cruih'd flat, 
or to pieces. 

Cacha'r, to crufh or bruifeflat, or 
to pieces. 

Cachala'ca, a fowl in Neto Spairi, 
like a hen, but the feathers of a mur- 
rey colour, and not fo big as hens. 
Cenielli. tp/. 6. /. z. c. 9. 

Ca'chas de cHchiUo, a knife haft. 
Cachea'r, vid. Cachar. 
Cache'ra rcpa , a coarfe fort of 
gown made of blankets So call'd 
from the French concher, becaufe it is 
made to lay on the bed to keep them 

Cache'te, a cuff on the ear, fb cal- 
led becaufe the hand that ftrikes is ihut 
together, which in Old Spanijb is cal- 
led mano cacha, 

Cachetea'do, cuflf'd, box'd. 
Cache'tes, the cheeks ; alio cuffs 
an the ear. . 

Cachetón^ a cuff or box on the 

Cachetudo, one that has great 

Cachidia'blo, an hobgoblin, or 
Hcbbin Coodfellow, 

Cachigoxde'te, a fliort Cjuat man. 
Cachiva'ches, old broken trum- 
pery that lies about in by-corners, and 
is of little ufe. So call'd {torn cachos, 
pieces ; and vafis, veiels ; that is, 
Woken vetTels. 

Ca'cho, a piece, a luoip, a fliver 
From gajo, a clufler. Vid. Giuho, Ca- 
che. Is alfo a plant in the Wefi Indies, 
bearifl-g a fruit like the Spaniih beren- 
géna. It is found no where but in the 
mountains of íení, and is of great vir- 
tije againft the ftrangury, expels gra- 
vel, ¿tiá difTolves the Itone in the blad- 
der. Monardes, fil. lOi. 

Cachónpa perra, a bitch that is 

■ " Cachonde'z, theprids.or lull of a 


Cachoi>ínes, a name by which the 
Indians oí Mexico call the Europeans. 

Cachopo, a deep place in the fca 
between rocks. 

Cachorre'ta, a fort of fiih taken 
in the South-Sea. Alfo a fmall female 

CachorrÍco or Cachm'u, a little 

Cachorro, a whclp ; alfo a little 
chub child ; alio bow'd or bent. 

Cachuchos, fmall bags full of muf- 
kct bullets or old broken iron , tg 
charge great guns with, to do execu- 
tion among men. In cant it is gold, 
and the thief that ileals it. 

Cachue'las, among fportfmen lig- 
nifics the heart, kidnies, and liver of a 

Ca^co, a little skillet or fauce-pan. 

Cacin, a skillet or fauce-pan. 

Cacique, fo the Indians call their 
petty princes. 

Ca'co, the fon of Vulcan, a noto- 
rious robber, iiain by Hercules. 

Ca'co, a skillet, a fauce-pan,. or any 
fuch fort of veflel. 

Cacode'hion, an evil fpirit. Greek. 

Cazoleja or Cafoléta, a little fauce- 
pan or pipkin. 

Ca^ole'ta del polvorín, the pan of 
any fire-arms for the touch-powder. 

Ca^oeílla, a little fauce-pan or 

Ca^ón, a feal-fifti. 

Cacorla, a town in the province 
oí Andaluzia in Spain, lis leagues from 
Baepa, feated between two mountains, 
water'd by the river J'ega, The foil 
fruitful, the inhabitants 5000 families, 
two parifli churches, five monaileries 
of nuns and friars. Antiently call'd 

Cacorro, vid. Caalrro. 

Ca^ue'la, a little skillet or fauce- 
pan ; fometimes taken for the meat 
dreft in it. 

Ca^ue'la niongi or moxt. It is in 
the nature of a tanly, being boil'd fpi- 
nage fqueez'd from the water, then 
mix'd with eggs and feafon'd with fait 
and pepper, and fo bak'd over the fire 
in a pipkin or fauce-pan, that it may 
come out whole. 

Cazurras palabras, foul words that 
cannot be fpoke without ihame, baw- 
dy words. From the Italian cazzo, 
a man's privy members. 

C-J^uRRo, a clowiih, aa unmanner- 
ly or a .lewd fellow. 


Ca'da, every. 

Cada w, . evay time» . 


cada día, every day. 
Cada mo, every one. 
Cada dos, o cada ire's díaí¡ every 
two or three days. 

Cada y ijuando, wheníbever. 
Cada qua!, every one. 
Cadañe'ro, of every year, yearly. 
Cadañe'ra, a female that breeds 
every year. 

Cadaha'lso, a fcaflbld on which 
criminals are executed, or any other 
publick aft perform'd. In architedure 
it is the firil pait of the wall above the 
foundation. See Leo Merti, or the 
Cordon, about it. 

Cadaha'lso, a town in CaJlUe, j 
leagues from Efialcna , belonging to- 
the marquis de riUena, wall'd, inha-^ 
bited by 500 families, has one pariih, 
one monalteiy of friars, and five cha- 
pels. Call'd Cadahalfo, becaufe feated 

Cadale'cho, a bier or a coffin ; 
a thing like a horfe-littcr to carry fick 
-perfons in ; alfo a couch, and the fide 
of a bed. 

Cada' QUE 2, a town in Catalonia, 
Cada'ver, a carcafs, a dead body. 
Cada'rco, coarfe lilk, the comb- 
ings of the fine. 

Cade'na, a chain. Lat. catena. 
Cade'ncia, a cadence ¡n~mul:ck, 
when coming to the clofe, two notes 
are bound together, and the following 
note defcends. Morley, p. 7 !,, 

Cadene'ta , a very fine fort of 
needle-work, like lace. 

Cadenílla, a little chain. 
Cade'ra, the hip. In Falencia, it 
is a chair. From the Greek Cathemaij 
to lit. 

Haztr caderas, to grow fat or fpread 
about the hips. 

Cadia'r, a river ia the kingdom of 

Cadillos, the ihagged end of any 
thing that is wove, So called from . 
the Hebrew gadilim, the ends of cloth. 
It is alio a for: of knotty weed that 
grows among corn. 

Cadiz, a famous city feated in an 
ifland of the fame name on the fouthern 
coaft of Spain, without the mouth of^ 
the Streighfs, and on the coail of the 
province of Andalnz.ia, to which it is. 
join'd by a bridge. The city is feated 
on the weftermoft part of the ifland, 
and was built by the Phoenicians, who 
gave it the name of Gadir, fignifying 
in their tongue, enclos'd or hemm'd in, 
either becaufe the illand was furround- 
ed by the fea, or for the fortifications 
they hadrais'd about it, having plac'd 
their principal trade, there. The Ro- 

C A F 

mans afterwards corruptly call'd it 
Cades, and the Spaniards Cadiz. In 
the Phoenician and Roman times it 
was reckoned one of the nobleft cities, 
not only in Spain, but in Europe, but 
was afterwards deftroyed by the Moors. 
Here was once the celebrated temple 
of Hercules. At prefent i: is a bilhop- 
rick, and principal port of Spain for 
the trade of the Wefi Indies, and on 
that account reibrted to by all nations. 
It contains 5000 families, but one pa- 
riih, eight monafleries ef friars, and 
one of nuns. 

Ca'djmia, a mineral ftone iis'd in 
making brafs. 

Cadózesj gudgeons. 

Cadozo, a deep place or hole in a 
river or lake. So call'd from the He- 
brew cad, a pitcher. There is alio a fmall 
town of this name in the biihoprick of 
Oienca in Spain. 

Caduca'r, to doat. 

Caduceo, a white wand carry' d by 
melTengers in token of peace. Lat. 

Caduco, doating ; alfo weak, frail, 
periihable. Lat. 

Mai caduco, the falling fickiiefs. 


Caedizo, rvdnous, ready to fall, 
or that is fallen. 

Cae'r, Prsf^ To Caygo ; Prset. Cay. 
JTo fall. Lat. cadere. 

Caer langas del ciéloy to rain or hail 

Caer en el rájlro, to light upon the 

Cae'r el fil, the fun is fetting. 

Caer de golpe, to fall all at once with 

Cae'r alfeñuélo el halcoK, is for the 
hawk to come to the lure. 

Caer de ¡a memoria, to forget. 

Caer enfermo, to fall lick. 

Caer de fu burra, to fall from his als ; 
that is, to be beaten out of an error. 

Ko caer en las cofas, not to conceive 
or comprehend things. 

Ca V en el garlito, en la red, en el 
lapo, to fall into the Ciare. 

Caer en la cuenta, to perceive the 
miñake, or to bethink one felf, or'to 

Caer en comifo, a law-term, to fall 
within the reach of the law. 

Caer cómo mofeas, to drop like flies 
when a diftemper rages, or many men 
are kill'd in fight. 

C A F 

caia'r, to cleanfe the infide of a 

^afa'r, in cant, to efcape. 
^AíARÍ, a wild fort of porogranate ; 

C A G 

alib a clown, an unmannerly fellow, 

<f AFARÍCHE, a place to fct by pitchers 
of water. Arabick. 

^AFARÍ higo, a great wild fig. 

9AIEK.ÍA, a cottage or a village. 

Caffe', coffee, a berry growing on 
a Ihrub in Arabia Fcelix, now general- 
ly known throughout all England. 

CafÍla, a caravan of travellers. 
Alfo a fleet of merchants trading at fet 
times to any certain place. Arabick, 
Or from the Perlian kia^l, fignifying 
the fame thing, that is, a caravan. 

9 a FÍO, rude, ruftical, unpolilh'd ; 
alio unskill'd in a language. Arabick. 

9AÍÍR, the precious itone call'd a 

^a'fRa, the name of two towns in 
Spain, the one in the territory of C«- 
enca, the other in the province of £- 
firemadura. Thence el moro de fi'ifra, 
the moor of the firft of thefe two 
(afras, who they fay was of a gigan- 
tick ftature, and therefore they com- 
pare all very tall men to him. They 
alfo fay. El Niño de fáfra. The child 
of cafra, which is the latter, where 
they report there was a little boy play- 
ed at chcls better than any man. 
C A G 

^a'ga, the end, behind. Arabick. 

Ir de faga, to come behind. 

No le ■va de faga, he comes not be- 
hind, or is not inferior to him. 

faga la puerta, behind the door. 

Caga'da, a Ihitting, a furreverence. 

Caga'do, belliit, or a ihitten fellow. 

Cagadqr, a fifh call'd a fea-hare. 

Cagajón, turd. 

^aga'l, a youth, a luñy lad, a 
fwain. In Arabick it lignifies great, 
reiblute and flrong, and therefore the 
name given to youths to diftinguiih 
them from old men. The Moors cal- 
led fome particular men of note fága- 
les, which was as much as brave. 

caga'la, a young maid, a Ihepher- 
defi, a country lafi. 

cágale' 1 a, a little girl or fliepher- 

^agale'jo, a little lad or fwain. 

Cagale'ra, a loofeneis. 

^AGALiLLA, fágalíUo, z young lad, 
lafs or fwain. 

^a'gano, vid. fangáno, 

Caga'r ; Prsf. To Cago ; Prcct. Ca- 
gué, to fliit. Lat. caceare. 

Cagarólo de mar, a periwinkle. 

CagarrÚchas, goats or íhecps 
turds. Thence iron, any lictle ihiall bits 
of any thing. 


Cagatorio, a necelTary houfe, a 

Cagetín, a little box, properly the 
little boxes in which printers put their 

Cagon, a ihitten fellow. Met. a 

^agua'n, a porch or entry to a 
houfe. Arabick. 

^agua'ciue, Obf, a fale by outcry, 
an audion. Arab. 

Cague, vid. Cagar. 

^ague'ro, the lad, the hindmoft, 
that lags behind. Alfo a tree like the 

C A H 

9AHAREÑ0, coy, difdainful, wild. 
A hawk that is not well rcclaim'd. 

5AHARR0N, a fellow, who in car- 
naval time or Shrovetide, goes about 
the flreets in the moil deform'd drcfs 
and figure he can piit himfelf into, to 
make fport. From the Arabick fahar, 
to fright. 

Cahay'a, a province in the ifland 
Hifpaniola in North America. 

^ahe'nes, an Arabian coin of the 
purell gold. So call'd from the He- 
brew cahan, pure gold. 

5AHER1DO, upbraided, reproach'd. 

^aherimií'nto , upbraiding, re- 

^aherÍr ; Vrxf. To fahiero, to up- 
braid, to reproach. 

^ahie're, fahiiro, vid. faherir, 

^AHiNAs, fbps,^ brSad, honey and 
water. Ar,a|)idí^^,»¿ 

Cahíz , a mearaíé in íóme places 
containing twelve, in others eight, and 
in others lis hanegas or Spaniih buihels. 

CAHÓN, a pair of breeches. The 
word Arabick, us'd only by fome coun- 
try people. 

^ahonda'do, div'd or funk to the 

^ahonda'r, to dive or link to the 

gAHOR, whitenels, like the dawn of 
day. Arab. 

^ahÓrda, vid. Cahúrda. 

CAHORÍ, one that pretends to fee in- 
to the bowels of the earth, through 
ftone walls, or into a man's boJy ; a 
cheat put upon the ignorant. Arabick. 

^ahuíia'do, perfum'd. 

^ahuma'r, to perfume with burn^ 
ing fweets. From humo, ÜTioke, 

^ahume'rio, a perfuming. 

^ahurda, a hogfty. Met. any dark 
or diity place. 

C A I 

Ca'ja, vid. Cáxa. ■ 

Caia'do, vid. Cayado: 

K i Caída¿ 

C A li 

Caída, a fall. Alfo the depth of 
hangings, c oaths, dPc, 

^a'ida or f>iyii.t, the Moorifli pro- 
per name of a woman, iigniFying in 
Arabick, lady. It h alfo "a beautiful 
Ibrt of water-fowl, 

^AiDiA, a monaftcry of nuns, of the 
crocr of St. Bernard, in the city of f'a- 

Ca IGA, Caigo, vid. Caer.'n, viJ. Cayman. 
^a'ino, a dark chclinut-horfc, that 
has no mixture of any other colour. 
Thi in SpaÍ7i is look'd upon as a vici- 
ous horft, and therefore they call a 
tliircmbling deceitful man by the" fame 

C-AJJK, vid. Caxon. 
Cajús, the tree is not very tall, 
but thick of boughs and leaves ; the 
fruit is like an apple, red and yellow 
wichia. It 15 iingular in this, that all 
other forts of fruit have the ilone 
within, and this has it at the top, rai- 
led like a green crcft. Breaking the 
Hone, the kernel within it, roaft- 
ed, tafb like an almond, and raw, 
Lke a new nut It ripens betwixt 
February and May. Cut in quarters, 
ilcep'd in cold water, and chcw'd., 
there comes from it a cold juice, good 
for all obftruñions in the breaft. Ce- 
ynelti^ wl. 3. lib, i. cap. i. 
Ga'l, lime. Lat. calx. 
Cal viva, unflack'd lime. 
Cal por regar, idem. 
C/bra de cal y canto, fubAafttial work 
of lime andfione, 

^ala', the Moorifli prayers, devo- 
tion, or woríhip. The word fignify- 
«ng to ¿0 reverence, to refpeil or a- 

Ca'la, a fuppoiltor, A furgeon's 
frobe. A fcarch. A creek in the 
fea. A fcyon or graft for a tree. Alio 
the name of a fmall town in the terri- 
tcry oí Scvih 

Ca.'la y cata, a fearch. 
Calaba'^a, a gourd, a pompion, a 
«alabafli. Alio a crook-back. 

Frov. Aiin no ejláys en la calaba fa y 
yáfoys vinagre : You are fcarce in the 
calabaftij and do you turn vinegar al- 
ready. Anfwering to our. You arc 
fcarce out of the egg-flicli, and ib wic- 
ked already. The jcafon of the Spa- 
nifli, from travellers carrying wine in 
calabafties, and ibmetimcs putting in 
vinegar through a miilakc, wHich when 
they come to dri;ik, they wonder how 
it could turn fo icon. 

Pr&v. Nadal- Jin cc.h.oacas : To fwim 
without calabaliies. In Spain they lác 


them inñead of bladders. Thus it iig- 
iiiHcs to be able to perform ones buli- 
nefs without help. 

Mas calabúcas, more calábanles. Is 
faid when oao talks on, nothing to 
the purpofe, and great, bccaufc the 
calabafh is large and full of wind, like 
a bladder. 

Hchitr a lino calabaca, to throw a 
man a calabaih. To difappoint him of 
liis cxpeitation. Becaufe, as before, 
the empty calabafli reprefcnts his being 

Ca'scos de calábala, calabafti-skull, 
that is, rattle headed, or empty skull. 

Calaeaca'da , a blow with the 
head again't the wall. 

Calaba^a'te, a preferve made of 

Calaba^a'nos , a town of little 
note in the kingdom of Old Caft:le. 

Calaea'ys, an Indian name for 
long canes, hardned at the fire, which 
they ufe like darts. 

Calaba'za, vid. Calabaza. 
QKi.k-e,Ki\'v>k, vid. Calabacáda. 
Calaee'ra, vid. Calavera. 
Calabozo, a dungeon. At fea the 
bilboes. Alfo a prunmg knife ; and a 
kind of fifli fo call'd. 
Calabozo, idem. 

Cabria'da, a mixture of winesj ef- 
pecially red and white. 

Calabote, a hawfer, which is a 
three-ftrond rope, and may be call'd a 
little cable, for that which is one fliip's 
hawfer, will be another ihip's cable. 
Cala'do, funk through. 
Cala'do el fombrci-Oy the hat fct 
down clofe upon the head and cock'd. 

Calador, any tool to probe, or to 
thruft into any thing to fearch it. 
Calaietea'do, caulk'd. 
Calaieteador, a caulker. 
Calafetea'r, to caulk, that is, to 
drive oakham into the feams of ihips 
to keep out the water. 
Calafa'te, a caulker. 
^ a L a G a' I D A, an hubub or con- 
fiis'd noife made by rafcally people. 
A noife made by bullies, who quarrel 
a purpofe to be parted. A falfe alarm 
given an enemy to haraü him. Alio 
a fudden riling out of an ambufh with 

Calahorra, a city in the king- 
dom of Cajlile in Spain, near the fron- 
tiers oí Aragcn and Navarre, feated on 
a hillock, near the river Cida, its foil 
fruitful. The place wall'd, containing 
.••..000 houfes, three parillies, two mo- 
nafteries of fiiars, one of nuns, eight 
chapels. It is a biilioprick worth 
i^ooo ducats a year« Hence Hambre 

tj A L 

de Calahrra, The famine of Calahrra, 
becaufe it held out a (lege againft the 
Romans, till the inhabitants eat one 
another. It was antiently call'd yitlra. 
Calama'r, the cuctle lilli. Alfo an 

Calamare'jo, a fiih call'd a cala- 

Cala'mbre, the cramp. 
Calambuco, a very valuable Ibrt 
of wood brought from the Wejl Indies, 
whereof they make beads. 

Calame'nta, the herb cat-mint. 
Calamida'd, calamity. Lat. 
Calamie'nti», fearching, or pry- 
ing into. 

Calamita piedra, the loadftone. 
From the Greek calami, a ilraw, be- 
caufe it attracts flraw as well as iron. 
Calamitoso, calamitous. 
Calamón, a large bird, like a he- 
ron, that lives in water, and when he 
drinks fnaps as if he bit the water. 

Cala'ndraj a prefi for preifing 
of cloth. 

Cala'ndria, a lark. 
Cala'r, to fearch, to pierce thro', 
to fbak thro' ; alfo to flrike fail. 

Caló el agua la capa, the cloak was 
wet through. 

Cala'r el/onihre'ro, to preis the hat 
on the head and cock it. 

Calar el melón, to cut a bit out of 
the melon to tafte it, which is us'd in 
Spain before they buy. 

Calar a mo la condición^ to dive into 
a man's difpofition. 

Calar tantos pies, to draw io many- 
foot water, that is, a ihip has ib giany 
foot of her under water. 

Cah'tr el can del arcabuz, to cock the 

Calarahue'ga, a fmall town in 
the kingdom of Old Cajiile in Spain. 

Calata'ño's, a fmall town near 
the city Soria m Spain. The name 
fignifies caftle or tower of vuhures. 

Calatayi'D, a city in the kingdom 
of Arago» in Spain, íéated at the foot 
of a hill, on the banks of tj^f: river 
Xalon, in a delicious country, wall'd, 
inhabited by ;ooo families, with i 3 
pariflies, 1 1 mcfliafteries of men, and 
four of nuns. Antiently call'd Augufia 
Silbilis. The prefent name fignifies 
yob's town, becaufe it was rebuilt by 
Aynb, king of Sevi/, which in the A- 
rabiek is the fame as yob. 

Calatra'va, a city in the king- 
dom of New Cajlile in Spain, on the 
river!a?!a, i $ leagues from Toledo, 
the country fruitful. Here was found- 
ed, and from it took name the order 
of knighthood of Calatrava, inilituted 


ill the year 1158, by Sancho, king of 
CajiUej fon to yUphoriJo, call'd the em- 
peror, who taking this town from the 
Moors, which before had belong'd to 
the knights templcrs, gave it to the 
Ciftercian monks, who founded this 
order of knighthood for defence of it, 
which was confirm'd by pope Alexan- 
der III. They had at ñrlt a mailer of 
their own, but this dignity, as well as 
of other orders, was ^nncx'd to the 
.crown in the year 1485», The order 
ilill continues^in good repute. Their 
badge is a red crofs fleiiry, and their 
arms the fame crofs in a Jield or, with 
two fetters azure on the fides, becaufe 
trallas are fetters. 

Galava'^a, vid. Calabaza. 
Calave'ra, a skull, Lat. calvaría. 
Ca'lca, in cant, is the road, the 
way, or path. 
Ca'lca, a hofe. 
Ca'l^as, hofe, breeches. 
Caifas de cortes, Ilaíh'd or ñrip'd 

Calcas afolladas, wide breeches. 
Calcas atacadas, ftreighc-lac'd bree- 

Medias calcas, flockings. So call'd, 
becaufe formerly the breeches and 
ílockings were all of a piece, and ib 
the ílockings were but half the bree- 
ches, now they are only call'd medias. 
Prov. A caifa corta abujtta larga : 
Short hoíe muft have long points. 
That is, what is wanting in one part, 
muft be made up in another. 

Ca'lca de arena, was a bag half 
fill'd with fandj wherewith they us'd 
to beat lome malefaílors to death, 
without drawing blood. 

Echar a uno caifa, to fet a mark 
upon a man, to avoid him. Taken 
from the rags they tie about the legs of 
geefe or hens to know them. 

Dexar a tino en calcas y julón, to 
llrip a man to his doublet and hofe. 

Caga'rse en las culpas de miedo, to 
beftiit ruies hoíe for fear, 

Prov. Tomar las caifas de viUadiégo : 
To take riUadíégo's hofe. That is, to 
run away with all ipecd. The cer- 
tain ground of this proveii) is not 
known, but 'tis fuppos'd, that this Vil- 
ladiego was in fuch hade, that he had 
not time to put on his hofe, but run 
with them in his hand. 

Cal^a'da, a cawfey. So call'd, 
qttaji alfada^ rais'd. 

Cal^a'do, Adj. ihod. Alfo a horfe 
that has white ihanks. In cant, one 
that has irons on his legs. 

Cal fado, Subil. hofe or ihoesj of any 
Scat worn on the fccc, 


Calf ado, trod or prcfs'd down. 

Cai^-adou, a ilioeing - leather or 

Calzadura, afhoeing. 

Calcaña'l or Calcañar, the heel, 
Lat. calcaneus. 

Calca'r ; Pra:f. To calco ; Prat. Cal- 
qué, to tread under foot, to trample, 
to kick ; alio to prefs or thruil toge- 
ther. Lat. calcare. In cant, it is to 
put irons on the legs. 

Calca'r, to ilioe, to put on. 

Calfar I'ma rueda, to clap a i^one to 
a wheel that it may not run. 

Calfar herramientas , to put ileel 
edges or points to tools. 

Calfar fafalos, aguantes, medias, 
to draw on Ihoes, or gloves, or Itock- 

Calfar tantos puntos, to wear a llioe 
of fuch a iize. 

Calcatrífe, in cant, is a porter. 

Calcedonia piedra, a precious 
llone, call'd a chalcedony. 

Calce's de navio, vid. Gahia. 

Cal^e'tas, under ílockings, as 
thread or cotton, 

Calcete'ro, an hofier. 

Calcil, a bright grey colour. 

Calcina, a mixture of lime and o- 
ther ingredients for calcining. 

Calcinando, calcin'd. 

Calcina'r, to calcine. 

Calzoncillos, linen drawers. 

Callones, breeches. 

Calcorea'r or Calcoteár, in cant, 
to run ; alfo to anger. 

Calcorros, in cant, are ihoes. 

Calcde'las, little hofe. 

Calcula'do, calculated. 

Calcula'r, to calculate, Lat. 

Ca'lculo, calculation. 

Caldea'r hierro, to dip iron in 
water as it comes out of the fire, to 
harden it. 

Caldeara, a kettle or cauldron. In 
military affairs it is a low funk battery 
for mortars. 

La caldera de Vero Botero, Peter Bo- 
téró's kettle. It íignifies hell. The 
reaíbn of the exprellion I could never 
meet with ; and Covarrubias only fiip- 
pofes this Botero was fome dyer, who 
had a vail great kettle or copper, 

Caldlra'da, a kettle full. 

Calderería, a braiier's Ihop, or 
the brader's itrect, 

Caldere'ro, a braiier; alfo a tinker. 

Caldere'ta or Calderilla, a little 

Calderíno, a mountain near the 
chy ( onfuegra in Cajlile. The name 
Arabick, lignifying the mountain of 
txealbn ; and there is a tradition a- 



niong the neighbouring people, that 
there count Julian, and the reft of the 
confpiratorSj who brought the Moors 
into Spain, contriv'd their trcafon, 

Calde'ro, a kettle, but generally 
us'd for the braG bucket to draw wa- 
ter out of a well. Met. it 
broth eater. 

Calderón, a great kettle. Alfo 
the furnamc of a noble family in Spain. 

Calderue'la, a little kettle. 

Caldillo, íinall broth ; alio a 

Ca'ldo, broth. §uafi calido, becauíé 
it is eaten hot. 

Caldo esforfado, ftrong broth. 

Caldo de vino, burnt wine to fettle 
the brain in the morning, after hard 
drinking at night. 

Caldo de altramúzes, lupin, broth, the 
fame as caldo de zorra. 

Caldo de zorra que ejiá frió, y quema, 
fox broth , which is cold , and yet 
fcalds. This iignifies a man that feems 
calm and peaceable, yet is really boi- 
flerous and perverfe. \Vc fay, he 
looks as if butter would not melt in 
his mouth, and yet a none will not 
choak him. The reaíbn of the Spanifii 
iayiiig is, b»caufc they believe fox's 
Hcih IS extraordinary hot. It denotes 
an hypocrite. 

Prov. Caldo a los de Orgáz, que los de 
yévenes no quieren mas : Broth to the in- 
habitants of the town oiOrgaz, for thofe 
oÍTévenes willhave no more. Ajearupon 
the people oiOrgaz, into whole loupe, 
at a iblemn wedding, to which they 
were all invited, the people of Tevenes 
threw a red dog, whofe hair boiling 
of^, they fay the others took for faf- 
fron,and therefore they ask them, whe- 
ther they will have more broth ? for 
thofe of Tevenez will have no more. 
This is apply 'd, when a man is oiTer'd 
any thing he is already cloid with, or 
when we v/ould give a hint of lome 
fuch trick put upon him. 

Prov. Caldo do tripas, lie'n ie repi' 
cixs : Tripe broth, you make a giti^c 
noiie. Said to bafe mean perlons, 
who would feem great or tnlk much. ■ 

^ale'a, a fiirr'd mantle ; a iheep' 
skin w ith the wool on. Arab. 

^ale'aia, properly the Turkiih' falu- 
tation ; generally us'd for formality,, 
or counterfeit courreiy or krndneis. 
Arabick. There is alio a fifti fo call'd.. 

caleima'r, to make obeyfance after 
the Turkifh manner, or to be fiill of 
formality , or ufe deceitful compli- 

Caie'ndas, the calends, the firft. 
day of the month. Greek. 

'C A 'L 

Siich de la c.tlcnd.t, the eve. 

Callnda'rio, a kalcndar, an al- 

Calusta'do, warm'd, heated. 

Callntador, a heater; anything 
that heats. 

Calentador de cama, a n-arming-pan. 

CALnNTADÚR.A, a hcaciiig. 

CAt.l;NTA.MIt'NTO, idem. 

Callnta'r ; Pix-f. ToCaliento, Praet. 
Cediente; to wanii, to heat. 

Caleiittirfele la boca a uno, his mouth 
grows warm. We fay, he grows 
warm, when he grows eager, and talks 
earnelHy. The Spaniih ii taken from 
a hoife heating his mouth with cha- 
fing, which when he has done, he 
feels not the bit, but runs away ; ib a 
cian, when he is heated runs on with- 
out the check of reafon. 

Calentura, hcác or warmth; 
nioft properly a fe\ er or an ague. 

Calentura ¡juotidiana, a quotidian 
or daily ague. 

Calentura terciana, o quartma, a 
tcitian or a quartan ague. 

CaJenii'tra continua, a fever. 

Prov. Calenturas de mayo fallid pífra 
iodo el aJ-o : An ague in May is health 
all the year. We faj', an ague in the 
ipring is phyfick for a king. 

Prov. Calenturas otoñales, o muy luen- 
gas, o mortales : An ague in autumn 
is either very tedious or mortal. 

Calenturie'nto, fick of a fever 
or ague. 

Calenturíila, a little fever or 

Calenturoso, lick cf a fever or 

Cale'ra, a lime-kiln. 

Cale'ro, one that makes lime. 

Cale'ssa, a calafti to ride in. 

Cale'ta, a fuppolitor ; alfo a little 
creek in the fea ; and a pick-pocket. 

Cale'tre, a fort of cant word lig- 
nifying the noddle. 

Calfatea'r, vid. C<i/;i/c/e«c. ] 

Calí, a town in the province of 
Popayan in South America. 

Calibre, the diameter of the mouth 
of a gun, the bore, the bignefs of the 

CalicÚ, calicoe ; fo called from 
Calicut in the Indies, whence it was 
firft brought. 

C A lida'd, quality. Lit, qualitas. 

Ca'lido, hot. 
Calie'nte, warm or hot. 
Efiar caliente la béjiia, is for a bead 
to be in its lull. 

Caliente', Caliento; v'li. Calentar, 

Calificación, qualification. 

CAlIflCA'co, qualify 'd. 

<^ A L. 

CaliticadÓr, an able divine, who 
in the inquilition decides whether any 
propoiitions are orthodox or heretical. 
Califica'r, to qualify. 
Calif cxr propoftciones, to decide' whe- 
ther proportions are orthodox or erro- 

CalisÓrnia, that great trail of 
ground which lies well of New Spain 
and N^Vi! Galicia in l^orth America, and 
feparated from it by a narrow fea, tho' 
not certainly known whether it does 
not join to it at the north end, or 
whether it be an illand. 

Calig, a town in the kingdom of 
Valencia in Spain, a league from Trai' 
guera. It contains about an hundred 
and fifty houfes. 

Caliginoso, dim, dusk, dark, 
mifty, cloudy. Latin. 

Calilla, a little fuppolttor ; alio a 
little creek in the fea. 

Calina, a thick fweltry air, riling 
ike a fog in hot weather, which in- 
tends the heat. So call'd from calor, 
heat. Alio fand and lime made into 

Calípha, a caliph ; the title of the 
fuccellbrs oí Mahomet in the ibvereig.i- 
ty. The true name is Khalifab, which 
in Arabick fignifies vicar, or fuccellbr. 
Firft taken from Abubeker, who being 
chofen by the Mulfulmen to fucceed 
Mahomet, would take no title but 
Khalifah rejjone AMah, the vicar to the 
prophet or meffenger of God, which 
title his fucceíTors continued. See Her- 
belot. Biblioth. Orient, 

C a'l i z, a chalice, fuch as the 
prieft ufes at mais ; alfo the mouth of 
an aqueduñ, at which the water runs 

Calladame'nte, lilently, flilly, 
fccretly, quietly, privately. 

Calla'do, fecret, not fpoken of, 
conccal'd. Alfo a filent man, or one 
that keeps a fecret well ; cjuafi caUidus, 
becaufe a filent perfon is counted cun- 
ning and wife. 

Calladór, a man of few words, a 
filent perfon. 

Callandico, filently, quietly, ftilly, 

Callandriz, a filent woman. 
Calla'o, \'\á.CoUáo. 
Calla'r, to be filent, to hold one's 
peace, to keep fecret, 

Prov. AJ buen callar Uáman fánto : 
Good filence is call'd holineG. That 
is, to be moderate in talk is a fign of 
virtue, becaufe he who talks little is 
not given to detradion. 

^lien caUa otorga^ fileuce grants 

I,. A Lj 

Callad que tenéis porqué, you have 
reafon to hold your peace. 

dilate y callemos, que féndas nos te- 
nemos, let us both be quiet, for we 
have both our own. When two have 
refleited hard upon one another. That 
is, we have both got as good as ws- 

Ca'lle, a ftreet. From the Latia 
callis, a path. Alio an alley, or walk 
in a ¡garden. 

Calle del puerto, in gamefters cant is 
a fix at cards or dice. 

^char un negocio en la calk, to pub- 
liih a bufineis that ought to have been 

Calk abáxo y calle arriba, to faunter 
up ftreet and down. 

Defempedrar la calle, to unpave the 
flreet ; met. to gallop horfes along the 

Afotár calles, to ramble about the 

Boca de calle, the end of a flreet. 

Alborotar la calle, to make an uproar 
or noife, to difturb the neighbour- 

Por las calles fe dipe, it is a common 

Callehíta, a flreet where the 
houfes are all along contiguous, with-, 
out any interval. 

Calle'ja, a narrow flreet or lane. 

Calleja'r, in cant, to efcape from 

Callejea'r, to gad about the 

Calleje'ra, a woman that is al- 
ways gadding in the flreet. 

Callejón, oí Callejuela, a lane, or 
an alley. 

Callece'r, to grow hard skinn'd> 
like a corn. From callo, a corn. 

Calle'nte, vid. Callente. 

CallentÚra, vid. Calentura. 

Ca'lles, a town of 8o houíés in 
the kingdom of Valencia in Spain. 

Ca'llo, a corn, or the hard skin 
srowing on labourers hands. ... Lat. cal' 

Hazér callos en el trabajo, to be en- 
ured to labour. 

Haztr calos en el vicio, to be har- 
den'd in vice. 

Callo de heiradúra, a piece of an old 
broken horfe-flioe. 

Callos de vaca, tripe. 

Calloso, full of corns, or hard 

Ca'lma, a calm, fiill weather. 

Prov. Gran calma de agua, a 
great calm is a fign of rain. 

Calma'do, calm'd. 

Calma'r, tg calm, or grow calm. 


CaLíMerÍa, a calm. 

Calna DO, vid. Candado. 

Calofrío, a fit of a fever and ague, 
ho: and cold. 

CaliíRIÓso, one fiibjeft to ague- 

Caloma'r, the fong or cry of failors 
when they hale a: a rope all together. 

CALÓNA,a thing that pierces or links 

Caloña, a meafure of half an ar- 

CalondRon, hot pottage. Barba- 

CalÓnge, a canon of a church. 

Calongia, a canonlliip of a church. 

Calónia, or Caloña, Obf. for ca- 
Irmmia, a calumny, a llander. 

Calor, heat, warmth. Latin. 

Caloroso, hot, earneft, warm. 

Ca'los, a territory in the province 
oiP/orida in North America. 

Calostro, the firil milk in the 
breaks or dugs after a birth, the beell- 

Ca'lpe, a mountain in S^ain upon 
the Itr^ights ( f Gibraltar, oppolite to 
another in Afnck, call'd Avila, both 
call'd Hercules's pillars. 

CALPisq.UE, the cant word for a 

Ca'lthra, a marigold, Obf. alio a 
fort of autumn violet. 

Cal'va, the bald part of the head. 

Calva'r, in cant, to cheat, to de- 

Calva'rio, the place where dead 
mens bones are laid together : alfo 
mount Calvary. 

Calvatrue'no, a bawling, noiiy, 
rattle-headed fellow. The word niT- 
tical and clownilh. Covar. 

Calve'z, baldnefs. 

Calumba, a root oí Bombajfa, that 
cures all forts of fevers, dilTolv'd in half 
a pint of water, which the patient is 
to drink morning and evening, i. Well 
ground with limon juice, it is good a- 
gainft all forts of loofeneis, drinking it 
and laying the root to the belly. 5 . 
Pounded in like manner with tiipa, it 
cures the gripes proceeding from cold ; 
but if caufed by heat, it muft be ufed 
with cold water. 4. If a woman can- 
not be deliver'd, though ihe be given 
over for dead, give her of this root in 
wine, and the child vi-ill come from 
her. 5. Dilfolved in water, it cures 
all bites of fnakes and other venomous 
infeds, drinking the water ; ' or, if 
there be not opportunity of preparing; 
the water, let them chew the root", 
and fwallow the juice ; and thus i: is 
§Qpd againft any ppifon taken inward- 

C A M 

ly, and againft poiibn'd arrows. 6. It 
is of great ufc for worntn who have 
not their due courfcs, boiling the root 
in half a pint of v.atcr till half be 
confumed, and giving her of it morn- 
ing and evening. 7. The fame root 
taken inwardly in powder or drank in 
wine, is excellent for women with 
child, if they go beyond their timé, 
and their lives be defpair'd of. 8. It 
is alio good againft the eryjijiclas, drank 
in limon juice, and bathmg the place 
afteded, 9. For the tooth ach, apply 
a piece of it to the place, and it heals. 

Calumerte'nto, mouldy, or rufty. 

Calumnia, a calumny, ailander, a 
falfe accufation. Latin, 

juramento de calumnia, a law-term, 
being the oath the plaintili" takes, that 
he does not bring his fuit out of malice. 

Galumnia'do, flandered. 

Calumniador, a llandcrer. 

Calumnia'r, to (lander. 

Caluña, vid. Calumnia. 

Caluñado, vid. Calumniado, 

Caluña'r, vid. Calumniar. 

Ca'lvo, bald. Lat. 

Calúra, Obf vid. Calor. 

Cali; roso, hot. 

Calza'do, vid. Cal fado. 

Calza'r, vid. Calcar. 

Ca'lzas, vid. Caifas. 

Calze'tas, vid. Calcetas. 

CaLZete'ro, vid. Calcetero. 

Calzina'r, \\ó,. Calcinar, 

Calzones, y\¿. Calcones. 

Calzue'laSj vid. Calfuélas, 


Ca 'ma, a bed. Etym. uncertain. 

Cama de arado, a furrow. 

Cama de freno, the cheek of a bridle. 

Cama de liebre, the form where a 
hare fits. 

Cama de melón, the bed a melon 
grows on. 

Cama de ropa, the pieces put to a 
cloak or fuch like garment, to make it 
hang round. cama a un negocio, to contrive 
the compaiTing a buiinefs. 

Prov. jNiinca os acontcfca la cama 
iras la puerta : Never place your bed 
behind the door. Becaufe of the wind 
that comes in at the crannies. 

Prov. §uién mala cama haze, en ellafe 
yiiZe : He that makes an ill bed lies in 
it. That is, if a man does his bufineü 
aukwardly, he. will be at the trouble 
of it. 

Prov. Cuma de novio dura, y fin hoyo : 
A bridegroom's bed muft be hard, and 

1 without any dent in it. The reafon 
they know. 

CA M' 

CAMArii'o, a fine none cut with 
figures riiing, not deep like a fcal. 

Camagiie'v, a pro\ince in the i.ianJ 
of Cuba in America. 

Cama'l, a_ halter for a horfe or o- 
ther beaii: made of hemp. From the 
Hebrew gamal, a rope or cable. It 
fometimcs fignifies a chain they put 
upon run- away llaves. 

Camaleón, vid, Camekon. 

Ca.mamú, a mountain in the pro- 
vince of in South America. 

Cama'na, a valley in the kingdom 
of Peru in Soiilh America. 

Cama'ndula, a pair of beads to 
pray by, having only thirty beads, or 
three tens. 

Camandule'ro, one that makes 
beads for praying; alio an hypo- 

Ca'mara, a bed-chamber. Greek 
cantara, an arch'd I'oom. Sometimes 
it is ordure, or excrement. 

cámara de arcabuz, o pié fa de ar- 
tillería, the chamber of a gun. 

cámara in country towns is a pub- 
lick granary. 

Caniara, the furname of a noble fa- 
mily of Pcrtugal, of which three no- 
blemen are defcended ; the chief the 
count de Calleta, captain of the iiland ■ 
of Madera ; the fccond the earl oiA- 
touguia, who has chang'd his furname ; 
and the third the earl of Villa Franca. 
They came from a fervant of prince 
Henry of Portug¿il, by whoie order he 
difcovered the iiland Madera, and was 
the firft captain and commander of it. 

Conféjo de cámara, vid. Conféjo. 

penas de cámara, vid. Penas, 

Camara'da, a companion, a come* 
rade, a fellow-foldier, a bed-fellow. 

Tirar por camaráda, to íhoot volleys 
from feveral parts upon one mark. 

Camara'je, what the country peo- 
ple pay for putting their corn into the 
publick granary. 

Cajiaranchón, a garret, a cock- 
loft, a room without any cieling. 

Ca'maras, a loofeneis, a flux. 

Camare'ro, a chamberlain ; alio a 
valet de chambre ; and he that takes 
care of the corn in the publick gra- 

Camare'ra, a lady of the bed- 

Camare'ta, a little chamber, a 

Camarilla, ideml 

Camarín, a fmall withdrawing- 
room, or a clofet. 

Camarista, one that keeps no 
houfe, nor lives with any company, 
but-only has a room in a houfe, and ■ 
I nothing 


nothing to do with the reft of the fa- 
mily ; a private lodger. 

Camarlk'kco, vid. Camarero. 
Camaroja, a ibrt of endive. 
Camarón, a ihrinip, or prawn. La 
tin camarín. 

Camarón', a promontory of the 
province of Ucndur.xs in K-rtb America. 
Camaronl'ra, a net to catch 
ihriiiips or prawns. 

Camarote, the round houfe, which 
is the uppermoll room of the ikrn of a 
fliip, and commonly the mafter's cab- 
bin. It is alio the c;(bbin in a fliip. 

^am^'rra, a garment of (liccps- 
skins with the wool on, worn by flicp- 
hcrds. Arabick. 

Prov. La pamárra mala házia mi la 
¡Jna, y la buena Ja carnuza afuera : 
The garment of fliecp-skins, if bad, 
irniA be worn with the wool next me, 
nnj if good, the flcfli iidc outwards. 
So that good or bad the wool mull be 
n«:;t a man. 

camarrea'oo, beaten, thr.ifli'J. 

^amarreador, one that beats or 
thraihcs, a hackney fellow. 

^A.\iARRi;ADÚRA,a beating Or thraíh- 

^amarrea'r, to beat, to thraih, to 
cudgel. From famarra, a ihepherd's 
coat ; therefore like the Englifli ex- 
f reflion, to' thrañi a man's coat. 

camarre'ro, one that makes gar- 
ments of iheep-skins. 

CAíiARRÍLLA, a little garment of 

fomarriUa yerba, the herb penny- 

^AMARRO, a finer ibrt of garment 
than the f amarra, being made of lamb- 
skins, for the better ibrt of people. It 
is alfo lifcd for a great lubberly fellow. 
Alio a fort ofmulical inilrument. 

CAM ARROJA, the herb endive, or 
fuccory. This word only ufed in the 
kingdom of Valencia. 

CAMARRON, \\A. famárro. 

C a'm As,or Camhas,t\ic pieces put into 
the bottom of a cloak or other garment, 
to make it hang round even every way. 

Ca'mas, a town in the province of 
Atid-iluz.ia in Spat», half a leaoue from 
Scuil, has not above loo houfes, one 
parifn, and one chapel. 

Caima'ta, a province of the king- 
dom of Peru in South America. 

Cimatones, the chains in a fliip, 
to which the fluouds are made fail to 
the fliip's fide. 

Cameahijos, an-Amcrican people 
¿1 the weftcrn parts of /Ji>í:;J/)<rí'». 

Cambalache, barter, exchange of 
^coOs one for another. 


Ca'/.ibas, the pieces put into the 
bottom of a cloak, or other round gar- 
ment, to make i: hang round ; call'd 
alfo camas. The pieces that make the 
round of a wheel, call'd the fellies, 

Cambia'do, exchanged. 

Cambiador, a money-changer, a 
banker. In cant, one that keeps a 

Cameia'r, to exchange, to return 
money by bills. 

Cambie, a town in the province of 
And.thizia in Spain, two leagues from 
yaen, contains 500 houfes, one parifli, 
three chapels, and an hoipital. 

Ca'mbio, exchange, return of mo- 
ney by bill; alio a bank, or a banker. 

Dar a cambio, to put out money to 

Tomar a cambio, to take up money 
at intcreft. 

Cambio féco, ufury,. extortion. 

ca'mbo, fplay-footed. 

^'anbóa, a citron. Arabick, 

ca'mera, vid. zixmhra. 

Camera'v, cambrick ; fo called be- 
c.Tufc firft brought from Cambray in the 
Low Countries. 

Cambre'ro, Obf. for Camarero. 

Cambrón, a hemp or flax-pit, a 
place to ftecp hemp in ; alfo the com- 
mon thorn. 

Camerone'ra cachariica, buck- 
thorn, or purging buckthorn. 

Cambúx, a mask, or a veil to cover 
the face. Arabick. 

Came'drias, germander, or Engliflr 

Cameleon, a camelion, and an 
herb of the fame name growing on the 
rocks by the fea-iide. 

Camele'te, an heavy piece of brafs 

Came'lla, a flnall piece of wood 
or board, that hangs under the yoke, 
or the yoke itfelf ; quafi gemella, from 
coupling. A word little ufed. 

Camelle'ria, the ofiice of a camel- 
keeper, or a place to keep them. 

Camelle'ro, a camel-keeper. 

Came'lló, a camel. Lzt. camehs. 

Prov. Tragárfe un camello, y no poder 
pajfíir un mofquíto : To fvvallow a ca- 
mel, and flrain at a gnat. 

Came'lló Pardal, a monfirous 
creature, very tall before, and very 
low behind. 

Ca.melnónes, the ridges between 
the furrows in plowing. 

Camelote, camlet, fo call'd becaufe 
m'ade of camels hair. 

CamfÓr, via. Alcanfor. 

CamÍ^a, vid. Cami'fa. 

Caíhica DAj vid. Cami/áda. 


Camice'te, vid. Camiféta, 
Camilla, a little bed. 
Caminador, one- that travels or 
goes much. 
Camina'nte, a traveller. 
Prov. Caminante can/ado fubira en 
a/no, Ji no alcanfa cavallo : A tired 
traveller will get upon an afs, if he 
has not a horfe. 

Camina'r, to travel, to go, • to 

Camínha, a town in Portugal, three 
leagues from Viana, on the fea-coaft, 
contains 500 houfes, one pariih, one 
monaftcry of friars, a houfe of Miferi- 
cordia, and an hofpital, fends deputies 
to the eortes, made a dukedom by king 
Ph/Hp the fourth of Spam, anm 1641. 
and the honour beflow'd on D. Peter 
Portocarrero, eighth earl oí Medelh», 

CaminÍllo, a little narrow way, % 
lane, a path, an alley, or cauieway. 
Camino, a way, a road, a path. 
Camino real, the king's high-way, a 
great road. 

Canmio pifoneado, a common beaten 

Camino de Santiago en el cielo, that 
part of the sky call'd the milky way. 

Camino carretero, the cart-way, that 
is, the great beaten road. 

Camino de la plúta, a Roman way 
in Spain between Merida and Salaman- 
ca, made by Marcus CrajJiiS. 

Ir fuera de camino, to be out of the 
way, either really in travelling, or to 
err in opinion, or in one's methods. 

Tornar al camino, to return into th^ 
right way ; met. to be reduced to rea» 

A'fl lleva éjfo camino, that is not 

No hallar camino, to find no means 
to compafs one's defign. 

Irfe por éjfos caminos adelante, to 
wander about without dcfigning for 
any particular place. 

Andar de camino, to be upon the 
point of fetting out on a joSiney, or 
to wear travelling-cloaths. 

Poner a uno en qui'itro palos por los 
caminos, to put a man's quarters upon 
poles on the high-ways. 

Prov. Camino de Santiago tanto anda 
el cox o cómo el fano : On the road to 
Santiago, or S. parnés, the apoflle's 
tomb in Galicia, the lame man travels 
as fall as the found. That is, if they 
arc both on horfe-back ; or rathei-, be- 
cauie all pilgrims travel ib leifurely, 
that the lame may keep up with the 

Piov. §¿j!r'n anda al rciez, anda el 
tamii.o dos -íc'zes : He that goes the 



wrong way, muft go it over twice. 
Things wrong done coil double the 

Prov. fiando fueres por camino, no 
¿igiis mal de tu enemigo: When you 
travel on the road, do not ipeak ill of 
your enemy. Leit he take the advan- 
tage of your being abroad, and revenge 

Prov. §iiién fiémhra en el camino, 
cánfa los bueyes, y pierde el trigo : He 
that íbws in the highway, tires his 
oxen, and lofes h"is corn. 

Prov. §iiién déxa camino real por 
tieréda, piénfa atajar y rodea : He that 
leaves the high way for a path, thinks 
to cut ftiort, and goes about. Becaufe 
fee often lofes his way. 

Prov. En largo camino, y chico mefon, 
conoce el hombre fu compañón : A man 
knows his companion in a long way, 
and a little inn. Long experience in 
travelling, or the inconveniences of a 
poor inn, loon difcover a man's tem- 

Prov. Camino de Roma, ni múla 
coxa, ni bdl/a Jioxa : He that travels to 
Rome muít neither have a lame mule, 
nor a purfe ill provided. Becaufe the 
way is long, and bad in many places, 
and Rome a dear place. 

Prov. Camino de dura mulo, o múla : 
For a long journey a he or íhe mule. 
That is, they are better than a horfe, 
flronger, and more lañing. 

Camís, an old Spaniln word ufed 
in ceremonials, and lignLfying a white 
linnen wide loofe garment down to 
the feet, like the alb, worn by priefts 
at mais. 

Camisa, a ihirt or imock. S.ljtdo- 
rus, ]. 19, c. ii. fays, Camifias voca- 
mus, quod in his dormimus in cámis, 
idejl, in Jlratis m/iris. 

Camifa de pechos, a woman's finock 
that is cut open down the breaft. 

Camifa de cera, a thin covering of 

En,.Xár a uno en camifa, to ilrip a 
man to his Ihirt. 

Saltar en camifa, to jump out of 
bed, or run away in one's Ihirt. 

BJlúr la mugér con fu camifa, is for 
a woman to have her courfes, becaule 
íhe ought not to ihift her fmock whilñ 
íhe has them. 

Vflar el hombre con fu camifa, is for 
a man to be drunk, not able to fliift 
his ihirt. 

Tomar la mugir en camifa, to take a 
woman in her fmock ; that is, without 
any portion. 

Prov. Mas cérea eflá la camifa que 
elf ayo: The iliirt is nearer than the 


coat. To iignify that our kindred and 
friends are nearer to us than firangers, 
and muft be firft relicv'd in cafe of ne- 
cellity; or that we muft ferve our 
fclves before the neareft relations. 

Prov. La camifa de niiéflra nóhia 
cuerpo de lino, faldas de ejidpa: Our 
bride's íhiock has the body of tine lin- 
nen, and the tail of hempen cloth. A 
faving houfewife that appears gay, and 
wears indifferent things next her skin. 
Prov. Camifa y toca negra no fácan 
ánima de pena : The fmock and black 
veil do not deliver a foul out of pain 
or purgatory. That is, wearing a 
black veil, and foul linnen, and fuch 
outward formalities as widov\s ufe up- 
on the lofs of their husbands, do not 
avail them, or arc of no ufe. 

Prov. ^ie'n bien hila larga trae la 
camifa : She that fpins well wears a 
long fmock. That is, a good houfe- 
wife may afford herfelf good linnen, or 
takes care to have it. 

Camisa'da, a camifade, a fudden 
aflault or furprizc upon an enemy, fo 
called becaufe the foldiers that per- 
formed it ufed to put on their ihirts 
over their cloaths to know one ano- 

Camise'ta, a little ihirt or fmock. 
Caaiisílla, or Camifita, idem. 
Camisola, a half fhirc with large 
fleeves, and reaching down but a little 
below the wafte. 

Camisón, a great ihirt or finock ; 
alfo a frock. 

Camisóte, Obf. for armour, as alio 
for an alb, a ihirt, or fmock. 
Caaiíta, a little bed. 
Caauto, a fort of fruit growing 
only in the ifland oí Cuba. It is ex- 
adly like an orange on the outiide, and 
within has a white and red pulp of a 
fweet tañe. The tree is as tall as a 
pear tree, the leaf on one fide is green, 
and on the other of a cinnamon colour. 
Gemelli, vol. 6". 1. 7. c. 8. 

Camocípe, a fmall river in that 
captainihip of Brax,il called Siara. 
Caaiodadór, a juggler. 
Camodamie'nto, juggling. 1 

Camoda'r, to fell, to exchange, to 

^Aimóra, y'ú. Zamora, 
Camotes, a root in the Wefl Indies 
commonly eaten, which roafted ferves 
inftead ofpulfe or fruit, or for a defert. 
F. yof Acoft. nat. hift. W. Ind. L 4. c. i S. 
p. 140. 

Campa'l, belonging to the field or 
campaign ; as 

Batalla campal, a pitch'd battle. 
Campa'naj a bell. jLat. Sometimes 


it is ufed to iignify a church. 

Campana in architeflure is the main 
body of the capital of a column. 

Campana de queda, the nine or ten 
a-clock bell, which warns all perfons 
to be at home. 

Tales dieKmoi fe diven a la campana, 
thofe tithes are due to the bel!; that 
is, to the church. 

Campa'na, a town of about 400 
houfes and one pariih, in the provmce 
oí A)idalux.7a in Spain. 

Prov. Campana cafcúda motea fán.t t 
A crack'd bell will never be found. 
That is, a rattle-brain'd fellow will 
never be wife. 

Prov. ^al es la campana, tal es la 
badajada : As the bell is, fo the ftroke 
or ibund is. That is, if a fool fpeaks, 
you muft expeft no wifdom from him. 
Campana'da, the found or ftroke 
of a bell. 

Campana'do, made in the Ihape of 
a bell. In cant a buckler. 
Campana'rio, the belfrey. 
Campanea'r, to ring. 
Campane'ro, a ringer; alio a bell- 

Campanil, the belfry. 
Campanilla, or CampaniUica, a 
little bell, alfb a bubble in the water ; 
alfb the herb bindweed. 

Caaipa'ña, the country, a cham- 
paign, a plain country ; a campaign. 

Campaña rifa, an open plain with-, 
out any incumbrance. 

íiéfas de campaña, field-pieces. 
^ampa'do, run, thruft, orclapt into.' 
Campa'do, befhit. 
^ampa'r, to rufh into a place, to 
thruft, to clap in fuddenly. 
Campa'r, to ihit. 
Campeador, a title of honour gi- 
ven to the famous Spaniih commander 
againft the Moors, Ru'y Diaz, figni- 
fying the fcourer of the field, or he 
that exerts himfelf above others in the 

CaaiPea'r is for any thing to exert 
or ihow it felf. In old Spaniih it was 
to fcour the field, not ufed now ia 
that fenfe. 

CamI'e'che, a city aiid fea-port 111 
the province of Tucatan in SorthAme- 
rica,m 19 degrees of north latitude, and 
50 leagues fouth-weft of the cityMerida. 
This place gives its name to the Cam- 
peche wood brought from tJience, and 
us'd in phyfick, and by dyers. 

Campe'ro, one that looks to a field, 
or an oiScer to clear the country of 
criminals. f 

Campesino, of or belonging to tiie 
field i wild, favage, ruftick. 

g Cawpe'stRE, 


Campe'stre, belonging to the field, 
rurfc, ruftick, wilJ, favagc. 

Ca.mpila'n is an Incliau name for 
a (bit of cymitar ufcJ in the Molncto 
IjLinds, and other parts adjacent. 

Campillo, a little field ; alio the 
name of a little toivn of only eighty 
houfes in the kingdom of falencia- in 

El CamfIllo de Aren'as, a town 
in ArJaluzia, 4 leagues fi'om the city 
yaeti, fcated in a plain under the hills. 
It contains 100 houics, one pariih, and 
one chapel. 

Campiña,, the champaign country. 

Campion, a champion. 

Ca'mpo, a field ; alio a camp, an 
army, and the field in heraldry; alfo 
fpace or room. Lat. campus. In filks 
or fluffs it is the ground on which the 
flowers are. 

CAtrrpo ráfi, a plain open field with- 
out hill or tree. 

Cámfo fráncí), free liberty to fight a 
duel, or the like. 

Canrpo traviéjfo, a-crofs the fields or 
ways, as they go that have loft them- 

Campos Elyfas, the Elytian fields, 
whither the poets feign'd the fouls of 
good men went to reft. 

Brfias del campo, all cattle that live 
abroad in the fields. 

Hombre del campo, a country-man. campo, to make room, to clear 
jjhe people out of the place; to fight a 

Defciibrt'r campe, to find much mat- 
ter tctalk oí: 

^:tedó por vofiíros el campo, we gain- 
ed the field, we got the day or the 

Prov. Tn el campo de Barahcna, mas 
vale mala capa, que buena hazcona : 
In the field oi Barahcna a bad cloak is 
bcttci than a good fvvord, weapon, or 
javelin. Either becaufe the place is 
cold, and the cloak is better againft it 
than armour ; or becaufe it is infefted 
with robbers who carry fire-arms, a- 
gainft whom poverty, fignificd by a 
bad cloak, is a better defence than a 
good weapon. 

Prov. fiando no dan los campos, no 
han los faníos: When the fields do not 
produce, the faints have it not. That 
is, in bad years, when there is no har- 
veft, there are no offerings. Where it 
is not to be had, the king lofes his right. 
Campo de la Verda'd, in Spain 
there is a fmall town of this name. It 
alfo (ignifies the place where the oe- 
jieral judgment is to bi ; ib call'd, be- 
faufe there the truth will appear. 


Ca'mpo Mayor, a town in PoriU- 
gal near Elvas, towards the frontiers 
of Ejiremadura, wall'd, has a caftle, 
is fcated in a fruitful foil, inhabited by 
1100 families, has but one pariih, one 
monaftery of friars, a houfe of Miferi- 
cordia, an hofpital, and fix chapels ; 
it fends reprefentatives to the cortes. 

^AMPÓííA, an oaten pipe, a miifical 
inftrument ufed by fliepherds. 

^ampoña'r, to play upon an oaten 

^AMPOÑE RO, one that plays upon, 
or makes oaten pipes, 

Campseau, a port in New France 
in tlorth America. 

íampuza'r, to plunge a thing under 

CamÚi;a, ftiamois, wild goats lea^ 

Camue'^a, a pippin, 
Camue'^o, the pippin-tree. 
Camue'za, Camuéz.0, as Camuesa, 

Camúza, íhamois leather ; alfo a 
wild goat, of whofe ^in that leather 
is made, 

C a'n, a dog. Lat. cams. Alfo an 
inftrument co draw teeth, the name 
of a fifti, and the ace upon the dice. 
In architefture the end of timber or 
none jutting out of a wall, on which 
in old buildings the beams ufed to reft 
called cantilewrs. 

El can del arcabuz, the cock of the 

El can de Tartaria, the cham of 

Prov. §uién bien quiere a Bellran, 
bien quiere a fu can: He who loves 
Berirand, loves his dog. Love me, 
love my dog. 

Prov. Si quieres que fe figa el can, 
dale pan: If you would have the dog 
follow you, give him bread. 

Prov. Can que madre tiene en villa, 
nunca buha ladrída : A dog that has 
his dam in town never barks well. It 
is meant of fervants that are town- 
bred, who feldom prove good, becaufe 
their parents ipoil them. 

Prov. Can que mticho lame, fángre 
faca : A dog that licks much, draws 
blood. That is, people who fawn very 
much get fomething by it. 
Ca'na, a grey hair. 
Teynár canas, to be old and grey. 
Kefpetar las canas, to honour old 

Canaba'lla, a fort of boat made 
in former times of oilers and reeds co- 
ver'd with leather, and daub'd with 
pitch and (¡ofin. 


Canada', the country of New 
Trance in '¡^orih America, conquer'd by 
the French, north and weft of New En- 
gland, the principal colony in it ^ebec. 
It takes name from the great river Ca- 
nada, otherwife called St. Laurence^ 
which runs above 500 leagues up the 
country, and is t\txy where naviga- 
ble, but for fome great falls there are 
in it. Its entrance is 30 leagues wide, 
and feveral great rivers difcharge theru- 
felves into it, 

ZANAHORIA, a carrot, Arabick. 

Cana'l, a channel, a canal, a gut- 
ter, a trough to convey water. 

Corren las canales, the Ipouts run, as 
when it rains. 

Guiar una cofa por fus canales-, to 
carry on an affair in the proper chan- 
nel or method. 

Prov. fiando corren las canales, n» 
fálgas de tus umbrales : When the 
fpouts run, do not go over your thref- 
hold. That is, go not abroad in rainy 
weather, if you can help it. 

Canales de coliina, the flutes in a cot 

Cana'les, the name of a family^ 
as alfo of a town and marquifate in 

Canala'do, wrought with round 
hollow channels as columns are ; fluted.' 

Canale'tas, a Cnall town in the 
biftioprick of Cuenca in Spain. 

Cana'lla, the rabble, the multi- 
tude, the mob. From can, a dog, as 
if no better than dogs, 

Canalúchoj. a fmall fort of boat 
or canoe. 

Cananóa, a fmall territory in the 
captainftiip of St. Vincent in Brajil. 

Cana'rias, theCanary Jjlands, for- 
merly c&WedlnfuU Fortunata ; they are 
feven in number, call'd, Lanfordte, 
Fuerte-ventiira, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, 
Gomera, Hierro, and Palma ; all lying 
between 16 and 50 degrees of north 
latitude, and near the coaft of Africk. 

Canariba'mea, a Cnall tcs^'n in 
the province of ^ito in South America. 

Cana'rio, a canary bird, or a na- 
tive of the Canary iflands. 

El canario, an old Spanifli dance, 

Ca'nas, grey hairs. 

Prov. A canas honradas no ay puertas 
cerradas: No doors are ihut againft 
honeft grey hairs. That is, all refpeft 
is to be paid them. 

Prov. Canas fon, que jw funáret¡ 
quándo comiénpanpor los aladares : They 
are grey hairs, and not moles, when 
they come at the temples. An aniwer 
to old fellows, who would call their 
grey hfairs moles. 



CaNa'stá, a great basket, á pan-' 
nier, a flasket, Lat. 

Canastillo, or Qajtafiilla, a little 

Cana'stoj a great basket, pannier, 
or hamper. 

Ca'nbio, vid. Cambio. 
<;a'nca, a fmall leg, a fpindle fliank, 
tbat part of the bird's leg which has 
no fleih on it. 

Cancabux, a veil to hide the face. 

íjancadílla, a trip ; alio a skip or 
hop i a fnare, a cheat, a fraud. 

(¡ancajea'r, to tread aukwardly, 
kicking up the heels. 

^anca'jo, an ill-ihaped ftriking-out 

(¡ANCAjóso, one that has fuch an 
ill-ihap'd heel. 

Ca', the diltillation of a tree 
in Arabia, ufed to perfume, mix'd with 
myrrh and florax, and medicinally. 
Lat. cancamum., Ray, p. 1846. 

cancanilla, vid. cancadi'lla. 

^ANCARRON, a bare foot without 
flelh; a hough of bacon. Arab. 

Cance'l, a piece of wainfcot to 
hide a chimney in fummer, or to fet 
before a door that ftands open, to hin- 
der the light into the room. But moft 
properly it is only an iron or wooden 
grate confining of pieces or bars, which 
hinder the accefs to the place, but not 
the light, as the grates of nunneries, 
lattice-windows, or doors of iron- 
bars, ufed in gardens, or the like. 
Alfo rails or rows of banifters, as be- 
' fore the altars in churches, &c. From 
the Latin ccwelli, whence we call the 
■ chancel of the church. 

Cancella'do, cancell'd, 

Cancelladór, a canceller. 

Cancelladura, or CwceUamitiito, 
a cancelling. 

Cancella'r, to cancel. 

Cancella'rio, a chancellor. 

Ca'ncer, a cancer in the flefli ; 
alfo-or >of the \i figns of the zodiack, 

'Cancera'do, that has a cancer. 

Cancera'rse, to grow to a cancer, 

Cancille'r, or cfjanciUer, a chan- 
cellor, fo call'd becaufe he fate within 
a cancel, or barrier to keep the people 
oft, and hear their caufes ; others fay it 
comes from cancellár, to cancel or blot 
out any thing he found amils in grants 
that came to pafs the feal. 

CANCiLLE'RiA,the court of chancery . 

Canción, a ibng. 

Camion feguida, a long fong or bal- 
lad, which runs on telling a iong flory. 

Cancioncília, a little fong, a 


Cancioneadór, a finger or maker 
of ballads. 

Cancionea'r, to ling. 
Cancione'ro, a muiick-book. 
CANcioNE'TA,a little fong, a ketch. 
^ANCO del pié del cavttllo, that part 
of the horfe's hoof to which the ihooe 
is nail'd. 

^a'ncos, fiilts, fuch as boys go upon ; 
alio wooden clogs or pattens. 
5ANCÚD0, long-legged. 
ca'ncudos, long-legged gnats. 
Canda'do, a padlock. 
Candados de los ojos, the eye-lids. 
Prov. Candado Jin íormllo da la ha- 
ziénda al -uezmo: A padlock without a 
fcrew gives the goods to the neighbour. 
That is, fecures nothing, becaule a 
ftaple is eafily drawn. 

Cándale TON, the garnet, which 
is the tackle with which aboard ihips 
they hoife up all casks arid other 
goods, unlefs they be too heavy, as 
cannon, or the like ; it comes from 
the head of the niain-maft juft over'the 
hatch-way, to let goods into the hold. 
Candaliza, a rope aboard ihips to 
hoife fail. . 

Ca'ndamo, a fort of dance ufed in 
Spain, fuppofcd to be brought from 
Candi a. 

Candea'i, vid. Candial. 
Cakde'da, the flower of the cheft- 
nut or wallnut-tree. 

Cande'la, a candle. In fome parts 
of Spain they call the fire by this name ; 
and the bakers call the fire in their 
oven fo. Lat. 

Acabarfe la candela, is for life to 
draw near an end. 

Bflár con la candela en la mano, to 
be at the laft gafp, holding a candle in 
one's hand, as is ufed in other parts. 

Acabafe la candela, the candle's at 
an end. That is, the concluiion of the 
bulinefs draws near. Taken from the 
fale by inch of candle, becaufe when 
that is out, the bargain is concluded. 

Candela'ria, Candlemas, the feaft 
of the purification of the blelled virgin, 
Febr. i, 

Candele'ra, a bawd ; alfo a wo- 
man that fells candles at the church 
doors, for people to offer at the altars. 
Prov. Vefpiiés de mala y hechizéra, 
tornófenos candelera : After being wick- 
ed and a witch, file turn'diandle-feller. 
That is, a woman that has committed 
all villanies, and can thrive by none, 
at laft turns hypocrite or bawd. 

Candelera'zo, a blow with a can- 

Candeie'ro, a candlefiick. 
Candeltro de tinieblas, a candlefiick 


made of three pieces of wood fct in x 
triangle, fix'd upon a high foot with 
the point of the triangle up, and down 
the two fides there are fourteen can- 
dles, and one on the top point, which 
burn at the tenebrti, or matins, fung in 
the churches in the evening on H'cdnef- 
day, Thursday, and Friday in the holy 

Cande'lica, a little candle. 
Candelílla, the fmall wax-candle 
made up in books. 

Hazcr la candelilla, an expreflion 
ufed by boys, by whicli they mean 
Handing oh their hands or heads with 
their heels up. 

Ca'ndia, the ifland oiCandia in the 

Candia'l trigo, the beft wheat, 
which makes the fineft bread. 

Candial pan, the fineft white bread. 

Ca'ndido, white, purc,fincere. Lat. 

Candil, a lamp, and particularly a 
little fort of lamp made of iron, open, 
and hanging by a long hook, v.ich 
which fervants light themfclvts about 
the houie, and when they do not go 
about, they hang it up by the fame 

Bfcoge'r una ccfa a moco de candil, to 
chufe a thing by lamp-light. That is, 
curioully, with much care. Taken from 
chufing of eggs againft the light of a 

Prov. Poco aprovecha candil Jin nté'- 
cha : A lamp without a wick is of lit- 
tle ufe. 

Candila'zo, a ilroke "with fuch a 

Candilada, a fpot of lamp-oil. 

Candile'ja de yudios, little lights 
ufed by the Jews in fome ftftivals. 

Candile'ra, the herb mullein. 

Candile'ro, one that makes lamps. 

Candiota, a tun and butt, a great 

Candiote'ro, a cooper. 

Candonga, an idle itory, a fable, 
a tale. 

Candoxgue'ro, a romancer, a 
great liar. 

Candor, whitencls ; alio fincerity. 

CandÚxo, in cant a padlock. 

Canece'r, to grow grey-hair'd. 

Canecillo, vid. CanezHlo. 

ijane'fa, vid. Cenefa. 

Cane'la, cinnamon. This excel- 
lent bark, now fo well known, is 
taken oft" a tree about as big as an 
orange-tree, with a leaf like that of 
the laurel, and a fmall fruit about as 
big as a wild olive. There are abun- 
dance of thefe trees on the coaft of 
Malabar, but the beft cinnamon is that 
Si. o£ 


oftheidind of Ce^kn. The tree has 
two barks, and the cinnamon is the 
fccond, which being taken oí and laid 
on the ground, turns round with the 
heat of the fun, and grows red, whcre- 
&s at fin't it is of an afli-colour. Eve- 
ry three years there comes a new bark 
upon the trees. Tlic Arabs call cin- 
namon /jW<Tí:/í'/i,/f//i-/^J, qxof'ii) aiul 
gunfeen ; the Chinefcs, danhini ; the 
people of Ci^hn, whence the beft comes, 
cuanio; thofe of Malaca, caifmaii ; 
the Malabars, camiaop. The Canarints 
call the cinnamon, Uchi, and the tree, 
giacclra, and all together, techigiacdra. 
In Greek and Latin it is cafia ; in 
Spanifli and Portüguefe, canela ; in 
Prcnch, camUe ; in Hebrew cittamon ; 
and in the Turkifli language, danhini. 
Cinnamon is the true cirmamonnwi of 
the antients, and there is no difference 
betW'Cen it and the cajfia lignea, but 
that the' former is better than the o- 
thcr, and comes from the ifland Ceylon, 
as has been faid, as the worft does 
from ^aoa, and the coaft of Malabar. 
Iht cinnamon w hich locks whitiih is 
not well curM, that which is blackifli 
is over dry'd, and the true red is in 
pcrfeftion. It is hot and dry in the 
third degree. Acofi. Kaf. Biji. of the 
£. Ind. where fee more of this matter, 
p. I, &c. 

Canela de America, cinnamon of A- 
merica ; the tree is of a midling fize, 
the leaf like laurel, green all the year, 
it bears a fruit in the fliape of a little 
hat» the crown and brim no bigger 
than a crown piece, the colour deep 
purple both within and without, fmooth 
within and rough without. On the 
top of the crown of the hat is a nib by 
•which it hangs to the tree. The brim 
is about as thick as a crown piece, the 
upper part thicker. This fruit has ex- 
actly the tafte and fmell of cinnamon, 
and is put to the fame ufes, but the 
bark of the tree has neither fmell nor 
tafte of cinnamo:i. Monardes, fol. 98. 

Cane'la, a territory in the king- 
dom of Peru in South America. 

Canlli'te, a fcoop, fuch .is is us'd 
to throw up water with, and fuch as 
the Indians ufe inftead of oars. 

Canelón, a great long comfit. 

Canelones, a fort of laihes, thick 
at the ends, to fcourge with. 

Cane'na, a town in the province 
of Ar.dalitzia in Spain, a league from 
vheda, and the fame diftance from 
Baeca, of about 400 houfcs, one 
parifh, four chapels and an hofpital. 
It belongs to the marquis of Cama- 
rafa. : ' 


Canequí, a thin fort of linen, 
fomething like muflin. 

Ca'nes, in architeiiure are the fame 
we call modilions, being certain fup- 
ports in form of corbes, cartouzes or 

Cane't, a town of 300 houfes, un- 
der one parifti, in the kingdom of Va- 
lencia in Spain, 

Cane'z, grey-headedneis. 

Canezíllo, a bragget or corbel, 
which is a jetting out of ftone or tim- 
ber fix'd in a wall to fupport the tim- 
bers of a ftrudure. 

Ca'nfora, vid. Alcanfor. 

Cangilón, a great earthen veflfel to 
hold water. "Met. a great tun-belly 'd 

^A'NGAN0,vid. zángano. 

Ca'nge, exchange, as of prilbners in 
war, and the like. 

^a'nges, vid. zánges, 

^a'ngo, vid. zángano, 

Cangre'ja, a fort of crab eall'd a 

Cangre'jo, a crab ; alio the drag- 
ging-hook. Alio the cramp. And 
metaphorically, a fooliih fellow, or a 
creeping flow fellow. 

C0NGREGÍLL0, a little crab» 

ca'n JA, the trencli that is dug to lay 
the foundation of a houfe. 

Abrir las fanjas, to dig for the foun- 
dation, to begin any work. 

^anja'do, dug about with a trench, 
dug for a foundation. 

^anja'r, to dig foundations. 

Canja'r, Obf. to change. 

Canícula, the dog-ftar. 

Canicula'res, the dog-days. 

Canil, in lome places they call 
bread made for dogs by this name. 

Canilla de bra¡o, the long bone of 
the arm. 

Canilia de pie'rna, the ihin-bone. 

CamUa en paño, a fault in cloth, of 
a thick thread or a loofe place. 

Canilla de texedor, a weaver's quill. 

Canilla de cuba, a tap. 

Canille'ja, a fmall ilender fliin- 

Canille'jas, the name of an in- 
confiderable town in Caflile . 

Canille'ras, armour for the legs. 
Alfo the hole of a tap out of which 
the drink runs. 

Canille'ro, one that makes or 
icUs fpiggots and faucets. 

Canina, Album Cnecum , dog's 

Hambre canina, extreme hunger. 
Canine'ro, elder. 
Canino, any thing belonging to a 
idoo. Alio the weed eall'd hound- 


grafs ; and a fort of worm that breeds 
in a horfe, 

Ca'ña, a cane, a reed ; and a mea- 
fure ufed in fome parts. 

Cáiía de vaca, a marrow-bone, a 
fliin of beef. 

Caña de meneflril, the reed for a 
haut-boy, or any fuch to be put to the 
mouth of an inilrument. 

Cáñá con maco, the reed eall'd reed- 

Caña de cclrina, the fcapus, fhaft or 
body of a column. 

Caña de pie'rna, the ihank, the ihiti 

Caña del timón , the helm , being 
that piece of timber, which the fleers- 
man holds in his hand, to govern the 

Cá7:a de pefcar, a fiihing-rod. 

Caña dií/ce, a fugar-cane. 

Caña'da, a place hemm'd in with 
reeds, a fence of reeds. Alio a con- 
duit, or pipes to convey water. And 
the marrow in the bone. 

Cañafistola, purging caflia, or 
pudding- pipe- tree. The tree is tall 
and like the wallnut in body, branches 
and leaves, growing in moft parts of 
the Eafl Indies. Ray Hifi. Plant. p. 1746, 
verb. CaJJiaJiftula. F.yóf. Acofi. in his }iat, 
Hifi. W. Ind. only fays it js a large tree 
growing in Hifpanicla, and other parts 
of the IVefl Indies, -and bearing no fruit 
but thefe canes with their pulps. But 
Chrifl. Acofi. in his N4i. Hifi. of E Ind. 
fays the leaves are like thofe of the 
peach, the flower yellow, and of no 
unpleafant icent. When the flower 
or bloflbm falls, the caifia Ihoots out of 
a beautiful green, and as it ripens 
ibon turns black, and is found of fe- 
veral fizes, from two to five fpans long, 
and this without any help of art, but 
growing naturally very good about 
the fields and woods. It is fo plenti- 
ful in Camhaya, that they fell about 
^00 pound weight of it for about three 
fhillings. It is counted tenV irate be- 
twixt hot and cold, and moifl in the 
firft degree. The Indians ufe it to 
purge choler and other humours. It 
cleanfes the blood, purges flegm and 
choler, tempers the heat of the reins, 
aíTwages fcalding urine, and cleanfes 
the uritors. Outwardly it is apply'd 
in erifipela's and inflammations. Chrifi. 
Acofi. Nat. Hifi. £.. Ind. 

Cañahe'ja or Cañabéxa, a cloven 
cane or reed. A cane us'd by ma- 
tters to ftrike boys, becaufe it makes 
much noife and hurts little. Any fort 
of reed or cane. Alfo an herb like 




Cañahe'ra, the herb HercHleth all 

Ca'ñamo, hemp. Lat. canabum. 

CañamÓNj hemp-feed. 

Cañaróya, pellitory of the wall. 

Caña'l, a place enclos'd with reeds, 
or where reeds grow. 

Caña'ma, a company of tax-ga- 

Caíí ama'^o, coarfe hemp or hempen 

Caña m a' r, a field where hemp 
grows. Alfo the name of a town in 
the billioprick of Cuenca, and the fur- 
name of a family in Spain. 

CaSama'zo, vid. Cañamáfo. 

Cañame'rAj maríh-mallows. 

Ca'ñas juego de cañas, a fport or 
exercife us'd in Spain by gentlemen on 
horfeback, reprefentiug a fight, with 
reeds inftead of lances. 

Cañave'ra, a cane or reed. 

Cañavera'!, a fpot of ground 
where canes or reeds grow. 

Cañavera'!, the name of a finall 
town in Spain, and of a cape in the 
province of Florida in North America, 
in z ■) deg. of north latitude. 

Cañavera'zo, a blow with a cane. 

Cañe'te, a town in the province of 
\Andaluz,ia in Spain, call'd by way of 
dillinflion Cañete la real, or the royal, 
four or five leagues from Anteqtiera. 
Seated in a rich foil, has 700 houfes, 
one parifli and one monaftery of friars. 
There is another town call'd 

Cañete de las torres, in the province 
of Andaluzia, eight leagues from Cor- 
dova. It contains about 1000 houfes, 
one parilli, and two monafteries, and 
belongs to the marquis del Priego. 
There is another Cañete near Ma- 
laga. ■ A fourth in Cafiile, and a fifth 
in the kingdom of Peru in South Ame- 

Cane'z, baldnefs. 

^anganÍa, vid. Zanganía, 

Ca'^jgano, vid. zángano. 

Canilla, vid. Cani'Ua. 

Canillero, a biíhop's rochet. Alfo 
as Cam'Uero. 

Cañita, a little cane or reed. 

Caniza'res, the name cf a family, 
and of a fnall town in Spain. 

Cañizo, a bed of reeds, or the co- 
vering of a cart made of reeds bound 

Ca'ño, a conduit or pipe, the fpout 
a fpring gufties out at ; a cock or the 
fpnng it felf. 

Canon, a quill, a barrel of a gun, 
a great bone of an arm or kg ;" the 
leed of corn, the nozzle of a pair of 
bellows ; a hoUow fold in a garment, 


any long round hollow thing. A can- 
non or piece of ariillcry. 

Canon de bati'r, a cannon for batte- 

Canon de mixta, the great gun in a 
galley, which lies in the middle and 
fires juft over the beak. 

Cañón pedrero, a fmall piece [to Ihoot 
flones, a pedrero. 

Cañón real, a cannon-royal, or of 
eight, which is the biggeft, carrying a 
ball of $ 3 pounds. 

Cañón doble, a double cannon. 

Canon ordinario, the ordinary fort of 

Medio canon, a demi cannon. 

Cañón tercio, a Z4 pounder. 

Cañón quarto, a i z pounder. 

Cañón de efcalera, lb archiceiis call 
the well of the ftaus, that is, the hol- 
low from the top to the bottom. 

Cañona'da, the fiiot of a cannon. 

Cañona'zo, idem. 

Cañoncíto, the diminutive of ca- 
non in all íeníes. 

Cañonea'r, to cannonade. 

Cañone'ra, the gap or loop-hole 
left open in a parapet fisr the cannon 
to fire thro', call'd the embrazure. 

Cañone'ro, a cannoneer, a gun- 

Cañók, Obf. a gutter or channel. 

Cañue'la, a little cane or reed. 

Cañuc'lo, a little pipe or conduit, 
or cock. 

C A Ñ u T e' R I A, work made with 
joynts of reeds, as cages, &c. Alfo em- 
broidery with gold purl, 

Cañute'ro, one that makes little 
cafes, like needle or pick-tooth caies. 

Cañutillo, a little joint of a reed 
or cane, or a fmall cafe, as for needles 
or pick-tooths, or the like. 

Cañuto, a joynt of a reed or cane, 
or a cafe for pens, pick-tooths, or the 
like. Alfo the herb hemlock. 

Ca'no, grey - hair'd. Alfo the fur- 
name of a family of which Bartholomeiv 
Cano was the firft that fail'd round 
the world. 

Ca'no, an ifland in the South-Sea, 
two leagues from the coaft of Nicara- 

Canoa, a boat all of a piece, being 
hew'd out of a tree, call'd a canoe. 

Canon, a canon of the church, 
from the Greek car.ov, a rule. Alfo 
the canon of the mafs, which is the 
ciTential regular part that never varies. 

Canongía, a canonfliip or preben- 

CanÓnicame'nte J canonically, 
according to the canons of the church, 


Canos'ica'to, a canonfliip or pre* 

Canónigo, a canon or prebendary 
of a cathedral or coüegiate church. 

Canonista, a canonift, a profeilbr 
of the canon law. 

Canonización, a canonization or 
declaring of a faint. 

Canoniza'do, canoniz'd or de- 
clar'd a faint. 

Canoniza'r, to canonize, to de- 
clare a faint ; fo term'd, becaufe it is 
done in form according to the canons 
of the church. 

Canoso, full of grey hairs. 

Canpana'rio, vid. Campanario; 

^anqueadÓr, a llalking fellow. 

canque'adura or Canqueamiénto,. 

^anquea'r, to fialk, to go on ftilts,, 
to halt; alfo to ramble from place to- 
place. From canea, a {hank. 

^anq.uiva'no, one that has long. 
trapilick legs. 

Cansa'do, weary, tir'd ; alio- 

Ley canfada, vid. Lef. 

Pelota canfada, a ball or bullet that 
is fpent. 

Cansa'ncio, wearinefs. 

Cansa'r, to tire, to weary. From 
the Latin quajfare, to fhake. 

Canta'bria, the province of Bif- 
cay. in Spain, bordering on France, Na- 
varre, Cafiile and Ajlurias, and on the 
north lying along the fea, call'd the 
Bay oí Bifcay. 

Canta'do, fungi 

Cantador, a finger. 

Cantale'ta, a fong or ballad. 

Cantale'ta, is alio a trick, aa 
impofition, a banter. 

Cantañe'de, a town in,. 
three leagues from Coimbra, has 400 
houfes, one pariflr, and an old palace. 
It is an earldom in the family of .Mf,*;?- 

CaNtan'te, a finger. 

Canta'r, to fing ; alfo to crow as 
the cock. Lat. 

Cantar en el potro, in cant, is to con- 
fefs upon the rack. 

Prov. Cantar mal, y porfiar, to fing 
ill and ñillgo on. To be foolifli and 

Prov. canta Marta defpués de harta f 
Martha fings when her belly is full. 
That is, the devil is good when he ii 

Cantar la fória, id eft, la fttAforutj 
to flatter a man. 

Cantar, Subft. afoDg. 

C a NT T a' R 5 s, fongs, the plural 
nuniber ofr<r»i.?rj but in fcripture the 
canticles, ~ Can- 




CASrAPvA, a piwhcr with one han- Icígiics frora íe:»//, inhabited by 500 I Cantonera put a, a coinmon whore 

¿k CO can y wini, &c 

(,ANi ARCicoor Cntarcil/o, a little 


Cantari/ra, a ihclf CO ia pitchers 

Can'takf'ro, one that makes pic- 
rhtrs or carries water, or the like in a 

Can rARi'TAS, the little round win- 
dows ill the cabbia oía galley. 

Canta'ridi;S, CanthariJcs or Spa- 
n'lli flics, apply 'd to raifc blifters, mid 
a qrcat provocacive to luft. Greek. 

Cantarilla or CwtariUc, a little 

Prov. Cantaril.o c/iie muchas vc'zes 
f.j .1 Ai fuinte, déxa la ñfa, la fren- 
te : The pitcher that £;0(.s often to the 
well leaves cither its handle or mouth. 
\, the pitcher tha: .goes often to 
the well comv.s home bioke at laft. 

.Ca'xtako, a great pitcher 10 carry 
water, deck kanthAroi. Alfo a raea- 
iiire of 11 szuuibres. 

Alma de cántaro, a dull heavy ilu- 
pij fellow, 

Lliuve a cantara, it rains by whole 
b ickcts. 

Schcr las miézes al cántaro, to re- 
turn the nuts to the urn. That is, to 
renew a controverfy that has been de- 
cided. Taken from the beans us'd to 
be can into an urn to decide matters. 

Prov. Cántaro que muelas vczes va 
a la fuente algiiza vezfe ha de quebrar : 
The pitcher that goes often to the well 
will come home broke at laft, 

Ca.vtavie'ja, a town in the king- 
dom of Aragón in Spain, belonging to 
the order of Malta, eight leagues from 
Alcaniz, feated high, wall'd, and inha- 
bited by 400 families, under one parilli. 

Cante'ra, a quarry of flones. 

Cantería, niafon's work, a none 

Canteríco de pan, a little cruil of 

Cante'ro, a mafon, a quarry man, 
-alio a corner of any hard thing, as 

Cantero de pan, a cruft of bread. 

CANTERuno, that has thick hard 
CQi'ners, or is thick crufted. - 

Canthi'no, a Ibrt of fiili unknown 
to us. 

Ca'ntico, a little fong, a canticle. 

Cántico, a little none, rock, «dge, 
or skirt. 

Cantida'd, quantity. Latin. Alfo 
the poetical quantity or length of a 

Cantilla'na, a town in the pro- 
vince of Andaltizia in Spain, on the 
ianks of the river Guadalquivir^ five 

families, in one parifli. It is an car 
doni, the title confer'd by king Ferdi 

that plies at the corners of ftreets. 
Cantone'ras del Hbri), the plates 

aiid the thud on D. yohi r.menteU de on the corners of books that are fine 


C-iN' TIM PLORA, a bottle made of 
copper, with a long neck, to cool wine 
or water, burying it in fnow, or 
fliaking it in a tub with it. The 
name trom cania y plora ; it lings and 
cries, becaufe in pouring out the liquor 
i: iTiakcs a noife, like crying and laugh- 

Cantina, a cellar. 

Ca'nto, a none, a rock, a cliff. 
Arab. Oint, a ftonc 

Canto, the li Je of any thing, as of a 
bed or the like. Alfo the hem or skirt 
of a garment. 

. Canto, a fong, linging, the iinging 
of birds, the crowing of a cock. Alio 
the depth or thickntfs of any thing. 

Di'iro cómo un canto, as hard as a 

hchar cantos, to throw the houlc out 
at the windows, to rave, to be maJ. 

Canto acordado, harmonious (inging. 

Canto Uáno, plainlbng in muiick. To 
(ing upon plain fong, fays Holder, p. 70. 
is to know the diltances of concords 
and difcorJs. 

Canto quadr.'i.'o, or canto quadro, -cal- 
led by our muficians quarte. It is one 
of the three properties in finging, 
wherein mi is always fung b fa be mi, 
and is always when you fiiig ut in ga- 
mut, Morley, p. 4. 

Canto propria, proper chant in mu- 
iick, is one of the three properties in 
linginc, wherein you may fing either 
fa, or mt in be fa be mi, according as 
it fliall be mark'd, and is when ut is in 
Cfa ut, Morley, p. 5. 

Canto muiUe or moUe. MoUe is one 
of the three properties in fingino , 
wherein y<i mult always be fung in b 
fa be mi, and is when the ut is in Vfa 
ut, Morley, p. 5, 

Prov, Bel bien al mal no áy canto de 
Hal : There is not the thicknefs of a 
lix-pence betwixt good and evil. That 
is, fortune is ib inconftant, that good 
or bad luck is but crofs and pile. 

Canton, a corner, a nook. A 
canton. Gothick cant. 

Pantona'da, a flippery trick at the 
corner of a ftreet, a cheat, a knaviih 
prank. ■ 

Dar cantonada, to flip away after 
ioing an ill action ; to cheat, to play 
the knave. 

Cantone'ra, an iron plate, fuch 
as is nail'd at the corners of chefts, 
trunks, or the like, to flrengthcn them. 

bound and adorn'd with filver. 

Cantones, the Swifs Cantons. 
Cantor, a linger. Lat. 

Cantora, a woman finger. 

Cantoya, a town in the province 
of Andaluzia in Spain, a league from 
Cafarla, at the foot of a mountain, 
contains two hundred houfes, one pa- 
riih and one chapel. 

Cantu^a'r, vid. Cantuzár. 

Cantüe'sso, the herb caflidony, or 
French lavender ; by fome call'd liica- 
dore. Ray Hijl. Plant. 

Cantuza'r, to deceive, to impoie 
upon, to feduce. 

Canúsia, a territory in the pro-, 
vince o£ Guiana in South America. 

Cani;tíllo, vid. CamtiUo. 

Canuto, vid. Cañuto. 

Canze'l, vid. Canfél. 

Ca'nzer, vid. Cánfer. 

CaÓea or Caobana, a .íbrt of red 
wood brought out of the ffe/i Indies^ 
us'd in curious works, 

Ca'os, vid. Cl:áos. 

Caosta, ib the ignorant vulgar 
fort in the city Toledo call the cloifter of 
the cathedral, it being only a groii 
corruption of claujlro, 


^a'pa, a hoe to work in a garden.' 

Ca'pa, a cloak. Gothick caapa. 

Capa de coro, a prieft's cope. 

Capa de camino, a riding cloak for 
all weather. 

Vonérfe a la capa, to lie by at fea, 
to back the fails. 

Capa de yéfo, the white walhing of 
a wall. 

capa de cera, the new dipping of 
wax-candles that are grown yellow. 

Gente de capa prieta, the better fort 
of people, fuch as in Spain w4Lr black 

Genie de capa parda, the meaner fort, 
fuch as wear fad-colour cloaks. 

Citpa, in the deicription of the efcu- 
rial, I find us'd in architecture for 
copula, where fee more of it. 

Echar la capa encima al amigo, to 
throw one's cloak over a friend ; to 
hide or palliate his faults. 

Traer la capa en el hombro, to wear 
the cloak on the fhoulder : It fignifies 
a mean man who wears his cloak unde- 
cently hanging upon one fhoulder. 

Echar la capa al toro, to throw one's 

cloak at the bull That is, to venture 

' ' aU 



C A P 

all a man has to fave his life. Taken 
from the cuftom in Spain when a bull 
runs after a man, to throw his cloak 
over his horns, by which means the 
man efcapes, but the cloak is often 
torn in pieces. 

Keñtr con capa y efpáda, to fight with 
fivord and cloak ; becaufe the Spani- 
ards in fudden quarrels wrap their 
cloak about their hand, which ferves 
them for a buckler. 

// de capa, caída, to gp down the 
wind, to decline. 

Hazér una cofa de foe apa, to do any 
thing under-hand, or in hugger-mug- 

La niche es capa de pecadores, the 
night is a cloak to finners; it is the 
proper time for deeds of darknefi. 

Echar a una capas, porijué no le tome 
el toro, to throw cloaks on a man, that 
the bull may not catch him ; is to 
skreen or excufe him that he may not 
be puniih'd. 

Prov. Debáxo de mata cápafuéle aver 
luén bebedor : There is often a good 
toper under a bad cloak. There is 
fometimes more worth and learning 
under a poor habit than in high places. 
We mull not judge of men by their 

Prov. Todos fon buenas, y mi capa no 
parece : They are all honeíl men, and 
my cloak is not to be found. . A pro- 
per expreflion when men pretend much 
honefty, and yet things are miffing, 
or ill aflions are found among them 
Capace'te, a head-piece or helmet. 
Capa'cha, a basket us'd by porters 
in Spain to carry burdens in. 

Capache''te, a little porter's baf- 

Capa'cho, a night-crow ; alfo 
great porter's basket ; a flasket, a ham- 
per, or a fiiherman's basket to keep his 
fifh in alive ; a frail to put up dry'd 
fruit, as figs or raifins ; alio a fort of 
basket us'd at the oil-mills for the oil 
to run thi 5Lgh, and to flop the dregs. 
Capacida'dj capacity, extent, or 
capaciouCiels. Lat. 

Capada'rci, a coarib Con oí Ham- 
burgh cloth. 

Capade'lla, the herb pennywort. 
Capadillo, a game at cards us'd 
in Spain, without the eights and nines, 
fo they call it gelt. 

CAPA'bOj- gelt or Iplay'd ; alio an 

Capador, a gelder. 
Capadura, gelding. 
Capaha', a diftrift in the province 
of Florida in Ncrth America. 

Capapue'rcas-j a fow-gcldcr ; alfo 

a pipe of five or fix reeds, which hei ^apateta, a skip in the air. 
blows running it along his mouth, in-| ^apatilla, a little Hipper, and tfie 
(lead of crying his trade, and is like I button of a foil. 

that which Pan is painted with. 

Capa'r, to geld, to fplay. Heb. 
capar, to cut out. 

^afa'r, to fap, that is, to carry a 
trench deep into the ground, defend- 
ing by ñeps, and covcr'd over, to get 
into the enemies works. 

Caparazón, a capariibn for a 

^apardie'l , a brook that runs 
through the town of Medina del Cam 
po in Spain, Heb. ifepardeah, or river 
of frogs. 

Campari, a lewd fort of impreca- 
tion, introduc'd by ftrangers, and ta- 
ken up by fome affecting to imitate 
them, lignifying as much as to wiih a 
man the hemorrhoids. 

Capa'rra, formerly a city in Ca- 
vile, near Ciudad Rodrigo, from which 
the Ventas de Caparra, or inns of Ca- 
parra take name. It is alfo the ear- 
neft given to bind a bargain. 
Caparrosa, vitriol or c 'pperas. 
zaparrastroso, draggle - tail'd, 

^APARRÓN, a fudden great glut of 

^apa'ta, a flipper, a piece of lea- 
ther they lay on the hook to raife a 
hinge that hangs too low. A piece 
they lay on a pillar or column under a 
beam ; vid. Modi Hon. Alfo the name 
of a good family in Spain ; and a brac- 

Capata'z, .an overfeer, or bailiff of 
lands, a chief or warden of lome com- 
pany of mechanicks ; alfo an oiEcer in 
the mines. From caput, the head, 

zapateador, one that dances and 
claps his hands on the loles of his 
flioes, or that boxes others with flippers. 
ZAPAtea'r, to curry one, to box a 
man with a flipper, to chaftife, to 
dance and clap the foles of one's feet, 
to skip or cut capers. In fencing to 
give another many thrufts without re- 
ceiving any, becaufe the buttons of the 
foiles are call'd papatiUas. 

Zapatería, the ihoe-makers ftreet. 
^apate'ras aceytiinas, olives that 
are decay'd, grown foft, and have 
chang'd colour, fo call'd becaufe they 
flink like leather. 

^apate'ro, a flioe-maker. 
fapate'ro de viejo, a cobler. 
Prov. fopatéros gente mala, Uámañfe 
primos, y no fe han nada : Shoe-makers 
are ill people, they call one another 
couCns, and are no kin. That is, they 
^ are an inlinuating falfe people. 

^APATiLLO, a little ihoe. 
^apa'to, a ihoe. Arabick papat. 
fap.ito fdtre pilar, a piece laid on a 
pillar for a beam to reft on. 

Media fapáto, a ibrt of fandal, ha- 
ving only a fole and ilraps of leather 
to bind it on the foot. 

Metcrfe en mi fapato, to c ccp into a 
flioe. We fay, into an auger hole for 

Jbidár con fapátos de Ji:hro, to wear 
iVioes made of felt, or hat. That is, 
to move very fecretly, privately. 

Prov. Cada tino fáhe adonde le fipriéta: 
el capáto .• Every one knows whcra. 
the ihoe pinches him. 

Prov. cómo tres con un fopáto, que 
el primen c¡ue fe Ikv'anta, éjfe le culpa : 
Like three that have but one flioe be- 
tween them, and the firft that gets up 
puts it on. To fignify any thing that 
is us'd by many, ib that when one ufes 
it the reft want it. 

Prov. papáto, c¡uánto duras ? ^lái'to 
me untas : Shoe, how long do you 
laft ? As long as you greafe me. Ad- 
vice to liquor ihocs that they may laft . 

Prov. papáto de amigo, la fuéla que- 
mada, y el hilo podrido : A friends Ihoe 
has a burnt fole and rotten thread.' 
That is, the ihoes bought for friendlhip 
are nought, and fo of all other goods, 
that a man had always better buy of 
ftrangers than of friends. 

ZAPATÓN, a great clouterly flioe ; 
a great flat-footed fellow. 

Capa'z , capable , capacious , that 
can contain much. Latin capax. 
Capa'zo, vid. Capacho. 
Capaze'te, a head-piece or helmet. 
. za'pe, the word us'd in Spain to" 
fright a cat. 

Capeado'r, a thief that fleals cloaks 
in the night. 

Capeadúra, flealingof cloaks in 
the night. 

Capea'r, to fleal cloaks in the' 
night. Alfo to wave- the cloak. 

Capear el toro, to throw a cloak. over 
a bull's head to blind him. 
Capella'n, a chaplain. 
Prov. M mal capellán mal facriflán .- 
For a bad chaplain, a bad clerk. That 
is, bad to bad. 

Capellanía, a chaplain's place, or 
the maintenance for a chaplain. 

Capell.^'r, a fiiort loofe Moorifli 
"arment, worn upon armour. 

CapellInt.a, a little chapel. Alfo i 
little hat or hood. And a monion oi; 
h':ad-picce, Cm-í' 


Capf'!.©, a carJinai's cap. 

Capl'o, the íícaling of cloaks in the 

CAPr.'Ro, a cloak -maker, or one 
that makes copes for churches. 

Capirúza, a capoiich, a cap or 
hood hanging behind to pull on the 
head ; a mounticr cap. 

Pi ov. Echar cipcrnfirs a U taráfca : 
To throw caps at the dragon. The 
iarafca is a vail fi.rpent or dragon they 
carry about in Sfain upon great fctti- 
va!s to make fport , fo contrivM, that 
it can ilrctch out its neck and lay hold 
of the capsof thofe who lead think of it, 
and tho' it takes never fo many they do 
not appear ; and therefore when any 
fmall matter is given to fatisfy a great 
appetite, or the like, they ufe this pro- 
verb, as we fay, Such a thing is no 
more than a man in PaiiPs. 

Capetóni-s, fo they call new co- 
mers in the li'ejl Indies. 

tAPHiR or foph'ro, a faphirc-ftone. 

Capie'lla, Obf. hrcipiUa. 

Capibarivi, a river m Braftl, 
which falls into that of Affogados, and 
then both into the Sea at Arrecife. 

Capigorrista, a fervitor in the 
univcrlity, one that lives and has his 
education by ferving fome gentleman ; 
fo call'd beeaufe they wore ccrpa y gor- 
r.i, a cloak and cap. 

Capilla, a chapel, or a friar's hood, 
or that which is faftned to any gar- 
ment ; alfo taken for the mulick, or 
clergy that make the choir. 

frov. No quiero, mas echidrfielo en 
)a cixp'lla : 1 will not have it, but 
throw it into my hood. That is, fay 
no, and take it, 

Capílla, is air» a fmall town in 
the province of 2^»fW/zi//«"<i in Spain, 
anciently call'd Mirobriga. 

Capilla'do, hooded. 

Capiilla'r, to hcxjd. 

CAPiLLE'joorC/r^///;>i>, a littlehood. 

Capillo, a hood. 

Capi'Uo de jierro, the old word for a 

Capirota'da, a Ibrt of difli, or ra- 
ther fauce made in Spain, with oilj 
cheefe, e^gs, herbs, and other ingre- 
dients, which they lay upon fome 
meat, and therefore covers it like a 

Capirote, a hawk's hood, or a 
fort of hood worn by mourners ; aUb 
a hood worn by donors as a token of 
their degree. 

Capisa'to, a garment between a 
coat and cloak, that íérves for both. 

Capiscol, a chanter, or head of a 
<hoir. Quail caput ciiori. 


Capiscolía, the dignity of a ch.^n- 
cer or head of a choir. 

Capita'l, capital. 

Capita'n , a captain, a chief, a 
commander, a leader. Quail caput te- 
ñen s. 

Capitán de ca-válks, a captain of 

Capitán de infantería, a captain of 

Capitán de la guarda, a captain of 
the guard. 

Capitán de guarnición, the governor 
or commander in chief of a garrifon. 

Capitán general, a general or captain 

Capitán de mar, a fea-captain. 

Capita'na nao, the admiral ihip. 

Capitanea'r, to command, to 
lead, to play the captain. 

Capitanía, captainíhip, the dig- 
nity or poll of a captain. 

Capite'l, the head of a flill ; the 
whole head of a column, call'd the ca- 
pital, which reaches from the upper 
end of the ihaft to the plinth, which 
bears up the architrave. Evelyn. 

Capitolio, the capitel of Jvow?. 

Capitoso, wilful, obftinate, teily, 

Capitulación, a capitulation or 
covenant, articles of agreement. 

Capitula'do, capitulated, artiel'd, 
brought under heads or chapters. 

Cafitula'r, to capitulate, to ar- 
ticle, to covenant, 

Capi'tulo, a chapter in a book, 
or the chapter of a church • the chap- 
ter-houfc ; alfo an article. From ca- 
put, the head. 

Poner capítulos, to put in articles a- 
gainft one that ftands tryal. 

Dar capítulos, to draw up articles of 
a contract. 

ca'po, vid. sapo. 

Capocay'do, hanging the head, 
undone, ruin'd. 

CapoiÍes, a ibrt of fruit in the 
WÍ/Z Indies , like cherries , with a 
ftone fomewhat bigger, and has a 
plcafant tañe, fweet and tart. F. yof. 
Acofl. lib. 4. cap. I')..- p. 1^8, fays he 
faw them no where but in New Spain. 

Capon, a capon, an eunuch ; alfo 
a fort of ihell-filh ; alfo a fillip with 
the fingers. And in Old Cajlile a bun- 
dle of vine-branches to burn. 

Capon de leche, a young capon. 

Capones, Dar capones de ceniza én 
la frente, to fmut the forehead, as íbme 
folks do at íbme íports. 

Prov. Capón de ocho méfes para méfa 
de Rey : A capon eight months old is 
fit for a king's table. 


Prov. Al (jue da el capón, dale la 
pierna, y el alón : Give che leg and 
the wing to him that gives the capon. 
That is, be grateful, and return what 
you can. 

Capona, a Spanifli dance. 

Caponadvira, gelding, making of 

Capona'r, to geld, 

Capona'ra, vid. Caponera. 

CaponcÍllo, a little capon. 

Capone'ra, a pen for fowl. 

Caponzíllo,' a little capon, 

Capora'l, a corporal. 

Capote, an upper coat or loofe 
upper garment. 

Dar capóte, to capot a man at piquet, 
that is, to. win all the cards, which is 
forty ill reckoning, whereas to win all 
but one lift is but ten. 

Capotillo a little loofe upper coat, ^ 

Capotín, idem. 

Ca'pre , a new forg'd name, as 
with us a caper, that is, a fea-rover, a 
a privatier, or pirate. 

Capricho, a fancy, a pofitive con- 
ceit or wilfulneis. 

Caprióla, vid. Cabriola, 

Capta'r, to aim at, to endeavour 
to purilie. Lat. captare. 

Captiva'do, captivated, made a 

Captiva'Rj to captivate, to make 
captive. ■ 

Captive'riO or Captividád, capti- 

Captivo, captive. 
■ CAPt;cHiNos, or Capuchos, the ca- 
puchine friars, a reform of the order of 
St. Francis, living in more poverty and 
aufterity than the others, and going 

Capullo de féda, the ball a filk- 
worm makes. 

Capullo de miembro viril, the nut of a 
man's yard. 

Capullo de rófa, a rofe bud. 

Capullo de algodón, co^'on in the 
film, as it grows, that is, not open'd. 

Capuz, a long mourning cloak 
down to the feet, loofe before, with 
a hole to put the head through. For- 
merly the common habit in Spain, for 
the better Ibrt , in time of peace. 

Capuz de gala, fuch a garment rich 
and gay. 

Capuz abierto, the fame garment 
open before. 

^apuca'do, duck'd, plung'd. 

capu^adÚra, or Capuf amiento, a 
ducking or plunging, 

capu^a'r, to duck, to plunge, to 
fink, to dive under ihe water. 


v> rv J.X 

Capurí, a river in the province of 
■Guiana in South America, 

C A Q 

^x'qve, a leather bucket. Met. a 
drunkard. Arab, 
■cac^ui^amÍ, vid. Zaquicámú 


Ca'r, Obf. for. French car, 

Ca'ra, the face, the vifage, the 
countenance. Greek cara. 

Cara a cara, face to face. 

Cara añublada, z cloudy counte- 

Cara arriba, with the face upwards. 

Cara abaxo, with the face down. 

Cara delante, facing forwards. 

■Cára atrás, facing backwards. 

Cñra de rofa, a lovely face. 

ífóteV cara, to face, to withftand. 

Dez.rrfelo en la cara, to fay a thing 
to a man's face. 

Cara con dos hazes, a double face, 
■a deceitful fellow. 

De cara de- la igléjia, over againft 
the church. 

Ko me bolvio la cara, he did not ib 
much as look at me. 
• iwj tener cara para hazér una cofa, 
not to have the face to do a thing, to 
be afham'd. 

Mojlrar buena cára, to Ihow a good 

Recibir con buena cára, to receive 
with a pleafing countenance. 

Prov. Defpofar con buena cára, y ca- 
far en hora mala : To be betroth'd to 
a fine face, and marry'd in an ill hour. 
That is, if a man marries only for a 
fair face, and has not a fortune to 
maintain him, he is married in an ill 
hour. Or if he marries a beauty, and 
then is jealous, he is no lels unhappy. 

Caraba'na, a caravan, a number 
of travellers or merchants going toge- 
ther in the eaftern countries, for their 
iecurity againft robbers. 

^araea'nda, the faraband, a dance. 

Caraee/la, vid, Caravéla, 

Carabina, a carabine. 

Caraeina'zo, a fliot, or a ftroke 
with a carabine. 

C A R A B I N e'ro, a carabinier, one that 
carries a carabine. 

Cara BO, a fort of very large Ihip 
us'd in the Levant. 

Cara'ca, a carack, a great heavy 
fort of ihip the Portuguefe formerly 
failed in to the Eajl-Jndies. It was 
alio us'd by the Genoefe. 

Cara'cas, a city and territory -in 
Korth America, which produces the beft 
cacao-cuts for making chocolate. 

V> /^ XV 

cara'(¡as, crooked pins in meat to 
choak people. Arab. 

Carail'na, the name of a town 
and marquifate in Spain. 

Caracoa, a fort of large Indian 

Caracol, a fnail, a pair of wind- 
ing ftairs that wind atout like a iiiail's 
fliell, the place where the men fit to 
vow in a boat. Arabick garagol. Alio 
riding round a horle-back. 

Caracol, a river in America, fall- 
ing into the South-Se* near Panama. 

Caracol bavdfo, a llimy fnail without 
a ihell. 

Caracolií'ar, to ride about in a 

CaracoLzÍllo, a little faail; alio 
the herb St. ¡lohns wort. 

Caracte'r, a charañer ill writing, 
a letter or fi^nificative fioure. 


caragaTona, the herb flea-wore or 

^áragóza, vid. Zaragóca. 

^aragocíes, a íbrt of plums, ío cal- 
led in Caflile, becaufe the firft of them 
came from Zaragofa. 

Caragólo , the black fnail with 
horns, and without a fliell. 

^arague'lles, wide breeches. 

Carahúelís, idem. 

Cara'jo, a man's privy member. 

Carama'l, a fiih call'd a calamary. 

C A R a M a' N T A, a town in the 
province of Popayan, in South Ame- 

Caka'mbano, a flake of ice, an ici- 
cle. Arabick. 

Carambola, a trick, a cheat, a 
a fraud, a trick to deceive. 

Carambola, a fruit growing in India, 
on a tree about the bignefs of a quince- 
tree, the leaves like that of an apple, 
fomewhat longer, of a dark green, and 
bitteriih. ' The blollbm fmall, white 
and red, and very beautiful, confifting 
of five little leaves, without any fmeli, 
and taftcs juft like ibrrel. The fruit 
is as big as a large hen-egg, long, yel- 
low, beautiful, divided into four parts 
by deep cavities, which make it the 
more lightly. Within it there are 
Cnall tender feeds ; its tafte Js a plca- 
iiuu tartncls. It is commonly eaten, 
and us'd in phyfick, being given, when 
ripe, in fevess, and preferv'd inltead of 
iharp firrups. Chnfi. Acojl. Sat. Hifl. 
E. l!id. 

Carame'l, a fort of pilchard. 

Carame'lo, a íbrt of lozenge made 
with fugar and eggs. From the Ara- 
bick carama, a dainty. 

Carame'nti-., dearly. 

Caramí'as, a fruit growing in In- 

dia, on a tree whertof there arc ÍW& 
forts, the one as big as the med!ar-trce, 
with leaves of a light green, and like 
the pear - tree leaf. ' Ihe fruit is like 
liazlc nuts, very yellow, and divided 
into quarters, the talle like a four grape, 
pleafant, and commonly eaten freih, 
ripe or faked. The other fort is of the 
fame bignefs, and its leaf lefs than than 
of the apple, growing in the woods far 
from the fca. The fruit of it larger 
than the firft, and this the Canarhie 
phylicians give with fandal in fevers. 
Chrijl. AcoJt._ Nat. Hifl. E. fiid. 

Caramilla, a fort of valuable flone 
call'd a calamite. 

Caramillo, a fmall pipe. From 
cálamo, arced, diminutive calamilio. 

Caraaho, a fnail. 

Ca'ramo, in cant, wine. 

CaramÚyo, a fort of fea fnail. 

Caramuza'l, a fmall fort of velTel 
or bark us'd \n Turkey, fo call'd by 
thofe people and the Italians, whence 
the Spaniards took the name. 

Caran^a's, vid. Carlancas. 

cara'nda, a fieve with large hcdes 
for the corn to fall through, and ftraws 
and other grofs things to remain be- 

caranda, a fort of fruit in Indi/tf 
growing on a low thorny tree, with, 
leaves like an orange - tree. It is no 
other than wild grapes of Indojiarr, 
reddifh without, and white within, 
with feeds. It is ripe in April and 
May, . Gemell. vol. 3. /. i. c. 8. 

^aranda'do, lifted through fuch a 

^ARANDAniiRA, the (iftings. 

^aranda'jas, the fiftings, chaff or 
dirt that comes from among corn, or 
the like, whence any foraps or other 
offal. A cook's fees. Alfo idle talk. 

^aranda'r, to lift vi'ith the large 
lieyc call'd parnnda. 

^arande'ar, idem ; alfo to be rel- 
iefs, moving about as a fieve does. 

carandi/ro, a lifter, or he that 
makes or fells fieves. 

C .1 K a' N G u E , a foiall town iit 
the province of §uito, in South Ame- 

Cara'íía, a fort (¿ rofin, in colocr 
and qualities like that they call taca- 
mahaca. It diftills from a large tree 
in the tt'efi Indies. Ray Hifl. Plant. 
p. 1ÍÍ47. ylcojfa fays no more of ic 
but that it is a medicinal gum. Mo- 
nardes has much of its virtues and de- 

Carantona, an ill-favour'd mask. 
A very ugly woman. 

cARAfico, or Carapfto, a fort of 
T &lf 


lea-fowJj I believe the fca-gull. Met. 
a ilrangcr that haunts aplace. 

^arata'n, a cancer. Arabick. 

Caratl'r, ViJ. CJ.araBe'r. 

Cara I'll 2 Aj barbarous for caperuza, 
but us'd i a Portugal. 

Carátula, a mask. §tiaft, cam 

Caratha'do, niask'd. 

Carati'la'r, toniask. 

Caka'va, an aiicnibly or company 
of pcafants-met together on a holy-day 
tcdivtrt thenifelvcs. 

Carava'ca, a town in the king- 
dom of Murcia in Spain, 14 leagues from 
the city Murcia, famous for a miracu- 
lous crofs there, faid to have been 
brought by an angel, feated in a dc- 
liahtful fruitful plain, wall'd, and has 
a' good caftle, the inhabitants 1000 
families, one pariili, four monaftcrics 
of friars, and two of nuns. 

Carava] a'l, the name of a family 
in Spain. 

Carava'na, a caravan. 

^arava'nda, the dance call'd a fa- 

Carava'ya, a valley in the king- 
dom of Peru in South America, forty 
leagues from Ch/cp, famous for its gold 

Garava'yo, a river and bay, be- 
tween the provinces of Cofia Rica and 
Veragua, in Korth America. 

Carave'a, the herb and feed caro- 

Carave'la, an old fafhion veiTel 
call'd a carvel, formerly much us'd in 
Spain, fiiarp before, ill-fhap'd every 
way, and all the mafts {looping for- 
wards ; their fails are all mizen fails, 
that is, triangular, they will lie near- 
er the wind than other fails, but are 
not Í0 commodious to handle. 

Cara'vo, vid. Caráho. 

Caraúz, carroufe, a word us'd a- 
moiig topers. 

Carbon, any kind of cole. Latin 

C a R E o hi a' D A, a carbonade, or 
broiling meat on the coals. 

Carboncillo, a little coal. 

Carione'ra, a coal-hole, or a wo- that fells coals. 

Careone'ro, a collier. 

CarbÓnco, vid. Carbunco. 

Carbunco, a precious ftone call'd 
a carbuncle ; alf^ a carbuncle, or red 
pimple in the face ; alfo a pocky 
or a plague - fore ; fometimes a coal oí 
fire. . 

^AR^A, a briar, a bramble, a fhrub, 
a thorn, a buflij a blackberry bulb. A- 

C A K 

Carcaeón, a hollow way. 

Carcaeue'y, a town in the pro- 
vince of Andaluzia in Spain ^ nine 
leagues from Cordova, contains 650 
houfes, one pariih, and one monaftery 
of friars. It belongs to the dukes of 

car^a'do, catch'd in the briers, or 
fcnc'd with briers. 

(ar^aga'n, farfaganéte, and car- 
cagatiiUo, diminutive' of cierco. The 
north wind, that is, when it blows 
not violently. 

^ar^aha'n, a fort of thin ftrip'd 
lilk like taftaty, us'd by the Moors. 

Carcaj a'da, a fit of laughing, 
laughing out till one cackles. 

Carca'ji;, a quiver of arrows. 

Carcajea'r, to laugh out. 

^ar^a'l, a place full of briers and 

Ca'rcamo, in cant, the way or 
the road. 

^AR^AiMORA, a blackberry. 

Carcana'Lj or Calcañal, the heel. 
Lat. calcaneus. 

No lo ha del carcañal, his diftemper 
is not in his heels. That is, it is in 
his brains. He is mad or foolilh. 

Ca'rcano, heath or fern. 

^ar^aparílla, fárfaparilla, a plant 
growing in New Spain, whofe roots 
run above a yard under ground, of a 
murrey colour. It is not known to 
bear any fruit or bloll'om. The freiher 
it is the better, and it is known to be 
new, being then tough and bowing 
every way when you would break it, 
whereas that which is old breaks ea- 
iily, and appears dufty and worm-ea- 
teu. It is of excellent ufe in phyiick, 
in infufion, made into a firrup, or in 
powder, and is good againfl; many di- 
llempcrs, and particularly rheumes, de- 
fluxions, wind, fits of the mother, or 
any other difeafe, except fevers, or 
other violent difteicpers. The water 
is too hot for thofe that are themfelves 
of a hot conflitution, eipecially if they, 
have a hot liver. But it is excellent 
for cold ftomachs, and expels wind. 
It cures many inveterate difeaies pro- 
ceeding from ill humours. It is hot 
and dry almoft in the fecond degree. 
The time for ufing the water of it is 
in the fummer, or autumn, and the 
weather had better be hot than cold. 
Monar.ies, fol. 18 and 88. 

^ar^a perruna, dog brier, eglan- 
tine ; alfo a caper bufh. 

CarcapÍilo, a large tall tree in 
Indi,'!, bearin;T a Ibrt of fruit like an 
orangs without the peel, all fcor'd like 

t. A K 

It, but not divided. It is cover'd 
with a thin fmooth iliining rind, not 
very dry, of a pale colour, and turns 
to a gold colour when ripe. The 
tafte is very harih, with a pleafant 
biting. This fruit is eaten with meat, 
and the Indians ufe it much in phylick, 
being of known virtue to flop all 
fluxes and venereal runnings. It re- 
covers the loft appetite, is good for fe- 
vcral diftempcrs in the eyes, and the 
midwives give it to bring away the 
after-birth, and increafc the milk in 
women, as alfo to help women in la- 
bour. It is cariy'd from Malabar to 
other parts. Cl.vifi. Acojl. Nat. Hfi. E, 

Carcaraña, a confiderable river 
in the province of Tucuman in South 
America, which falls into the great 
river of plate, near Torre de Gabota, be- 
twixt Buenos Ayres and Sa?ita Fe. 

^ar^a rJ/a, the wild rofe-tree. 

C a R c a's, a careáis, a mifchie- 
vous invention thrown out of a 
mortar, like a bomb, and is an, iron 
frame made like a lanthorn, the top 
and bottom hollow, with iron bars 
that join them, bound together with 
iron hoops, this is fill'd with combu- 
ilible matter, granado (hells charg'd,: 
and piftol bullets, to do mifchief in a 
place befieg'd. 

far fas de vergas, hurdles. 

Carca'va, a grave, or rather a great 
pit, fuch as armies ufe to bury their 
dead in after battel. 

Carcavea'r, to dig pits or graves. 

CaHcave'ra ptita, a firumpet that 
haunts church-yards. 

Ca'rcavo del vientre, the bottom of 
the belly. 

Carcavón, a great deep pit, fuch 
as are fometimes made by mighty falls 
of water, or otherwife. 

Carca'x, a quiver for 'arrows^ 
Greek carchejtum, 

Carcaxa'da, vid. Carcajada, 

Carcaxe'nte, a town in¿he king- 
dom of Valencia in Spain, and an uni- 
verfity, richly feated, inhabited by 
450 rich families, has one pariih, and 
one monaftery of friars. 

Carca'xes, jewels the Mooriih and 
Turkiih women wear about their legs, 
like the bracelets on the arms. 

Carcaz, a carcafs, fuch as are us'd 
in war to throw into towns befieg'd. 
^arcea'r, to traverfe ground. 
Ca'rcel, a prifon. Latin career. 
Carpenters give this name to a frame, 
in which they prefi together any frame 
work till they have prnn'd it. together, 
or when it is glew'd,till the glew holds. 
' Dar 


I)ar it uno la cafa por cárcel, to con- 
fine a man to his own houfe. 

Prov. La cárcel y la quaréfma paya 
los pobres es hecha: The prifon an4 
lent were maJe for the poor. Becaufe 
the rich buy off any crime, and always 
plead indifpoilcions to be excus'd keep- 
ing of lent. 

Carcíla'ge, or Carcelería, impri- 
fonment, or the fees of the priibn. 

Carcele'ro, a jailor. 

Carce's, vid. Calcés. 

^arce'taj vid. Cerceta, 

Carche'leSj and CarcheUjos, two 
villages in the province oíAndaluZra in 
Spain, one on each fide of that they 
cM La puerta de arenas, which is a gap 
betwixt vaft high upright rocks, benig 
a pais of the mountams in the way to 
Granada; bothof them have not above 
loo houíés. 

^ARCILLO, an ear-ring. 

farciUo de vid, the tendrel of a vine. 

^a'rcOj or fárca, a man or woman 
that has blew eyes, Arabick. 

^a'rco, an hurdle. 

Cargólas, a weaver's treadles, 
which he prelfes down with his feet in 
weaving, ^aji calcólas, from calcare, 
to trample. 

Carcole'jo, a fnail's ihell. 

Carcoma, the worm in wood, and 
the dun that falls from worm-eaten 

CaRcome'r, to worm-eat. 

Carcomido, worm-eaten. 

Carcomie'nto, full of worms, or 

^a'r^as, wicker fides, or hurdles, 
the countrymen in Spain have to put 
to their carts, to keep up their flraw 
they carry in them. 

Ca'rda, a fort of thiftle ufed to 
raife the wool of cloth ; alfo a card to 
card wool. 

Cardade'ra, a card or teazle to 
card wool. 

Cardador, a carder of wool. 

CariÍII'do, carded. 

Cardadura, carding. 

Cardamomo, the feed cardamome, 
well known, hot, but not unpleafant. 
It is ibw'd as they do all forts of grain 
with us, and the higheft runs not a- 
bove three Ipans high, the little cods 
with each ten or a dozen feeds hang- 
ing to the ftem. There are two forts, 
the greater and the lefs, there being 
no otiier difference between them but 
the fize. The Indians make much ufe 
of it in phyfick, and chew it with the 
leaf-betele, and by it' felf, to dry up 
humours, caufe a good fccnt in the 
mouth, and firengthen the flomach. 


Chijl. Acoft. nat. hift. E. Ind. 

Carda r, to card wool ; met. to 
tear the hair. 

Cardenal, a cardinal. 

CARDENA'L,a bird inAftt'íp.íWthat 
fings well, is as big as a wood-lark, 
and has not only the feathers, but the 
beak fcarlet, with a beautiful tuft on 
the head, fo call'd by the Spaniards 
from his colour. It is taken in the 
temperate parts of New Spain and Flo- 
rida, where the Spaniarils give eight 
or ten pieces of eight a bird for them 
to fend into Spain. CemeUi, vol. 6. 
1. 1. cap. 9. 

Cardenal is alfo a fear, or the black 
and blew mark of a blow. 

Cardenala'zgo, the dignity of a 

Ca'rdenas, the name of a noble 
family in Spain, whofe chief is the 
duke of Maqueda, and his eldeft ion 
call'd marquefs of Elche, 

Carde'ncha, the teazle or thiftle 
to raife the wool of cloth. 

Cardenillo, verdigreaíe. 

Ca'rdeno, of a black and blue co- 
lour, or the black and blue mark of a 

Cárdeno lirio, a flower-de-luce. 

Cardia'ca, the herb motherwort. 

Cardillo, a little thiftle. 

Ca'rdo, a thiftle. 

Cardo para c/frdar, a thiftle to card 
cloth with. 

Cardo lechéro,xhe white milky thiftle. 

cardo aljonjéro negro, o cepa caváUo, 
a Ibrt of thiftle, out of which in Spain 
they fqueeze the juice, and it ferves 
iuftead of runnet to turn milk ; call'd 
black cameleon thiftle. 

C/trdo bendito, or Cardo fanto, the 
holy thiftle. 

Cardo ejpinofo, our lady's thiftle. 

Cardo corredor, the weed fea-holm, 
fea-holly, or fea-hulver. 

Cardo peynaddr, the teazle. 

Ctirdopi'nfo, a great whitiih thiftle, 
full of white ipots. 

Cardo húfo, wild baftard faffron, or 
faf-flower. Ray hift. plant. 

Cardón, a great thiftle. 

Cardona, a ftrong town in Catalo- 
nia in Spain, three leagues from Soljlna, 
fcated on a rock of white fait, contains 
400 houfes, and two parifh-churches, 
one of them collegiate. Ereiled into a 
dukedom by king Ferdinand the fifth, 
and the honour conferr'd on D. yohn 
Ramon Folch. Cardona is alio the fiirname 
of a noble family in Spain, whofe chief 
is duke of Sejfa. 

Cardu^a'dor, a carder of wool. 

Cardu^a'Rj to card wool. 


CaRdÚcas, great cards for wool. 

Cardume, a Ihoal of fiili. 

Cardusa r, vid. Cardiifár. 

Careado, brought face to face. 

Carea'r, to bring face to face, to 

Carece'r, to want, to lack. 

Care'na, careen, or careening. 

Dar carena, to careen, which is to 
bring a fhip as Ihc floats to lie on a 
fide, in order to cleanfc or caulk what 
was before under water. 

Carene'ro, a convenient place to 
bring ihips upon the careen ; alfo a 
ihip-yard, or a dock, 

Care'ro, one that fells dear, 

Caresce'r, vid. Carecer, 

Carestía, a dearth, a great fear- 

Care'ta, a iinall territory in the 
jurifdiftion of Panama, on the ifthmus 
of America, thirty leagues from the ri- 
ver Darien. 

Care'x, a Cnall ¡Hand off the coaft 
oí Carthagena in South America. 

Care'za, fcarcity, dearneG. 

Ca'rga, a burden, a load. 

Carga de nao, the loading of a fliip. 

Carga de armas de fuego, the charge 
for any fire-arms. 

Carga cerrada, any'thing bought or 
taken upon content, without examin- 
ing particulars. 

Echárfe con la carga, to fall down 
under the burthen. 

Dar con la cargo, en el fuélo, to let 
fall the burthen, to fpoil the bufinefs. 

Dar carga al enemigo, to charge the 

Cofa de ciento en carga, a thing of 
no value, whereof there is great plenty. 

'Effo ay a cargas, there are loads of 
that, it is common and plentiful. 

Prov. Al" mdta la cdrga, ftno la fo- 
bre-.cárga: It is not the burthen, but 
the over-burthen that kills the beaft. 
We fay, the laft feather kills the horle. 

Prov. Difftmulddo como cdrga de efiiér 
col: Difguis'd like a load of dung, be- 
caufe in fome places they bind an old 
rag over a load of dung, that it may 
not featter. ■ This is faid of one that 
looks great, and takes much upon hioi. 
We have a vulgar foul faying not un- 
like it, which is, As demure as a cat 
new come from lliit. 

CaRgadame'nte, heavily, dully. 

Cargade'ra, the ftay in a ihip, of 
which fee Ejlaes. 

Carga'do, loaded, burden'd. 

Cargador, one that loads or bur- 
thens ; a merchant that lades Ihips , 
one that impofes burthens or taxes. 




CaR€ADúra, a loading or burthen- 


Carga'r; Prxf. Tj cargo, Vcxt. Car- 
gué ; to load, to burthen; to lade a 
lliip, to iinpofc burthens or taxes. In 
cant, to load a dye. 

Ctngdr cénfo fohre la hazienda, to bu r- 
thcn the cftate with an annuity. 

Cargar de pahs, to cudgel a man 
very much. 

Cargalle la Lúrra, to give a man ill 

Cargar Ja cahizA de 'iwo, to drink 
too much. 

Cargar la hJnra, to lay a blemiih 
ii]>oa one's honour. 

ZARGATONA, vjd. Zargatona. 

Garcazon, a burthen, lading for 
a ihip, a heavinefs in the head. 

Ca'PvGO, a burthen, a weight ; the 
lading of a lliip ; alfo a charge, office, 
or employment. 

Cargo de conciencia, a burthen on the 
confciejice. . 

Hazéy.cArgo, to charge. 

Tcmdr a cargo, to take charge of. 

Dar cargo de un negocio, to give one 
an aifjir. in charge. 

Ser en cdrgo, to be beholden, or to 
be anfwerable. 

Ca'rgos, articles of impeachment. 

Cargue', vid. Cargúr. 

Cari, a river in the province of 
Guiana in South America, 

Cariacontecido, one that looks 
ghaiHy, in a fright, as if fomc flrange 
thing had befallen him. 

Cariacuchilla'do, one that has 
kien woimded, or cut over the face. 

Cariagjuile'íSo, long-faced, with a 
took iiofe. 

tieek'd, like young fat boys i_ met, a 
young cully. 

Caria'n, a town in the province of 
y^r^gna near the iilhmus oí America. 

(aria'tides, aterm in architcfture, 
Cgnifying a ibrt di columns, the upper 
Jialf whereof is like the bodies of wo- 
men. with cu(hions or baskets for the 
capitals of the columns on their heads. 
They are, lb. call'd from the women of 
C.iria, who, when their country was 
conquer'd, fled with baskets on their 
heads. They are call'd by the fame 
jiarae by Englifli artills. 

Ca'riee, a caníbal, an Indian that 
tats man's fleih. 

Caricia, cherifliing, making much 
dff kind reception, lovingnefi. From 
the , Greqk charis, . bounty. In can: a 
very dear thing. , 

Cariciós{%- lovingj kind, full of 


Caricue'rdo, Ibber-look'd. 

Carida'd, charity; alio dearncfi, 
or dearth. Lat. charitas. 

Prov. La caridad bien ordenada co- 
miérifa de ft prJfio : Charity begins at 

Prov. Cariddd fdbes qual ej ? perdo- 
na Ji mal quitres, y paga lo que déves : 
Do you know what charity is ' for- 
give, if you bear ill %vill, and pay 
what you owe. Good advice, and 

Carijusto, a fanflify'd-looking 
man, an hypocrite. 

Caril, vid. Carril. 

Carila'rgo, long vifaged. 

Carilul'ngo, or Carilargo, long- 

Carilla'da, vid. CarriUdda, 

Carille'jo, vid. Carriliéjo. 

Carillo, vid. Carrillo. 

Carimacile'nto, lean-faced. 

Cariña'na, a Ibrt of bands women 
wore formerly in Spain, very large. 
Zavaleta, p. 1571 , 

Cariño, kindnefs, affeition,. love. 
From carus, dear. 

Cariredondo, round- vifaged. 

Carísa, a little face. 

Carise'a, the cloth we call kerfey, 
which they have out of England, and 
the name with it. 

Caritativo, charitable. 

Carla'ncas, dogs^ollars full of 
points flicking out to defend their 
necks againft the biting of wolves, or 
other dogs ; thence applied to lignify a 
very high collar. 

Carlea'r, to make the noife a dog 
does when he lies panting with his 
tongue out. 

Carlina, vid. Cardo aljonjéro. 

Carlingas, the catlings, which are 
the timbers that lie along the ihip from 
one beam to another, and do not only 
ferve to ftrengthen the ihip, but on 
them the ledges refi, to which the 
planks of the. deck are faftened. 

Ca'rlos, Charles, the proper name 
of a man. Alio a city in the province 
of Veragua oa the iilhmus of Ame- 

Ca'rlo sa'nto, a plant growing 
in the province of Mechoacaii in North 
America. It runs up like a kidney- 
bean, if it has any thing to climb up- 
on, or eUe Ipreads along the ground, 
is of a dark green, and bears neither 
fruit nor blollom. The root is thick, 
and Ipreads much. The bark or rind 
of it. provokes vomiting, and is good 
againft rheums and defiuxions, the pox, 
falling llcknefs, , head, and tooth-ach, 
aud womens diflcmpers. It ii. other- 


wife called Rayz, or Radix India. Ai> 
nardes, fol. 65, and 1 iS. 

Carme'l, a fort of plant, of which 
if fcorpions eat they lofe their fenfe. 

Carmelitas, the religious order of 
Carmelite friáis, begun in the twelfth, 
century in Syria, where maiiy ancho-, 
rites lived diiperfcd, and cxpofeJ to. 
the cruelty of the barbarous nations. 
Aimericus, patriarch oí Antioch, and le- 
gate apollolick, gather'd them into a 
body, and placed them on mount Car- 
melus, where the prophets Elias and 
Elifia had lived, whence they took the 
name of Carmelites, and even prettnd 
to be fucccflbrs of Elias, and of his i"n- 
ftitution. Their habit is a, fad- colour 
loofc gaiment down to their heels, like. 
a caiTock, girt about them, and over 
that a white cloak down to the ground. 
Pope Innocent the fourth mitigated the 
feverity of their firft infticution, Hence 
fprung afterwards the defcalfos,tha.t is, the bare- 
foot Carmelites ; for the order, as has. 
been faid, being fallen from its firft 
rigour, S. Terefa undertook a reforma- 
tion, and reduced it to its primitive fe- 
verity. The habit of rhefe religious is 
coarfer than that of the others, and 
their cloak lefs, and they go bare 
legg'd, wearing fandals on their feet. 

Ca'rmen, and Kuejlra Señora del. 
Carmen, are only the common names, 
for monafteries of Carmelites. 

Ca'rmen, in the kingdom of Gra- 
nada, ligniiies a garden or vineyard 
for gentry to go to divert them. Ara- 
bick, but corrupt from the. Hebrew 
querem, a vineyard. 

Carme na'do, carded, teaz'd, pick'd,, 
pluck'd, or torn. 

Carmenadura, carding, teazing, . 
picking or pulling. 

Carmena'r, to card, to teaze, to 
pick, to pull. 

Carmenar a uno, to lug a man by 

Carmesí, crimfoñ. . Arab.^wWfí. 

Carmín, crimfon. 

Carmón, a fort of fruit growing in . 
tlie Philippine jjlands, good boil'd, and 
fharpens the appetite. It is as large as 
an apple, and has a rind like an onion, 
the flefli within ihar-p and fwect. The. 
tree is as big as an apple-tree, and 
thrives well on the banks of rivers. . 
Gemelli, vol. 5, I. z. c. 4. 

CarmÓna, a city in the mid ft of the 
piovince of Andaliizia in Spain, feated 
on a craggy eminency, its plain water'd 
by the rivers Carbones and GiiadiiSia, 
which enrich it. The city has ftrong 
walls, and on them 118 towers, -3000 




houfes, 7 pariíh-churches, ^ monaflc- 
jics of men, and 5 of nuns, hofpitals, 
and chapels. 1: was anciently call'd 

CarmonÍta, a íínall town of about 
JO hoiifes in the province of Ejlrema- 
¿ura in Spain. 

Carna'cha, vid. Garnacha. 
Carnación, flelh-colour. 
Carna'l, carnal. 

Carnalida'dj. carnality, fleihinefs, 
alliance in blood. 

Carnalme'nte, carnally. 
Carnava'l, the carnaval, Ihrove- 
tide. From came and We, adieu to 

Carna'za, a great lump of flcfli; 
a-very fat man or woman ; the fltftiy 
fide of leather. 

Ca'rne, fleih. Lat. caro. 
Came humeUda, fmoak'd fleih, like 

Came falfréfa, powder'd meat. 
Came momia, mummy, fuch as apo- 
thecaries ufe ; therefore apply'd to lig- 
nify any very lean dry meat 
Carne mola, a fwelUng 
fubftance in the belly. 

Came de membrtUo, marmelade, or 
pceferved quinces. 

EJIitr en carnes, to be ñark naked. 
Tomar la mugér en carnes, to take a 
wife naked ; we fay, in her fmock. 

Comer de fus carnes, to devour or 
fquander one's eftate. 

§uerér comer, a ¿tro Jas carnes, to be 
lb enraged, that one could eac ano- 
ther's fleih. 

Día de carne, a fleíh-day, any day 
that is not a faft or abftinence from 

Prov. Came fin huéjfa m fe da ft'no 
a D. Buéfo : Fleih without bones is 
only for fuch a great man. The richer 
Ibrt would have all the fleih, that is, 
all that is good, and leave only bones 
or penury to the poor. 

Prov. Donde os comieron la. carne, 
yue roan-'kos huéffos : Where they eat 
the flefli, let them gnaw the bones. So 
faid a woman to her husband, who 
had been long rambling in his youth, 
and return'd home very poor and old, 
refuling to receive him again. 

Prov. A ckrne de lobo diente de perro : 
For wolf's fleih a dog's tooth. That 
is, everything with what is fuitable 
to it. 

Prov. carne de pecho, carne fin pro- 
vecho! The bread is unprofitable meat. 
Becaufe it is all bone, fat, skin, and 
griftle. , 

Prov. carne malograda, . primero co- 
zitia, defpHéí affáda ¡ Meat . comes ) to 


no good, firft boiled, and then roaft- ' 
cd. That is, meat twice dreil is ipoil- 

Prov. Came came cria, y peces agua 
fría ; Fleih breeds fleih, and fiili cold 
water. That is, fleih is good nouriih- 
menc, and fiih but mere water. 
Carnecilla, vid. Camez,íUa. 
Garne'iro, a village in Portugal of 
about 50 houfes, two leagues from 
Amarante, a poor ibil. 

Carne'ro, mutton, or a iheep ; 
alfo a net bag to carry fleih in, and a 
common buiying-place. 

Carnero cajlrado, a weather. 
Camero morueco, a ram. 
Carnero cojudo, idem, 
Carne'ro defmochado, a ram without 

Carnero verde, mutton cut in fmall 
piccesj and boil'd with fait, pepper, 
clove, parlley, onion, and bacon, and 
then the broth thickned with grated 
bread J parlley, garlick, and eggs. 
Carnero de las Indias, vid. Llamas. 
Prov.- Del carne'ro, la came, mas no 
el cuero : Of the iheep the fleih, but 
not the skin. That is, the fleih is good 
meat, but the skin of fmall value. 

Prov. El carnero encantado, que fué 
por lana, y holvio irafquiládo : The in- 
chanted íheep, that went for wool, and 
came away ihorn. Apply'd to one that 
thinks to gain great matters^ and lofcs 
what he had. 

Prov. Harto efia el earner», que anda 
a tejiírádas con el compañero: That 
iheep's belly is fullj who is butting his 
companion. Fulneis makes men and 
beaits wanton ; for if they be kept 
ihort, they will rather think of eating 
than dallying. 

Prov. A camero cajlrado no k tientes 
el rabo : Do not feel the rump of a 
weather. That is, ■ to fee whether he 
is fat ; for in Spain they make no doubt 
of it. 

Prov. cada carne'ro de fu pié cuelga : 
Every flieep hangs by its own foot. 
That is, every man muft fupport him- 
felf, and not hang upon another. 

Carntstole'ndas, ihrovetidc. Lat. 
carnes toJlendas, fleflr to be taken away. 
Carnezílla, fmall fleih. 
Carniza, a dellrudtion of fleih. 
Carnicería, the butchers ihambles, 
or the place where meat is flaughter'd ; 
alfo a flaughter of men as well as 

Carnice'ro, a butcher, or aflaugh- 
ter-man,- or a hang-man. 

Carnicol, a huckle-bone ; alfo a 
play among boys with huckle-bones. 
C.iRNÍEAj vid, Camila. ■ 


Carnosida'b, flcfhineis, carnoííty. 

Carnívoro, ravenous, a great de- 
vourtr of Hcih. Lat. 
Carnoso, flcihy. 
Carnudo, idem. 

Ca'ro, dear, precious. Lat carur. 
Hazcr el caro, a fea-phrafe, to tack 

Lo har.ito es caro, what's cheap iS 

dear. Becaufe cheap things arc feldom 

good. We fay, the belt is beil cheap, 

Caróeo, a foit of Turkifli veflel ; 

alfo the carob-trce. 

Caroli, a river in the province of 
Guian.t in S^uth America. 

Carolina, the moil northern part 
of the great province o( Florida in North 
Amirica, planted by thcEngiifli in the 
year 1665. So call'd from king Charles 
the fccond. There are in it two towns^ . 
Chtirles-Town and Albemarle, 

Carona, a horfe's hide on the back 
and withers. In cant, a Ihirt. 

Mala carona, a horfe's hide that is 
apt to gaul. 

Blando de carona, tender-skinn'dj . 
lazy, unfit for labour. 
Carona, carrion, 

Ca'rpa, a carp; alio a fort of moth ■ 
that fpoils cloth, 

^arpa'da la áncora, the anchor* 

^ARPADURA de áncora, weighing au-i- 

^arpa'r la áncora, to weigh an-' 

^a'rpas, daggles of dirt ; alfotrou* 
ble or vexation-; alfo whores or bawdy- 

^ARPASTRÓsa, daggled. 
Carpa'zo, a blow with the hand 
that has dabbled in the dirt, 

Ca'rpe, a tree with a rugged black 
bark, by iome called the yoke-tree. 
Carpeda'l, a grove of fuch trees. 
Carpe'sa, a town in the kingdom 
of Valencia in Spain, a league from thef 
city I'alcfjcia, of fmall note, having , 
not above So houfts. 
, Carpe'ta, a carpet. 

Carpintería, the carpenters 

Carpinte'ro, a carpenter. 
Carpiírtéro de carros y carretas, a caxW 

' Carpid- o, rent, torn, cloven^ 

Ca'rpio', the name of a fmall town 
in CafiiL; and another in Andah.-zi'a ; 
the latter on the banks of the- rr\'er 
G:iadalqui-jir, fjve leagues above Cordo- 
v.'ij coiitsining 1000 houfes^ a caftlej > 
one pafiihj- one moiufter^jyoiK^'hóípi-' 



tal, anJ three chapels, aiid belongs to 
the n-.aic]'jiTs tielCnpio. 

Cahi'ir, to rciiii, to tear, to cleave, 
to fcratch. 

^ARPoso, dangled with dirt. 

ZARRACATÍN, oiic that biiys and 
fclb very hard. 

Carra'n^as, vid. Carlancas. 

cARRANCATiN, a mifcr, one that 
haggles much for all he fells or buys. 

Carra'nca, or Carranza, a town 
in the kingdom of -Levn in Spain, lix 
leagues from thc'ciuy Leon, ftated in a 
fruuful j>!ain, wall'd, and contain ^ 
300 houfis an<i one parifn Alfo the 
furnamc of a good family in Spain. 

Carranchosa, a town of atov.t 
600 inhabitants, one parifli, und three 
chapels, in the province oí Bj. remadura 
in Spain. 

Carra'nq.üe, a bird inPir«.as big 
as a crane, with violet c lour feathers, 
and a great yellow copple-crown. 

Carra'pa, a territory in the pro- 
vince of Popay.rn in South America. 

zarrapastro so, draggle-tail- 
ed, dirty. 

Carra'sca, the holm-tree. 

Caruasca'l, a grove of holm-trees. 

Carra'sco, the holm tree ; alio the 
furnamc of a family in Spain. 

Carrascosa, a town in the ti- 
ihoprick of Cuenca in Spain. 

Carras Q.ut'Ño, of, or belonging 
to, or like the holra-tree. 

Carre'r, in the Catalonian tongue, 
is a fireet or road. 

Carrl'ra, a carrier, a courfe, a 
race, a run ; alio the place where they 
run races, or tilt. In cant, a flreet. 

Abrir catrera, to make a lane, to 
dear the way to run, 

Pajj'ár /¡I carrera, to run over one's 
ground ; met. to do one's duty, or 
play one's p?rt. 

Relujar la carrera, is for a reflive 
horic not to anfwcr the fpur ; met. to 
rcfufe to do what is required. 

Parárfe en medio de la carrera, to 
flop in full carreer; met. to diCnay, 
to fall off one's heat. 

I'rov, Ko hará carrera a tin ciego: 
He will not make way for a blind 
man. To exprefs the height of ill- 
nature, that one will not put a blind 
man in the way when he is out of it. 

Prov. A'ma a quien no ie ama, re- 
Jponde a quién no te Uama, correrás car- 
rera llana: Love one that does not 
love you, anfwer one that does not 
call you, and you'll run a fruitlefs race 
That is, you'll bellow your aífeñion 
or your care in vain. 


Carrerue'la, a little run, as chil- 
dren take ; alio notches in hair ill cut. 
CARRt TA, a cart, from the Lat. 

Hale tornasola ctnrUa, the cart has 
run over him. Meant of one chat is 
crippled with the pox, as if a cart had 
run over him. 

/)• por mar en carreta, to go to lea in 
a ca.c. To expreis the impoiribi:ity of 
a thing. 

Carreta'da, a cart-load. 

Carretería, loading for carts, the 
carman's trade, and tlic place where 
carts ply. 

Carrete'ro, a carter. In cant, a 

ym/ir cómo an carretero, to fwear 
like a carter ; that is, very lewdly. 

(.."arrltil- A, a little cart. 

HaZir carreaUa, an exprelllon ufed 
by boys, when pUying with their caft- 
ing-tops, one fpüts another. 

Cakre'xo, th¿ carriage by cart. 

Carretón, r. i'.ttle cart or wheel- 
barrow ; alio a child's go-cart, and a 
carriage icr.a c?tincn. 

CarrÍi,a, \i.'. carr:'za. 

Carri^a'!., vid. Carrizal. 

Carrito, vid. Carrizo. 

Carricoche, a caküi with two 
wheels drawn by one hone ; fo caJl'J, 
becaule between a cart and a coach. 

Carril, a cart-wheel ; alfo a cart- 

Carrilla'da, the cheeks ; aUb the 
greaie of a hog's cheek. 

Temblar a carrilladas, to quake till 
the teeth chatter. 

Carrilla'do, a man that has great 
checks ; alfo full of cart-ruts. 

Carrillo, a cheek ; alfo a little 
cart ; alfo a pulley. It is alfo the iai- 
name of a family in Spain. 

Tener buér.os carrillos, to have good 
cheeks, to be fat and plump. 

Comer a dos carriUos, to eat with 
both jaws ; that is, greedily. Met. to 
pleafe two parties. 

Llevdr el bocado de un carriUo a ¿tro, 
to turn one's meat from one fide to the 
other ; that is, to eat without any ap- 

Carrillo, a town in the province 
of Andaluzia in Spain ; it contains a- 
bout t¡ 00 houfes, one pariih, three cha- 
pels, and an holpital. 

Carrilludo, one that has great 

Carriola, a truckle-bed. 

Carrion de los Condes, a town 
in Old Caftile, lb call'd becaufe of ma- 
ny earls it was fubjedl to, four leagues 
ibuth of Saldaña, fourteen well of 


Burgos, £t.vii\ north of Palencia, and 

lixteen call of Leon ; feated in a rich 
foil on the banks of the river Carrion. 
It is wall'd, was formerly very great 
and populous, but at prefent has only 
600 houfes, ten parifti churches, two 
monallcrics of nuns, and four of fiiars, 
hofpitali, chapels, almshoufcs, and a 
grammar fchool. Suppofed to be the 
anticnt latercattcia. 

Carrion de los Ce'spedes, a 
town in the province oí Andaluzia in 
Spain, on the mountain four leagues 
from Sevil, contains 100 houfes, oac 
pariih, and two chapels. 

Carrion, a river that rifes in the 
kingdom of Leon, and falls into the 
Duero, between Valladolid and Siman- ■ 


(Jarrion^íllo, a iliiall town in 
OldCajl'la in Spain. 

Carriza, fedge, or íheer-graís. 

Carriza'l, a place grown over with 

Carrizo, fedge. 

Ca'rro, a cart, chariot, or wain. 
Lat. ciirnis. It is alfo the conftellatioii 
which we call the Charks-wiia, 

Carro falcate, a chariot ufed in for- 
mer times fet with iithes and other 
cutting tools flicking out on each fide, 
which they drove with all polfible fury 
among the enemies in battle, to bear 
chcm down and break their ranks. 
Lat. curnts falcatus. 

Piov. Lo que ha de cantar el carro 
c.tnta la carreta : The finall cart creeks 
as the heavy wain ihould do. This 
they fay, when he complains who has 
Icalt caule, and the other, who lias re- 
ceived the wrong, fays nothing. 

Prov. ^ién fu carro unta fus bueyes 
ayuda : He who greafes his cart, helps 
his oxen. Becaufe the wheels greas'd 
draw with eafe. It fignifies, that he 
who ufes his fervants well, enables 
them to ferve him. 

Carroca, a coach. 

Carrosma'tos, fliip-can%<;gcs for 
guns. Vid. cureñas. 

Carróz, the furname of a noble 
family in the kingdom of Valencia in 

Carrua'ge, or Carruaje, loading 
for carts, carrying in carts, or a num- 
ber of carts. 

Carruxa'do, rumpled, or gather'd 
very fmall. 

Ca'rta, a letter, a leaf of a book, 
a card, a map, or fea-chart. Latin 
charta, paper. 

Caria de efpéra, a letter of licenfe to 
give a man time to pay his debts. 

Carta de venta, a bill of fale. 

Í, Carta 


carta de pago, an acquittance. 

Carta de fago y lajjo, a difcharge 
oivcii to one that has been bound, and 
pays the debt for another, that he miy 
recover the coits as well as his princi- 

Carta de marear, a fea-chart, being 
a geo graphical defcriptian of fca-coails, 
with the true diltances, heights and 
courfes, or winds laid down in it. 

Carta de mifo, a deed for an annui- 

Carta de horro, a difcharge to a flave, 
by which he is made free. 

Carta mijj'jva, or familiar, a familiar 
or miilive letter. 

Carta de concejos, or de chancilléria, 
an order of council, or decree in chan- 

Carta de defconimunion, the inftru- 
mcnt declaring any perfon excommu- 

carta cuenta, a bill or account. 

carta nova, ib they call in the king- 
dom of Valencia any paper of news, or 
any ftrange accident, which is fold a- 
bout the Itreets. 

Carta pécora, parchment. 

Carta blanca, cart-blanch, when a 
man has never a court-card in his 

Ctirta de guia, a note given to one 
that travels m a ftrange country, for 
people to put him in his way, and not 
nioltft him. 

Carta de fegiiro, a fafe conduift. 

Carta falva guarda, idem. 

cartas, playing cards. 

Dar cartas, to deal the cards. 

Cartas picantes, a cheat of leaving 
feme few cards a little larger than the 
reft, that the oullies may always cut 
upon them. 

Pecar por carta de mas, o por carta 
¿e menos, to be over or under. 

Cartas de llamamiento, the fame as 
our writs for parliament, being a fum- 
mons for the members of the cortes to 
meet. ^.^ 

Kazon de curta rota, the reafon or 


Cartagl'na, a city and fca-port 
town in the kingdom of Muraa in 
Spain, wall'd, and has a flrong caiile, 
the country about it moft fi-uittiil. It 
contains iioo houfes, one parifli, four 
inonaileriLS of friars, and one of nuns. 
Antiently called Carthago Kova, or 
New Carthnge. 

Cartagena is alfj a province or go- 
vernment in South America, lying be- 
tween the illhraus of America, called 
Tierra frme, and the government of 
Santa Marta. The principal city of 
the province bears the fame name, is a 
bilhoprick, an cxcelknt harbour, and 
well forcify'd, 

Carta'go, a city in the province 
o^ Fopayan \n South America, 2,5 leagues 
diltant from the cny Pop ay an. There 
is another city of the fame name in the 
province of Cofia Rica, on the iilhmus 
of America, 40 leagues from Niccya, 

Ca'rtama, a territory in the pro- 
vince of P.'f « in Scuth America 


Leer a lino la cartilla, to read the 
primer to one. That is, to deal vciy 
plainly with him. 

CARTisriTis, old tattcr'd papers, 
or old fuperiiitious prayers. 

Carton, palt-board. In architc- 
iturc the fcroU on the head of the co- 
lumn of the lonick order, call'd the 

Cartucho, a cartridge to charge 
any fire arms with. 

Cartuxa, or Cari lixos, Cartlujians, 
the religious order inilitutcd by S. Brn- 
710 m the year 1084, who retired to 
a defert mountain in Danphine, in a 
place call'd Cbartreufe, which gave 
name to the order, the French ftill call- 
ing it by that name, and all other na- 
tions, with only fo much difference as 
commonly the corruption of different 
pronunciations caufcs. They obferve 
almoft continual fall and filence, never 
eat tkfli in the grcateft extremities. 

any parcel of writing put together ; a 
fchool-boy's theme, or copy-book, or 
a fcroll for memorandums. 

Razo7Í de cartúpacio, an anfwer or 
faying long itudied, and nothing to the 
purpofe ; becaufe it looks as if ic were 
taken out of fome fcholar's theme-book, 
or the like. 

Cartapl'lj a long icrcll of writ- 
ing, coniiiting of many papers tack'd 
together in length, to be read dpwn 
without turning over leaves. 

Cartavon, vid. Cartabón. 

Carta'ya, a town in the province 
of And.tluz.ia in Spain, on the fea- 
coaft, has 700 houfes, one pariih, and 
ont mbnatlery of friars. 

Cartea'rse, to keep correfpon- 
dence by letters. 

Cartecíllo, m'ú. Cartezillo. 

Carte'l, any papers fct up in the 
corners of ftreets, or in publick'places ; 
a challens^e, a defiance, a libel. 

Carte'la, a board, or ftone in a 
the fentence of a torn letter. That is, wall or other place to write ibme in- 

nevcr go abroad, and wear hair-cloth 
C.a'rtamo, wild or baltard zafran. ¡next them. This has always been fo 
Cartapa'cio, a ilkch'd book, or ftrittly obferv'd, that the order has 

nonfenfe. Becaufe when a letter 
torn, and a piece wanting, all the fen- 
tences remain imperfeft. 

Hablen cartas, y callen barbas, let 
letters , fpeak, and tongues be filent. 
' That is, let the matter be referr'd to 
writings, not to what men fay. 

Prov. Ko firmes carta c/ue no leas, 
ni be'vas agua que no was : Do not iign 
any writing which you have not read, 
nor drink witer which you have no: 
leen ; that is, feen whether it be clear. 
Carta EON, a tarpenter's fquare. 

fcription upon ; any pane, or pannel. 
In architecture it is the fcroU of the 
lonick order, call'd the Voluta. 

Carte'ra, a letter-cafe. 

CaRte'ro, a letter-carrier. 

Carth'ta, a Spanifir game at cards. 

Cartezíllo, a little paptr, fche- 
dulc, or letter. 

C.ártído, a little cask or" barrel to 
keep conlerves in. 

Cartilla, the firft book children 
in Spain karn to read in, Ulie our pri- 

never been known to fvvcrve from its 
firft inftitution. Their habit is all 
white within, their fcapular join'd on 
the fides by two pieces of the fame 
ituff ; but when they go abroad, they 
(that is, the prior and procurator of 
each monaflery, who muil look after 
the affiits of the houfe ; for the otheis, 
as has been faid, never ftir out) thefe 
then wear a black cloak down to the 
orounJ, and a black hood over the 
white, their hood not round, but ta- 
pering to a point. 

Carvajal, the furnameof.a noble 
family inSp.nn, the chief of them mar- 
quefs of yodar, under which title fee 
more of it. 

Carvalle'da, or Nuéfira Señora de 
Carvallida, a town in the province cf 
Venezuela in South America, So leagues 
from the city Venezuela. 

Carúma, a territory in the kingdom 
of Peru in South America. 
CarvÓn, "vid. Carbon. 
Carvone'ro, vid. Carbonero, 
zarzaganillo, vid. Cerzegaw'Uo. 
^arzaha'n, vid. Zarzahán. 
CARZÍLLÓ, vid. carcUlo. 
ca'rzo, vid./¿r/£>. 
Z a's, a fram'd word to imitate the 
found of a cudgel, or to reprcfent it J, 
as we fay, flap. . 

C a's a, a houfe, a family. It is 
fometimea ufcd in the plural, cafas, 
fpeaking of tlie houfe of fome great 
man ; as. Las cáfns del duque, the 
duke's houfe. From the Lat. cafa, a 



«ttagc ; bccaufe the fiífl houfes were- 
ail fuch. 

C.»/» ííe la woaáU, tjic mint. 

Ci/.í lie Mtia, the temple at Mecca, 
where A/.i/oOTí/ was buiyM. 

Cii/ít pagífa, a thatch'd houfe. 

Otjj «<;/, a royal palate. 

C'lft de oración, a houfe of prayer, a 

CAfa de religión, a monaftery, or re- 
ligious hoiifc. 

Cáj'ii de apro'jació», a noviccfliip. 

C-i/a projrjj'a, a monaftery of religi- 
ous pcrlbns profcfs'd. 

Qi/a de contratación, a hou(é for 
managing of trade ; fo they call the 
■India houfe at Scv J, where all the af- 
fairs relating to the trade of the JVeJi 
Judies are tranfaifled. 

Cafa pública, a bawdy houfe. 

Cafa de pofadas, a houfe that lets 
lodgings, which in Spain is a particu- 
lar profeifion ; there being no lodgings 
let, as with us, in every houfe, but 
.only in thefe particular houfes, look'd 
.upon as inns, but that they furuifli 
¡only lodging, and neither meat nor 

Cafa de campo, a country^houie. 

Cafa de juego, a gaming-houfe. 
■Cafa a la nialicja, a houfe malici- 
ouily contrived. That is, which can- 
not be divided into apartments for fe- 
veral families to live in. 

Cafa gnUide, in gamefters cant is a 
king at cards. 

Ci^fas are alfo the fquares or chequers 
on a chefi or draijght- board. 

Poner cafa, to fct up houfe-keeping. 

Apartar cafa, to part families. 

hk) tener cafa ni viña, to have no 
cítate real. 

De cafa en cafa, from houfe to houícj 
or from door to door. 

Franquear ¡a cafa, to give free liber- 
ty to view every corner of the houfe. 

Guardar la cafa, to keep the houfe, 
not to ftir abroad. 

Tener ¡a cdfa por cárcel, to be con- 
fin'd to one's houfe. 

Prov. C^'fa en placa los quizios tiene 
de plata : A houfe in the market has 
filver hinges. That is, will make the 
owner rich, becaufe of the convenien- 
cy of buying and felling. 

Prov. cdfa fin chimenea de muger 
pobre, o yerma r A houfe without a 
chimney is either inhabited by a poor 
woman, or ftands empty. Becaufe 
none will inhabit a houfe that has no 
chimney, but ibme poor wretch that 
has not wherewithal to make fire. 

Prov. Cdfafin moradores, nido de ra- 
llies 3 A ho ufe without inhabitant's is 


a den of mice. All vermin fwarra in 
houfes that iland long empty. 

Prov. cdfa labrada, y ■viña planta- 
da : A houfe ready built, and a vine 
planted. That is, buy them ready 
built and planted ; for building and 
planting is a oreat charge and a How 

Prov. cdfa fiicia huéfpedes ammcia : 
A foul houfe denotes guefts. That is, 
it fliows there is, or has lately been 
much company to foul it. 

Prov. cdfa barrida, y méfa piiéjia, 
huéfpedes efpéra: A clean houfe and 
the cloth laid expefts guefts. They are 
preparations to receive company. 

Prov. En cdfa de niugér ríca, ella 
manda fiénipre, y el minea : In a rich 
woman's houfe, ílie ahvays commands, 
and he never. That is, when a poor 
man marries a rich woman, fhe always 
takes upon her to command, and the 
poor man is kept in fubjedion. 

Prov. En cdfa del mezquino, mas 
mdnda la mugir que el marido : In the 
poor-fpirited man's houfe, the wife 
rules more than the husband. This is 
obvious enough. 

Prov. En cafa de tu enemigo, la mu- 
gér ten por amigo: In your enemy's 
houfe make the woman your firiend. 
This is not very Chriftian advice, ei- 
ther to have an enemy, or to fet his 
wife againft him. But according to 
the world it feems politick to debauch 
an enemy's wife, and make a friend of 
her againft him. 

Prov. En cdfa del ruyn la mugir es 
alguazil : In the bafe man's houfe the 
wife is alguazil. That is, ihe rules. 
It is the fame with that above. En cdfa 
del mezquino, &c. 

Prov. Huela la cdfa a hombre, y el 
anddva rodando : Let the houfe irnell of 
a man, and he was tumbled about. 
That is, the husband fays. Let the 
world know here is a man to rule 
this houic, and at the fame time he 
was kick'd about it. This was a huf- 
band, who having been well beaten 
by his wife, when the neighbours came 
in to part them, cry'd out manfully, 
.So, fo, let the houfe fmell of man ; as 
if he had done great feats, and thence 
it became a proverb. So we tell of one, 
who being beaten under the table by 
his wife, peep'd out and faid. You 
lliall never make me give over my 
manly looks. It is applicable to all 
boiftcrous bullies, who talk big, and 
take a beating. 

Prov. Ni por cdfa, ni per viña, no 
tomes mugir ximia, o mezquina : Do 
not take a monkeyifli, that is, a very 


deformed, nor a mean-ipirited wife, 
for the fake of either houfe or vine- 
yard. That is, do not for a great 
portion marry a very deformed or very 
lU-temper'd woman. 

Prov. Per cdfa, ni viña, no tonus 
mugir parida : Do not take a wife that 
has had a child, for the fake of houfe 
or vineyard. This is only advice not 
to marry any but a maid, tho' ihe be 

Prov. Toma cdfa con hogar, y mugér 
quefépa hildr : Take a houfe that has 
a fire-place, and a wife that can fpin. 
That is, take a houfe that has all con- 
veniencies, and a wife that can work, 
and not ramble or be idle all day. 

Prov. Trijle es la cafa dónde la gal- 
lina canta,, y el gallo calla : 'Tis a fad 
houfe, where the hen crows, and the 
cock is filent. That is, where the wife 
rules, and the husband obeys. 

Prov. Tal queda la cafa de la dueña, 
ydo el efciidéro, cómo el fuego fin trafio- 
gu'ro: When the husband is gone, the 
widow's houfe is left like the fire 
without a back. That is, defolate and 
going to decay, 

Prov. A cafa de tu hermano no yrát 
cada feráno : You muft not go every 
evening to your brother's houíé. That 
is, be not too troublefbme tho' it be to 
your own brother, and elpecially to 
go in the evening, when he mufl; in- 
vite you to fupper, for a conftant gueft 
is never welcome. 

Prov.' A cafa de tu tia, mas no cada 
dia : Go to your aunt's houie, but not 
every day. It is the fame as the laft 
above it. 

Prov. Hecho en cafa, cómo cernadero : 
Home fpun, like coarfe cloth. This 
they fay of an ignorant, dull, clown- 
ifh fellow. 

Prov, 'Tda y venida por cafa de mi 
tia: Going and coming to my aunt's 
houfe. A proverb taken from a child, 
who as he went and came from fchool 
itill cail'd at his aunt's, brcaufe ihe 
gaveliim Ibmething, till the ffoys jear'd 
him in thefe words. It is apply'd to 
thofe who cannot pafs by a door with- 
out calling in, efpccially if there is any 
thing to be had ; for where there is 
not, none call. 

Prov. De fuera vendrá, quién de ca- 
fa nos echara : He'll come from abroad 
that will turn us out of doors. This 
we fee praftis'd, and therefore it needs 
no explaining. 

Prov. En cafa del Moro no hables Al- 
garavia : Do not fpeak Arabick in the 
Moor's houfe. That is, do not pre- 
tend to ffcak a language before thofe 





that are mafters of it, left inñaá oí .puertas no la guardaré: TU do any i Prov. Cafa fn tejado, tKtlchfrío, j 

credit you expoíe your igno- 



Prov. En cafa do fiémpre comen pollos^ 
mal comerán ¡os f¡iocos : In the houfe 
where they always eat chickens, the 
ftrvants mull be but ill fed. Becaufe 
it is fuppos'd the fervants can never 
have a belly full of fuch tender coftly 

Prov. Bk cafa del official ajfoma ¡a 
hambre, mas ?io ojfa entrar: Hunger 
peeps into the handicrafts-man's houfe, 
but dare not enter. That is, handi- 
crafts-men have never much to fpare, 
fo that hunger looks upon them, but 
never dares enter, becaufe they have 
llill enough CO fatisfy nature. 

Prov. En cafa del tahúr poco dura el 
alegría : Joy laíís but little in the 
gamelter's houfe. Becaufe if he hap- 
pens once to have good luck and re- 
joice his family, the next day he lofes 
all again, and fo overthrows that joy. 

Prov. En cafa liéna préfio fe guífa la 
cena : In a full houfe the fupper is íbon 
drefi'd. It is plain enough, that where 
there is plenty, a meal is íbon got 

Prov. En tu cafa no tienes fardína, y 
en la agéna pides gallina : you have 
not a pilchard in your own houfe, 
and ask for fowl in another's. Againft 
thofe who llarve at home, and are 
very dainty abroad. 

Prov. JDe cafa de riiyn minea buen 
aguinaldo : Never a good new - year's 
gift comes out of a bait man's houfe. 
We muft expeñ nothing that is good 
from a bale perlón. We cannot make 
a filk purfe of a fow's ear. 

Prov. De buena cafa buena Iráfa : 
From a good houfe a good coal. The 
oppofite of the laft foregoing proverb. 
From good people we may expeft good 

Prov. Defpiiés que la cafa efiá hecha 
¡a déxa : When the houfe is finifh'd, 
leave it/? Becaufe a new houfe is damp 
and unwholeibme. 

Prov. §uie'n haze cafa, o cuba mas 
gájla c¡ue cuyda : He that builds a 
houfe, or makes a wine-prefs, fpends 
more than he thinks foi-. The charge 
of building and planting vineyards is 
never certain. 

Prov. si quieres hazér de ¡a cafa corral 
quítale el techo, y cútalo hecho : If you 
would make a court-yard of your houfe, 
that is, if you v\ ould have it fall, take 
off the roof, and the bufinefs is done. 
Becaufe any building that is uncover'd 
.foon runs to ruin. 

Prov. Todo lo haré mas cafa con dos 

but will not take upon ms to\ poco recado : A houfe until'd is 
guard a houfe that has two doors. Be- I cold, and has little convcniency. 


caufc whilft a man looks to the one, 
he can give no account of the other. 

Prov. J'fWe en ciifa, y compra en 
feria, ft quie'res falír de lazc'ria : Sell at 
home and buy in the fair, if you de- 
lign to get out of want. That is, to 
grow rich. Becaufe in a Ihop by re- 
tail things are fold to the belt advan- 
tage, and in fairs there are good pen- 
nyworths by wholefale. 

Prov. La cafa quemada acudís con el 
agua : When the houfe is burnt you 
bring water. We fay, when the fteed 
is ftole, you ihut the liable- door. 

Prov. §tiién fu cáfi quema, efpanta 
los ratones, y caliéntafe a la leña : He 
chat burns his houfe frights away the 
mice, and warms himfelf at the fire. 
Apply' d to thofe who are at great ex- 
pences to very little purpofe. 

Prov. §uando en cafa engorda la 
mofa, y al cuerpo el bapo, y al rey la 
holfa, a,n mal anda ¡a cofa : When the 
maid grows fat in the houfe, and the 
fplecn grows in the body, and the 
king's purie fwells, things go bad. By 
the maid's growing fat is meant her 
belly fwelling, the growing of the 
fpleen every body knows is bad, and 
the king's purfe fwelling implies heavy 
taxes, all which are difplealing. 

Prov. Cafa, wTta, & potro, hágalo 
otro : Let another make a houfe, vine- 
yard, and colt for you. That is, do 
not you undertake to build a houfe, to 
plant a vineyard, or break a colt, but 
buy them all ready to your hand, as 
the proverb above advifes, in cafe of 
the houfe and vineyard. 

Prov. Cafa hofpedáda, comida, y de- 
noflada : A houfe full of guefts is ea- 
ten up, and ill ipoken of. The ex- 
pence devours the owner, and it is ill 
fpokcn of, becaufe much company 
breeds diforder. 

Prov. Cafa con dos puertas mala es de 
guardar : A houfe that has two doors 
is ill to be iecur'd : Or, Cáfa con dos 
puertas no la guardan todas dueñas : A 
houfe that has two doors cannot be 
guarded by all old women. That is, 
there is much ditliculty in fecuring all 
things, becauie whilft they look to one 
door, fomething may be done amilsat 
the other. 

Prov. Cafa con fotéa, ladrón la fai- 
tea : A houfe with a flat roof, or with 
a balcony, is fet upon by thieves. Be- 
caufe they have on fuch places the bet- 
ter conveniency of breaking in with- 
out being feen from the ilreet. 

Piov. A quién haze cafa, o fe cáfa, 
la bolfa le queda rafa : He that builds 
a houfe or marries, remains with an 
empty purfe. Tliey look upon thefe as 
chargeable things. 

Prov. Cafas quantas quepas, vinas 
quiintas bcvas , tierras quánias meas, 
olivares, cerros, y valles : Houícs as 
much as will hold you, vine - yards 
as much as you can drink , landj 
as many as you can fee, olive gardens 
on mountains and valleys. That is, 
never covet to have more houfe-room 
than juft ferves your family, becauie 
all beyond it is only trouble and ex- 
pence ; nor any more vineyards than 
will fupply wine for your families ex- 
pence ; becaufe. the vineyards are ex- 
penlive, and wine a tickliilr commo- 
dity ; for lands, that is arable, as much 
as ever you can fee, and olive-gardens 
as much, tho' they be on hills or ia 
dales, becaufe their income is more 

Prov. Crfa en canton y viña en rin- 
con : A corner houíe and a vincvard 
in a nook. The corner houfe is coun- 
ted pleafanteft, as molt expos'd to view, 
and the vineyard in a nook Hands 
warmeft. They alfo fay 

Prov. Cafa en canto y viña en pago í 
A corner houfe and a vineyard in a 
village. That is, near houfes, that ic 
may not lie out on a road far from 
people, where all that pafs take what 
they will. 

Prov. Cafa cumplida, en la ¿ira vida. 
A perfeít houfe in che other life. That 
is, we are not to expeft any tiling 
perfed in this world, where the hap- 
pieft ftill want Ibmething, and the 
moll perfefi: things are not without 
fault, but true perfeflion will be found 
in heaven. 

Prov. fiando en cafa no efiá el gato, 
efliéndefe el rato : When the cat is not 
at home, the moufe grows proud. Wc 
fay, when the cat is away, the mice 
will play. 

Prov. cada uno en fu ccifa, y dios e» 
¡a de todos : Every one in his houfe, 
and 'Jod in all of them. We fay. Eve- 
ry one for himfelf, and God for us all. 

Prov. En tu cafa cuézen habas y en 
¡a mía calderadas : la. your houfe they 
boil beans, and ia mine kettles full. 
There is ibmething to do in your 
houfe, but much more in mine. It is 
generally taken in an ill fenfe, as 
when there is much quarrelling in a 
' houfe, or the like. 

U Prov; 


PiOV. í» cá¡a del ahorcado no fe ha 
tte iiombi;lr /.i foga : The haltcr ii not , 
lo be nam'd ia a houfc thac a man has 
been hang'd out of. That is, we 
muil be fo far from reproaching any 
bojy wich their misforrunes, that we 
rum not name thofo things which may 
put them in minj of them. 

i'rov. En cafa del tamborilero lidos 
¡en dan carines : In the taborcr's houfe 
they are all dancers. That is, the 
whole family is fomething like thi head, 
for as the mailer tabors fo they dance. 

I'roi'. íués que fe Ruerna la cafa ca- 
lentémonos todos : Since the houfe is a 
file let us all warm our fclves. That 
is, let lis make the beft of all misfbr- 

Prov. A yd-os de mi cafa, y que que- 
réis con mi mugcr, no ay que re/ponder : 
There is no anfwer to get you out of 
my houfc, and what have you to do 
with my wife ? There is no doubt but 
every one ought to be matter of his 
own houfc, and of his wife, and there- 
fore when he bids any man go out ot 
his houfc, or not to have to do with 
his wife, the beft way is to make no 

Prov. E» cafa del herrero peor apero. 
The worft tools are in the fmich's 
houfe : Or, En cafa del herrero cuchiUo 
mangorrero : In the fmith's houfe a 
bad knife. Or as we exprefs, none 
worfe ihod than the ihoe - maker's 

Prov. 2* me hifque en mi ckfa, quién 
■me puede haUar en la piafa : Let him 
not look for me at home, who can 
meet me in the market-place. Men 
who have much buíineís abroad, do 
not love to be difturb'd at home, whi- 
ther they go to take their refl, having 
otfices or other proper places abroad 
fcr buíineís. 

Prov. En ci'fa del pobre todos riñen, 
y todos tienen razón : In the poor man's 
houfe all quarrel, and all are m the 
right, Bccaufc there are many wants, 
which put them out of humour, and 
that wi:h good reaibn. 

Prov. Cafa con dos puertas, quándo 
mas cerradas, tenias por abiertas : When 
a houfe has two Jo^rs, tho' they are 
never ib fail lock'd, you may make 
account they are wide open. That is, 
you can never be fecure where there 
is a back-door, for whilft you watch 
one, you may be betray'd at the other. 
See two more proverbs to this etteft 
above. ..,^ 

Prov. Jbites de cafar, fen cr.fas en 
que nuri'ir, y tierras en que labr/tr, y 
VMS que ¡odár. Before you marry 


get a houfe to live in, lands to till, 
and a vineyard to prune. That is, do 
not marry till you have wherewith to 
maintain your family. 

Prov. Cafa de padre, viña de agüelo, 
oli'íiár de revifaguio : A father's houfe, 
a grand-father's vineyard, and a great 
grandfather's olive-garden. That is, 
thefe are bell, viz. a houfc ■ built by 
one's father, which is feafon'd and 
not decay 'd, a vineyard by one's grand- 
father, becaufe it is bell of feme itand- 
ing, and the olive -garden requires 
much time to grow up to perfection. 

Prov. Con mal anda la cafa, donde la 
rueca manda al efpáda : That houfe is 
in bad plight, where the diilaft" com- 
mands the fword. Where the woman 
wears the breeches. 

Casa'ca, a coat or upper garment. 
Cas a'd a, a marry'd woman, a 

Casadero, marriageable, of age to 

Casado, marry'd ; alfo a marry'd 
man, a husband. 

Prov. A ¡a mal cafada miradle a la 
cara. Look upon the face of a wife 
that has an ill husband. This is in ge- 
neral ; look upon a woman, and by 
her face you may diicover whether 
ihe has a good husband. 

Prov. ^if« ama la cafada la vida 
trae empreflada : He who loves a mar- 
ry'd woman has his life but upon cour- 
tcfy. That is, till the husband qu- 
covers the intreague and kills him. 

Prov. Bier!, o mal cafado me han : 
Well or ill, I am many'd. That is, 
when a thing is pall there is no look- 
ing back. 

Casama'ta, a cazematte, which is 
a platform in that part of the flank of 
the baftion next the curtin, fomewhat 
retir'd and drawn back towards the 
capital of the bailion, on which guns 
are planted, loaded with fmall fliLt to 
fcourc along, the ditch, and cover'd 
from the enemies works with earth- 
works, call'd orillon's, or epaulments. 
Casamentii'ro, a match-maker. 
Casamie'nto, a wedding. 
Prov. No ay cafimiétito pobre, W 
mortuorio rico : There is no poor wed- 
ding, nor rich burial. That is, al- 
ways new marry'd people are faid to 
have great portions and etlates, and 
widows alfo pretend they arc left 

Prov. Cafamiénto, y hadas malas 
préflo fon Ueg.idas : Marriage and ill 
luck are not long a coming, 
thofe that love a loofe life. 


andes : May you marry fb that you 
may have la'w-fuits. That is, rather 
a curfe than proverb, as wiiliing a man 
may be at variance with his wife's 
kindred, who ought to be his fi lends. 

Prov. Déjlos c.ifamiéntos que mari- 
parda haze a mos péfi, y a otros plaze : 
Some are pleas'd and forae tiiiplcas'd at 
chcfc matches Mariparda makes. That 
is, whoever mcdJlcs infuch affairs can 
never pleafe all people. 

Casamuro, a lingle wall withouc 
any other works. 

Casañe'ro, one of the houíe. 
Casa'r, to marry, to wed. Hebrew 
cafar, to bind. 

Prov. Antes que te cafes, mira h que 
hazes, que no es mido que afsi de fates : 
Before you marry take heed what you 
do, for it is no knot that can be eaiily 
unty'd. That is very plain advice to 
be cautious in the affair of matrimony, 
becaufe it is indillbluble. It may be 
apply'd in other cafes, as we fay, look 
before you leap. 

Prov. Cafar, cafar, y quién ha de 
goveniar : Marry, marry, and who 
mull rule the houfe. A reproof to 
young people that would marry before 
they have fenfe to govern a family. 
It is faid upon any occafion, when 
people would undertake what they are 
not capable of. 

Prov. Cafar, y compadrar, cada quaí 
con fu ygual : Let every one marry 
and make a golfip of his equal. A ge- 
neral advice co endeavour in all things 
to have to do with our equals, eipe- 
cially in matrimony, becaufe inequa- 
lity of birth or fortune is often the 
caufe of difcord. 

Prov. Gáfate veras, perderás fuéño 
nunca dormirás .* Marry and you'll íee 
what will 'come of it, you'll lofe your 
ilecp, and never clofe your eyes. A 
proverb to exprefs the care that matri- 
mony brings upon a man. 

Piov. Cafarás, y amanfarás : You'll 
marry and g'ow tame. It n- a com- 
mon faying in E?iglifi, if you will tame 
any one marry him. 

Prov. Cafar ruynes, y vacerán mon- 
taraces : Marry a bafe coi'ple you'll 
have a wild breed. It is a general 
opinion that the children take «iter the 
parents, and ibmetimes it may be, but 
Jaily experience fliows the contrary. 
In beafls indeed the main thing is the 
breed, but in man I think education 
is the principal. 

Prov. De cedo cafar, y cedo wadrii' 

Said by gar , arrepentirte has, mas no mticho 

mal : You'll repent marrying early. 

Prov. Cafamié hagas que a pléyto and riling very early, but there is no 



great harm in either. 

Prov. vara mal cafar, mas iiále 
nunca maridar : Better never be a 
husband, or have a husband, than ill 

Prov. guien Uxos fe va a cafar, o va 
eagañadoy o va a engañar: He that 
goes a great way to marry is either 
cheated or goes to cheat. We find 
this too often vcrify'd, for things at a 
great diflance are feldom truly repre- 

Prov. ^ien tarde cafa, mal cafa : 
He that marries late, marries ill. Be- 
caufe they ought to marry young to 
have children, and to be us'd to one 
another's temper, for old people when 
they firit come together cannot bear 
with one another's failings ; and the 
icripture fays, Bonum eji viro turn por- 
.taverit jugum ab adokfcentiafua. 

Prov. §uién mal cafa, tarde emhiú- 
da : It is long before he becomes a 
widower, who marries ill. That is, 
when people are ill marry'd they al- 
ways think it long before the widow- 
hood comes. 

Prov. Si quieres bien cafar, cafa con 
tu yguál : If you would be well 
marry'd, marry your equal. This we 
have above under the words, cafar y 
compadrar, cada qual con fu yguál. 

Prov. Cafar, cafar fuéna bii.n, y fabe 
mal : Marry, marry, founds well, and 
reliíhes but ill. That is, people 
talk of marrying with a great deal of 
pleafure, but afterwards meet with 
cares and troubles that give it an ill 

Prov. La que con muchos fe cafa , 
a todos enfada : She. that is marry'd to 
many tires them all. In the literal 
fenfe, a woman that marries many 
husbands, is fuppos'd to weary them 
out of their lives with her ill temper. 
But otherwife by cafar con muchos, to 
marry many, is only meant an imper- 
tinent woman, that has an oar in eve- 
ry m^i.'ji's boat, and has bulinefs with 
every Body, which vexes and tries all 
the world. 

Casa'r, Subft. A farm-houfe ; a 

Casa'rse, vid. Cafar. 

Ca'sca, the husk of grapes after the 
wine is prefs'd out. From the Latin 
caffus, empty. Ic is alfo the broken 
bark tanners put into their tan-pits. 

Cascaee'l, a hawk's bell. Met. a 
ratfle -headed fellow. 

Bivora de cafcabe'I, a rattle-Ciake. 

Prov. ^ién echará el cafcabél al 
gato: Who will put the bell about the 
cat's neck i This they fay when one 


advifes doing any thing againft ano- 
ther who is too powerful. 1 akcn from 
the fable of the mice confulting how 
to avoid the continual danger they 
were in from the cat. One of them 
advis'd to hang a bell about the cat's 
neck, and then they ihould always 
hear her. The aJvice was lik'd , 
but then the qucftion was put, who 
ihould hang the bell about her neck, 
which none daring to attempt, the 
projeft prov'd frivolous, 

Cascabela'da, a iinglina of hawks 
bells. ' ' - « 

Echar, or dezir cafcahelááas , to talk 

Cascabelillo, a little haw's bell. 

Casca'da, a cafcade, or fall of 
. Casca'do, crack'd. 

Hombre cafcado, a weak man. 

Cascaja^l, a gravel-pit. Alfo the 
place where they throw out the husk 
of the grapes after vintage. 

Prov. Grullas al cafcajál, que y A no 
áy uvas : Away cranes to the pit . 
where the husks are, for the grapes are 
gone. The boys in Spain fay fo when 
they fee the cranes hy. Apply'd to 
thofe who come too late, or a day af- 
ter the fair. 

Casca'jo , gravel ; pebble -ftones. 
Alfo the ihivers that fly in cutting 
Hones; broken earthen -ware j pot- 
iheards, and rubbilh. 

Cascajoso, gravelly or full of 

Casca'nte, a city in the kingdom 
oí Navarre in Spain, feated in a fruit- 
ful plain, on the banks of the river 
¡¿ueUes, contains 800 houfes, one pa- 
rilh, one monaflery of monks, and one 
of nuns. 

Cascanue'zes, a nut-cracker. 

Cascapiñones, boys that are em- 
ploy'd to take out the kernels of pine- 
apples to fell. From cafcár, to crack, 
and piñón, a pine-apple. 

C A s c a'r, Prsf. To cafco ; Prcet. 
Cafqué, to crack. Lat. quatio. Alfo 
to beat. 

Ca'scara, a iliell, a husk, a paring. 
From the Lat. cajjls, a head piece ; 
becaufe it covers the fruit. 

Prov. Mas vale cafe ara de camuéfa, 
que meollo de bellota : The paring of a 
pippin is better than the kernel of an 
acorn. The worft part of a good thing 
is better than the beft of a bad. 

Cascarilla, a little ihell or thin 

Cascarón, an egg-ihell, or anyo- 
ther great ihell. 

Prov. Ám no flys falido del cafcaron, 


'y ttnéys pre función ? You are Icarce out 
^of the cgg-fliell, and do you take up- 
on you already K 

Casca'rrias, vid. Carcarrias. 

Cascarrojas, a fort of worms 
or vermin that breed in ihips. 

Cascatre'guas, a truce - breaker ; 
a perfidious perfon. 

Cascava'nco, an idle fellow, a 

Cascave'l, vid. Cafcabtl. 

Ca'sco, a broken piece of any thing, 
pot, tile, ihell, or the like. Alfo 'a 
head-piece or fcuU-cap. 

Cafco de la cabe fa, the skull. 

CJifco de cafa, an empty houfe that 
has nothing but bare walls. 

Cafco de cebolla, a fleak of an oni- 

Cafco del pié del caváHoy an horie's 

Cafco de tíña, a cap for a fcald-head. 

C'lfos lilvos, little wit. 

Cáfcos de calaba fa, a ñiatter-brain'd 

Fuhíno tiene buenos cáfca, fuch a one 
has a good head, for the moft part 
fpoken ironically. 

Prov. Defpucs de defcalabrádo untálle 
el cafo : To break a man's head and 
give him a plaifter. 

Casería, a country farm. 

Cascote, rubbiih. 

Caseríche, a town of 300 houfes, 
one pariih, two chapels and an hofpi- 
tal, in the province of Andaluzia ia 
Spain, about nine leagues from Cordo- 

Case'ro, a landlord of a houfe. 
Any thing that is homely, or belong- 
ing to the houfe. Alfo a farmer, or a 

Pan cafe'ro, houihold bread. 

Lienfo cafe'ro, home-ipun cloth. 

Muge'r cafe'ra, s woman that keeps 
her houfe, and is not a gadder. 

Ca'si, almoft. Lat. quajl, 

Ca'sia, a fmaU ihrub in the Tndies 
that bears a fruit, which taftes like 

Cafa ftflula, vid. Cañafífola. 

Casilda, an ancient proper name 
for a woman in Spain. 

CasildÍca, little Cijilda. 

Prov. Cajildica con remedio: Little 
Cafilda is provided for. This they 
fay when a very deform'd woman is 
match'd with a man like her felf. The 
proverb taken from a farce in which 
fuch a thing was repreíénted, and the 
woman call'd Cajildica. 

Casilla, a little houfe. Alfo a ne- 
ceilary hou'e. 

Sacir a ihio de fus cáfilas, to draw 
U z a 


a man out of hb little houfcs. 
to anger, fret, or vex a man. 

a poor 

Casi N A as CisiUa, a cottage 
country houfc. 
Casita, iJcm. 

Casni'ro, a river in the province 
oí Giiiittia in South America. 

Ca'so, an accident, a chance, for- 
tune, dciliny. A law cafe. A cafe 
in declining words. Alfo efteeni, re- 

A cafo, by chance. 

Oifo tjiie, put the cafe, fuppoiing or 
adniiuinw chat. 

jN'o efioy en el cafo, I do not under- 
fiand the cafe. 

So Late al cafo, it is not to the pur- 
pofe. cafo de wia perfÓM, to take 
notice of one. 

Démoi c¿ifo, fuppoiing or admitting. 
Cúfo negado, a term in law, when a 
thing is propos'd only to be refuted. 

Cafo acordado, a thing done with de- 
liberation, premeditated. 

Casoll'ta, a little fauce-pan or 
pipkin. Alfo the touch-pan in fire- 

Ca'spa, dandroff or fcurf in the 

Ca'spe, a tovifn in the kingdom of 
'/¡ragon in Spain, iixtecn leagues from 
Zaragoca, feated in a fruitful vale 
on the river rJiro, wall'd, has a caille, 
1000 houics, one parifli, and one 
monaflery of friars. 

Casposo, full of dandroff. 
Casqueta'da, a raih inconiiderate 
anion or exprelTion. 

Cascíue'te, a helmet or head- 

CASQ.UÍLLO, a little head-piece or 
ñecl cap. Alio any finall broken piece 
of any thing. 

C.if(¡uí'llo de faéta, the head of an 

C A s q, u I't u s I o, ihatter-brain'd, 
empty skull'd, as 

Mofuih cafífuilúcio, a rattle - headed 
young fellow. 

Casq,uÍNj a territory in the pro- 
vince of Florida in SMh America. 
Cassa, muzlin. 

Cassaciqn, a cancelling, vacating, 
annulling or cafliiering. 

Cassa'do, canccU'd, vacated, an- 
null'd, made void or calhicr'd. 
. Cassadór, one that cancels, va- 
cates, annuls, makes void or cafhiers. 

CassadÚra , cancelling, vacating, 
making void or cafliiering. 

Cassana'r, a river in the province 
cf Guiana in SoulJi America. 

Cassa'r, to cancel, vacate, annul. 


That is, I make void or cafliicr. Latin caffus, 

Ca'ssia, vid. Cáfia. 

C a SIPA, a lake in the province of 
Guiana in South America. 

CASS1P14RI, a river in the fame pro- 

Ca'sta, a race, a breed, a progeny, 
a flock. 

Prov. De cufia le viene al galgo fir 
rabilargo : It is natural, or proper to 
his breed for a greyhound to have a 
long tail. This is the fame as. Cat af- 
ter kind. . 

Castame'nte, chaftly, modeftly. 

Casta'ña, a cheftnut. Latin ca- 

Cajlafta enxc'rta, a cheftnut of a tree 
that has been grafted. 

Cajiáña regoldana, a fmall wild 

CaJláña opilada a cheftnut that has 
the ihell taken ofl", and is fo dry'd, 
us'd in Spain to make pottage, and 
call'd ib from the Latin opilo, to clofe 
up, becaufe when dry they ihrink and 
clofe up. 

Castaña'i!, a grove of chefinut- 
trecs. There is alió a finall town of 
this name in Cajlile. 

Castaña'r, idem. 

Castañe'da, the furname of a good 
family in Spain. 

Castañe'ta , a caftanet, fuch as 
chey ufe in dancing, fo call'd, becaufe 
like a cheftnut. It is alfo the fnap- 
ping of the fingers, in imitation of 
which caftanets were made. 

Castañetea'r, to play on the ca- 
ftanets, or to fnap the fingers. It alfo 
fignifics the fnapping of the knees, as 
fome men walk. 

CastañÍxa, the furname of a fami- 
ly in Spain. 

Casta'ño, Subft. a cheftnut-tree. 

Cafldño, Adjeft. cheftnut colour. 

Castañue'las, a pair of little ca- 
ftanets, fnapping of the fingers. 

Castañue'la, is alio a root in the 
kingdom of Sew Galicia, in the Wefl 
Indies, good to fatten fwine, which I 
fuppoie to be the fame as our pignut. 

Caste'l favib, a town in the king- 
dom of Valencia in Spain, feated in a 
valley betwixt two mountains, on the 
banks of the river Turia, a league from 
Ademitz, has a good caftle, a plentiful 
foil, and allum- mines; lio houfes, 
one parilh, and one monaftery cf fri- 


nor, captain or conftable of a caflle 
or fortrcls. 

Castjilla'no, is alfo a coin worth 
593 maravedíes and -f formerly when • 
it was ftandard and weighed 90 grains. 
Since the y car 1 6 5 1 the cafleUanos of gold 
were rais'd to 739 maravedíes. Ca- 
fleUano and Pefo, as to coins, are the 
fame thing. T'eitia, norte de ¡a contra- 

Caste'lo Bom, a town mPortugaiy 
three leagues from Almcyda, on the 
banks of the river Coa, feated high, 
wall'd, has no houfes, and one pa- 

Caste'lo de pla'na, a fine town in 
the kingdom of Valencia in Spain, nine 
leagues from the city Valencia, feated 
in a rich plain by the fea, wall'd, and 
contains 1100 houfes, one parifti, four 
monafteries of men, and one of nuns, 
and four chapels, antiently call'd C<i- 
¡iiila or cajlalia. 

Castelo de vide, a town in Portttgal, 
two leagues from Portalegre, feated in 
a plain between two mountains, has 
800 houies, one monaftery of friars, 
and fends deputies to the cortes. 

Caste'lo-Melhor, a town in Por- 
tugal, four leagues from Piñél, wall'd, 
yet has but 100 houies. 

Caste'lo-Me'ndo, a town in Portu- 
gal, four leagues from the city Guarda , 
wall'd, tho' it has but eighty houfes, 
and three parilbes. 

Caste'l-RodrÍgo, a town in For- 
ttigal, on the frontiers, two leagues 
from Piñél, feated on a high mountain, 
fends deputies to the cortes, contains 
150 houfes, one pariih, and one mo- 
naftery of Bernardines. King Philip 
the fecond of Spain made it an earl- 
dom, and beftow'd that honour on D. 
Chrijlopher de Moura, whom king Philip 
the third created marquis. 

Castida'd, chaftity. Latin cafii- 

Castigando, chaftiz'd , puniih'd, 
correfted. 4^ 

Castigador, a chaftizer j a pu- 

Castiga'r ; Prsef. To cajligo ; VcxC. 
Cafiigtié, to chaftize, corrcft or punifli. 
Lat. Cafcigare. 

Ciifiigdr de ciila, to make a horfe 
carry his tail down that us'd to rear it 

Prov. Cajli'ga al que no es bueno, y 
aborrecerte ha luego : Chaftize one thac 
is not good and he'll prefently hace 

Castellanía, the jurifdiction of a you. 
caftle. Castigo, chaílizement, puniíhment, 

Castella'no, a Caftilian, a native correftion. 
of the kingdom of Cajlile. A gover- ' 
' Prov. 



q A s 

Prov. Citjiígo de vieja mima h,rze 
mtUa : All old woman's correñion 
never makes an imprefiion. Becaufe 
they are fond of children, and cori'ed 
chem lb llightly, that it is not minded. 
Castigue', vid. Cajligar. ' 
Castil bla'nco, a town in the 
province of Andaluzia in Spain, in the 
mountains, five leagues from Se-vil, 
and thiee from Alcalá del Rio, con- 
tains 500 houfes, one parilli, one hol- 
pital, two chapels, and a good caitle, 
the country fruitful. 

Castile'jo, vid, CaftiUéjo. 
Castil de proa, the fore-caflle or 
head of a fliip. 

Cajtil de popa, the fiern, the poop 
.of a Ihip. 

Castilla, the name of two king- 
doms in Spain, the one call'd CajlilLx 
la Vieja, Old Cnjlile, and the other Ca- 
pilla la Nueva, NenvCaJlile. They lie in 
the heart of Spam north and fouth of 
each other, and are boimded on the 
well by Portugal and Leon, on the 
ibuth hy Andaluzia and Murcia, on the 
eaft by Valencia, Aragón, and Navarre, 
and on the north by AJiurias and Bif- 
cay, only there is one narrow flip of 
Old Cajiile, which reaches to the bay of 
Sifcf.y, running between Bifcay and 
AJliirias. The capital city of Old Ca- 
jiile is Burgos, that of the New is Toledo. 
Tho' M.idrid be in the latter, which is 
only a market town, notwithltanding 
the court has fettled its reiidence there. 
Cajlilla is alio the furname of a noble 
■ family in Spain, originally defcended' 
from a bailard-brother to King Henry 
the fecond ofCaJlJe. 

Castilla delO'ro, agreattran 
of South America was once call'd by 
this name, being bounded on the Eall 
by Guiana and Caribana, on the weft 
by the South Sea, on the north by the 
North Sea, and on the fouth by the 
kingdom of Peru, and that of the A- 
mazons. It it is now divided into the 
proviucf i^f Panama, Carthagena, Ura- 
ba, Santa Marta, Rio de la Hacha, 
Venezuela, Cumana, Paria, New An- 
daluzia, and New Granada. 

Prov. £« Cajlilla el caválh lleva la 
silla : In Cajlile the horfe carries the 
faddle. That is, the father gives the 
quality, and not the mother. It may 
alfo lignify, that the husband is the 

Castillera de la Cue'sta, a 
town in the province 01 Andnluzi a in 
Spain, uvo leagues from Sevil, feated 
on a hill, from which it takes its name. 
Irs foil i^ fruitful, its inhabitants 500 
faiuiiiesj one pariil). and two chapels. 

It belongs to the duke of 0/.'i/i:y."x. 1 Ca'ítro, the I'urnamo of a noble 
Castilleja de ü¡i2ma,'n, a cownjfaniily hiSpaiii, the chief of which was 

in the fame pioviBce, two leagues from 
SeVil, has but 100 houies, one pariih, 
and two chapels, and belongs to the 
fame duke. 

Castilll'jo, a little caftle,' a little 
go-cart for childrea ; alfo the name ot 
a little town in the biinopnck of Cuen- 
ca in Spain. 

Castille'te, a little caftle. 
Castillo, a caftle or fortrefi ; alfo 
the fore-callle of a Ihip. Lat. cajiel- 

Cajitlb y leo7!, caftle and lion. The 
fame as we call crofs or pile, becaufe 
they play'd loimerly at it in Spain, 
with a coin that had a caiilc on the 
one fide and a lion on the other. 

CastÍxlo de las Guardias, a 
town of 400 houfes in the province of 
Andaluzia in Spain, 8 leagues from .Se- 
■:;//, has a good caftle, one parifh, one 
hofpital, and two chapels. 

Castillo de San Bartolomé', 
a town in the province of Andaluzia, 
2,4 leagues from.Sew7, and z from^jvi- 
nionte, contains 100 houfes, one parilli, 
and two chapels, and belongs to the 
duke of Bejar. 

Castizo, Adj. of a good race or 

Castizo, Subft. the ion of a mejii- 
zo and í?ie/líza. 

Ca'sto, chafte. Lat. cajius. 
Castor, a brock or badger. Greek. 
Castrade'ra, a gclding-knife. 
Castra'do, gelt ; an eunuch, a 

Castrador, a gelder. 
. Castradl'ira, gelding. 

Castrapue'rcas, a ibw-gelder, 
Castra'r, to geld or to ipay. Lat. 

Cajlrar colmenas, to take the honey 
of hives, leaving enough for the bies 
to feed on. 

Cajirar la Jama, to apply medicines 
to the itch to dry it up. 

Cajlrar poetas, to caftrate poets, that 
is, to cue oft the immodeft part of 

Castrazón, gelding, or the fca- 
fon for gelding, or for taking the ho- 
ney out of the hives. 

Castre'llo, z town in Portugal, ^ 
leagues from the city Porto, has 150 
houfes, and one parifli. 

Castre'nsEj of or belonging to the 

Ca'stro, a fort, a firong place; al- 
io a game boys play at in Sp^in ; lb 
call'd, becaufe it has many lines on a 
boardj refembling 9. fortification. 

created can ot Lemos by king Henry the 
fourth oí CaJltle, ann. i4S7- but it is 
to be obferv'd he bears both the fur- 
names oicjorio and Cajlro. In Portugal 
there ^rc alio two branches of this 
fame family and name, the chief the 
earl of Monjanto, the fecond branch 
carls of Arroyólos. The firft branch 
gives for its arms iix bezants, the 
other thirteen. 

Ca'stro, a town in the province of 
Andaluzia in Spain, <, leagues fromCoi'- 
dova, feated in a fruitful plain, has 
1000 houfes, one parifti, and two nio- 
naikrics, and belongs to the marquis 
de Priego. 

Ca'stro, a town in the province of 
Bunigando, in the kingdom oí Peru ¡i\ 
South America. 

Ca'stro, a town in the ifland of 
Chiloe, which is in the ibuthenrmoft 
part of the kingdom of Chile in S.tith 
America, and in 45 degrees of fouth 

Ca'stro de Austria, an inland 
town in the province of Cojia Rica ia 
North Atnerica . 

Castro de Urdia'les, a fea port 
town belonging to Old Cajlile on the 
bay of Bijcay, 4 leagues from Laredo, 
wall'd, has a firong caftle, 400 houfes, 
one pari.Qi, one monaftcry of friars, 
one of nuns, and two I'.ofpitals. 

Ca'stro el Rio, I find fuch a 
town of this name in Spain, but no 
where any account of it, or in what 
province ibatcd. 

CastrogerÍz, a town in the king- 
dom of Old Cajlile in Spain, 7 leagues 
from Burgos, icated on an eminence, 
wall'd, has a firong caftle, 500 houfes, 
five parifhes, one collegiate church, 
one monailery of friars, one of nuns, a 
oyal hofpital antiently call'd Cajlrum 

Ca'stro-MarÍn, a town in Por- 
tugal, not far from Tavira, has a ca- 
ttle, 300 houfes, one parifn, and fends 
deputies to the cortes. 

>'Ja'stro-NÚho, a town in the king- 
do.n of Old Cajlile in Sp.i¡in, ', leagues 
fiom Tordejillas, in a delightful plain 
near the river Duero, has 160 houfes, 
and one pariih. 

Ca'stro-Tora'fe, a town in the ' 
kingdom of Leon in Spain, 7 leagues 
from Benaveiite, feated in a fértil foil, 
and has loo houies. 

•Ca'stro-Ve'rde, a fmall town ia 
the kingdom of Leon in Spain, on the 
river Ezla, i or 3 leagues from Betia- 
i vente. 



Ca'stro-VirRe'vna, a town in 
the kingdom of Peru in South jimerica, 
60 leagues from Limn, call'ii alio Ú.o- 

Ca'stro.n, agcltgoat. 

Casua'i., cafual, accidental. From 
the Lat. cafus, thaucc. 

Casua'res, a fort of fowl in the 
iiland of y^va in the I.aji Indies, all 
black, twice as big as a turkey-cock, 
with bones in the wings like a whale 
bone, and the beak and feet like an 
oftrich. Its eggs are white and green. 
Cemelit, v. 3. 1. 5. c. 7. 
Casuista, a cafuili. 

Casulla, a chafublc, the vcftment 
a priell wears over his alb when he 
fays mafs. ^aji cafiila, a little houfe, 
becaufc it contains him ail. 


Ca'ta, Verb, behold, fee, look ; 
as. Cata le aquí, behold, here he is. 

C a' T A, Subft. an eii'ay, a tafte, 
a view, a fearch ; alfo a itick they 
lay acrois upon two other forked 
enes ill the vineyards to prop up the 

Catadura J the countenance, the 

Cataira'tes, men in compleat ar- 
mour. Lat, CataflraBiis. 

Catala'Nj a Catalonian, or native 
of Catalonia. 

Catalína, Catharine, the proper 
name of a woman. Greek Katharos, 

CatalnÍca, Katy, as we call little 
girls. In Spain they alio call little 
parrots, or parrikites by this name. 

Cata'logo, a catalogue. Latin. 

Catalúfa, a Ibrt of howcr'd íilk. 

Cataluña, the province of Cátalo- 
ilia in Spain, and the eafternmoil part 
of it, on which fide and the fouth it is 
border'd by the Mediierraiiean, on the 
north by the Pyrenean Mountains, and 
on the weft by the kingdom oi Aragón. 
Some will have it to be lb call'd, (juaji 
Gothalania, the country of the Coths 
and Al.ins. 

Cata'nes, gentlemen, peribns of 
note and quality, but below lords ; a 
word only ufed in the antient laws of 
Spain, called Leyes de ¡a partida ; by 
another name they were call'd Infan- 

Catapara'ro, a linall territory in 
the province of Cumana in South Ame 

Catapla'smo, a plainer. Greek 

Cata'r, to fee, to behold, to view, 
•to tañe, to fearch. 


yS) k di cato, 1 did not take notice 
of it. 

^aiido tnéfics me cato, when I leaft 
think of it. 

Cata fulano, take notice. 
Cata'na, a broad fword. 

Cataplilta, an engine formerly 
ufed to ihoot great darts out of. 

cata'ra, a float of great timbers, on 
which in lome places they carry gouds 
down the rivers to fell, and when they 
come to their market, unlink the tim- 
bers and fell them. 

Catara'sa, the bird call'd a Ihell- 
drake ; alio the herb fmallage. 

Catara'ta, a cataract, or great 
fall of water. From the Greek kata- 
ratto, to call down headlong. It is 
alfo a flood gate, and a cataran in the 

Cataribl'ra, an idle ilrolling 

Catarinília, Káty; alio a fort of 
fmall green parrots fo call'd. Vid. 

Catarra'r, to take cold. 

Cata'rro, a catarrh, a cold, a de- 
fluxion proceeding from cold. Greek 
katavreo, to flow down. 

Catarroso, fubjet^ to catarrh, or 
to cold. 

Catasól, the daily-flower. 

Cata'strophi, a cataftrophe, the 
conclulTon or end of any thing, as the 
end of a play, where all the plot is 

Catavino, a taller, any cup to 
taile wine. 

Catecismo, a catechize, inftiaiition 
in matters of religion. Lat. catechefis. 

Catechiza'r, to catechize, to m- 
ftrud in religious matters. 

CatecÚji£N0, a catechumen, one 
that is iaflrufting in order to receive 
baptifm, as in the primitive church, 
when men and women were baptized, 
before infant-baptifin was lb much in 

Ca'tedra, a chair, particularly the 
chair in which a profellbr teaches any 
fcience ; whence ufed to iignify the 
dignity of a profeflbr. Greek. 

Catedra'l, a cathedral church. 

Catedra'tico, a profelTor or teach- 
er of any fcience in an univerlity. 

Categoría, a term ufed by logi- 
cians, lignifying a predicament ; alio 
an accufation. Greek. 

Categórico, categorical, plain, 

Catelína, via. Catalina. 

Cate'rva, a crew, a rout, a flioal, 
a troop, a gang, a company. 

Ca'thedra, vid. Cátedra, 

C A V 

Cathedra'i, vid. Catedral. 

Cathedra'tico, vid. Ciitedráticc. 

Cathe'to, the cathetHS, a term in 
architedure, lignifying a line let fall 
a-cr^C the eye or center of the lonick 
voluta, and interftfting the line of the 
collar. Evelyn. 

Catholico, vid. Católico. 

^ a Tico, a piece of bread, or any 
other thing. 

Catino, a tub, or any fiich large 

Catiq.ue'ro, a caterer. 

Cativa'r, via- Cautivar. 

Cative'rio, vid. Cautiverio. 

Cativida'd, vid. Cautividad. 

Catoble'pa, a beaft, theyfay, kills 
with its light, but has fuch an heavy 
head it can Icarce lift it from the 

Católico, catholick, univerfal. 

Hi rey católico, the catholick king ; 
that is, the king of Spain ; a title given 
by pope Alexander VI. to Ferdinand I. 
king of Cajlile and Ar.tgon, tho' the 
Spanilh writers pretend they had ic 
long before. 

La igléjia católica, the catholick 

2ü) ejlár católico, not to be in perfeft 

Catolicón, a falve called catholi- 
con, becaufe of its univerfal ufe. 

Catoptrica, catoptricks, a Icience 
which Iblves how objefts may be feen 
by refledion. 

Catórze, fourteen. Lat, quatuot- 

Catorze'no, the fourteenth, 

Ca'tre, a couch, Ibmetimes taken 
for an hammock. 

C'atreda, Catredal ; vid. Cátedra, 

C A U 

Ca'va, a ditch or trench; a pit, a 
cellar, or vault. The tranllator of Lfo 
Alberti ufes it for a court before a 
houfe, p. 151. ^ 

Cavadizo, that is or may be dug 
or hollo w'd. 

Cava'do, dug or hollow'd. 

Cava'do, a nVer in Portugal, which 
rifes in Galicia, runs by the cicy Braga, 
and falls into the ocean. 

Cavador, a digger, a ditcher, a 

Prov. A cavador Pertícho, fi le dures 
algo, no fea mucho: If you give a la- 
bourer any thing before-hand, let it 
net be nnirh. That is, do not truft 
him too far left he leave you. Perucho 
is only the name Peter clownilhly ex- 
prefs'd to make rhime. 


C A V 

CaVAdÚba, digging, making hol- 
low. The cwift of a man where he 
begins to be forked. 

Cava'l, vid. Cabal, 

Cavalga'da, a riding, and troop 
of horfemen ; an incurlion into an ene- 
my's country, aad the bcoty taken. 

Cavalgador, a horfeman, a rider ; 
alio a place to get up on horfeback. 

Cavalgadura, a riding; alfo any 
bealt a man rides on. 

Cavalga'r ; Prxf. To Cwálgo, Vtxt. 
Caialgué; to ride, to moimt cannon. 

Prov. §uicn tras ¿tro caválga, w en- 
SÍUa qiiándo quiere: He who rides be- 
hind anochtr does not faddle when he 
pleafes. That is, he who has a depen- 
dance on another cannot expeft all 
things fliould be according to his own 


Cavalgue', \í¿^Cavalgár, 

Cavalíllo, a ridge, or a little 

Cava'ila, a fiih like a mackrel. 

Cavalla'r, Adj. appertaining to a 
horfe. . 

Cavalla'r, Verb, to ride in an 
immodelt fenfe, to play the Itallion. 

Cavalle'jo, a fmall nag, a poor 
jade of a hoi fe. 

Cavalleria, gentlemen, or genti- 
lity, kniahthooJ, chivalry, horfeman- 
fliip ; .alio the horfe of aii army. 
" Cavalleriza, a ftable. 

Cavallerízo, a gentleman or ma- 
iler of the horfe. 

Cavalle'ro, in Spaniih this word 
implies either a knight or a gentleman, 
a trooper or horfeman. In fortifica- 
tion a cavalier or mount, which is an 
elevation of earth with a platform for 
cannon on it to overlook other works. 

CavaUéro de efpuélas don'tdas, a 

CivaUiro fardo, a grey knight, or 
gentleman ; that is, one of the meaner 
ibrt, who being no gentleman, is by 
fpecial privilege exempted from paying 
taxes, upon condition he keep horie 
and arms to be always in readineis to 
ierve the king. 

Caiialüyo quantiofo, a rich man, who 
without being a gentleman, or enjoy- 
ing any privilege, is oblig'd on account 
of his wealth to keep horfe and arms 
to oppofe all fudden invafions. 

Armar ci-valiéro,- to knight. 

Cavallh'ta, a grafi-hopper. 

Cavalle'te de tejado, the ridge of 
a houfe. 

CavallÍllo, a little horfe, and the 
ridge between two furrows, or two 

CavailÍto, a little horfe. 

C A V 

Cavallína yerba, the herb horfc- 
tail, of which there are many forts ; 
as, the great marih or water horfe-tail, 
growing in mariby grounds ; corn- 
horfe-tail, of an aftringent quality ; 
wood horfe-tail, leiler marih horfe- 
tail, female horfe-tail, naked horfe- 
tail, naked branch'd horfe-tail, fmall 
particolour'd naked horfe-tail, Itinking 
water horfe-tail, Scc. Of all which 
fee Kay hift. plant, verb. Eqiiifeitim. 

C A V a'l L o, a horfe ; at chefs a 
knight, at cards a queen ; in this fenfe . 
fo called, becaufe in the Spanilli cards 
it reprefcnts a figure on horfcback. 
The v/ovA cavi'ilio from the Latin i:<i 

Cavallo aguado, a fbundcr'd horfe. 

Cavallo albardo'n, a horfe for bur- 

CavaUo amormado, aglander'd horie. 

Cavallo de axedréz, a knight at cheis. 

CavaUo de caña, a hobby-horfe for 
a child. 

CavaUo de carro, a cart-horie. 

CaiaUo de buena boca, a horfe that 
has a good mouth. 

CavaUo de río, a river or water- 
horfe, fuch as they fay there are in the 
rivers in Africk. 

CavaUo desbocado, a hard-mouth'd 

CavaUo de siUa, a faddle-horfe. 

CiivaUo refiivo, a reftif horie. 

CavaUo harón, a jade of a horfe. 

CavaUo enjaezado, a horfe with all 
his furniture. 

CavaUo arrocinado, a poor- jade of a 

CavaUo briofi, a mettleibme horfe. 

CavaUo enano, a Cnall horie. 

CavaUo mortjco, a fine Mooriih horfe, 
a barb. 

CavaUo Ugiro, a light horie. 

CavaUo corredor, a ñeet horie. 

CavaUo garañón, a ftallion. 

CavaUo de mam, a led horfe. 

CavaUo de pofia, a poft-horfe. 

CavaUo de alquiler, a hackney-horfe. 

CavaUo medró/o, a ilartiiig horfe. 

CavaUo trope f ador, a ftumbling horfe. 

CavaUo aftnático, a broken-winded 

CavaUo acezofo, idem. 

CavaUo indómito, an horfe that is not 
broke, or that is ungovernable. 

CavaUo alazán, a forrel horfe. 

Cavallo alazán tojiado, a dark ibrrel 

Cavallo limonero, the thill-horfe of a 

Cavallo Frifon, a great F/ííkíít/ horfe, 
ib called becaufe they breed in Frize- 
land. It is alfo a Cheval de Prize, or 

C A V 

! turn-pike, ufcd in war to keep oif 

Cavallo entero, a flone-horfe. 

Cavallo cajlrado, a gelding. 

Cavallo que Jacitde , o da del lomo, a 
trotting horfe. 

Cavallo remendado, a piebald horfe. 

Cavallo de ¿)-;'rf<i, ■ a. running fleet 

Cavallo cal fado, a horfe that has one 
white foot. 

Cavi'tlla armiñado, a dappled horfe 
like ermines, 

Cavallo abatanado, a flea-bitten 

Cavallo faino, a horfe of a dark co- 
lour, without any ipot of white, e- 
fteemed vicious. 

Cavallo hito, or morcillo, a black 

Cavallo quatrálbo, a horfe that has 
four white feet. 

Cavallo -picazo, a pied horfe. 

Cavallo hovero, a cream - colour'd 

Cavallo travádo, or ydo del pié a la 
mano, a horfe that has a fore and a 
hind foot white, but both of a fide. 

Cavallo trajlravado, a horfe that has 
a fore and a hind foot white, but oa 
the oppofite fides. 

Cavallo rubicán, an horie that has 
large black ipots. 

Cavallo de buha andánfa, calcado 
del pie del cavalgar, y de la mano de la 
lanfa. Here it is worth obferving, 
that the Spaniards call the fore-foot of 
a horfe, or other beaft, mdno, a hand, 
and the hind-foot pié, or a foot. So 
the phraie is, A good going horie is 
Ihod on the near foot, that is, has a 
white near foot, and on the hand of 
the lance, that is, the off fore-foot. 

Cavallo rucio, a grey horfe. 

Cavdllo rucio rociado, a dapple-grey 

Cavdllo cafldm, a cheilnut-colour'J 

Cavdllo bayo, a bay horfe. 

Cavdllo bayo ofcnro, a brown bay 
horfe, - 

Hazér mal a un cavdllo, to manage 
a horfe, to ride him, and bring him t» 

Prov. De Tos cavdilos a lot dfnos : 
From the horfcs to the aflbs. This 
they fay when a man declines, and be- 
comes unfit for learning. 

Prov. Cavdllo lobero a puerta de al- 
béytar, o decavalliro: A cream-colour 
horfe is either at a farrier's door, or at 
ibme "rcat peribn's. Becaufe they rec- 
kon them mettleibme and beautiful, 
and therefore fi: for great men ; but at 



th(, fame time weak and unfound, and 
therefore often at the iiiiirli's door. 

I'lov. C avallo que hue/.:, no qui ¿ye 
effiíéh : A horft that Hies requires no 
Ipiir. That is, you nnift no: fjjur a 
free horil- to dcatli. 

Prov. filial compra caíJllo, compra 
cuidado: He that buys a horfe, buys 
care. That is, he muii look after him 

I'lov. §¿i¡(n no fe ave¡:iúra¡ no anda 
a cavdUo : He who docs not venture, 
coi.5 no: ride. That is, nothing ven- 
ture, nothing have. 

I'rov. Reniego de cav.ilh que fe en- 
frena por el rabo: I renounce a horfe 
that is bridled by the tail. That is, a 

Prov. Acanallo comedor cabéjlro corto : 
An eating horfe muíl have a iliort 

Prov. Cavdlh ligero en guerra, hom- 
bre de armas en paz, irfante nunca ja- 
más : A light-hoiftman in . war, a 
man ac arms in peace, a foot-ibldier 
never. Advice to ftrve in the light 
horfe in time of war, becaufe that fer- 
vicc is better than tjic heavy armour, 
which kills men with its weigh: ; and 
befidcs, the light horfe get more booty. 
In time of peace a man at arms, or 
curiaifier, becaule the pay is better, 
and then ¿here is little to do : but a 
foot-foldier never, bccaufe his pay is 
fmal!, and his :oil grca:. 

Prov. Cavallo que olean ca pajfár 
qucrria : A horfe that overtakes, or 
over- 1 caches, for it fignifies both, 
would pafs on before. That is, he 
who ftrivcs to be equal with another, 
if he could, would be above him. 

Prov. j'J cavallo has de mirar, que a 
la yegua no has de catar : You mull 
look upon the horfe, but take no no- 
tice of the mare. That is, f;r the 
qondncfs of the breed ; and fo in a 
man for his quality, v/hich comes by 
his father, and not by the mother. 

Prov. Cavallo ruán muchos le loan, 
y pocos le han : Many praife a roan 
horfe, and few have him. That co- 
lour is valued in Spain, and icarce. 

Prov. Cavallo que ha de ir a la guer- 
ra, ni le come el Idm, ni le aborta la 
yegua : The horfe that is to sp to the 
\\ar is neither devour'd by wolves, 
nor caft in foal by the mare. That is, 
what God has decreed no accident pre- 

Cavana, vid. Cabana. 

Cavañue'la, vid. Cabañuela. 

Cava'r, to dif;, to delve, to make 
hcllow. \.M. cavare, to make hjllow. 

Cavar en el penfamicnto, to make an 

C A V 

imprefflon on the mind ; to be lb fixt 
tliat one cannot forget it. 

Cavar la matina en la herida, is 
when the corruption eats down into 
the tlefll. 

Ca'vas, depths, hollows. 

Ca\'azoNj digging, hollowing. 

Cauca, a conliderable river vv'hich 
rifes in the province of Popayan in 
South America, runs into that of Car- 
tiigena, and there falls into the Rio de la Madalena. 

Ca'uce de rio, the fpace between 
the bank and the main Itream of a ri- 

Cauciók, a caution, a furety, a 
bail, a bondfman. 

Preflar caución, to put in bail. 

CAt;cioNE'Ro, a bondfman, a 

Cauda'l, a ftock, what a man is 
worth ; alio wealth, ^aji capital. 

JHaze'r caudal de una cofa, to value a 
thing, to make accoimt of it. 

Hombre de caudal, a man of fub- 

Caudaloso, rich, wealthy, well 

Rio caudalofo, a mighty river. 

Caudie'l, a town in the kingdom 
oí Valencia in Spain, has i6o houfes. 

CAt;DÍLLO, a captain, a leader. 

Ca've, vid. Cabe. 

Cave'^a, vid. Cabera. 

Caveca'da, vid. Cabéfada. 

Cave^ón, vid. Cabefón. 

CavecÚdo, vid. Cabepido, 

Cavecüe'la, vid. Cabecuéla. 

Cavella'do, vid. Cabellado. 

Cave'llo, viá. Cabello. 

CavellÚdo, vid. Cabelludo. 

Cave'r, vid. Caber. 

Cave'rna, a cavern, a den, a cave, 
a grot, .a hole. 

Cavernoso, full of caves, dens, or 

Cavestra'r, vid. Cabeflrar. 

Cave'stro, vid. Cabcflro,. 

Cave'to, a term in architefture, 
fignifying the hollow between the two 
rounds a: the foot of a column ; our 
architects call it the trochile. 

Cavezlido, vid. Cabezudo. 

Caví, a root in the Wefl Indies, of 
which Ao/?« gives no account, but on- 
ly the name. 

Cavíua, vid. Cabida. 

Cavida'd, a hoUownefs. 

CavÍdo, vid. Cabido. 

^ Avn,A, or cabida, vid. Aloe. 

Cavilación, cavilling contention. 

Cavila'r, to cavil, to contend, to 

Cayiida'da, Via, Cabildada. 

C A U 

CavÍLDO, vid. Cabildo. 

Cavíllas, iron pins belonging to 
the building and rigging of a lliip. 

Gavillas de los bráfoj, the fmall bones 
of the arms. 

Gavillador, a carpenter thac 
drives the pins and bolts in fliips. 

Cavilo^ vid. Cavilación. 

Gavilosame'nte, contcntiouíly. 

Caviloso, contentious, quarrel- 

Cauleva'do, Obf. fupported, raifed 

Caulevadór, Obf. one that fup- 
ports or raifes up. 

Caule.a'r, Obf. to fupport, to 
raife up, 

Cauuño marino, a flrangc fiíh in 
the fea all of a lump, without any fi- 
gure of a fifh. 

Ca'vo, vid. cabo, 

C a'u o, a river in the province of 
Guiana in South America. 

Cauque'nes, a nation of warlike 
Indians in the kingdom of Peru in 
South Amer'ica. 

Caurora, a river in tiie province 
of Guiana in South America. 

Ca'usa, a cauie. Lat. 

Causa'do, caus'd. 

Causa'r, to caufe. 

Causídico, a counfellor, a lawyer 
that pleads cauies. 

Causón, a burning fever. • Greek 

C a'u s t 1 c o, cauflick , burning. 
Greek cauflicon, burning. A cauftick 
ufed by furgcons to burn off any fleih. 

Ca'usto, burnt. 

Cautame'nte, cautioufly, warily. 

Caute'la, caution, warinefs ; alio 
a fraud or cheat. From the Lat. caveo, 
to take heed. 

Prov. 'Vna cautela con otrafe quiebra : 
One artifice difappoints another ; dia- 
mond cuts diamond. 

Cautela'r, to be cautious, wary, 
or circumipecl. 

Cautelosa M e'n t t%. cautiouf- 
ly, warily ; alfo deceitfully. 

Cauteloso, cautious ; alfo crafty, 

Caute'n, a moft beautiful and fér- 
til valley in the kingdom of Chile in 
South America, where' the Spaniards 
built-the nobleft city that was in all 
thoie parts, in which there were 
300000 married Indians that ierv'd 
them. This city they call'd Imperial, be- 
caufe at their coming into the province 
they found over all the doors, and on 
the tops of houfes, ipread eagles carv'd 
in wood. There is alio a river of the 
fame name runs through this valley. 



CXüTe'rio, a cautery or fearing- 
Jron, fuch as furgeons ufe. Greek 
cato, to burn. 

Cauteriza'do, cauterized, fear'd 
with an hot iron. 

Cauteriza'r, to cauterize, to fear. 

Cautiva'do, captivated, madepri- 

Cautiva'r, to captivate, to take 

Cautive'rio, captivity, bondage. 

Cautivo, a (lave, a prifoner. 

Ca'uto, cautious, wary, circum- 
fpeft ; alfo the name of a river in the 
ifland of Cuba in America, 

C A X 

Ca'xa, a box, cheil, desk, coffer, 
or coffin, a bin, the ftock of a gun , 
alio a drum. 

Caxama'lca, a town, valley, and 
province in the north part of the king- 
dom oí Peru, next the province of^uito 
in South America. 

Caxe'ro, a joiner, a box-maker ; 
alio a pedlar, and a caili-keeper. 

Caxe'ta, Caxi'ta, or Caxilla, a little 

Ca'xo, Obf. the jaw or cheek. 

Caxónj a great box or cheft, or a 

Ca-xoncíllo, a little chefl, or a 
little drawer. 

Caxónes, the lockers aboard a ihip, 
which are like little cupboards or boxes, 
made faft to the fides of the ihip to lay 
up things. 

Caxue'la, a little box. 

Caxcí.ue'te, vid. Caftjue'te, 

Caxq.uÍllo, vid. Caf(¡w'¡lo. 


Caya'do, a íhephevd's hook; alio 
an old man's walking-ñaff. Arab. 

Caya'ma, an iiland in the great 
river Oronoque in South America. 

Caya've, a river in the province of 
Cuiana in South America. 

Ca'ycos, a parcel of iinall iflands 
north CiA:he great iiland Hifpaniola in 

Cay'da, a fall. 

^K'\T)\iruxia, a little ibrt of crane. 

Cay'do, fallen or difmay'd. 

Caye'ta, a fmall territory iii the 
province oí Br n fit in South America, 

Ca'yga, Caygo, vid. Caer. 

Cayma'n, a crocodile, or rather the 
alligator, Lund in the Weft Indies, 
whence this name was brought. 

Cayma'nes, three fmall iflands to 
the fouthward of the great iiland of 
Cuba in South America. 

Caymie'nto, a falling or difiaay 

C E B 

CaymIto, a fmall iiland ii leagues 
north-eall of cape D. Maria of the iiland 
Hifpaniola, in America, Alio an herb 
growing in the Weft Indies, oí which 
1 do not find any particular account, 

^a'yno, a brown bay, or cheftnut 
horfe, without any mark of another 
colour, which is look'd upon as a fign 
he is vicious ; thence taken for a falfe 
or treacherous man. 

Cayola'cí,ve, a fort of perfume. 

Cayoús, a fort of fruit growing in 
Brazil as big as a large cheltnut. 

Cayraboa, the chief river in the 
iiland of Puerto Rico in America. 

Ca'yrej Cayro, Cayron, or Cairáda, 
or Cayria, in cant, is what a whore 
earns with her body. 

Cayre'l, a fort of border of needle 
work upon the edges of garments made 
by drawnig out ot threads , alfo a bor 
der of falfe hair. 

Cayrela'do, border'd as above. 

Cayrela'r, to border as above. 

Cayrelota, in cant, a fliirt or 
finock that is laced. 

C a'y r o, the famous city Grand 
Cayro in Egypt. 


Caz, a mill-dam. 

Ca'za, vid. Capa, 

Ca'za, muilin. 

Caza'lla, vid. Capaila. 

Cazca'krias, daggles, any dirt or 
rags hanging about any thing. 

C A z I c{. u E, a cazique, or Indian 

Ca'z ma, a port of fmall note in the 
kingdom oi Peru. 

Ca'zo, vid. cuco. 

Cazole'ta, vid. Cacolífa. 

Cazolilla, vid. CacoUUa. 

Cazón, vid. Capón. 

Cazorro, v'iá. Caparro, 

Cazue'la, vid. Capucla, 

c e'a 

Cr, a foft way of calling, as we do 
with a hem. 

C e'aj a town in the kingdom of 
Leon in Spain, not far from Sahagun, 
feared on craggy rocks near the river 
Cea ; it has not above loo houfes, two 
parilhes, and a ftrong caftle. • 

Cea'tica, vid. Ciática, 
C E B 

Ceba'da, vid. Cevitda. 

Cebade'ro, a place to fatten any 
creatures in. 

Cebadilla, fnufF made of herbs to 
provoke fneezing. 

Ceea'do, fed, baited, greas'd, tal- 

Cebellinas mártas¡ the rich furs 
call'd fables. 

C E D 

Ceba'r, to bait, to feed, togrcafci 
to tallow. 

Cebíl, vid. Cew'l, 

Cebo, bait, food, tallow. 

Prov. No le fitlte cebo al palomar^ 
que ¡as palomas illas fe vendrán: Let 
there be no want of food in the dovc- 
houfe, and the pigeons will come of 
theinfclves. Wherever there is plenty, 
there is no want of company. 

Cebolla, an onion, h^l.cipa. 

Cebolla alharrana, a wild onion ; 
alio a fquill or fea-onion. 

Cebolla afcaUnia, a fcallion. 

Cebolla'da, a fort of pottage made 
with onions. 

Cebolla'r, a place where onions 

Ceeolle'ra, a woman that fella 

Ceeolle'ta, or Cebollino, a young 

Cebon, a fatted hog ; thence any 
fat beafi. 

Ce'bra, a beaft in Africk ihaped 
like a horfe, hard to be tam'd, won- 
derful fleet, and will hold its courfe 
all day. 

Fulana es (¿mo una cebra, fuch a 
woman is like the cebra. That is, 
high-ipirited and ungovernable. 

Cebrata'na, vid. Zebratana, ' 

Cebre'ras, a town in the biiho- 
prick of Awla in the kingdom Caftile 
in Spain, corruptly fo called from Ci- 
per.iis the name of a mountain near it. 

Cebrian, Cyprian, the name of a 
man corruptly fo call'd in Spaniih. 
C E C 

Ce'ca, a mint. Arabick. Alfo a 
place of devotion among the Moors in 
the city Cordova, to which they us'd 
to go in pilgrimage from other places. 
Thence the 

Prov. Andar de Ceca en Meca : To 
go from Ceca to Mecca. That is, to 
iaunter about to no purpofe, as the 
Moors did upon thofe two pilgrimages. 

Cecea 'r, to lifp. 

Ceceoso, one that liips. 

Cecia'l, vid. Cicial. 

Cecilia, the proper name of a 
woman, Cicily. 

Cecina, hung beef or mutton, meat 
faltcd and then hung up to dry. In 
Spain they do it in the open air, and 
fay it is beft in the coldeft parts. 

Cecina'do, faltcd, ;.nd hung to 

Cecina'r, to fait, and hang meat 
to dry. 

C E D 
Cedace'ro, a Ceve-maker. 
CloacIlloj a little lieve. 

X Prov. 

C E G 

Prov. Ctdacillo Kuiio ires ilúts er, 
tjlaca: A ntw fievc is three days on 
the pin. That is, for the firll three 
days any thing is taken care of, and 
laid up, bit alterwards ncgleíícd, and 
thfow 11 down any where, 

Ccda'^o, a lieve. Quad cerdáfo, of 

CEDA^ut'LO, a little (ieve. 

CiDAZiLLO, Cei!.izo, CedaxMeh ; vid. 
C edil cilio, Cedaco, Ceda cuelo. 

C£D£'r, to yield, to give way, to 
quit, torclign. \.V. cederé. 

CiDiBONEs ; as, Hazcr ced.'lJaef, to 
Tenga all up. Corrupt from cederé borín. 
Alfo to deny what one has faid, to cat 
one's words. 

Crnicio, tainted, corrupted, faded, 

^edÍll.a, the letter c wi:h a daih 
under it thus, f, or rather the dafli it 
fclf, which in Spaniili makes it be 
pronounced like an / before the let- 
ters <r, 0, u; by our printers call'd a 

Ce'do, foon, early, haftily ; more 
ufed now in I'ortuguefe than in Spa- 

CtDRjNO, of cedar. 

Ce'dro, a cedar-tree ; they grow 
in many parts oijljia, and mount Liba- 
vui is famous for them. There is alio 
great plenty of them in the fl'eji Indies, 
and F. ¡fcf. Acojl. nat. hift- W. Iiid. 1. 4. 
c. 30. p. 269. lays, there is great plenty 
of them, and very fweet on l\\t Ar.des, 
or mountains oí Peru, on thofe of the 
firm land in the illands of Hicaragna 
and 'Seiu Spain. 

Ce'dras, an ifland in xhs South Sea, 
oft" of CaUfornia, in 18 degrees and a 
quarter of north latitude. 

Ce'dul'a, a fchtdule, a fcroll, a 
bill, a note, a ticket, an obligation, a 
writ, a warrant. Greek fcediila, any 
fl:ort writing. 

Cédula real, an order, grant, or war- 
«nt from the king. 

Cédula de alqulér, a bill upon a 
houfe, to fliow it is to be let. 

CeduxÍlla, a little bill, note, or 
Kir icing. 

CtDULÓN, a great bill, note, or 

C E F 

Ceb A^Lrco, cephalick, good for the 
head, or belonging to it. . Greek ce- 
ftale, the head. 

Ci'iiRo,. vid. zéphiroi. 

Cega'do, blinded. 
CtGAtiL'sj pHrbliiidneli, diraneC of 

C E L 

Cegagea'r, to be purblind or dim- 

Cegajoso, purblind, dim-fighted. 

Cegamie'nto, blinding; alfo Hop- 
ping up any place or hole. 

Cega'r; Prxf. To Ciego ; Prxt. Ce- 
giié , to blind, or grow blind, to Hop 
up any place, pafl'age, or hole. Latin 

Ciégale Santanton, blind him, S. A)!- 
iony. A phrafe among the vulgar fort 
to wifli a man blind, when he goes 
about a thing they would not have 
him do. 

Antes ciegues quo tal veas, may you 
be firuck blind before you fee it. An 
imprecation, when a man wiihes or 
hopes to fee foniething that is againfi 
our iiieliiiacion or interell. 

Cegarra PÓS0, c;tCegarráta,Ío they 
call a man or woman that is ihort 
or wcak-fightcd, cither in fcorn or in 

A cegarritas, with the eyes ihut, 
blindfold, or blindly. 

CegÍl, that belongs to the publi<;l%. ; 
as, Soldados cegiles, foldiers paid by a 
body politick. 

Cegúda, vid. Cegúta, 

Cecueda'd, blindneís. 

Cegueja'r, to do any thing blind- 
ly, to a£t biindnefs. 

Cegue'ra, blindneís. 

Cegúta, hemlock. Lat, cicuta. 

C E J 

Ce'ja, the eye-brow. Lat. cilium. 
It is alfo an edging to a garment or 
any thing that is worn ; and "in mu(i- 
cal inftruments the little thing that 
raifes the Itrings at the neck, that they 
may not lie Bat along it. Alfo the 
edge of a mountain. 

Liiarcar las cejas, to draw up the 
eye-brows, as when we gaze at any 
thing with admiration. 

Velúrfe las cejas, to lofe the hair of 
the eyebrows. That is, to mufe or 
fludy fo hard till a man burns his hair. 
Alfo to pull one's eye-brows for vexa 

Darle a uno entre ceja y ceja, to hit a 
man betwixt the eye-brows. That is, 
to fay or "do any thing that touches him 
to the quick ; bccauie in fliooting that 
is the bcft fliot which hits the beall be- 
tween [he eyes. 

Ceja'r, to put back a coach or cart, 
or the like, making the hor fes go back 

Cejudo, bcetle-brow'd, one that 
has bufliy eye-brows. 


Cela'dAj an ambulb ; alfo an hel- 

C E L 

met, and a place of ambiifh. jicekfidty 
from covering or hiding. 

Prov. A celada de 'bellacos, mejor es el 
hdmLre por los pies, que por ¡as manos: 
Againlt an ambufli of knaves a man 
had better trull to his feet than to his 
hands. It is better to fly from villains, 
than engage with them. 

Cela'do, hidden ; alfo jealoufly 
look'd after. 

Celador, a concealer ; alfo one 
that is zealous in a caufe. 

Cela'je, a concealing, the hiding 
the fun under clouds. 

Calamie'nto, hiding, concealing. 

Celanova, a town in the king- 
dom of Galicia in Spain, S leagues from 
Orenfe, on the banks of the river Lima, 
has i5ohoufes, one parilh, and one 
monaftery of monks. 

Cela'r, to conceal, to hide; alia 
to be zealous, or jealous. 

Ce'lda, a cell, properly of a religi- 
ous man in a monaltery. 

Celebración, a celebration, a fa- 

Celebrando, celebrated, folemni- 
zed ; alfo famous or renowned. 

Cele BR ADOR, one that celebrates^ 
or folemnizes, or applauds. 

Celebramie'ntjj, a celebrating, or 
folemnizing, or applauding. 

Celebra'r, to celebrate, to folem- 
nize, to applaud, to extol. Latin. 

Celelrrar ¡as féjias, to keep holy- 

Celebrar ¡a m(¡fa, to fay mafs. 

Ce'lelre, renwncd, famous. 

Fiéjla cdehre, a great holy- day. 

Celebrida'd, a folemnity. 

Cele'bro, the brain. Lat. cere- 

Caer de celebro, to fall down back- 

Celedonia, the herb celandine, 
fwallow-wort, tetterwort, or lilken- 

Cele'drio, an obfolete proper name 
of a man. ^' 

Gele'ma, the filh called a fliad, or 
fea- raven ; alfo as caléma. 

Celemín, a dry meafure anfwerar- 
bk to our peck, and not much differ- 
ing from it in quantity. 

Celemine'ro, one that meafures or 
fells out by the peck, a retailer. 

Ce'llr, fwift. Lat. fcarce ufed in 
Spaniih, tho' the following fubftantive 
is frequent. 

Cellrida'd, fwiftnels. 

Cele'ste, heavenly. 

Az.itl ccléjie, sky-colour. 

Celestia'l, heavenly, celeftial. 

' . CSLESTi- 

C E N 

CeIestialsie'nte, after aa hea- 
venly manner. 

Celestina, Celefiine, the proper 
name of a woman, little ufed fincc the 
famous tragi-comedy Cel:fti)ia was writ, 
which represents a wicked old bawd. 

Celiba'tGj celibacy, a Ungle lift. 

Celício, vid. Cilído, 

Cejlidonia, or Celidueña, the herb 
pilewort, or celandine. See Ray hift. 
plant, p. 579. 

ce'lo, zeal. Lat. zelus, 

CelorÍco, a town of :ibout 300 
houfes, 3 leagues from the city Guarda 
in Portugal, has three parillies, one 
hofpital, and three chapels. 

Ce'los ; as, Tener celos, to be jea- 
lous ; Pedrr celos, to charge one with 
having given cauie of jealoufy. 

Celosa gaUra, a very fwifc galley. 
From the Lat. celox, fwifc. 

Celosías, lattices for windows, 
doors, or the like, being fciall laths in 
chequers, which hang btfore the win- 
■dows in Spain, that thofe within may 
fee all that is done in the ñreet, with- 
out being feen. 

Celoso, jealous or zealous. 

Celsitud, highnefi, loftineis. Lac. 

Celtibe'ria, chat part oí Spain a- 
bout the river Ebro, and next to France, 
was formerly called by this name, be- 
caufe che people are a mixcure of Celts 
come out of Gaul, and Iberians, the 
native Spaniards. 


Cementa'do, founded, the foun- 
dation laid ; alio cemented. 

Cejientador, one that lays a 
foundation, or chat cements. 

CEMrNTA'R ; Prsf. Cemiénto ; Pi'ít. 
Cementé ; to lay the foundation, alio 
to cement. 

Cemente'rio, a church-yard. Lat. 

:J C E N 

Ce'na, a iupper. Lar. It is ibme- 
times writ corruptly for ¡cena. 

Cena a efcúras, a covetous wretch, 
who will not allow hirafelf lb much as 
light CO eac his fupper by. 

Prov. §iiién fe echa fin cena, toda la 
roche devanea: He who goes co bed 
fupperlefs, raves all nighc. 

Prov. ^ién no merienda a ¡a cena lo 
enmienda: He who cats no afccrnoon's 
lunchion mends it at fupper. That is, 
he is the hungrier, and eacs the more. 

Cena cho, a pannier, or hamper. 

Cena cvlo, a dining or fupping- 
room. Lat. 

Ce'Sada'l, vid. Cenagal, 

. C E N 

Cenade'ro, a parlour, or fupping- 

Cenador, a dining or fupping- 
room, an arbour or fummer-houle in a 
garden co fup in, in hoc v.'eather. 

Cenaga'l, a bog, a quagmire, a 
dirty muddy place. 

Cenagoso^ d'tty, muddy, iniry. 

Cena'r, to fup. 

Cence'ño, fíngle, fpare, lean, chin. 

Pan cencéTto, unleavened bread. 

Cencerrea'r, to ring a low bell ; 
met. to faunter about. 

Cencerrillo, a litcje bell for a 
cow, or bell-ivcacher. 

Cínce'rro, a bell, fuch as is hung 
about a cow or a bell-weacher. 

life a cencerros tapados, to fleal a- 
way privately ; becaufe carriers, when 
they are to go thro' lome place where 
chey lear chieves, take off their bells, 
that ihey may noc give notice of their 
approach. Hence 

Levantar el campo a cencerros tapi- 
dos, to raifc a camp, and march away 
without beat of drum. 

Fulano es un cencerro, fuch a one is a 
babbling prating fellow. 

P*ov. Quién echará el cencerro al gato : 
vid. Cfífcahél, 

Cencerrón, a great horfe-bell ; 
alio a great cluíler of any fort of 

Cenda'l, fine linnen, as lawn, 
or fine lilk like tiffany. Arabick. Alfo 
cotton to put into an ink-horn. 

Cendalilla, a refllels little wench 
that cannot be quiet in a place. From 
the Arabick cendal, a thin leaf which 
is carry'd about with every wind. 

Ce'ndra, the afties goldfmiths ufe 
to clean plate. 

Cendra'do, cleans'd, purg'd, re- 
fined ; as, 

Plata cendrada, pure fine (ilver. 

Cendra'r, to cleanfe, purify, or 

Ceneda'l, vid. Cenagal, 

Cene'fa, the vallance of a bed, or 
any fuch thing hanging round a gar- 

Cenid, the zenith, the point in 
heaven diredly over our head ; the ver- 
tical point, from which dropping an 
imaginary line thro' the earth, is form- 
ed the oppofite point on the other fide 
the fphere called the nadir. Cenid cor- 
ruptly for zenith, Arab. 
Ceniza, allies. Lat. c!>2Ís. 
Miércoles de ceniza, Aíh-wedneííiay. 
Prov. Allegar ceniza, y defperdiciár 
harina : To gather aíhes, and wafte 
meal. To fave what's worth nothing, 
and be lavifli of what is valuable. "To 

C E N 

fave at the Ipiggot, and let it run out 
at the bung. 

Ceniza'r, CO cover or iprkikle witJi 

Cenize'ro, the place under the 0- 
ven where they throw the allies. 

Cenizie'nto, full of aíhes. 

Cenizoso, idem. 

Ceñide'ro, a girdle. 

Ceñido, girt. 

Animal ceñido, an infefl. 

Ceñidor, a girdle, or one that 

Ceñidorcíllo, a little girdle. 

Ceñidura, girding. 

Ceñir , Prsf. To Cir.o ; Pra:t. Cení, 
to gird, CO encompafs. Lac. cingere. 

Ceñir/e en ¡a oración, Co abridge 
one's dilcourle. 

Ceñir efpada, to gird on a fvvcrd, 
to be come to man's cflate, to 'vvear 
a fword. 

Ce'ko, a lowring, frowning, or 
ftern look. 

Prov. ceño y enféño del mal hi'jo haze 
bueno : Frowns and teaching make a 
bad fon good. That is, ftverity and 
good inih'udions correit youch. 

Ceñudo, one chat looks angrily, 
frowning, or lowring. 

CenogÍl, a garter. Ital. grnóchio, 
a knee. 

Cenota'phio, an empty tomb raif- 
ed in honour of a dead pcrlbn, whole 
body is in another place. From the 
Greek kenos, empty, and taphe, a fe- 

Cinsata'rio, he that is obliged to 
the payment of an annuity out of his 

Cense'ro, a farmer. 

Ce'nso, a charge upon a man's 
eftate, as of an annuity, a revenue, a 
tax, the felling or rating a man's 

Cé7ifo perpetuo, a yearly income or 
revenue upon an eftate for ever, which 
the owner of the eftate cannot buy off, 
unlefs he to whom it belongs pleafcs to 

Cénfi al quitar, an annuity payable 
out of an eftate for a valuable confidc- 
ration given, till the owner of the e- 
ftate pleales to refund the fiun recciv'd, 
which he may do without asking con- 
fent of the peribn to whom it is due. 

Cei^fo de por vida, an • annuity for 
life, a life-rent. 

Censor, a cenlbr, a reformer of 
manners ; alfo a taxcr or fcíTor. 

Censua'l, the eftate that is cy'd to 
pay an annuity, or charged with it. 

Censura, a cenfure i alio felling 
or rating. 

X 1 ClMSV 

C E N 

<!ensüXa'do, «nfured. 
Censura'r, tocenfure. 
Cbnsurador, a ccnforious perfon. 
Centa'ura, or Centaurea, the herb 
centaury. Lat. centaiirinm. Ray. 

Cénta'uro, a centaurc, a monfier 
poets ftign'd to be half horfe and half 

CENTE'tLA, a fpark of fire. Lat. 
fcintiUa. Met. a ihiall motive or oc- 
calion. Alfo the herb wolf-bane, and 
a fliell-fiih that Ihines. 

I'rov. De peqiié'ia centella gran ho- 
güira : A little fpark raifes a great fire. 
Small cauies fomctimes produce great 

CentelladÚra, a fparkling. 
Centella'nte, fparkling. 
Cente'llas, the name of a noble 
family. As alfo a town in Catalonia, 
7 leagues from Barcelona, wall'd, has a 
ikong caftle, and 500 houfes, 
Centellea'r, to fparkle. 
Centellue'ia, a little fpark of 

Cente'nAj the place of hundreds in 
numeration ; as units, tens, hundreds. 
Una centena, an hundred. 
Centena'l, a field of rye. 
Centena'r, an hundred, or the 

CtNTENA'Rio, the hundredth, an 
iiundred, or belonging to an hun- 

Cknte'no, rye ; lb called, becaufe 
V\ Spain it yields an hundred for one. 

Dor en una cofa cómo en centeno iiér- 
4?,. to fall 01) as it were on green rye 
1» confume a thing in a very fhort 
Oirm.- ; becaufe the cattle, they fay 
teed very greedily on green rye. 

CENTILOQ.U10, the hundredth dia- 
Ibgue, or difcourib between an him- 

CentIna, a term among architeñs, 
fignifying a line drawn from the point 
of the upper and lower retrañion of a 
column to the point of the diameter 
that marks out the middle part of the 

Centine'la, a centinel. 
Ce>.tiné!a perdida, a centinel perdue ; 
that is,, one that is in lome very dan- 
gerous poft near an enemy, in hazard 
of being loft.. 

Centola, a crab. 
Centolla, a tortoife. 
Cr.NTONiS', a Ibrt of poetry ga- 
ther'd cut of many authors. 
■ Centória, the herb centaury. 

Ce'ntro, the centre, the point 
whence all lines drawn to the circum- 
fcri.nce are equal. Latin. 

Cen.turjAj a century, an hundred 

C E R 

years ; alfo a company of an hundred 1 
men, or that number of any thing. 

Centturiana'sgo, the office or 
poft of a captain commanding an hun- 
dred men. 

Centurión, acenturion, a captain 
that commands an hundred men. 

Centuriona'ígo, vid. Centuria' 

Cenzíllo, fingle, plain, íímple, 
fmall, thin. 


Ce'pa, the body of the vine, whence 
the branches ñioot out ; the bottom or 
foot of any tree, the foundation of a 
houfe ; alfo a hedge. 

Cpa cavixUo, the ground- thiftle. 

£>£ luina cepa¡ ot a good ftock or 

Ce'phiro, vid. Zéphiro. 

Ce'phos, a beaft found in Ethiopia, 
which has the hinder legs like a man. 

Cepilla, a little body of a vine. 

Cepilla'do, planed with a plane, 
as joiners do. 

Cepilladuras, Ihavings of wood 
that come off in planing. 

Cepilla'r, to plane as joiners do. 

Cepillo, a plane, a joiner's tool. 

Ce'po, the itocks to put offenders 
into ; a box for the poor i a clog, a 
gin to take wolves or other wild bcafts. 
From the Lat. capio, to take. 

Cepo de la ancla, the anchor- ftock, 
being a piece of timber faftned at the 
nuts of the anchor, croiTing the flocks, 
to guide the flooks, that one of them 
may be fure to fatten on the ground, 

Cepollria, a cheat. 

C E Q. 

Ceq.uÍ, a gold coin the Moors had 
in Spain ; fo called from ceca, which in 
Arabick is money. 

C E R 

Ce'ra, wax. Latin. 

Cera hilada, the fmall wax-candle 
they make into books. 

Cera de minera, mummy. 

Hazér de uno cera y pavilo, to turn 
and wind a man which way one plea- 
fes, as one does a finall wax-candle. 

Fulano es hecho de cera, fuch a one 
is made of wax That is, he is good- 
natured and tradable. 

H> le ha quedado Jtquiéra, cera en el 
¿ydo, he has not fo much as the wax in 
his ears left him. That is, he has loll 
all, he is come to nothing. 

Cera pez, a ibrt of ointment made 
with wax and pitch, QPc. 

Cera de trigo, is always taken for a 

Cerba'i, vid. Cerval,. 

C E R 

Cerbata'na, a trunk to fliootclajr 

CerbatÍllo, vid. Cervatillo. 

Ce'rbeca, vid. Cereza. 

Ce'rbero, the dog Cerberus. 

Cerbigudo, vid. Cervigudo. 

Cerbiguillo, vid. CerdguiUo. 

Cerbíz, vid. Cerviz. 

Ce' RCA, Adv. near, nigh, clofe by. 
Lat. circa. 

Ce'rca, Subft. an enclofure, hedge, 
wall, rampier, or the like. 

Cerca'do, enclofed, befef, befieged, 

Cercador, one that inclofes, be- 
fets, befiegcs, or encompalfcs. 

Cercaname'nte, nearly. 

Cercanía, nearnels. 

Cercanida'd, idem. 

Cerca'no, near at hand. 

C E R c a'r ; Praf. To Cerco, PrEC. 
Cerqué ; to inclofe, to btfct, to be- 
fiege, to encompafs, to wall, hedge, 
or fence. 

Cerceganíllo, a cold cutting 
north wind, diminutive of ciérco. 

Cerce'n, even with the root, dole 
to the bottom. As, Cortar las orejas 
a cercén, to cut off the ears clofe to the 
head. From circinus, a pair of com- 
pafles, as if mark'd out with them. 

Cerce'na, a cutting fliort, cutting 
round, clipping, diminifliing. 

Cercenando, dipt, diminifli'd, cut 

Cercenadór, a clipper, a dimi- 
niflier. In gamefters cant, one who in 
play, when he loies, diminilhes what 
, he fee, and comes off by bullying and 

Cercenadura, clipping, that whic.'i 
is clipp'd or cut oft". 

Cercena'r, to clip, to diminiib,. 
to cut round, to retrench ; met. to 
detraii, that is, to clip a man's repu- 

Cerce'ra, a Ihiall gap or window 
to give air or light to a dole place. 

Cerce'ta, fome fay it is ^ moor- 
hen, fome fay a teal. 

Cerce'tas de ciervo, the brow ant- 
liers of a buck or ftag. 

Cercillo, vid. farallo. 

Cercillo de w'd, the tendrel of it- 
vine, which winds about any thing it 
meets with. 

Ce'rco, a hoop, a iiege, a ring of 
men, a winding or compaifing about. 

céreo de cuba, a hoop. 

Céreo de la luna, the round of the 
full moon. 

Tomar un gran céreo, to take a great 
compaís about. 

C E R 

Haíér tí» céreo con el compás, to 
ílrike a circle with the compaílts. 

Poner céreo a un lugar, co befiege a 

Vn céreo de io lómbres, a ring of lo 

Bnirdr en circo, to get into a circle 
to conjure, as witches do, 

Ce'rda, ahog'sbrillle, ortheftrong 
hair of a hoifc's main, or tail. It is 
alfo the fiirname of the raoft noble fa- 
mily of the dukes of Medina Celi in 
Spain, lineally defcendcd from D. Fer- 
dinand de ¡a Cerda, cldeft fon to D. A- 
lonfo the wife, king of Cajiile, from 
whom his unkle Sancho ufurp'd the 
crown. He was call'd de la Cerda, 
becaufe of a mole he had on his back 
with long harih hair like briftles, and 
the furname defcended to his polle- 

La cerdana, a Spanilh dance. 

Cerda'ña, the country of Cerdagn, 
formerly belonging to Catalonia, tho 
parted from it by the Pyrenean moun- 
tains , of late years annex'd to the 
crown of France. 

Cerde'ña, the ifland of Sardinia in 
the Mediterrnean, 700 miles in compafs, 
very fruitful, has three archbiihopricks, 
four biihopricks, ftven cities, 431 
towns, two univerfities, one dukedom, 
li niaiquifates, 10 earldoms, one vif- 
countfliip, and nine baronies. Alfo a 
garment of furs us'd in that iiland, 
whence it took name. 

Cerdón, a fort of fifli on the coail 
oi Spain, not known in England. 

Cerdoso, briñly. 

Cere'ca, vjd. Cereza. 

Ceremonia, a ceremony, Lat, 

Ceremonia'l, the book of cere- 

Celemonia'tico, or Ceremon.ófo, 
ceremonious, formal, full of ceremony. 

Cerería, a wax - chandler's fliop, 
or the ilreet where the wax-chandlers 

Cere'u^, a wax-chandler. 

Ge'res, the goddefs of corn. 

Cere'za, a hart cherry. Lat. cera- 

«Czrexe'da, in cant, a chain. 

Cere'zo, a hart cherry-tree. Alio 
the name of a town in the kingdom of 
Old Cajfile in Spain, three leagues from 
Santo Domingo de ¡a Calcada, feated on 
a riling ground, near the river Tiron, 
walFd, and inhabited by 250 fami- 

Cerga'cos, the plant call'd the 

Cer IBONES, a word Very much cor- 
rupted from cederé bms, to deliver up 

C E R 

all one has faithfully, without conceal- 
ing any thing, to pay debts, ib the 
peribn go free. 

Cerilla, a little wax-candle. 

Cerillas, lip-falve. 

Cerijionioso, vid. Ceremon:ofo. 

Cermeña, a mufcadine pear. 

Cerna'da, buck-alhcs. Alfo a fort 
of dance us'd in Catalonia. 

Cernade'ro, a coarl'e cloth thro' 
which they ibrcin the lis to buck 

Carnede'ro, the place where they 
lift, or the cloth they put before them 
when they are lifting. 

Cerne' J AS, the foot -locks of a 
horie. §^aji cerdsjas, Ihort hairs. 

Cerne r, Prael'. To cierno ; Prst. 
Cerní, to fifr. It is alio whi.n birds 
hang in the air without moving from 
one place, only beating their wings 
and tails. 

Cerner las itldes, is wheiv the vines 
begins to blolTom. 

Cernícalo, a bird or kawk call'd 
a keflrel, or wind - whiffer ; ib call'd 
becaufe it will hang in the air only 
clapping its wings and tail, without 
moving out of the place, which in 
Spaniili they call cerner, as was faid 
above. In cant it is a woman's man- 

Cernido, fifted. 

Cernidor, one that lifts. 

Cernidura, lifting. 

Ce'ro , a cypher in arithmetick , 
which it felf Hands for nothing, but 
with a figure gives it ten times its own 

Ceroíera'rio, people hir'd to car- 
ry wax - flambeaux at a funeral, or in 

Ceron, vid. Serón. 

Cepóte, ftioe-makers wax. 

CERqun', vid. Cercar. 

CEÍIQ.UILLO or Cerquita, a little cir- 
cle or ring. 

Cercí.uÍta, near at hand. 

Cerradamente, clofely. 

Cerraderos, the firings of a purfe 
to draw it up together. 

Cerra'do, ihut, lock'd, made faft, 
clos'd, ftop'd up. 

Cerradura, a lock. 

Cerradura de golpe, a fpring lock. 

Prov. Ko aj cerradura donde es de ero 
la ganpia : There is no lock proof a- 
gainft a golden pick-lock. 

Cerra ge'ro, vid. Cerrajero. 

Cerra'ja, a lock. 

Cerra'jas, the fow-thifllc, whereof 
there are many forts, as the common, the 

Ifmooth, thw narrov/ leav'd, the mouii- 
taiji blue flower'd, the prickly v.ith 

C E K 

jagged leaves, the round leav'd prick- 
ly , the fea narrow leav'd, the tree, 
and the grcateft marfli-tree fow-thi- 
lUe. Ray Hijl. Plant. 

Todo es .agua de cerrajas, it is all 
Ibw-thiflle water. This they fay when 
a man talks much and little to the 
purpofe. Whence the parity I do not 
underftand, unlcls becaufe fow- thiltlo- 
water is plentiful and good for no- 

Cerrajc'ro, a lock-ilnith. 

Chrra'llas, in cant, locks. 

Ccrra'lle, lb the Spaniards cor- 
ruptly write and pronounce the ferag- 

Cerra'lvo, a town and marqui- 
fate in Cajiile. 

Cerra'r, Pra;f. To cierro ; PnEt., 
Cerré, to ihut, to lock, to clofe up, ta- 

Cerrar con las picas, to come up to 
pufli of pike. 

Cerrar ¡a béjlia, ofer cerrada, wheit 
a beall's age cannot be known by its. 
teeth ,. when the mark is out of a 
horfe's mouth. 

Cerrarfe de campiña, to fet up a re- 
Iblution not to grant what is ask'd. 

Cerrar con to que fe 'vénde,to ílrike up 
a bargain without much hagling. 

Cerrar los ¿'¡os a lo que fe va a ha- 
zji; to go about a thing without con- 
fid ering or looking before one. 

Cerrarje li mcUéra, is for the skull 
to clofe. To begin to have dilcre- 

Cerrar la caént.i, to clofe the ac- 

Cerrarfe las velambres, is for the 
lime when marriage is forbid to come. 

Cerrarfe las heridas, is for wounds to 
clofe and heal- 

Cerrar la léfiia, or fer cerrada, is 
when the mark is out of a beaft's 

Cerrar puerto, to take away an op- 
portunity, to deny pofitivcly. 

Cerrar con el enemigo, to cloie with 
the enemy. 

Cie'rra efpáña, the cry of the fol- 
diers when they eneage in battel, en-- 
couraging one another to clofe with 
the enemy, for it lignifies clofe Spain, 
That is, Spaniards clofe with your 

Cerra'to, a town in the territory 
of Salamanca in Spain, famous for good 

Cerrazón, clofe, gloomy weather., 

Cerre'ro or Cerril, untam'd, wild.. 

Cerrillo, a little hill or ridge. 

Cbrjuon, a great flcak of curdled 

.sailk i. 

C E R 

Uiilk i ill iiide ; a drop hanging at 
the nofe. 

Ce'rro, a hill ; the ridge of a hill, 
the \M"<: of the back ; a task of wugI, 
hemp or flax, as much as is pu: oi\ tho 
rack at once to fpin. In cant, it ii the 
kty or the key-hole. 

Ce RRo et:rifi>u{o, a ftccp inacccíTi- 
blc riilj^e. 

Trait I e a úm la mkno for el ierro, 
to Itroke, to allure, to c^^xc, to flatter. 

Ca'ja'gadiWa en cerro, a bcalt bare- 
back 'd, without a faddle. 

B'.bir en cerro, to drink faAing, becaufe 
then the drink: has nothing to feed on, 
and ib runs like water ofl a ridge. 
. Tornar una cofa en cerro, to take a 
thing bare, or to take words in the 
plain fenfe. 

Pror. Ir por los i érros de ttleda : To 
ri:a frcm one thing to another in dil 
cx)urfe, and talk remote trom the btili- 
ntfs. The certain reafoti of the pro- 
verb I cannot Hnd, but fiippofe there 
arc many hilis about vbeda, and all out 
of the road or beaten way, fo ihty al- 
lude by them to a man's being out of 
the way in his difcourfe. 

El cerro, a town in Andakizia on 
the mountains, five leagues from Sevil, 
on the borders of Portugal, it contains 
700 houfcs, one parifli, and four cha- 
pels, the foil fertile. 
CtKROJo, a bolt. 
C^RTA, in cant, a fliirt or fmock. 
CrRxn'RO, a good markCuan, or 
one that guefles right. 

Certeza, certainty, furety. 
Certidújmbrl,. certainty. 
CcRTifiCACioN, certification, or a 

Certifica'do, certify'd. 
Certiíicamie'nto, a certifying. 
C r. R T I r I c a'r, Prsf. To certifico ; 
Pr^t. Csrtifqiié, to certify, to alfure, 
to give to underftand, to afccrtain. 

Clrtiíica'rse, to inform ones felf 
throughly, to be certify'd of a thing. 
Clrtifica'toria, a certificate. 
Cert*nida'd, certainty. 
CtRTiTUD, idem. 

Clrva'ntes, the furname of a fa- 
mily in Spain, of which the famous 
author of Don ^tixofe was. There are 
alfo near Toledo the ruins of a caillc 
call'd of S. Cervantes, but corruptly, 
for it is of Í. Servaw'ns. 

Cerva'l, like or pertaining to a 
hjrt or buck. 

Cervatillo, an hind, the fawn of 
a red deer. > 

CeRve'^a, beer or ale. 
Cerve'lo, vid. Celebro. 
Ctavi'RA, a town ia Catalonia 

C E S 

Cerve'za, beer or ale. 
Cerveze'ro, a brewer. 
Ceruüia, vid. Cirugía. 

Ccruja'no. vi'J. CinijÁvo. 
Cervicoso or Cervigiido, thick 

CerviguÍllo, the nape of the neck. 

Cerviz, the iiecl<. Lat. cervix. 

Honii;re ,is dura cerviz, a.ílill-ncck'd 
man, ob.L.aate and perverfe. 

Auaxay ¡a cerviz, to fubmit. 

L,erúleo, sky-colour. 

Cervuno, of or belonging to a hart 
or Hag. 

Cerzena'r, vid. Cercenar, 

Cerze'ta, vid. Cerceta, 

Cerzillo, vid. CerciUo. 
C E S 

Ce'sar, the name of ytilius C<efar, 
the firlt Roman emperor, and trom him 
convéy'd to the liicceeding emperors 
:iis fucceflbrs ; ib that in Ipeaking of 
the emperor the Spaniards now fre- 
quently fay, JLl céfar. 

Cesa'r, a river in the government 
of Santa Marta in South America which 
falls into that oi Auviania. 

Cesare'o, imperial, belonging to 
the emperor. 

Ce sGO, the cut, or flopingof a gar- 
ment, or the like. Alio demure. 

Ce'sped, a turf or ibd. 

Cessasion, ccaling, giving over. 

Cessa'do, ceas'd. 

C E s s a' R, to ceafe, to give over. 
Lat. cejfare. 

Cession, reiignation, delivering up 
ones right. 

Cessio.n"a'rio, the perfon that has 
yielded up any thing. 

Ce'sta, a basket. 

Ceste'ro, a basket-maker or feller. 

Cestica, Ceflita, CefliUa, or Ce- 
fiiUo, a little basket. 

Ce'sto, a great basket, a flasket, a 
hamper, or pannier. 

Fulano es un céfio, fu«h a one is a 
basket, íignifies he is a dunce, void of 
wifdom, or capacity, for all inflruftion 

runs through him as water does thro' 
a basket. 

Prov. Alábate céfio que venderte quie- 
ro : Praife your felf basket, for I will 
fell you. We fay, hold up your head 
for there is money bid for you. 

Prov. §uíén haze un céfio hkra cien- 
to : He that makes one basket may 
make an hundred. That is, he who 
commits one great fault may commit 
an hundred, or the contrray. We 
fay, he that made one made two. 

Prov. Coger agua en céfo, to take up 
water in a basket. To labour in vain. 

CestoNj any great basket, a gabion. 

C £ V 

CestÓna, a town in Bifcay, feven 
leagues from S, Sebaflian, feated on a 
hill, producing a great quantity of ap- 
ples, has many iron works, r 50 houfes, 
and one parilVi. 

Cestona'da, a basket fiJl. Met. 
a bull, a piece of nonfenfe. 

Cestontea'r, to make baskets. Met. 
to play the dunce. 

C E T 
Cetera' Q.UE, the herb fplcen-wort. 
Cetrería, hawking, or the art of 
faulconry. From the Latin accipiter, a 

Cetre'ro, a faulconer. 
Cetre'ro de iglcfia, the verger of a 

Cetrino, pale yellow. Alio a fort 
of ointment women ufe for their faces, 
fo call'd, becaufe the decoñion is made 
with citron pee!. 

Ce'tro, a fcepter. LiX.fceptrui». 

Ceva'da, barky. 

Prov. Cezada fobre efliércol, efpérala 
cierto, y Jt el año es mojado, pierde cuy- 
dado : Barley upon dung txpett it for 
certain, and if the year be wet take 
no care. That is, if your ground be 
well dung'd, be fure your barley will 
come up, and if it prove a wet year 
you need not doubt of a good crop. 

Prov. Cebada ofligáda, muermo cría, 
que no nalga : Barley that has been 
beaten in the rain, or that has been 
lodg-'d before it was cut, breeds the 
glanders in a horfe, and not buttocks. 
That is, it gives him the glanders in- 
flead of fatning him. 

Cevada R, to feed with barley. 
Cevade'ra, a wallet, or bag to 
carry barley in for horfcs, a havrefack. 
Alfo the place where the bait is lay'd 
to catch any creature. Alfo the fprit-' 
fail of a fliip, which is the foremoft 
fail hanging on the ipritfail maft, over 
the boltlprit. 

Cevade'ro, an afs that carries bar- 
ley for carriers, where tlrey fear to 
want it by the way. Alfo a place to 
fatten any creature in ; or where a 
bait is laid to catch any creature. 

Cevadílla, a plant in New spafn, 
Co call'd by the Spaniards, becaufe ic 
fomewhat refembles barley. It is the 
ftrongefl cauftick hitherto known, for 
it confumes any corrupt flefti as vio- 
lently as a red hot iron would do, only 
laying on the powder of it. It kills 
any cancer, and all forts of worms. 
The powder muft be put on by degrees, 
with the ufual precautions. In old 
fores, tho' never fo inveterate, it eats 
away all the corrupt fleih, and leaves 



them clean and fwcet, ib that there 
needs no more but applying medicines 
to incarnate. It is hot in the fourth 
degree, and further, if there be any 
degree beyond it. Monardes, fol. 70. 

CtvAnao, any thing of barley. Al- 
fo to be fatted or baited. 

Ceva'do, fatted, crammed. Alfo 
baited. Met. deluded with fair word». 

Cevadúra, fatning ; alio baiting. 

CevAiMie'nto, idem. 

Ceva'r, to feed, to fatten, to cram ; 
alio to bait, or to allure, and to prime 
a gun. 

Ceva'rse en una cofa, to be whol- 
ly intent, or eager upon a thing. 

Ceva'rse lafaéta, is for the arrow 
to fix, or take hold. 

CevellÍnas, vid. Martas. 

CevÍl, common, bafe, vile. 

Ce'vo, meat, food, alfo bait, and 

Cevolla, vid. CehoUa, 

Cevollino, vid. CeboUmo. 

Cevon, a fatted hog, or any other 
creature fatted for flaughter. 

CEvohfcÍLLo, a little fatted hog. 

Ce'uta, a city on the coaft of ^- 
frick, at the entrance of the Straights, 
poiTefs'd bv the Spaniards. 

Ceutí, a fmall fort of coin us'd at 

CeotÍes limones, lemons, the plants 
whereof were firfl brought from Ceuta. 
C E X 

Cexa'r,. vid. Cejar. 

Cexiju'nto, beetle-brow'd. . 
C E Y 

Ce'yra, a town in Portugal, two 
leagues from Cvimhra, and on the 
banks of the rivet Mondego, has not a- 
bove 80 houfes, one pariih, and a mo- 
naftery of Bertiardines. 

Ce'yvas, large trees in the Weji 
Indies , of which Ao'fta in his i^at. 
hiji, fV. Ind. gives no other account. 
C E Z 

Cezea'r, vid. Cecear. 

Ci'tGój'^vid. Céfgo. 

CezÍmbra, a town in Portugal, on 
the fea-coaft, in the territory of Setu- 
tial, has about poo houfes, and two 


Chabin, a great river in the king- 
dom of Cif'/i?, in South An':-r/ca, which 
runs by the city Oforr^o, and falls into 
the Sciith-Sea, not far from the city 
Taldi-via, in 40 degrees of fouth lati- 

Cha'bro, a fea-crab. 

Cha'^a, a chace at tennis. 

Chaca'la, a port in the province 
cf M'W Galicia , in J^nrth America , 


eight leagues from the city Compojlela. 

Chaca'ma, a valley in the kingdom 
of Peru in South America. 

Chacharrea'r, to cry like the 


Chacona, a Spsnifli tunc and 

Chacota, a jeft ; a noife made 
by way of fcolf or lelt. 

Haztr cha.otii de una ferfona, to 
make a jelt of a man, to fcoll' at him. 
§uafi cacota, from the Latin cachimius, 

Chacotea'r, to make a noife of 
jefling and merriment. 

Chaco te'ro, a jcfting, a merry 

C H a Í a L D e't e, the main tack, 
which is a great rope fallned to the 
clew of the fail of a fliip, which is to 
carry forward the clew of the fail to 
make it Hand clofe by a wind. 

Chafa'llo, a patch in old cloaths, 
an old rag or patch'd garment. Heb. 
chafil, to double. 

Chafele'te, the clew-garnet, is a 
rope made fait to the clew of a fail 
which ierves to hail up the clue of the 
fail clofe to the middle part of the 

Cha'gre, the chief river in the ju- 
riidiftion of Panama, on the ilthmus 
of America, call'd by the Spaniards 
Rio de lagartos. 

Chalupa, a íhalop or boat. 

CHALA'q.UE, a diltrict in the pro- 
N'ince of Florida in South America. 

Chalchacíui, a valley in the pro- 
vince of Tuatman in South America. 

Cha'lco, a province cf X?w Spain. 

Chamalucón, a river in the pro- 
vince of Honduras in North America. 

Chama'rra or chamarro, a long 
coat or garment made of flieep- skins 
with the wool on, and properly call'd 

Chamra'na de puerta, any orna- 
ment about the polis or jambs of a 

Cha'jie, a fmall diftrift in the go- 
vernment of P.inama in South Ame- 

Chame'dreoSj the herb german- 

Chamelote, chamlet ; alfo taby. 

Chaíiepite'os, the herb ground- 

CHA5IÍ2A, a fort of reed growing iu 

Chamorradlo, clipped. 

Chamorra'r, to tai<e oft" the hair, 
properly to clip aíTcs, as they do in 
Spain in March. From the Hebrew 
cbamcr, an afs. Thence. 

C H* A 

Chamorro, bald, without hair> 

Trigo chamorro, corn that growa 
without beards or aunes. 

Chajiusca'do, cinged. 

Chamuscadijra, cinging. 

Chamusca'r, Prcef. ro chámufco ; 
Pr£t. Cl^amu/jue , to cingc, Sl'^fi 
¡lamufcar, to put to the flame. 

Cha'musco, cinging with fire. 

CHAMUsciut', vid. Chamuftar. 

CHAiiirsciuiNA, a cinging. 

Cha'nca, a jell. 

Chanca'y, a valley in the king- 
dom of Peru, betwixt the city Lirna^ 
and the town of Gaura. 

Chancea'r, to break jcfls. 

Chancela'r, vid. Caticelúr. 

Chance'ro, one that is given rb 
jcfting, in cant, a cunning thicV. 

Chanci'ller, a chancellor, vid.. 

Chancillería, the court of chaa- 

C H A N c L e' T A .9, flippers to pull 
on without heels to pull up. So call'd, 
^ipfi canclétas, from /Jwo, the heel> 
winch is left bare. 

Chan^one'ta, a witty faying or 
expreilion. Alio a little fong, a ketch, 

Cha'ncos, clogs to wear in dirt. 

Chanfa'vxa,. in cant, a bawd. It 
is alfo a thing of no worth ; a meer 
jell ; a thing of nothing. 

Chanflones, bafe, rafcally people.. 

Cha'nq.ueta, vid. ChanclHa. 

Chansone'ta, a fonp, a ballade 

Chantra'r, vid. Cantar. 

Cha'ntre, the chanter in a cathe- 

Chanteía, the dignity or oiEce of» 

Cha'os, aconfiifion. Lar. 

Cha'pa, a thin plate of any metal,. 
Alfo a rattle for a child, or any fuch. 
thing that will make a noife. 

Chapa'do, plated or fludded. 

Chapador, one that plates or fluds, 

Cha'pas de color, the red ipots on 
the checks when one blufacs, cr'rather 
the great fpotsof paint women put on» 

Cha'pas de freno, the bolles of a 

Ck.a'par, to- plate, to cover, or 
adorn with plates, to itud. 

Cííapeto'n, in the Wefl h:dies, ííg- 
nifics a Spaniard ncwcome h'om Spain, 
that is, unacquainted uich the coun- 

Chapa RSELA, to clap any thing 
upon one that will fall fiat, as. mire, 
or the li.^e. Met. to throw any thin^ 
in a man's diili that is unpleafing, anii. 
flicks by him. 




CHAPA'RRO,»fiiull treelike a fmall 
oak, and bcarin;^ accrns like it. 
ChaI'i a uo, Vid. dap-t'^o, 
Chatla'r, vid. Chapdr. Alfo to 
xattle or iiuLc a noifc with plates. 
Chapele'te, a little hat or cip. 
Ck A p i/o, an hat. I'rom the French 

CHArtRiA, anything adorn'd with 
plates or lluddcd, or that fort of work. 
Chaperon, a cloak for foul wea- 
ther, with a hood to pull over the 

Cha PETE a'do, vid. Chapado. 
Chaíeion, a noify or unskilful 

Chapído, a noife of rattling 

ChapÍlla, a little plate of any me- 

■Chapín, a thing made of thick cork 
bound about with tin, thin iron, or 
iiiver, which women in Spain us'd to 
■wear under their Uioes in the nature 
of cloi^s or pattens, only this rais d 
them nnich higher, and they wore 
ihem in the houfe as well as abroad, 
efpecially little women to appear taller. 

Chapines i!e atauxt'a, the aforcfaid 
fort of clogs adora'd with gold and 

Chapina'zo, a blow with a cha- 

Chapinería, the place where the 
chapins are Ibid. 

ChapiNe'ro, the mcchanick that 
inakes the chapines. 

Chapirón, vid. Chaperon. 
Chapitel, a pinnacle of a tower. 
Alfo vid. Capüel. 

ChapU^a'do, dabbled, fiopp'd. 
Chapuca'r or Chapucear, to dabble, 
to flop. 

.Chapuce'ro, a dabler, one that 
makes flops. Alfo a fmith that makes 
jiails with broad flat heads. 

Chaqua'na , a province in the 
l;ini*dom of Chile in South 

Cha<íj;Í, a fmall province in the 
kingdom of Pfrw, and a fmall town of 
the fame name. 

CHAqJJiRA, a fort of fmall beads, 
much valu'd by the Indians of Pe»-». 
Chara'be, vid. Ámbar. 
Los Ch a'rcas, a province in the king- 
dom of Peru in Sciith America ; call'd 
alfo La Plata, from its capital city of 
that name. It is i 50 leagues in length, 
from the ¡urifdidion oi Lin.a to the 
foutheHimoll confinesofthe filver mines 
of Polofi. 

Cha'rco, a puddle of {landing wa- 


Pajfár el charco, is fometiraes meant 
of croiling the fea, as we fay, To go 
over the lierring-pool. 

H.izcr cl arcos en el ejlomago, to make 
puddles in ones lloniach. To drink 
much water, or as fomc fay, to breed 
frogs in ones belly. 

Charia'r, to croak as frogs do. 

Charida'd, vid. CaridaA. 

hi paño de ia charidad, a pall to lay 
over the dead, but particularly that 
for the poor, who are bury'd for cha- 

C H I 

the borders of Galicia, is wallM, and 
contains 500 houfes, one pariih, one 
hoipital, an houfe of Mifericordia, and 
one monaftery of friars, and fends de- 
puties to the cones, antiently call d A- 
qux Flavu. It is alfo the furname of a 
family in Portugal. 

Chauta'res, a ibrt of painted cali- 

Chava'nta, a province in the king- 
dom of Peru, 
i CHE 

Che'eva, the name of a confidera- 

Charla'r, to prate, to babble, to ble town and earldom in the kingdom 

talk too much 

Charlata'n, a prating talkative 
fellow. Alfo a mountebank. Italian. 

Charlata r, to prate, to babble, 
to tattle, to play the mountebank. 

Charlería, prattle, babbling, tat- 
tle. . , 
Charlido de rana, the croaking ot 
a frog 

Charne'l, in cant, two marave- 
díes ; in the plural number, charneles, 
fmall money. 

Charnie'gos, in cant, the nocks. 
Charc^-^llo, a little puddle of wa- 

Sdlta clarquilhs, fo they call one 
that trips along treading on his toes, 
lik.e beaus who are afraid to touch 
the Hones with their feet. A nice beau. 
Cha'rueco, a fmall tree like the 

Cha SCO, a trick, a bite, an impo- 
lition, a ily faying or adion. 

Chasque.! R, to trick, to bite, to 
impoie upon. 

Cha'squis , foot-poils among the 
Indians in Peru, who were polted at 
every two leagues, and when one had 
his meflage delivered him, he ran fwifc- 
ly to the next and gave it him, who 
did the fame till they came to the Inga i 
court ; and thus they would run 50 
leagues, or 150 miles in 14 hours. 

Chataplicia, vid. Azéyte de ¡a hi- 
guera del tnfierno. 
Cha'to, flat. 
Chatón, a ftud. 
Chatona'do, in cant, a riddle. 
Chatua, a fort of lighter to carry 
goods on rivers. 

Chavaca'na ciruela, a fort of or- 
dinary plum of no value, which for 
that reafon they alfo call porcUl, or har- 
ta puercos. That is, fill fwinc, as rec- 
koned only fit for fwlne. Thence 

of Valencia in Spain. 

Chemine'a, vid. Chimenea, 

Che'po, a river in the province of 
Panama, on the iOhums of America, 
call'd alfo Coquira. In cant, chepo is 
the bread. 

Cherina'e, in cant, the chief pimp, 
bawd I r thief. 

Cherinola, in cant, an aifembly 
of bawds, thieves and ruffians. 

Cherínas, a province in the king- 
dom oi Peru. 

CherÍ\a or Cheriii'a, the root we 
call a skirret. 

Che'ro, a clown ifh obfolete word, 
(Tgnifying a imell, or I fmell. In Por- 
tuguefe they fay cheiro. 

C11ERRIADÓR, vid. Chirriadcr. 

Cherria'r, vid. chirriar. 

Cherrión, vid. Chirrión. 

Che'rva, the herb íperage. 

Cherubín, a cherubin. .Heb. 

Chesepóne, a Virginia. 

Chesede'ck, a river in New France. 

Chetema'l, a province \aXt*catan. 

Chavaca'no homhie , 
troublefome fellow. 

a clowuií\x7/¿. 


Chía, a fcrap, a ilired, a ilnall rag, 
a welt. Alfo a fort of head-drefs wo- 
men antiently wore in Spain. 

Chiame'tla, a province of New 
Galicia in Korth America, call'd alfo 
Ibarra, from Francifco de Ibarra, who 
firft carry 'd a colony into i^ 

ChiampÍn, an odoriferous white 
flower in India and China, which pre- 
ferv'd, contrary to the nature of other 
flowers, grows hard, and is fweet and 
pleafant in the mouth. The tree is 
like a foiall plane tree. There is an- 
other fort of chiampins , with two 
leaves flrait, white and long, and as 
many red, winding about below. This 
grows not on a tree, but on a low 
plant on the ground. Gemelii, vol. 3. 

I. cap. 8. 

"ma NOt'ES, 

a fort of feed in the 

Cha'ves, in Portuguefe, keys, but, jfc/? /«irVcj like muftard, of whicli they 

not in Spanifn. It is the name of a ' make oil, ^'cry ^ood to pref. rve the 

town ia fouugal, two Lagues iiom skin or other things againil water ; 

I ' keeps 

c n I 

keeps images or pi&ires frefli a long 
time, and is good to eat. 

Chia'pa, a proviace in the jurifii- 
fíion of Guatimala in l^orth America, 
watcr'd by the river Crijalva, it !ici 
betwixt rLr/c/ila, Soconufco, T/xb.rfco, Tu- 
catan and rerapaz, its principal city 
Ciudad Real. 

Chia'rrOj aflieet of glafs. 

Chia'utla, a fmall diftrift, anda 
town of che fame name in the province 
of Mexico in Ner/fc America. 

Chiba'to, a he-goat. 

Chibete'ro, a hut or flielter made 
far the goats and kids. 

Chibita'l, a flock of goats, or the 
place where they keep goats. 

CuiBo, a goat. 

Chicacolla, a fmall Indian town 
in the province of Florida, in North A- 

Chicha, the name children in Spain, 
-when they begin to talk, give to tlefh, 
thence falchicha, a faucidge. By this 
fame name the generality of the Ame- 
rican Indians call the drink, or betr 
they make of the Indian wheat. Vid . 

Chicha'rra, a graihopper. Met. 
t prating woman. 

Chicharre a'r, to cry like the 

Chicharrón, a hard nob left in 
frying of fuet, or